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HARVARD 
COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




1 



- PfcT X f . j- ^tJi:^ X—DCZ. Price 2». M. 

® LOWNDES' 

BRITISH LIBRARIAN, 

BOOK-COLLECTOR'S GUIDE 



TO THE FORUATION OF A UBRART IN ALL BRANCHES 

OF LITERATURE, SCIENCE, AND ART, ARRANGED 

IN CLASSES, inTH PRICES, CRITICAL NOTES, 

RBPERENCES, AND AN INDEX OF 

AUTHORS AND SUBJECTS. 



-REUGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



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LONDON : 

. PUBUSHED FOR THE EDITOR, BT 

WHITTAKER AND CO., AVE MARIA LANE. 



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The twelfth and concluding Part of Religion and its 
History will appear shortly. It will be a,ccoinpaQied by 
a copious alphabetical Index of Authors and Subjects^ 
calculated to render the work of immediate and universal 
reference for all engaged in theological pursuits and 
studies. 









THE 



BRITISH LIBRARIAN, 



HtUffion anft itsf HiJftorp^ 



I. HOLY SCRIPTURES. 

I. BIBLIOGRAPHICAL INTRODUCTIONS. 

1. Bibliotiieca Sacra, in binoa Sylla- 
bofl distiocta : quorum prior, omnes sive 
Tertus Sacri sire Versionum ejusdem 
Kditiones, necnon praestant. mss. Codi- 
ces, cum Notis hbtor. continet ; poste- 
rior rero continet omnia eorum Opera 
cpii in S. Scripturam ediderunt : nuic 
mxbjiciuntur Grammaticce et Lexica Ling. 
mes. Oriental., labore Jac. Le Long. 
Paris., 1723, folio, 2 vols., 30s, 

The third and beet edition of this erudite 
irork. It contains much curious information, 
will be found an invaluable acquisition to 



the biblical scholar. (1.) fiibliotheca Sacra, 
J. Le Longr et C. F. Boerneri iteratas 



cmiine dsposita, emendata, suppleta, con- 

m ab And.Gottl. Mascii. Hal«, 1778, 85, 

90, 97. 4to. 2 pts. in 5 vob.. 60i. This elabo- 
nrte work contaii» the editions of the original 
Hebrew and Greek text, also the Greek, Orien- 
tal, aod Latin versions, with a supplement. It 
m for more complete in these departments than 
tlie oriitioal pabticadon ; but it does not give 
asy acocHint of the mss., or of the translations of 
tbe Scriptures into the modem languages, or of 
the commentaries, which Le Long gives in his 
own editions. In Prof. De Rossi's treatise, ' De 
ilgnottB nonn. antiquiss. Hebr. Textus Editioni- 
boa,' will be found an tUstorico-critical appendix 
to Masch's edition of Le Long's Bibliotheca 



2. Discours Histori()ue sur les prin- 
cipales Editions des Bibles Polyglottes, 
par(Jac. Lk Long) TAuteur de la Biblio- 
th^ue Sacr^. Paris, 1713, 8vo, 5*. 

In the Bibliographical Dictionary, edited by 
I>r. Adam Clarke^ appeared much curious in- 
formation respectmg Polyglot Biblt^, a few 
ropiai of which were struck off separately by 
that learned divine, for private distribution. 



3. Biblioth^que Sacr^e, par Augtistin 
Calmet. 

This valuable Catalogue^ which is to be found 
in the various French editions of the Diet, of 
the Bible, and likewise in the third volume of 
the English translation in folio, contains copious 
notices of the earlier biblical critics and com- 
mentators, and other writers on scriptural an- 
tiquities, &c. Orme observes, ' while this part 
of Calraet's work displays the great erudi- 
tion and research of the celebrated author, it 
discovers strongly his partiality for Catholic 
writers.' 

4. Algemeine Bibliothek der Biblische 
Litteratur, von J. G. Eichhorn. Leipz., 
1788-1801, 8vo, 10 vols., £5. 

Heringa says, that this Universal Library of 
Biblical Literature furnishes many proofs of 
laxity and licentiousness in the treatment of the 
Holy Scriptures. Eichhorn devoted his atten- 
tion for some years almost exclusively to the 
archeology of biblical literature. 

5. Bibliographical Appendix to an 
Introduction to the Critical Study and 
Knowledge of tbe Holy Scriptures, by 
T. H. HoRNE, B.D. 

To this work, which forms the second part of 
the second volume of Mr. Home's publication, 
the compiler of these pages has been greatly 
indebted. A notice of the best works treating 
on the Bible generally, and on each book in 
particular, willalso be found in La Sainte Bible 
de Vence, par M. Drach, published at Paris 
in 1827-34, in 27 vols., 8vo. 

6. Concise View of the Succession of 
Sacred Literature; and a Chronologi- 
cal Arrangement of Authors and their 
Works, from the Invention of Alpha- 
betical Characters, to the year 1300, by 
Adam Clarke, LL.D. and J. B. B. 
Clarke, M.A. London, 1831-2, 8vo, 
2 vols., 14». 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



This work contains much important informa- 
tion relative to biblical and ecclesiastical litera* 
ture, and will be found a useful guide to the 
student. 

7. Course of Lectures, containing a De- 
scription and Systematic Arrangement 
of tne several Branches of Divinity, ac- 
companied with an Account both of the 
principal Authors, and of the Progress, 
which has been made at different Periods, 
in Theological Learning, by Herbert 
MAR8H[Bi8hopof Peterborough]. Lond., 
1809-23, 8vo, 7 pts., 31*. 6d, 

These profoundly learned and valuable lec- 
tures embrace every topic of biblical criticism 
and interpretation ; and also the genuineness, 
authenticity, and credibility of the Scriptures ; 
and are i>articularly valuable for the notices of 
the principal writers who have treated on these 
subjects. (1.) Lectures on the Criticism and 
Interpretation of the Bible, with two prelimi- 
nary I-^Jtures on Theological Study and Theo- 
logrical Arrangement : to which are added, two 
Lectures on the History of Bibtical Interpre- 
tation, by H. Marsh, Bp. of Peterborough. 
Camb., 1828, 8vo, 12i. An enlarged edition of 
the first four parts of the Course of Lectures, re- 
printed London, 1838, 8vo, \4i. The two lec- 
tures on Biblical Interpretation, which were 
published separately, (price 2«. 6d.) contain 
notices of the principal writers on that subject. 
Marsh's Lectures, in the opinion of the Rev. E. 
Bickersteth, are deficient in evangelical views. 

8. Illustrations of Biblical Literature, 
exhibiting the History and Fate of the 
Bacred Writings, from the earliest Pe- 
riod to the present Century, including 
Biographical Notices of Translators and 
other eminent Biblical Scholars, by 
James Townlby, D.D. Lond., 1821, 
8vo, 3 vols., publ. at A2s. 

These volumes afford a more comprehensive 
view of the progress of biblical translations, and 
of the Uterary and ecclesiastical history of the 
Holy Scriptures, than is to be found in any 
other work. It will be foimd suitable for ge- 
neral reading, and exceUent for scholastic re- 
ference. ( I .) An Introduction to the Literary 
History ot the Bible, by J. Town ley, D.D. 
Lond., 1828^ 12mo, 5s, This is a second edition 
of the Biblical Anecdotes ]>ubl. in 1813, and 
may be considered as an epitome of the Illus- 
trations of Biblical Literature. 

9. Bibliotheca Biblica, a Select List 
of Books on Sacred Literature, with 
Notes, Biographical, Critical, and Biblio- 
graphical, hy William Ormb. Lond., 
1824, 8vo, I4s. 



Orme*s Bibliotheca is exceedinglv valuable, 

ny of the remarks 
which are inserted in this manual. 



and has furnished many of the remarks on books 



10. Biblioth^que Sacr^ Grecque-La- 
tine, contenant le Tableau Chronolo- 
ique, Biographi(}ue, et Bibliographique 
es Auteurs Inspu^s et des Auteurs Ec- 



§: 



cMsiastiques, depuis Moise jusqu'li Saint 
^rhomas-d'Aquin. Ouvrage redig^ d'a- 
pr^ Mtiu'o Boni et Gamba, par Ch. 
NoDiBR. Paris, 1826, 8vo, 9*. 

A -convenient summary of biblical and ec- 
clesiastical bibliography. 

11. Bibhotheca Biblica Wurtember- 
gensium Duels, olim Lorkiana, auctore J. 
G. C. Adlbr. Christiani, 1787> 4to, 30^. 

Mr. Home observes this work is jusdy cha- 
racterixed by Bp. Marsh as a catalogs of 
grreat merit and utility, and contains notices of 
some versions and translators, which have 
escaped even the researches of Mascb in his 
Bibhotheca Sacra. 

12. Bibliotheca Sussexiana. A De- 
scriptive Catalogue, accompanied by 
Historical and Biographical Notices of 
the MSS. and Printed Books contained 
in the Librarv of H. R. H. the Duke of 
Sussex, by T. G. Pettigrew, F.R.S., 
Sec. Lond., 1827, imper. 8vo, vol. 1 ia 
2 pts., 42«. ; large paper, in small folio, 
735. 6d. 

The first part relates to manuscripts, the 
second to printed editions of the Holy Scrip- 
tures, vii. Polyglots of the Old and New Tes- 
taments and of detached portions thereof ; He- 
brew Bibles, Hebrew and Hebrew-Samaritan 
Pentateuchs, and portions of the Old Testa- 
ment in Hebrew* Greek Bibles, Greek Pen- 
tateuch, and portions of the Old Testament in 
Greek ; and Latin Bibles, and parts of the Old 
Testament in Latin. The work contains much 
minute and important bibliographical and other 
information. 

13. Catalogue of the Ethiopic Bibli- 
cal MSS. in the Royal Library of Paris* 
and the Library of the British and Fo- 
reign Bible Society ; also some Account 
of those in the Vatican Library at Rome* 
with Remarks and Extracts: to which 
are added Specimens of Versions of the 
New Testament in the modem Lan- 
guages of Abyssinia, and a Grammatical 
Andysis of a Chapter in the Amharic 
Dialect ; with Fac-similes of an Ethiopic 
and an Amharic Manuscript, by T. P. 
Platt, B.A. Lond., 1823, 4to, publ. 
at I5s. 

A work of considerable interest to Ethiopic 
and other Oriental scholars. 

14. Catalogue of Editions of the Holy 
Scriptures, and other Bibhcal Works in 
the Library of the British and Foreign 
Bible Society. Lond., 1832, Svo, 55. 

Privately printed. This catalo^e will be 
found useful to collectors. 

15. History of the Translations which 
have been made of the Scriptures, from 
the earliest to the present age, throu|i;h- 
out Europe, Asia, Africa, and Amenca, 



INTRODUCTIONS TO THE SCRIPTURES. 



by Herbert Mahsh, D. D. [Bishop of 
Peterborough]. Lond., 1812, 8 vo, 6^. 

Both this wor£ and the following- are replete 
with inip<»tant information, but necessarily re- 
stricted in the range of their details by their 
controversial character. 

16. Historical Sketch of the Transla- 
tion and Circulation of the Scriptures, 
from the earhest period to the present 
time, by the Rev. W. A. Thomson 
and the Rev. W. Orme. Perth, 1815, 
8to, 58. 

Designed as a reply to Bp. Marshes pam- 
phlet. 

17. Tables exhibiting at one View 
the Principal Translations of the Scrip- 
tures into the modem Languages of 
Europe, Asia, Africa, and America, to- 
gether with the Dates when they ap- 
peared, the Authors by whom they were 
executed, and the Places where they were 
ieverally printed, by T. H. Horns, B.D. 

In tiie sccoDd volume of his Introduction to 
the Holy Scriptures. The Scriptures have been 
tran wlated wholly or in part, mto upwards of 
one hundred and fifty modem languages or 
dialects. Much information relative to modem 
venions of the Scriptures will be found in the 
Reports of the British and Foreign Bible So- 
cietjr. Reference may also be made to the fol- 
lowing works : 1. Brief View of Baptist Mis- 
iiore ind Translations. London, 1815, 8vo ; 2, 
Periodical Accounts ot the Baptist Missionary 
Society, nos. 30 and 31, 1817 ; 3, Specimens 
of Editions of the Sacred Scriptures in the 
£a^em Languages, translated by the Brethren 
of the Serampore Mission, and of several others, 
printed at the Mission Press, Serampore, 1818, 
4to; 4, Seventh Memoir respecting the Transla- 
tions of the Sacred Scriptures mto the Lan- 
inuges of India, conducted by the Brethren of 
Serampore, 1820, 8vo ; 5, Tenth Memoir re- 
spectii^ the Translations of the Sacred Scrip- 
tares mto the Oriental Languages, by the 
SerwnpOTe Brethren ; with a brief View of 
their various Editions from the Commencement 
in the Spring of 1794. Second edition. Edinb., 
1834, 8vo. 

18. Historical Account of the Saxon 
and English Versions of the Scriptures, 
previous to the opening of the Fifteenth 
Century, by the Rev. H. H. Baser. 

Prefixed to his edition of Wiclif 's New Tes- 
tament 

19- Historical Account of the several 
EnffUsh Translations of the Bible, and 
of the Opposition they met with from the 
Church 01 Rome, by Anthony Johnson. 
Lond., 1730, 8vo, 4*. 

Reprinted in the third volume of Bp. Wat- 
•oil's Collection of Theological Tracts. 

20. Complete History of the several 
Translations of the Bible and New Tes- 
tament, by John Lewis, M.A., with a 
PUte. Lond., 1739, 8vo, 125. 



This important publication affords a chrono- 
logical view of the progress of the word of God 
in our native country, with biographical notices 
of many of the translators. The first edition 
was prefixed to Lewis's edition of Wiclif 's New 
Testament in 173 1. (1.) A New Edition. Lond., 
1816, 8vo, lOi. The additions to this reprint 
are of no moment. 

21. Historical View of the English 
Bibhcal Translations, the Expediency of 
revising by authority our present Trans- 
lation, ana the Means of execu tins such 
a Revision, by Wm. Nbwcome, Bp. of 
Waterford. Dublin, 1792, 8vo, 9*. 

This valuable work contains an extensive 
collection of the opinions of the learned on the 
importance and expediency of revising the 
common translation, and also some excellent 
rules for the conduct of translators. At the end 
i'i a list of the English translations of the Scrip- 
tures down to 17W. 

22. List of Editions of the Bible and 
Parts thereof, in English, 1505 — 1820, 
with an Appendix, by Henry Cotton, 
D.C.L. Oxford, 1821, 8vo, 7«. 6d. 

A very complete list, with a few bibliogra- 
phical notes ^the most valuable partis the ap- 
pendix, in which will be found specimens of 
the early English translations of the Scriptures, 
besides accurate descriptions of several scarce 
editions. 

23. Brief History of the Versions of the 
Bible of the Anglo-Roman Churches. 
Dublin, 1830, 18mo, 2s. 6d. 

This little volume exhibits the alterations, ad • 
ditions, omissions, and variations which have 
been made by the popish bishops in their Anglo- 
Romish versions. 

24. Historical Account of the Bri- 
tish or Welsh Versions and Editions 
of the Bible, by Thomas Llewellyn. 
Lond., 1768, 8vo, 6». 

lu the appendix to this tract will be found a 
reprint of tne dedication prefixed to the first im- 
pressions of the Welsh Bible. 

25. Historical View of the Translation 
and different Editions of the Icelandic 
Scriptures, by Ebenezer Henderson, 
D.D. Edinb., 1818, 8vo. 

In the second volume of his very interesting 
Journal of a Residence in Iceland. (1.)A Dis- 
sertation on Hans Mikkelsen*s [or the first 
Danish] Translation of the New Testament, by 
E. Henderson. D.D. Copenhagen, 1813, 4to, 
12<. (2.) Biblical Researches and Travels in 
Russia, &c. by E. Henderson, D.D. Lond., 
1826, 8vo, 12s. An interesting volume, contain- 
ing numerous and important details respecting 
the ancient and modem Russian, &c., versions 
and editions of the Holy Scriptures, as also 
many valuable elucidations of Scripture man- 
ners and customs. 

26. Notices of the Translation of the 
Scriptures into Oriental Languages, by 
Claudius Buchanan. 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



8 



In his ChriBtian Researches in Asia. 
•^* See also ("po^t) the Introductions to 
Sacred Philologry and to Theology. 



2. POLYGLOT BIBLES, AND PARTS 
THEREOF. 

1. Biblia Sacra Polvglotta, studio, 

opera, et impensis Card. Francisci Xi- 

MBNEZ de Cisneros. Compluti, 1514-7> 

fol., 6 vols., £30. 

Itiis great and valuable work is said to have 
cost about 50,000 ducats for the printinff onlj. 
Fifteen years were employed in compiling it, 
and forty-two persons eminent for tlieir learning 
were maintained in prepaiing it for publication. 
Vols, i— iv contain the Hebrew, Vulgate, and 
Greek texts of the O. T., in parallel columns, 
and the Chaldee paraphrase at the bottom of 
the page with a Latin translation ; vol. v, the 
Greek N. T. and the Vulgate Latin version ; 
vol. vi, a Hebrew and Chaldaic vocabulary, 
and some tracts of an introductory and gram- 
matical nature. The merit of the Complutensian 
Polyglot is canvassed by Goetz in his Vertheidi- 
gung der Complut Bibel., Hamb., 1765-9^ and 
by Walch in his Neueste Relegionsgeschichte, 
1771, sq. p. iv. 

2. BibUa Sacra Polyglotta, Philippi II 
Hispan. Regis jussu edita ac impressa, 
cursL Benedict] Arise Montani. Antv., 
1569-72, fol., 8 vols., £5. 5*. 

Besides all that is in the Complutensian, 
this Polyglot contains a part of the Chaldee 
paraphrase of the O. T. omitted by Card. Xi- 
menes, and a literal Latin translation by Pag- 
ninus, improved by Arias Montanus. There is 
also a Syriac version of the N. T., not in the 
former, with a Latin transl. of it by Boderianus. 
The last two volumes are occupied with gram- 
mars, lexicons, indices, and various treatises. 
The greater pjart of the impression of this Poly- 
glot was lost in a voyage to Spain. 

3. Biblia Hebr., Samar., Chald., Gr., 
Syr., Lat., Arab., edente M. Lk Jay. 
Paris., 1628-45, atl. foL, 10 vols., £10. 

This sumptuous edition, besides what is to be 
found in the former Polyglots, contains the 
Samaritan Pentateuch and a Samaritan version 
of it first printed ; an Arabic transl. of the whole 
Scriptures, and a Syriac transl. of the O. T. 
There are also Latin transl. of all the oriental 
versions. It is, according to Bp. Wilkins^ * a 
very pompous magnificent work, and might 
have been more useful, had the correctors be- 
stowed as much diligence and skill as the pub- 
l^hers did cost' Some few copies are entitled 
Biblia Alexandrina Septaglotta, and bear the 
date of 1666. 

4. Biblia Sacra Polvglotta, complec- 
tentia Textus Originales, Hebr. cum 
Pentat. Samarit., Chald., Gr., Versio- 
numque antiq. Samarit., Gr. LXXII 
Interpr., Chald., Syr., Arab., iEthiop., 
Pers., Vulg. Lai., quicqnid comparavi 
poterat. Cum Textuum et Vers. Orient. 
Translat. Latinis. Cum Apparatu, Ap- 



pendicibus, Tabulis, var. Lect, Annot., 
Indicibus, etc. Edidit Brianus Walton, 
S.T.D. Lond., 1657, fol., 6 vols., £20 to 
£25. 

All the preceding polyglots were eclipsed 
by this of Bishop Walton. Nine languages are 
used in it, though no one book of the Bible is 
printed in so many. Copies in morocco bind- 
ings have at auctions produced upwards of £70. 
Twelve copies were printed on larfi^ paper. 
The following publications are considered as 
necessary accompaniments, (1.) Paraphrasis 
Chaldaica in Librum prior, et poster. Chroni- 
corum, auctore Rabbi Josepho, Rect Acad, 
in Syria, cum Vers. Lat a Dav. Wilkins, 
Cant, 1717, vel Amst., 1726, 4to, 40s. The ms. 
from which this was printed, was written in 
1477. The Targum is very correctly printed, 
and the Latin version is good. (2.) Lexicon 
Heptaglotton, Hebr., Chald.. Syriac., Samarit, 
Ethiop., Arab., conjunctim, et Pers. separatira : 
cui accedit brevis et harmonica Grammatics 
omnium prsced. Linguarum Delineatio,aQthore 
£dm. Castello, S.T.D. Regiae M. a sacria, 
&c. Lond., 1669 vel 1686, fol, 2 vols., £6. 6*. 
This excellent work is perhaps the peatest and 
most perfect undertaking of the kind hitherto 
performed by human industnr and learning. 
(3.) Divine Originall, &c. of the Scriptures, 
also Considerations on Bp. B. Walton's Biblia 
Polyglotta, by John Owen, D.D. Oxford. 
1659, 18mo, Is.dd. Also in Dr. Owen's Col- 
lective Works. (4.) The Considerator Con- 
sidered, or a brief View of certain Considera- 
tions upon the Biblia Polyglotta, the Prolego* 
mena and Appendix thereof, by Brian Walton. 
Bishop of Chester. Lond.. 1 659, 1 8mo, Is. 6d. 
Reprinted by Todd in his life of Bp. Walton. 
(5.) Introductio ad Lectionem Linguarum 
Onentalium, Hebr., Chald., Samarit, Syr., 
Arab., Pers., i^^thiop., Armen., Copta:, per 
Brianum Waltonum, S.T.D. Lond.. 1655, 
l2mo, 7«. 6rf. Dr. Adam Clarke observes, this 
little tract is really well written and must have 
been very useful at the time it was published. 
It contains alphabets of the different lan^ages. 
directions how to read them, &c. Editio se- 
cunda, priori emendatior. Lond., 1655, I2mo, 
95. (6.; Br. Waltoni Dissertatio in qui de 
Unguis Orientalibus, Hebr., Chald., Samar.. 
Syr., Arab., Pers., Arm., et Copta. et de Tex- 
tuum et Versionum, quae in Complut., Regiis, 
Paris., et Anglic, Polyglottis Bibliis, habentur, 
antiquitate, authoritate et usu, breviter disseri- 
tur : accessit lo. Wouweri Syntagma de 
Graeca et Latina Bibliorum Interpretatione. 
Daventrie, 1658, l2mo, 6s, This dissertation 
is sometimes, erroneously, confounded with the 

? receding work. ^7.) Dissertations sur les 
'rolegomenes de B. Walton [attributes a P. 
Emery], Lie^. 1699, 8vo, 9». (8.) Br. 
Waltoni in Biblia Polyglotta Prolegomena 
spcdalia, recognovit Dathianisque et Variorum 
Notis suas immiscuit Fr. Wranoham. A.M., 
&c. Cant, 1827, 8vo, 2 vols., publ. at 28* ; 
roy. paper, at 42*. The fourth and best edition 
of this standard critical publication on the 
sacred text. A work more remarkable for judg- 
ment and learning certainly has not appeared 
since the revival of literature ; and pernaps we 
[Britinh Critic, vi, 346-621 may as confidently 



9 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



10 



ifinn that one of greater vahie to the cause of 
biblical koovrledge is not likely soon to super- 
«te it (9.) Memoirs of the Life and Writings 
of Brian Walton, Bp. of Chester, by the Rev. 
Henry J. Todd, with a Portraiu Lond , 1821 , 
6to,2to1s., 14i. This,thoughtoomuchof aparty 
book, cootatm some curious and interesting in- 
fionnation about the Polyglot, and Walton's co- 
Mijators; the state and progress of oriental 
literature in Great Britain ; and likewise notices 
of the Mtnsbtors of the authorised English ver- 
eioo of the Bible. The second volume is en- 
tovh occupied with Walton's Vindication of 
tbe Polyglot against Dr. H. Owen. 

5. Biblia Sacra Quadrilingiiia V. T. 
Hebndci, ctim Version, e regione positis, 
utpote Vers. Gr. LXX Interpr. ex Cod. 
nw. Alex., ab. J. E. Grabio, item Vers. 
Lat Seb. Schmidii, et German. Beati 
Lotheri: adjectis textui Hebrseo Notis 
Masor. ct Graecae Versione Lectionibus 
Cod. Vatic. ; Notis philol. et exeg. aliis, 
utet Summariis Capitum ac Locis ParelL 
locapL omata, accurante M. Christ. 

RsiNBccio. Lips., I750,fol., 3 vols., £5. 
A valatble sub^tute for the preceding larger 
Polyglots. Dr. A. Clarke pronounces it to be 
ooe of the most correct extant. 

6. Biblia Sacra Polyglotta, Textus 
Archetypos, Versionesque prsecipuas, ab 
Ecdesii antiquities receptas complec- 
UntJA : accedimt Prolegomena in eorun- 
dem crisin literalera, auctore Sam. Lee, 
S. T. B., &c. Lend., 1817-28, vel 1831, 
4to, pnbj. at £5. 5«. ; sra. folio, at £8. 85. 

Th» beautiful edition contains the Hebrew 
Bible with points, the Samaritan Pentateuch, 
the Gre^ Septuagint and the Greek text of the 
N. Testament, the Latin Vulgate, the Peschito 
Syriac N. T., and the English authorised ver- 
Moa of the Bible. The copies taken off in folio 
sho contain translations in tbe following lan- 
nucs, riz. the German by Luther ; the Italian 
by iKodati ; the French by Ostervald ; the 
Spunh (fitnn tli^ Romish Latin Vulgate) by 
^^ I aM the New Test in Hebrew, done ex- 
piwy for this edition. The texts are so dis- 
posed ts to exhibit eight languages at each 
opening of the volume. Copies of the several 
textt and venaons of this polyglot are thrown off 
ia detached small Svo volumes ; and copies of 
*ht quarto Polyglot New Test, may be procured 
*itb a distinct title-page* (1.) Biblia Sacra 
Polyglotta, Gallioe, Itaiice, Hispanice, et Ger- 
"tti&ee,Vmaones prsecipuas ab EcclesiisChris- 
twn hodie reeeptas aut vulgo approbatas com- 
^^deotia. 4to, publ. at 90$. A fit companion 
fcr the former 4to volume. 

7. Novum Testamentum in XII Lin- 
inui, Gr., Syr., Hebr., Lat., Germ., 
Bohem<, Ital., Hiepan., GalHc, Angl., 
Danice et Polon., studio El. Hutteri. 
Norimb., 1599-1600, fol., 2 vols , 635. 

la this polyflrlot edition of the N. T. nn- 
|M9B«d the nnrt Hebrew version. It was transl., 
'■onertjti, and finished by Hutter in the space 



of one year, and considering the shortness of 
the time in which it was accomplished, is truly 
a wonderful performance. 

8. Novi Testamenti Biblia Triglotta, 
sive Graeci Textus Arcbetypi, Versionis 
Syriacae, et Versionis Latinse Vulgatae 
Synopsis : cui accedit Subsidia Critica 
varia. Evangelia. Lond., 1828, 4to, 2l5. 

This handsomely printed volume has likewise 
a selection of various readings. 

9- Triglott Evangelists, Interlinear, 
consisting of tbe original Greek from tbe 
Text of Griesbach ; the Latin taken from 
Montanus, Beza, and tbe Vulgate, and 
the English of the Authorised Version, 
accommodated to the Greek Idiom, with 
grammatical and historical Notes. Lond., 
1834, 8vo, publ. at 285., or, with a Gram- 
mar of the New Testament, at 3l5. 6d. 

Either gospel or the grammar may be pur- 
chased separately. The work is an invaluable 
assistant in the critical and devotional study of 
the Evangelists. 

10. Oratio Dominica, in diversas om- 
nium fer^ Gentium Linguas versa, et 
propriis cuj usque Linguae Characteribus 
expressa, cum Dissertationibus Vari* 
orum de Linguarum Origine, editore 
J.Chamberlaynio. Amst ,1715, 4to, 
105. 6d. ; large paper, 2 1 5. 

An original work, m which the Oratio Do- 
minica is exhibited in 152 different forms, 
mostly en^ved in their proper characters. 
Some additions were made to Chamberlayne's 
materials in the Orientalischer und Occiden- 
talischer Sprachmeister, edited by Schultz at 
Leipzig in 1748, containing also a hundred 
different alphabets. It was principally from 
this work that Bergmann copied his collection, 
published in 1789 at Ruien in Livonia. 

U. Oratio Dominica, CL Linguis 
versa, et propriis cujusque Lingua? CTia- 
racteribus plerumque expressa, edente 
J. J. Marcel. Paris., Typis Imperial., 
1805, royal 4to, 245.; fine paper, 365. 

Marcel s specimens of 150 languages, printed 
in compliment to P. Pius VII, are principally 
copied from Chamberlayne, with a very few 
original additions. I'he Lord's Prayer, in nearly 
five hundred langiiages and dialects, will be 
found in Prof. Adelung's Mithridates. 

3. ORIGINAL TEXTS OF THE HOLY 
SCRIPTURES. 

1. Biblia Hebraica cum Pimctis. Son- 
cini, 1488, fol. 

This is generally considered the first printed 
edition of the whole Hebrew Scriptures. It was 
edited by Abraham, the son of Rabbi Chaim, 
and completed in the eleventh month of the 
year 248, according to the lesser computation, 
corresponding with the year of Christ 1 488. 

2. Biblia Hebraica. Brixiae, 1494, 8vo. 
This is the edition used by Luther in rankini,' 



r 



11 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



12 



his Gennan bunslation. The Reformer's own 
copy is deposited in the Royal Library at Ber- 
lin, and was collated by Professor Schulze for 
Dr. Kennicott. It was likewise the basis of se- 
veral early editions of the Hebrew Bible. 

3. Biblia Hebraica nuda (vel sine 
Punctis). Pisse, 1494, fol. et 4to. 

This, the first edition without points, is said 
to be very correct Other unpointed editions 
appeared in 1573, 1610, 1631, 1639, 1694. 1702, 
&c. 

4. Biblia Hebraica, cum Latina Ver- 

sione Seb. Munstbri. Basil., 1534-5, 

fol., 2 vols., 248. 

The editor's prolegromena contain much use- 
ful critical matter, and his notes are subjoined 
to each chapter. Inouffh Simon freely censures 
particular parts of Munster's version, he de- 
cidedly prefers it to those of Pa^ninus and 
Montanus ; and Huet gives him the character 
of a translator well versed in the Hebrew lan- 
guage, whose style is very exact, and conform- 
able to the origrinal. ( I . ) Editio secunda. Basil.. 
1546, fol., 274. lliis second has some additional 
notes, which Father Simon thinks useful for 
understanding the style of the sacred writings. 

5. Biblia Hebraica, cum interlin. In- 
terpret. Lat. Xantis Pagnini : accessit 
Bioliorum pars, auae Hebraice non re- 
peritiu*, item Novum Testamentum, 
Grsece, cum Vulgata Interp. Lat., studio 
Ben. Ariae Montani. Ant., 15S4, fol., 

36». 

Bp. Gleig, in his Directions for the Study of 
Theolofry oMerves, * you will find Montanus* 
edition of the Hebrew Scriptures more useful to 
you than perhaps any other.' The first edition 
of 1572 forms the sixth volume of the Antwerp 
Polyglot, and it was subsequently reprinted in 
fol. in 1609, &c. The octavo editions are of 
little value. 

6. Biblia Hebrsea, cum utraque Masora 
et Targum, item cum Commentariis Rab- 
binorum, studio lo. Buxtorpfii, patris; 
adjexta est dusdem Tiberias, sive Com- 
raentarius Masoreticus. Basil., 1618-20, 
fol , 4 vols, in 2, 84«. 

This edition is held in ^reat esteem by He- 
brew scholars, llie Rabbinical Bible was first 
published at Venice, by Bomberg, in 1518, fol., 
4 voK,and again in 1525-6, fol., 4 vols., 73<. &/. 
This latter edition is the basis of all the modem 
pointed copies. Others appeared in 1547-9^ and 
in 1568. Buxtorf's edition was again published 
at Basle, 1665, fol.. 2 vols., 84s. Bp. Marsh 
values the labours of the Masorets very highly, 
though he is far from thinking with Buxtorf 
and some others, that the Masoretic text is ab- 
solutely perfect. (1.) Biblia Hebraica Magna 
Habbinica. Amst, 1724-7, fol., 4 vols., £6. 6s. 
lliis is unquestionably the most copious and 
most valuable of all the Rabbinical Bibles, and 
was edited by Moses Ben Simeon of Frankfort 

7. Biblia Hebraica correcta et coUata 
cum anti(j. et acurat. exemplar, mss. et 
hactenus impressis. Amst., tyins Jos. 
Athias, 1667, 8vo, 2 vols., 24*. 



Third edition printed by Athiai. ' This 
supremely masoretic edition,' says Kennicott, 
' appeared to their High Mightinesses the States 
General so particularly meritorious, that Athias. 
the typographer, was presented with a chain oi 
gold, and a gold medal pendant But was it 
not an act of superabunchmt goodness, thus to 
reward a Jew for an edition, in which J oho 
Leusden (though a Christian) confesses, that he 
permitted the Latin contents, here add^ in the 
margin, to explain away some of the prophecies 
relating to the Messiah V 

8. Biblia Hebraea, cum Nods Hebr. et 
Lemmatibus Latinis, ex recens. Dan. 
Em. Jablonski. Berol., 1699, 4to, 30«. 

In the preface Jablonski first lays a r^rulsr 
foundation for the reformation of the printed 
Hebrew text, by pointing out the fact of the 
various readings, and recommending an accu- 
rate examination of the mss. De Kossi con- 
siders it to be one of the most correct and 
important editions ever published. 

9. Biblia Hebraica sine Punctis [edente 
Maresio]. Amst., 1701, l6mo, lOs. 6d, 

This is usually, though incorrectly, called 
Leusden's Hebrew Bible. With it is fire^iuently 
bound up Wetstein's accurate edition of the 
Greek I'estement, printed in 1740. Together 
they form a very convenient pocket volume. 

10. Biblia Hebraica, edente Everardo 
Vandbr Hooght. Amst., 1705, Svo, 
35*. 

A beautiful book with maiiginal notes point- 
ing out the contents of each section. At the 
end are given the various lections between the 
editions of Bomberg, Plantin, Athias, and 
others. The text is regarded as the 'textns 
receptus* of the Hebrew Scriptures, yet Dr. 
Geddes remarks, that it has more errors than 
the earliest printed editions. Kennicott states 
that the variations between it and the first 
edition of 1488 amount to 12,000. It is, how- 
ever, the text from which Houbigant and Ken- 
nicott printed their splendid ^itions. (I.) 
Biblia Hebraica secundum Edit E. VaiuW 
Hooght, collatis aliis bons noUe cod., una cum 
X'ersione Lat Seb. Sciimidii. Lips., 1740, 4to, 
•'^Os. A tolerably accurate reprint, with addi- 
tional various readings, &c. Schmid's version 
is very literal, and useful to students. (2.) Bib- 
lia Hebraica ad edit Vauder Hooght, a J. S. 
C.Frey. Lond., 181 1-2, 8vo, 2 vols., 12s. j roy. 
paper, 18s. A neat but incorrect reprint, edited 
by a converted Jew. (3.) Biblia Hebraica se- 
cundum edit £. Vander Hoogiit, denuo recog- 
nita et emendata a Juda D'Ai.lemano. LoncL, 
1822, 8vo, 1200 pages, 15s.; fine paper, 21f. Mr. 
Home observes, that this stereotyped edition 
may safely be pronounced the most beautiful, 
as well as the cheapest, edition of die4Iebrew 
Scriptures ever produced. In addition Xo the 
care previously bestowed by the editor, every 
page was revised four times, after the stereotype 
plates were cast, by persons familiar with tne 
Hebrew language. There are copies bearing 
the dates of 1828, 33, &c 

11. Biblia Hebraica, cura ac studio 
Jo. Henr. Michaelih. Halap, 1720, 8vo, 
145.; 4to, 20s. \ folio, 20$. 



1 



13 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



14 



Hii*. ft voy excellent edition, contains the 
fint collection of varioiu readings by a Chris- 
nsD editxvf^ the Hebrew Scriptures. There 
ire tbo prolegomena and short marginal notes 
by MichaeKs. 

12. Biblia Hebndca eine Punctis, ac- 
ctinnte Nath. Forstbb. Oxon., 1750, 
4to, 2 vols., 309. ; larae paper, £2. 2s, 

The first Hebrew Bible, except that in the 
Polyglot, printed in £ngland. It does credit, 
mn Orme, to the taste and attention of its 
raior. 

13. Biblia Hebraica Manualia, edita k 

Jo. SiMONis. Ualse, 1767, 8vo, 125. 

A oseful edition to a learner of the language. 
Simon has annexed to it an analysis and ex- 
pluntion of the Masoretic readings Keri and 
Kethib : also a compendious dictionary of all 
Uke Heorew and Cnaldaic words in tne Old 
TcstimeoL (1.) Editio nova. HaUc, 1822, 
8fo. 16«. 

14. Biblia Hebraica, cum Notis criticis 
ct Versiooe Latina ad notas criticas fac- 
ta ; accedunt Libri Graeci, qui Deutero> 
canonid vocantur, autore Car. Franc. 
HouBiOANT. Paris., 1753, fol., 4 vols.. 

The text of this edition is that of Vander 
Hoogbt. without pmnts, and in the margin are 
wioQs lections from the Samaritan Pentateuch. 
Batkr lays that its merit is celebrated by all 
who tre not advocates for the Masorah ; and 
Dr. A. Clarke calls it a work of ^reat impor- 
tsace to the biblical critic. Houbigant^s Latin 
versioo is tdmired for its elegance and ener^. 
(1.) C. F. HovBioANTii Nots criticae in univ. 
y.T. IJbros,cum Heb., tum Gr. scriptos, cum 
iiteffris ejusdem Prolegomenis. Francof. ad 
McML, 1777, 4to, 2 vols.. 20i. A neat reprint 
llaubigant is often referred to by Kenmcott, 
Lowtb, Newcome, Geddes, and other distin* 
ffvisbed critics of modem tiroes, but Orme 
obterres, he * was a very daring critic, bold in 
aniecturml criticMm, and free in his remarks on 
Soiptarc* 

15. Old Testament, English and He- 
hnw, with Remarks, critical and gram- 
matical, on the Hebrew, and Corrections 
of the English, by Anselm Bayly, 
LLD. Lond., 1774, 8vo, 4 vols., 60*. 

A asdul edition of the Masoretic Hebrew 
tet €or those desirous of learning the language. 
Tke Hebrew is printed in long hnes on the 
hft-hand page, and the authorized English 
Tcrsioii on the right, divided into two columns. 
TV critical notes, which are very few, are 
pbced under the English text 

16. Vetus Testamentum Hebraicum, 
nuD tariis Lectionibus, edidit Benj. 
KiNNicoTT, S.T.P. Ojcon., 1776-80, 
W., 2 Tok., £6. 6*. 

A splendid edition, which^ notwithstanding 
m imputed (fefects, has been justly pronounced 
*» Irst rate, and even unique ornament of a 
wktfical collection.' Above £9000 was sub- 
scribed to procure the collation of mss. It 



occupied its learned editor in preparation, or 
actual labour, more than thirty years. The 
various readings are almost innumerable, and 
the dissertatio ^neralis is invaluable for the 
information which it contains respecting the 
state of the original text, and the sound prin- 
ciples of criticism which it exhibitB. Of Uie 
onsin, progress, and merits of Dr. Kennicott's 
Hebrew Bible a minute detail will be found in 
Bp. Marsh's Lectures. (1.) Varias Lectiones 
Kennicotti continuavit Jo. Bern. De Rossi, 
et adjecit alias ex immensa mss. editorumque 
Codicum congerie haustas, et ad Samar. Tex- 
tum, ad vetustiss. Versiones, ad accuratiores S. 
Criticae Pontes ac Leges examinatae. Par- 
ms, 1784-8, 4to, 4 vols., 50f. An important 
supplement to Kennicott's Bible. It contains 
the various readings of 731 Hebrew mss., and 
310 editions. De Rossi's prolegomena are a 
treasure of biblical criticism. (2.) Bern. De 
Rossi Scholia Critica in Vetus lestamentum. 
Parm», 1799, 4to, 16«. (3.) Bern. Kenni- 
cotti Dissertatio generalis in Vetus Testamen- 
tum Hebraicum, curavit P.J. Bruns. Brunsv., 
1783, 8vo. 6s, A neat reprint (4.) Codex 
Criticus ot the Hebrew Bible, wherein Vander 
Hooght's text is corrected from the Hebrew 
MSS. collated by KennicoU and De Rossi, and 
fix>m the ancient Versions ; bein^ an Attempt 
to form a Standard Text of the Old Testament, 
to which is prefixed an Essay on the Nature 
and Necessity of such an Undertaking, by 
the Rev. Geoive Hamilton, M.A. Lond., 
1821, 8vo, 7f. This work presents in a con- 
densed, commodious, and cheap form, the re- 
sults of^ Kennicott's and De Rossi's labours in 
sacred criticism. 

17. Biblia Hebraica, olim k Chr. Rei- 
neccio edita, nunc demum cum Var. 
Lect. k B. Kennicotto et J. B. De Ros- 
si, edid. J. C. DoEDBRLEiN et J. H. 
Meissnbr. Lips., 1793, 8vo, \5s. ; fine 
paper, 208. 

An excellent substitute for Kennicott's edi- 
tion. ( I .) Editio idem, acceasit G. Chr. Kna])- 
Eii Prsfatio de Edition. Bibliorum Halensi- 
us. Halie, 1818, 8vo, 15s. 

18. Biblia Hebraica di^essit et grav. 
Lectionum Variet. adjeat lo. Jahn. 
Vindob., 1806, 8vo, 4 vols., 36*. ; fine 
paper, 405. ; 4to, 40 copies printed, 60*. 

lliis is perhaps the best and completest edi- 
tion of the Hebrew Bible. 1 he text is that of 
Vander Hooght, very distinctly printed, the 
principal Hebrew points are retained, and the 
poetical parts are metrically arranged. Pro- 
feesor Jahn has long been distinguished for his 
successful cultivation of Oriental literature. 

19. Biblia Hebraica, or the Hebrew 
Scriptures of the O. T. without Points, 
after the Text of Kennicott, with the chief 
various Readings, &c., by B. Booth- 
ROYD, LL.D. rontefract, 1810-6, 4to, 
2 vols., 42*. ; Toy, paper, 60*. 

This edition, in the opinion of Mr. Home, 
is peculiarly interesting to the Hebrew scholar 
and critic, as it contains, in a condensed form. 



I 



15 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



16 



the substance of the most valuable and expen- 
sive works. It is, says Onne, probably the 
most useful Hebrew Bible that has been pub- 
lish^ for common use. The text is very dis- 
tinctly printed. The notes are not often ori- 
ginal, as the author professes to give only a 
selection from the works of the best biblical 
scholars ; but they are generally very judicious 
and appropriate. 

20. Biblia Hebraica Manualia, ad Ex- 
emplar Athianum accurata [k Juda 
D'AllbmandI. Lond., 1828, 12moJ2«. 

This edition, which is strictly a Jewish Bible, 
was printed by the London Society for promot- 
ing Christianity among the Jews. 

21. Biblia Hebraica . . . recensuit, 
Sectionum Prophet, recensum et Explic. 
Clavemque Masor. et Rabbin, addidit 
Aug. Hahn. Lips., 1832, 8vo, 14#. 

A very neat stereotyped edition, princi])ally 
after the text of Vander Hooght. (I.) Biblia 
Hebraica, . . . prajfatus est E. F. C. Rosen- 
Hi'LLER. Lips. 1834, IBmOj 9$, A very neat, 
and well printed pocket edition. 

22. Pentateuchus, Heb. et Gr , recog- 
novit et digessit, Var. Lectiones Notas- 
que Criticas subjunxit, &c. A. Schur- 
MANN. Lips., 1829, 8vo, vol. 1, Genesis, 
15«. 

'23. Book of Genesis, in English-He- 
brew, aciflmpanied by an Interlinear 
Translation, Philol. Notes, and a Gramm. 
Introduction, by William Greenfield, 
M.R.A.S. Second Edition corrected. 
8vo, publ. at Ss. ; or, with the original 
text in Hebrew characters, at 10*. 6d. 

A most valuable elementary work which, 
says the Ilev. R. W. Jelf. * should be in the 
hands of all self-taught students,' 

24. Liber Jobi, cum nova Versione et 

Comment, perpetuo, edidit Alb. Schul- 

TEN8. Lug. Bat. 1737, 4to, 2 vols., 

31*. 6rf. 

A learned and elaborate work. (1.) Alb. 
ScHULTENSii Comment, in Jobum, in Compen- 
dium redactus, cum Observ. criticis et exege- 
ticis G. J. L. VooEL. UalcB. 1773, 8vo, 2 vols., 
12i. Schultens* work may be advantageously 
consulted by scholars ; he applies his Arabic 
knowledge to the illustration of difficult allu- 
sions in the book of Job, and in the book of 
Proverbs, sometimes felicitously. It is now 
generally admitted, says Orme, * that he carried 
his notions of the advantage of Arabic learning 
to the interpretation of the Scriptures too far.* 

25. Liber Jobi in Versiculos metrice 
divisus, cum Vers. Lat. Alb. Schultens 
notisque ex ejus Commentario excerptis, 
edidit atque Adnot. suas adjecit Ric. 
Grey. Lond., 1742, 8vo, 6s. 

A learned and valuable work, in which Dr. 
Grey adopts the metrical arrangement of Bp. 
Hare. (I.) An Answer to Mr. [afterwards 
Bishop] Warburton's Remarks, so far as they 



concern the Prefinoe to a late edition of the 
Book of Job, by Richard Grey. Lond., 1744, 
8vo,25.6rf, 

26. Vict. Bvthnbri Lyra DaWdis 
Regis, sive Analysis critico-practica 
Ps^morum; qua Voces Kbrseae tacpii- 
cantur, ac consensus Teztus Sacri cum 
Paraphrasi Chaldaica ac Septuaginta 
Virorum interpretatione Grseca mon- 
stratur. Glasg., 1821, 8vo, ISs, 

Bvthner's Lyra Prophetica has been for 
nearly two centuries, and is still, the very best 
work on the Psalms. * The number of Hebrew 
radical words is 1867 j of these 1184 occur in 
the Psalms : it is plam then, that a thorou^ 
knowledge of the Psalms very nearlv amounts 
to a thorough knowledge of the language.' 
Former editions appeared in 1650, t664, ^c, 
4to, 16s. each. (1.) Vict Bythneri Lyra Pro- 
phetica in Epitomen redacta, studio Dan. Ro- 
bertson. Edinb., 1818, 8vo. &. (2.) The 
Lyre of David, or Analysis of the Psalms in 
Hebrew critical and practical, with a Hebrew 
and Chaldee Grammar, by V. Bythner, transl. 
by the Rev. Thomas Dee, A.B., &c. : to which 
are added, by the Translator, Tables of the 
Imperfect Verbs, and a Praxis of the first eight 
Psalms. 8vo, publ. at 24«. In this transla- 
tion, much unnecessary matter is omitted, and 
several judicious additions made. 

27. Liber Psalmorum, Hebr. et Lat., in 

Versiculos metrice divisus, cum Dissert. 

de antiquo Hebneonim Poesi ; adj. sunt 

Poeaeos Hebr. Specimina, curs, et studio 

Franc. Hare. Lond., 1736, 8vo, 2 vols., 

9s. 

Bp. Hare argues that the Psalms are con- 
structed on similar principles with Greek end 
Latin verse. His hypothesis met with an able 
antagonist in Bp. Lowth, and a defender in Dr. 
Thomas Edwands. 

28. Liber Psalmorum Hebraic^, cum 
Punctis Vocalibus et Accentualibus, ut 
et cum Notis Keri et Kethib, et Literis 
majusc. et minusc. secundum ipsas No- 
tas Masorethicas ; item Liber Lamenta- 
tioniun Jeremise, studio Guil. Robert- 
son. Cant., 1685, 12mo, 3^. 6d. 

(1.) The Hebrew Psalter, from the text of 
E. Vander Hooght, compared with the editions 
of Foster, Kennicott, &c., by George OrroR. 
Lond., 1823, 12mo, 3s. 6d, A useful book for 
learners. 

(2.) Liber Psalmorum: ad Editlonera 
Hooghtianem accuratiasime adornatus. 3«. 

(3.) The Psalms of David in Hebrew, with 
Pomts, from the Text of Joseph Athias. 12xuo, 
2«. 6d., 32mo, 2*. 6d. Published by the Lon- 
don Society for Promoting Christianity among 
the Jews. 

(4.) The Book of Psalms without Points, 
from the edition of Vander Hooght, with a Key, 
Grammar, Literal English Version^and Lexicon 
upon an improved Plan, by John Rfid, M. I>., 
Glasgow, 1821, 8vo, publ. at IS*. This work is 
chiefly designed to assist in the acquisition of 



i: 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



18 



the Hebrew hnyiyc« 1'he Hebrew is accu- 
nlelf prialed, uEe fiig^iah vosion is literal, the 
pacuiar mode of poindii^ adopted is somewhat 
perplexing, and the arrangement of the lexicon 
MshlesoiDeforoonsaltation. The Psalter, with- 
oat the Kej or English Version, is sold at As, ; 
the Gitnmar, at 2f. ; the Grammar and Dic- 
tionary, at 8t. 

29* Pttlms in Hebrew, metrically ar- 
nmgedy with Selections from the varions 
Readings of Kennicott and De Rossi, 
and firmn the ancient Versions, by J. 
RoGEBS, M.A. Oxford, 1833, 12mo, 
pnbLat lOf. 

Ab excellent work. The author has pre- 
vioosl^ published Remarks on Bp. Lowth's 
Piincmles of Correction in the Hebrew Text. 
Lend., 1832, Bvo, Is. 6d. 

30. Pentateuchns Hebneo-Samarita- 
nns, charactere Hebraico-Chaldaico edi- 
tot, cora et studio Benj. Blaynbt, 
S.T.P. OzcHL, 1790, 8vo, 6#. 

The text of the Hebr»o-Samaritaa Penta- 
teoeh, printed in Bishop Walton's Polyglot, 
was tdopbcd as the basis of this edition, to which 
m% added Tarious readings from Dr. Kenni- 
c«tt*s Hebrew Bible. 

31. Novum Testamentmn, GrsDce et 
LAtine. Compluti, 1514. 

This edition, print^ in the Complutensian 
Pohrglot, was not published till 1517. Emesti 
obsNTes, from the three primary editions, viz., 
the Complutensian, that of Erasmus, ana that 
of Beza, all suooeeding ecfitions have been de- 
nved; aome containing improvements, and 
odMn bebg mere reprints. 

32. Novum Instnunentum omne dili- 
genter a Dea. Erasmo recognitimi et 
fgnendatum. Basil., 1516, fol., 63#. 

FbiteditionipnbKshed by Erasmus, with the 
asMiaaoe of (Ecokmpadius, Capito, and Ger- 
bciiak (h) Editio secunda. Basil, 1519. 
kL, ISs. The text of the editions of 1619 and 
ItfQ was ahered from the Fathers princinally, 
thoai^ a km odier mas. were also employed. 
^JEd^ lertk. BasU.. 1522, fol., 21s. In 
mis third edKiou the remarkably disputed 
voie, 1 John v. 7, was first inserted. The most 
eorreec of Erasmus' editions are those of 1516, 
U^ (3.) Editio quarts. Basil., 1527. fol.. 
Ifiib In this fourth edition the tejct is alterea 
from the Complutenaian, which alterations are 
cmuDcnted by Mill. (4.) Editio altera. Ba- 
■L, 1595, feL, 15s. All Erasmus' editions are 
Biueh esteemed, notwithrtanding their fauHs, 
and in some respects they are considered as 
equal to mss. A vindication of Erasmus 
firoB the charges of Griesbach will be found 
IB Nolan's Inquiry into the Integrity of the 
Greek Vulgate. 

33. Novum Testamentum, Greece. 

IS18. See coL 27» no. 2. 

E m c ui obeervea, vpon the whole, Aldus fol* 
km% Erasmus, but diners from him in about a 
hundred places. 



34. Novum Testamentum, Ghraece. 
Hagenoe, 1521, 4to, 25#. 

Luther in his version generally, it is satd, fol- 
lowed the Haguenan edition of 1521, thouffh 
some confidently maintain he used the first edi- 
tion of Erasmus. 

35. Novum Testamentum Gnecum. 
Paris., 1534, sm. 8vo, 8«. 

This edition, orinted by Simon Colinaeus, is 
valued for its oeauty and accuracy. It was 
corrected by Rob. Stephens. 

36. Novum Testamentum, Gnece. Lu- 
tet., ex Officina Rob. Stephani, 1546» 
l6mo, lOs, 6d, 

This, from the commencement of the pre- 
face called the ' O mirificam' edition, contains, it 
is said, only fourteen errors. ( 1 .) Editio secim- 
da. Lutet, 1549, 16mo,8«. (2.) Editio ter- 
tia. Lutet, 1550, fol., 40s. In this third, and 
generally considered immaculate edition, Ste- 
phens follows Erasmus' last of 1535, with 
very little variation. It is considered a chef- 
d'oeuvre of splendid ^rpography, and cele- 
brated as containing tne first collection of 
various readings. (3.) Editio quarta. Genev., 
1551, Bvo, 8s. The first edition in which the 
division into verses, or lesser portions was in- 
troduced. It is very carelessly done, being 
performed by Robert Stephens, in the course 
of his reading, while travelling on horseback. 
The edition likewise contains thie Vulgate nnd 
Erasmus' Latin version. The char :ter of Robert 
Stephens, as an editOT of the Greek Testament, 
is vindicated by the Rev. C. P. Greswell in 
his View of the early Parisian Gredi Press, 
and by the Rev. Francis Huyshe in a series 
of papers inserted in the British Magazine for 

37. Novum Testamentum cujus Grse- 
co contextui respondent Interpretationes 
duse, \ma vetus, altera Theod. Bezjs^ 
cum T. Bezae Annotationibus ; accessit 
etiam Joach. Camerarii in Novum 
Foedus Ck)mmentariu8. Cantab., 1642, 
fol., 20;. 

Best edition— the first appeared in 1565 — 
that of 1559 was merely a reprint of Stephens' 
fourth edition. Dr. Doodridge observes, 
' Beza is undoubtedly the best critic on the 
Greek language of any commentator we have. 
There is no translation that I know of equal to 
his : and his remarks on Erasmus and the vul- 
gar Latin are wrought up to the utmost decree of 
exactness. On the whole it is an invsluable 
treasure, and deserves to be read with the ut- 
most attention.' The grammatical and critical 
commentaries are very valuable. 

38. Novi Testament! libri omnes, 
Grsece. Lugd. Bat., ex Offic. Elzevir., 
1624, sm. 12mo, lOs. 6d, 

Usually denominated the ' textus receptus.' 
Emesti observes that, ' the text, through the 
prevalent want of knowledge on such matters, 
for a long time possessed so much authority, 
that those who departed from it incurred the 
chu|pe of vitiating the very words of the Holy 
Spint.' According to Bp. Marsh, 'it was 

c 



19 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



20 



copied from Beza's text, except in about fifty 
places ; and in these places the readings were 
borrowed partly from tne various reading in Ste- 
phens' margin, partly from other editions, but 
certainly not from Greek manuscripts.' (1.) 
Editio altera. LeidsB, 1633, 12mo. 6i. Of the 
various reprints of the Elzevir coition this is 
the best, and is the firstthat has the text divided 
into separate verses. 

39. Novum Testamentum, studio et 
labore Stephani CuRCELLiSi. Amst., 
1658, 12mo, 58. 

'Editio socinizans.' Curcellaeus, says Er- 
nest!, appears in his selection of readings, to 
have favoured the Socinians, and was supposed 
even to have forged readings in their fa«half. 
The edition, however, is in repute for beauty 
and accuracy, and was reprinted in 1673, 1685, 
and 1699. 

40. Novum Testamentum Greecum, 
cum Lectionibus variantibus mss. Ex- 
emplarum, Versionum, Editionum, SS. 
Patrum et Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum, 
et in easdem notis, studio et labore 
Jo. MiLLii, S.T.P. Oxon., e Theatro 
Sheldon.^ 1707, fol.^ 188. ; 1. p., 308. 

A beautiful edition, justly, says Ernesti, de- 
signated by Fabricius to be a work of admi- 
rable industry and judgment. The first rank, 
as a critical editor, must be griven to Mill. The 
prolegomena contain a treasure of sacred criti- 
cism, much of which is not to be found in Wet- 
•tein« (1.) N. T. G., edente L. Kustero. 
Roterod., 1710, fol., 24j. This, in point of accu- 
racy is oonsidored mferior to that of Dr. Mill, 
but it has the reading of twelve additional mss. 
Some copies are dated 1723, odiers 1746. (2.) 
Examen variarum Lectionum Jo. Millii, S.T.P. 
in N. T., opera et studio Dan. Whitby, S.T.P. 
Lond., 1710, 8vo, 4s. 6d. Whitby, says Er- 
nesti, treated the whole subject with great weak- 
ness, and as &r as in hmi lav, introduced a 
scepticism most favourable to the views of the 
Romanists. His Examen is likewise severely 
censured by Michaelis in his Introduction to 
the N. T. Another edition of the Examen, by 
Havercamp, appeared in 1733, and it was also an- 
nexed to Dr. Whitby's Commentary. (3.) In- 
dex Librorummss. Grecorum et Versionum an- 
tiquarum Novi Foederis, quos J. Millius et L. 
Kusterus cum tertia editione Stephanica con- 
tulerunt, studio Jos. Hallett. Lond., 1728, 
8vo, 4s. 6d. This index by the Rev. Joseph 
Hallett, jun. is calculated to render the edition 
more easy of reference. (4.) C. A. Book 
Pseudo-critica Mfllio-Bengeliana, qua Allega- 
tiones pro variis N. T. Lectionibus refutantur. 
Hale, 1767. 8vo, 2 vols., lOi. The design of 
Professor Bode is to correct the defects and 
mistakes of those eminent critics. Mill and Ben- 
gal. Mr. Home observes, that Bode is con- 
sidered bv his countrymen as a man of most 
extensive learning, but totally destitute of ele- 
gance as a writer. 

41. New Testament, in Greek and 
English, with Notes and various Read- 
ings [by W. Macs, M.D.]. London, 
1729, 8vo, 2 vols., 12«. 



The editor has boldlv altered various pM- 
sagea in conformity with the Arian hvpotbesis. 
n.) A critical Examination of the kte New 
Text and Veraion of the Greek Testament, by 
Leonard Twells, D.D. London, 1732, 8vo, 
3 pts. in 1 vol.,4f. 6d, Michaelis has also severely 
censured the very great liberties taken by Mace. 

42. Novum Testamentiun Grsecum, 
edente Jo. Alb. Bbngblio. Tubingae, 
1734, 4to, 168. 

An excellent edition, formed with an extra- 
ordinary degree of conscientiousness, sound 
judgment, and good taste. It was intended to 
contain the cream of the best reading, selected 
from printed copies only. Emesti observes, 
that the selection of readings was neglected and 
sometimes altered by the editor in his Gnomon. 
(l.)N.T.G. TubmgiB, 1763, 4to, 20i. This 
rejirint has some important corrections and ad- 
ditions. The learned editor likewise published 
an Apparatus Criticus in N. T., and a Gno- 
mon Novi Testament!, wtdch frequently ac- 
company his Greek Testament 

43. Novum Testamentum Gnecom 
editionis receptee, cumLect. variant. C6d. 
mss.. Edit, aliarum. Vers, et Patrum, 
necnon Comment, pleniore ex Script, 
veter., Heb., Gr., et Lat., historiam et 
vim verborum illustrante, opera et studio 
Jo. Jac. Wbtstbnii. Amst., 1751-2, 
foL, 2 vols., £9 98. 

Of all the editions of the New Testament 
this is pronounced by Michaelis to be the 
most important, and the most necessary to those 
who are engfaged in sacred criticism. Almost 
everv modern commentator of note has largely 
availed himself of the labours of that moat 
diligent of critics, Wetstein. (1.) Editio al- 
tera, aucta et emendata, curante J. A. Lorxx. 
Vol. I , Quatuor Evangehacomplectens. RotcatL, 
1831, roy. 4to, 205. This reprint was unlbrtn- 
nately abandoned owing to the death of the 
learned editor. The volume, however, from 
the numerous corrections and valuable additions 
which it contains, may be considered as an in- 
dispensable accompaniment to Wetstein's edi- 
tion. (2.) Jo. Jac Wetstenii Prolegomena ad 
N. T., Notas, etc. adjecit J. S. Sbmler. Halae, 
1764, 8yo, lOs. (3.) Jo. Jac. WETSTXim LibeUi 
ad Crisin atque interpretationem N. T. ; adhecta 
est Recensio Introductionis Bengelii ad Crisin 
N. T., atque Gloc. Ridley Dissertatio de 
Svriacarum Novi Foederis Indole atque Usu, 
illustravit Jo.SaL SxMLEa. Hals Ma^, 1766, 
8vo, 5f. Weststein's rules for judging of va- 
rious readings are given with greet cleameK 
and precision, and tne whole, according to Bi- 
shop Marsh, is a ' publication which should be 
in tne hands of every critic' Emesti obaenres, 
' those who wish for an accurate knowledsra of 
editions must consult Mill. Bengel, and Wet- 
stein.' See also Masch's edition of Le Loog's 
Bibliotheca Sacra. 

44. Novum Testamentum Graecam ad 
fidem Gr. solum MSS. ntmc primum ex- 
pressum, adstipulante J. J. Wetstenio. 
juxta sectiones Alb. Bengelii divisum, 
et nova Interpunctione 8»pius illustra- 



31 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



22 



tmn: access. Emendationes conjectorales 
Tvonnndoctorum. Lond., 6. B[owyer], 
1763, 12iDO» 2 vols., 12f. 

A vtry valuable edition. (1.) N. T. G. Lond., 
im, 12mo, 2 vols.^ 9$, This edition in point 
of aceuracy » inienor to the former. 

45. Novum Testamentum, cum Scho- 
Bistheol.etphiloL [edente Sam. Hardy]. 
Loud., 1769, 8vo, 2 vols., 10«. 

A very atefnl conipanion to biblical studenta. 
Tbe Dotca are chiefly extracted from Poole's 
Synopn. ( 1.) Editio altera. Lond., 1776, 8vo, 
tw^iL, 12*. (2.) NoTum Testamentum. Lond., 
)(Q0,evo,2vok, I8f. This, the third edition, 
■ the most ooRect and elegant. 

46. Novum Testamentum Grnece, ad &- 
dem Codicum, Versionum, et Patrum re- 
censoit et Lect. Variet. adjecit D. lo. lac. 
GaiESBACH. Halse, 1775-7, 8vo, 2 vols. 

Griesbach't edition formed a new era in the 

criticism of the N. T. ( 1.) Novum Testamen- 

tain Gnece. Editio secunda. Lond. et Hal. 

Sax., 1796-1806. 8vo, 2 vols., 24f.; I. p., 42i.; 

^ Only fifty copies printed. Mr. Home ob- 

Krves, * notwithstanding the different ojnnions 

wiatKned by some learned men relative to the 

eorrectnesB of Dr. Griesbach's system of recen- 

•i(ae or editions of manuscripts, all parties have 

loited bk commendation of the learning, dili- 

fenee, and labour which he bestowed upon his 

ifduous undertaking.' Bishop Marsh in his 

Divinity Leetnres has griven a lugh character 

sfGrieabach's labours. (2.) Nov. Test., Gnece. 

LqhL, 1809, 8vo, 2 vols.^ 18«. This reprint of 

Gciesboch's teosmd edition is printed m longr 

fiaei, and the notes in columns, and Griesbach^ 

iddenda of various reafihngs are inserted in their 

jnptf places. (3.) Editio altera. Lond., 1818, 

ovo, 2 vols., 2Qi. This reprint possesses some 

■dvaalagcs even over Griesbach s ovm second 

c^tioa, particularly a sjrnoptical table indi- 

cstof the differences of some readings in 

Gncnach*s Halle and Leipsic editions. (40 

Kovna Testamentum, Gnece, ex recens. J. J. 

GmsBAciin, cum selecta Lectionum Varietate. 

Iipas,1803.7jfoL,4vols.in2,73i.6(f. A most 

"■Bptaons edition, with frontispieces exquisitely 

CBptved. The text is formed chiefly on that 

*f Ghobach's second edition, and on that of 

KBt|»p, At the foot of the page are some select 

JviiMi readings. (5.) Novum Testamentum 

Grace, ex recens. Griesbachii, nova Latina 

«mioae illnstratum, Indice brevi precipus 

l^etiooam et Interpretstionum Diversitatis in- 

*Wam. edidit H. A. Schott. Lips., 1806, 

«^,4f. 6^ (6.) Editio secunda. Lip6iae,181t, 

^,6u (7.) Editio tertia. Lipsias, 18*2.S 

^t 7i. The Latin version in this third 

J^Qon p r ofei s ts to be so much corrected, as to 

w ia eflect a new translation. (8.) Novum 

Tcrtsmentom, Gnece, Editionem tertiam emen* 

^Om ct auctam curavit D. David Schulz. 

< oL 1, Quatuor Evangelia complectens. Berol., 

|W7^8vo, 7i. 6rf. The typoj^raphical execution 

n dus much-improved coition is more commo- 

6aa than thst of Grieebach's second edition. 

>W text is printed in long lines, and the notes 

■* ^nj distinctly exhibited in two columns, 

*^ Bote fonaing a distinct paragraph. 



47. New Testament collated with the 
most approved MSS., with select Notes 
in Engbsh, and References to those 
authors who have best illustrated the 
Sacred Writings, by £dw. Harwood, 
D.p. Lond., 1776, 12mo, 2 vols., \0s. 6d, 

Bishop Marsh observes that this edition is 
certainly entitled to a place among the critical 
editions of the New Testament. Dr. Harwood 
favoured the Socinian scheme, and admitted or 
rejected a variety of reading, according as they 
favour or oppose that doctnne. Subjoined is a 
View of the principal Editions of the Greek 
Testament, and the principal Commentators 
and Critics upon it (f .) The New Testament. 
Lond., 1784, Timo, 2 vols., lOf. 6d. 

48. Novum Testamentum Grsece, per- 
petua Annotatione illustratum a J. B. 
KoppB, &c. Gottingse, 1778-1826, 8vo, 
vols. 3 — 10, 735. 6d, 

Mr. Home observes that the notes on this 
excellent edition are precisely of the kind which 
are to be found in the best critical editions of 
the classics. Their sole object is, to enable the 
reader distinctly and accurately to apprehend 
the meaning of the origrinal writers. 

49. Noviun Testamentimi, Ghr. et Lat., 
Textum denuo recensuit, Varias Lec- 
tiones coUegit, Scholia Graeca addidit, 
Animadv. criticas adjecit et edidit C. F. 
MATTHiBi. Rig«, 1782-8, 8vo, 12 vols., 
62*. 6d. 

The late Bishop Middleton considered this 
by far the best edition of the Greek Testament 
extant Respecting it, consult the remarks of 
Michaelis in the Biblioth. Or. P., xx, p. 107, 
seq., and of Eichhom in the BiblioUi. ot Bibl. 
Univ., ii, 302. (1.) Novum Testamentum 
Grsce ad Codices Mosquenses. &c &c. &c. 
edidit C. F. Matthju. Witteb. &c., 1803, 6, 7, 
8vo, vols. I, 2, 3, 15i. In this, entitled the 
compendious edition, the various readings are 
at the foot of each page, and the critical an- 
notations are placed at the end of the volume. 

50. Novum Testamentum Grsecum e 
Cod. ms. Alexandrino descriptum a Car. 
God. WoiDE. Lond., 1786, fol., 40*. 

An elegant fac simile edition of the Alex- 
andrian ms. Twelve copies were printed on 
vellum. (1.) Appendix . . . , in qua conti- 
nentur Fragmenta Novi Testamenti, juxta In- 
terpr. Dialecti Superioris iCgypti, quae The- 
baica vel Sahidica appellatur, cum Disserta- 
tione de Versione iEgyptiaca. ouibus subiicitur 
Cod. Vaticani Collatio [edente H. Ford, D.D.I. 
Oxon., e Typogr. Clareod., 1799, fol., 3li. W. 
The Vatican and Alexandrine mss. are reckoned 
the most ancient now exibting.—Kmesti. (2.) 
Car. God. Woidii Notitia Codicis Alex., cum 
variis ejus Lect omnibus. Notes adjecit God. 
Leb. Spohn. Lipsie, 1790, 8vo, 4s. 

51. Novum Testamentum Gnecum, 

ad Cod. Vindob. Gnece ezpressum ; Va- 

rietatem Lectionis addidit r . C. Alter. 

1786-7, 8vo, 2 vols., 18*. 
This edition, which differs from those of 



13 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



34 



Mill^ Wetotein tnd Grietbtcb, is, in the 
opimon of Michaelis, a work with which no one 
engaged in sacred criticism can dispense. 

62. Novum Testamentum Gnece, re- 

cogn. et insign. Lectionum Variet. et 

A^;iimentonun Notat subjecit G. C. 

Knappius. Halse, 1797, 8vo, 6«. 

K nappe's edition was commended by Gries- 
bach. 'I'he divisions of the text are pcNSuliarly 
radicious : it is accurately printed, in a cheap 
lonn, ana altogether suitable for the ordinary 
use of students. His preface is excel lent ( 1.) 
Editio secunda. Hals, 1813, Bvo, 2 voK, Is. 
(2.) N. T. G. Halae, 1824, 8vo, 2 vols., Is. 
(3.) N. T. G. Lond., 1824, 8vo, 2 vols., 6s. 
Printed in a bold large type. (4.) N. T. G. 
Hals, 1829^ 8vo, 2 vols., 12<. This fourth 
edition is revised with great care, and the ad- 
ditions at the end are arranged in a more con- 
venient form. See no. 66, col. 25. 

53. Novum Testamentimi, Greece, 
Lectiones variantes, Giiesbachii judicio, 
lis quas textus receptus exhibet anteuo- 
nendas vel lequiparaDdas, adjecit Jos. 
White, S. T. P., &c. Oxon., e Typogr. 
Clarend., 1808, crown 8vo, 2 vols., 10*. 

A very neat and accurate edition. (1 .) Cri- 
seos Griesbachianie in N. T. Synopsis, edidit 
Jos. WniiB, S. T. P. Oxonii, 1811, Bvo, 6s. 
This book, which contains all the variations of 
any consequence, which can be considered as 
established, or even rendered probable, bv the 
investigation of Griesbach, may be considered 
as a kind of supplement to Dr. White's edition 
of the Greek Testament. 

54. Novum Testamentum Grsecum, 

juxta Exemplar Wetstenii, Glasguse, eC 

J. J. Griesbachii, Hals impressum : ac- 

cedunt Prol^omena in Evangelia, in 

Acta, et in l^btolas Apostolorum, ac- 

curante Gul. Whitfield Dakins. Lond., 

1808, royal 8vo, 5s. 

Editio stereotypa. Subsequent editions have 
appeared in 12mo. 

56. Novum Testamentum, cimi Notis 
Theolo^cis et Philologicia [edente E. 
ValpyJ. Londini, 1816, 8vo, 3 vols., 
ISs. ; laige paper, 24s. 

A valuable auxiliary to sacred studies. (1.^ 
The New Testament, with English Notes, cn- 
tiod, philological, and explanatory [by the 
Rev. E. Valpy, B.D.J. A new edition [greatlv 
improved]. London, 1826, 8vo, 3 vols.2lf. (2.) 
A new Edition. London, 1831, 8vo, 3 vols., 
36f . This edition is superior to that of 1826. 

66. Novum Teatamentum Manuale. 

Glaeg. ex Prdo Academico, 1821, 3amo, 

5s. 

This edition is beautifully printed, without 
contractions, on the finest bine tinted writing 
paper, and will be found extremely accurate, 
having been carefully read six times in passing 
through the press. 

57. Novum Testamentum Grseco-La- 



tinum, Vulffat. Inter]^. Lat 
Clementis VIII. 6r»co Textui ad Edi- 
tionem Complutensem diligent, expresso 
e regione opposita, studio et cura Petri 
Aloysii Gratz. Tubingae, 1821-8, 8vo, 
2 vols., l6s. ; fine paper, 24s. 

Mr. Home considers tnis edition an aooept- 
able present to the Bibhcal Critic 

58. Novum Testamentum, Textom 
GrsecumGriesbachii et Knappii denuore- 
coffnovit, Delectu Varietatum Lectionis, 
Adnotatione et Indicibus instruxit Jo. 
Sever. Vateb, Theol. Doct. HaL Sax., 
1824, 8vo, 6s. ; fine paper, I2s. 

A practical edition equally adapted lo the 
lecture room and to the private study. Mr. 
Bickersteth pronounces it to be a uscsul and 
comprehensive edition, more comprehensive 
than Mill's, Griesbach's, or Dr. Knapp's. 

59. Sdentia BibHca ; being a copious 
Collection of Parallel Passages, for the 
illustration of the New Testament, 
printed in words at length, the whole so 
arranged as to illustrate and confirm the 
different clauses of each verse : tog^her 
with the text at large, in Greek and 
English, the various readings and the 
chronology. London, 1 826, 8vo., 3 viAB., 
30s. ; TOj, paper, 60s. 

The desii^ of this work is to expound Scrip- 
ture by Scripture : with this view the difiereol 
verses of the N. T. are neatly printed by them> 
selves in Greek and English ; and bebw them 
b placed, in words at length, a newselectioo of 
parallel references. 

60. Novum Testamentum: accedunt 
Parallda S. Scripturse Loca, necnon Ve- 
tus Capitulonun Notatio et Canones 
Eusebii. Oxon., eTypog. Clarend., 1828, 
roy. 18mo, 7s. 6d. 

This commodious edition was superintended 
by Dr. Charles Lloyd, Bishop of Oxford, for 
the use of junior biblii^ students. (1.) EditiD 
altera. Oxon., 1830, roy. 18mo, 7«. 6rf. 

6 1 . Novum Testamentmn ad ExempUr 
Millianum, ctmi Emendat. et Lection. 
Griesbachii, praedpuis vodbus elliptidi^ 
thematibus omnium vocum difiiciliomm, 
atque locis scriptune parallelis, studio et 
labore Gul. Grbbnpikld. LondL, 1899> 
48mo, 7s. 

A very portable and neatly executed mannal 
edition of tlie New Testament (1.) The Poly- 
micrian Lexicon to the New Testament, by 
Wm.GRXENFiSLD. Lood., 18^, 48mo. 

62. Novum Testamentum Greece, Tex- 
tum ad fidem Testium Criticorum recen- 
suit. See. &c. Dr. J. Mart. August. 
ScHOLZ. Laps., 1830-6, 4to, 3 vols., 60f. 

A most valuable and arduous undertaking on 
which the learned editor devoted twelve years 
of incessant labour. It contains the variow 



ts 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



36 



•! ^4 BMis of which 893 ha^e for 

die irk thne been collated by Dr. Schoh. 
CopioQt prolegomena are prefixed, which con- 
tuna trearare of sacred criticism. 

63. NoTom Testamentum Gnece, nova 
Vemone Latina donatuniy ad optimas 
recennones expTessum, eelectis Vaiiia 
Leetioiiibita perpetooqae tingulamm li- 
hramm Argumento mstructum, edidit 
M. Fred. Aug. Adolphe Nasbk. lips., 
1831» 8to, 9s. 

This edition la conmiended in the Foreign 
Qoarterly Review, vol. viii p. 497. 

64. Greek Testament, with English 
Notes, hj the Rev. Edward Burton, 
D.D. Oxford, 1831, 8vo, 2 vols., publ. 
Bt30t. 

The text of this edition is adopted from that 
«f Babop Lloyd*s, the marginal references are 
vonr vafattble, and the notes are partly explana- 
tory and philological, and partly critical on the 
various readings occurring in the New Testa- 



65. Greek Testament, with English 
Notes, critiGal, pbiloloffical, and ezege- 
lical, bv the Rev. S. T. Blooii pibld, 
D.D. Camb., 1832, 8vo, 2 vols., pubL at 
36f. A Second with Additions, in 1836, 
at 40s. 

Dr. BioomfieJd's edition is considered the 
MMt vabable that has yet httn issued from 
ibe press of this country, and 'thouorh less 
sni ti ble for the novice, will be invaluable to all 
whose profesBon rec^uires, or whose leisure 
adanti of a more critical study of the Sacred 
Writnn.' (1.) The Greek Testament, with 
English Notes, Grammatical, Scholastic, and 
tkaiuOij, by the Rev. S. T. Bloompibld, 
DJ). London, 1837, 13mo, pub. at I3f. An 
txeeOent compendium or epitome of Dr. Bloom- 
idd'slargerureekTestament.espeoially formed 
wr the use of schoob, and adapted to serve as 
a esuveuieut and portable manual for lecture- 
^^ t eoUege-chapels, and other places of 
««ihip. As a manual, it has great advantages 
me Testaments of Hardy and Valpy. 



66. Novum Testamentom, Gr. et Lat, 
fx recens. Knapp., adjectis variis et 
Griesbachii et Ladiinanni Lectt, edidit 
AdolphnsGoBSCHBN. Iips]«,1832,8vo. 

The Latin version of this manual edition is 
Me and fiuthiul. and at the end of the volume 
■ a chronological table. 

67. Qnatnor Evangelia, Grsece, cum 
^iriantibus a textu Lcctionibus Codd. 
BUS. Bibhothecac Vaticanse ; &c. quibus 
•coedimt Lectiones Versiommi Syrarum 
Veceris, Philoxenianae, et Hierosolymi- 
tMBot, edicht And. Birch. Hauniae, 1788, 
<tOkl8«; fol., 30«. 

Ika edition is of the highest value on account 
•f As varioos readings collected from the Vati- 
cso, Escurial, and Copenhagen mss., and from 
tv PhiloxeniaB and Jerusalem versions. A de- 



tailedaccountof thenamereiismss.eollaled (130 
in number^ will be found in the proleffomena. 
(1.) VansB Lectiones ad textum Actorum 
Apostolorttm, Epistolarum Catholicarum et 
Pauli, e Codd. Gr. mss. Bibliothecs Vati- 
cane, Barberins, £cc. collects et edits ab And. 
BiBCB, Theol. D. et Prof. Haunis, 1798, 8vo, 
7<. (2.) Varis Lectiones ad Apocalypsin col- 
lects et edits ab And. Bibch. Haums, 1800, 
8vo, 5t. (3.) Varis Lectiones ad Textum I V 
Evangeliorum e Codd. mss. iterum recognits 
et quamplurinus accessionibus aucts, ab And. 
Birch. Haunis, 1801, 8vo, 5f. 

68. Codex Theodori Bbzjb, Evangelia 
et Acta Apostolorum complectens, qua- 
dratis litens, Grseco-Latinus, edidit, codi- 
cis historiam prcefixit, notasque adjecit, 
Tho. Kipling, S.T.P. Cantab., e Prelo 
Academico, 1793, fol., 2 vols., 73«. 6d. 

This fiac-simile is executed with the utmost 
typographical splendour and accuracy. It was 
attacked with severity in the Monthly Review, 
N. S. xii, 241-6. (1.) Remarks on Dr. Kip- 
ling's Prerace to Beza, Part the first, by Thomas 
£dward8, LL.D. London, 1793, 8vo, 2f. 6d. 

69. Quatuor N. T. Evangelia, recen- 
suit et cum Comment, perpet. edidit 
C. F. A. Fritzsche. Lips., 1825-30, 
8vo, vols. 1 et 2, 20«. 

Fritzsche, says Dr. Bloomfield, ii a disciple 
worthy of his master, the great Hermann, and 
an accomplished philologist ; but the prouxitj 
and excursiveness of his commentary render it 
unfit for academical or general use. The Rev. 
T. U. Home observes, the grammatical mean- 
ing of words is admirably investigated; but the 
theological interpretations are in the very worst 
style of the neologian school of Germany. 

70. Evangelium secundum Matthsettm, 
ex Cod. rescripto in Bibliotheca CoH 
SS. Trinitatis juzta Dublin, descnptum, 
opera et studio Jo. Barrktt, S.T.P. 
&c., cui adjungitur Appendix Collationcm 
Cod. Montfort. complectens. Dublini^ 

1801, 4to, I5s. 

A truly elegant volume, with sixty-four fiic- 
simile plates. 

71. Acta Apostolorum, Gneco-Latina, 
Ldtteris majusculis, e Codice Laudiano 
Characteribus Uncialibus exarato, edidit 
Tho. HsARNius, A.M. qui et Symbolum 
Apostolorum ex eodem onlice subjunxit. 
Oxon., 1715, 8vo, £10. 

This is one of the rarest of Heanie*s pubKca- 
tioos. One hundred and twenty copies were 

C'ntedatlOs.each. A description of the Codex 
udianus will be found in the Rev. T. H. 
Home's Introduction. 

72. Acta Apostolorum, Variorum Notis 
tum Dictionem tum Materiam iUustran- 
tibus, suas adjecit Hastings Robinson, 
M.A. Cantabrigise, 1824, 8vo, 6s, 

A neat n^print of Griesbach's texL beneath 
which are critical and philological scholia. 



«r 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



28 



4. ANCIENT VBR8ION8 OP THE HOLY 
SCRIPTURES. 

1. Vetus Testamentum Gnecum, ex 
versione LXX Interpretum. 

The Septuagint first appeared in the Com- 
DlutenBian Polyglot in 1514. ' The book/ says 
Michaelis, * most necessary to be read and un- 
derstood by every man who studies the New 
Testament, is, without doubt, the Septuagint 
which alone has been of more service than all 
tiie passages from the profane authors put to- 
gether. It should be read in the public schools 
by those who are destined for the church, should 
form the subject of a course of lectures at the 
university, and be the constant companion of an 
expositor of the New Testament' The opinion 
of the German professor has been strengthened 
by the practice of Drs. Van Mildert, Lloyd, 
and Burton, who have all recommended it 

2. Sacrae Scripturae Veteris Novseque 

omnia [Gnece]. Venet., 1518, sm. foL, 

63s. 

This Aldine text is pronounced by Bishop 
Walton to be much purer than that in the Com- 
plutensian Polyglot (I.) EditioaltCTafcumLi- 
bris Apocryphis et Lectt Var. edidit lo. Loni- 
CEHusl. Argent J 1536, vel 9, 8vo, 4 vols., 
dOs. This edition is esteemed for its judicious 
punctuation. (2.) Editio altera [cum Pnefa- 
tione Phil. Melancthonis]. Basil., 1545, foL, 
\B$. A correct edition, with some valuable 
various readings. (3.) iiiblia, Grsece et La- 
tine. Basil., 1550, Svo, 5 vols., 31f. 6cf. 'Ihe 
Greek and Latin are placed in opposite colunms ; 
the former from the Aldine text, the latter from 
the Vulgate, as printed in the Complutensi^ 
Polyglot (4.) Divinae Scripture Omnia. 
Francof., 1597, foL, ISf. A neat and cor- 
rected reprint of the edition of 1545, divided 
into verses, and accompanied by various read- 
ings. 

5. Vetus Testamentum Grsecum, jux- 

ta LXX Interpretes, studio Ant. Card. 

CARAPiB, &c.y cum prefationeet scholiis 

P. MoRiNi. Roroae, 1586 vel 7, foL, 

42s, 

A beautiful edition of great rarity and value. 
The copies of the date of 1587, contain ' Cor- 
rigenda in notationibus Psalteni.' (I.) Vetus 
Testamentum secundum LXX Latine reddi- 
tum, additus est Index Dictionum et Loquu- 
tionum Hebr., Gr., Latin, [edente Flam. No- 
Biu]. Roras, 1588, fol.. l5s. This version 
was compiled out of the rragments of the an- 
cient Latin translations, especially the Old 
Italic. (2.) Vetus Testamentum . . . cum 
Scholiis Romans Editionis et Notis : accedit 
Novum Testamentum Gr. cum Versione La- 
tina vulgata, studio lo. Morini. Pans., 1628 
vel 41, fol., 3 vols., 73f. 6d. This reprint 
is valued, not only for its neatness and correct- 
ness, but for the learned notes which accom- 
pany it. 

6. Vetus Testamentum Grsecum, ex 
versione LXX Interpretum. In S. Bib- 
lia Grepca Scholia, &c. Novi Testa- 
menti Libri omnes, Grsece. Lond., 



excud. Rog. Danielf 1653, Svo, 10s, 6d.; 
4to, 15«. 

According to Mr. Home, the editors have 
altered and interpolated the text so as to bring 
it nearer to that of the Hebrew and the modem 
versions. H.) V. Testamentum Gr., juxta 
Exemplar Vatic, [cum Libris Apocrynhis, et 
Pnefatione lo. Pearsoni, Episc Cestr.j. No- 
vum Testamentum et Liturgia, Gnece. Can- 
tab., 1665, 12mo, in 1 vol., 12<. This neat 
edition was twice printed, once by Field in 
1665, and then, in a very inferior manner, by 
John Hayes in 1684, with the original date of 
1665. Bp. Pearson s preface, says Orme, de- 
serves the attention of the biblical scholar. ^2.) 
Vetus Testamentum Gnecum, cum Libris 
Apocryphis. Lips., 1697,8vo, 12i. Thisedition is 
more correct than the London edition, and the 
prolegomena of John Frickius prefixed con- 
tains a critical notice of preceding editions of 
the Septuagrint version. 

7. Vetus Testamentum Gnecum ex 
vers. LXX Interpr., ex ms. Cod. Alex. 
&c. edidit lo. Em Grabs, S.T.P. 
Oxon., 1707-20, folio, 4 vols., 31<. 6d,; 
Svo, 8 vols., 31*. 6d, 

A splendid edition ; the prolegomena of Dr. 
Grabe contain a treasure of saered criticism, 
(1.) Vetus Testamentum . . . nunc vero 
exemplaris Vaticani aliorumque mss. Codd« 
Lection, var. &c. locupletatum, edidit Jo. Jac 
B KEiTiNGER. Tiguri Mcl vct, 1 730-2, 4to,4 vols., 
36«. A correct reprint of Dr. Grabe's edition, 
with valuable additions. The edition is highly 
commended by Michaelis. (2.) Collatio Co- 
dicis Cottoniani Geneseos cum Editione Ko- 
mana a Jo. Em. Grabe olim facta ; nunc de- 
mum summa cura edita ab Henr. Owen. Lon- 
dini, 1778, 8vo, 4i. 

8. Vetus Testamentimi ex vers. LXX 
Interpr., secundum Exemplar Vaticanum, 
una cum Scholiis, Lectionibus, necnon 
Fragmentis, edidit Lamb. Bos. Franeq., 
1709» 4to, 2 vols, in 1, 25«. ; L p., 36s. 

An elegant and accurate edition deservedly 
esteemed. The preface of the editor contaios 
a critical disquisition on the Septuagint versum 
and its utility in sacred criticism, together with 
an account of the editions prior to that of 
Bos. (1.) Vetus Testamentum .... edente 
Dav. Millio. Amst., 1725, 8vo, 2 vols., 16*. 
A reprint of Bos' text, with various readings 
from some mss. at Ley den, which are of ik> 
particular value. (2.) Vetus Testamentum . . . 
ex Editione Lamb. JBos. Oxon., 1805, 8vo, 3 
vols., 21«. 

9. Vetus Testamentum Grseciun ex 
Vers. LXX Interpretum, una cum Li- 
bris Apocryphis, recenstdt, &c. M.Christ. 
Reinbccius. Lips., 1730, Svo, 9'. 

A neat and commodious edition. (1.) Edi- 
tio secunda. Lips., 1757, 8vo,9«. (2.) Vetus 
Testamentum . . . ; accesserunt Libri Apo- 
cryphi. Hale, 1759, 12mo, 6s. An edition 
of little value. 

10. Vetus Testamentum Grsectmi, 



29 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



30 



cnm ranis Lectionibus, edid. Rob. 
UoLUBs et Jac. Parsons. Oxon., e 
Typogr.Clarend., 1798-1827, fol.,5vol8., 
pool. St £16. 16«. in sheets. 

For this vmhiable and splendid edition were 
collated 31 1 mas., the variouB lecdons of which 
are fhren at the toot of the page. In the pre- 
het to the Pentateuch which was completed 
IB 1804, a full account of the nature of the un- 
dertsking* will he found. An extended notice 
tt the ecuti<m is §ri^en in the 2d volume of the 
int series of the Eclectic Review. After the 
kboan of Hohnea, and other learned men, it 
fluinoc l>e hoped that much more will be done 
towards restoring the text of the Septuagint ver- 
■sa. (1.) Jac. AMKRsrooRDT Dissertatio de 
Vsriis Lect. Holmes. Locorum quorundam 
Peatateuchi. Lugd. Bat, 1815, 4to, 5t, 

11. Vetus Testamentum Gnecum ex 
Codms. AlexEDdrino, cura et labore H. 
H. Babkb, A.M. Lond., 1816-28, fol., 
4 Tol8.» publ. at £36. ISs. 

Pmlea at the public expense, under the con- 
trol of the trustees of the British Museum. Ten 
copies were taken off upon vellum, price 184 
fuineoseadi. 

12. Vetus Testamentum ex Vers. LXX 
Interpr. secundum Exemplar Vatic. Ro- 
nue editum : accedunt varise Lectiones 
e Cod. Alex., necnon Introductio J. B. 
Carpzovii. Oxon., 1817, 8vo, 6 vols., 
30t. ; large paper, B4s. 

An accurate and beautifully printed edition. 

13. Vetus Testamentum ex vers. LXX 
Interpr. juxta Exemplar Vatic, ex Edit. 
Hohnesh et Lamb. Bos. Lond., 1819, 
8To,20f. 

A correct edition. (1.) Editio altera. Glasg., 
U32, 12bm>, 3 vols., 18<. A very neat edition. 
(%) Editio nova. Glasg., 1831, 18mo, 2 vols., 
tit. To this reprint the learned preface of 
BSdiop Peanon is prefixed 

14. Pkalterium Graecum e Cod. ms. 
Akxandrino, cura et labore H. H. Ba- 
BEB, A.M. Lond., 1812, fol., 2ls. 

An exact &c-simile with a collation of the 
▼srioM readinffs of the ms. with the Roman 
c^tioQ of the Vatican text of the Septuagint. 
printed in 1587. Twelve copies were printed 
M velhnn. 

15. Daniel secimdimi LXX ex Tetra- 
plis Origenis, e Codice Chisiano annorum 

Ta I3CCC. Rom«, 1772, fol., 18«. 
•pleadid edition. The octavo reprints, at 
Gottmgen in 1774, and at Utrecht in 1775, are 
▼ery inferior. 

16. Hexaplorum Oriobnis quae su- 
pernut, ex MSS. et ex libris editis 
emit et NoCis iUustravit D. Bern, de 
HoirrPAUcoM : accedunt OpusculaquK- 
dsm Oriffenis anecdota, et ad calcem 
lexicon Hebraicum ex Veterum Inter- 
net, condnnatum, itemque Lexicon 



Grsecum et alia. Paris., 1713, fol., 2 vols., 
505. 

The best edition of Origen*8 Hexapla. Origen 
in his Hexapla has published the O. T. in six 
parallel columns : the 1st contains the Hebrew 
text in its proper character : the 2d, the same 
text in Greek characters ; the 3d, the version 
of Aquila ; the 4th, that of Symmachus ; the 
5th^he Septuagint ; and the 6th, the version 
of Theodotion. {],) Hexaplorum Origenis 
quae supersunt, eaidit, Notisque illustr. C. F. 
Baiirdt. Lips., 17e&-70, 8vo, 2 vols., 12#. 
This edition has many omissions, and some un- 
important additions—it derives its value chiefly 
from the rarity and expensiveness of that of 
Montfaucon. 

17. Nova Versio Graeca Pentateucbi, 
ex unico S. Marci Bibliothecse Codice 
Veneto, edid. atque recens. C. F. Am- 
MON. Erlang., 1790-1, 8vo, 3 vols., 15«. 

A valuable edition. (1.) Nova Versio Graeca 
Proverbiorum, Ecclesiastis. Cantici Cantico- 
rum, Ruthi, Threnorum, Danielis, et selecto- 
rum Pentateuchi Locorum, ex unico S. Marci 
BibL Cod. Ven. eruta, et Notulis illustr. a 
T. B. C. D'Ansse de Villoison. Argent. 
1784. 

18. Striae. — ^Vetus Testamentum Sy- 
riace, edidit Samuel Lie, A.M. Lona., 
1823, 4to. 

Printed under the patronage of the Church 
Missionary Society, and at the expense of the 
British and Foreigrn Bible Society. 

19. Novum Testamentum Syriacum, 
ciun Versions Latina, cura et studio lo. 
LiusDBN et Car. Schaap, et variis 
Lectionibus. Secunda Editio a mendis 
repurffata. Lugd. Bat., 1717, 4to, 30s. 

Michaelis pronounces this to be the very best 
edition of the Syriac New Testament. The 
excellent Lexicon which generally accompanies 
it, supplies in some measure the place of a 
concordance. ( 1 .) Textus Sacrorum Evange- 
Uorum Versioms Simplids Syriacae colla^tus 
cum duobus ejusdem vetustis Codd. ms., nec- 
non cum Cod. ms. Commentarii Greg. Bar- 
Hebraei, a Ricardo Jones. Oxon., c Typog. 
Clarend., 1805, 4to. 10i.6d. A necessary ac- 
companiment to Schaafs edition. 

20. Novum Testamentum Syriace. 
Lond., 1816, 4to, 12«. 

A beautiful edition, for the use of the Syrian 
Christians in India, printed at the expense of 
the British and Foreign Bible Society. It was 
superintended by the late Rev. Dr. Buchanan 
and the Rev. Samuel Lee, D.D., Professor of 
Arabic in the University of Cambridge. 

21. Sacrorum Evangeliorum Versio 
Syriaca Pbiloxeniana, ex Codd. mss. 
Ridleianis edita cum Interpr. Lat. et 
Annott. Jos. White. Oxon., e Typog. 
Clarend., 1778, 4to, 2 vols., 24t. 

An esteemed edition. (I.) Actuum Aposto- 
lorum et Epistolarum, tarn Catholicarum quam 
Paulinarum, Versio Syriaca Pbiloxeniana 
. . . cum Interpr. Lat. et Annott. Jos, 



31 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



32 



Whits. Ozon., 1799, 4to, 2 vol8.»24f. A 
necessary accompaniment A learned judg- 
ment on the ments of the Philoxenian version 
win be found in Eicbhom's Repertorium, vii. 
1, See It was made by Polycarp, the rural 
bishop to Phibzenus, Bp. of Hierapolis, from 
488to;5ia 

22. Nori Teatamcnti Versionee Syri- 
Bcse, Simplex, Fbilozeniana et Hieroso- 
lyinitanay denuo ezaminatse, et ad fidem 
Codd. mas. Bibliothecarum Vaticance, 
Angelieie, ABaemaniaiise Medicese, Re- 
gbe aliarumaae, novis Obsenrationibus 
atque Tabulis asre incisis illastratse a 
Jac. Geo. Adlsr. Hafni^e, 1789> 4to, lOs. 

Maidi in Ids edition of MichaeHs observes, 
that the various readings of this ms. are of great 
consequence. 

23. Pentateuchns Syriace, e Volj^h 
Anff. cum Syri Comment. coUatus, edid. 
G.&. KiRscH. Curiae, 1787, 4ta, 2U. 

24. Codex Syriaco-Hexapkiis, edidit 

HeDr. MiDDBLDORPF. Berolini, 1831, 

4to., 2 vols. 

The first volume contains the books of Kings 
and Chronicles, Isaiah, the twelve Minor Pro- 
phets, Proverbs, Job, Song of Son^is, the La- 
mentations of Jeremiah, and Ecclesiastesy-the 
second comprises the learned editor's critical 
commentary. 

26. Psahni Davidis lingoa Syriaca ex 
antiq. Cod. mas. editi, a T. Erpsnio. 
Lugd. Bat., 1625, 4to, 9s. 

A good edition. (1.) Psalterium Syriacum 
reoensuit et Latine vertit T. Erpbnxvs, Notas 

Shil. et crit addidit J. A. Dathc. Hale, 1768, 
vo, 5f. 

26. Arabic. — Biblia Sacra Arabica, 
S. CoDgr. de Propag. Fide jussu edita, 
in usum Bcdeaiarum Orientalium, ad- 
ditis h Regione Bibliis Latinis Vulgatis. 
Romae, 1671* fol., 3 vols., SAs. 

This edition, publ. under the inspection of 
Sergius Risius, the Romish Bishop of Damas- 
cus^ is, says Michaelis, of no use, either to a 
critic or an expontor of the N. T., being altered 
from the Latin version. 

27. Holy Bible, containing tbe Old 
and New Testaments in tbe Ajrabic Lan- 
guage. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1811, 4to, 

20s. 

A beautiful edition. Some copies were printed 
in folio. It was superintended by the Arabic 
professor, the Rev. J. D. Carlyle. 

28. Novum Testamentum Arabice, ex 
BibL Leidensi, edente ThomaERPENio. 
In Typog. Erpen., I6l6, 4to, 30*. 

This, in the opinion of Michaelis, is the most 
elegant, faithful, and genuine edition of the 
Arabic version. The London edition of the 
Arabic New Testament of 1727 is of no value. 

29. Quatuor Evangelia, Arabice, stu- 



dio J. B. Raym UMDi. Romae, 1590-1, 

fol., 21 s. 

The editio princepe of the Arabic Goaitels. 
To some copies is annexed a Latin tnuwrtatjon. 

30. Coptic. — Quinque Libri Moysis 
Prophet® in Lingua iEgyptiaca, descrip^ 
sit ac Latine vertit Day. Wilkins. 
Lond., 1731, 4to, 50s. 

A good edition — only 200 copies printed. 

31. Novum Testamentiun iEg^tiom, 
vulgo Copticum, descripsit, et in Lati- 
num Sermonem convertit Dav. Wil- 
KIN8. Oxon., 1716, 4to, 2U. 

The Latin version in the opinion of La Croze 
and Jablonski, is far from correct. The Cop* 
tic version contains many valuable various 
readings, which agree in general with the quo- 
tations of the Alexandrine Fathers. 

32. Fragmentum Evangelii S. Joannic 
Graeco-Coptico Thebaicum, ex Muaeo 
Borgiano, Latine versum et Notis illuotr. 
ab Aug. Ant. Georoio. Romte, 1789* 

4to, 27s. 

An interesting account of this publication 
appeared in the Analytical Review, xvi^ 418-21. 
Otner fragments were prepared by Woide, and 
completed and published by Dr. Ford at Ox- 
ford in 1799. See col. 22, no. 50. The Sahidic 
version in the dialect of Upper Egypt is ancient. 
Georgi attributes it to the nnirth century. 

33. Fragmenta Basmurico-Coptica V. 
et N. Testamenti, quae in Museo Borgi- 
ano Velitris asservantur, cum reUquis 
Versionibus ^gyptiis contulit, Latine 
vertit, necnon Aanotationibus iUustravit 
W. F. Enoelbreth. Hafoiie, 1816, 
4to, \5s. 

34. Duodecim Propbetarum Minorum 
Libros in Lingua iEgyptiaca vultf o Cop- 
tica seu Memphitica, edidit H. Tat- 
TAM, A.M. Oxon., 1836, 8vo, pubL at 
Ss. in sheets. 

35 . Etbiopic. — Evangelia Sancta iEthi- 

opica, ad Codd. mss. fidem edidit T. 

P. Platt, A.m. Lond., 1826, 4to, 

7s. 6d. 

Mr. Home enumerates several other portions 
of £diiopic versions of the Scriptures. 

36. Armenian. — Biblia Armenice [eden- 
te Zohrab]. Venetiis, 1805, 4to, 

42#. 

For this edition, published at the expense of 
the college of the monks of St. Lazarus. Dr. 
Zohrab, a learned Armenian divine, made use 
of sixty-nine manuscripts. In the margin are 
insert^ the various readings, and a few critical 
explanations are subjoined. A neat edition 
of the New Testament, in ancient and modem 
Armenian, was publisned by Dr. Zohrab, in 
1825, 8vo, 15f. 

37. Latin. — ^Bibliorum Sacronim Im- 



33 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



34 



mm Veniones Antique, ten Vetxu 
Italica, et cetera otuecunque in Codd. 
mit. et Antiquorumlibris reperiri potue- 
nnit: qam com Vnlgata Latina et cum 
Teztu Grseco comparantur : accedunt 
Pne£ittione8, Observationes, ac Notss, In- 
dexque novas, opera et studio D. Petri 
Sabatim. Remis, l743-9> foL, 3 vols. 
A full dcBcription of this nmffnifioent editioQ 
will be (bund in Masch's Bibiiotheca 'Sacra, 
wWre dfeere is likewise much information re- 
meeting tlie Ante-Uierooymian versions. 

38. S. Eusebii Hieronymi Stridonen- 
ns Preabyteri Divina Bibliotheca ante hac 
inedita; coinplectens Translationes La- 
tinas V. et N. Testamenti, turn ex He- 
bnnt tnm Onecis fontibus derivatas, &c. 

In tbe Erasmine and Benedictine editions of 
JeroBK s Works. For an aocount of Jerome*8 
biblieal labours see Home's Introduction to the 
Scr ipti es, vol. ii, part i, cb. ii, sect. iv. 

39. Bibtia Sacra Vulffatas Editionis. 
The Vulgate is a valuahle trai^ lation, and 

eoatinaes to be tbe only publiclv authorized ver- 

floo of tbe Roman Catholic church. Most of 

^ fint Eoropean translatioos were made from 

it. In a critica] view it is of great importance, 

OQ account of its antiquity. On the nistory of 

*e Tenioo cowolt Campbell's lOth Prel. Diss., 

paft3,aad his 11th Diss., part 1 : Simon's Crit 

Ifiit. of tbe O. T., book iC ch. 1 M4; Manh's 

Hicbielis. vol ii, part I. sect. 21-30 ; Hamfl- 

ton's Introd. to tne Hebrew Scriptures, chap. 

▼i ; Orme's BibL BibL, pag. 451-2, &c. The 

list editions, as those of Scbeffer, Jenson, and 

Qtherft. are valuable rather for their rarity, 

tkan Mr any critical use, being formed, says 

Enetti, from such copies as came to nand, 

Whout selection or critical diligence. They 

•fs not, however, entirely to be neglected : for 

dMiub they may have been prepared from 

^^ recent copies, still they may contain some 

ivadiDgs of cnticai value. The editions are 

vm namenms — Panzer enumerates many, 

•ad spwards of two hundred are described 

■n the Bibl. Sussex.. vol.i, part ii, pp.288— 

510, and Masch in nis Biohotheca Sacra, in 

pt o, voL iii, pp. 58-372, prives a particular 

o*te of most of the editions. Mr. Home 

obffrres, tbe price varies frxnn twelve shillings 

to three or four guineas and upwards^ according 

lodicir rarity and condition. (1.) Biblia Sacra 

*tlwt« Editionis. Paris., ex Offic. Rob. 

StqW 1540, foL, 1&. Rob. Stephens' edi- 

^M^ of 1540, 5, 6, are vahiable as being cor- 

nclad from tbe most ancient mss. (2.) Biblia 

Saoa Yalgats Editionis. Rome, ee Typog. 

A^osld. Vatic, 1500, fol., 3 vols. Pope Sixtus 

r^iftfixed a bull deereeing that ' this was to be 

^■t IS tbe only authentic edition of the Vul- 

i>^/aad forbade anr alteration, under the 

j™ty of incurriitf * die wrath oif Almighty 

M and his blessed apostles, Peter and Paul.' 

Iks edition being found to abound in errors was 

Mir destroyed (3.) Biblia Sacra Vulgate 

Evons. Roaue.1fi02,foU,4:S.5s. Tbepre- 

■ytkisptbe C lem entin e edition, was written 

*r Cisiiaa] BeUamine, who, in order to pre- 



serve the honour of the Apostobe see, lays tbe 
blame of the inc or r ectn ess of tbe former edition 
on the printer. This mrefoce led to the Car- 
dinal's Beatification. The differences b^ween 
tbe two editions amount to some thousands, the 
chief of which are noticed and judiciously com- 
mented upon by James in his Bellum Papale. 
See also Home's Introd. to the Scriptures, 
vol. ii, pt. i, ch. iii, sect. ii. (4.) Bibliorum 
SacrorumVulgatsVersionisEditio. Paris., ex- 
cud. F. A. Didot, 1785, 4to, 2 vols., 31f . 6d. ; 8vo, 
8 vob. 31 s. 6d, A chef-d'cBuvre of typography. 
Two copies of the ouarto edition were printed 
on vellum. (5.) Eoitio nova, auctoritate S. P. 
Leonis XII excuse. Francof. ad Moen., 1826, 
ray. 8vo, 15t. A beautiful and correct edition. 
(6.) Editio nova. Paris.. 1828, 8vo, 15i. A 
neat edition. (7.) Biblia Sacra Vulgatas 
Editionis, cum selectis Annotationibus^ Prole- 
gomenis, novis TabuHs chronologicis, historicis 
et geograpbicis ilbistrata, Indiceque EpistoU- 
rum et Evangeliorum aucta, auctore J. B. 
Dv Hamel. Paris., 1706, fol., 2 vols. 

40. Gothic and Anglo-Saxon. — Qua- 
tuor Evangeliorum Versiones Gothica et 
Anfflo-Saxonica, ex Cod. Argent, et aliis, 
edd. F. JuNio et T. Mareschallo: 
accessitP. Junii Glossarium Gotbicum, 
Runicum^ &c. Dordr., 1665, vel Amst., 
1684, 258. ; large paper, 3ls, 6d, 

The Gothic version was made by Ulphilas, 
Bishop of the Goths, who flourished about A.D. 
370. A second edition by George Stiemhelm, 
with the addition of the Swedidi, Icelandic, and 
Latin Vulgate versions, appeared at Stockholm, 
in 1671. 

41. Sacrorum Evangeliorum Veraio 

Gothica ex Ck>dice Argenteo, cum Interpr. 

Lat. et Annott. Erici Benzelii, Archiep. 

Upeal., edidit, Observationeasuasadjecit, 

et Graromaticam Gothicam prsemiait Ed. 

Ly«. Oxon., e Typog. Clarend.^ 1750, 

4to, 2ls, 

Best edition of the Gothic version of the 
four Gospels. 

42. ULFiLAsGothiacheBibel-iiberset- 
zung, die alteste Germanische Urkunde, 
nach Ihre' ns Text, &c. Weissenfels, 
1805, 4to, 36*. 

A most valuable edition. The learned pre- 
face by J. C. Zahn, in the German language, 
contains a history of the Gothic version and of 
the various preceding editions of its fragments. 
To this succeed the Fragments tliemselves in 
the Roman character^ with Ihre's Latin trans- 
lation by the side, an mterlineary Latin version, 
critical notes at the foot of each page, and an 
historical introduction, then follow a Grammar 
of the Gothic language by F. K. Fulda, and a 
Gothic glossary by W. F. H. Reinwald. (I.) 
Ulphilae Versio Gothica nonnullorum Capitum 
Epistole Pauli ad Romanes, e Cod. Biblioth. 
Guelph., cum Comment Fr. Ant. Knittil. 
Brun.. 1762, 4to, 12*. (2.) Fragmenta Versionis 
Ulphi]anae,continentia Particulas aliquot Epis- 
tolsB Pauli ad Romanos, ex Cod.rescr. Biblioth. 
Guelph. erata, et a Franc* Ant. Kihttbl 

D 



35 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



36 



edita, cum aliauot Annot. typis reddita a 
Jo. Ihrb : acceduQt dus Disseii. ad Phtlol. 
McBso-Gothicam spectantes. UpsaL, 1763, 
4to, \2s, (3.) Jo. ab Ihre Scripta Vernonem 
Uiphilanam et Linguam Moeso-Gothicam 
illustrantiaf novis Access, aucta et una cum 
aliisScnptis tumilis Argrumenti edita ab AnL 
Fred. Buschino. Berol., 1773, . 4to, 21f. 
This vol. contains Ibre's Ulphilas Illustratus; 
various fragments of UlpUuas' version; five 
dissertations illustrative of them ; and a speci- 
men of a Glossarium Ulphilanum with pre- 
faces. The editor's appendix contains disser- 
tations on Ulphilas by Heupelius (with remarks 
b^ OeUichs)^ Esberg and Soedermann ; spe- 
cimens of critical observations on the old Gothic 
transl. of the Gospels by John Gordon ; and a 
dissertation by Wachter on the langua^ of the 
Codex Argenteus. (4,) Ulphils Partium ine- 
ditarum in Ambros. Palimps. ab Ang. Maio re- 
pertarum Specimen, coig. curis ejusdem Maii 
et C. A. Ca8tillion£i editum, cum duobus 
figuris.Mediol., I8l9.4to,l05.6d. Thisvolume 
contsuns fragments ot the book of Ezra, Nehe- 
miah, SL PauFs Epistles to the Philippians^c. 

i5.) Ulphils Gothica Versio Epistols Divi 
'auli ad Corinthios Secunds quam ab Ambros. 
BibUoth. Palimpsestis depromptam, cum In- 
terpr., Adnot.,Glos8ario, edidit Car. Oct Cas- 
TiLLioNAUs. Mediol., 1829, 4to. 

43. Skereins Alvaggdljdns tbairk J6- 
hannSn. Munich, 1835, royal 4to. 

An exi^anation of the Gospel of St. John in 
the Gothic language, from Roman and Mi- 
lanese mstf., with a Latin translation, illustrative 
remarks, and historical enquiry, a Gothic-Latin 
vocabulary, and specimens of the writing, by 
Dr. H. J. Mussman. This volume furmshes 
manjr hitherto unpublished monuments of the 
Gothic language, which not onlv complete the 
translation of the Bible by Ulphilas, and supply 
new information respecting the Arianism of the 
Goths, but afford ample contributions to gram- 
mar and lexicography. 

44. Fragmenta V. et N. T. GothicfiB 
Versionis, cum Vers. Lat., Glossario, 
Sec, Gabelentz et Loebs. Altenb., 
1836, 4to, voL 1, 258, 

An excellent edition. 

45. Evanffelii secundum Matthsetim 
Versio Francica Ssec. IX, necnon Gothica 
Ssec. IV quoad superest, edidit J. And. 
SCHMELLBR. Stuttg., 1827» 8vo. 3i. 6d. 

This volume contains the Gospel of SL Mat- 
thew in the Prankish dialect, from a ms. of 
Tatian's Harmony of the 9th century, and 
fragments of a Gothic version according to the 
Codex Argenteus and the Gothic version dis- 
covered by Mai and Castiglioni. 

46. Gothic Gospel of S. Matthew, with 
the corresponding English or Saxon, a 
literal English Lesson of each, and Notes, 
Illustrations and Etymol. Disquis. on 
Organic Principles, hy Sam. Henshall, 
A.M. Lond., 1807, 8vo, 6*. 

47. Heptateuchus, Liher Joh, et Evan- 
gelium Nicodemi, Anglo-Saxonice; His- 



torise Judith Fragmentnm, Dano-^ax- 
onice, edidit Ed. Thwaites. Ozon., 

1699, 8vo, 18*. 

The version is inooroplete^in many ingtaiieea 
Elfric or Elfrid has epitomized the work, and in 
others g^ven a verbal translation. 

48. Psalterium Davidis Latino-Saxoni- 
cum vetus, a Jo. Spelmanno editum. 
Lond., 1640, 4to, ISs. 

49. lihri Psalmorum Versio antiqua 
Latina» cum Paraphrasi Anglo-Saxonica, 
e Cod. ms. in Bihl. Regia Paris, descrip- 
sit et edidit B. Thorpe, S. U. S. Oxon., 
1835, 8yo, publ. at 208, in sheets. 

60. Gospels of the Power Evange- 
lists, transL in the olde Saxons tyme out 
of Latin into the Vulgare Toimg of the 
Saxons [with a Preface by John Pox]. 
London, by John Daye, 1571, 4to, 60s. 

This volume was edited by Abp. Parker. 
The Anglo-Saxon text is divided into chapten, 
and is accompanied with the Englidi version 
then in use, in a parallel column, divided into 
chapters and verses. 

5. MODERN VERSIONS OP THE BOLT 
SCRIPTURES. 

1. Veteris ac Novi Testamenti norm 
Translatio per Sanct. Paoninum editm. 
Luffd., 1528, 4to, 109. 

Mr. Home observes, ' thou^thts translator's 
labours were very severely criticised by Father 
Simon, yet he acknowledges great abilities 
and learning ; and all the latter commentators 
and critics concur in justly commendinflr his 
work, as being remarkably exact and futhful. 
and admirably adapted to explain the literal 
sense of the Hebrew text.' (I.) Biblia Lotina. 
Paris., Rob. Stephan., 1557, fol., 2 vols*, 25t. 
A new edition of the Old Testament with cor- 
rections. (2.) BibUa Latina S. Pagnini, a 
B. A. Mont AND recognita. 1584, &c. In Moo- 
tanus' edition of the Hebrew Bible. This re- 
vision, which may be considered rather as a 
grammatical commentary, than a tn\e va^sioD, 
has been frequentlv reprinted in various sizes. 
' Montanus', or rather ragninus' Latin version 
improved by Montanus, is literal to the greatest 
possible extent Hence it is generally barba- 
rous, often absurd, and very frequently ob- 
scure.' — Orme. 

2. Biblia Latina, ex Versione Seb. 
MUNSTERI. 1534, &c. 

This protestant version accompanies Mini- 
ster's edition of the Hebrew Bible. Thourfa 
Simon freely censures particular parts, be de- 
cidedly preJPers it to tnose of Paguinus and 
Montanus; 'and Huet gives Munster the cha- 
racter of a translator well versed in the Hebrew 
langua^, whose style is very exact, and con- 
formable to the original. 

3. Biblia Sacro-sancta T. V. et N. 

Tiffuri, 1543, fol., 315. 6d, 

This protestant version is very faithful, atkd 
its style is more elegant than that of Muoster. 



37 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



38 



The tnailators w«re Leo Juda, Theodore Bib- 
lindcr. Conr. PelHcan, Peter Choli% and 
Rodotph Gtuher. (1.) Biblia Latina. Lutet, 
Rob. Stephan., 1545, 4to, V2t, This edition 
■bo contains the Vulgate version printed in a 
penDel column^ with short notes and a scholia. 

4. Biblia Latina, interprete Seb. Cas- 
TAUONm. BasiL, 1551. 

Fnt edition, dedicated to K. Edward VI. of 
Eariuid. Castalio's desi^ was to render the 
Old and New Testaments in elegant Latin like 
thst of the ancient classic authors ; but his style 
kss been severely censured by some critics, as 
beiog too much affected, and destitute of that 
noble simplicity, grandeur and energy which 
characterise the sacred originals. Professor 
Datbe, however, has vindicated this learned 
Protestant from these chaiges, and Dr. Camp- 
bdl observes, ' 1 know not any translation by 
which a student may be more assisted in attain- 
ma the true sense in many places, than by Cas- 
tafio's.' (1.) Biblia Laluia. BasiL, 1573, 
fbL, 24f. This edition is valued as contain- 
ing Castaho's last cwrections, and a very com- 
plete teble of matters. (2.) Biblia Latina. 
Lonl, 1726, 12mo, 4 vols., 12s. (3.) Biblia 
Lttxoa. Lips., 1738. 12mo, 4 vols., 16s. This 
■I commonly styled the best edition. There are 
Aher reprints of Castalio's version. (4.) Seb. 
CAffTAuoNis Defensio suarum Transuitionum, 
ct nuunme Novi Foederis. Basileae. 8vo, 3s. 
(&) Critical Remarks on Castellio's Version, 
by Ric KiDDSR, Bp. of Bath and Wells. 
Lood., 1725, 8vo, 3s. 

5. Testament! Veteria Biblia Sacra^ 
Litine £eu:ta, brevibusque Scholiis illustr. 
th Imm. Tremellio. Apocrypbi La- 
tine redd, et Notis aucti a Franc. Junio. 
NoTom Testamentum ex Sermone Syro 
•b eodem Tremellio et ex Graeco a 
Theod. Bbza vergum, Nociuque iidem 
Ohatratiini. Secunda Ciira Franc. Junii. 
Genevae, 1590, 4to, 10*. 6d. 

This cchtion was received b^ the Protestant 
chirches with mat approbation ; and to this 
^y M esteemed for its simplicity, perspicuity 
•nd fidelity, (1.) Editio Prima. Francof. 
1575. 6, 9, 4to. (2.) Biblia Sacra. Lond., 
lao, 4to, 12s. (3.) Biblia Sacra. Lond.. 
1269, fbl, 12s. It nas been repeatedly printed. 

6. libromm Veteria Testamenti Ver- 
■0 nova Latina ex Hebneo a Thoma de 
Vie, CanHoale C A J eta no. Lugd. 1 639> 
kL, 3 Tok. 

7^ translation was made by a Jew and a 
Ckristisn, both of whom were well skilled in 
J^, original language of the sacred volume. 
Csieom carefully avoided those barbarous ex- 
Pivaaoos which be must have used if the ver- 
*Mi had been grammatically literal. 

7. Jo. Clerici Translatio Librorum 
V. Testament!, cum ejusdem Para- 
\bnn perpetua, Commentario philologi- 
«o, Divert, criticis, Tabulisque chronoL 
«« gcogr. Amst., 1708, 10, 3, fol., 4 

This commentary is extolled by Dr. Har- 



wood and Bp. Watson. Orme says, Le Clerc 
denies the inspiration of the Scriptures, ascribes 
many of the miracles which they record to 
natural causes, and explains away the prophe> 
des relating to the Messiah. ( 1.) Jo. Clbbici 
Translatio ex Anglic^ Lingu4 Henr. Ham- 
MONDi Paraphrasis et Adnotationum in N. 
Testamentum, Animadv. suis illustrata. Fran- 
cof., 1714, fol., 2 vols., 30s. (2.) Jo. Just von 
EfNEM Animadversiones ad Jo. Clerici Com- 
mentarios. Magdeb., 1735, 8vo. 

8. Biblia Sacra. Versio nova Latina 
ad Hebraicam Veritatem facta, auctore 

C. F. HouBiOANT. Paris., 1763, Svo, 
8 vols., 3U. 6d. 

This Latin version is much admired for its 
elegance and energy. It likewise appeared in 
Houbigant's critioil edition of the Hebrew 
Bible. See coL 13, no. 14. Bp. Watson ob- 
serves, ' the Latin version, from its conformity 
to the idiom of the Hebrew language, is esteemed 
inelegant : but it may not, on that account, be 
less useful.' 

9. Libri V. T., ex recens. Textus 
Hebr. et Vers. anti(}. Latine versi. No- 
tisque phibL et cnt. illustrati, a Jo. 
Aug. Dathio. Halse, 1773-89, Svo, 
6 vols., 368, 

Dathe's version is deservedly in high repute 
for its general fidelity and elegance. (1.) J. 
A. Dathu Opuscula ad Interpretationem et 
Crisin V. Testamenti, edidit E. F. C. Rosen- 
MULLER. Lipsis, 1796, 8vo, 5s. This volume, 
which should accomjiany Dathe's version, con- 
tains critical disquisitions on some ancient ver- 
sions, dec. Its author, says Orme, was pro- 
foundly versant in the oriental tongues, and in 
the criticism of the Bible. His notes are not 
numerous, and are almost entirely philological. 
The Scholia of Rosenmiiller, who was a great 
admirer of him. may be considered as notes on 
the text of Dathe. 

10. Libri Sacri Antiqui Foederis [Pen- 
tateucbus] in Latinum transl., notatione 
brevi prsecipuae Lectionum et Interpre- 
tationum Diversitatis addita, auctoribus 

D. Henr. Auff. Schott et Jul. Fried. 
WiNZER. ^tonse, 1816, Svo, I2s. 

A very close version. Orme observes, * The 
translation is respectably executed. The notes 
are neither numerous nor long, and entirely 
philological.' 

11. Novi Testamenti iEditio postre- 

ma per Des. Erasmum. Basil., 1535, 

Svo. 

Erasmus was the first translator of the New 
Testament into the Latin language from the ori- 
ginal Greek. The version first appeared with the 
Greek text in 1516, and it has been frequently 

Erinted and corrected, both by Erasmus and 
y his editors. It will, together with his anno- 
tations, be found in the collective edition of his 
works. 

12. Novum Testamentum a Theod. 
Beza versum, cum ejusdem Annota- 
tionibus. [Genevie] Oliva Rob. Ste- 
phani, 1 556, fol. 



39 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



40 



Thif venion on account of its Bdelity has 
always been hijgrhly esteemed by Protestants of 
every denomination. It has been repeatedly 
printed. Beza was Greek professor at Lau- 
sanne, and assistant to Calvin. 

13. Chr. Guil. Thalemanni Versio 
Latina Evang. Matthsei, Marci, Luck 
et Johannis, itemque Actumn Apostolo- 
mm, cdita a C. C. Tittmanno. Berol., 

1781, 8vo. 

The following generally accompanies this 
volume. (1.) Versio Latina Epistolarum No- 
vi Testamenti, perpetua Annntarione illustrata 
a God. Sigiffln. Iaspis. Lina., 1793-7, Bvo. 
2 vols. Iaspis' version is rather a paraphrase. 
(2.) Editio nova. Lips., 1821, Bvo, 2 vols., 
16s. 

14. Sacri Novi Testament! libri om- 
nes veteri Latinitate donati ab Hem*. 
God. Reich ARDO. lips., 1799> 8vo, 48, 

This translation 'is free rather than close.' 
Q.) Hen. God. Reichardi de adomanda N. 
Testament! Versione vere Latina Tractatus 
Grammatico-theologicus. Lips., 1796, Bvo, 
3s. 6d, Both these works, accordrng to Orme, 
* discover great learning and extensive acquain- 
tance with the principles of biblical interpreta- 
tion, and with the difficulties attending the 
translating of the Scriptures.' 

16. Novum Testamentum, interprete 
L. Skbastiani. Lond., 18l7>roy. 8yo. 

This version is made from the text of the 
Alexandrian ms., with which the translator 
collated several manuscripts and collections of 
various readings, &c. 

*«* For ^e modem Latin versions of Naebe, 
Goschen, and others, see Commentaries, &c. 

16. English.— The Holy Bible, trans- 
lated into EngUsh from tne Latin Vul- 
gate, by John WicKLiFFE, circa 1370-8. 

John Wickliffe or Wycli£Be is considered in 
England as * the Morning Star of the Reforma- 
tion.' An edition of his Bible is now prepa- 
ring by Mr. Forshall and Sir F. Madden, both 
of me British Museum, which is to issue from 
the university proas of Oxford. In a theologi- 
cal point of view, ^e value of Wycliffe's trans- 
lation is far from being inconsiderable, and its 
value is still more conspicuous in illustrating 
the history of the English tongue. Wyclifte 
may indeed be regarded as the father of Eng- 
lish prose. His version affords a very ample 
specimen of the lan^age, as it existed in the 
14th century ; nor is it a little curious to re- 
mark, in very many instances, how immaterially 
his phraseology diners from that of the authorixed 
version executed in the reign of K. James. 

17. Biblia: The Bible; that is, the 
Holy Scripture of the Olde and New 
Testament, faithfully and truly trans- 
lated of the Douche [German] and 
Latyn into Englysche, [by Miles CoyBR- 
DALK, afterwards Bishop of Exeter. 
Zurich, by Chr. Froschoyer.] 1535, fol. 

Black letter, printed in double columns, with 
woodcuts. This is the first English Bible al- 



lowed by royal authority, and also the fiis 
translation of the whole of the Scriptnresprinted 
in our language. In Mr. Whittaker's J^aqoiry 
into the Interpretation of the Holy Scriptures 
is an account of the sources from which the 
version was derived. Only one periect copy 
is supposed to exist, which is in the libisry of 
Lord Jersey, another, neariy so, is in the Bri- 
tish Museum. A copy with the title and the 
following two leaves m foe-simile produced at 
an auction £89. 5i. ( 1.) An Edition. South- 
warke, by James Nycolson, 1537, 4to. (2,) 
Newly overaene and correcte.M.D.L. Printed 
ibr Andvewe Hester, 4to. This edition was 
printed at Zurich by Chr. Froachover. (3.) 
An Edition. London, by Richard Jurae, ld63, 
4to. The edition of 1550, with a new tiUe-paoe, 
almanac, &c. A new edition of Coveraale't 
Bible has been lately advertised. 

18. Byble, transL into Englysh by 

Thomas Matthew. 1537> fol. 

Black letter, with marginal annotatioBa and 
wood-cuts in several parts. This Bible, called 
Matthews* Bible, was really edited by John Ro- 
gers, who had assisted Coverdale, and been his 
corrector of the press. Ihe version is partly Tyn- 
dale's and partly Coverdale*s, with alterations*, 
and it was printed abroad at the expense of 
Richard Grailon and Edward Whitchurch. A 
copy at the sale of Heber's library produced 
£60. (1.) An Edition. London, by Thomas 
Raynalde and WiUiam HyU, 1549, fol., bUck 
letter. A reprint of that of 1537. (2.) An- 
other [by Edm. Becke]. London, oy Jhon 
Daye and William Seres, 1549, fol. Black 
letter, with wood-cuts. Dr. Adam Clarke's ^py 
of this edition was sold for £31. 10s. (3.) lliQ 
whole Byble, after the Translacion of Tno. Mat- 
thew. Imprynted at London, by Nicholas 
HyU, dwelling in Saynct Johns streate, at the 
ooete and charges of certayne honest menne of 
the occupacyon, whose names be upon their 
bokes, 1551, folio. And accordingly the names 
of not fewer than six booksellers are found, 
each by itself, upon this edition. See no. 20. 

19. Byble in Englysbe, truly trans- 
lated after the veryte of the Hebrue and 
Greke Textes. Printed by Rychard 
Grafton and Edward Whitchurch, 1539> 
folio. 

Black letter with wood-cuts. This edition of 
the Holy Scriptures is called Abp. Cranroer's 
Bible, and the Great Bible as being of lar^ 
size than any before published. The translation 
is Tyndale's and Rogers', thoroughly revised 
throughout. Cranmer's Bible was very fre- 
quently reprinted, 1540-69. All the early En- 
glish Bibles are of considerable value when in 
good preservation. 

20. Bible, by Richard Tavern br. 
London, by Jobin Byddell, 1539> foL 

Black letter. This is neither a bare revisal 
of Crannier's Bible, nor a new version ; but a 
kind of intermediate work, being a correctioB 
of what is called ' Matthews' Bible,' many of 
whose marginal notes are adopted, and manv 
omitted, or others inserted by the editor. H.) 
Another [by Edm. Beckel. London, by Jnon 
Daye, 1551, folio, in black letter, with wood- 
cuti. This reprint has some variation, and an 



4] 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



42 



•dfiiligB of tlie third book of tlie Maccabees, 
A 6m copy, wnating the title and index, was 
fold by anctioD £E>r jpa in the year 1824. 

21. Bible and Holy Scriptures, with 
Annotations. Genera, by Rooland Hall, 
1560, 4to. 

^. Th e Geneva Bible, is consideTablj more 
htenl than the former translation ; a very free 
ne is made of Italic supplements ; but, on the 
whale, says Orme, the miprovement b not so 
fwat as mifht have been expected. Of the 
Boles and ilfaistrations, Bp. Horsley obsenrcMl 
that diey were * very edifying-, except that in 
■say pointi they savourtoo mnch of Calvinism,' 
sad Bp. TomHne remarks, the annotations be- 

aof a * Cahrinistic cast,' the book was thence 
1 in high esteem by die Puritans, and con- 
ieqwntly very obnoxious to the court party. 
Tk venion is commtmly known b^ the name 
«f • Breeches' Bible, from the peculiar render- 
■ig* of Genesis, iii, 7, and was prepared during 
U. Mary*s persecutions, at Geneva, by Bishop 
(Wdale, Ant GUbie, Wra. Whittinffham, 
CkrisL Goodman, Thomas Sampson and Thomas 
Cale, to whom some add John Knox, John 
fiodtagh and John PuUein. It was the first 
Eagfin Bible wherein any distinction of verses 
•is made. Fine copies have produced by 

Ebfie aaotioii fix>m seven to ten pounds, (h) 
ble. Geneva, 1561, fol. Printed in the Ro- 



\ (2.) Bible. Geneva, 1670, 
4io,or8vo. ^3.) Bible. London, by Chr. Bar- 
ker, 1576, Cm. This edition is neatly printed 
a the R oman character, with arguments. A 
deseriiMioo of it will be found in Lewis* History. 
»4-7I. (4.) Bible. Edin., by Tho. Bassan- 
dyat. 1576, foL This, the first edition of the 
Senptures from the Scottish press, is hand- 
n^Hy printed in Roman characters, and ap- 
petrs to be a reprint of the Genevan edition of 
1661. A copy m 1829 was sold by auction for 
£W. Wfc (5.) Bible. London, by Chr. Bar- 
l er,15 78, foL, 73«. fid. In this edition are two 
»o»oos of the Psalms, the Genevan, printed 
■ Rcnan letter, and that of the Great Bible 
pnoted in Gothic similar to the rest of the 
▼ohuae. (6.) Bible. Edinb., by Alex. Ar- 
h«thnctt, 1579. fol. (7.) Bible. Edinburgh, 
by Andrew Hart, 1610, fol. This edition fol- 
!•«> the Geneva transhition in the Old Tes- 
•nneiit. but the New is that which was first 
Pohtiriied in 1576 by Laurence Tomson, with 
JBotHionB. The Geneva translation went 
wouh upwards of fifty editions in the course 
« thirty years, and was dropped when K. 
i*"^ venioo appeared, but the notes were 
prtsuied by being sometimes appended to the 
»w trsnslation. Copies of the * Breeches * 
me printed at the eloee of the 16th century, 
*hen perfect and in frur condition are worth 
fr» 15i. to 201. each. 

32. Tbe Holie Bible. London, by Ri- 
«rdJtigj|^, 1568, foL 
,^^wt e£tion of Parker's by some called 
;ne Bishops* Bible,' by others the 'Great 
uflah Bible.' The translation was used in 
»• dnirehes for forty years, though the Ge- 
yi Bible was more read m private bouses. 

1?^ •» a whole. Orme considers it inferior 
•• the Geneva, though occasionally its render- 
•'P "9 preferable, and being sanctioned by 



the government, it is decisive as to the senti- 
ments of the church of England at that time. 
Itis printed in a large folio sixe with a beautiful 
English letter on royal paper, and embellished 
with cuts, and in the Apocrypha are maps cut 
in wood and other engravings in copper. It 
also contains three portraits, engraved on cop- 
per, of Q. Elizabeth, Lord Leicester, and Secre> 
tary Cecil. It has likewise numerous marginal 
references and notes, and many useful tables. 
A particular account of the edition of 1568 will 
be found in Whittaker^ Enquiry into the In- 
terp. of the Hebrew Scriptures, pp. 64—7. (1.) 
Bible. London, by R. Jugge, 1569, 4to, 
£&6f. Second edition. (2.) Bible. Lon- 
don, by R. Jugge, 1572, fd.^ £10. 10». This 
reprint varies in many particulars from that 
of 1568, and in it there are two versions of the 
Psalter, that of the Great Bible in bhick letter, 
and a new in Roman. (3.) Bible. London, 
by R. Jugge, 1574, fol. Other editions ap- 
peared in the 16th century. 

23. Holie Bible, faitbfiilly translated 
into Englisb, out of the authentical Latin, 
by the Englisb College of Doway. 
Doway, 1609-10, 4to, 2 vols., 60*. 

This translation of the Old Testament with 
that of the New printed at Rhemes, 1582-4, 
forms the Romanist Bible. William (after- 
wards Cardinal) Allen, Gregory Martyn, 
Richard Bristow, and Dr. Reynolds were em- 
ployed on the Old Testament, but according to 
Dodd, (Church History, i, 121) 'it may been- 
tirely ascribed to Mr. Martyn, the others being 
onl^ revisers.' The annotations are generally 
attributed to Thomas Worthington. C. Butler 
observes, * The general asperity of language, in 
which the notes are written : and some expres- 
sions sounding disloyally, wnich they are said 
to contain, gave just oflfence.' (1.) Bible. 
Rouen, by John Cousturier, 1635. 4to. 31i. 6d. 
The Rhemish N. Testament or 1633 gene- 
rally accompanies this edition. (2.) Bible. 
Printed 1749-60, 12mo, 5 vols., 20». A new 
edition of the O. and N. T., with some al- 
terations in the text, and much in the notes, 
by Dr. Chalpner, titular Bp. of Debra. * Still 
the version is imperfect : a more correct ver- 
sion is, perhaps, at present, the greatest spi- 
ritual want of the English catholics.'— C. But- 
ler. This learned gentleman also observes, 
* The New Testament of this edition has been of- 
ten reprinted ; but it is asserted, that the editions 
subsequent to that of 1749, are incorrect, and 
that the edition of 1749 is to be preferred to any 
of them.* (3.) Bible. Printed in the Year 
1764, 12mo, 5 vols., 20*. (4.) Bible, with An- 
notations^ edited by R. Cross. Dublin, 1791. 
This edition was approved of by Dr. Troy, the 
titular Abp. of Dublin, who observes 'it has 
served as an exemplar to the several editions 
that have since been published with my sanction.' 
(5.) Bible. Printed in the Year 1796, 12mo. 
6 vols., 25». (6.) Bible, newly revised and 
corrected accord, to the Clementin Edition, 
with Annotations. Edinb., 1805, 12mo, 5 vols., 
30».; l.n.in8vo. 42*. (7.) Bible, with usefol 
Notes, &c., by G. L. Hay dock. Manchester, 
1811-4, fol., 2 vols., 63i. A reprint of Dr. 
Chaloner's text (8.) Bible, with Annota- 
tions, and an historical and chronological In- 
dex. Revised and corrected according to the 



43 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



44 



Clementm Edition of the Scriptures, and ap- 

f roved of by the most reverend Doctor Troy, 
LC.A.D. Dublin, 181(). 4to, dOt. This edi- 
tion was not approved of by Dr. Troy : on the 
contrary in a declaration, dated Dublin, 24th 
October, 1817, he sajrs^ * having read, and now, 
for the first time, considered these notes, I not 
only do not sanction them, but solemnly de- 
clare, that I utterly reject them ; generally as 
harsh, and irritating m expression; some of 
them, as false, and absurd in reasoning ; and 
many of them, as uncharitable in sentiment 
They further appear to countenance opinions, 
and doctrines, which, in common with the other 
Roman catholics of the empire, I have solemnly 
disclaimed upon oath.' A detailed account of 
the edition wUl be found in the Rev. Dr. Ken- 
ney*s Enquiry concerning some of the Doc- 
trines maintained by the Church of Rome, publ 
in 1818. (9.) Bible, newly revised and cor- 
rected, according to the Clementin Edition, 
with short Annotations, and 42 Enffravings, 
fol., 16 pts. publ. at 5s. each. Published with 
the approbation of Dr. Gibson, Vicar Aposto- 
lic ot the Northern District : and revised and 
corrected, according to Dr. Chaloner's edition, 
by the Rev. T. Robinson and the Rev. V. 
Glover. (10.) Bible, with Annotations, Re- 
ferences, and an historical and chronologrical 
Index, llie whole revised and diligently com- 
pared with the Latin Vulgate. Dubhn and 
London, 1825, 8vo. This is the latest and 
most easily accessible edition of the Anglo- 
Romish version of the Bible. The edition, 
published by Dr. Murray in 1825, contains 
several corrections of the Anglo- Romish ver- 
sion from our authorised Protestant version, 
which identical passages had been denounced 
by Ward, in his Errata of the Protestant Bible, 
as heretical mistranslations. (11.) Observations 
on the present State of the Roman Catholic 
English Bible, addressed to the Roman Catho- 
lic Archbishop of Dublin, by the Rev. George 
Hamilton, A.M. Dublin. 1826. 8vo,25. In 
this pamphlet Mr. Hamilton clearly shews 
that there is not one standard copy of the An- 
glo-Romish version. (12.) A second Letter 
on the present State of the English Roman Ca- 
tholic Bible, by the Rev. G. Hamilton. A.M. 
Dublin, 1826, 8vo, 2s. 'It is much to be desired 
that we had a good literary history of the Eng- 
lish versions of the Bible b^f the Roman-ca- 
tholicsj and of the controversies to which they 
have given rise.' — Charles Butler. See col. 6, 
no. 23. 

24. The HolyBible,conteyiiingthe01d 
Testament ana the New ; newly transl. 
out of the originall Tonmies, and with 
the former Translations diligently com- 

yared and revised by his Majestie's [K. 
ames Ilespeciall Comandement. Lon- 
don, bvKobert Barker, 1611, fol, £5.5*. 
BlacK letter. The first edition of our autho- 
rized version. Two editions appeared in 1611 
— in the first edition the Psauns commence 
on sign. Kkl^ in the second on sign. Bbb 4. 
' Competent judges scruple not to affirm, 
that it is accurate and faithful, that the trans- 
lators have seized the very spirit and soul 
of the original, and impressed this almost 
every where with pathos and energy.'— Dr. 



Townley Numerous tesdmonies to the vtloa 
of this admirable version will be found in the 
Rev. H. J. Todd's Vindication, 1819, Abp. 
Newcome's Historical View, and the Rev. T. 
H . Home's Introduction. An exact reprint of 
the authorised version of 1611 appeared at Ox- 
ford, in 1833, 4to. (1.) H0I7 Bible. Cam- 
bridge, by Buck and Darnel, 1638, folio. 
This edition was revised, by royal command, 
by Dr. Ward, Dr. Goad, Mr. Boys, Mr. Mede, 
and other eminent scholars. In Acts vi, 3, an 
error ' ye' for ' we' occurs, which misprint is 
unfortunately repeated in many other editions 
printed between 1638 and 1685. Dr. Turton 
refers to the folio of 1638 as containing a text 
revised throughout, in which the alteratioDS 
necessary to remove the errors occasioned by 
the use of Italics in the text of 1611, where tfaft 
ordinary character was required, have been 
introduced. (2.) Bible. Cambridge, John 
Field, 1653, 24mo. This beautiful edition is 
entitled the Pearl Bible from the small type 
with which it is printed, but it is disgraced by 
numerous errata, some of which are of import- 
ance. An imitation of it was made in UoUand 
in 1658, but the genuine edition is known by 
having the first four nsalms on a page, without 
turning over. A nne copy of^ the original 
edition, in morocco, at a late auction was sold 
for£4.9i. (3.;) Bible. London, by J. Field. 
1658, 24mo. Fine copies of this correct and 
beautiful Bible have, at auctions, produced be> 
tween four and five pounds. (4.) Bible. Cam- 
bridge, J. Field, 1660, fol., 73f. 6</.; large 
paper, £10. lOf. A splendid edition illustrated 
with choromphical plates engraved by John 
Ogilby. The Koxburghe copy in morocco was 
sold for £6. 15s., and Uie large paper copies in 
fine condition are in grreat request. The edition 
was severely censured by Bp. Wetenhal in lus 
work entitled 'Scripture authentic and Faith 
certain.' From the time of Field to the end of 
tlie seventeenth century several curious fiat 
Bibl^ were printed u]>on thin paper with a few 
marginal notes, which are denominated 
' Preaching Bibles,' from the use made of them 
in the pulpit during that period. (5.} Bible. 
Cambridge, J. Hayes, 1678, fol. Published by 
Ant. Scattergood, D.D., with the addition of 
many parallel texts, which are still reprinted in 
the margin of the large Bibles. (6.) Bible, 
with marginal Notes by John Cannr. 1682/ 
8vo. One of the most valuable of the earlier 
pocket editions. (7.) Bible. London, 1701. 
lol. A very fine eoition in large folio publishea 
under the direction of Abp.Tenison, with chro- 
nological dates and an index by Bi^op Lloyd, 
and accurate tables of Scripture weights and 
measures by Bishop Cumberland, but the edi- 
tion is said to abound in typographical errors. 
(8.) Bible. Oxford, J. Baskett, 1717, fol.. 2 
vols. This most magnificent edition is usually 
denominated 'The Vinegar Bible,' from an 
error in the running title at Luke, ch. xxii, 
where the word vineyard is misprinted vinegar. 
It has a frontispiece by Du Bosc and vignette 
engravings by Vander GuchL A fine copy in 
morocco has been sold for £12. 12s. IVo 
copies are known printed upon vellum. (9.) 
Bible. Edinb., Watson, 1722, 8vo. An c». 
teemed edition. (10.) Bible. Cambridge, J. 
Baskerville, 1763, fol., valued from five to seven 
guineas in morocco. This, one of the most 



45 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



46 



bttulifal books erer printed, is chiefly uted as 
a Cfanreh Bible, and is well adapted for the 
nadisgdedL, thoofh not esteemed very correct 
(U.) Bible. Oxford, by T. Wright and W. 
GiD. 17®. 4to, 63». : roy. paper, £6. ; fol., £7. 
7i. This is generaUy entitled 'The Standard 
EditioQ.' It was corrected by the Rev. Dr. 
filayney nnder the direction of the Vice-chan* 
eellor ud delegates of the Clarendon press at 
Oiford. The onnctuation was carefully re- 
vised; the words printed in Italics were ex- 
aokined by the Hebrew and Greek orij^inals ; 
the prtper names, to the etymology of which 
tUoBoos are made in the text, were translated 
nd entered on the margin ; the summaries of 
chapters and running titles, at the top of each 
page, corrected \ some material errors in the 
chrooology rectified; the margrinal references 
re-examined and corrected, and thirty thousand 
kmr hundred and ninety-five new ones inserted 
in the margin. In overrunning the folio edition 
into the quarto size, the following words are 
ooutted in the latter^ in Rev. xviii, 22, aAer the 
words 'no more,' vii. ' at all in thee; and no 
oaAnnan of wintsoever craft he be, shall be 
iMmd any more.' ( 12.) A Commentary on the 
Bible, with Notes. Bristol, W. Pine, 1774, 
ISno, 25f. The notes are added at the end of 
cBch chapter. (13.) Bible. London, 1776. 
92iD0, 2St. Pasham's edition, formerly in 
ieq[aesL The brief notes, printed at the bot- 
tom of the paLjgre, and gexiotdly cut oiT in bind- 
ing, were, it is said, furnished by the Rev. W. 
Romaine. (14.) Bible, with Engravings by 
James FnTi.E]t, from celebrated Pictures by 
OU Masters. London, 1795, roy. 8vo, 2 vols. 
Valued from two to three guineas. There are 
eopies in quarto. ( 15.) Bible, with twenty-four 
Engravings chiefly from the Designs of Smirke 
tad Stothanl. London, Heptinstall, 1775, 
ioiper. 4to, 73«. 6d, Printed on vellum paper. 
TlkB short notes at the bottom of the pajg^es are 
ffeaerally cut off" in landing. There are inferior 
eopies of the work, with liUer impressions of the 
plates. (1&) Bible. London, 1796, 12mo, 
llf. Bowy<^s cabinet edition. Bowyer 
pahhihed three editions of the Holy Scriptures. 
▼iL, in l2mo, 8vo, and 4to, which he called 
'uaiqiie.' (17.) Bible, with the Apocrypha, 
tmbohshed witn Engravings from Pictures and 
i)eaigns of the most eminent English Artists. 
lMk(k>a,180a-16,largefol.,8vok. Publishedby 
TVxnas MackHn. This splendid edition is now 
IB little request, and a copy may be purchased 
far about £25. in morocco, though they have 
vidm the last twenty years frequently produced 
tt aactians between forty and fifty pounds. A 
'vpubbcation of Macklin's Bible, with its £n- 
fravings, and including a Preface and Historical 
Aecouats of the Several Books, by the Rev. £. 
Ksres, D J)., appeared in 1818, &c, in atl. 4to, 
3 Toky at £25. This reprint is also very much 
fallen m price. (18.) Bible. Bristol, Edwards. 
KXB, 32mo. 21«. This is said to be the smallest 
•^titioo ever printed. An inferior edition, with- 
Mt divisioo of the verses, also entitled the Dia^ 
•Ottd Bible was published at Bristol by Par- 
*OBS- (19.) Bible. London, Eyre and Struhan, 
1306, aed. 4to, three thousand copies printed, 
^; roy. 4to, two thousand printed, 7df. 
{■^jjmper. 4to, five hundred printed, £5. A 
wmtifa iand correct edition, superior in point 



of accuracy to ' The Standard Edition' of 1769. 
It is said that only one erratum has been dis- 
covered. (20.) Bible, with Tables of the Mar- 
Sinal Reaoings, and Parallel Passages ftx>m 
le Edition of 1611 prefixed. Oxford, Claren- 
don Press, 1807, 4to, 2 vols., 63f . ; la. paper in 
imper. 4to. A copy at an auction in morocco 
produced £11. 5f. The edition is much es- 
teemed for its accuracy. (21.) Bible. Edin- 
burprh, 1811, l2mo. A beautiful book. The 
copies on large paper are much valued, and 
have produced at auctions from eight to ten 

Siineas in morocco. (22.) Bible, with a centre 
olumn of original References. London, 1811, 
12mo^ 24s. Tnis pocket edition of the entire 
English Bible, published by Ba^^ster, contains 
a new selection of upwards of sixty thousand 
references to passages that are really parallel. 
(23.) Bible. London, Eyre and Strahan, 
1813, 4to. This edition is considered equally 
accurate with that of 1 806. It has been recom- 
mended by the General Convention of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of the U. States of 
America to be adopted as their standard edi- 
tion. (24.) Bible. London, 1814, 24mo, 21i. 
Printed with diamond tyne by Corrall. (25.) 
Bible. London, Eyre and Strahan. 1814, med. 
8vo. 'A most beautiful book.'— Home. (26.) 
Bible, illustrated with Enmyingrs by Charles 
Heath, from the designs of Richard Westall. 
Oxford, 1815, roy. 8vo, 3 vols. publ. at £7. 10». ; 
large paper, with proof plates, at £15. A very 
elegant edition, entitled the British Cabinet 
Bible. The plates have been twice engraved. 
(27.) Bible, with alternate Pages of Biblical 
Concordance. London, Bagster, 1820, 12mo. 
(28.) Bible. Oxford. 1821, minion 8vo. Mr. 
Horne observes that tlus is one of the most com- 
modious and correct editions that has ever been 
printed. (29.) Bible. Oxford, 1827, 8vo. 
This, according to Mr. Home, is the cheapest, 
as well as one of the most elegant and useful of 
all the pocket editions after Dr. Blayney's re- 
vision. It was published at ei^ht shillings in 
sheets, and from its type and size is known by 
the appellation of the Oxford Ruby Octavo 
Bible. (30.) Bible. Cambridge. 1838, im- 
per. 4to, 2 vols. A red border une is printed 
round each page. One copy was stmck off on 
vellum, and presented to H. M. Queen Victoria. 
The following editions are always to be 



• • 



had in sheets at the prices annexed— roy. fol., 
double pica type, at £4. ICi . ; demy fol., En- 
glish type, £2. 10s. ; imper. 4to, English type, 
£2. lOs. ; roy. 4to, pica type, with Dr. Biay- 
ney's marginal references. £2. lOi. ; med. 4to, 
£1. 5s. ; crown 4to, small pica type, with Dr. 
Blayney's marg. refer., 18s.; roy. 8vo, pica 
type, lis. ; roy. 8vo, small pica type, with Dr. 
Blayney's marg. refer., 15s. ; med. 8vo, small 
pica t3rpe, 9s.. or on fine paper, lOs. 6d. ; roy. 
or demy 8vo, brevier type, 6s. 6d. ; crown 8vo, 
minion type, 5s. 6(2., or with Dt. Blayney's 
marg. refer., 10s. 6d. ; crown 8vo, mby type, 
with Dr. Blayney's marg. refer., 8s. : crown 
12rao, minion type, long line, 10s. od, — this 
edition is without the division into verses; demy 
12mo, non])areil typ^, 3s., fine paper. Ss. 6(L ; 
roy. I8's, minion t^. 7s. 6d. ; roy. 24*s, minion 
type, 5s. ; roy. 24*8, mby type, 3s. 6rf., fine paper, 
5s. 6d. ; demy 24*8, pearl type, 6s. 6tL ; demy 
24's, diamond type, 7s. 6d. The New Tesu- 



47 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



48 



ment to the 8vo and imaller editions may be 
porchaied separately. 

25. Bible, in Short-hand, by Jere- 
miah Rich. 1650, 12mo, 7«. 6tf. 

With a portrait and frontispiece by Cross. 
(1.) Bible, in Short-hand, by Wm. Addy, 
engraved by J. Sturt. [London, 1695}» 8vo, 
lOf. 6d, With a portrait of Addy by J. Sturt 

26. The New Testament, transl. out 
of the Latin Vulgat by John Wiclif, 
S.T.P. about 1378 : to which isprefixt a 
History of the TVanslations of the Bible 
and Testament, &c., into English, . . . 
by John Lewis, M.A. Lond., 1731, 

foL, 12*. 

No portion of Wic]ifre*8 version was previ- 
ously published. See col. 39, no. 16. ( I. ) A 
New Edition, with a Life of Wiclif, an nist 
Account of the Saxon and English Versions of 
the Soiptures, and a Glossary, by the Rev. H. 
H. Baser. Lond., 1810, 4to, 15f. ; large paper, 
2l«. 

27. The New Testament, translated 
by William Tyndalb. 1526, 12mo. 

Black letter. Tyndale's version is excellent 
vernacular Encrlish, a good literal translation, 
and in many places preferable in its renderings 
to the version now in use. For * charity,' he 
alwa^rs gives love ; for ' church,' congregation. 
' It IS astonishincf,' says Dr. Geddes, ' how 
little obsolete the language is. even at this day ; 
and in point of perspicuity ana noble simplicity, 
propriety of idiom and purity of style, no Eng- 
lish version has yet surpassed it.* T^rndale in 
a letter to John Frith, thus records his integri^ 
in the translation of the Scriptures : ' I cafl 
God to record against the day we shall ap- 
pear before our I^nrd Jesus, to give a reckon- 
ing of our doings, that I never altered one 
syllable of God's word a^r&inst my conscience, 
nor would do this day, if all that is in earth, 
whether it be honour, pleasure, or riches, might 
be given me. Moreover, I take God to witness 
to my conscience, that I desire of God to myself 
in this world, no more than that, without which 
I cannot keep his Laws.* H.) The New Tes- 
tament, pubL in 1526, by William Tynoale, 
reprintea verbatim, with a Memoir of his Life 
and Writings by George Ofpok, together with 
the Proceedings and Correspondence of Henry 
VUI. Sir T. More, and Lord Cromwell 
London, 1836, 8vo, vmh\, at 10». ^ large paper, 
in fee. 4to, with illuminated imtials, &C., at 
52». ^ The present reprint is, as regards the 
typographical execution, excellent; and Of- 
fer's bibliographical researches add not a Ettle 
to its value. At the end of the memoir are 
'Select collations of the first (1525-6) and 
second (1534) editions of Tyndale's New Tes- 
tament' Of the original eoition. supposed by 
many to have been printed at Wittemberg in 
UStiS^ only two copies are at present known : 
one, wanting 48 out of 336 leaves, is in the 
librarr of St. Paul's^ the other, firom which 
Ofibr s edition was printed, is in the library of 
the Baptist College, at Bristol, and is believed 
to have belonged to Queen Anna Boleyn. Of 
the Cologne Edition with Glosses, by some 



supposed to be the fint, no complete copy is 
known. A fragment, containing the prologue, 
and the first 22 chapters of Matthew, is in tbe 
choice and well selected library of the Rt. Hon. 
Thomas Grenville. Numerous editions of 
Tyndale's N. T. appeared 1526^ ; aU of 
which are of great pecuniary value, paiticii- 
larly when in fine preservation. 

28. New Testament in Latin and Eng- 
lish after the Vulgate Texte, which is 
red in the Churche, transl. and corrected 
by Myles Covsrdalb. Paris, by Fr. 
Reffnanlt, 1538, 8vo. 

'Printed for Richard Grafton and Edward 
Whitchurch cytezens of London.* This edition 
was printed at the expense of Bp. Bonner. In 
it the errors of the other editions of 1538 are 
corrected. Two editions, one bearing the name 
of Myles Coverdale, the other that of Johao 
HoUybushe, were printed in 1538 in South- 
warke by James Nicolson. A ct^y of the Paris 
edition was lately sold for £25. 

29. The Newe Testament, conferred di- 
ligently with the Greke andbestappitmed 
TVanslations, with the Arguments as wel 
before the Chapters, as for euery Boke 
and Epistle, also Diuersities of Readings, 
and moste profitable Annotations of idl 
harde Places: whereunto is added a 
copious Table. Geneva, by Conrad Ba> 
dius, 1557, Svo. 

This translation was made by many of the 
principal English Reformers, who had been 
driven to Geneva during the persecutiona of 
Q. Mary, and is the first in our language which 
contains the distinctions of verses by nunericml 
figiues. See Bible, printed at Genevain 1560. 
col. 40, no. 21. 

30. New Testament, trans, from Be- 
za's Latin Version by Laurence Tom> 
SON. 1576, 8to. 

This version varies very little from the Ge- 
neva Bible, to which it was continually ap- 
pended. See col. 41 , no. 21 (7.). 

31. The New Testament, translated 
faithfully into English out of the authen-. 
tical Latin, diligently conferred with 
the Greeke, and other Editions in diuers 
Languages : . . . In the English Colkge 
of &emes. Rhemes, by John Fogny, 

1582, 4to. 

Ofthis Anglo-Romish version, our historian 
Fuller remaned, that it was *a translation 
which needed to be translated,' and that itc 
editors * by all means laboured to suppren the 
light of truth, under one pretence or another.* 
I^pecting the version. Dr. Geddes observes, 
' It is a literal, and barbarous translation from 
the Vuljgrate before its last revision; and ac- 
companied with acrimonious, and ii^urioas 
annotations. The residence in a foreign coun- 
try; and what they deemed, ezfle from their 
own, corrupted the translators' language, and 
soured their tempers; and it was, unhappily, 
the common custom m those lamentable tunes 
to season every religrious controveny widi gall 



*9 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



50 



udTioegir. We do not find that Falke, Ful- 
ler, uid Cirtwrigfat, who drew their quilb 
agsiiwc the Dooay annotatOTB, were a bit more 
eovteoiis than they.' A second edition ap- 
peired at Antwerp by Vervleit in 1600, in 
wkch, sayi C. Butler, there is some variation 
IB the text and notes. 

( 1.) TheTeztofthe NewTe8tament,tranBl.out 
of the Volgar Latioe by the Papists of Rhemes. 
with Arguments of Bookes, Chapters, ana 
AnnMBtions. pretending to discover the cor- 
rapciow of divers translations, and to clear the 
coDtrmienies of these dayes. With the autho- 
riKd English Verson, and a confutation of all 
ncfa irgomentSp glosses, and annotations, as 
ooDtain manifert impiety or heresy, treason and 
ihBdn against the Catholic Church of God 
tad the true teachers thereof, or the transla- 
tioDSQsed in the Church of England, by Wm. 
Fi LIE, D J). London 1617, foL, 20t. ' A 
T€fy complete reply to tne Romanists' notes.' — 
Rev.£.BiGkersteth. In this volume, the Rhe- 
nish tod the Bishops* translation are placed 
in panUd columns. Mr. C. Butler, though a 
CtthoHc^ candidly recommends the work as 
very conoQs, and deserving of attention ; and 
Ortte observes,it ' is entitled to a place in every 
critictl library.' At the end is an elaborate 
<lc^noe of the English versions against Gre- 
wry Martin. (2.^ Another Edition. Lon- 
wa, 1633, fol,4^ Fulke's elaborate work first 
■ppeaied in 1586, and was reprinted in 1601. 
(3.) A Confutation of the Rhemists' Trans- 
■tiea, Glosses, and Annotations of the New 
Testament, by Thomas Cabtw right. Lon- 
<loB, 1618. foL, 21s. Published under the 
«Bpices of Abp. Abbot. It displays the cele- 
Dfited Puritan Cartwright's extensive acquaint- 
tnoe with the Scriptures, and the power of his 
coBtnTvernal talents. 

(1) New Testament, transl. out of the Latin 
Vi]nfte,with Annotations and marginal Notes, 
iyCfomelhis] NrABYl,C.F.P.D. [Dublin], 
m^ 8vo, 2 vols., 12i. This English Ro- 
■iB Cathouc Testament has a few. but very 
K» Botes. ' The translation is saia to be re- 
•PectsbW executed.'— C. Butler. A full ac- 
^Mtoi the version will be found in Lewis' 
natOTf of Eog^b Translations of the Bible. 

(5.) New Testament, transL from the Jjitin 
Vftlgate. with Annotations by R. W[btham], 
]^. [I>ooay], 1730-3, 8vo, 2 vols., 12i. 
j|Bii English version, ' on the ^und-work of 
theRheimsh and Doway version, has many 
••we and useful notes.' — C. Butler. An 
^MBtof the edition will be found in Lewis' 
5f**7' The notes, says Orme, * are meagre 
^ iB«tis£Kctory. Dr. Wetham footishly 
ittanis to prove that the Vulgate is more cor> 
Ret than the Greek text !' 

(^) New Testament, first published by the 
5yM> College at Rheims, in 1582, with An- 
*<"*iBBs. ficc Corrected and revised, and 
WweU of by Dr. TnoY , R.C. Abp. of Dub- 
m. Dablin,18l3. Some copies bear the date 
; WWL (7.) Notes on the Preface to the 
»Mh Testament printed in Dublin, 1813. 
J^riilin, 1817, 8vo, 150 pages. 
L ^(8.) N ew Testament Dublin, 1820. A 
yat yped edition of the Rhemish N. T. Orme 
•*■"«» • It has no notes, and retains all the 
y^Milations, and obscure techmcal phrase- 
•*»fy of the original edition.' 



(9.) New Testament London. 1828. 8vo. 
Neatly printed uniformly with the polyglot 
works published by Bagster. There are a few 
parallel passages and notes, and an historical 
index prefixed. 

32. New Testament. London, 1611. 

foL 

First edition of the English authorised ver- 
sion. See col. 43, no. 24. 

33. New Testament, with References 
under the Text in words at length, so 
that the Parallel Teicts may be seen at 
one view, by the Rev. Francis Fox, 
M.A. London, 1722, 8vo, 2 vols., 155. 

A very useful publication, much less known, 
or less used, than it deserves. (I.) Second Edi- 
tion. London. 1742, 8vo, 2 vols., 18». 

•»• For editions of the Holy Bible and parts 
thereof with commentaries or notes^ as also for 
other English versions of the Scnptures, see 
(jmt) Sacred Philology — Commentaries, 6tc. 

34. Welsh.— Y B^ibl Cyssegr—Lan. 
Sef yr hen Destament, a'r Newydd. Lon- 
don, C.& R. Barker, 1588, fol., £20. 

Black letter. This Welsh version of the 
Holy Scriptures was published by William 
Morgan, Bp. of Llandaff, and afterwards of 
St Asaph, and was principally designed for 
churches. The execution is el^ant and cor- 
rect (1.) Another Edition. London, 1620, 
fol., £5. 5s. This, usually called * Parry's Bi- 
ble,* having been corrected by R. Parry, Bp. 
of St. Asapn, is the basis of all subsequent eoi- 
bons. (2.) Another. 1654. Edited by the 
Rev. Stephen Hughes. Another also edited 
by Hughes, appeared 1675-7? (3.) Another. 
Oxford, 1690, fol. Published under the in- 
spection of Bp. Lloyd. Other editions appeared 
in octavo in 1630, 54, 78, 90, 1718, &c. (4.) 
Another. Camb., 1746, 8vo, 10». This edition 
by Joseph Bentham is a very excellent one. 
(5.) Bible in Welsh bv Peter Williams. 
Carmarthen, 1779, 4to. This edition, which in- 
cludes a Welsh Concordance, is, in many re- 
spects, a grood one, though supposed to contain, 
in two or three passsges of the reflections at the 
end of the chapters, a tincture of SabellianLsm. 
—Dr. E. Williams. (6.) Bible in Welsh. 
Oxford, 1821. crown 8vo, 7». This beautiful 
edition, whicn likewise contains the Liturgy 
and Psalms, was published by the Society for 
Promoting Christian Knowledge. (7.) Bible, 
in Welsh, printed at the Clarendon press, Ox- 
ford, demy fol., 40«. \ demy fol. on nne paper 
55s. ; med. 8vo, mimon type, with references, 
apocrypha, services, and psalms, 125. 

35. New Testament in Welsh. Lon- 
don, by U. Dbnham, 1567, sm. 4to, 

£10. 10*. 

This version was made by William Salesbury , 
assisted by Richard Davis, Bp. of St David s, 
and Thomas Huet, Chanter of St. David's, the 
former of whom translated the five Epi^es, 
the latter, the Revelations. 

36. Irish.— Books of the Old Testa- 
ment, in Irish. London, 1685, 4to, 635. 

Printed in the vernacular Iri«»h character, at 

R 



51 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



52 



the expense of the Hon. Robert Boyle, and 
under me iiMpection of the excellent and pious 
William Bedel, Bp. of Kihnore. The trans- 
lators were, says Dr.Townley, an a^ ^^' 
man named Ku^^ and Dennis Shendan. Two 
editions of theBible appeared in 1690, one in 
the Roman, the other in the Irish character.— 
Dr. Townley. 

37. Bible, in the Irish Character. 

Dublin, 1827, 8vo. 

A handsome edition. Several editions of the 
Bible in Iruh have been published by the 
British and Foreign Bible Society, &c 

38. New Testament, in Irish, publ. 
by William Dannibll, Abp. of Dub- 
lin. 1608. 

A reprint of this edition appeared in 1828. Dr. 
Townley mentions one of the date of 1612, which 
he says was published by William Daniel, Abp. 
of Tuam : the province of Connaught and Sir 
William Usher, Clerk of the Council, defray- 
ing the expense of the edition. (1.) An Edition. 
Dublin, 1 829. This ' abounds, in almost every 
page, with errors in orthograpny and syntax.' 

39. New Testament transl. into Irish 
by William O'Domhnuill. London, 

1681, 4to, Z58, 

Printed at the expense of the Hon. Robert 
Boyle. An account of the Irish versions of the 
Scriptures will be found in Anderson's Sketches 
of the Native Irish, 1830. 

40. Manks. — ^Yn Vible Casherick: 
&c. Whitehaven, 1775, 4to. 

A neat edition of the Bible in the Manks 
Version, printed at the expense of the Societv 
for Promoting Christian Knowledge. (1.) 
Auother. London, 1819, 8vo, 9s. A b^u- 
tiiiil and accurate edition publbhed by the 
British and Foreign Bible Society. 

4 1 . GaeUc. — Leabraichean an T-seann 
Tiomnaidh, &c. Duneidin, 1826. 4to. 

This, which may be considered as the stand- 
ard edition of the Gaelic Bible, was revised by 
a committee of Clergymen appointed by the 
General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. 
Several editions of the Gaelic Bible have been 

fublished by the Bible Society. (1.) Gaelic 
tible, edited by the Society m Scotland for 
Promoting Christian Knowledge. Part 1. 
The Pentateuch. 1820, 4ito, 5s. ; Urge paper, 7<. 

42. German. — Biblia Sacra, Ger- 

manice. 

The first printed edition of the Bible in any 
modem language, savs Dr. Townley, was in 
the German, supposed to be printed by John 
Mentelin. but without date, place^ or printer's 
name. Fust also printed an edition at Mentc 
in 1462, in two folio volumes. Bemler*s ap- 
peued at Auprsburgh, in 1467 ; and four ver- 
sions are mentioned bj Beausobre in his Hist, 
de la Reformation, liv. 4. An historical and 
critical account of the first six German Bibles, 
printed from 1462 to 1467, was published bv 
Nast, and an excellent treatise by Griesbach 
on the different kinds of German translations of 
the Scripture will be found in Eichhom's Re- 
pertorium Lit. Bibl. et Orient, vol. vi. 



43. Biblia Germanica, Ton D. Martin 

LUTHBR. 1534. 

First complete edition. The German venioB 
was received with admiration bj the most 
learned fmd judicious men, and to it ' many of 
the modem European versions bear a strong re- 
semblance. Before Luther's death one or more 
European venions had been made from it, and 
it afterwards became the ground-woi4 of 
others.' — Dr. Townley. Different parts of the 
O. T. werepublished in preeeding yean, and 
the New Testament by Luther, assisted by 
Melancthon, appeared in 1522. (1.) Bibln 
Germanica, das ist die gantze heilige Schrift, 
au6 neu zugericht D. Martin Luther. Wit- 
temberg, gedruckt durch Hans Lufft, 1541, 
fol., 2 vols. Of all the editions of lus ver- 
sion the venerable Reformer bestowed the 
greatest care in revising and correcting this of 
1541. It is beautifiilly printed in black letter 
and ornamented with wood-cuts. An unique 
copy, which had been Luther's own copy, and 
constantly used bv him until his decease, was 
in 1829 purchased at an auction for the British 
Museum, for the sum of £255. (2.) Die Bibet, 
ubersetzt von M. Luther. 8vo, lOt. ; 2^nto, 
6s. ; Ace. Ace. Luther is generally supposed to 
have made his version directly fi^ the origi- 
nal Hebrew and Greek. A full account of 
the version, the order in which the books 
were taken, and the labour taken in revising 
them, may be seen in Waltherus* Offidna Bi- 
blica, Le Long's Bibl. Sacra, and Mayer*s 
Historia Vers. Germ. S.S. Biblior. Luther. 
(3.) G. W. Panzer's Entwurf einervoUstiixKii- 
gen Geschichteder Deutschen Bibelubers^tzung 
Martin Luthers von 1517-81, mit Zusiitxen. 
Niimberg, 1791. This plan of a complete 
history of M. Luther's German translations of 
the Bible is well worthy of notice. 

44. Pentaglott Bible. Wandsbej^, 
1710-2, 4to, 3 vols. 

This contains five different German venions 
— viz. Ulenberg's Romish version; Luther's 
German version ; Piscator's version of the Re- 
formed Church ; the Jewish Gennan of the 
O. T., by Joseph Athias, and of the N . T^ by 
J. H. Reitzen ; and the authorized version of 
the Belgic Provinces or Dutch : to which were 
added the Apocryphal books or the O. T., and 
several of the Apocrypha) E^^istles. — ^Dr. 
Townley. 

45. French. — ^Bible^ en Francoys, par 
Guiars Des Moulins. 

Father Simon says that the French version of 
the Scriptures, attributed to Guiars Des Mou- 
lins, is no other than the translation of Comes- 
tor*s Scholastica Historia, thouprh it appears 
without the glosses or interpretationa. 

46. Bible, en Francoys, selon la 
Trad, de S. Hi^rome par Jacques Lk 
Fbvrb d'Eataples. Anvere, Blaitin 
I'Empercur, 1530, fol., £6. 6s, 

Black letter with wood-cuts. Second edition 
of the French Bible. The first appeared in 
8vo, in six parts, publ. separately, 1523, &g. 
Le Fevre's version of part of the Bible, printed 
at Paris, having incurred the censure of Par- 
liament, Aug. 28, 1525, a decree was issued 



&3 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



54 



ooadenmu^ hit tnntlarioM. He was oonse- 
oaendy oUjured to get the remainder printed at 
Antwerp. The translation is said to be the 
bass Of all the subsequent French Bible^ 
wfaedier executed by Roman Catholics or Pro- 
ttttaats. (I.) La S. Bible. Anvers, Martin 
Lempereor, 1534, fobo. Black letter. (2.) 
US. Bible. Anvers, 1560, fobo. This edition 
wi»refiMd by the dirines of Louvain, and has 
been repeatedly printed. 



48. Bible» en Francos le uieil de 

Lebrieu and le nouueau ou Gh'ec, par M. 

Eobert Oliubtanus [et Jean Calvin]. 

Neofchastel, 1535, fol., 63s, 

Black letter. This, the first French Protes- 
taat rersioo, was finished in 1537, the date in 
the title page being the year in which it was 
fint committed to press. The greater part of 
tke version was executed by Calvin. It was 
pnotcd at the cost of the Vaudois, the expense 
ning fifteen hundred crowns of gold. (1). La 
Kbfe. [Geneve] 1540. 4to, &. With ad- 
ihtiooal references by Calvin. Korthold in his 
treatiM 'de vanis Scripture editionibus' ob- 
crrci, 'Quod ad Bibiia attinet Genevensia, 
■nt iUa prima, qus ex ipsu fontibus, Hebrso 
ioficet et Greco textu, idiomate Gallico ex- 
pRHa, idqoe a Roberto Obvetano, c^ius 
vcniooem poete« revidit, in multis eastigavit, 
Gajlieimque magis et intellectn fiunliorem red- 
<Uit epB propinquus J<^iannes Calvinus.' 

49. Bible, arec Argumens et Anno- 
tations. [Gen^e], 1562, foL 

Dm Protestant version made from the Italian 
trtDilation of Diodati, was for a short time held 
is wtimation by the Calvinists. (1.) Bible. 
Gesere, 1563, foL 

50. Bible, Latin et Fran9oi8, avec 
ABootationa par Ren^ Bbkoist. Paris, 
1566, foL, 30«. 

Ths edition was condemned by a brief of 
Pope Gregory XDI. in 1575. (1.) Bible. 
Pvi», 156B, 4to, 2 vols. (2.) Bible. Aovers, 
1575. 7\m edition was undertaken by the di- 
▼iaet of Louvaia, who fireed it from the cor- 
Kctiooi of the reformed, and made it altogether 
oofmnable to the Latin. 

51. Bible, par Seb. Casta lio. Ba- 
oU 1566, 12«. 

This French translation, acoommodated to 
Caitalio*6 Latin venion, was never held in any 
crtcem. It is said to be as barbarous French, 
■ Csitalio's Latin version is elegant. 

52. Bible, revue et conf^r^ siu' les 
Testes H^brenz et Grecs par les Pas- 
tcvB et Doctetnn de I'Eglise de Geneve. 

Gcnftve, 1588, 4to, 1 5s. 

Cahrin't traoalation thoroughly revised by the 
{^Mott of Geneva. It is generally called the 
Gvieva Bible, and has been repeatedly printed. 
(l.)Bn>le. Geneve.l805,fol..31f.6d.;8vo,3 
«««.. 24*. Revwed by the College of Pastors 
•t Gcaevs. The complaint against this edition 
cf the Bible is that many of the passages rela- 
tive to the divinity of our Lord have been 
ikuul, R> as to present a Knee essentially dif- 
Crom that of the former translations. 



particularly that of Calvin in 1535, and from 
those in use among the other reformed churches. 

53. Bible, nouvelle traduction con- 
forme k la Vulgaire du Sexte V. [par 
Jacques Corbin^ et approuv^ par 
rUniversit^ de Poictiers. Paris, 1643, 
l6mo, 8 vols., 24s. 

This version is now but little esteemed. 

54. Bible de la Version de Gen^e 
revue et corrig^e par S. et H. Dksma- 
BKT8. Amst, L. et D. Elxeviers, 1669» 
imper. foL 2 vols. 

A superb edition, by many conaidered the 
master-piece of the Elzevhr press. 

55. Bible en Latin, avec la Traduction 
Fran9oise k c6t^, et PezpUcation du sens 

fropre, littoral et spirituel, par Louis 
saac le Maistre de Sacy, P .T. du Fosse, 
et Bbaubrun. Paris, 1682, &c. 8vo, 
32 vols., 60s. 

The early editions of this work are preferred, 
both for their correctness and beauty of typo- 
^phy. The version, more elegant than exact, 
is even at the present day, the most in favour. 
(1.) Bible. Fans [Amst], 1711, sm. 12mo, 
8 vols., 20s. A very neat edition. 

56. Bible ezpliqu^e par David Mar- 
tin. Amst., 1707, fol., 2 vols., 42*. 

Mr. Martin revved the Geneva version, and 
corrected it so materially, that it b fref^uently 
considered as a new translation. His short 
notes contain much ^ropd sense, learning and 
mety. Martin was mmister of the Protestant 
Church at Utrecht, and his edition has been 
frequently reprinted. ( 1 . ) Bible revue sur les 
Ongrinaux, et retouchee dans le Langage, par 
David Martin, avec Tlndication des Passages 
Paralleles. Paris, 1820, 8vo, lOt.; vellum 

Kper, 20i. ' Les livres dits Apocryphes' will 
found in most copies. 

57. Bible, en Latin et en Francois de 
Sacy, avec un Commentaire, Littoral et 
Critique, par D. Aug. Calmbt. Paris, 
1724, fol., 8 torn, en 9 vols., 73s. 6d. 

CaUnet*s resolution was to take from the best 
commentators, that which appeared to him most 
just and solid, in order to give a literal exposi- 
tion. Walchius in his Bibi. TheoL, pronounces 
a strong but well-merited eulogium on the work 
Dr. A. Clarke observes, ' It contains the Latin 
text of the Vulgate, and a French version, in 
collateral columns, with the notes at the bottom 
of each pafTC It nas a vast apparatus of pre- 
fiu!e and dissertations, in which uimense learn- 
ing, good sense, sound iudgment. and deep 
piety are invariably displayed. This is, with- 
out exception, the best comment on the Sa<3red 
Writings ever published, either by Catholics 
or Protestants.* 

58. Bible par les Pasteurs de Geneve, 
avec des Reflexions et des Notes par J. 
F. OsTBRVALD. Amst., 1 724, fol., 25s. 

Ostervald*s revised text, frequently but er- 
roneously termed a version, has been several 



55 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



56 



times printed. His arguments and reflections 
are very valuable, and have been liberally con- 
sulted by later commentators. (1.) Bible, par 
J. F. OsTERVALD. Neufchatel, 1744, fol., 2 
vols., 90s. This edition was printed under the 
immediate inspection of M. Ostervald, an 
eminent divine of the French Protestant church. 
(2.) Bible, par J. F. Ostebvald. Neufch., 
1772, fol., 30«. This reprint is by some con- 
sidered the best edition. ^3.) Arguments of 
the Books and Chapters of tne New Testament, 
by J. F. Ostervald, transl. by J. Chamber- 
lay ne. London. 1718, 8vo, 3 vols., 15s. ; thick 
paper, 25s. This translation was made at 
the request, and under the patronage of the 
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. 
It was reprinted in 1749, 8vo, 3 vols., 1 5s., and 
subsequently in 8vo, and in 12mo. In these 
arg^uments, &c., says Orme, ' there are many 
useful things, though it is by no means a pro- 
found work, and the sentiments are occa- 
sionally incorrect.' 

59. Bible. Nouvelle Version par 
Charles Le Cbne. Amst., 1741, fol., 185. 

Prohibited by the States of Groningen on 
account of the Socinian tenets of the author. 
A translation of the preface was published by 
L. Ross^ entitled An Essay towards a new 
Translation of the Bible. See post Sacred Phi- 
lology. 

60. Bible, avec un Commentaire 
littoral et des Notes choisies, tir^s de 
divers Auteurs Anglois, &c., par Charles 
Chais. La Uaye, &c., 1743-90, 4to, 
8 vols., 63*. 

A judicious version with a valuable comment 
on the Old Testament as far as the historical 
books. 

61. Bible, en Latin et en Francois, 
avec des Commentaires et des Notes, 
redig^es par PAbb^ de Vencb. Paris, 
1748, 4to, 14 vols. 

An esteemed work. (1.) Bible, en Lat. et 
en Fran^., aves des Notes, des Prefaces, 
&c., tiroes du Commentaire de D. Calmet, de 
I'Abb^ de Vence, &c, Seconde Edit.^ augm. 
par L. E. Rondet, avec Fiirures. Avignon et 
Paris, 1767-73, 4to, 17 vols. (2.) Bible de 
Vence. Cinquieme Edition, soign. r^vue et 
augment^e d'un grand nombre de Notes par 
M. Draoi, Rabbin convert!, et enrichie de 
nouvelles Dissertations. Paris, 1827-34, 8vo, 
27 vols, et Atlas en 4to. M. Brunet observes 
that the alterations in this edition made to 
please the then dominant party in the Romish 
church were by no means satisfectory to divines. 
Much curious information respecting la S. 
Bible de Vence will be found in Home's In- 
troduction, vol. ii, p. ii, p. 234, no. 14. 

62. Bible, en Latin et en Frangois, 
Buivie d*un Dictionnaire etymologique, 
geoffraphique et arch^logicjue [par M. 
Barbier du Bocagk]. Pans, 1828-34, 
Svo, 13 vols. 

The Latin Vulgate with De Sacy*s French 
version, also 64 engravings after the designs of 
Dev^ria. 



62a. Bible, imprim^e siir PEdition de 
Paris, de PAnn^ 1805. Londres, 12nu>, 
publ. at lbs. 

This edition was revised throughout under 
the direction of the Committee of the Bible 
Society. 

63. Nouveau Testament, trad, par J. 
Lb Fbvrb. Paris, 8. Colin., 1524, Svo. 

An edition, without date^ is said to have been 
printed, ' Anvers, Martin Lempereur,' in 
black letter, with woodcuts. 

64. Nouveau Testament, trad, en 

Fran^ais sur le Vulgate, avec les DiSi- 

rences du Grec. Mons [Leyde, Ebe- 

vier], 1667, 12mo, 2 vols. 

This version was greatly esteemed by the 
Jansenists. It was made by Antoine Le Maitre, 
and Isaac Louis Le Maistre de Sacy, with the 
assistance of the celebrated Port Royalists. 
Amaud, Nicole. Claude Sainte-Marthe, ana 
Pierre Thomas du Fosse. 

65. Nouveau Testament, avec des Re- 
flexions morales sur chaque verset, park 
P^re QuESNEL, 1671-80. 

lliis translation is made more conformabJe 
to the Vulgate than that published at Mons in 
1667, and is accompanied with moral reflec- 
tions, which are jui^y admired for their piety. 
It is, says the iCev. E. Bickersteth, * A very 
spiritual, devout, and heavenly-minded work ; 
but not always clear and evangelical in doc- 
trine.' Dan. Wilson, Bp. of Calcutta, after 
alluding to the bitter persecution which Ques- 
uel sufiered, observes ' it has yet made its way, 
during 150 years, into every part of Christen- 
dom, and, at this moment stands unrivalled in 
its particular class. We have no work of the 
same kind — ^we have nothing in praj^cal di- 
vinity so sweeLso spiritual, so interior as to 
the real life of mce—ao rich, so copious, so 
original.' (1.) N. T. par le P. Quesnel. 
Paris, 1692, 8vo, 4 vols., 18*. Numerous other 
editions have appeared in 8vo, 4 vols., and 
in 12mo, 8 vols. (2.) New Testament, 
with morel reflections upon every vene, by 
Pasquier Quesnel, transl. by Richard Russkl. 
London, 1719-25. 8vo. 4 vols,, 42s. Dr. Adam 
Clarke observes that ' the author was a man of 
deep piety^ and were it not fOT the rigid pre- 
destinarianism which it contains, it would, at a 
spiritual comment, be invaluable.* 

66. Nouveau Testament traduit de 
Latin en Francois par les Th^logiens 
de Louvain. Bourdeaux, chez Jacques 
Mongiron Millanges, 1686. 

It is supposed that nearly the whole of this 
impression was destroyed. (1.) Memoir of a 
French Translation of the New Testament, in 
which the Mass and Purgatory are found in 
the Sacred Text, together with Bishop Kid- 
der's Reflections on the same, accompanied by 
Notes, [and a bibliographical memoir on (be 
Bourdeaux New Testament] by Henry Cotton, 
LL.D. Lond. 1827,8vo,10i.6d. Best edition. 
Bishop Kidder's pamphlet appeared in 1690. 

66 a. Nouveau Testament, trad, sur 



57 



HOLY SCRIPTURES. 



58 



Pancienne Edition Latine, avec des Re- 
nwrques literales et critiques snr lea 
princiiwles Difficoltez, par Ric. Simon. 
Trevonz, 1702, 8vo, 4 vols. 

SimoD often corrects the Vulgate by the 
Greek text, and introduoes the various read- 
ings of vam, and lathers. The circulation of 
Id* translation of the Vulgute was pro- 
kibiled hy Card. Noailles. In his version, 
Orme obenres, Father Simon commits the same 
faohs of which he had so pointedly accused 
oIlMn; depsurting from the Vulgate, using 
freedoms with the original text, and sporting 
novel stmI contradictory opinions. Dr. Camp- 
bell says the tranftlation is a j^ood one, but it 
vOl not bear to be tried by Simon's own rules 
sad maxims. 

67. Nouveau Testament trad, en 

Franks, avec des Notes litt^rales pour 

^ckimr le Texte par M. M. de Bbau- 

80B&B et L'Enpant. Amst., 1718, 

4to, 2 vols., ISs. 

lis version is highly and deservedlv es- 
Icemed for its closeness. (1.) N. T. Amst 
1741, 4to, 2R Best edition. (2.) N. T. 
AmstL 1745, 4to, 2 vols., 2h. (3.) Remar- 

rs hotoriqnes, critiques et philologiques sur 
Nouveau Testament, par M. Beausobrs. 
A h Haye, 1742, 4to, 18*. This work contains 
ly judicioQS observations. 



68. Italian. — Bibbia, volgarizzata da 

Niccolo Malbbmi or Malbrbi. Ve- 

nezia, 147 1» fol., 2 vols. 

From the Latin Vulgate. Another Italian 
veraon appeared without place or printer's 
Bsme in 1471, fol., 2 vols. Malermis trans- 
lation has becsn firequently reprinted. 

69. Biblia, trad, per Antonio Bru- 
ciou. Vinegia, 1532, fol. 

First edition. Brucioli professes to have 
Blade has vo^n from the original languages, 
bat Wslchius says that he chiefly followed the 
Latin translation of Pagninus. Father Simon 
inlBrms as that Bradoli differed in his plan 
from that pursued by other Cathdic doctors, 
whose only object in publishing their versions 



Jis sor roriginal Hebreu.' His version of 
the N. T. appeued in 1530, and was followed, 
St intervals during two years, by translations of 
the rfst of the sacred books. Brucioli's Bible 
«ai ranked among prohibited books of the first 
dssi, in the Index of the Council of Trent ; 
sad all bis works, published or to be published, 
were formally intotlicted as heretical. 

70. Biblia trad, dalla Ebraica verita 
per Maestro Santi Marmochino, ag- 
ginntovi il terzo libro de Macabei. Ve- 
oena, 1538, fol. 

Reprinted 1542, kc 

71. Bibbia, con molte et utili Anno- 
titiom. [Genev.] 1562, em, fol. 

The author of this version, or recognition of 
Bneioirs version, was Philippus Husticius. 



' Hsc versio nraho purior est ae degmntior, 
quaro praecedero, ab Antonio Brucioli in 
lucem prolata.' Le Long, Bibl. Sacra, ii, 136. 

72. Biblia da Giov. Diodati. 1607, 
fol., 30s. 

This elegant version has superseded in a 
great measure all the preceding ones. Fa- 
ther Simon accuses Diodati of inserting a great 
number of particles and supplementary words 
not to be met with in the original. (1.) Se- 
conda Editione migliorata ed accresduta. 
Geneva, P. Chovet, 1641, fol 27». Best 
edition. The copper-plate title-page bean the 
date of 1640. (2.) Edizione nueva reveduta 
da G. RoLANDi, corredata di un Indice jirene- 
rale. Londra, 1819, 8vo, 16f. (3.) Edizione 
altera. Londra, 1825, 12mo. Published by 
Bagster. 

73. Biblia con Annotazioni dal P. A. 
Martini. Torino, 1769-81, 8vo, 23 
vols. 

The Vulgate text is in a parallel column 
with the Italian version. The translation was 
fully sanctioned by the Pope. (1.) Biblia. 
Prato, 1817, 8vo, 31 vols., £5. 5i. An edition 
of Martini*8 version appeared at London in 
1821, 8vo, 15s. 

74. Spanish. — Biblia en Lengna Es- 
pafiola. Valencia, 1478. 

The earliest edition of the Scriptures in the 
Spanish language executed from the Vulgate. 
A translation of the N. T. in Spanish appeared 
in 1478, and one of the Pentateuch was pub- 
lished at Amsterdam, also in 1478. The Court 
of Inouisition was established by Ferdinand and 
Isabella in 1480, and their Catholic Maiesties 
in an early edict enacted 'that no one should 
translate the Scriptures into the vulgar ton^rae, 
or have them in their possession, under pam oi 
the severest punishments.' 

75. Biblia en Lengua Espafiola, por 

E. PiNBL. Ferrara, Jeron. de Vargas, 

1553, fol. 

Black letter, printed for the use of the Chris- 
tians. A much earlier Spanish translation than 
this was made by some learned Jews. ' which 
has been attributed too hastily to R. D. Kimchi.' 
—Rev. J. W. Whittaker. 

76. Biblia en Lengua Espafiola. Fer- 
rara, Yom Tob. Atias, 5315 [1553], foL 

Black letter. Printedfortheuseof the Jews. 
It is the same as the preceding, and was pub- 
lished u nder the auspices of the JDuke of Ferrara. 
(1.) Biblia Espanola. JAmst] 5390 [1630]. 
folio. A reprint of the former edition, revis^ 
by Manasseh Ben IsraeL 

77' Biblia en Espafiol [por Cassiodoro 
ReynaI. 1569, 4to, 31 s, 6d. 

This edition is commonly called the Bear*s 
Bible, from the printer's device in the title- 
page. Some copies are of the date of 1622, and 
nave three additional leaves containing Anno- 
tationes breves. It is a translation from the 
origrinal language, with the assistance of the 
Ijitin versions of Pagninus and Leo Juda. The 
edition of 1569 is preferable to the subsequent 
reprints, which are supposed to have been mu- 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



^b 



lilated. (1.) Biblift, . . . raviMa j coofendi 
oon toaTcitoB Hcbreca y Griegw, T con diver- 
Mi TmnlidmiM pnr Cyprian de Vilihj. 
AmsL, 1603, fotio. Id this revised ediliao Cy- 
prian de Valera, B FnitfEtBDt, made great lue 
of the GesevaD French Bible. 

78. Biblia Vulgata LatiiiB troducida 
en EspaSol r anotadft confonne al Sen- 
tido de los SaDtos Padres y EipositoreB 
Catholicoa por el Padre Phelipe Scio. 
ValenciB, Orgo, 1790-3, foL, 10 ToU. 

Beit editioQ of Scio'i version, ia 

bocAsellGr'a catalogue ■) 

. . eon Fiffuru. Madrid o, 

TOk^ £5. 5t. 'iTiert are eopie ii- 

.-D both nith and withoutthe L> 1.) 

Biblia. . . porelP.Phel.Scio. I 6, 

■m. 4to, 16 vols. (3.) Biblia. 5, 

evo,, ISt. A aeti edition of Si ah 

79- Biblia por Don Felix Totrea 
Abmata. 1S24, 4to, 8 toIb. 

FVom the Latin Vul^te, ivith notes. Thirty 
thousand copies are said to have been worked 
oB', part of whicii waa deadned for America. 

80. Nuevo TeBtatnento en Lengua 
Cagtellana par FrBncisco de Enzikas, 
Enuerea, en casa de Eateuan Mierd- 
msnno, 1543, am. 8to. 

Thii, the first edition of the N.T. 'en leorua 
CaatellaiiB,' is much rarer than the fiunoui Fer- 
rara Bible. 

(1.) £1 Teelamenlo Nvevo trad, en Ro- 
mance CaiiellBQa. Veneda, luan Philodel- 
pho, 15G6, 12mo. 

81. Portuguese. — Velho Teatamento, 
trad, em Portnguez par Jono ForreirB 
D'Alhbida y Jacob opden Akkbr. 
BataTia, 1748-63, Bro, 2 Tola. 

Pereira tikewiie pat forth a Bible traniL 
from the Vulnte, at Liabon ic 1783, and a 
N.T. in 1761. 

(1.) O Novo Teatamenlo trad, en Fortugniea 
peto Padre Joam Ferreira a D'Almeidi. 
Anut, Joam Crelliui, 1711, ISmo, lb. 6d. 

82. Hebrew. — Novum Testamentum, 
Hebraice, atudio El. Huttkhi. See 
col. 9, no. 7. 

S3. Novum Teatamentum, Hebraice, 
edidit Gid. RoBBRTeox. Lend., 1661, 

Hutter's veroon revised, corrected, and po- 
rified in many places. 

84. Book of the New Covenant bf 
Our Lord and Saviour Jcbub the Mes- 
siah, tnnsl. from the Greek into He- 
brew [by William GsBBNriBLD]. Lon- 
don, 1831, fac. 8vo, and 32mo, publ. at 

Greenfield's philological laboDn aie ex- 
traordinary; his translatian displays profound 
Bcholar^p. His early death deprived Bib- 
inal literature of one who united the most mir- 
prinng- aptitude for the acquisition of tan)[ua^es, 



with critieal acomen, 

judgment, and the n .___.-^ 

—iwned with fervent piety, and i 



laborious dilittence, 

vent piety, and uD^ectad 

modesty. A memoir of him will be found in 



the ^perial Magaiine for Jan.and Feb. IR34. 
*,* ForparticalarsreapeclingotberMadeni 

Versiona of the Scriptnns consah the vaiioM 
■ the ooL 1—7, 



1 . libri Veterta Teatamenti Apocryphi 
omnes, Onece, ad Exeraplar. Vatic, ex- 

preaai [nira Lud. Lbusdbki]. Fraa- 
cof, ad Moen. 1694, 8vo, 4«. 

The Apocryphal Books attached to the Old 
Teetament, are to be (bund iti the various poly- 
glot editiom of the Bible, and in meat of l&e 
larger editions of the Septnaginl venioiL Dr. 
Masch in bis Hi bliotheca Sacra has deseribed 
the various editioiB, as well cotleetiTelT as of 
particular books. Mr. Horoe has also ffiven an 
account of the Apocryphal Books and Vi'rrtiii^ 
(I.) Libri Apocryphi, Grttce, latrodadioaaii 
prteiaisitGea.Jo. Hehiids. Haln, 17n,Svo, 
4i. (2.) Libri V. T. Apocryphi, Text. Gr. re- 
cognovit el var. Lect Delectum adiecil J. C. 
G. AuousTi. LipsiE, 1804, 8vo, 7>. 

2. Books of the ApHxrypha, viiii cii- 
tical and hiatoricBl Obaervationsi two 
introductory Diacourees, and a Sketch 
of the History of the Jewq from tlie 
cesBBtion of Prophecy in Malachi to the 
final dissolution of their State under ths 



The Apocrypha tbe Church of Englaitd 
' doth Rad for example of life.and inlmctiaa 
of tnanneiB, but does not apply them to eitablish 

The Apocrypha is printed in various siies, 
and at prices varying tram 1). 3il, to 4i, 

3. Five Books of Maccabees in En- 
glish, with Notes and lUustratione, bj 
Henry Cotton, D.C.L. Oxford, 1B33, 

8V0, 10*. 

A necesaary supplemeut to our authorised 
English version of the Bible. The fourth and 
fifth books for the first time app«r in an En- 
glish translation in this btMUttfully printed 
volume. A translation of the Third Book of 
Maccabees is subjmned to Bp. Wilion'i Bible, 
printed al Balh in ITSSl 

4. Sapientia Jeau filii Sirachi, Gmc^ 
Textum ad fidem Codd. et Veraa. emen- 
davit et illustravit I. G. Lindb. Gb- 
dani, 179S, Bvo, 3*. 6d. 

A good edition. (I.) Liber Jess Siraeida, 
Grace, ad fidem Codd, et t'eraa. emeodatos et 
perpetua adnotatione illustratus a C. G. Bbet- 
scHHEinea. Ratiab., 1806, 8vo. IBi. Ba> 
edition, with an admirable commeulary. (2.) 
Uber Ecclenailicns ; The Book of the Church, 
or EcclesiaaticuB, transl. &om the Latin Vul- 
gate by Luke Howard, F.R.8. Loud., 18ST, 
royal 8vo, 4(. This vereion is in no estimalioa. 
Addison in the CISth number of (he Spectator, 



61 



APOCRYPHAL BOOKS. 



62 



oterra that were the ooUecCum entitled £o- 
deaiMticas, or the Wiedomof Jenistlie Son of 
Sine, imntd under the name of ConiiichiSy or 
one of the seges of Greece, it would be re> 
gwded as one oi the moft brilliant moral 
erer pubhsbed. 



4 a. Apocrypha of the Book of Daniel, 
containiiw the Story of Suaannah, the 
Prayer of Axariah, with the Hymn of 
the lliree Children, and the History of 
Bd and the Draffon, tranaL from the 
Vulgate Latin, wiUi Notes, and a short 
TrealiBe on the Matter contained in these 
Pieces, by Lake Howabd,F.R.S. Lond., 
1829> roy. 8to, 4s, 

5. Book of Jasher, with Testimonies 
and Notes : to which is prefixed Various 
Rea£ng8. TranaL into English from 
the Hdirew by Alcoin of Britain. 
Printed in the Year 1751, 4to, Zs. 6d. 

The work of an insane infidel, Jacob lUve. a 
prinler and letter-founder, exposed in the 
MoetUy Reriew for Dec 1751. (1.) Book of 
Jaiher. Bristol. 1829. 4to, pubL at 10». 6d. 
An iBa^nowleaged reprint of Hive's formsrj, 
vkb some unimportant variations. (2.) Bwlio- 
fiaphical Notes on the Bookof Jasbier by T. H. 
floawi, BJ>. Lond. 1833. 8vo. pp. 11. A 
portiso of the indefoti^ble authors 'Intro- 
docdon to the Holy Scriptures.' A small im- 
proKioa was thrown ofi'for private disUibution. 
Ab irticle on *The Book of Jasher' appeared 
in the Britkh Critic for Jan. 1834. 

6. Codes Pseudeingraphus V. Testa- 
meoti, cdlectos, castigatus, Testtmoniis- 
que, Censmis et Anmiadversionibus il- 
BHtntos : accedit Josephi veteris Chris- 
tiaai scriptoris Hypomnesticon : cum 
verrione ac notis lo. Alb. Fabricii. 
Hamb. et lips., 1713>33, 8vo, 2 vols, in 
3,10s. 

Tbe Codices of Fabricius have long ei^oyed 
* Nfh reputation,^ though they have been much 
Mpmedcd in this country by the labours of 
itnes and Lardner. Hiey contain a collection 
of cfas apocryphal books of the O. and N. Co- 
vtasati, ia Grsek and Latin, with observations 
«a thdr efaarader, and the nature of the evi- 
^eaee wkieh distiiigttishes them from the ffenu- 
■e writiocB of inspired men. (h) Editio 
•ends. Hamburgi, 1741, 8vo, 2 vok, lOj. 

7. Book of Enoch the Prophet, . . . 
BOW first translated from an Ethiopic 
MS. in the Bodleian library by Rich. 
UumiscB, LL.D., Abp. of Cashel, 
Oxford, 1821, 8vo, 6#. 

. Pfiind n an elaborate preliminary disserta- 
Jw OB the luitory, &c of the apocrn>^ pw>- 
^P"^ (!•) Second Edition corrected and 
«*rgdL Oaforri, 1833, 8vo, pubL at lOt. 6d. 
Ik sdditioos cooMl 1, of Greek Extracts with 
> Utui venioo, from the Book of Enoch, and 
^ « s fvnopsis of the contents of the work. 
(X) CBoeh RestitutQs; or an Attempt to 



separate from the Books of Enoch, the Book 

Quoted by St Jude ; also, a Comparison of the 
!hronoloigy of Enoch with the Hebrew Com- 
putation and with the Periods mentioned in the 
Book of Daniel and in the Apocalypse, by the 
Rev. Edward Murray. 8vo, publ. at \2s, 

(3.) The Genuineness of the Book of Enoch 
invesdgated by the Rev. J. M. Burr of East 
Garston. 8vo, 3i. 

(4.) On the probable Date of the Book of 
Enocn. In vol. v, pt ii, of Greswell's Expo- 
sition of the Parables. 

(5.) An Inquiry into the Truth and Use of 
the Book of Enoch, as to its Prophecies, Vi- 
sions, and Accounts of Fallen Angels, by John 
Overton. London, 1822, 8vo. 

8. Ascensio Isaite Vatis, Opusculum 
Pseudepigraphum, cum versione Latina 
Anglicanaque a Ric. Laurence, LL.D., 
&c. Oxon., 1819» 8yo, 7s, 6d, 

In this volume will be found a very minute 
investigation by Abp. Laurence respecting the 
date of this composition. 

(L) On the probable Date of the Apocry- 
phal Date of the Ascensio Isais Vatis. In vol. 
V, pt 0, of Greswell's Exposition of the Pa- 
rables. 

9. Primi Esrse libri, mii apud Vnl- 

gatam ap|>ellatur quartus, Versio iEthi- 

opica, L^tine, An^ceque reddita a Ric. 

Laurence, LL,u,, &c. Oxon., 1820, 

8vo, 12jr. 

This volume terminates with an elaborate 
critical disquisition on the author, the character 
and value of the Ethiopic, Arabic and Latin 
versionB, and the use to be made of the book 
in a theological point of view. 

10. AnooTphal Second Book of £s- 
dras, ana its probable Date. 

In vol. V, pt. li, of Greswell's Exposition of 
the Parables. 

(1.) A Dissertation upon the Second Book of 
Esdras by Francis Lek. Lond., 1722, 8vo. 

11. Tobias Hebraice, ut is adhuc 
hodie apnd Judseos invenitur, Lat. per 
Paulum Fagium. Isne, 1532, 4to. 

12. Die Apokryphischen Biicher ins 
Hebraische iibersetzt, mit einer Kinleit- 
ung und Aumerkungen Vercehem Nebst 
einem Anhange Verschiedenem Inhalts, 
von Salamon Plessner. 8vo, part 1, 
6s, 6d, 

13. Codex Apocryphus Novi Testa- 
menti, collectus, castigatus, testimoniis- 
que, censuris et animadversionibus il- 
lustratus a Jo. Alb. Fabricio. Hamb., 
1703-43, 8vo, 3 vols. 

Of this codex Mr. Jones made great use, and , 
in fact, translated the neater part of it in his 
elaborate work on the Canons of the New Tes- 
tament Vols. 1 and 2 of Fabricius' work 
were reprinted in 1719. (1.) Auctarium Co- 
dicis Apocryphi N. T. Fabriciani, continens 
plura inedita, alia ad fidem codd. mss. emen- 
datius expressa, coofircssit, disposuit, edidit 



63 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



64 



And. BiBcii» FaBc. primus, Hannis, 1804, 
8vo. 

14. Codex Apocryphus N. T. e li- 
bris editis et MSS. collectus, Notisque et 
Prolegom. illastr.^ opera J. C. Thilo. 
LipB.» 1823» 8vo, vol. l,lSs, 

The most valuable edition of the Apocryphal 
Books. 

15. Jo. Dallai de Pseudepigraphis 
Apostolicis, seu Libris octo Apostoli- 
carum Constitutionum Tractatus. Har- 
der.» 1653, 12mo. 

16. Acta S. Thomse Apostoli, ex Codd. 
Paris, primum edidit, et Adnotationibus 
Olustravit J. C. Thilo. lips., 1823» 
8vo, 58, 

17. Apocryphal New Testament, be- 
ing all tne Gospels, Epistles, and other 
Pieces now extant, attributed in the first 
four Centuries to Jesus Christ, his Apos- 
tles and their Companions, and not in- 
cluded in the New Testament by its 
Compilers. Transl. from the original 
Tongues, and now first collected into one 
Volume. London, for William Hone, 
1820, 8vo, 6*. 

An analysis of this publication, with remarks, 
will be found in Mr. Home's introduction to 
the Scriptures, yoL I , appendix, no. 1 , sect. 11, 
pp. 461, &c. (1.) Aspersions answer^, an 
explanatory Statement, addressed to the Public 
at largre, and to every Header of the Quarterly 
Review in particular, by W. Hone. London. 
1824, 8vo, pp. 68. Thiswas likewise answered 
in the Quart. Review, xxx, 472—81. That to 
the origmal work appeared in the Quart. Rev., 
XXV, 347—66. 

18. Tertia Pauli ad Corinthios Epis- 
tola. 

This epistle, in La Croze's Latin version from 
the Armenian Translation of the New Testa- 
ment, will be found in Naebe's edition of the 
New Testament, published at Leipsic in 1831. 

*«* For various Treatises on the Apocrsrphal 
Books see Sacred Philologrv — Treatises on 
the Canon of Scripture, and on Apocryphal 
Books. 

U. SACRED PHILOLOGY. 

1. INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OP 
THB 8CRIPTURBS. 

1. Clavis Biblionim : the Key of the 
Bible, unlocking the richest Treasures of 
the Holy Scriptures, by Francis Roberts, 
D.D.Third Edition. Lond. 1665, fol.,10*. 

A comprehensive disestof the most valuable 
observations of the earlier biblical critics. 

2. Dissertations, qui peuvent servir de 
Prol^omen^nes de PEoiture Sainte, re- 
vues, corrig^ considerablement aug- 
ment's et mises dans un ordre m^tho- 



dique, par Augustin Calmbt. Paris, 
1720, 4to, 3 vols,, 42*. 

This work contains the various dissertatioitt 
which appeared in the learned father's Com- 
mentary, with numerous corrections and addi- 
tions. (I.^ Antiquities. Sacred and Profane : or, 
a Collection of critical Dissertations on the OM 
and New Testament, transl. from the French of 
Dom Aug. Calmet, by N. Tindal. Vol. I. 
Lond., 1727, 4to, Is. 6d, This work was never 
completed. * It is/ says Charles Butler, * re- 
plete with various and extensive learning.* (2.) 
Nouvelles Dissertations surplusieurs Questiow 
importantes et curieuses, par Dom Aug. Cjil- 
MET. Paris, 1720, 4to, 7$. 6d, These * Nou- 
velles Dissertations' are not contained in the 
three volumes of Dissertations, nor in the Com- 
mentary. *The dissertations,' says Orme, 
' are very curious, display a great deal oflearaing, 
and well deserve a careful perusaL' 

3. Apparatus Biblicus, or an Introduc- 
tion to the HoW Scriptures, from the 
French of P^re Lamy, by Bundy, with 
32 engravings. Lond., 1723, 4to, I2s, 

A good popular work, commended by Bps. 
Watson and Marsh. ^ The £nglish traiulatioD 
contains some additional matter, principally 
taken from Lamy's work, *De Tabemaculo 
Foederis.' (1.) Second Ediition. London, 1728, 
8vo, 2 vols., 12<. 

4. Aug. Herm. FRAKCKiiManuductio 
ad Lectionem Scripturas Sacrte, eilita a 
P. Allix. Lond., 1706, 12mo, 3s, 

A most valuable litde work — much good aeose 
and a rich vein of piety run through the whole 
of it It well deserves the high recommendatioa 
Doddridge gives of it ' He is eminently judi- 
cious and spiritual in his tone of Scripture 
criticism.' — Kev. £. Bickersteth. (1.) A Guide 
. . . transl. and augm. with Notes and a Life 
of the Author, by William Jaqoes. LmkL, 
1815. 8vo, 5i. 

5. Directions for the Profitable Read- 
ing of the Holy Scripture, together with 
some Observations for the confirming 
their Divine Authority, and illustrating 
the Difficulties thereof, by William 

LowTH. Lond., 1708, 12mo, 3s, 6<L 

A very excellent little treatise, and calculated 
to assist very beneficially in the reading of the 
word of God. It has been frequently reprinted. 

6. Sacred Interpreter : or, a practical 

Introduction towanls a beneficial reading 

and thorough understanding of the Holy 

Bible, by David Collybr. London^ 

1746, 8vo, 2 vols., 12*. 

Bidiop Marsh observes that this work is cal- 
culated for readers in general, and is a good po- 
pular preparation for the Holy Scriptures. It 
IS likewise recommended by Bps. Watson, Lloyd. 
Van Mildert, Drs. E. Williams. Burton, ana 
others. (1.) First Edition. London, 1726, 8vo, 
2 vols., 9$. (2.) Twelfth Edition, with Maps. 
Oxford, 1831, 8vo, in 1 vol., 10«. 6<L 

7. Jo. Henr. Dan. Moldbnhawrri 



65 



SACRED PHILOLOGY. 



Introductio in omnes Libros Canonicos 
cam v., turn N. Foederis, ut et eos qui 
Apocryphi dicuntur, cum Appendice, qu« 
tradit Acta Apost. Pauli chronologice di- 
gesta. R^iom., 1744, 8vo, 10*. 

The Rev. T. H, Horoid acknowledges that he 
nederired much aadstance from the useful and 
excellent introduction of Professor Molden- 
htwer. 

8. Introduction to the Study of the 
Bible, by Geoi^g^e Tom line. Bishop of 
Winchester. Lond., 1827, 12mo, 4*. 

An admirable manual comprising almost 
erwy thing which the reader could require; 
uid at the same time containing the result of so 
much learned research, that the scholar may 
with pleasure recur to it, to revive his recoUec- 
twos.— British Critic. 

9. Introduction to the Critical Study 
aid Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, 
by Thomas Hartwell Horne, B.D. Se- 
venth Edition, corrected and enlarged, 
md iUuatr. with numerous Maps and 
Fac Similes of Biblical MSS. London, 
1834, 8vo, 4 vols., publ. at 63*. 

Thii invaluable work, now adopted as a text 
book in our Universities and Theological Semi- 
Mnei.is the most comprehensive in me EngL'sh 
■nroge on subjects relating to the critical 
»tBdy and mterpretation of the Sacred Writings. 
(1.) Compendious Introduction to the Study of 
4e Bible, by T. H. Horne, B.D., illustrated 
with maps and other engravings. Fourth Edi- 
^ London, 1833. l2mo. publ. at 9». This 
fettle manual, which has been recently intro- 
*»eed into Km^'s College, London, is an ana- 
lyy^or abridgement of the krger Introduction, 
aodfonns a comprehensive guide to the study 
oHhe Holy Scripture adapted to general readers. 
Tfceworksof Mr. Home are their own panegyric 
jad erery clergyman of the Church of Eng- 
■od, as likewise the religious public, owe him 
»*ast debt of gratitude. 

10. J. G. Eichhorn's Kritische 
Swiriften. Leip., 1804-14, 8vo, 7 vols. 

A^WTMed and uniform edition of Eichhorn's 
«reelntroductions to the Old Testament, New 
J«f«»ent, and the Apocryphal Writings of the 
vw Itttameot. Prof. Eichhom was one of the 
gyce tebrated supporters of the German Neo- 
■P«n. and he naturally finds his admirers 
g«g English anti-supematuralists. Many of 
■» sceptical positions have been attacked in 
J;«5«iy by the anti-rational class of divines, 
yanw pomt see ' The Present State of Pro- 
"jyaJsmmGermany / by the Rev. Hugh Rose, 
wMt i^ controversial publications which it 



66 



U. Scripture Help, designed to assist 
J readmg the Bible profitably, by the 
Rev. Edward Bickerstbth. London, 
8to, 8*. ; 1 2mo, 5*. 

Of this highly popular and practical intro- 
*^^ 30.000 copies have been sold. An 
»yf«jnnent has likewise been published at 6tl, 
2*^*» opwards of 130,000 copies have been 



12. Scripture Directory, by Thomas 
Jones, A.M., of Creaton. Seventh Edi- 
tion. Lond., 1829, 12mo, 4*. 

An attempt to assist the unlearned reader to 
under^d the general history and leading sub- 
jects of the O. and N. T. 

13. Key to the Bible, or a General In- 
trodiicUon to the Study and Profitable 
Headmgof the Holy Scriptures. Oxford. 
1829, 12mo, 6s, 

In Question and answer. (1.) An Historical 
Introduction to the Old and New Testament 
Oxford, 1829, 1 Bmo, 2«. 6d. 

14. Help to the Private and Domestic 
Reading of the Holy Scriptures, by J. 
Leipchild. Second Edition, consider- 
ably enlarged, re-modelled, and improved. 
London, 1831, 12mo, 4*. 6d. 

An excellent and portable little apparatus, 
comprising, m a small compass, a vast portion 
of multifarious details, historical, chronological, 
etymological, and didactic. 

15. Biblical Companion, or Introduc- 
tion to the Readmg and Study of the 
Holy Scriptures, by William Carpen- 
ter. London, 1836, imper. 8vo, publ. 
at 18*.; 4to, at 27*. 

A comprehensive di^t of the principles and 
details of bibhcal criticism, interpretation, theo- 
logy, history, natural science, &c. adapted for 
popular use. (1.) Guide to the Practical 

?®®^°?«Sl ^^® ^^^^^' by ^V. Cabpenter. 
Lond., 1830, 12mo, 5*. A useful compilation. 

16. Six Sermons on the Study of the 
Holy Scriptures, their Nature, Interpre- 
tation, and some of their most important 
Doctrines, before the Univ. of Cambridge, 
by Samuel Lee, D.D. Lond., 1830, 8vo, 
publ. at 14*. 

Annexed to these excellent sermons are two 
dissertations ; the 1st. on the reasonableness of 
the orthodox views ot Christianity as opposed to 
the rationalism of Germany ; the 2d, on the 
interpretation of prophecy generally, with an 
original exposition of the book of Revelation, 
showing that the whole of tliat remarkable prol 
phecy has long ago been fulfilled. 

17. Young Christian's Sunday Even- 
ing, or an easy Introduction to the Study 
of the Bible, by Mrs. Parry. Second 
Edition. London, 1835, 12mo, 2 vols, 
in 1, 8*. 6d. 

This work is well adapted for young persons. 

18. Old Testament. — Introductio ad 
libros Canonicos V. T. omnes, studio 
D. Jo. Gottlob Carpzovii. Lipsije, 
1731, 4to, 10*. 

Bishop Mareh observes, that * Carpzov was a 
man of profound erudition and indefatigable in- 
dustry. His work contains the principal mate- 
rials which had been afforded by his predeces- 
sors, perspicuously arranged, and augmented 
by his own valuable observations. It is also 

F 



67 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



68 



employed intheconftitationof Hobbes, Spinosa, 
Tofand, and other anti-scripturalists.' A cata- 
logrue of the most approved writers on each book 
of the Old Testament is subjoined to the very 
learned disquisitions. (1.) Editio Secunda. 
Lips. 1741, 4to, 12«. 

1 9. Introduction to the Study of the He- 
brew Scriptures, with a critical History 
of the Greek and Latin Versions of the 
Samaritan Pentateuch and of all theChal- 
dee Paraphrases, by the Rev. George Ha- 
milton, M.A. Dublin, 1814, 8vo, Ts. 6d, 

A highly-creditable and well-executed work. 
It contains much importantandorigrinal informa- 
tion in a very condensed and perspicuous state. 

20. Key to the Old Testament and the 
Apocrypha : or, an account of their se- 
veral books, their contents and authors, 
and of the times when they were respec- 
tively written, by Robert Gray, D.D. 
afterwards Bishop of Bristol. London, 
1790, 8vo, 5s. 

This excellent work has been frequently re- 

Erinted. It is a very convenient and useful 
ook, combining a large portion of valuable 
information, and discriminate learning. Dr. 
D'Oyley and Bp. Mant have liberally availed 
themselves of Dr. Gray's researches in their 
commentary on the Moly Scriptures, and the 
key is recommended by persons of different 
theological sentiments. (1.) New Edition. 
Lond., 1829, 8vo, 8s. This edition is much en- 
larged and improved. 

21. J. G. EicHHORN*s Enleitimgins 
Alte Testament. Leipzig, 1823-79 8vo, 
5 vols., 525. 6d. 

Best edition. This work is written with the 
intention of applying the princi])1es, by which 
Heyne and hu school had explained the Greek 
mythology, sometimes openly, and sometimes 
covertly, to every thing in Hebrew antiquity. 

22. Introductio in Libros SacrosVe- 
teris Foederis in compendium redacta a 
Jo. Jahn. Viennse, 1804, 8vo, 12^. 

A most valuable treatise. (1.) Introduction 
to the Old Testament, transl. from the La- 
tin and German VVorksof John Jaiin, by S. H. 
Turner, D.D. and the Rev.W. R. Whitting- 
HAM. New York, 1827, 8vo, 15«. This truly ex- 
cellent work contains an entire translation of the 
preceding Introductio, with various improve- 
ments from the larger work of Dr. Jahn and 
from other sources. (2.) Introductio in Libros 
Canonicos Veteris Foederis, usibus academicis 
accommodata a Fouerio Ackkrmann. Vienns, 
1825, 8vo, 9s. An expurgated edition of Dr. 
Jahn's Introduction. 

23. Introduction k la Lecture des Li- 
vres Saints, par J. E. Cellbribr, fils. 
Geneve, 1832, 8vo, 105. 

This excellent work consists of three parts : 
the 1st, on the authenticity, integrity, credibility, 
and divine origin of the Pentateuch ; 2d, on the 
books posterior to the Pentateuch, including the 
Prophets, the Hagiographa, and the Apocry- 
phal Books ; 3d, observations on the O. T. and 



its interpretation. The voltune concIudeB with 
an apptendix of proofs andillustratiafiB, in whkh 
Cellerier shews an evident leaning towards the 
speculations of the continental neoTogian critics. 
A.) Discourse on the Authenticity and Divine 
Origin of the O. T.byJ.E. CELLfeRisn, transl. 
by J. R. Wrepord. Lond., 1830. 8vo, 4s. A 
translation of Cellerier's first sketcn, which ap- 
peared in 1829. 

24. New Testament — Introduction to 
the Reading of the New Testament, by 
MM. Bbausobrb andLsNPANT. Cam- 
bridge, 1779, 8vo, 5*. 

llus book was originally a prefiEU*e to the 
French Version of the New Testament published 
in 1718. It has been several times reprinted, 
and Bishop Watson, who has inserted it in his 
Collection of Tracts, observes that it is a vrotk 
of extraordinary ment, and that the authors have 
scarcely left any topic untouched, on which the 
youn^ student in divinitjr may be supposed to 
want mformation. The mtroduction has been 
likewise recommended by Bps. Van Mildert, 
Lloyd, Dr. Burton, &c. 

25. D. J. Geo. Pritii Introductio in 
Lectionem Novi Testamenti, cura C. G. 
HoFFM^T^N. Lipsise, 1764, 8vo, 10s. 

Best editt«n— the work originally appeared 
in 1704. Orme observes, ' perhaps no book of 
the same size contains so much important and 
accurate information on what relates to the in- 
terpretation of the N. T. as this work of Pritii 
and Hoffmann. It is full, but not tedious : sys- 
tematic, but not stiff or formal.' Bp. Mardi 
says, ' it deserves to be purchased by every stu- 
dent in divinity ;* and Bp. Watson declares that 
' he had never met with any book^superior to 
this as an introduction to the New Testament.* 

26. Introduction to the Study and 

Knowledge of the New Testament, by 

Edward Harwood, D.D. London, 

1767-71, 8vo, 2 vols., 145. 

A work of acknowledged merit, which may 
be read with advantagre, making allowance for 
the author's Arian sentiments. 

27. Key to the New Testament, giving 

an Account of the several books, their 

contents, their authors, and of the times, 

{daces, and occasions, on which they 

were respectively written [by Thomas 

Percy, Bishop of Dromore], London^ 

1779, 12mo, 3*. 

Third and best edition of this valuable little 
manual. It has been frequently reprinted, and 
will be found an excellent gruide tor youogvr 
students. 

28. Introduction to the New Testa> 
ment, by John David Micuaelis, tran- 
slated from the Fourth Edition of the 
German, and aufm. with Notes, and a 
Dissertation on the Origin and Compo- 
sition of the three first Gospels, by Her- 
bert Marsh [Bishop of Peterhorongh]. 
Cambridge, 1792-1801, 8vo, 6 vols. 

Michaeto treats of the genuine antiquity, the 
language, readings, ross., and principal editions 



69 



SACRED PHILOLOGY. 



70 



of tbe N. T., abo of the mmrkfl of dktinctioD, aspir- 
■boflB, and acoeots, the ancieot vernooB, and 
the dnrine inspiratioQ of the books. He was 
deeply tinctured with the modem theology and 
pkuoeophj of Germany. Manh has frequently 
eadearovred to ciNTect bis theological opinions 
—the translator's learned and instructive notes 
■ttfbrtonately extend only to the first part of the 
work. Orme observes ' of the learning and re- 
Karch displayed in this valuable work, both by 
its author and the accomplished translator, it is 
nnpoaable to speak in too strong terms. On the 
ratmnical aatboiity, the criticism, the ancient 
veraioos, and the interpretation of the N. T., no 
book snppfies so mocn important information.' 
The Rev. £. Bickersteth hkewise observes that 
'the work contains much information, but it 
•hoald be read with caution.' Other editions 
appeared in 1818, 8vo, 6 vols.,6Qi. ; in 1823, 8vo, 
6 vols. pabL at 63s. (1.) Remarks on Vols. 
ni and IV, by way of caution to Students in 
Diviniry [pj John Randolph, afterw. Bp. of 
Oxferdl. London, 1802, 8vo, h. 6c/. Bishop 
Baadotph objects to Michaelis' views of inspi- 
ntion^ and endeavours to show that Marsh's 
kypocbesH of the ori^n and composition of the 
int thr^e Gospels is neither well founded nor 
rnwinant with itself. (2.) Letters to the Anony- 
BMtas Author of Remarks by Herbert Marsh 

KlenvardsBp.ofPeterborougrh]. LoDd.,1802, 
0, If. 6(2. An angry reply. (3.) Remarks on 
MichaeBs* Introduction, &c. [by John Ran- 
dolph, afterw. Bp. of Onord] . A Second Edi- 
tioo, with a Pre&ce and M otes, in Reply to 
Mr. Manh. London, 1802, 8vo, 2«. 6</. (4.) 
Evidence for the Authenticity and Divine 
la^iiratioa of the Apocalypse stated and vindi- 
cated from the Olnections of the late Professor 
F. [J.ID. Michaelis, in Letters addressed to the 
Rev. Herbert Mai^ London, 1802, 8vo,1<.6d. 
A tract of distinguished merit (5.) Illustra- 
tioB of the Hyp^hesis proposed in the Disser- 
Mion on the Origin and Composition of our 
three firACanoniau Gospels by Herbert Marsh 
[Bp. of PeterbonmghJ. Camb., 1803, 8vo. 
5>. (S.) Supplement to Remarks on Mi- 
dbaehs, in answer to Bp. Marsh's Illustra- 
6aa[by John Randolph, Bp. of Oxford]. Lon- 
te/180i,8vo, 2s. (7.) Defence of the Illu». 
trabOD Of the Hypothesis, being an Answer 
to Ae Supplement to Remarks, by Herbert 
MAasB [Bp. of Peterborough]. Camb., 1804, 
»»o, as. (8.;! View of Dr. Marsh's Theo- 
mlbr Moertumng the Identity of MSS. and 
« his Hypothesis respecting the Origin of the 
r«arGciq»els. Lond., 1813, 8vo. 

29. Jo. Gottfr. EiCHHORN*8 Enleit- 
BBg ins Neue Testament. Leipzig, 
1812-27, 8vo, 5 vols., 52#. 6rf. 

Bj his siroerior knowledge of Oriental anti- 
^nes, and bv his bold mode of thinking, 
uC!hboni established a new system of scriptu- 
g lopB crtion, in which he displajrs a degree 
jfwoed and philosophical scepticism much 
yywM J that of his predecessor I\d[ichaelis. He 
Mei all supernatural revelation to the He- 
"yy prophets, believing them to have been 
dwer and experienced persons, who, from their 
P^qJiar abilities, were bkely to foresee political 
■d other event*. He examines, questions, and 
'TKcts the authenticity of several books of the 



O. T., and of some of the epistles in the New, 
and asserte generally, that miraculous appear- 
ances, visions, voices, &c., are explainable by 
the laws of nature and the principles of human 
physiology and psychology, and that super- 
natural commumcations are chiefly referable 
to the mysterious traditions and superstitious 
notions common to all people in a state of ig- 
norance and barbarism. His theory of the 
origin of the canonical gospels, which regards 
them as compilations from anterior documents, 
has been adopted by oumy subsequent critics. 

30. Essay on the Divine Authority of 
the New Testament, by David Bogus, 
D.D. London, 1802, 8vo, 3s. 6d, 

This essay was composed at the request of 
the Directors of the London Missionary So- 
ciety. 'It is,' says Orme, 'one of the best works 
for its size, on the evidences of Christianity, and 
as an introduction to the New Testament.' 
Several editions have appeared, including one 
by the Relig. Tract Society, (price 2s.) and it 
has been translated into the French language. 

3L Introduction to the Writings of 
the New Testament by Dr. John Leonard 
Hug, transl. from tne German by the 
Rev. Dan. Giuldf. Wait, LL.D. Lon- 
don, 1827, 8vo, 2 vols., 12«. 

This introduction has long been held in the 
highest estimation on the continent, and Dr. 
Wait has added to his translation numerous 
notes derived from Jewish and Oriental antiqui- 
ties. It is a work which, though not free from 
very serious objection, must be allowed to con- 
tain a vast deal of curious and interesting matter. 
(1.) Introduction to the Writings of the N. T. by 
Dr. J. L. Hug, with Notes by Moses Stuart. 

32. Practical Guide to the Reading of 
the New Testament, by the Rev. George 
HoLDBN, M.A. London, 183-, 12mo, 
publ. at 78. 

Intended for the use of general readers. 

33. Isagoge Historico-critica in Lib- 
ro6 Novi Foederis Sacros, scripsit D. 
Henr. Aug. ScHOTT. Jense, 1830,8vo, 
I2s. 

An excellent introduction to the New Testa- 
ment. 

2. HARMONIB8 OP THE OLD AND NBW 
TESTAMENT. 

1. Nicolai Alardi Bibliotheca Har- 
monico-Biblica. Hamb., 1725, 8vo. 

This woric, ' praeter historiam harmonicam, 
tradit notitiam scriptorum harmonicorum cu- 
juscunque setatis et religionis, tam perpetuo- 
rum quam singularum ; nee omissis illis, qui 
vel specialius quoddam argumentum sacrum, 
vel bina oracula spirit(tosancti ab antilogiarum 
calumnia vindicarunt' 

2. Harmony, Chronicle, and Order 
of the Old Testament, by John Light- 
FOOT, D.D. Lond., 1647, 4to, 5*. 

Mr. Horne observes, that notwithstanding 



71 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



72 



the differences in opinion entertained by the 
learned concerning the chronologry of particu- 
lar events, the general method of Lightfoot's 
chronicle has been, and still continues to be, held 
in the highest estimation by all who are compe- 
tent duly to appreciate its merits. (I.) Harmony, 
Chronicle, and Order of the New Testament, 
by John Lightfoot, D.D. London, 1654, 
fol., 9s, Of this valuable work subsequent 
writers have freely availed themselves. (2.) 
Harmony of the Four Evangelists, among them- 
selves, and with the Old Testament, by John 
Lightfoot, D.D. Lond., 1644-50, 3 pts. in 1 
vol., Ss, I'he above works will also be found 
in Vt, Lightfoot's works. 

3. Mich. Waltheri Harmonia Bib- 
lica, sive brevis et plana Conciliatio lo- 
corum V. et N. T. adparenter sibi contra- 
dicentium. Norib., 1696, fol., 20*. 

Best edition of a work of considerable learn- 
ing and industry, which illustrates many diffi- 
cult passages with great ability. 

4. Old and New Testament arranged 
in Histor. and Chronol. Order, in such 
manner that the Books, Chapters, &c., 
may be read in one Connected History, 
in the very words of the authorized 
translation, with copious Notes and In- 
dexes, by the Rev. George Towns end. 
Prebend, of Durham. A New Edition. 
Lond., 18 3-, 8vo, 4 vols., publ. at 80*. 

This laborious work may be truly pronounced 
a valuable accession to the stores of biblical 
literature, and will in future be referred to as 
an authority upon the subjects on which it 
treats. (1.) Old Testament arranged ... by 
the Rev. 6eorge Townsend, M.A. Lond., 
1821, Bvo, 2 vols. Mr. Arcnd. Naresiustlv 
characterised the work as being ' digestea with 
such skill, and illustr. with such notes, as proves 
the author to have studied his task with deep 
attention and distinguished judgment' (2.; 
Second Edition, with Parallel Inferences and 
Marginal Renderings. Lond., 1826, 8vo, 2 
vols. (3.) The Fourth Edition. Lond., 1836, 
Bvo, 2 vols. publ. at 36f . (4. ) New Testament 
arranged in chronologfical and historical Order, 
in sucn manner, that the Gospels and the Acts 
may be read as one connected History. The 
Gospel on the basis of the Harmonies of light- 
foot, Doddridge, Pilkington, Newcome, and 
Michaelis; the Account of the Resurrection 
on the Authorities of West, Townson, and 
Cranfield. The Epistles are inserted in theur 
places, and divided according to the Apostles' 
Arguments. With copious Notes on many of 
the principal Subjects of Theologry. By the 
Rev. George TowNSKND,M.A. London, 1825, 
Bvo, 2 vols., publ at 40t. (5.) Second Edi- 
tion, corrected. Lond., 1 827, Bvo, 2 vols., publ. 
at ^. ^6.) Hol^ Bible arranged in nistoh- 
cal and cnronological Order, wiSi select Notes, 
Indexes, and a Table dividing the Sacred 
\'olume into 365 Portions, for daily reading 
throughout the Year, by the Rev. George 
Townsend, M.A. London, 1834, 8vo, in 1 
vol., 24«. A neat reprint of Townsend's chro- 
nological arrangement of the Bible, illustrated 



with brief notes. The New Testament may 
be purchased separately, price &. 

5. Harmony of the Scriptures Vindi- 
cated, or apparently contradictory Pas- 
sages reconciled, in Nineteen Lectures, 
by the Rev. John Hayter Cox. Lon- 
don, 1823, Bvo, 6s. 

* Every page of this volume displays sound 
and clear reasoning — it possesses so much good 
sense, and so much of the spirit of genuine 
Cliristianity, that we can cordially recom- 
mend it' 

6. Harmony of Scripture, by the Rev. 
Andrew Fuller. London, 181 7, 8to, 

58. 

This posthimious work, by'a celebrated Bap- 
tist minister, contains fifty-five judicious obeer- 
vations on so many apparently contradictory 
texts of Scripture. 

7. Harmony of the Old and New Tes- 
taments. Oxford, 1825, 18mo, 2s. 

8. Harmonia quatuor Evangdiorum 
juxta Sectiones Ammonianas et Eusebii 
Canones. Oxon. e Typogr. Clarend., 
1805, 4to, Us. 

9. Andree Osiandri Harmonic 

Evangelicse libri IV, Or. et Latine. 

Basil., 1537, fol. 

Osiander's harmony is highly estimated by 
Walchius. 

10. Com. Jansbnii Concordia Evan- 
gelica. Lovanii, 1549, Bvo. 

This work went through numerous editions 
(].) Comelii Jansenii, Episc. Iprensis, Com- 
mentar. in suam Concordiam, ac totam Histor. 
Evangelicam . Lovanii, 1 57 1 , fol. 24«. 

11. Tho. Cartwright Commenta- 
ria Practica in totam Historiam Evan- 
gelicam, ex quatuor Evangelistis har- 
monice concinnatam. 1630, 4to. 

This harmony of the Gospeb is the work of a 
celebrated English puritan. (1.) Editio al- 
tera. Amst,1647,4to,5s. This reprint is gone- 
rally preferred. An English version appeared 
in 1650. 

12. Jo. Clbrici Harmonia Evange- 

lica, cui subjecta est Historia Christi ex 

quatuor Evangeliis concinnata. Amst. 

1699, fol., 7s. 

Le Clerc's harmony is commended by all 
critics. In it the Greek text, and a Latin 
translation, are arranged in parallel colunuv. 
and beneath there is a paraphrase. There are 
also three dissertations, — on the years of Christ a 
life ; on the principles of the harmony ; on the 
writers of the gospels. (1.) In English. Lon- 
don, 1701, 4to. 4i. 6d, This translation is 
poorly executed. 

13. Martini Chemnitii, P. Lysbri 
et J. Gbrhardi Harmonia Quatuor 
EvangeUorum. Hamb., 1704, folio, 3 
vols., 3U. 6d. 



73 



HARMONIES. 



74 



Best editian of this moat elaborate hannony, 
eommenced by Cbemnitz, continued from the 
SQad chapter by Polvcarp Lyser, and carried 
00 from the 141st to the end by John Gerhard. 
Mr. Bickersteth pronounceg it to be ' a very 
%aiaable erangebcal harmony of the gospels 
and a commentary on them.' 

14. Harmony of the Fotir Evangelists 
and tbebr Text methodized, by Samuel 
Cradock, B.D. London, 1668, fol., 7s. 

Thb Harmony, revised by Abp. Tillotson. 
WIS in the seventeenth century deservedly held 
in the highest estimation ; though is now su- 
peneded by biter and more critical works. 
Other edhioos appeared in 1 684 and 1685. (1.) 
ApostoOcal History from Christ's Ascension to 
(he Dcstmctioo of Jerusalem, also a Narration 
of the paitiinilar times and occasions upon 
which toe Apostolical Epistles were written, 
together with a brief analytical paraphrase of 
thian, by Samuel Cradock, B.D. London, 
1672, fel, 7«. Dr. Doddridoe observes, ' Cra- 
dock'f three volumes [viz. The Old Testament 
Hktory methodised, The Harmony of the Four 
Evangelists, and The Apostolical HistorV] are 
very valuable ; the two last on the New Testa- 
BMotaie much better than the first on the Old. 
His extracts in the margin from Hammond, 
liffatibot azMl Grotius, are very judicious ; and 
I mink, on the whole, I never read any other 
mthor, that assisted me more in what relates 
to the New T^tament.* 

15. Nic. ToiNABD Harmonia Gneco- 
latiDa. Paris., 1707, fol. 

This Harmony is recommended by Bp. 
Minh as calculated to be of great service to 
tkoK who wish to examine the verbal agree- 
not of the Evangelists. Orme observes, * It 
is t wofi of much labour, and discovers great 
atmiioD to the minute circumstances which 
tend to illastrate and reconcile the writers of 
tfaeGoqtek' 

16. Id. Reinh. Rus Harmonica Evan- 
gdatanun. Jens^, 1727-30, 12mo, 4 
vols., 18#. 

Walcfains, in his Bibliotheca, pronounces 
Rai* Harmony to be an elaborate and learned 



17. Eyangelical History and Harmony 

by Matthew Pilkinqton, LL. B. 

Looi, 1747, fol., 7s, 
A work on the gospels of some value. 

18. Harmony of the Four Gospels, 
by Philip Doddridob, D.D. 

Doddridge's Harmony, says Orme, ' which 
have cost him great labour, is often un- 
, has too many transpositions, and is 
jndicioas in the arrangement as Mac> 
'i.' It is to be found in the first volume 
•f Im Family Expositor. 

19. Harmony of the Four Gospels, in 
whidi the nattiral order of each is pre- 
•crred, widi a Paraphrase and Notes by 
JaiDetMACKNioHT,D.D. Lond. 1756, 
410, 2 vols., 10*. 

A work of standard excellence for the stu- 




dents of evangelical knowledge.' Bp. Marsh 
observes, that whoever makes use of it, should 
compare with it Dr. Lardner's observations on 
it, which were published in 1764 (4to, 2s, 6c/.), 
and subsequently in his works ; and Orme ob- 
serves, ' Mackni^ht's preliminary observations 
contain useful intormation ; his notes are seldom 
profound; and the paraphrase occasionallv 
contains sentiments wmch do not accord with 
the doctrine of the Evangelists.' H.) Second 
Edition, with Improvements. Loncl., 1763, 4to. 
125. (2.) Third Edition, to which is prefixed 
some Account of the Author. Edinb., 1804, 
8vo, 2 vols., 12*. ; fine paper, 15». (3.) Fourth 
Edition. Lond., 1809, 8vo, 2 vote., 12*. (4.) 
Fifth Edition. Lond., 1822, 8vo, 2 vote., 12«. 
(5.) Jac. Macknighti Comment. Harmon. 
Latine fecit et Notas adjecit A. F. Ruckers- 
FELDER. Brem., 1777-9, 8vo, 3 vote., 15i. 

20. Harmony of the Gospels, by Wil- 
liam NswcoME, D.D. Bishop of Ossory 

tand afterwards Abp. of Armagh]. 
)uhlin, 1778, fol., 25*. 
The Greek Harmony of Abp. Newcome has 
long been held in the highest estimation. Bp. 
Watson says, ' many other Harmonies of the 
Gospete have been pubUshed, but none prefer- 
able to this.' It throws much light on many 
passages in the Evangelists. (1.) Review of 
the chief Difficulties m the Gospel History, 
relating to our Lord's Resurrection ; intend^ 
to retract some errors contained in the Author's 
Greek Harmony, and to show that Dr. Ben- 
son's Hypothesis te unsatisfactory, by Wm. 
Newcome, Abp. of Armagh. This pamphlet 
is necessary to complete the Harmony. (2.) 
EngUsh Harmony of the Four Evangrelists, 

generally disposed after the manner of the 
reek of W. Newcome, Abp. of Armagh, with 
a Map of Palestine, divided according to the 
twelve tribes, explanatory Notes and Indexes. 
London, 1802, 8vo, Is, In publishing thte 
harmony the compiler, a member of the Society 
of Friends^ has rendered to Englteh readers the 
same service which Abp. Newcome has con- 
ferred on biblical scholars by hte larger Greek 
work, (3.) A New Edition. London, 1827, 
8vOj 7s. A reprint of the preceding, with some 
trifling variations, and a new map ot Palestine, 
dividol into Tetrarchies, and showing, by 
means of a red line, the travete of Jesus Christ. 
(4.) Harmony of the Gospete in Greek, in the 
general order of Leclerc and Newcome, re- 
vised by Edward Robinson, DJ). 8vo, 16». 

21. Harmony of the Evangehsts in 
Greek; to which are prefixed Critical 
Dissertations in EngUsh, by Jos. 
Fribstlky, LL.D. Lond., 1778, 4to, 
7s. 6d, 

Dr. Priestley adopted the opinion of some 
ancient writers, that the ministry of Jesus Christ 
lasted only one year^ or a year and a few 
months, on which subject the author and Abp. 
Newcome had a correspondence. Some of the 
notes were supplied by Turner of Wakefield, 
and Dr. Jebb, both Unitarians. (1.) Har- 
mony of the Evangelists in Englteh, with criti- 
cal Dissertations, an occasional Paraphrase, 
and Notes for the use of the Unlearned, by J. 



75 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



76 



Priestley, LL.D. Lond., 1780. 4to, I0t,6d. 
This translation has a paraphrase and notes 
which are not in the Greek Harmony of 1778. 
For an account of these publications see the 
Monthly Review, Iviii, 89-94, also Ixiv, 81-90 
and 161-73. 

22. Synopsis Evangeliorum Matthcei, 
Marci et Lucas, una cum lis loannis 
Pericopis, quse historiam passionis et 
resurrectioms historiam complectuntur. 
Textum recensuit et selectam lectionis 
varietatem adjecit J. J. Griesbach. 
Hake, 1776, 8vo, 3*. 

llie chief purport of this synopsis is, Bishop 
Marsh remarks, to represent in parallel columns 
all those sections which are common to the 
Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke. He 
pronounces the disposition of the whole work 
to be very commodious, and adds, that he knows 
of no harmony, which affords so much assist- 
ance in the investijg^tion of the origin of the 
first Gospels. It is likewise commended bv 
Mr. Bickersteth in his Christian Student. ( 1 .) 
Editio secunda, emendatior et auctior. Hals 
Sax., 1797, 8vo, 4m. (2.) Editio tertia. Hals 
Sax., 1809, 8vo, 5s. (3.) Editio quarta. Hals 
Saxonum, 1822, 8vo, 6s. (4^) Synopsis 
Evangreliorum Matthsi, Marci et Lues, ciun 
ParalleUs loannis Pericopis, ex recens. Gries- 
bachii, cum selecta Lectionuro Varietate, con- 
cinnaverunt, et breves Arffumentorum Nota- 
tiones adjecerunt Guil. Leoer. De Wette et 
Frid. Lucre. Berol. 1818, 4to, 12i. Com- 
piled from Griesbach s third edition, so as to 
exhibit the entire passages of the Gospels with 
their parallels ^ at the foot of each page the 
editors have given the principal various lec- 
tions from Griesbach*s critical edition of the 
New Testament, and have added brief notices 
of the arguments or contents of each section. 
(5. ) Synopsis Evangeliorum Matthsi, Marci 
et Lues, cum loannis Pericopis Parallel b, 
Textum ex ordine Griesbachii dispertitum, cum 
varia Scriptura selecta, edidit Maur. Roedi- 
OER. Hals Saxonum, 1829, 8vo, 7s. Great 
pains have been bestowed on the punctuation 
of this commodious synopsis. The summaries 
of contents prefixed to each section are princi- 
pally taken from Dr. Knappe's critical edition 
of the New Testament 

23. Diatessaron, sive integra Historia 

Jesu Christi, Gnece, ex quatuor Evan- 

geliis conf ecta . . . subjungitur Evange- 

lionun brevis Hannonia, edidit Jos. 

White, S. T. P., &c. Oxon. e T3rpogr. 

Clarend., 1779f small 8vo, 3s, 6d, 

This work is founded on the Harmony of 
Abp. Newcome, except in the part relating to 
the Resurrection, in which the arrangement of 
facts proposed bv Mr. West and Dr. Townson 
is followed. It has been frequently reprinted, 
p.) Diateasaron, . . . Latine, cui prsfing. Ta- 
bula Palestins, necnon Ordo Rerum, opera 
T.Thirlwall, A.M. Loud., 1802, 12mo, 3s. 
(2.) Editio secunda. 12mo, 4s. 6d. (3.) Dia- 
tessaron, by the Rev. T. Thirlwall, A.M. 
12mo, 3s. 6rf., 8vo. printed in kr^ type, 6s. 
Thirlwoll's Englisn Diatessaron is. like his 
Latin book of the same kind, at once a tribute 



to the merit of the original compiler Dr. White, 
and an instructive manual for the pious reader. 
The English Diatessaron is published with 
more illustrations than were given to the Latin 
or the Greek. (4.) English Diatessaron by 
the Rev. R. Warnes. Bath, 1803, 8vo, 5s. 
Wamer*s English Diateesaron exhibits marks 
of industry in the notes. They are selected 
from a variety of authors with good judgment, 
and are, in general, of a very useful kind. (5.) 
Diatessaron, with Notes critical and explana- 
tory by Robert Thomson, Writer in Edinburgh. 
Edmb., 18(^, 8vo, St. The arrangement of 
this, a new translation, in some respects coin- 
cides and in others differs from Dr. White's 
Diatessaron. The Greek in Thomson's, very 
incorrectly printed, is mostly taken from Dr. 
Campbell's edition of the Gospels. The notes 
are neither numerous nor orig^inal. 

24. Guide to Immortality; or» Me- 
moirs of the Life and Doctrine of Christ 
in the Four Evangelists, by Robert Fsi^ 
LOWES, A.M. London, 1804, Sto, 
3 vols., publ. at 24«. 

The notes accompanyin^r this English har- 
mony of the Gospels consist chiefly of moral 
remarks, or critical illustrations of ancient man- 
ners ana customs. 

25. Quatuor Evangelionim Tabulse 
Synopticas, juxta rationes temporis com- 
posuit,annotationibusquein8truxit Henr. 
Nic. Clausen. Haunis, 1829, 8vo, Si. 

A laborious and useful work. 

26. Monotessaron ; or. Gospel His- 
tory according to the Four Evangelists 
harmonised and chronologically arranged, 
in a new Translation from tne Text of 
Griesbach, by the Rev. John S. Thomp> 
SON. Baltimore, 1829» 8vo. 

27. Harmonia Evangelica, sive Qua- 
tuor Evanf^eUa Grsece pro Temporis et 
Rerum Sene in Partes qumque distributa, 
edidit Edv. Grbswbll, A.M. Oxon., 
1830, 8vo, 12*. 

Greswell's Harmony and erudite Disserta- 
tions will enable the reader to make himself 
master of the whole range of inquirr relating to 
the chronolo^ of the N. T., and tne structure 
and composition of the Gospels. The CTangeli- 
cal history is distributed into five parts» ooro- 
prisiog as many chronological divisions, and 
these are subdivided into sections, the text of the 
Evangelists being arranged in two or more par- 
allel columns. It was reprinted in 1833. (1.) 
Dissertations [501 upon tne Principles and Ar> 
rangement of a Harmony of the Gospels, with 
Supplementary Disquisitions, and Notes, by 
theRev.E.GRESWEi.L.M.A. Oxford, 1830-4, 
8vo, 4 vols., publishea at 48s. The author** 
liibours are characterized by a nnge of erudi- 
tion, a patience of investigation, and a degree 
of criti<^ ability, which entitle him to take hia 
rank with Lardner, Griesbach, and Michaeli*, 
in the first class of those who have zealously 
consecrated profound scholarship to the illua- 
tration of the Christian Scriptures. (2.) A liar- 



77 



HARMONIES. 



78 



rnony of tbe Four Gospels in the English Autho- 
raed Veeooo, arrm^ed according to Greswell's 
Hinnoaia Evangebca in Greek, with Refer- 
ences to his Di»6enatioDS on the same, by R. 
MiMPROs. London, 1833, Bvo, published at 
12i; A necessary companion to Mr. Greswell's 
works. It was intendea principal ly as an accom- 
ptotment to Mimpriss^i Historical and Geo- 
prtpbicsl Chart of Christ's Ministry. (3.) 
Htnnony of the Four Gospels, founded on the 
Arraogentent of the Hannonia Evangelica by 
tht Rer. £. Greswell, with the Praciical Re- 
flectioos of Or. Doddridge, by the Rev. £. 
BicsiBSTCTB, with a Map. Lond., 1832, 8yo, 

pttW. at — . An edition in forms the 

nvrtb vol. of the Christian's Family Library. 

38. Greek Harmony of the Gospela, 
with Notes by the Rev. lUchard Chap- 
man. 4 to, pubL at 2U. 

lathisthearranffementsof Newcome, Towns- 
end, and Greswell are incorpotated ; the verbal 
paraDehsms occurring at different periods of 
tbeevaog. history are placed in juxtaposition, 
t^r duonol. stnation being either preserved 
ordisonctty pointed out. 

29. Gospel Harmonized ; with Notes 
and Reflections, ezplan., experim. and 
practicil, chiefly by Adam Clarke, LL.D. ; 
ainnged by Samuel Dunn, with a Por- 
tiait and Map. 8vo, publ. at 10s, 6d. 

30. Hannony of the Gospels, on the 
pfam proposed bv Lant CTarpentbr, 
LLD. Boston, U.S., 1831, 8vo, 88. 

31. Discourse on the EvangeUcal His- 
tory from the Interment to the Ascen- 
sion of otur Saviour Jesus Christ, by 
lliomas TowNSON, D.D. : to which is 
vefixed an Accoimt of the Author, by 
Dr. Churton. Oxford, 1793, 8vo, Ss, 

A v«ry judicious work. 

32. Obserrations on the History of the 

Evidences of the Resurrection of Jesus 

Christ, by Gilbert Wkst, Esq. London, 

1747, 8ro, 3*. 6d, 

Mr. Home observes, the multiplied editions 
of this most valuable treatise, which places the 
^Btory of the resurrection on impregnable 
pmd, eoffideotly attest its value, and the high 
ertiBiation in which itis deservedly held. 

33. Harmony of the Gospels, from the 
Benirrection to the Ascension of Christ, 
by Thomas Cranpield, B.D. Dublin, 
1795, fol, 8i- 

llw work, in the opinion of Drs. Gravesand 
Bmctt, ' contains much accurate research and 
•neb uieful information.' 

34. History of the Fn^ Planting of 
CSnittitnity, taken from the Acts of the 
Apostles and their Epistles, together with 
toe remarkable Facts of the Jewish and 
Romtn History within this period, by 
George Benson, D.D. London, 1735, 
41o, Q vols., 15*. 

Mr. Home observes, ' though this work does 



not profess to be a hannonv of the Acts of the 
Apostles, and of their epistles, it may justly be 
considered as one.' (1.) Another. London, 
1756, 4to, 3 vols, in 1, 20$. The best edition 
of this excellent work. 

35. Harmony of the Epistles of the 
Holy Apostles; to which is added, a 
Summary of the Entire, by the Rev. 
Peter Roberts, M. A. Cambridge, 1800, 
4to, \2s, 

A singular work, the object of which is to 
dispose the ideas of the apostles in their own 
langruage, so as to form a system. Mr. Orme 
says, 'Mr. Roberts seems to lean to the Armi- 
nian side of doctrine in his sentiments ; but he 
is candid and serious, and the work, on the 
whole, is calculated to do good.' It is di- 
gested under four principal divi^jions, — 1, in- 
trod. address ; 2, doctrinal instruction ; 3, prac- 
tical precepts ; 4. conclusion. Subjoined are 
the summary of tne epistles and notes. 

3. TREATISES ON THE CANON OP 
SCRIPTURE AND ON APOCRYPHAL 
BOOKS. 

1. Scholastical History of the Canon ^ 
of the Holy Scripture, or the certain and 
indubitable Books thereof, as they are 
received in the Church of England, by 
John CosiN, Bp. of Durham. London, 
1657, 4to, 5*. 

An erudite and esteemed work. ( I . ) Second 
Edition. London, 1672. 4to,5s. The work, says 
Orme, ' though completely superseded by tlie 
more extensive and accurate works of Jones, 
Lardner, and ^Iichaelis. is still deserving of re- 
spect for the service which itrendered at the time.* 

2. Complete History of the Canon 
and Writers of the Books of the Old 
and New Testament, by L. E. Du Pin, 
done into English from the French Ori- 
ginal. London, 1699-1700, fol., 2 vols., 

10*. 

The Rev. £. Bickersteth pronounces this to 
be a* candid and learned Roman Catholic work.' 

3. Chr. Fred. Schmidii Historia An- 
tiqua et Vindicatio Veteris Novique Tes- 
tament!, libris duobus comprehensi. 
Lipsise, 1775, 8vo, 7s. 

This, observes Mr. Home, is an excellent 
treatise, in which the Canon of Scripture is most 
satisfactorily vindicated from the rash criticisms 
and assertions of Oeder, Sender, and other mo- 
dem German theologians. 

4. Canon of the Old and New Testa- 
ments ascertained; or, the Bible com- 
plete without the Apocrypha and Un- 
written Traditions, by Arcnibald Alex- 
ander, D.D. Princeton, New Jersey, 

1826, 12mo, 5s. 

This useful volume is avowedly compiled 
from the labours of the most eminent cntics, 
and will be found highly useful to divines and 
students who have not access to larger works. 



79 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



80 



(I.) New EditioD, with introd. Remarks by John 
M0RI8ON, D.D. Lond., 1833, 12mo, 3s. 6d, 
M orison's preface is well worthy of perusal. 

5. Lectures on the Canon of the Old 
Testament, comprehending a Disserta- 
tion on the Septuagint Version, by John 
Blair, LL.D. London, 1785, 4to, ds. 

This posthumous work.says Orme, ' discovers 
considerable learning and research ; and is one 
of the works that ought to be consulted in the 
examination of the Septuagint' 

6. Canon of the New Testament vin- 
dicated, in answer to the objections of 
John Toland in his Ainvntor, by John 
Richardson, B.D. Second Edition. 
London, 1701, 8vo, 48, 6d. 

A work of great merit, highly commended by 
Leland. Ricnardson was one of the translators 
of our authorized version of the Bible. Toland 
attacked the Canon of Scripture for the purpose 
of proving that there was no better authoritv for 
the received books of Holy Writ, than for those 
which were rejected as spurious. 

<f ' 7. New and Full Method of settling 
the Canonical Authority of the New Tes- 
tament, by the Rev. Jeremiah Jones. 
London, 1726, 8vo, 2 vols., 12«. 

This, the work of a dissenting minister, is ac- 
knowledged by all parties to be a work of autho- 
rity. With its contents every young minister 
ought to make himself acquainted. Without 
professin^r to attack infidelity or tradition, it 
exposes in the most satisfactory manner the 
weakness of the former and the worthlessness of 
the latter. Jones, according to Dr. Maltby, has 
brought together, with uncommon diligence, the 
external evidence for the authenticity and ge- 
nuineness of the Canonical books ; and he has, 
with equal ability and fairness, stated his rea- 
sons for deciding against the authority of the 
apocryphal. (1.) New Edition. Oxford, Cla- 
rendon Press, 1798, 8vo, 3 vols, 16*. 

8. Historia Canonis Sacrique Textus 
Novi Foederis, a Jo. Millio in Proleg. 
ad N. T. tradita, cum Adnott. Dan. Sal- 
THENii. Regiom., 1733, 8vo. 

9. Credibility of the Gospel History, 
or the Facts occasionally mentioned in 
the New Testament confirmed by Pas- 
sages of Ancient Authors, who were 
contemporary with our Saviour, or his 
Apostles, or lived near their Time, by 
Nath.LARDNER,D.D. London, 1727-57, 
8vo, 17 vols. 

The publication of this invaluable perform- 
ance, a chef-d'oeuvre of learning and criticism, 
was received with everv mark of respect and 
gratitude, both by members of the Cnurch of 
England and Dissenters, and its reputation has 
gradually extended into toreign countries. Part 
1, 2 vols., appeared in 1727, Part 2, 12 vols., in 
1 733-55, and the Supplement to the Second Part, 
3 vols., in 1756-7. it is also to be found in the 
Doctor's collective Works, and the Supplement 
to the Second Part, which, in the opinion of 
Bishop Mar»h, ' is an admirable introauction to 



the Ne^ Testament,' and * a storehouse of Kte- 
rary information,' will be found in the second 
volume of Bishop Watson's Collection of Tracts. 

10. Horse Paulinse, or the Truth of 
the Scripture History of St. Paul evinc^ 
by a comparison of the Epistles, which 
bear his name, with the Acts of the Apos- 
tles, by William Pa lb y , D . D. 8 vo, 6s, 

A masterly performance, frequently repnnted 
in8vo, 12mOj 24mo,&c In it Dr. Paley has ex- 
hibited an onginaUty of thought, and a delicacy 
of discrimination, seldom, if ever, e<^naU6d by 
any writer on the subject of the evideDoes of 
Scripture truth. 

11. Veracity of the Bible argued from 
undesigned Coincidences to be found 
in it, wnen compared in its several parts, 
by the Rev. J. J. Blunt. London, post 
8vo, 4 vols., publ. at 23*. 

Mr. Blunt has signalized himself as a very suc- 
cessful disciple 01 Dr. Paley, in the mana^ 
ment of that species of Christian evidence, wludi 
arises from the discovery of undesigned ccHiict- 
dence of revealed truth. His works are well 
deserving the notice of biblical students. (1.) 
Veracity of the Five Books of Moses, and of die 
Historical Books of the Old Testament from the 
conclusion of the Pentateuch to the opening 
of the Prophets, by the Rev. J. J. Blukt, 
B.D. London, I83D-2, 8vo, 2 vols. (%) 
Veracity of the Gospels and Acts, argued from 
the undesigned coincidences to be touiui in them, 
when compared first with one another, secondlv 
with Josephus ; by the Rev. J. J. Blunt. A 
NewEdiUon. Post 8vo. publ. at .5<.6d. 'This 
is a new application of the principle on which 
Paley formed his Hone Paulinae. The inge- 
nuity of many of Mr. B.*s sections might stand 
a comparison with any in his predecessor's mas- 
terpiece ; and the clearness and liveliness of his 
lanjguage are such, that we cannot too earnestly 
recommend the work to those parents who feel 
the want of books calculated to interest, as well 
as to instruct, young readers.* — Quart Review. 
(3.) Principles for the proper Undentandiog 
of the Mosaic Writings stated and applied. 

12. Censura Apocrjrphorum V. T. 
adversum Pontificios, imprimis Rob. 
Bellarminum, .... Prselectionibus 350 
posthumis in Acad. Oxon. tractata a Jo. 
Rainoldo. Oppenhemii, 16II, 4to, 
2 vols., 25s. 

An elaborate work. Dr. Rainoldes is stvled 
by Ant. a Wood, *a living library and a thiid 
university,* and it was at his instance that K. 
James I. assented to the proposal of a new 
translation of the Bible. 

13. Critical Commentary on such 
Books of the Apocrypha as are appointed 
to be read in Churches : viz. tV isdom, 
Ecclesiasticus, Tobit, Judith, Baruch, 
History of Susannah, and Bel and the 
Dragon, with two Dissertations on the 
Books of Maccabees and Esdras, by 
Richard Arnald. Second Edition, 
corrected. London, 1760, foL 



81 



ON APOCRYPHAL BOOKS. 



82 



▼ahitble oommentiry gpenoiUly accom- 
puie* tbote of Patrick, Lowth, and Whitby, 
and if deeenredly held in hi^h estimation. It 
is tays Orme, in general judicious, and affords 
oooaiderable anastance in understanding these 
books, n.) An Edition. London, 1809, 4to, 
\5$, (iO Another, edited by the Rev. J. R. 
PtTMJkS, London, 1827, roy. 4to, 20f, 

14. G. EiCHHORN*8 Einleitong in die 
Apocryphischen Scfariften des Alle Tes- 
tunenl. Letpxig, 1795, Svo, 7s, 

15. Stateinent .... on the Impro- 
priety of circulating the Apocryphal 
Books indiscriminately intermingled 
with the Inspired Wntings, by Geo. 
Com. GoRHAM, B.D. Second Edition. 
London, 1835, Svo, 2s, 6d, 

TUb tract, says Mr. Home, is desenring of 
a pbee in the student's library, on account of 
the rarioits and intae8tin|r information which 
it oootainB relative to the hterary hi^ory of the 
Apocrypha. (1.) Two Letters to the Rev. 
G. C, uorfaam .... by Leander Van Es?, 
D.D.,with a Reply by G. C. Gorhaii, B.D. 
Uodoo, 1826, 8vo, 2t. 6d. 

16. Notice sur les Livres Apocryphes 
de I'Ancien Testament, par C. £. F. 
MouLlMB. Geneve, 1828, 8vo. 

17. Bob. HoLKOTH in librum Sa- 
pientic Regis Salomonis Prselectiones 
ccxiiL 1586, foL, 7s. 6d, 

This author flourished in the reign of K. 
Edward in, 1349. 

18. Jo. de Pin A G>mmentarii in Ec- 
destasticom. Lugd. l630,foL,3vol8.24«. 

19* Jo. Phil. Baubrmbisteri Com- 
mentarius in Sapientiam Salomonis, 
Libmm V. T. Apocryphum. Gottingee, 
1828, Svo. 

%• See col. 60-4, nos. 1-18. 

4. CONCORDANCBS TO THB SCRIP- 
TURBS. 

1. Rabbi Mordecai Nathan Concor- 
^tia Hebndca. Basil., 1581, foL, 20«. 

The earliest Hebrew concordance, the first 
cffitioQ of which appeared in 1523. 
, Coocordances are of especial use in facilita- 
^ the investigation of the sense of words 
w thdr various significations.— Seiler. 

2. Mariae de Calasio Concordantiae 
Bibliorum Hebraicorum et Latinorum. 
Ronue, 1621, fpl., 4 vols. S4s. 

Cthmo'i work is higlUy valuable, not merely 
IS a eoaoordance, but also as a lexicon. It con- 
*«i>s the Hebrew text, with the order and 
acthod of Nathan's Concordance ; Reuchlin*s 
tnuL of Nathan's Exphination of the Hebrew 
RM^ with additions ; Rabbinical. Chaldee, 
^mc, and Arabic words derived from the 
IithRw roots ; a literal version of the Hebrew 
ttxt ; the differences between the Vulgate and 



the Septuagint ; proper names of perions, places, 
&c. (1.) Edente Gul. Romainb. Londini. 
1 747-9, fol., 4 vols., £5. 15s. &/. A very splendid 
and useful book, improved firom that of Calasio's. 
— Dr. Adara Clarke. The edition is more accu- 
rate than its prototype, but it is a very prolix 
work. All the crowned headsin Europe.his Holi- 
ness not excepted, were subscribers to the work. 

3. loan, BuxTORPii Concordantiae 
Bibliorum Hebraicae et Chaldaicae. Basil., 
1632, fol., 36*. 

A work of great labour. The groundwork is 
the Concordance of Rabbi Nathan. It is much 
better arranged, more correctly printed, the 
roots more distinctly ascertained, and the mean- 
ing more accurately given : the references are 
made by Hebrew letters, and refer to the Rabbi- 
nical divisions of the Ola Testament. (1.) Chr. 
R AV1I Pons Zionisj sive Concordantiarum Hebr. 
et Chald. Buxtorfii Epitome. Berol.,1677, 8vo. 

4. Chr. NoLDii Concordantiae Par- 
ticularum Ebraeo-Chaldaicanmi, cmn An- 
nott. J. G. Tympii et aliorum. Jeiue, 

1734,4to, 25*. 

Second and best edition of an exceedingly 
valuable work. It contains the particles or in- 
declinable words in former concordances, and 
investigates their various si^ifications ; points 
out the Greek particles which correspona with 
the Hebrew and Chaldaic ones ; and explains 
the meaning of many passag^es of Scripture, 
which depend on the force and connective 
power of the indeclinable words. Annexed is 
a Lexicon of the Hebrew particles compiled by 
J. H. Michaelis and C. Koerber. 

5. Hebrew Concordance adapted to 
the English Bible, disposed after the 
method of Buxtorf, by John Taylor, 
D.D., of Norwich. London, 1754-7, 
fol., 2 vols., £10. 

A most laborious and elaborate work, highly 
valuable to the Hebrew scholar and biblical 
student. It contains a grammar, lexicon, and 
concordance. 

6. Greek. — Conr. Kirch bri Con- 
cordantiee V. Testamenti Grsecae, Ebrseis 
vocibusrespondente8,»aAw;^<rToi, simul 

enim et Lexicon Ebraico-Latinum. 

Francof., 1607, 4to, 2 vols., 15*. 

This work, highly commended by Father 
Simon, is in a great measure superseded by 
that of Trommius. The Hebrew words are 
arranged in alphabetical order, underneath is 
the Septuagint Greek version of them, then 
follow passages of Scripture. 

7. Abr. Trommii Concordantiss 
Grsecse Versionis vulgo dictae LXX In- 
terpretum. Amst., 1718, fol., 2 vols., 
508, ; large paper, 63*. 

This very elaborate work concludes with an 
Index, a Hebrew aod Chaldee Lexicon, a 
Greek Lexicon to Origen*s Hexapla fby 
Montfauconl and a collation [by Lamb. FosJ 
of the Frankfort and Roman editions of the 
Septuagint. ' I wish,' says Michaelis, ' that this 

o 



83 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



84 



coDcordanoe were in the hands of every divine. 
By it may be discovered at one view, not only 
the sense and construction of a disputed word, 
but likewise the Hebrew expreesion of which it 
is a translation.* 

8. Xysti Bbtulbii Concordantis 
Grsscse Novi Testamenti. Basil., 1546, 
foL, lOs. 6d. 

The first Greek concordance to the New Tes- 
tament The author was a German Lutheran 
divine, of the name of Birck. 

9. Concordantise Grsecse Novi Testa- 
menti ab Henrico Stbphano. Genevse, 
1594, fol., 7s, 

or little value ; reprinted in 1600, l624,both 
in folio, with some additions. 

10. Novi Testamenti Gneci G>ncor- 
dantise Erasmi Schmidii, accedit nova 
Prsefatio Sal. Cypriani. Lipsise, 171 7> 
fol., 25«. 

The best Greek concordance of the New 
Ti stament. 'I'he author was a Lutheran divine 
at Wittemberg*. (1.) Editio altera. Glasguae, 
1819, 8vo, 2 vols., publ. at 30s. An elegant 
and correct reprint, from the University press. 
(2.) Novi Testamenti Graeci Tameion, aliis 
Concordantiie, ita concinnatum, ut et Locos 
reperiendi . et Vocum veras Sigrnificationes, et 
Signific. Diversitates per CoUationem investi- 
gandi, Ducis instar esse poaoit, ex Opera I^ras- 
mi Schmidii depromtum, a Gul. Greenfield. 
Lond., 1830, 32mo. pp. 727, publ. at 6i. This 
beautifully and admirably clear printed volume 
comprises the ponderous labours of Stephens 
and Schmidt, hj omittinr the unimportant pro- 
per names, the mdectinable partioles, the pro- 
nouns and the verb substantive ; bv substituting 
simple references for citations, when thewcra 
occurs only 4 or 5 times, or when there are two 
or more passages strictly parallel, in which case 
only one is given, and tne others are referred to. 

11. Concordance to the Greek Testa- 
ment, by John Williams, LL.D. Lon- 
don, 1767, 4to, l6s. 

Williams' Concordance gives the English 
version to each word, and points out the prin- 
cipal Hebrew roots corresponding to the Greek 
words of the Septuagint It is, says Orme, ' a 
very useful and convenient work ; it is much 
more portable than the larger concordances, 
and is sufficient for all common purposes, and 
it is in general very accurate*' 

12. Scientia Biblica. See col. 24, 
no. 59. 

13. Latin. — Sacrorum Bibliorum Vul- 
gatse Editionis Concordantis Hugonb 
Cardinali auctore, recensitae atque emen- 
datie opera et studio Franc. Luc a Bru- 
gensis. Colon. Affrip., 1684, 8vo. 

This is superior to Uie earlier editions. (1.) 
Editio altera. Aven., 1786, 4to, 2 vols., 27». 
The roost complete and generally considered the 
bcBt edition. (2.) ConcordanliH? . . . recens. 
et emend, ab Hub. Fhalesti. Viennae, 1825, 
fol.,dOf. (3.) Concordantis Bibiiorum Sacro- 



rum Vukr. Edit ad recogn. Jnmi Sizti V. 
Bibliis adnibitum, recensits stone emenda f 
ac pluB<)uam viginti quinque miiiibtts versculis 
aucts insuper et Notis lust, geogr., cronicii 
locupletatc, cura F. P. Dutripon. Pana., 
1838, 4to, 55*. An excellent edition. 

14. English. — Concordance, wliercan 
ye maie redely finde anv worde con- 
teigned in the whole Bible, by Jhon 
Marbbck. London, 1550, foL, 18«. 

I'he first English concordance to the entire 
Bible. The work is necessarily imperfect, and 
refers to the chapters onl^r. and not to verses. 
A curious account of the diligence and labours 
of the author will be found in Townley'a fiibL 
Liter., ui, 118-20. 

15. Concordance to the Old and New 
Testament, or a Dictionarjr and Alpha- 
betical Index to the Bible, m two Parts ; 
to which is added a Concordance to the 
Apocrypha, with a Compendium of the 
Bible, and a brief Account of its History 
and EzceUence, by Alexander Cbudbn, 
M.A. London, 1737, 4to, \2$, 

Cruden*s Concordance should be in every 
English library. It is uncommonly complete, 
the definitions of leading words remarkably ac- 
curate, and the references exceedingly oorreot 
(1.) Third Edition. London, 1769, 4to, 20f. 
The last and best edition published bv the on- 
fortunate, but excellent, author. (2.) New 
Edition. London, 1810, ^,20t. Averyoorreet 
reprint read b^ Deodatus Bye. ^3.) New Edi- 
tion, to which is added a life of the Author, by 
Alex. Chalmers, F.S.A..4to,20i. (4.) An Edi- 
tion with a Sketch of theLife andCharacter of the 
Author, by William Youngxan. Lond.. 1831, 
imper. 8vo, publ. at 15f . A handsome and ac- 
curately prmted edition. (5.) An Editum, 
with a Memoir of the Author by the Rev. Ja- 
bez Bu!?nNo, MJL. ^6.) An Edition. Lon- 
don. 1831, roy. 8vo, lof. The value of Cra* 
den s Concordance has caused it to be repeat- 
edly printed, but not always with due rc^fard 
to accuracy. (7.) Cruden*s Concordanee. A 
New Edition, under One Alphabet. Lond^ 
1833, 32mo up to the full 4to size, each SL 
I'he Apocrypha and Explanations b^ng omit- 
ted, and the Concordance having simply the 
reference to the passages of Scripture, mis va- 
luable work, otherwise unabridged, is brought 
within a very narrow compass, and printed of 
various sizes, to bind up with editions of the 
Bible. 

16. Concordance to the Holy Scr^ 
tures, by the Rev. John Buttbrworth. 
London. 1767, 8vo, 4s, 6d, 

A judicious abridgment of Cruden*8 Con- 
cordance. (1.) Second Edition imuroved, 
Lond., 1785, 8vo, 6t, (2.) A New Edition, 
with consid. Improvements by Adam Clarkk, 
LL.D. Lond. 1816, 8vo^ 7«. 6d, I'his im- 

Eresmon has some alterations in the defimtioQa 
y the editor, who has reprinted the original of 
the passages so altered. 

1 7> Concordance of Parallels collected 
from Bibles and Commentaries, which 



^ 



CONCORDANCES. 



80 



lufe been miblished in the Hebrew, La- 
tok, Frendi, Spanish, and other Lan- 
irnam, with the authoritiea of each, by 
9ie Rer. C. Cruttwsll. Bath, 1790, 
4to, 10«. 6tL 

Tfeot ii a work of immense labour, and, says 
Ome, 'Cor occtaonal coosultation may be 
wtttd i but the references are often to numer- 
oas onder a angle Terse, tbat it is scarcely poe- 
able to examine them all, or to perceive the 
OBBgnof each. 

18. Concordance to the Holy Scrip- 
toret, by the Rev. John Bbowm of Had- 
^Dgton. 18niD, 3«. ; sm. 8vo, 2$. 6d, ; 
32mo, 3f. 6d.; 24nio, 48. 6d. 

Tfab, generally denominated the diamond 
csocordanoe, baa been repeatedly printed. 
(1.) An Edition revised by tbe Rev. Wm. 
S$Bab. Glasgow, 1826, 18mo, 3f. Neatly 
itereotyped on a dear and legible type. See 
eol.87,no.5. 

19. Scfiptare Harmony; or Concor- 
duce of Parallel Passages, being a Com- 
mentary <m the Bible from its own Re- 
aoDTces. London, 1818, 4to, &c. 

A very elaborate and useliil compilation 
•(Sapied to every edition of the Bible. It con- 
tuasl die chronology; 2, tbe varions read- 
iags; 3, tbe Scripture references. 

2a Concordance to the Holy Bible, 
by the Rer. Thomas Smith. London, 
1620, 8to, pubL at 12$, ; 4to, at IBs. 

21. Concordance and Dictionary to 
the Bible by Rob. Hawkbr, D.D. 
Sfo, paU. at 16#. 

22. Concordance to the Holv Bible, 

to which is added a Geoffraphical Index, 

with the Calendar and '^ble of Lessons, 

e^ted bv James W. Bellamy, M.A. 

A new Edition. 4to, pubL at 5«. 

Designed to accompany any quarto Bible, 
M particahrly tbat edited by Dn. Doyly and 
Msnt, ts it is adapted to the maps and notes of 
tot edition. 

2X Concordance of the New Testa- 
Bent Impr.byThomasGybson [15361. 

Tbe first concordance to any part of toe 
£ifUi Scripcnrea. It is pobable from the 
Wde to the reader, tbat it was the work of 
Ma Day, ssdstcd by Gybson the printer. 

24. Concordance of the New Testa- 
neat by George K. Hannat. Edinb., 
1835, 32mo, 2s. 

A csrefnUy condensed and well compiled 



5. DICTIONARIKS OF TBI BIBLB. 

1. Matthise Flacii Illyrici Clavis 
Scripture Sacrse. Jense, 1674, fol., 20s, 

Best edition. This learned and elaborate 
*«k, pnmd by Walsh, Mosheim, &c. con- 
^^oitwo parts: in the first, the words and 
"wanefci prcesio n used in tbe Scriptures are 



alphabetically arranged and explained; the 
second contains treatises on the means of ac- 
ouirini^ a knowledge of the sacred writings; on 
the opmions and rules of the Fathers on the 
subject; on the difi*erent parts of speech; on 
the figures and metaphors of Scripture ; aim on 
the peculiarities of its style. See col. \u7, no. 2. 

2. Petri Ravanblli Bibliotheca Sa- 
era, sen Thesaurus Scripture Canonicse 
amplissimos, cum Supplemento. Genev., 
1660-3, foL, 3 vols., 305. 

An alphabetical dictionary of erery thing 
relating to the theology, natural hi^ory, mo- 
rality, rites and ceremomes, etc. of the Scrip- 
tures—a kind of Protestant Calmet, but far 
inferior to the work of Calmet, being heavy, 
technical, and full of redundances . It is, says 
Orme, 'at the same time, a book which dis- 
covers vast reading, and a most* minute atten- 
tion to the Scriptures ;' and the Rev. £. Bick- 
ersteth observes, it is ' full of explanations of 
Scripture and Scriptural subjects. 

3. Complete Christian Dictionary by 
Thomas Wilson [the Puritan], with a 
Portrait. London, 1678, fol., I2s. 

The first attempt in English towards a Dic- 
tionary of the Bible. The edition of 1678 is 
greatly superior to those of 1648, and 1655. 

4. Dictionnaire Historique, Chrono- 
logique, G^graphique et Littoral de la 
Bu)le, par Dom Aug. Calmet, avec 
Rgures. Paris, 1730, fol., 4 vols., £5. 5s, 

This truly valuable work is tlie basis of all 
other modern dictionaries of the Bible. Drs. 
D*Oy]y and Mant have made great use of 
Calmet in the notes to the Bible published by 
the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge. 
Orme observes that ' though the work of a Ca- 
tholic, and frequently tinctured with Catholic 
theologry, it is bv far the roost valuable diction- 
ary to the Bible which has been published.* 
(1.) Calmkt's Dictionary of the Bible, with 
Plates.Lond..l732,fol.,3vols,60s.(2.)CALifBT'8 
Dictionary ot the Bible, . . Fourth Edition 
revised, corrected, and augmented with an ex- 
tensive series of Plates, eiplanatory, illustrative, 
and ornamental, under the direction of C. Tay- 
lor. London, 1823, 4to, 5 vob, £5. 5s,; 
fine paper, £6 6f . Taylor's chief merit consbts 
in diligently bringing together, from a va- 
riety of sources, hcts and extracts which serve 
to dlustrate tne antiquities, maimers, cus- 
toms, and geography, of oriental nations. Vols. 
1 and 2 comprise the Dictionary in an alpha- 
betical series; vols. 3 and 4 contain 750 
Fragments, with the Natural History of the 
Bible, and vol. 5 consists of an Atlas of Plates 
and Maps, with corresponding alphabetical ex- 
planations. An Index of Matters and of Texts 
cited and illustrated in the fourth edition was 
published separately in 1827, at 55. f3.) C al- 
ii ex's Dictionary of the Bible, . . The Fifth 
Edition, revised and greatly improved. Lon- 
don, 1830. 4to, 5 vols, publ. at 4)10. 10s., or in 
pts. at 6j. each. (4.) Calmet's Dictionary of the 
Bible, . . The Sixth EdiHon. London, 1B3— 
4to,5 vols., publ. at £10. 10»., or in parts, at 5». 
each. (5.) Calmet^b Dictionary of the Bible 



87 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



Si 



by Cbarles Tat lob. with the Fragments incor- 
porated. The whole condensed and antLUjered 
in alphabetioid order, with numerous additions 
also with Maps ana Engravings on Wood. 
Lond. 1831, imper. 8vo, publ. at 24s. An 
excellent condensation of the five oiuulo vo- 
lumes into a single large octavo. It is a vo- 
lume which no biblical student will be con- 
tent to be without^ unless he is able to make 
himself possessor of the complete woric. (6.) 
Calmkt s Dictionary of the Bible condensed. 
Second Edition. Lond . 1832 , imper. Svo, publ . 
at 24s. n.) Calmet*s Dictionary of the Bible 
as publ. oy the late Charles I'aylor. with the 
Fragments incorporated. The whole con- 
densed and arranged in alphab. order* Seventh 
edition revised, with large Additions, by Ed- 
ward Robinson, Prof, extraord.of S. Literature 
in the Tbeol. Seminary, Andover; also with 
Maps and Engrav. on Wood. Boston, 1835, 
imper. 8vo. Robinson's additions are chiefly de- 
rived from German sources. ' The object of the 
worii is simply to explain and illustrate the 
meaning of the Bible itoelf, leaving to other oc- 
casions the appUcation of that meaning, as re-* 
gards both the understanding and the heart/— 
Kobinson. 

5. Dictionary of the Holy Bible, on 

the plan of Calmet, but principally 

adapted to Common Readers, by the 

Rev. John Brown of Haddington. 

1769, 8vo, 2 vols., 9*. 

This useful work has contributed very consi- 
derably to disseminate religious information in 
this country. ' The book,' says Orme, * has 
been repeatedly pirated in a shameless manner, 
and sentiments have been introduced into it, 
under Mr. Brown's name, to which he was 
decidedly opposed.' (I.) Brown's Dictionary, 
with a Memoir of the Author by the Rev. 
John Brown Patterson^ of Falkirk ; to which 
is added an Enlarged Edition of Brown's Con- 
cordance, illustr. with Notes.Maps.and Plates. 
8vo, 2 vols., pubL at 16s. The Rev. E. Bicker- 
steth pronounces the work to be ' a very valua- 
ble body of information on divinity ;* and the 
Rev. T. H.Home observes, ' Allowance bein^ 
made for the author's Calvmistic sentiments, it 
may be advantageously substituted for Calmet, 
the price of which necessarily places it above 
the reach of many persons.' 

6. Biblical Cyclopedia, or Dictionary 
of the Holy Scnptnres, by William 
Jones, Author of the History of the 
Waldenses, with Maps and Hates. Lon- 
don, 1816, 8vo, 2 vols., 248. 

I'he author is a decided Cal vinist. The geo- 
graphical portion of his work is particularly 
well executed. A notice of what ' A Compen- 
dious Dictionary of the Bible' ought to be, will 
be found in a review of Jones' work in the 
Brituh Critic, n. s. viii, 445, &c. 

7. Theological, Biblical, and Eccle- 
siastical Dictionary, with Maps, by John 
Robinson, D.D. London, 1816, 8vo, 
2Ss. 

To every theological student who has not 



access to an extensive library this volume will 
prove a very useful subsidary. — British Critic 

8. Dictionary of the Bible by the Rev. 
James Wood, extracted chiefly from 
Brown, Calmet, Sec, with numerous Ad- 
ditions, and Engravings. Twelfth edi- 
tion. London, 18 , 8vo, 2 vols., publ. 
at 20s. 

These volumes will be found to contain an 
historical account of the persons; a geographi- 
cal account of the places ; a literal, critical, and 
systematic descripUoo of other objects, whether 
natural, artificial^ ^^^^K religious, or military; 
and an explanation of the i^pellative temtf 
mentioned m the Old and New Testaments. 

9. Biblical andTheological Dictionary, 
by the Rev. Richard Watson. London, 
1832, roy. 8vo, pp. 1068, publ. at 25*. 

This very respectable work is professedly a 
compilation from preceding compilations, with 
the addition of origin il articles. The dic- 
tionary is strongly tinctured with the audKn-'i 
theological views and anti-Calvioistic pngu- 
dices. 

10. Dictionary of the Holy Bible, by 
Edward Robikson, D.D., with Maps 
and Engravings on wood. Boston, 1 833, 
12mo, 6s. 

Mr. Home observes that ' though avowedly 
designed for schools and young persons, this 
neatly executed publication maybe vary ad- 
vantageously used by all who may be unable to 
procure larger works.' 

11. Scripture Lejdcon ; or, a Dic- 
tionary of above four thousand Proper 
Names of Persons and Places mentioned 
in the Old and New Testament, divided 
into Syllables, with their proper Accents, 
by Peter Oliver. Oxford, 1810, Svo, 
6s. 

A former edition appeared at Birroingrbam, 
1784, 8vo, 4s. It was likewise reprinted at 
Oxford in 1818, 8vo, 8i., and in 1832, 18mo, 
at 6f. 

12. Pocket Dictionary of the Holy 
Bible, by W. Gurnby, A.M. London, 
1826, 18mo, 2s. 6d. 

13. Dictionary of the most important 
>{ames. Objects^ and Terms found in the 
Holy Scriptures, for the use of Teachers 
and Bible Classes, by Howard MaIt- 
coM, M.A., with Engravings. London, 
1831, 18mo, 38. 6d. 

On the first appearance of this little work in 
America, above *^,000 copies were told in the 
course oi about twelve months. 

6. BIBLICAL INDEXES, ANALYSES, 
AND COMMON-PLACE BOOKS. 

1. A Rational Concordance, or Index 
to the Bible, by the Rev. Matthew Pil~ 
KINGTON. Nottingham, 1749, 4to, 5#. 




S9 



BIBLICAL INDEXES. 



00 



In llik Index wiU be fuund maoy words 
wkieh are not in that of Dr. Priestley. 

2. Index to the Bible [generally attri- 
buted to Joseph Priestley^ LL.D.]. 

Thif useful liulez is printed in various sizes 
to bind op with Bibks. ( I.) An Edition. Lond. 
iaO&. ]2mo. 4«. 

3. Index to the Bible by the Rev. Dr. 
Wilson. 1818, 4to. 

This uidex i« much more complete than that 
nhjoiaed to Drs. D'Oyly and Maofs Com- 
aentary oo the Bible. (1.) Condensed Indexes 
to the Bible. Qd. These indexes, adapted to 
promote a ready reference to passages in the 
Holy Scripture, are compressed into a small 
ctunpass, to be bound up with the various sizes 
of BtUes. (2.) Index of Texte and Sub- 
jcetSfinddentiUly illustrated, will be found in 
the Kwrth volume of the fifth edition of ia>lor's 
Cahnet's Dictionary of the Bible. 

4. Christian Institutes, or the Sincere 
Word of God collected out of the Old 
and New Testaments, digested under 
proper heads, and delivered in the very 
words of Scripture, by Francis Gas- 
TBiLL, D.D., Bishop of Chester. Lon- 
don, 1707, sm. 8vo, 3s. 

Iha valuable little work has been frequently 
fqnntcd. 

5. Systena of Revealed Religion, di- 
gerted under proper heads, and com- 
posed in the express words of Scripture; 
oontaining aU Uiat the Sacred Records 
revealwitn respect to Doctrine and Duty, 
byJdinWARDBN, M.A. London, 1769* 
4to,20«. 

This work, exceedingly valuable as a com- 
BiOQ-pIace book, or hannony of passages of 
Scripture, was recommended by Dr. Robert- 
•w, the historian, and other divines of' the 
ScflittHfa church. Dr. Williams observes, 
*A frequent reading of this work must be 
advantagooos, were it only to render the phra- 
^tciogj of Scripture more familiar : but the 
cider and fuocession of the parts also render it 
cifi^ying . Ever^ chapter is in the form of a 
regalar and continued discourse, and, there- 
we, different in design from a common-place 
book.' (1.) A NewEdition. Lond., 1819, 8vo, 
3vQk.l4t. 

6. Jo. Henr. Hbidbogeri Enchiri- 
dioo Biblictim. Tiguri, 1681, sm. 8vo. 5s, 

Heidegger's work contains prefaces to the 
^feent books of the O. and N. T., together 
vith very minote analyses of the different 
WduL A fifth edition, Jens, 1723, sm. 8vo, 
^ (1.) SaL Van Til Opus Analyticum, 
oaBprebendens Introd. in S. Scripturam, 
•d J. H. Heidegireri Enchiridion Biblicuro 
lOOllNHMOltaKON concinnatum. I'raj. ad 
RhiQ.y 1720, 4to. 2 vols, I2i. A most minute 
miItsh of every book, and almost of every 
in the Scriptures. Van Til frequently 
Heidegger's errors, and suppUes many 



7. Analysis of the Holy Bihle, con- 
taining the whole of the Old and New 
Testaments, collected and arranged sys- 
tematically, hy Matthew Talbot. Leeds, 
1800, 4to, 36s. 

A book of good arrangrement and convenient 
reference, and calculated to augment, bv very 
easy application, our stores of sarreid know- 
ledge. Jt is divided into thirty books, which 
are subdivided into 285 chapters, and 4144 
sections. 

8. Common Place Book to the Holy 
Bihle, hy John Locke, Esq., revised and 
improved by the Rev. Wdham Dodd, 
LL.D. London, 1766, 4to, 15^. 

A very useful book, recommended by Bp. 
Tomline and others. In it 'the substance of 
scripture respecting doctrine, worship, and 
manners, is reduced to its proper head ; weighty 
cases are resolved : truth confirmed ; and diffi- 
cult texts illustratea and explained.' (1.) New 
Edition, with Portraits. London, 1805, 4to, }ds. 
(2.) New Edition. Lond., 1824, 8vo, 10^. 6d. 

9. Common-Place Book ; or, Compa* 
nion to the Old and New Testaments [bv 
the Rev. Hugh Gaston]. A new Edi. 
tion corrected, compared and enlarged 
by Joseph Strutt. London, 1813, 
8vo, 7s. 

I'his work comprises a lartte collection of 
pertinent texts, arranged under appropriate 
heads, exemplifying and enforcing* the faith 
and practice of a christiad. The attributes, 
perfections, and operations of God ; the glories 
of tlie Saviour: the accomplished work of re- 
demption ; and the agency of the holy spirir, 
are severally enlarged upon. The divine law 
is ampUfied with the consentaneous illustrations 
of its precepts by our Lord himself, and bv the 

{>rophets and apostles. I'be pergonal and re^ 
ative duties of mankind are large'v insisted 
upon. (1.) Second Edition enlargred. Lond., 
1824, 8vo, lOf. 6d. 1 o this enlarged edition 
20,000 references were added. 

10. Christian's Inheritance, heing a 
Collection of the Promises of Scripture 
under their Proper Heads, hy Samuel 
Clarke, D.D. 18mo, 2s.; 24mo, Is., 
&c. 

I'his work isa great favourite with numbers of 
piouspersons, and has been repeatedly printed. 
The Rev. E. Bickers'eth observes, * The pro- 
mises are for the most part well arranged, and 
this book has been found food for many. But 
it has one serious fault. Ihey are scriptare 
promises, but not in the scripture mode and 
connection. They are often dissevered from the 
Christian tempers and duties with which thev 
are associated in the scripture, and in which 
alone an interest in them is maintained and 
enjoyed.* (I.) Dr. Clarke's Scripture Pro- 
mises, withan Essay by Ralph W ah di.aw, D.D. 
12mo,3s. : 24mo,2«. (2.) Heritage du Chretien, 
trad, de I Anglois du Dr, Clakkx. 24mo, 2#. 
A neat pocket edition. 



91 



RELIGtON AND ITS HIStORY. 



02 



7. BIBLICAL CBIT1CI8M, OR TRSA- 

TIBSB ON THS SACRED TEXT 

AND VERSIONS. 

1. Bibliotheca Criticn Sacr», circa 
omnes fere Sacrorum librorum difficul- 
tates, ez Patrum veterum traditione et 
probatiorum Interpretuni) collecta ab uno 
ordinis Carmelitarum Discalceatonim 
Ireligioso [F. Cherabino a S. Joseph]. 
Loyanii^ 1704, foL, 4 vols., 638. 

In this very prblii, btit elaborate work, eVery 
poeiible question relative to Scripture criticism 
18 discussed and illustrated firom the writinffs of 
the fathers and eminent divines, prindpaUy of 
the ChuUch of RomCi The last voL contains 
prefaces to the different books of the O. and N. 
T., exhibiting the time when they w^ written, 
their language, authors, and respective autho- 
rity, together with copious synopses of the con- 
tents of each book. — ^Horne. 

Si SaL GrLAssti Philologia Sacra, oua 
tbtius Vi et N. T. Scriptune turn Stylus 
et litteratura, turn Sensus et Genuinse 
Interpretationis Ratio et Doctrina, Lib- 
lis V expenditur et traditur. Lips., 
1725, 4to, 12#. 

Best edition of an ' inestimable and immortal 
work.' The first and second books treat on the 
st^Ie and meaning of the sacred writers, the 
third and fourth od sacred grammar, ana the 
fifth on sacred rhetoric, after which is a treatise 
on sacred logic. Bp. Jebb prefers Glass* Phi- 
lolofiria to Dathe's abridgment (1.) Sal. 
Glassu Philologia Sacra liis temporibus ac- 
commodata a J. A. Dathio et G. L. Bauero. 
LipsiflB, 1776, 95, 7, 8 vo, 3 vols., 31s. 6d, Orme 
olMerves 'The author's own edition must be 
consulted for his religious views ; while the 
improved one of Dathe and of Bauer will be 
found more suited to the present state of bibli- 
cal literature.' 

3. Ludov. De Dibu Critica Sacra, sive 
Animadversiones in Loca quasdam dif- 
ficiliora V . et N. Testamenti : suffiza est 
Apocalypsis, Syr., Heb., Gr. et Lat. 
Amst., 1693, foL, ISs. 

A work of acknowledged merit. Dr» A. 
Clarke remarks that perhaps no man ever pos- 
sessed a more consummate knowledge of the 
Oriental languages than De Dieu, nor em- 
ployed his knowledge to more useful purposes. 
According to Walcn and Calmet he deserves 
to be ranked among the most learned and skil- 
ful interpreters of the word of God. 

4. Histoire Critique du Vieux Testa- 
ment par le P^ Simon. Paris, 1678, 

4to. 

This edition was suppressed throufi^h the in- 
fluence of the Jesuit Le TelUer. It is inferior 
to the later impressions, but is said to contain 
some passa^ subsequenUy omitted. (I.) 
Histoire Critique du Vieux Testament. Rott., 
1685. 4to, 10«. dd. Best Edition. The 
first book contains a critical history of the 



Hebrew teztfirom the timeof Moses i the seoond 
discusses the merits of the several vernou of 



the O. T. made in eariy or in later ages ; ni 
the third is devoted to the exposition of the 
principles of biblical interpretation — to thb part 
IS added a list of the principal editioDS of the 
Hebrew Scriptures, and of the ancieotverwioi. 
and a catalogue of the writers (mostly Jewiih) 
referred to in the Critical History. (2.) Idon, 
Latine. Amst j 1681 , 4to, 7f . In some copia 
after the pre&oe by the supposed trauslator 
Natalis Aibertus Verseus, whose name it besra, 
it is called a history of the religion of the Jewi 
by R. Moses Levi. The Latin version was re- 
printed in 1685. 1698. and 170a (3.) Criti. 
cal History of the O; T. in three Books, tnnsL 
from the French of Richard Simoh. LomL, 
1682, 4to^ 6f. A very indiffierent translatioo. 
(4.)HistoireCritiqiieduTexteetde8Versioittdn 
N.T., par le Pere Simon. Rotterdam, 1689-80, 
4to, 2 vols., 12s. This work, says Orme, ' thoach 
it still contains many free and many doubtral 
sentiments, is by no means so objectk»ahle 
as that of the O. T,, and is well deserving of i 
repeated and careful perusal hj the bibliod 
student' Ernestiobeerves that Simon, ' thovgli 
he may sometimes err^ has explained the chanc* 
ters and merits of the mterpreters, with more ac- 
curacy andjudgmentthan any author with whose 



works I am acquainted.' (5.) Critical History 
of the Text ancf Versions or the N. T. bv Father 
Simon, transL from the French. I/nuL, 16B9- 
92, 4to. 2 vols., 12s. A barbarous translatioa 
of the first portion of Simon's work on the N.T. 
(6.) Histoire Critique des principaux Com- 
mentateurs du N. T., depuis le Commencemoit 
du Christianisme jusques a notre Tems, par le 
Pere Simon. Rotterdam, 1693, 4to,7s.6d. (7.) 
Nouvelles Dissertations sur le Texte et les Ver- 
sions du N. T., par le Pere Simon. Rotter- 
dam, 1695. 4to, 7s. 6d. These two last have not 
been translated into English. Some admirable 
strictures on the critical principles of Father 
Simon will be found in Dr. Campbell's thml 
Preliminary Dissertation, in which he obserrei. 
' the Critical History has been observed to pro- 
duce two contrary enects on readers of opposite 
characters. Of the weak and timid, it oftea 
makes implicit believers ) of the intelligent and 
daring, it makes free-thinkers.' Bishop Manh 
says, ' 1 venture to assert the Critical History 
contains very valuable information in regard to 
the criticism, both of the Hebrew Bible and of 
the Greek Testament' An account of the con- 
troversy which Simon's works occasioned will 
be found in Walchius' Biblioth^ia Tbeologioa, 
iv, 250-9. 

5. Considerations upon the Style of 
the Holy Scriptures, by Uie Hon. Robert 
BoTLS. Lond., 1661, 8vo, 3«. 6d, 

Frequentlv reprinted, llie work, says Onne, 
* discovers the solid learning and great acote- 
ness of the philosopher, blended with all that 
veneration tor Goa, and love to his revealed 
will, which so eminently characterized him as 
a Christian.' It abounds in excellent observa' 
tions, and contains, in the opinion of the Rev. 
E. Bickersteth, many original and devotional 
remarks. (I.) Latine. Oxon., 1665. 

6. Hump. HoDii de Bibliorum Tex- 



d9 



BIBLICAL CRITICISM. 



94 



tSmt Origiaalibosy Venkmibiu Greds, 

ol LitiBa Vulgata LAbri quatuor : pne- 

outtitiir Aristbjb Historia de LXX In- 

tcrpretibtis, Gr. et Lat. Oxonii^ 1705, 

ibUlGt. 

BahoD Manh calls this performanoe the 
' dancai work on the Septuagmt.' According 
Id Onne, ' It eiaminea with great accuracy, 
■ad diicnflifi with much learning and ability, 
every giicition relating to the acpe. the authors, 
the charikcter. and progress of all celebrated 
vemoDS. All subsequent writers have been 
grettly indebted to the work of Hody.' 

7. BtflXoQ KaraXXayi|c, in qno secun- 
dmn Tetenim Theologomm Hebneomm 
Fonmilaa allegandi et Modos interpre- 
tandi, condHantnr Loca ex V. in N. T. 
aOcgita, auctore GniL Sursnhusio. 
Amst, 1713, 4to, I2s. 

In ^ excellent work many very difficult 
are elaborately illustrated. 



8. Coime of Lectores, by Herbert 
Marsh, Bp. of Peterborougb. See col. 
3, no. 7. 

9* Hone Biblice, beinff a connected 
Soiee of miaceUaneoos Notes on tbe 
oriffinal Text, early Versions and printed 
E&ons of the O. and N. T., by Charles 
BtrruKR, Esq. Oxford, 1797. 

A iuffiaoas manual of biblical criticism. 
IV Bfit part is a connected series of notes on 
tke text and Hteranr history of the Bibles ; the 
iMioad, notes on the Koran, Zend-ATCsta, Vedas, 
Kiap, and Edda. (1.) An Edition. London, 
ttOf^roy. 8vo, 2 vols* Tbe work, says Orme, 
great credit to the learning, research, 
ir, and good sense' of the author, a Ro- 
CsthoBc layman.' A fifth edition is in- 
1 in a collection of Mr. Butler's ' Philo- 
logical and Biographical Woriu/ 1817, 8vo, 
i vols. A French version of the Hore Biblice 
«kk noleB, &c, appeared at Paris in 1810, 8vo. 

10. Institutes of BibUcal Criticism, by 
CSIbntGiRARD,D.D. Second Edition. 
EAalnirgh, 1808, 8vo, 25s. 

A Tahwile work, which if it does not actu- 
ally fiisuii a system of religion, shows at least 
yy desriy how such a srstem should be 
fiHadsd opon^ and drawn from, the Sacred 
Woiiogi. 'Of general and elementary treatises, 
Asreiinooe,*s«ys Bp. Marsh, ' whscn is more 
ts be reooauDended, either for perspicuity or 
oneetneat. than the Imtitutes of BibHeal Cri- 
iicaBM, by Prof. Gerard.' Orme obsonres, ' No 
•as ssa deny the merit of accurate learning and 
J^dSoDis arrangement to this work; but it 
gWSi nly is one of the driest and most uninte- 
Mtfiag books ever written on the Bible. It is 
a skeleton, destitute alike of flesh and 
.' The greater number of the copies of 
int edition were lost at sea between Leidi 
^London. 

11. Sacred literature, in twelve Books; 
to which are added Epistles and Ex- 



3?£ 



tracts from some of the most eaiiy of 
the Christian Fathers, by the Rer. David 
Simpson. Birm., 1788, 8vo, 4 vols., 30#. 
This work is a condensation of everv thinfir 
neoessarr to a satisfectory and practical peru- 
«d of the Scriptures, extracted from every 
accessible source. It is truly an excellent 
publication too little known. 

11 a. Opinions of Learned and Emi- 
nent Men on the Truth, Style, and Im- 
portance of the Holv Bible. London, 
1839» 12mo. publishea at 6#.; 8vo. at I2s, 

In tins work the editor has, in a clear and 
concise form, given the eulogi^ which have 
been uttered in every period of Christianity 
upon the Sacred Volume. 

12. Connexion between the Sacred 
Writings and Uie literature of Jewish 
and Heathen Authors, particularly that 
of the Classical Ages, illustrated, by Ron 
bert Gray, D.D.. Bishop of BristoL A 
new Edition, corrected. London* 1819» 
8vo, 2 vols, 21s. 

A valuable work, indispensably necessary to 
the bibUod student. The first edition appe«r6d 
in 1817, 8vo, in 1 voL (1.) Josiah and Cyrus, 
the two great Objects or Divine Notice in the 
Sdieme of Revelation, by Robert Gsay, 
Bishop of Brktol. London, 1833, 12mo. 

13. Elements of BibUcal Criticism and 
Interpretation, transl. from the Latin of 
Emesti, Keil, Beck, and Moms, and 
accompanied with Notes by Moses 
Stuabt, Prof, at Andover, N. America. 
Republished, with addit. Observ. by E. 
Hendbrson, Tutor of the Mission. 
Coll., Hoxton. Lond.. 1827» 12mo, 4s. 

An excellent text*book both for a theological 
tutor and student. It comprises a translation, 
with some omismons, of Ernesti*8 Inst Inter- 
pretis N. T., and extracts, in the form of notes 
on the several sections from the Hermeneutica 
N. T. of Moms. Occasional use is made of 
other works, and some additions have been in- 
troduced into this republication by the Enrlish 
editor. An able notice of the work will be 
found in the EcU Rev. for Jan. 1828. See 
coU 106, no. 12. 

14. Popular Lectures on Biblical Cri- 
ticism and Interpretation; to which is 
added a Vocabulary of the Sjrmbolical 
LAng:uage of Scnpture, by William 
Carpentbr. Lond., 1829> 8vo, 6s. 

A creditable compilation 'not intended for 
the bibtiod scholar or the advanced student, 
but for the unlearned Christian whose wish it 
is to study the Bible to advantage.' 

15. Elementary Course of [8] Lectures 
on the Criticism, Interpretation, and 
Leading Doctrines of the Bible, delivered 
at Bristol College, 1832-3, by W. D. 

CONYBBARB, M!A. Lood., 1834, 8VO. 
A very useftil compendium. Much valuable 



95 



RELIQION AND ITS HISTORY. 



96 



and erudite infonnation» conveyed in a popular 
form, on the character of the Semitic dialects 
in ^neral, will be found in the essay appended. 
(I/) A New Edition con^derably improved. 
Lond., 1838, sm. 8vo, 85. The object of the 
author is to present a conpendious manual of 
the principal elements of theolo^cal study. It 
is divided into three parts, 1, on the evidences 
of religion; natural and revealed; 2. on the 
criticism and interpretation of the bible; 3, on 
the peculiar doctrines of Christianity. It is a 
work of no ordinary merit, displavin^ profound 
learning in union with sound orthodoxy, unaf- 
fected candour and liberality, and a truly catho- 
lic spirit. 

16. Biblical Cabinet, or Hermeneuti- 
cal, Exegetical and Philological Library. 
Edinb., 1832, &c., sm. 8vo, vols. 1 to , 
publ. at 5s. each. 

The Biblical Cabinet, taken as ft whole, is 
one of the most valuable publications that has 
yet been placed within the reach of biblical and 
theological students. Vols. 1, and 4, contain 
ERNEsrrs Institutio Interpretis ; 2, Four Pbilo- 
logrical Tracts (on the Language of Palestine in 
the Age of Christ and the Apostles, by Prof. 
Pfannkuche: on the Greek Diction of the 
N. T., by Prof. Planck : on the Importance of 
the Study of the O. T., oy Prof. Tholuck : on 
the Tropical Language of the N. T.. by l*rof. 
Beckhavs) : 3 and 18, Tittmann's Synonjrms 
of the New Testament ; 5 and 12, Tholuck on 
the Romans ; 6 and 20, Thot.uck's Kxposition 
of the Sermon on the Mount ; 7, Planck's Sa- 
cred Theology; 8, Pareau's Principles of In- 
terpretation of the O. T. ; 9, Professor Stork's 
Dissertations on the * Kingdom of Heaven ;* 
on the Parable of Christ, and on the word 
IIAHPAMA ; and Professor Hf.ngstenbero on 
the Interpretation of Isaiah, chap. lii, 12, liii. 
10, The Syntax of the NewT^tament Dialect, 
by Si V ART, with an Appendix on the Greek 
Article; 11 and 17, Rosenmullir's Biblical 
Geography : 13 and 14, Stieger on the First 
Epistle of Peter; 15, LrcKE on St. John; 16 
and 19, I'ntrfit on Job ; 21 and 23, Bill- 
roth on the Corinthians; 22, Krumhacuer's 
Cornelius. 

17. Brian! Waltoni in Biblia Poly- 
glotta Prolegomena. 

This work enjoys a high place among stan- 
dard critical works on the sacred text. See 
col. 7-8, no. 4. (8.). 

(1.) Prospectus, with Specimens, of a New 
Polyglott Bible in quarto, by the Rev. Josiah 
Pratt. Oxford, 1797, 4to.( 2.) Prospectus of 
a Polyglott Bible in octavo, witn an Appendix, 
by the Rev. Josiah Pratt. Lend., 17£©, 8vo. 

18. Ludov. Capblli Critica Sacra, 
sive de variis quae in Sacris V. T. Libris 
occunimt Lectionibus Libri sex, recen- 
suit, &c., G. J. L. VooEL ; cum Appen- 
dice var. Scriptonmi ad eam se referen- 
tum, recens. J. G. ScharpbnIsbro. 
Hal. Majord., 1775-86, 8vo, 3 vols., 18*. 

Best edition of this valuable work, the result 
of thirty-six years labour. It contains Capel's 



defences against Buztorf and odierantBgoBiMi, 
and also numerous valuable notes by the edi- 
tors. (1.) Editio prima. Paris., 1^0, 4tD, 
10s. CapePs writings led to a most importaot 
change on the mode of investigating the sense 
of Scripture. High praises are bestowed on 
him by Orotius, Walton, Vomis, and Keani- 
oott He rejected the doctrines of the Masoren, 
availed himself of the aids of the ancient ver- 
sions, and every other legitimate means d cri- 
ticism to help him in discovering the mind cf 
God in the Scriptures. 

19. Aug. Pfbippbri Critica Sacra, 
de Sacri Codicis partitione, editionibos 
variis. Unguis origmaiibus et illibata pu- 
ritate fontium; necnon ejusdem trant- 
latione in linguas totius universi, de 
Masora et Kaobala, Talmude et Ako- 
rano. 8vo. 

Numerous editions. It will likewise be 
found in the collective edition of Pfeiffer's Pki* 
lological works. 

20. Jo. Leusdeni Philologus Ebre- 
us, continens Qusestiones Ebraicas que 
circa V. Test. Ebrseum fere moveri bo- 
lent. Amst., 1686, 4to, 6$. 

A valuable work, frequently reprinted. (1.) 
Jo. Leusdeni Philologus Ebneo-Mixtus, bihi 
cum Spicilegio philologioo, continente decern 
quasstionum et positionum prscipue Philolo- 
glco-Ebraicarum et Judaicarum centurias. t'l- 
traj., 16(>3, 4to,6i. Reprinted 1682. &c See 
col. 101, no. 39. 

21. Essay towards restoring the true 
Text of the Old Testament, &c., by Wil- 
liam Whiston. Lotadon, 1 722, 8vo. bt. 

In the appendix to this essa;r, is an Enidtdi 
version of all the passages in the Samaritxn 
Pentateuch in which itdifTcrs from the Hebrew. 
In Carpzovius* Critica Sacra V. T. will be 
found a V^indication of the Hebrew Scriptures 
against the rude attacks of Mr. Whiston. 

22. Jo. Gott Carpzovii Critica Sa- 
cra Veteris Testamenti. Lipaiie, 1738, 
4to, 9s, 

An elaborate work. Carpzov adheres to the 
high notions which in his time prevailed cod* 
ceming the integrity of the Hebrew text, and 
Bishop Marsh remarks, * if proper allowince 
be made on this account, it will be found to be 
a very useful work, and replete with informa- 
tion on the subject of Hebrew criticism.' It con- 
sists of three parts, — 1 , on the original text ; 
2, on the ancient versions ; 3, a reply to a work 
of Whiston. See col 101, no. 41. 

23. State of the Printed Hebrew Text 
considered in two Dissertations, by Denj. 
Kennicott, D.D. Oxford, 1753-4, 
8vo, 2 vols., 12*. 

1'hese dissertations, according to Onne, 
* throw a great deal of light on parts of the He- 
brew text, and also completely prove Dr. Ken- 
nicott's main position, the comiptioos which 
had got into it^ (1.) Beni. KtNNicrrm Dis- 
sertationcs . . ex Angl. Latine vertit et auxit 
W. A. Tti.LKa. Lips , 1756-65, 8vo, 2 vols.. 



w 



BIBLICAL CRITICISM. 



9a 



Mf. ri) Ttn Annoml Accounts of the Colla- 
liooof Hebrew MSS. of the O. T. begunin 
two and completed in 1769, by B. Kennicxht, 
DlD. OzliDrd, 1770, 8vo, 7«. See col. 13-14, 
Id. 



24. O. G. Tychbsn de variis Codi- 
enm Htbr. V. T. niss. Generibus a Ju- 
dsis et Non Judacis descriptis, eonim- 
ooe in Classes certas Distributione, et 
Antiqiiitatis et Bonitatis Characteribus. 
Rostochii, 1772, Svo, 4s, 6d, 

Wdl worthy the notice of the biblical stu- 
<iait. 

35. J. B. Ds RoBsi de ignotis non- 
nuUis anticjiiiss. Hebr. Textus Editioni- 
bus, ac cntico eanim Usu. Erlangee, 
1782, 4to, 7s. 6d. 

This work, besides other curious matter, con- 
tiiBt a hiatorico-critical appendix to Masch*8 
cditiai of Le Lon^^s Bibliotheca Sacra. (1.) 
Compendio di Critica Sacra, dei Difetti e del- 
It Eaeodazioni del Sacro Testo, e Piano d'una 
Kiora Edizione, del Dre. G. B. Dx Rossi. 
Parma, 1811, 8vo, 3t. 6d. A sketch of the state 
flf the text of the Hebrew Scriptures, an out- 
hoe of a plan fior a new edition of the Bible, 
■ad Ttrious readings. See coL 13, no. 16, (1. j 

26. Des Titres Primitifa de la lUv^ 
bstion, oo Considerations critiqpes sur 
k Por^ et rint^te du Texte Original 
det Ltrres Saints de TAncien Testament, 
par Gabriel Fabricy. Rome, 1772, 
Sto, 2 Tds., 20s, 

This learned and most excellent work is little 
kaown. It is. however^ praised by Orme and 
C Butler, and the prelnninanr dissertation on 
the Evidences of the Divine Revelation of the 
0. T.Scr ipUifes is well worth translation. 



S7. Critica Sacra, or a short Intro- 
doction to Hebrew Criticism, with a 
Supplement [by Henry Owbn, D.D.]. 
London, 1774, 5, Svo, Ss, 

A valittble introduction. (1.) Critica Sacra 
fva m ined by Rapb^l Bakub. London, 1775, 
8f^2«.6rf. 

28. Biblical Criticism on the Books 
of the Old Testament, and Translations 
of Sacred Songs, with Notes, critical 
and explanatory, by Samuel Horslky, 
Bp. of St. Asaph. Lond., 1820, Svo, 4 
▼ob., pnbL at 42s, 

These volumes likewise include Hosea. a 
Diaertatioo on Isaiah xviii, and one on the nrst 
^ree chapters of Genesis. Orme observes, 
'Aia critic, Horsley was leiuned, but dogmatic. 
8l«B,bold, dear, and brilliant, often eloquent, 
lan efaa es argumentative^ always original, he 
«M too often led, by his disdain of what is 
coBODon, inio hazardous speculations and hasty 
caofhwioas. and not unfrequently into confident 
— utiu ns ot dubious and paradoxical points.' 

29. Breris Ezpositio Critices Veteris 
Foederis, auctore Herm. Muntingrs, 
e^denmt B. Nibitwold et C. H. Van 



Hbrwbrde^. Groningee, 1827, 8ro, 
5s. 6d, 

A compendium of valuable observations of 
the most distinguished critics who have treated 
on the Old Testament 

30. Hebrew Poetry.— De Sacra Poesi 
Hebrseorum Prselectiones Academics^, 
auctore Rob. Lowth, Episc. Londin., 
cum notis et epimetris J. D. Mtcha- 
BLis, edidit E. F. C. Rosbnmullbr. 
Oxon., 1821, Svo, \6s. 

Best edition of these lectures, which origin- 
ally appeared in 1753. The Oxford reprint 
likewise contains remarks by Richter and We- 
iske. (1.) Lectures on the Sacred Poetry of 
the Hebrews, transl. from the Latin of Bp. 
LowTn by G. Gregory, with the principal 
Notes of Prof. Michaelis, and Notes by the 
translator and others. London, 1787, Svo, 2 
vols., 9«. (2.) Second Edition. London, 1816, 
8vo, 2 vols., IQf. (3.) Lectures .... tramt. 
with notes by Calvin E. Stonx, A JVf . Ando- 
ver, [MasBachusetts] 1829, Svo, 7«. This ver- 
sion contains a selection of notes from eminent 
writers since the time of Michaelis. See col. 
16, no. 27. 

(4.) Sacred Literature; comprising a Re- 
view of the Principles of Composition laid 
down hj the late Bp. Lowth in his Prelections 
and Isaiahj and an Application of the Princi- 
ples so reviewed, to the Illustration of the New 
Testament ; in a Series of critical Observa- 
tions on the Style and Structure of that Sacred 
Volume, by the Rev. John Jebb, D.D., Bishop 
of Limeridc. London, 1820, Svo, lOi. An 
analysb of the system developed in this admir- 
able work will be found in Mr. Home's Intro- 
duction to the New Testament. (4a.) Second 
Edition, corrected. London, 1828,8vo,12i. The 
learned and elegant author controverts some of 
Lowth's views. No book of criticism, says 
Orme, * has appeared more worthy of attention 
from the biblical scholar, or more calculated to 
recommend the study of the Scriptures.' An- 
other celebrated critic has pronounced it to be 
' one of the finest specimens of sacred criticism 
in our lang^iage.' 

(5.) Versuco einer Metrik der Hebraer, von 
J.J. Bellermann. Berlin, 1813, Svo, 5f. 

(6.) J. G. EicHHORN Commentationes de 
PropheticaPoetiiHebneorum. Gotting., 1823, 
4to. Eichhom's critical writings display exten- 
sive and exact learning. 

(7.) Vom Geist der Ebraeischen Poesie, von 
J. G. Herder. Leipz., 1825, Svo, 2 vols., 18i. 
This work, recommended by Profoasor Heeren, 
is much esteemed in Germany. (8.) The Spi- 
rit of Hebrew Poetry, by J. G. Hebdbr, transl. 
from the German by James Marsh. Burling- 
ton [New Jersey], 1833, 12rao, vol. 1. 

(9.) Essay on Hebrew Poetry. Ancient and 
Modem, by Philip Sarchi, LLJ). Lond., 
1824, Svo, 6f. 

31. Gul. Gbsbnii de Pentateucbi Sa- 
maritani Origine, Indole et Auctoritate 
Comment, pbilologico-critica. Halse, 

1815, 4to, 4s. 6d. 

In the North-American Review, xxii, 274- 
317, and in the Andover Biblical Repository 

u 



99 



REUGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



100 



tor 1833, 681-734, it ao elaborate dig«ft by 
Prof. Stuart, of almost all that is known oon- 
oeming the Samaritansand the Samaritan Pen- 
tateuch. (I.) Gul. GssBNn Anecdota Exoni- 
ensia, Tomus I. LipS;. 1822, 4to. This voL 
contains the Samaritan Psalms, with an Arabic 
rersiou and notes^ likewise a dissertation on 
Syriac lexicons, with specimens of the hitherto 
inedited ones of Bar Ali and Bar Bahluli. 

32. Collation of an Indian Copy of the 
Pentateuch, by Thomas Ybatbb. Cam- 
bridge, 1813, 4to, pubL at 9s ^ 

A valuable publication. Im the Tolume are 
likewise contamed ' preKminary remarks, con- 
taining an exact description of the ms., and a 
notice of some others, Hebrew and Syriac, col- 
lected by the Rct. C. Buchanan^ DJ). in 
1806, and now deposited in the Pubhc Library, 
Cambridge ; also a collation and a description 
of the ms. roll of the Book of Esther and the 
Megillah of Ahasuenis, from the Hebrew copy, 
origmally extant in Brazen Tablets at Goa, 
wim an English translation.' An account of 
the ms. will be found in the Rev. T. H. Home's 
Introduction to the Scriptures, vol. iv, pt. i, 
ch, iii, sect i. 

33. De Ongine et Indole Arabics 
librorum V. T, Histor. Interpret. libri 
11, acripsit iEmilius Robdigbr; pas- 
sim adjecta sunt Scholia Tanchumi 
Arahici, aliaque Anecdota. Halis Sax., 
1829, 4to,9<. 

34. Nicol. WisBMAN Hone Syriacce, 
seu Commentationes et Anecdota Res 
yelLdtterariasSyriacas spectantia. Romse, 
1828, 8vo, vol. 1, 7s. 6a. 

Mr. Home observes, this profoundly learned 
volume comprises collections for the literary 
history of the Syriac versions of the Old Testa- 
ment, and particularly of the Peschito or Old 
Syriac Version .... Dr. Wiseman's Syriac 
quotations have been subjected to a minute and 
critical examination by Professor Lee in the 
prolegromena to his Polyglot Bible. 

35. Biblia Grseca. — Is. Vossii Dis- 
sertationes de LXX Interpretibus, eo- 
rumque Translatione et Chronologia. 
Hag. Com., 1661, 4to, 7s. 6d. 

In these dissertations, Vossius warmly de- 
fends the character and chronology of the Sep- 
tuagint. In an appendix of ' Castigationes,* 
he attMks several writers on the age of the 
world, and was smartly answered by Dr. H. 
Hody in his work against Aristeas. 

(1.) Jac UssEBii, Archiep. Armach., de 
Gneca Septui^nnta Interpretum Versione S^- 
tagma, cum Labri Estheras Editione Origemca 
etvetere Orsca altera. Lond., 1655, 4to, 8i. 
Bishop Marsh observes, ' this is a wofk of great 
merit : it displays much original inauiry, and 
may be regarded as the ground-won of later 
publications on the Septuagint.' 

(2.) Disoouneof the LXX Interpreters, the 
Place and Manner of their Interpretation, by 
John Gregobt. London, 1674, 4to, 2f. 6tf. 

(3.) Letters concerning the Septuagint, and 
the Heathen Philosophy, by Robert Speab- 



MAN,£sq. Edinb.. 1720, SfOv 3f. Orme ob- 
serves, ' Spearman's opinion of the LXX was 



low and incorrect, but he has some sensible 
remarks on the quotatioiis from it in the N.T. 
He considers all the mytholopry of the heatfaea 
to have been originally denved from revela- 
tion.' 

(4.) Enquiry into the present State of the 
Septuagint Version of the Old Testament, by 
Henry OwxN, D.D. London, 17G9. 8vo, 4s. 
(5,) Brief Account, Historical and Critical, of 
the Septuagint Version of the Old Testament : 
to which is added a Dissertation on the com- 
parative Excellency of the Hebrew and Sama- 
ritan Pentateuch, by Dr» Henry Owkn. Lon- 
don, 1787, 8vo, 4«. 6(<. Thk brief account, says 
Bp. Mann, should be read by ever^ man who 
wishes to be acquainted with the history of the 
Septuagint. 

(6^ J. F. FfscHERi Prohisienes de Veniooi' 
bus Grecis Librorum V. T. Lips , 1772, 8vo, 
8t. A very valuable philological work. Hie 
writings of Fischer are often referred to by 
Michaelis, Manch, and EmestL 

(7.) Enouiries mto the Archetype of the 
SeptiiagintVenion,byH.S.CauwT8. LoikL» 
1774, 8vo. 

(8.)S.T. MucKE de Origine Venionk LXX 
Interpretum. Ziillich., 1788. 8vo,3i»6if. Thk. 
in the opinion of Bp. Marsh, is ' a very use^ 
work, as it represents both condselv and per- 
spicuonsly the several topics whtoh sugnU 
themselves for consideration on the origin orths 
Septuagint version.' 

. (9.) Jo. Fred. Schleusnebi Opnscnlm Cri- 
tica ad Versiones Grscas V. T. pertioenkia. 
lips., 1812, 8vo, 8f . This volume ooimis of 
two parts— the first contains ofaeervatioas on 
the authority and use of the Greek firthera in 
settling the genuine reading of the versions; 
the second comprises observations and eoa- 
jectural emendations on those versions. 

(10.) Of the Septuaffint Version, and the 
Fragments of Aquua, Symmachus, &c. One 
of the chapters in Emesti's Institutio Interprs- 
tb is devoted to the Alexandrine translation. 

36. BeUnm Papale, nre Concordui 
DiscoTs Sixti V et Clementis VIII dr- 
ca Hieronymianam Editionem, auctora 
Thoma James. Lond.» 1606, 4to, 13t. 

An able expos6. (I.) Editio altera. Lend.. 
1678, 12mo, 12i. 

37. Sacred Qassica defended and ilr 
lostrated, by Ant. Black WALL. Lou* 
don, 1727-31, 8vo, 2 vola., 9s. 

Blackwall was a strenuous advocate for the 
purity of the Greek style of the New Testa- 
ment His second volume contains manv ex- 
cellent observations on the division of the New 
Testament into chapters and verses, yd abo 
on various readings. (1.) London, 1 797, 12mo. 
2 vols., Is., with portrait of the author. (2.) 
Idem, Latine, a Chr. Woll. linsts, 1736, 4to, 
7t.6d, The Rev. £. Bickersteth oboerves. ' It 
is allowed, that this work, without establiming 
the particular aim of the writer, gives Kghl to 
many passages.' 

38. Tho. Gatakbbi Diaaertatio de 



m 



BIBUCAL CRITICISM. 



102 



S^Novi lofllniiiienti. Lond.» 1648, 

Ottaker viadieatet the purity of the Gmek 
•f die N. T. writen from Hebnudsms and bar- 
tarinM igaiiiit Pfecheniiis, and illustretes 
■ny of its difficolt words and idioms. 

39. Jo. Lkusdbni Fhildcms Ebneo- 
Gtbcub generaHfl, continens Qusestioiies 
EbnM>-(meca8, mue drca N. T. fere 
moreri sdent. Ultraj., 1670, 4to, 4f . 6d. 

Various qoeatioos relative to the original lan- 
gnage of the N. T., its editions, versions, divi- 
oaoa* kc^ wet oonctaely illustrated in this vo- 
fame. Reprinted 16^ £cc (1.) Jo. Leus- 
Bon deDnlectis N. T., singulatim de cgus 
^braismis, libellus ab Jo. Fred. Fischkbo : 
teecdit Jo. Vobstu Conunentariolus de Ada- 
pa N.T. Hebraids. lipsie. 1792;8vo, df. 6d. 
Bat ofition of Leosden's cridcal dissertations. 

40. Proposals for Printiiig a New 
E^tioQ of the Greek Testament and 
Utin Vernon, by Richard Bbntlbt, 
D.D. London, 1721, 4to. 

Great expectations were formed of the edition 
praaiMd l^ Bentley. According to Emesti 
tkt plan of the editor shews that he would have 
itticfaed too great weight to those Greek mss., 
vfcidi have be«i intei^lated from the Latin 
fcnioa* and to those Latin mas. which he 
fsppoaed to contain the genuine version of 
Jernne, which certainly followed the text of 
Oryen. Bentley's proposals were examined 
*ifh neat acuteness and severity bv Dr. Con. 
Middseton, and were the occasion of a contro- 
vosy^ which was agitated with great bittemeas 
ttri fMlenoe, and in which Dr. Bentley signal- 
iied bineelf by the scurrilitv and the rancour 
of the abuse, that be poured from the vials of 
hk wrath upon his antagonists. 

41. Jo. Got. Carpzovii Commen- 
U^ Critka ad Libros N. T. lipsisB, 
1730, 4to. 7s. 6d. 

Aacateemed wvffk. (\.) Editio secnnda. Lip- 
a^n57,4to,10li.6(i. 

42. Chnst, Siffes. Gboboii Vindi- 
omun K. T. mb Hebraiamis Ldbri tres. 
Piuioof. 1732, 4to, 

. ' This antbor's works/ says Orme, ' are all 
laportant in the department of critical learn- 
er to whieb they belong. Georgius was a very 
«iloi8 delenaer of the purity of the Greek style 
of dte New Testament. (1.) G. S. GioRon 
HbnHffitieiis N. T., sive de Stylo N. T. Libri 
*«L Witt, 1733, 4to, ». (2.) C.S. Gboboii 
Coatwif efianun de i^tinismiB Libri tres. Wit- 
<«ib.. 1733,410. 

43. C. B. Mich ab lis Tractatio en- 
ties de rariis Lection. N. T. caute coUi- 
goidii et dijndicandis. Halse, 1749, 4 to. 

This treatise was the foundation on which 
J. D. MidMiclis boih his admirable chapter on 
«• various readings of the N . T. 

44. Jo. Alb. Bbnoblii Ai^)aratii8 



Criticas ad N. T., cura P. D. Bubkii. 
Tub., 1763, 4to, 16*. 

Best edition. See col. 20, no. 42. The criti- 
cismsof Bengelius are terse and valuable. The 
work contains the various reading collected to 
his time, and a compendium of critidsm. 

45. Jo. VoRSTii Commentarius de 
Hebraiamis N. T. ; access, prseter ejus- 
dem Co^t. de Stylo N. T., et Diatribe 
de Adaffiis N. T., Hor. Vitbingjb Ani- 
mad. ad Comment de Hebraisnus, cura 

J. F. FiscHBBi. lips. 1778, Svo, 9s. 
A much esteemed won. 

46. Jo. Jac. Gribsbachii Symbols ( 
Criticse ad supplendas et corri^ndas 
Variarum N. T. Lectionum Collectiones ; 
accedit multorum N. T. Codicum Gr. 
Descriptio et Ezamen. Hake, 1785-93, 
sm. 8to, 2 vols., I2s. 

Considered a necessary accompaniment to 
Griesbach's edition of the New Testament. 
(1.) J. J. GaiESBAcun Curs in Historiam 
Textus Gr. Epistolarum Paulinarum. JensB, 
1774, 4to, 3s. (2.^ J. J. Griesbachii Com- 
mentarius criticus m Textnm Gr. N. T., aooe- 
dunt Meletemata de vetustis Textus Recen- 
sionibus. Jenae, 1796-1811, 8vo, 2 parts in 
1 voL, 9$. (3.) Remarks upon the Systematic 
Classification of MSS., adopted hy Griesbach 
in his edition of the N. T., by Richard Lau- 
RENCS, LL.D., Archb. of Cashel. Oxford, 
1814. 8vo, 5f. Able and long critic^ues on the 
Abp s. pamphlet appeared in the Bntish Critic 
and the Eclectic lieview. These remarks cer- 
tainly shake the foundation of Griesbach's 
fiibric of recensions, though they do not mate- 
rially affect the text or various readings which 
that learned critic has furmshed. (4.) Criaeos 
Griesbachiane in N . T. Synopsis. See col. 23, 
no. 53, (1.). 

47. Inouiry into the Integrity of the 
Greek Vulgate, or Received Text of the 
N. T. ; in which the Greek MSS. are 
newly classed; the Integrity of the 
Authorised Text vindicated ; and the 
various Readings traced to their Origin, 
by the Rev. Frederick Nolan, LL.D. 
Lond., 1815, 8vo, 10«. 

To the biblical in<^uirer this work presents 
not only a new and wide field of most curious 
and happv research, but a mine of the most 
valuable information : to the classical inquirer 
it will be a most intoesting work, as it involves 
80 many points, both with respect to mss. and 
editions, which to him must be highly import- 
ant. (1.) Supplement . . . containing the Vindi- 
cation of the Principles employed in its Defence, 
by the Rev. F. Nolan, LL.D., Lond., 1830, 
8vo, publ. at 8f. An excellent notice of Dr. 
Nolan's Inquiry appeared in the British Critic, 
n. s, V. 1, &C., ana an outline of his classifica- 
tion of the mss. will be found in Home's Introd. 
to the Scriptures. The hypothesis of Mr. Nolan, 
that Eusebius altered the Scriptures, is refuted 
in the Quart. Rev., xxvi., 328-9. 

48. Essay on the Authenticity of the 



103 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



104 



N.T., with an Account of the ancient 
Versions, and some of the principal 
Greek MSS., by J. F. Gyles^ Esq., A.M. 
London, 1812, 8vo, As, 
A learned and satisftu^ry essay. 

49. Collection of various Readings for 
the New Testament, made from an- 
cient Greek MSS. London, ISl?^ 4to. 

In the third volume of Dr. A. Clarke's Com- 
mentary on the New Testament. 

• 

50. Inquiry into the Books of the New 
Testament, by John Cook, D.D. Edinb., 
1821, 8yo, 6#. 

This excellent work contains the substance 
of a course of lectures, on a similar plan with 
those of Dr. Marsh, addrused by Professor 
Cook to the divinity students at the University 
of St. Andrews. He treats of the elements of 
theologry, of the interpretation, the authenticity, 
the inte^ty of the text, the purpose and style, 
and the divinity of the revelation of the New 
Testament 

51. Pakeoromaica, or Historical and 
Philological Disquisitions [bv John 
Black], with a Supplement ana Rejoin- 
der. London, 1823-4, 8vo, I2s. 

The author's hypothesis is that the received 
text of the Greek Testament is a servile trans- 
lation from a Latin original long since losL 
According to Bishop Burgess the Palaeoromaica 
' is a work of very extensive reading and re- 
search, and abounds with valuable quotations. 
But the materials are as destitute of selection as 
the author*8 strictures are of simplicity and 
candour.' In Mr. Home's Introduction to the 
Scriptures will be found an account of the 
controversy which this 'paradoxical publication' 
occasioned. 

52. Tactica Sacra : an Attempt to de- 
velope, and to exhibit to Uie eye, by 
Tabular Arrangement, a general Rule of 
Composition prevailing in the Holy 
Scriptures, by Thomas Boys, A.M. 
London, 1824, 8vo, 6s, 

An ingenious attempt to extend to the episto- 
larv writings of the New Testament the prin- 
ciples of composition so ably iUustratea by 
Bishop Jebb.— Home. 

63. Doctrine of the Greek Article 
applied to the Criticism and Illustration 
of the New Testament, by T. F. Mid- 
DLBTON, Bishop of Calcutta, Lond., 
1808, 8vo, 12*. 

A book of profound learning and most roas- 
teriy criticism — the first part is occupied with 
an inquiry into the nature and use of the ar- 
ticle, and the second contains the application 
of the views previously established to tne inter- 
pretation of nuiny passages in the N. T. (1.) 
Second edition, revised by the Rev. J. Scnoi.r- 
MBLD. Camb., 1828, 8vo, 12#. (2.) New Edi- 
tion, with Pre&tory Observations and Notes 
by U. J. Rose, B.D. Lond., 1833, 8vo, Ui. 
^est Edition. 



(3.) Remarks on the Uses of the Dcfiudvt 
Article in the Greek Text of the N. T., by 
Granville Sharp, Esq. Durham, 1796, 12mo, 
2s, 6d. (4.) Second Edition. Durham, 1808, 
12mo, 3t. 6d. (5.) Six .Letters to Granville 
Sharp. Esq. [by Christopher Worhswortu, 
D.D.J. Lond,, 1802, Bvo, 5f. 

54. 1 John v. 7. — ^Memoir of the Con^ 
troversy respecting the Heavenly Wit- 
nesses, 1 John v. 7, including critica] 
Notices of the principal Writers on hoth 
sides of the Question hy Criticus fthe 
Rev. William Ouum, M^.]. London, 

1830, 12mo, 3s. 6d. 

An able and well written memoir, iuU of 
diligent research. 

(1.) Historical Account of two notable 
Corruptions of Scripture, viz. 1 John, ▼, 7, and 
1 Tim. iii, 16, by Sir Isaac Newton. Loodoo, 
1830, 8vo. 2t, 6d, Printed for the 6nt time 
entire in tne fifth volume of Sir Isaac's works. 
(2.) An Edition. Loodoo, 1754, 8vo, 2s. Aa 
imperfect copy entitled Two Letten from Sir 
Isaac Newton to M.LeClerc (3.) The Gnat 
Mystery of Godliness incontrovertible : or Sir 
Isaac Newton, and the Sodnian foiled in the 
Attempt to jprove a Corruption in the Text, 
1 Tim. iii, 16, by £. Hekoerson, DJ>. Loo- 
don, 1830, 8vo, 2f. 6tL Dr. Henderson's treik 
tise b reprinted in the second volume of the 
Andover Biblical Repository, with some ad- 
ditional observations by the Rev. Protaor 
Stuart 

(4.) Letters to Edward Gibbon, Esq., in 
defence of the Authenticity of the seventh vene 
of the first Epistle of St John, by George 
Travis, MA., Archdeacon of Chester. Loodoo* 
1794, 8vo, 9$. Third and best edition. (5.) 
Letter to Mr. Archdeacon Trevis. in Answer 
to his Defence of the Three Heavenly WitnesMS, 
1 John V, 7, by Richard PoasoN, MA. Loa> 
don, 1790, 8vo, 12s. (6.) Letters to Bir. Arohd. 
Travis in Vindication of one of his Notes to 
Michaelis' Introduction .... with an Appen> 
dix, containing a Review of Mr. Travis's Col- 
lation of the Greek MSS., which he »g^Tit"*«<* 
in Paris; an Extract firom Mr. PappelbiniBi's 
Treatise of the Berlin MS., and an Eany on the 
Origin and Object of the Velenan Readings, 
by Herbert Marsh [afterward Bishop of Pe- 
terborough]. Leipzig, 1796, 8vo, 2Sf. 

For a ust of Treatises on the Genuineness of 
the Disputed Clauses in 1 John v, 7, 8, tee the 
Rev. T. H. Home's Introduction to the Stady 
of the Scriptures, vol ii, pt ii, 170-4, & 39& 

55. De Sjrriacanun Novi Foederit 
Versionum Indole atque Usu Dissertatio: 
Philoxenianam cum Siroplice, e duobus 
pervetustis Codd. mss. ab Ainida tram- 
missis, conferente Gloc. Ridlby. Lcmd., 
1761, 4 to, 4*. 

This learned dissertation in which the erron 
of WetBtein are corrected and his defideodes 
supplied, is reprinted in Lotze's edition of Wet- 
stein's Greek Testament, as also in Senders 
Edition of Wetstein's Libelli publ. in 1766. 

66. English Version of the Bible. — 
An £ssay toward the Amendment of the 



lOS 



BIBLICAL CRITICISM, 



loa 



hst Enriish TVanslation of the Bible, by 
Robert Gill, D.D. Lond., 1659, foL, 1 2«. 
Dr. Cell WM an Armiokn, and is spoken of 
b]r Baxter as ' one of the sect-makers' of the 
tiae. He seems, says Onne, ' to have had no 
bifh opimon of the translators of our receiTed 
Tcrnon, bat a very high reqiect for the worship- 
U and leaned society of astrologers.' 

57. Dangerofoa EiTon in several late 
nnited Bibles, discovered by William 
KiLBUSN. Finsbury, 1659, 8vo, 10«. 6cf. 

58. Errata of the Protestant Bible; 

or, the Troth of the English Translation 

emDined, by Tlumias Ward. Dublin, 

1807, 4to, 6#. 

This eiiitioo was eztenstvely circulated under 
tke p sti o aaga of the Romish Clergy in Ireland. 
The work was first published anonymously in 
MBB, snd was repiiiited in 1737. Ward's 
£tiiis was answered, in all its piincipal parts, 
kcfcre k was ever composed : since it is profes- 
«dly eitracted from ur, or Mr. Gregory Mar- 
tial Diicovery of the manifold Corruptions of 
tke Holy Sc rip t ur e s , &c., printed at Rneims in 



Ue2; which waa answered, paragraph by parm- 
gnpb. by Dr. W. Fulke and others. (1.) An 
Avlyik of Waid'a Errata of the Protestant 
Bad^ by Richard Rtan,D.D. Dublin, 1808, 
Am, 4c An able work. (2.) An Answer to 
Ward's Eirata of the Protestant Bible, by 
Riekaid Gbuji, D J>. Dubhn, 1812, 4to, 6f. 
A Tery satisfactory reply. 

59. ErroneousTVanslationsintheVul- 
nrVenions of the Scriptures considered^ 
by John Lookup. Lond., 1739» 8vo, 5^. 

Gedda observes of this Hutchinsonian writer, 
' He teems to hare studied with attention the 
gens of the original, and in some places has 
•cU expressed its meaning.' 

60. Letter showing why oar Enff- 
U Bibles differ so much from the 
Sqtottint, though both are translated 
frooi^ Hebrew [by Thomas Bbbtt, 
LU).]. Lond., 1743, 8vo, 2$, 6d, 

KAop WatBOO republished this work in his 
ttOeetioQ of Theological Tracts, and says, in 
iWiairodQction to it, ' It is an excellent disser- 
^iiaa,aad caanot fiail of being very uieAil to 
■•ek at have not leisore or opportnnity to con- 
oltDf.Hody'abook, De Bibliorum Teztibus.' 
(L) Aa Edition. Lond., 1760, 8vo. 

61. Corrections of various Passages in 
tht Engliah Version of the Old Testa- 
iMBt,iipon the autiiority of ancient MSS. 
ttd ancient Versions, by W. H. Ro- 
■MTs, D.D. London, 1794, 8vo, 5*. 

lUt work was well received bv biblical 
"^olns. The leading object of the author 
"eat to have been that of leHening the number 
^^supplements which occur in our version. 

61 Reasons why a new Translation of 
^ Bible should not be published, with- 
^ t prerious statement and examina- 
^ 01 aD die material Passages which 
^ be supposed to be misinterpreted 



[by Thomas Burg sag, D.D., Bishop of 
Salisbury]. Durham, 1816, 8vo, 2s, 6d, 

63. Reasons in fiavotir of a New Trans- 
lation of the Holy Scriptures, by Sir 
James Bland Burgsb, Bart Lond., 

1819, 8vo, 5s. 

Designed as a defence of Bellamy's transla- 
tion. See, po$t. Commentaries. 

64. Remarks on the Critical Principles 
adopted by Writers who have at various 
periods recommended a New Translation 
of the Bible, by Richard Laurbncb, 
LL.D., Abp. of CasheL Oxford, 1 820, 
8vo, Ss, 

A valuable work. (1.) Reply to Professor 
Samuel Lee's Strictures, by Ric Laurkncb, 
LL.D, Oxford, 1821, 8vo, 3«. 6d, 

65. LettertoHerbert [Marsh] Bishop 
of Peterborough on the Independence of 
the Authorizea Version of the Bible, by 
Henry Walter, B.D. London, 1823, 

8vo, 2s. 

Mr. Home acknowledges his obligations to 
this work, (l.) Second Letter to the Bishop of 
Peterborougn on the Independence of the Au- 
thorized Version of the Bible, by Henry Wal- 
ter, B.D., &c, intended as a Reply to the 
additional Arguments in the Appendix to his 
Lordship's lately published Lectures. Lond., 
1828, 8vo, pp. 54. In this second letter, Wal- 
ter has placed beyond all reasonable question, 
by the results of a comparison of Tyndale's text 
with Luther's, that they were independent trans- 
lations; although it is reasonable to suppose 
that, on any difficult or controverted nassage, 
Tyndale would consult the German reformers. 

66. Short Explanation of Obsolete 
Words in our Version of the Bible, bv 
H. Cotton, D.C.L., Archd. of Cai^el. 
18mo, Is. 

67. The Existinff Monopoly an inade- 
quate protection of the Authorized Ver- 
sion of the Scriptures, by Thomas Cur- 
tis. London, 1833, 8vo, 2s. 

An aocount of the controversy which this 
tract occasioned will be found in the Rev. T. 
H. Home's Introductibn to the Scriptures, vol. 
u. pt. u, peg. 178. An article ' the Bible— 
Pnntin^ Monopoly' will be found in the Eclec- 
tic Review for June, Aug. & Oct, 1833. 

68. Authentic Account of our Author- 
ized Translation of the Holy Bible and 
of the Translators : with Testimonies to 
the Excellence of the Translation, col- 
lected bv the Rev. Henry John Todd, 
M.A., Archd. of Cleveland. Malton, 
1834, 12mo, 3s. 

A valuable little work. 

69- Observations on the Expediency 
of revising the present English Version 
of the four Gospels and of the Acts of 
the Apostles, ana dso of the Epistles in 



107 



REUGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



108 



the New Testament, by John STifONi>«y 
LL.D. Cambridge, 1789, 94, 4to, I2s. 
' Of the obeenratioiis it mustbeBud that many 
are just and useful ; but many alio are nimute 
and over-refined.'— British Critic 

70. Hints for an improved Transla- 
tion of the New Testament, by James 
ScHOLBPiSLD,MA.. Cambridge, 1832> 
8to, 3«. 

71. Foreign Versions. — ^Projet d'nne 
nouvelle Version Fran^oise de la Bible, 
par Charles Ls Cans. A la Haye, 1705, 
12mo, As, 

A Taluable work. H.) Essay ibr a New 
Translation of the Bible [transl. from the French 
of Charles Lb Cenk, by Hugh Ross.] Lond., 
1717, 8vo, At. (2.) Another Edition. Lond., 
1727, 8vo, At, This essi^, says Orme, contains 
a good d«d of valuable infiirmation, points out 
many erroneous renderings, and su^fgests better 
meanings, and the means of correctmg the mo- 
dem translations generally. 

72. Facts respecting Certtdn Versions 
of Holy Scripture published by Uie B. 
and F. Bible Socie^, in Reply to an 
Article in the 71st P^o. of the Quart. 
Rev., by Thomas Pell Platt, M.A. 
8vo, pp. 16. 

These pages were stitched up with the 72Dd 
No. of the Quarterly Review. 

*«* See coL 1 —7, and also pott. Commen- 
taries. 



The Treatises on the Original Lan- 
ffQa|[e8 of Scripture, and Grammars and 
Lexicons thereof, wiU be found in the 
class of Miscellaneous Literature. 

8. ON THS INTKRPRSTATION OF 
BCRIPTURB. 

1. Jo. Geo. ROSKNMULLBRI Histo- 

ria Interpretationis Librorum Sacrorum 
in Eccleeia Christiana, ab Apostolorum 
iEtate ad Literarum Instaurationem. 
Hildb. et Lipsite, 1795-1814, sm. 8vo, 
5 pts., Z\8. 6d, 

An daborate woriL, containing much inte- 
resting information. 

2. MatthisB Flacii Illvrici Clavis 
Scriptures Sacrse, seu de Sermone Sa> 
crarum Literarum. Jenae, 1674, fol., 
20s. 

Best edition of this early Protestant treatise 
on the Interpretation of Scripture. 

3. Wolfg. Fbanzii Tractatus The- 
olo^eus perspicuus de Interpretatione 
Scnpturarum maxime Legitima. Vitemb., 
1708, 4to, Ss. 

Best edition of a work of immense labour and 
learning, containing, savs Orme, ' much im- 
portant instruction on the importance of the 
knowledge of the Oriental languafjr^ of the 
Scriptures; on the manner of reading them; 



•ndeotheprinoipksofiiilarpfedagtheak' It 
first ^peered in 1619, 4to, and was frsqnally 
reprinted. 

4. Pet. Dan. Hubtii de Intcrpiela- 
tione Libri duo. Pbris., 1661, 4to, 6t. 

An elegant and valuable work, which, «7i 
Orme, ou^t to be studied by every tnodslBr 
of the Scriptures. In the first book, de optuno 
genere interpretandi, are discuwod the lawsof 
translation in general, and the particulsr ntki 
to be obsenred in translating writings of d^ 
ferent classes : in the second, de dans intone^ 
tibus, the •dTant^es and dtedtantages wnch 
have accrued to literature from the praodoe of 
translating, are considered ; a concise scaraDt 
of eminent translators is given ; then feOov 
notices of the Arabic. Hebrew, Syrisc, snd 
Greek translations, ana various odwrimpoitiBt 
matters. 

6. Dan. Whitby Dissertatio de SS. J 
Scriptuiarum Interpretatione secundom 
Pktrom Commentarios. Lond., 17H, 
8vo, 3s. 

' A remarkable exhibition of die inooo^ 
tency of the Fathers to furnish an infiillible is* 
terpretation of Scripture.' — BickerstetL 

6. Salomonis Glassii Hermeneulica 

Sacra, a Qto. Laur. Baubro. lipsici 

1797, 8vo, 8*. 

This work, which forms the third portioa of 
Glass' Philologia Sacra, is sometimes to be 
met with as a distinct work, with a sepsnte 
title-page, and ' such in efiTect it is,' accoidiiif 
to Mr. Home, ' the alterations and additkni 
beinpr so numerous as to render it a new pub- 
lication. It is unquestionably of great vslae, 
and has furnished the writer of these psfcs 
(Mr. Home) with many important ofasem- 
tions and explanations of Scripture.' 

7. Aug. Ppbifpkbi Thetaorus H«- 
meneuticus, sive de l^[itima Sci^itiirc 
Sacne Interpr. Tractatio luculenta, com 
Notis et Prnfatione Sam. Ben. Cau*- 
Eovii. Lips., 1726, Svo, 4«. 6d. 

8. Jo. Jac. Rambachii Institutiooct 
Hermeneutices Sacrte, variis obsenr. co- 
piosissimisque exemplis biblids lUiu- 
tratap, cum pnefatione Jo. Franc. Bcd- 
DBi. Jens, 1723, 8to, As. 6d. 

An esteemed work, freouently renrinted. 
Jahn observes, * it is praisea for its fulnesi of 
matter, but does not appear adapted to pn^ 
tice.'(l.)Jo. JacRAMBACH, II E^EerdtBliooo 
Hermeneuticse. Breme, 1741,8vo. Intended 
as a companion to the Institutes. (2.) Jo. 
Jac RAMDACHti Commentatio Hermeneatka 
de Sensus Mystice Criteriis, ex genuinis prin- 
cipiis deducta, neoessaiiisque cautelis ctrouin- 
scripta. Jens, 1728, 8vo, 3i. Reprinted ia 
1731 and in 1764. 

9. Jo. Alpb. TtJBBETiNi de S. Scrip- 
tur» Interpretandae Metbodo TVactatni 
bipartitus. Traj. Thur., 1728, 12mo, 3f. 

An improved et&ion appeared in the aatlMr^ 
collective works. ( 1 .) J. A. Tvamsrati Tiac- 



109 



INTERPRETATION OF SCRIPTURE. 



110 



lite bipntilai rertittttoi eC anctat • O. A. Til- 
ua. maeof. ad Vtadnun, 1776, 8vo, 4s. 
Sqbc of Teller's renaarks are raluable, bat 
idMB coBfty doctrinal interpretatioDt which 
IWretia hdd in abhorrence. 

10. J. S. Skmlsr Pnepantio Her- 
Bcucutica. 
A work wdl worthy to be coomihed by the 






11. D. Joach. Ehr. Pfkifferi In- 
ibtotioiiei Henneneaticse Sacre yete- 
im €l iBCCfntiomm, el pitMnria qtuedam 
hweeptk jCompkxm. ErlangK, 1771» 

Tidi Tolvme of biblical interpretatioii^ Myi 
One, 'beka^ to the nxxlem school of coq- 
tiasntal cnticiBm, as some of the sentimenti 
vkick it cxpfcnes are very firee and unguarded.' 

12. Jo. Aaff. Ernrsti Institutio In- 
terpretif Non Testamenti, edente C. F. 
AjfMosf. Lipa., 1809* 12ino» 6s. 

fiat edition oi one of the very best worics we 
hne on the principles of bibucal interpreta- 
tii^ Tbe first edition appeared in 1761. 'If 
tkensder/ «ys Dr. Bfasee, 'shouM be de- 
ansi sfsesng the strle of the New Testament 
wtf tad mioduuxilj bandied, I refer him to 
IniBii.* Amnion's additions are by SeOer 
IMvaoaaeed Tabable. Dr. Wright in his rer- 
•M of the BibLHermen. observes, 'I do not 
^iay thst die additions of Ammon are now and 
te vihahle ; but they are of much less utility 
■ yo motiag the use of Emesti's work than 
avt hive been expected from a new editor. 
ttif of the notes, moreorer, are of little im- 
PMsoe ; some ifiele y a nt ; others absurd, with 
fvpsblserrork' (1.) Elonents of Interpreta- 
Hm, tnmL from the Latin of J. A. Ernisti, 
•ttoapsned widi Notes, by Moses Stuart. 
Aadover. [BfaMaehussettsl 1822, 12mo, 4s. A 
^ yht ionof a portion of the Institotio, with 
inrnisuii, additional notes, and copious ex- 
^■ck. {%} An Edition. London, 1827, 12mo, 
^ TVi London reprint wasedited by the Her. 
£^ Hodenon, wlio has added some valu- 
*wtobKrvatiooe. the resuhof his own reading. 
^) £asian'f Listitntio, transL by the Rev. 
C^TiaBcrT.A.M. Edinb^l832^,sm.8vo,2 
*JS Hk. Tms accurate Knglish translation 
"ttt whole of Emesti's lartitutio, with valu- 
fkcmreetive notes, Ibrms part of the Edin- 
Srk Biblical Cabinet See col. 94, no. 13. 

, 11. S. F. N. Mori tuper Henneneti^ 
tttjf .Tettamenti Acroaaea Academicae, 
*Ml C. H. A. EicHSTADT. lipeiaB, 
*WW, 8to, 2 Tola., 14*. 

Thmvofauaes rehrte only to part of Emesti's 
and contain much valuable matter 
1^^ — B the criticism and interpretation of 
M^wTeslament. Eichstadfs observation 



14. G. L. Bavrri Hennenentica Sa- 
*n{J.T. Lipa., 1797, 8V0. 
JJJJ^'wk, on aeoount of its daring and U- 
■■■aj wiyi i i iBBi, is, says Bp. Jebb, ' wholly 
■■tiythecoBunencmy stadent, and should 
■•"■•weaalioii even by the proficient It 



is to be regretted, that the writings of this 
forei^rner have been recommended to the aca- 
demical youth of our country, without a single 
note of reprehension from one of our most £»- 
tinguisbed professorial chairs.' (1.) G. L. 
Bauer's Entwurf einer Hermeneutik des A. 
& N. Testaments. Leipz., 1799. 

15. Henneneutik des A. T., von G. 
W. Mrtrr. Lubeck, 1799-1800, 8vo, 
2 vols., 12*. 

Scaler observes that Meyer is a genuine pupil 
of Eichhom. His Hermeneutik is very copious, 
and at the same time, eminently solid. 

16. Bibliacke Henneneutik, oder 
Gmnaiitze and Reffeln xnr Erkliining 
der heilige Schrift dea Alien nnd Nenen 
Testaments, von G. F. Srilrr. ErL, 
1800, 8 vo, I2s. 

This work is highly prized by biblical scho- 
lars, and is much used in the universities of 
Germany and Holland. (1.) Biblical Her- 
meneutics, or the Art of Sinipture Interpreta- 
tion firom the German of George Frederic 
Ssilxr, D J)., with Notes, Stricbires and Sup- 
plements from the Dutch of J. Herinoa, DJj,, 
transL from the orifivuds, with additional Notea 
and Observations, by the Ilev..Wm. Wright, 
DJ). London, 1835, 8vo, pubL at 14f. It is 
much to be regretted, says Dr. Pye Smith, 
that the works of that distuupiished man. Dr. 
Seiler, are so little, or scarcely at all, known in 
this country. 

17* Monogrammata Henneneuticea 
Libronun Novi Foederis, scripait Chr. 
Dan. Brckius. Pars prima, Herme- 
nentice N. T. univeraa. lipa., 1803, 
8vo., 4«. 

A very useful manual of the science of. inter- 
nretation. An English transL appeared in the 
nrst vol. of Dr. Hwlge's Biblical Repertory. 

18. C. A. T. Krilii Elementa Her- 
meneutices N. T., Latine reddita a C. A. 
G. Emmrrlino. laps., 1811, 8vo, 
3s. 6d. 

A very useful manual of the science of inter- 
pretation, sajFs Moses Stuart Orme observes, 
' I do not think Keil's work of great value ; 
thoi»h, as being strictly elements, it is both 
brief and perspfcuous.' 

19. Enchiridion Hermeneuticse Gene- 
ralis Tabularum V. et N. Foederis, cum 
Appendice, duobus fasciculis, authore 
Jo. Jahn. Viemue, 1812, 3, 5, 8vo, 14i. 

A valuable trea^se. The works of Professor 
Jahn are held in high estimation. The Enchi- 
ridion, says Orme, ' discovers an extensive and 
enli^fhtened acquaintance with the principles of 
bibhcal criticism and interpretation, and the 
appendix contains some important expositions 
of the prophecies relating to the Meansh ' A 
catalogue, Dy Jahn. of the most celebrated her* 
moMutical works, tt prefixed to Terrot's trans- 
lation of Emesti's Institutio Interpretis. 

90. Hermenenttea Biblka GeneraUs 



in 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



112 



tisibus academicis accommodata al Ant. 
Ariolbr. Viennie. 1813, 8to» 7«. 

A learned epitome of the general principles 
of interpretation. 

.21. Inquiry into the Greneral Princi- 
ples of Scripture Inteipretation, in eight 
Sermons preached betore the Univ. of 
Oxford in 1814, by William Van Mil- 
DBRT, Bp. of Durham. Oxford, 1815, 
8vo, 10«. 6d. 

An excellent work. See, po$t, Sermons. 

22. Institutiones Hermeneuticae Scrip- 
turse Sacne V. Testamenti, quas Jo. Nep. 
Alber tertium edidit. Festini, 1827, 
Svo, 3 Tols., 27i. 

Best edition. The first vol. contains a sum- 
mary of biblical archsology ; the second, an 
introd. to the several books of the O. T. ; and 
the third, the principles of interpretation, and 
an exegetical elucidation of various difficult 
passages. (1.) Institutiones HermeneuticaB 
ScriptuTB Sacrs N. Testamenti, quas Jo. Nep. 
Albbr edidit Pestini, 1818, 8vo, 3 vols.j 27t. 
Throufffaout these woHls Professor Alber evmces 
himself to be an able and vehement adversary 
of the modem school of German neologists. 
The first vol. contains ffeneral rules of interpre- 
tation, a general introd. to the writings of the 
N, T.^ and an apology for them; the second 
and third comprise a special introduction to the 
various books, and an exegetical exposition of 
the most difficult and important passages. 

20. Sinopsi della Ermeneutica Sacra, 

dell' Arte di ben Interpretare la Sacra 
Scrittura, del Prof. G. Bern. Db Rossi. 
Parma, 1819* 8yo. 

21. Institutio Interpretis V. Testa- 
menti, auctore Jo. Henr. Pa re a u. 
Traj. ad Rhen., 1822, 8vo, I2s, 

£est edition of this very valuable compen- 
dium of the principles of Sacred Hermeneutics. 
Pareau*s works are, like those of the Dutch 
divines in general, quite free from that laxity 
of interpretation by which the German divines 
have been so much distinguished. (I.) Dispu- 
tatio de Mythica S. Codicil Interoretatione, 
auctore Jo. Henr. Pareav. Editio altera, addi- 
tamento et indicibus aucta. Tnq. ad Rhen., 
1824, 8vo, Is. This treatise, says Home^ con- 
tains a masterly investigation and refutation of 
the notion advocated by the modem school of 
German neologists. 

22. Hermeneutica Biblica Generalis 
juxta Formam Studii Theoloff. in Im- 
perio Austriaco prsescriptam, edita a Gas- 
paro Untrrkirchbr. (Eniponti, 1831, 

Svo. 

Angler's Hermen. Bibl. adapted to the mo- 
dem standard of Romish orthodoxy in the Aus- 
trian dominions. 

23. C. R. Plank Einleitung in die 
Theologischen Wissenschaften. 

Seiler in his Hermeneutics observes, that 
Dr. Plank has laid down such just principles 

01 Hermeneutics, and so applicable to these 
times, that they may with safety be recom- 



mended to future interpieten. H.) Introdao- 
tion to Sacred Philology and Interpretation, 
by G. J. Plank, transl. by H. Tubkbr, DJ>. 
New York, 1834. A portion of Dr. Plank's 
General Introduction to Theologioal literatsre 
ably translated and rendered highly valuable 
by the notes and slight adantioos of ProCTumer. 
It is also printed in the Biblical Cabinet 

9. COMMKNTARIES, INTSRPRBTA* 
TI0N8, PARAPHRA8B8, &C., OP 
THB 8CRIPTURS8. 

1. Jewish G>mmentarie8 on the Scrip- 
tures. See (poit) Jewish History, Anti- 
quities, &c., as connected with the Scrip- 
tures. 

The Rev. £. Bickersteth obeerves, that 
' Lightfoot, Pocock and Dr. Gill have given us 
the results of their studies amon^ Jewish writers, 
and the students for whom this list (vix. that 
attached to the Christian Student) would be 
useful, need not be directed fiurther than to 
them and the London Polyglot. 

2. Critici Sacri, sive Annotata doctias. 
Virorum in V. ac N. Testamentmn : oni- 
bus accedunt Tractatus varii thecdogico- 
philologici. Londini, 1660, fol., 9 vcda, 
£6 6i. 

Desigiied as a companion to Walton'a PoIt- 
gbt Dr. Adam Clarke pronounces the Critia 
Sacri, £cc to be 'the most important collection 
of Biblica] Critics ever made. In point of nze 
the work of Poole has many advantages, but oo 
man, who is acquainted with both works, will 
ever prefer the Synopsis to the ori^nal.* 
Orme observes, * The sentiments and opiniooA 
recorded in the Critici Sacri are of a very d»- 
cordant nature on many points ; and the dxs- 
cusaions are mostly criticiu or philological, or 
on points of comparatively small impovtanoe.' 
It is, says the Rev. £. BiuLersteth, ' a miztuie 
without discrimination.' (1.) Critici Sacri. 
Fran., 1695. fol., 7 vols., £6 6f . (2.) Critici Sacri. 
Amst 1698. foL,9 vol8.,X7 Is, 'This mat wori^, 
first published under the direction of four Eog>- 
lish Divines, Bishop Pearson, John Peanon. 
Anthony Scattergood, and Francis Gouldman, 
is considerably augmented in the second edi> 
tion; which, besides several additional con- 
mentators on the Contment, gives a multitDde 
of select dissertations on the most difficult and 
imix>rtant subjects of the New Testament, by 
various authors." — Dr. Hales. A pardcnlar 
description of the work will be found in the 
preface to Dr. A. ClariLe*s Commeatary. 
(3.) Thesaurus Theologico-philolofnciia, stvA 
Sylloge Dissert ad select et illustr. V. ct N. T. 
Loca. Amst, 1701-2, (bl.,2vols., 36f. (4.) The- 
saurus NovusTheologioo-philoklgicus, nre Syl- 
loge Dissertt ezeget ad select atque insigvL. 
Novi Instrumenti Loca. Lug. Bat, 1732« tot, 
2vols., d6». 'This collection of dtssortatiou 
(m 4 vols.) forms a valuable appendix to tba 
Critici Sacri.'- Dr. Burton. Orme ohnerifi, 
that the Supplements 'are not of very fTeaf 
importance. 

3. Mat. PoLi Synopsis Criticomnt 
aliorumque SS. Interpretom. Lond. 
1669-74, fol., 5 vols., £6. 6s. 



113 



BIBUCAL COMMENTARIES. 



114 



The object of the eminent Nonooniormiit 
PeoJe wes to coodcme, cooibiAe, and exhibit 
Mooeriew, the interpretatioiis of Scripture dis- 
pened throogfa the Critici Seen. He has 
onitted much that is uselcM in that work, 
•bridl^ many pfoliz dJacaaaoot, and added 
■any othen to thoae contained in the Sacred 
OMar* It is much more convenient than 
1^ Critici Sacri, and contaios the views of not 
km than 150 writers on the Scriptures. Orme 
in b nodce of the woHl observes, * I can also 
mj, from a long acquaintance with it, that a 
nst deal of wbat is important in the works of 
Btodem critics will be found in the Synopsis. 
In his prdace Poole gives an account of the 
Kveial writers whose works he introduces, with 
ckmcten of them, which deserve to be con- 
fvhtd with attention.' The Synousis is highly 
coBmeoded by Bp. Watson and the learnt in 
icaersL It was undertaken by advice of Bp. 
Lbyd, and patronised by Abp. Tillotson ; and 
t royal patent was obtained for the printing, 
for tkose who have any knowledge of Latin, 
it i» an iavaluable treasure. * Besides,' says the 
Rev. E. bickenteth, 'the great advantage of 
(fifcsdng the Critici Sacri into one view, it 
eHtsins later additiona, and the unevangelical 
cribOBBS of his ( Poole*s) originals are noticed 
•ad rcfoted by sound and evangelical criticism. 
(1.) Mat Pou Synopsis. Fran., 1679, fol., 5 
Tob^S/ 5i. (2.)Mat.Poii Synopsis. Uhraj., 
IflM, fol, 5 vols., £8. 8i. llus, published by 
Pw dMo i Leufiden, is by fiu* the be»t edition. 
(3.) Mat Pou Synopsis. Francof., 1694, 4to., 
dvoli.631. A reprint of the Utretcht edition 
vidioit Lensden's preface. (4.) Mat. Poi.i 
^jnofk. Frank., 1712, fol., 5 vols., 60s. A 
vcfy moorrect edition, vrith a prtfoce by Pri- 



4. OsiGBNis in Scripturas Sacras 
CoBmcntaria, Gr. et Lai., notis et obter- 
vitioiiibai ilhutr. P. D. Huktius. 
Rodiom., 1668, Tel Paris., 1679> fol., 

Bett edition of this Father's Commentaries. 
UofltieditioQ employed a considerable number 
^ ycsn, and is illustrated with copious notes, 
^ a very full and elaborate dissertation on the 
n% ekaracter and opinions of Origen. (1.) 
£Ao ahera. Colon., 1685, fol. 

5. Jo. Cheybostomi Sermones tres 
io Genesim, quatnor Homili^e in Psalmos, 
et Eipofiitb perpetna in Novum Testa- 
ncntmn. 

. la tke various editions of this Father's collec- 
^ vnks. Dean Stanhope observes, read the 
^Jjcjnparable Sunt Chrxeostom, both for his 
^ w t ions and moral maprovements of the 
■^"Ptares, 

^' S. HiBRONYMi Commentaria in 
^^rsin Scriptnram. 

. Is Uie different editions of his works. St. 
ffpye'* commentaries are very elaborate, and 
■Jfvy prized. He is, says Emesti. by far the 
*•• of the Latin interpreters, being tne only one 
*W aeqnaiiited with the Hebrew and Greek 



, . Luther thought that Jerome inter 
Wtod better in bis other works than in his 
In criticism he may be classed 



with Origen, in interpretation with Chrysos- 
tom. 

7. Aur. AuousTiNi Commentarii in 
V. et N. Testamentnm, studio Jo. Gastii. 
Venet., 1543, 4to., 2 vols. 

St. Augustine's Commentaries are now but 
little esteemed. His Treatises on the Scrip- 
tures form the third, and his Commentaries on 
the Psalms the fourth, volume of the Benedic- 
tine edition of his woi^. 

8. TuouM Aquinatis, Doct. An- 
gelici, Commentaria in quosdam Libros 
V.etN. Testament!. 

This scholastic doctor's comment is to be 
found in his collected works, and there are 
numerous editions of detached portions in 
various sizes, which may be purchased for a few 
shillings. 

8a. HuooNis de S. Charo Opera 
omnia in nniv. V. et N. Testamentum, 
cum Effigie. Ludg., l645-69> fol., 8 
vols., 5/. 

Best edition. Hugo de S. Caro published a 
valuable concordance. See col. 83, no. 13. 

9. Nic. de Lyra Commentaria in 
Universa Biblia, cum Additionibus ad 
Lyrse Postillas in S. Scripturam, et Cor- 
rectorio Matthiae Thuringi. Basil., 
1506-8, fol., 7 vols., 845. 

The Postille or commentary of Nicholas 
De Lyra will be found in upwards of sixteen 
editions of the Latin Bible, which were printed 
before the end of the I5tn century. 

10. Venerab. BEDiS Expositio in Li- 
bros bistor. v. Testamenti, in librum 
Tobiae, Jobum, Parabolas Salomonis, 
Cantica Canticorum, et N. Testamentum, 
item Retractiones et Quaestiones in Acta 
Apostolorum. 

In the collected works of this celebrated and 
illustrious ornament of the eighth century. 
(1.) Yen. Beoje Commentatlones in Sacras 
Literas. Paris., 1545, fol., 2 vols. 

11. Alguini Commentarii in varia 

loca S. Scriptune. 

AIcuin*s biblical labours are to be found in 
his collected works. 

12. Huld. ZuiNGLii Annotationes in 
Genesin et Exodum ; Enchiridion Psal- 
morum, Complanationes Isaise et Jeremiae 
Propbetae ; Annotationes in Evangelia et 
Epistolas Pauli, &c. 

In lus collective works. 

13. Mart. LuTUERi Commentarii in 
Sacram Scriptiuram. 

In his works. Erasmus observed of these 
Commentaries that there was more solid divi- 
nity contained in one page than could be found 
in many prolix treatises of schoolmen and suoh 
kind of authors. 

14. Ph. Mklancthonw Commen- 
tarii in Sacram Scripturam. 

In his collective works. 

I 



115 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



116 



15. Conr. Pbllicani Commentarius 
in libros V. ac N. Testamenti. Tiguri, 
1532^0, fol., 7 vols., £6. 6s, 

Pellican wrote on all the books of Scripture, 
except the prophecies of Jonah, Zechariah, and 
the Apocalypse. Walch speaks of him as the 
first among the Protestants who undertook an 
exposition of all the sacred hooks, and who 
wrote usefully on them. He often corrects the 
Latin Vulgate, and throws light on many ob- 
scure passages. Until the publication of the 
commentaries of Calvin, Pellican*s expositions 
of Scripture were held in the highest repute by 
the reformers. 

16. Joannis Calvini Commentaria, 
Homiliae, et Conciones in S. Scripturam. 

The religious public are by no means suffi- 
ciently acquainted with the merit of Calvin as 
an interpreter. His works contain nearly a 
complete commentary on the whole Bible, and 
that of inestimable value to every minister: 
seven of the nine volumes in folio are commen- 
taries. They are ' particularly full and practi- 
cal,' says the Rev. E. Bickersteth ; and the 
learned Nonconformist Poole observes, that 
subsequent writers have borrowed most of their 
matenals from Calvin, and his interpretations 
adorn the books of many who repay the obliga- 
tion by reproaching their master. 

17. Cornelii a Lapidb Commentarii 
in S. Scripturam. Antv., 1681, folio, 
10 vols., £5. 55. 

This, the work of a learned French Jesuit, is 
by some critics regarded as a chef-d'oeuvre 
of erudition. It contains, says Orme, ' a great 
mass of learning, mixed up with legends, 
fables, and many things that are weak and 
foolish.' (1.) Editio altera. Antv. et Lugd., 
1617^, fol., 11 vols. 80f. 

18. Annotations [or Scholia] on the 
Bible, transl. from the Italian of John 
DioDATi. London, 1651, fol., IBs, 

Best edition, with a portrait by Hollar. 
Many of these annotations, rather practical than 
critical, but generally sound and judicious, and 
containing many useful hints, are introduced 
mto the Assembly's Annotations, 1657. (1.) An 
Edition, with a Portrait Lond.. 1643 or 8, 
4to 9«. (2.) Another. Lond.. 1664, fol., 15«. 

* Often has spiritual and evangelical remarks of 
UiUch value —Bickersteth. 

19. Joan. PiscATORis Commentarii 

in V. et N. Testamentum. Herbornse, 

1638-46, fol., 5 vols., 50*. 

'Many good hints in these commentaries.'— 
Bickersteth. 

20. D. Dav. Parbi Opera Theologica 
Exegetica. Genev., 1647, fol., 3 vols., 
40«. 

Pareus* works, says the Rev. E. Bickersteth, 

* have too much of what is valuable to be omit- 
ted in this list,' vit. that appended to his Chris- 
tian Student 

21. Dutch Annotations upon the 
Bible, or all the Holy Canonical Scrip- 



tures of the Old and New Testament, 
together with, and according to, their 
own Translation of all the Text ; as both 
the one and the other were ordered and 
appointed by the Sjrnod of Dort, 1618, 
and published by authority, 163/. In 
English by Theodore H aak, Esq. Lend. 

1657, foL, 2 vols., 36*. 

This work, dedicated to Cromwell, ooDtaios 
also an account of the Dutch version ma^ by 
order of the Synod of Dort. It was recom- 
mended, along with Diodati, by Pariiameot, to 
the authors of the Assembly's Annotations; 
and is very similar in its plan and characto* to 
that work. An account of Haak's woik will be 
found in Dr. Bliss' Wood's Athene. Ozoil, 
iv., 279. 

22. Hug. Grotii AnnotationeB [sire 
SchoUa] in V. et N. T. PlBuis., 1631, 
44, 50, fol., 4 vols., 421. 

The celebrated Hugh de Groot was the 
leader and guide of commentators in every 
branch of sacred criticism, and principally thit 
of the New Testament. He shone above til 
the interpreters of his day, in knowledge of the 
ancient languages, good taste in the art of in- 
terpretation, an uncommon genius, and a noble 
gift of elucidating the obscure, and penetra- 
ting into the sense of the Holy Scripturs. 
Grotius, says Dr. Doddridge, ' has done more 
to illustrate the Scriptures, by what is generally 
called profane learning, than perhaps almost 
all the other commentators put together ; never- 
theless^ he too often gives up prophecies, wluch, 
in their original sense, relate to the Mefliiah. 
His notes on some texts are large and karoed 
dissertations, which might profitably have been 
published by themselves.' Dr. Owen observes, 
that Grotius' annotations on the whole Bible 
througrhout, wherein his expositions are given, 
do, for the most part, fall in with those of the 
Socinians, and oftentimes consist in the very 
words of Socinus and Smalcius. According to 
Orme, Grotius ' is a ri^d adherent to the literd 
sense throughout, objects to the double design 
of prophecy, is rather hostile to the application 
of O. T. revelation to the Mesnah, and attaches 
too little importance (to speak moderately) to 
the peculiar doctrines of Cmistianity.' ( 1.) ling. 
Grotu Annotationes in V. et N. T. in compen- 
dium redacts, cum Pnefatione, a Sam. Moodt. 
Lond., 1727, 4to, 2 vob.. 10$. 6d. Grodas' 
merit as a commentator is ably discussed by 
Conybeare in his Bampton Lectures. His 
commentaries are to be found in Grotii Opera 
Theolo^ca, in the Critici Sacri, and in Calo- 
vius' Biblia Illustrata. 

23. Abr. Calovii Biblia Illustrata. 
Francof., 1672-6, foL, 5 vols, in 4, 73*. 6d- 

This, the original edition, is generally consi- 
dered the best llie work is highly commended 
by Wnlch in his Bibl. Theologica, and Father 
Simon commends his exquisite jud^ent and 
singular erudition. Calovius' senUments are 
evangelical. His learned and elaborate work, 
says Orme, * besides the immense information 
which it contains on every biblical topic, fur- 
nishes a full antidote to theSocinian glosses and 
perversions of Grothis. It attacks also the 



117 



BIBLICAJ. COMMENTARIES. 



118 



Cttbolic commentatort. (1.) Editio altera. 
Diode, 1719, foL, 4 toIs., 63i. 

34. Jo. CoccEii Conunentarii in Sa- 
CTU Scripturas. 

Coccetm, in his interpretation, attaches a 
s{nntiial sense, says the Rev. £. Bickersteth, 
to every part of Scripture. Dr. Apthorpe, in 
h» Disc on Prophecy observes, that he * is a 
ooDuneatator from wlu>m a judicious expositor 
may derive much assistance. Often fanciful, 
ud even finnatical, he is learned, pious, and for 
man disceming^ in the true scope of prophecy 
tbui many who succeeded him. His Commen- 
Uriesare to be found in his collected works, 
■ad are also extant in quarto and folio, under 
different dates as they were published. 

25. Interpretatio Sacrae Scriptiine per 
omnefl V. et N. Testamenti Libros, ab 
lo. Nep. Albir. Pesthini, 1801^, 8vo, 
16 Tola., 6/. 

The text of the Latin Vulgate, with a short 
pK&ce, to each book and a synopsis of its 
ooQteots. The Rev. T. H. Home observes, 
ikat 'the profoundest reverence to the opinions 
of tke Fathers of the Christian church, and to 
the doctrinal dedsions and decrees of the 
Roonah church, pervades this exposition.' 

•«• For other ForeigTi Commentaries, &c. 
oo Vbe Scriptures, see col. 36-9. 



26. Pathway into the UoU Scripture, 
in Exposition of the First Epistle of St. 
John, set forth 1531, and another upon 
the T, vi and vii Chapters, by Wilham 
Ttkdalb, together with the rrologues 
to his Translation of the Bible. 

In his collective works. 

27. Bible, according to the Authorized 
VcnioD, with short Notes by several 
leuned and pious Reformers, as printed 
**y Royal Authority at the time of the 
Keformadon, with additional Notes and 
I>ii8enations. London, 1810, 4to, 12 
pt«.,pubL at 5$. each; royal paper, at 8i. 
each. 

'The Reformer's Bible,' edited by the Rev. 
'^ontas Webster, B.D., and ornamented vrith 
I few maps, tables and vignette engravings. 
The notes to the Old Testament are reprinted 
from those appeiMled to the Geneva Bible, 
v^intUy primed in 1560, and the annotations 
tome New Testament are translated from the 
[^ of Theodore Beza. The orthography has 
^ nodemized, and the editor adds, ' in 
HBe few instanoea the style has been im- 
)>*^Bved; though the utmost caution has been 
ot'Knred, that no alteration should be made in 
^ sentiinenti of the Reformers.' (I.). The 
Apocrypha, printed to match the above Edition. 
*o,piibLat7i.; royal paper, at 12». 

28. Contemplations on the O. and N. 
T., by Joseph Hall, Bp. of Norwich. 
8to, 2 Tols., 16*. ; 12mo, 3 vols., 13*. 6d, 

Nmerous editions. Orme observes, ' There 
"•freat variety of sentiment, and great rich- 
^^t of thought and expression in these Coo- 



templations. The historical passages are often 
very happily illustrated ; and a pure and ele* 
vated devotion, combined with a fine imagina- 
tion. pervades the whole.' Doddridge speaks 
of tnem as * incomparably valuable, for lan- 
guage, criticism, and devotion.' (1.) An Edi- 
tion, with an Essay on the Bishop's Life and 
Writings, by Ralph Wardlaw, D,D. 8vo, 
8 pts. publ. at 2i. each. 

(2.) A Plain and Familiar Explication, by 
way of Paraphrase, of all the Hard Texts of the 
whole Divine Scripture, by Jos. Hail, Bp. of 
Norwich. Lond. 1633, fol., 2 vols., 15*. This 
paraphrase, says Orme, includes many texts 
which are not hard ; and on many hard texts it 
throws little light Dr. Doddridge pronounces 
them to be very valuable, especially for show- 
ing the spirit and force of many expressions 
that occur. In the opinion of the Rev. £. 
Bickersteth, Hall's Contempl. and Hard Texts 
are ' very devotional and useful.' 

29. Commentanr upon the Bible, by 
John Mayer. Lond. 1631, &c. fol., 
6 vols., and 4to, 1 vol., 71* 7s, 

* A synopsis of the best preceding commen- 
tators, w.th additions of his own.* — Bickersteth. 

30. Annotations upon all the Books of 

the Old and New Testament. London, 

1657, fol., 2 vols., 30*. 

Third and best edition of this valuable work, 
entitled the * Assembly's Annotations.' An 
account of the authors will be found in Dr. 
Calainy's Life of Mr. Baxter, and in Orme's 
Bibliotheca Biblica. Orton pronounces the 
Annotations to be valuable though rather long; 
and to contain many valuable criticisms. The 
Rev. E. Bickersteth observes that they some- 
times furnish valuable remarks, not in other 
commentaries. 

31. Annotations on the O. and N. T., 

hy John Trapp. London, 1662, fol., 

5 vols., £7. 7s. 

These Annotations, originally published se]Mi- 
rately, ' contain many useful renutfks with 
much quaint wit'— Bickersteth. 

32. Annotations upon the Holy Bible, 
wherein the Sacred Text is inserted, and 
Various Readings annexed, together with 
the Parallel Scriptures, by the Rev. 
Matthew Poolb [and other Noncon- 
formist Ministers] . London, 1 683-5, fol., 

2 vols., 60s, 

This work was left unfinished by Mr. Poole. 
It consists chiefly of extracts transl. from his 
Synopsis Criticorum — the pre&ce tells us that 
Poole's continuators had taken as^ much as 
suited their design from the Synopsis ; besides 
which they consulted a great number of other 
authors. The work is commended by Gilpin, 
Drs. £. Williams, A. Clarke, Doddridge, and 
the learned in general. Cecil says, ' if we must 
have commentators, as we certainly must, Poole 
is incomparable, and I had almost said, abund- 
dant of nimself,' and the Rev. E. Bickersteth 
pronounces the annotations to be judicious and 
ftiU. (1.) An Edition. Lond., 1696, fol.. 
2 vols., eO». (2.) An Edition. Lond.. 1700^ 



119 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



ito 



fol., 2 vob.. 63f. This is generally considered 
the best edition. ^3.) An Edition, with an 
Account of the Author, and Enrnvings. 
Edinb., 1801, 4to, 4 vols., S2f. 6d, llie paper 
of this edition is very inferior to the old editions 
in folio. (4,) An Edition. Glasgow, 1803, 4to, 
3 vols., 42s. 

33. Old and New Testament, with An- 
notations and Parallel Scriptures, by 
Samuel Clarkb, A.M. [Nonconformist 
Minister]. Lond., 1690, fol., 42i. 

This work is valued by good judges of dif- 
ferent sentiments and persuasions, and has been 
an excellent fund for some modem commen- 
tators. It is highly comm^ed by Dr. Owen, 
Mr. Baxter, Dr. Bates, Mr. Howe, Dr. Calamy, 
Bp. Cleaver, £co. &c The Rev. E. Bick- 
ersteth observes ' the notes are very short, 
sometimes only a single sentence, but they are 
generally excellent. Dr. Doddndge made it 
his common-place book.' (1.) An Edition. 
London, 1735. fol., 31s. 6d. (2.) Another, with 
a Portrait of Clarke and numerous Platen. 
Lond., 1760, fol.. 31s. 6d. Printed at the re- 
commendation ot Mr. Whitefield. (3.) Ano- 
ther. GUsgow, 1765, fol., 31s. 6d. 

34. Bibliotheca Biblica, being a Com- 
mentary upon the Old and New Testa- 
ment, gathered out of the Fathers and 
Ecclesiastical Historians, and Acts of 
Councils, down to the year 451, to which 
are added Introductory Discourses on 
the Authors and Autnenticity of the 
Books, the time of their being writt^i, 
&c. &c. [by Samuel Pa rke r] . Oxford, 
1720-35, 4to, 6 vols., 60$. 

This curious work, by a learned nonjuror, in 
which there is a vast m^lay of learning, pro- 
ceeded only to the end of Deuteronomy. Those, 
says Orme, ' who wish to know the opinions 
and expository talents of the Fathers, and who 
have not the means of consulting their own 
writings^ will find in it numerous specimens 
both of their wisdom and their folly.' There 
are numerous dissertations in the work, most of 
which have been ascribed to Dr. Thos. Hay- 
wood ; many of them are on the most curious 
and uncommon sulqects. 

35. Help to the Understanding of the 
Hohr Scriptures by Edward Wells, 
D.D. Oxford, 1709, &c., 4to, 21 pts. 
in 6 vols., 63s. 

This is not a work of grreat importance or re- 
putation, but is seldom to be found complete. 
The N. T. contains the Greek text amended, 
with occasional alterations of our version and a 
few notes. In Wells* Paraphrase, says the 
Rev. £. Bickersteth, are many use<^ul hints on 
the prophecies, thoug;h the tone of doctrine is 
not what could be wished. A full analysis of 
the contents wUl be found in Cotton's List of 
Editions of the Bible, and in Home's Introduc- 
tion to the Scriptures. 

36. Critical Commentary and Para- 
phrase on the O. and N. T., bv Simon 
Patricia Bp. of Ely, Wm. Lowth, 



Rich. Arnald, and Dan. Whitbt. 

Lond., 1760 6, foL, 6 toIs. 

Best folio editions. Patrick, Lowth lad 
Whitby united form a ccHnmentary on tiM 
whole Bible in the latxtodinarian strun.— Wil- 
liams. The Rev. £. Bickersteth observes, the 
commentary is ' learned and useful, but defi- 
cient in evangelical statements.' Accordingto 
Orme ' neither Patrick nor Lowth has so modi 
Arminianism as Whitby, though they all belooff 
to the same theoloprical school? (l.)New£di- 
tioQ, with Portraits and Map. Londoo, 1809, 
4to» 8 vols. (2.) Another, edited by the Ret. 
J. R. Pitman, with Portraits and Map. Lom- 
don, 1822, rov. 4to., 6 vols., £6. 6i. ; fi. pa.. 24 
copies printed, £9, publ. at j^ This editwa 
likewise contains Lovnnan on the Revdaboa 
of St. John. 

37. Critical Notes on the Old and 
NewTe8tament,by William WAL^DJ). 
Lond., 1730-4, 8vo, 3 toU., 12i. 

This valuable work, says Orme, ' exptsiai 
inany di£Scult expressions. The Hebrew tot 
is corrected in many places irom the socieot 
versions, especially the LXX, vrith which th8 
author was well acquainted. The notesaie gf- 
nerally short and cntical, but very apposite. 

38. Exposition of the O. and N. T., 
by the Rev. Matthew Henry. London, 
1761, foL, 5 vols., £5. 6i. 

The author was a very able and uselul minis- 
ter among the Dissenters. As to the merit of 
his commentarv, all allow it to be ' an incom- 
parable work,^ which has ' contributed much 
to di£Fa8e the knowledge of the Scriptural 
amon^ the common people.' ' The work ts dii- 
tinguished,' says Orme, ' not for the depth of in 
leammg, or the originsiity of its views ; but far 
the sound practical piety, and large measure of 
good sense, which it discovers . . . .few boob 
of such extent on the Bible, contain so much 
writing to the purpoae, or are so well fitted to 
promote the general good of men.' The aothor 
brought his work to the end of the Acts of the 
Ai>ostles, the Epistles and Revelations were 
finished by several eminent Dissenting Mim*- 
ters. Whitefield is said to have studied the book 
literally on his knees, to have read it thioagk 
four times, and to the end of his life to bsve 
spoken of the author with the most profeoad 
veneration, ever calling him the great Bir. 
Henry. Ihe edition of 1761 is genially con- 
sidered the best in folio. (2.) An Edi- 
tion. Edinb., 1767,fol.,6vols. (3.) Another. 
London, 1793, 4to, 6 vob. (4.) Another. 
Edinb. 1797, 4to, 6 vols.. 84<. (6.) New Edi- 
tion, by the Rev. George BuRDsn, and the 
Rev. Jos. HuGHxs, with a Life of the Author 
by Samuel Palmek, and Pktes. Lood., 1811, 
4to.6 vols., pubLat £8; roy.pa. at £12. Acor- 
rectedition, in which theeditors have transfaUed 
the original Latinquotationa. (6.) An Editioa, 
with Introductory Remarks by the Rev. £. 
BicKEHSTETH. London. 1827, 4to, 6 vols., £5-6«. 
Abeautifullv printed editioD. Reprinted in 1832, 
also in 6 vols, in 4to. (7.) Another, to which 
IS prefixed a Memoir of the Life, Character and 
Writings of the Author, by J. B. Williajis, 
Esq., and a Portrait Lond.. 1828, iniper.dvo, 



m 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



133 



3foliH50^ OtlMT Editioiis, 1830, 1833, less. 
(&} Anodier, in Not. 1836, m loy. 8vo. 

39. Ezpodtion of the Old and New 
TeftamentSybyJohiiGiLL^D.D. Lond., 
1748, fo].» 9 Tols., 12/. 12«. 

Dr. Gin was a Tery learned Bafitift mmifter, 
tad an able polemical writer in defence of Cal- 
vnna. This exposition, Myt Dr. £. Williuns, 
* iboends with rabbinical and theological in- 
(bcnatisB, bvt, tbooirh upon the whole a yerj 
nlnble work,it 10 often prolix and tautological, 
nd fomeliBMS iiqudioionB.' Dr. A. Clarke 
observes the aotbor alwap keeps ' within nght 
0^ hboeed ;* and adds, ' be was a very learned 
•ad good man \ but bat often ■piritualized hit 
text to absurdity,' &c (1.) New Edition, 
with a Memoir 01 the Author by Dr. Bippon, 
and a Portrait LomL. 1810, 4to, 9 toIs., pubLat 
£14 8i. roy. pa. £ia pubL at £21. 12i. 

10. IDostration of the Holy Scriptures 
bj Notes and Explications on the Old 
and New Testaments [by Mr. Goadbt 
of Sdboroe]. London, 1759> &c. fol., 
3 Tols., 3U. 6^. 

Or. A. Clarke observes that this illustration 
' CDotaias maov judicious notes,* but ' while it 
Keas to be ortnodox, is written entirely on the 
Ariaii hypothest».' ( 1.) Remarks upon certain 
piMiiyui in a work entitled an Illustration of 
tke Uoly Scriptures, by the Rev. Walter Sel- 
la!*. London, 1765, 12mo. 

41. New and Literal Translation of 
the Old and New Testament, with 
Notes, critical and explanatory, bv An- 
thoBj PuRTBB [a Quaker]. Lond., 
1764, foL, 3 vols., 311. 6d. 

Hiis traoslation, printed at the expanse of Dr. 
Fothergill, is, says Orme, ' often unfframma- 
tical, and as frequentW unintelligible. The 
■c'toare . . . full of pride and ill-nature. Not- 
vitbtmdiag these prominent and pervading' 
defects, Pvrver sometimes gives a better ren- 
detAgthan occurs in our version: and those 
vboare curious in translations of the Bible, 
*iU not fiail to add the Quaker's version to their 
itodL' Dr. Geddes pronounces the version to 
W ' a crude, inconoite, and unshapely pile, 
without order, symmetry, or taste ;' and Dr. A. 
Ckfieabserves ' it has never beenhighlyralued, 
and is tsuch less literal and mudilesssimple than 
<W habits of the man, and those of the religious 
cooniuiiity to which he belonged, might aatho- 
(itt one to expect.* 

42. Notes on the Old and New Testa- 
not, by the Rey. John Wkslst, M.A. 
BriUDl, 1764, 4to, 4 vols., 42«. 

Aeeordiiigto Dr. Clarke, * The Notes on the 
0. T. arc auowed on all bands to be meagre 
^ i n si tisf s rt ory. Those on the New, which 
^«e gone through several editions, are of a 
■iW| d9er«at description ; thoof^h short, they 

I Ht iHrays'jadieious, aoeorate, spiritual, terse. 

. uid B B p r tssii e: and posMM m happy and 
nse pi i^iy of leading the reader to Uod and 
«t own heart' The text is inserted in oon- 
^■MMparsgmhs, the notes being thrown in 
*ht aargin. They are. in the opinion of Dr. 
Haks, ' eoBttcadable for their concisenefls, and 



acutely pointed to the hearts and oonseiencesof 
his readers.' 

43. Spiritual Exposition of the Bible, 
or the Christian's Gospel Treasure, by 
John Allen. London, 1765, foL, 3 
vols., bOs. 

Entirely on Antinomian principles. ( 1 . ) An 
Edition. 8vo, 4 vols., publ. at 50f.; large 
paper, at 83i. 

44. Evangelical Expositor; or. Com- 
mentary on the Holy Bihle, wherein Uie 
Sacred Text is inserted at large, the sense 
explained, and different passages eluci- 
dated, with practical observations, &c4>y 
T. Haweis, LL.B., M.D., of Aldwin- 
kle. London, 1765, foL, 2 vols., 84#. 

This commentary, though recommended by 
several contemporary clergymen, was not popu- 
lar. Whatever may have been the cause of 
this, it cannot be the want of merit in the au- 
thor, who has given^ beside his own remarks, 
the oest of Hemys, m improved and animated 
language. (I.) Haweis s Evangehcal Expo- 
sitor, to which are annexed, an Introduction, 
Marginal References, and Readings by the 
Rev, John BaowN, of Haddin^n ; and a Com- 
plete Index and Concise Dictionary, by the 
Rev. John Barb, Glasgow, also Maps, 
Plans, and other Engravings. 4to, 36 pts. in 
3 vols., publ. at 2f . each part 

45. Commentary on the Books of the 
O. and N. T., by William Dodd, LL.D. 
London, 1770, foL, 3 vols., £5. 

This, says Orme, is mostly a compilation, 
the chief value of which consists in notes fur- 
nished from the original papers of John Locke 
(or rather Dr. Cudworth), Dr. Waterland, 
Lord Clarendon, Gilbert West, andsome others. 
Great use is also made of the Commentaries of 
Calmet, Houbigant, Doddridge. &c Dr. Adsm 
Clarke, says raiher hyperbolically, that it is on 
the whole by far the best comment that has yet 
appeared in the English langruage. (1.^ Com- 
mentary on the O. & N. T., by Thomas Coax, 
LL.D. Lond., 1803, 4to, 6 vols. This, ac- 
cording to Dr. Adam Clarke, ' is io the main 
a reprint of the work of Dr. Dodd, vrith several 
retrenchments, and some unimportant additions 
.... sll the marginal readings and parallel 
texts are entirely omitted.' Dr. Coke was a 
minister of the Wesleyan Methodist connexion. 

46. Bible, containing the Old and 
New Testament, and a complete Index, 
with Arguments, Moral, llieol., and 
Practical Observations, and also Reflec- 
tions, by the Rev. John Brown of Had- 
dington. 1777- 

' Brown's Self-Interpreting KUe is an ad- 
mirable book, «ther for ministers or families. 
Its chief exoellenoes are the marginal refer* 
ences, whichare exceedingly useful to prMchers, 
and the dose, plain, and practioal improvement 
to each chapter. It has long bem known to 
the Christian public, and has probably been 
more used and approved as a family book than 
any other. The refleotions on each chapter are 
distinguished by two important reconunenda- 



123 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



UA 



tions— their brevity and piety/ The Rev. £. 
Bickersteth says it is a ' useful' commentary, 
* with short evangelical notes and reflections, 
and a useful introduction.' H.) Self-interpret- 
ing Bible, containing the O. and N. T., with 
Introduction, Marginal References, Notes, and 
Practical Reflections, by John Brown. Lond., 
1791. 4to, 2 vols. (2.) Fourth Edition. 1808. 
4to. 2vo]s., publ. at GSs,; roy. pa., at 94s. 6d, 
(3.) Fifth Edition. 4to, 2 vols., publ. at 70t. 
(4,) Brown's Self-interpreting Bible, with 
2000 crit and ezplan. Notes, numerous Refe- 
rences and Readings, and a complete Index 
and concise Dictionary, by the Rev. John 
Baioi ; also, a Memoir of the Author by the 
Rev. John Brown Paterson. Glasgow, 1834, 
4to. 20 pts., publ. at 2s. each. This edition, 
with corrections and additions, was publishea 
under the superintendence of the author's fiEunily. 
Besides emoracing all Bronni's Explanatory 
Notes and Reflections, it contains a vast variety 
of additional notes, chiefly illustrative of Eastern 
manners and customs, natural history, geo- 
giiiphy, &c.. and the marginal references have 
been carefully revised and corrected. 

47. Bible carefully printed from the 
first edition [compared with others of 
the present translation], with Notes^ by 
Tho. Wilson, Bishop of Sodor and 
Man, and various renderings, collected 
from other translations, by the Rev. 
Clement Cruttwell. Bath, 1785, 4to, 
3 vols., S48, 

This is generally called Bp. Wilson's Bible, 
from being accompanied with the brief notes of 
that venerable prelate. Its chief merit, says Dr. 
Townley, arises from the industrious editor 
having collated the present authorized version 
with the most important preceding and sub- 
sequent English translations, and placed the 
various renderings at the foot of the page, thus 
forming a most useful and important variorum 
edition. The editor has affixed an historical 
and biographical preface, and subjoined a 
translation of the diird book of Maccabees, 
from Becke's edition of 1551 . 

48. Bible, with original Notes, prac- 
tical Observations, and copious Marginal 
References, by Thomas Scott, Rector 
of Aston Sandford. London, 1788-92, 

4to, 5 vols., 638. 

The author was an avowed Calvinist, though 
remarkably temperate and iudicious. As a 
minister's and student's book his Bible is un> 
questionably the first we possess. The con- 
stant and increasing sale of the commentary 
proves the high estimation in which it is deser- 
vedly held. Many thousand copies have been 
sold in this country, and in America eight edi- 
tions, consisting of 25,250 copies were published, 
from 1808 to 1819. The pubhc voice has 
fully confirmed the judgment passed upon the 
work by Wilson, Bishop of Calcutta, woo said 
that it was especially ' the comment of our age ; 
presenting many of the last lights which history 
casts on the int^retation of prophecy ; ^ving 
several of the remarks whicn sound criticism 
has accumulated from the different branches of 
sacred literature ; obviating the chief objections 



which modem annotaton have advanced agaiBA 
some of the distinguishing doctrines of the G<»- 
pel : and adapting the iostructions of ScripCiit 
to the peculiar circumstances of the times in 
which we live.' (1.) Second Edition. Loud., 
1805-9, 4to, vols. (2.) Third Edition. Load., 
1809. 4to, 6 vols. (3.) Fourth Edition. 4to. 
6 vols., publ. at £7. 10s. : roy. pa. at £12. 12i. 
(4.) Fifth Edition. Lond., 1822, 4to,6Tols. 
Best edition, with the author's last correctiooi 
and additions. Between the first and last edi- 
tions there are i^reat differences. The laK 
edition appeared m 1835, 4to, 6 vols., pobl.8t 
£8. 8«. (5. ) The Rev. Thomas Scott's FsidjIt 
Bible, a New Edition, edited by the Rev. Jo- 
siah Pratt, B.D.,with84 Engravings. Lond.. 
1834, imper. 8vo. 84 nos. in 3 vols., 84f. Thii 
edition comprises every thing contained in tbc 
quarto, excepting the philological notes, tad the 
marginal references. The practical obeenrs- 
tions are inserted immediately after the pMES^ 
of the text to which they refer. (6,) Bible with 
the Practical Observations of the Itev. TbomK 
Scorr. Lond., 1834, imper. 8vo, 2 vob.,pabL 
at 36i. These volumes do not contain the ei« 
planatory notes, nor margrinal references. 

49. Revised Translation and Interpre- 
tation of the Sacred Scriptures after the 
Eastern Manner, from concurrent ao- 
thorities of critics, interpreters and com- 
mentators, copies and versions [by David 
Macrae]. Glasgow, 1799> 8vo, 6f. 

A curious rather than a valuable book. Onoe 
observes, ' The author's zeal for a new tniaU- 
tion was ^^reater than his capacity and his learn- 
ing. His mterpretation is mixed up with his ver 
sion, and both together sometiroea mdie a very 
curious medley.' (1.) Second Edition. Gltf- 
gow, 1815, 4to, 30s., and 8vo, 3 volt. This 
edition vanes in some places from the Conner. 

50. Bible, [Genesis to Chronicles] 
transl. from the Originals, with various 
Readings, explan. Notes, and critical Re- 
marks, oy the Rev. Alexander Gbddis, 
LL.D. London, 1792-7, roy. 4to, 3 
vols., 40s. 

Geddes' veraon ' is admitted to contun mmr 
happy renderings, many iust emendationsof the 
text, and many profound and ingenious ohetf- 
vations on its sense, and to discover a profound 
knowledge in the Hebrew language. But the 
propriety of the greater part, both of bis emeih 
dations and interpretations, has been ouestioned.' 
— C. Butler. Dr. Geddes, says tne leani«d 
Bp. Van Mildert, ' applied the whole w«giit of 
his learning and talents to an artful attack upon 
the Divine authority of the Scriptures. Through 
the medium of a new translation he strives to 
shew that these Scriptures are entitled to no 
other respect or veneration, than what is due 
to them, as curious remains of antiquity.* See 
Bp. Van Mildert's Boyle's Lectures. Br. 
Boothroyd in his translation has avaikd him- 
self of the profound scholarship of Geddei, 
without suffering himself to be misled by hs 
eccentricity and heresy. A review of Geodes' 
translation, now confidently attributed to Bp. 
Horsley, appeared in the British Critic, vok. 
4, 14, 19, and 20. The following may be coo- 



m 



BIBUCAL COMMENTARIES. 



126 



lidered at DeoeaMiy •coompAnimeDttto Geddes' 
three Toluine*— (1.) Prospectus. Glasgow, 
1786, 4to. 6t. (2.) Appendix to the Prospec- 
tus. Loud., 1788, 4to, 2t. 6d, Geddes' pros- 
pectoi created a strong sensation on its first 
tppeartDce. (3.) Proposals. Lond., 1787, 
4io, \$.6d, (4.) General Answer to the Que- 
rie«, &c, Lond., 1790, 8vo., U. 6d. (4.) Ad- 
drwiotbe Pablic Lond., 1793, 8vo., U.6d. 
(6.) Critical RemariLS on the Hebrew Scrip- 
tnro (the Pentateuch), corresponding with a 
Dew Translation of the Bible, by the Rev. A. 
Gnisu, LLJ). Lond., 1800, 4to, 10t.6d. It 
tt,«]rf Orme, 'in these remarks that the sen- 
tDHots of Dr. Geddes are most offensively 
fttted. All the freedom of the modem conti- 
KBtal critics is Msed with the sacred writings, 
witfaoQt the veil of a foreign language inter- 
posed to conceal its unsightliness.' 

51. Notes on the Bible, by Charles 
BuLKLiY, published by Joshua Toul- 
miii,D.D. London, 1802, 8 vo,3yols., iSs. 

The notes of this Unitarian minister are not 
«o much of a philologiod as of an explanatory 
ottare. They are, says Orme, 'filled with 
what the author considers parallel passages in 
the Greek and Roman classics, in which the 
tane nionl precepts and sentiments occur.' 

53. Bible. London, for John Reeves, 
1802. cr. 8yo,; 9 vols., 40*., roy. 8vo, 9 
vols., 52#. 6d. ; roy. 4to, 9 vols., 84i. 

A very judicious and useful edition, with a 
prtfiMe, and notes^ also chronological and other 
oblck The text is printed in the ancient form, 
praenring all the uses, but avoiding the dis- 
^Anasa^ta, of the comparatively modem di- 
vnioo, into chapters and verses. 

53. Notes on all the Books of Scrip- 
tore, for the use of the Pulpit and of 
Prirue Families, by Jos. Prikstlby, 
UkD. Northumberland [North Ame- 
Tnszl 1803, 8vo, 4 vols., 30*. 

^ Ttts work, in the opinion of Dr. A. Clarke, 
'cootaiiia many invaluable notes and obeerva- 
^Ms, particubrly on the philosophy, natural 
^*^, geography, and chronology of the 
^^<'iptiires.* The creed of Dr. Priestley was that 
<>f nttdem Socinianism. Orme observes, ' Many 
^ Bootes relate to the geography, chronology, 
od aatml history of the Bible, on which sub- 
{^ Or. P. was very much at home, and may 
°* lalbly and profitably consulted. On the 
^^vetioQal parts of Scripture the notes are dry 
M aeagre ; and, on the doctrinal parts, the 
^M oerer loses sight of the peculiarities of 
«(lfce Unitarian) creed. 

54. Scripture Expositor ; a new Com- 
o^cnt&rj, critical and practical, on the 
Holy Bible, by the Rev. Samuel Bur- 
ow^ A.M. London, 1809, 4to, 2 vols. 

30f. 

TW principles of the work are purely evan- 
fttSoaL The author's most particular object 
VM 'in uniform endeavour to illustrate the 
IMt Bible by the assistance of eastern customs, 
umI ileratiire in generaL' Each chapter i» 
■<^«aqianied widi practical reflections, the 



marginal references are preserved, appropriate 
Scripture references are affixed, and Uie work 
is accompanied by an introduction, a summary 
of Scripture geography, clironology, and other 
appropriate matter, as likewise a general in- 
dex of the subjects comprised in it. 

55. Bible, with a Commentary and 
Critical Notes, by Adam Clarke, LL.D. 
Lond., 1810-26, 4to, 8 vols. 

This great theological work mav be said to 
have been the labour of Dr. Clarke s whole life, 
commencing from his entrance into the Wes- 
leyan ministry. It is assuredly a wonderful 
performance, carried on, as it was, in the midst 
of joumeyings and privations — of weariness and 
pamfulness — of care and distraction ; and car- 
ried on too by an unaided and single-handed 
man ; for he himself affirms that he had no 
mortal to afford him the smallest astdstance. 
His Strang interpretation of the second chapter 
of Genesis, by which the serpent was trans- 
muted into an ape or monkey, was condemned 
— but a still more formidable objection to it 
was, that it denied the eternal filiation of the 
second person of the Trinity. The Rev. E. 
Bickersteth observes, it ' should be read with 
caution ; though there is much valuable matter 
in it. Light is sometimes thrown on difficult 
passages ; but he is fond of innovations, and 

C^fying generally condemned characters, and 
both eccentric and exceptionable passages ; 
yet he often makes good practical remarks.' 
Orme observes, the ' doctrines of Arminius ap- 
pear in it, but are offensively urged.' (1.) 
New Edition, greatly improved by ' mulutu- 
dinous Emendations and Corrections from the 
Author's own and last hand.' Lond., 1833-4, roy. 
8vo, 6 vob., publ. at £6. 9s, 6d ; 4to. at £9. 15f. 
' In this work,' says the publisher, ' tne whole of 
the text has been collated with the Hebrew and 
Greek originals, and all the ancient versions : — 
the most difficult words analysed and ex- 
plained : — the most important readings in the 
Hebrew collections of Kennicottand De Rossi, 
and in the Greek collections of Mill , Wetstein, 
and Griesbach, noticed : — the peculuir customs 
of the Jews and neighbouring nations, so fre- 
quently alluded to by the Prophets, Evange- 
lists, and Apostles, explained from the best 
Asiatic authorities: — the grreat Doctrines of the 
law and gospel of God defined, illustrated, and 
defended ; and the whole applied to the impor- 
tant purposes of practical Christianity and vital 
godlmess.' 

56. Devotional Family Bible, by John 
Fawcbtt, D.D. Lond., 1811, roy. 4to, 
2 vols., 40s. ; fi. super-royal paper, 60s, 

This work is evangelicaL judicious, and 
well-written. The notes and illustrations are 
partly original, and partly selected from the 
most approved expositors, and at the close of 
every chapter is a devotional exercise, or as- 
piration. 

57. Bible, and Apocrypha, with criti- 
cal, philological, ana explanatory Notes, 
by the Rev. John Hewlett, B.D. 
Liondon, 1811, 4to, 3 vols., 42*. 

An excellent variorum edition of the Scrip- 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



. after ijicliire« by eelebmed 
, 63».;lKrgep»I>«r, £5. 5i. (I,) Com- 
es and DiBquiaiUotu on tbg HoIt Scrip- 



mrea. Some copies *je iUnstrmlad with nup*. 
kud enimivings, ' ' ■■---' 

-— — -i3..ilai 

BndD._, ._ 

a, by the Rev, John Hcwlett, B.D. Lon- 
don, 1816, Sto, 5 voIl, 25«. 

58. The Old CovenaDt, commonly called 
ihe Old Testament, transl. from the 
Sepluagint, and The New Covenant, 
tranel. from the Greek, by Cbarlea 
TuoHSON. Philadelphia, I80S, 8vo, 4 

The ooIt KDg'lish Teraion of llie Septut^nt 
—it IB fiitlifullr eieculed. The N. T. contains 
rosay improved rooderings and smtagcnieDts. 
The notes aie in general aeilher long nor pro- 

59. Bible, according to the present 
authoriied English Version, with Notes, 
&c. &c., by the Rev. Joseph Bknson. 
London, I81I-IB, 4to, 5 vols. 

I'his Bible, urticulsrly inleodHl for funily 
u»e, was published under the direction and 
pslTona^ of the Melhodist Conference. I1ie 
nutefl ore * chiefly selected from preceding com- 
meataton,' particulsriT John VVesleT. 

60. Bible, according- to the Aulhor- 
ixed Version, with Notes explaaatory 



Church of England and Ireland, together 
with appropriate Introductions, lables. 
Indexes, Maps, and Plans, prepared and 
arranied by the Rev. G. D'Oyly, D.D„ 
and £e Rev. Itich. Mant, Bishop of 
Down and Connor. Oxford, 1814, 4to, 
3 vols. 

Hubliahed under the direction of the Society 
for Promotinft ChriaUsD Knowledge, and gene- 
rally denominated 'The Chnrch of EnnlaDd 
Bible.' It hu been frequently reprinted ■■ 
Cambridge and Oxford, slternately, and up- 
wards of 30,000 copies hsve been told. New 
Edilion, Camb., 183 , 4lo, 3 vols , publ. at 
£3. 14>. 6rf., now reduced to 66)., with Con- 
cord ince. (1.1 An Edition by J. H. Hobirt, 
Uisbop of the Protietanl Episcopal Church in 
,^_ «.:;.. „» v_ v~j, kT™ \^a, 1818-20. 

; Study of the 

] alts, eipUna- 

I .bridged Irom 

I be Sudely for 

1 by the Hev. 

'. 11-3, »m. 4W, 

I the Family 

1 

61. Commentary on the Old and New 
Testamenta, with the Sacred Text at 
large, by Robert Hawkbk, D.D. Lon. 
don, 1816, Bvo, 40 parts in 9 vols, publ. 
at 3(. each part; or on fine roy. paper, 
at St. 
A laboor of bnrlcen yeart. Dr. Hswker't 



notbmDtsireatricUy Calviniwlc; and h>irjti 
full of unction. Tbocommenlary'ijiiiteDiieda 
■nhnmblebelptotha^.who.in reading ibe I Uj 
Scripluiee, desire aimncfaupoaBbie, not la iHl 
in human teaching, but to be broiubl under that 
wlilchli divine jth at aothethiDgiwiudi are Fnely 
given to us of God, may come lo us, not is llie 
wordi which man'iwiidDmleacheth. bat wUc^ 
tbeHolyGhaatleuiheth.' (l.)PoorMao'tCa- 
mentary on the Old Testuneot, by R. H:i>ui, 
DJ). 12nui, 6 vols., publ. at 36i. (Z) P«v 
Mao's Commouary on the New TeMneol, bt 
D o 111. ,„ — ■ -'i, pubLatSti. 



R. H«wua, DJ>. 12mo, 4 



6a. New Family Rible, and Improred 
Version, from corrected Texts of tbe 
Originals, with Notes critical and expla- 
lutoiy, and short practical Refiectiuoa, 
on each Chapter, by the Rev. B. Booth- 
RO¥D, LL.D. Pontefract and Londan, 
21, 4, 3, 4to, 3 vols., pubL at 8U. 



a, the fruits of the author'i libson 
upon ihe saci^ text, and making oier m tiit 
Ijigllih reader in a laneible ihape. the reaiht 
of the eitended critical invesiigaooni ohicii 
have been broujrht to bear upon the vario-s 
readings found in the extanl codioei. Dr. 
boothrayd's great aim 'was la give the wnK of 
the lacred autlioia, without, on Ihe one hunl. 
rendering verbally, or on the other, bonf IM 
dilTuK or paraphrastic' Tbe lentimeiitj M Uic 
author are evangelical and doctrinal. (1.) 
Uible.cODtainingtheOldaad New TeUimestf, 
now iransl. from Corrected Teiti of ilie Ori- 

S'nat Tongnea, and with former Trandabus 
ligeatly compared, tusetber with a k*bbiI I 
lotrodnction and abort tiplaomtary NdIb. by 
B. BooniROiD, D.D. Lond., 1B3S4 "■I- 
8vo, 10 pti. in I vol., publ. al 30^ A revioel 
edition of the Improved \'eraiDD, with Ihe onu- 
aion of the Practical >{eflect>ona,buta lalaaMc 
Introduction is prefixed, containing obieni- 
tions on Ihe canonical boolia, on tbe vanov 
codices and EngUah verKions, on the labcnacle 
and the religious politr of tbe Hebnin. dn 
Levilical luatitutea, and the Jewish "' 

a table of meuurea and calendar. 

63. Cottage Ritde, and Pamilr Ex- 
positori containing the authoriiedTrao*- 
ialion of the O, and N. Testamt 

Sractical Reflections and cxplanUorT 
lolei, by Tbo. Williams. Lena. 
1829-7, 8vo, 40 pts. in 3 Yol,. pobl. It 
40s. i fine paper, at 60*. 

The doctnnal viewB ii. untuned in Tbe Cot- 
tage Bible are strictly evangelical, and Ihe re< 
neraJ chaructrr of the eiposition is highly poe- 
tical. Tiie work conaiu. in the form Wnaln, 

the pllh of man; ' 

criticism, while th 

chapter, always suggeils k 
the judgment, or to coirect loe ne 
Rev. L. Bickenteth obiarvea, Willii 
denies much maiier in a little room, 
study rather than a CotUge Bible.' 




1S9 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



130 



64. CoDttanl Bible, sr Ker to the 
HflfySeriptures, bf WmiamM'CasKLK, 
umtfH if the Rer. Esrm Stylet Ely, 
DJ), and the Rer. Gregory BkdbLl, 
AM. FhibuL^ 1826^, 4to, 3 toIs. 

Them Tohonct eomprite the Old Testunent 
TWeofrapoodinff teils tre hrcmcht together 
b «oe view, lui ■mngcd in a nmiliv tnd 




65. Compfehennve Bible, with tiie 
Tviom Readiiigs and Marginal Notes, 
i scneral Introduction, Introductions 
and condadinff RemaiiLS to each Book, 
die FnaOel Passages systematieany ar- 
nmged, philologiod and explanatory 
Notes, also Chrmiological and other In- 
dms [by Wilfiam Grbkmvisld]. 
London, 18S7, crown 4to, 35«.; demy 
4to, with laiger type, 40f.; roy. 4to, 60f.; 
hoper. 4to, 76#. 
1 very TtliMble sdhioii of tbe andiorized 
It ii Mid to oontain 4000 notes and 
psfmUelpaMSfes, beincr til tboie of 
r,8ooCL Clarke, and others. TheCom. 
re Bible hss deservedly received a 
of pvblic approbation. Many 
~ me whole of the apparatus 
it, are highly valuable. 

H Child's Commentator ; being a 
Cbnmcntanr on the Hdiy Scr ip tures for 
QiiUnn, by Ingram Uobbin, A.M. 
bidoB, ISmo, 7 toIl, pubL at 17t. 6d. 

Aa mmmmt sad inftmctive worh for chil- 
w. -^ published in numbers at 2d. 
tftk. It is dMtiii(|aished by a |naise-worthy 
■Bflsity and plamoeM, both in the ideas and 
■t^hwsuuiuij,and has the merit of adaptation 
t» tfk pvpose without making higher preten- 

67. Bible according to the Autho- 
iM Vernon, with the exception of 
ibe Sobsthotioo of the Original He- 
Wsw Names in place oi the English 
Words 'Lord' and 'God,' &c. London, 
U)0,4to. 

*1Wb is not ooe page in this production fipee 

the •' 



«Waafthe Hebrew toi«ue.^-Lii«r.G«s«fC«. 

68. Commentary npoo the Holy Kble, 
wnBHsnry and Scott, with numerous 
Olitfitlians and Notes from other 
Wikvs Pby George Btokbs], also Maps 
m TaOsa. London, 1831-4, lOmo, 6 

njg^ piAL at sat . 

"Ms ewi iiu eKa ry, printed upon ffood paper, 
2^ Sskar type, k published by tte ReBgwus 
3Wet8aristy.nt iTa weH-di^led^S^on 
wge b ss tpaiu of the best commentators An 
'^^ of the Bible, Oxfcrd, in ruby octavo, 
in site with this commentary, may be 
1, prieeHb. (1.) Bible; the Text 
to the Aaihoriasd Venfam, and a 



Commentary firom H«ttt eed Seott, with nu- 
merous ObservatioBS and Notes fimn other 
Authors, also the Manyinal Refbrenoes, Maps 
of the Countries mentioned in Soripture, and 
various Tables, 6 vols., publ. at 60f. This 
Bible, printed upon a super-royal paper, in a 
mod-siied clear type, is published by the Re- 
ligious Tr%ct Society. 

69. Christian Expositor, or Practical 

Guide to the Study of the Old and New 

Testament, by the Rer. George Holdbn, 

A.M. London, 1834, Sre, 2 vds., publ. 

at 13t. 6d. and lOt. 6d. 

The sim and study of the author was to em- 
brace, m a condensed form, sudi information 
as will enable the reader to ascertain the real 
meaning of the Inipired Writers. The com- 
mentary is sufficiently short to be read by those 
who have not leisure to couBult learned works, 
and yet sufficiently comprehensive to serve as 
a guide to the study of the Sacred Serqitures. 

70. Treasury BiUe, in two Divisions. 
Lcondon, 1835, fsc. 8yo, and 4to, publ. 
at 30f. eadi. 

The Treasury Bible presents the most com^ 
plete and attractive apparatus for the attain- 
ment of a thorouffh textual knowledge of the 
Holy Scrinturss, that has ever been presented 
to the studious and devout The 1st division 
oontains the authorised Enclish Yeraon of the 
Holy Scriptures as primed in Banter's Poly- 
^ot Bible, with the Selection of References to 
Parallel end Illustrative Passages, and simi- 
larly printed in a centre column : the 2nd oon- 
tains the Treasury of Scripture Knowledge, 
oonsistinfr of an Ansemblafe of upwards of 
500,000 Parallel Teits from Came, Brown. 
Blayney, Scott, and others, with numerous Il- 
lustrative Notes interspersed. The edition in 
4to is printed on fine writing paper, with lines 
in the fabric of the paper for ms. matter. The 
volume may thus serve the purpose of a Bib- 
lical Common-place Book, m addition to the 
aids to study which the Notes and References 
aibfd. 

71. Bible, witb Notes, by the Rer. H. 

Caunteb, also 144 Engravings, fhun 

Drawings by R. Westall and J. Martin. 

Lond. 1836, med. 8to, — nos« pubL at 

3<l. eacb. 
The notes are exclusively explanatory. 

72. Pocket Commentary, ccmsisti^ oi 

Critical Notes on tbe Old and New Tee- 

tament, original and selected from the 

most celebrated Biblical Critics and 

Commentators, by David Davidsom. 

Edinb., 1836, 24mo, 3 yob., pubL at 4s. 

eacb. 

His is indeed 'multum in parvo.' The com- 
piler observes 'This wofk is an attempt to give 
an abstract of the most i nt erest in g notes eon- 
tatned m worits appropriated to the illostratioa 
of individual bo6ks of the Holy Scriptures, 
with a selection of smaller notes from tracts, 
<ft i co ur ses, or commentaries, irrespective of the 

K 



131 



RELKilON AND ITS HISTORY. 



132 



literaOr or religious chancter of their ftuthor.' 
The Tolume on the New Teetament was the 
first published and has reached a fourth edition. 

78. Rctorial Bible» beinff the O. and 
N. T. according to the Auuoriaed Yer- 
8ion» with Wood-cuts; to which are 
add#d« Original Notes. London, 1836-8, 
roy. 8vo, 3 vols., publ. at 60#. 

The notes are chiefly explanatory of the en- 
gratings, and of such passages connected with 
tne hiitory, geography, natural hirtory, and 
antiquities of the Sslcred Scriptures, as require 
observation . The genei al design of the work is 
ezoiitent, and manv of the engravingv are, as 
wood-cuts, admirable. (1.) An Edition, witli 
a few Corrections. London, 1838-9, 4to. Now 
publishing in monthly parts, at 5s. each. 

74. Condensed Commentary and Fa- 
mily Exposition of the Bible, by the Rev. 
Ingram Cobbin, M.A., with Maps and 
PlatM. Lond., 1837> imper. 8vo, publ. 
at 35i. ; roy. 4to, at bSs. 

This Yuhune contains the most valuable cri- 
ticisms of the best biblical writers, with practical 
reflections, and marginal references, chrono- 
logy, indexes, etc. 

(1.) Bible, with the Marginal Readings and 
Parallel Passages, and explan. and practical 
Notes, by Ingram Cobbin, AM,, also Maps 
and Wood-cuts. 4to, — pts. Now publishing m 
monthly parts, at h.each. The notes are chiefly 
selected from the most esteemed divines and bih> 
lioal critics of various denominations. 

75. Short Comments on every Chap- 
ter of the Holy Bible. London, 1838, 

pnbl. at lOff. 

One of the publications of the Religious Tract 
Society. 

76. Bible; a New Translation, with 

Introd. Remarks, Notes explanatory and 

critical, and Practical Reflections, by the 

Rev. C. Wbllbklovbd. London, 1838, 

4to, 2 vols., publ. at 70s. ; large paper, 

at £5. 5i. 

Designed principally for the use of families. 
The editor is an Unitarian minister. 

77. lUustrated Family Bible, with co- 
pious Marginal References, Notes and 
Annotations, and a complete Concor- 
dance to the Old and New Testaments. 
Lond., 1838, fsc. fol., — parts, publ. at 
Is. 6d. each; large paper, at 2s, 6a. each. 

78. Old Testament. — Hug. Grotii 
Annot. ad V. T., com Observ. et Addit. 
G. J. L. VoGBLii, contin. J. C. Doe- 
DERLEiN. BeroL, 1775-6, 4to, 3 vols. 

in 1, 27 s, 

This edition has numerous corrections. ( I. ) 
J. C, DoBDBBLsiN Scholia in Libros V. T. 
Poeticos, Jobum, Psalmos et tres Salomonis. 
HaUe, ir79,4to,di. See col. 116, no. 22. 

79. Lud. Cappblli Commentarii et 



Notae Cridcte in V. T. ; access. J. Cap- 
pblli Observ. in eosdem libros, etc. 

Amst. 1689, fol., I5s. 

* Many of the notes,' says Welch, * are teamed 
and useful : but he was a rash and fearleK 
critic, who Drought forward things which were 
injurious to the Scriptures, and ought therefore 
to be read with caution.' 

80. C. F. HouBiGANTii Note Cri- 
ticae in universos V. T. Libros, cum 
Hebr. tum Gr. scriptos. Franc, 1777, 
4 to, 2 vols., 20«. 

Houbigant is considered as too bold a critic, 
and by no means to be always followed, bet 
not without use. See coL 38, no. 8. 

81. J. Christ. Frid. Schulzii et Geo. 
Baubri Scholia in Vetus Testamentum. 
Norimb. 1783-97, 8vo, 10 vols., 60«. 

This is considered by Seller as the best col- 
lection of Scholia on the Old Testament. It » 
principally taken from German work*, with 
critical notes by the editors and their fri^ids. 

82. Em. Frid. Car. Rosbnmcllbbi 
Scholia in Vetus Testamentum. lips., 
1821-35, 8vo, 23 vols., £11. Us, 

Best editions. Rosenm'dller's Commentaries 
on the O. T. are a thesaurus of philology, wbtdi 
is nowhere else to be found, aod whicTi the stu- 
dent cannot well dispense with. Considered m 
a critical and philological commentary on the 
Hebrew teit it is the most valuable in existence. 
The candour with which this learned scboUsst 
has altered some of his lax and dangerous con- 
ments, has been warmly commendcMl by Dr. 
Pye Smith in his Scripture Testimony. (L) 
£. F. C. HosENMULLEBi Schofia in V. T., in 
Compendium redacta. lips., 1828-36, 8to, 
vols. 1—6, 84t. A valuable woHl for stodcnlL 
The abridgment was made by J. C. S. Lechner, 
and revised by Rosenmiiller. 

83. Choice Observations and Expla- 
nations upon the O. T., by John Rich- 
ardson, Bp. of Ardagh. LoncL, 1655, 
fol., I5s, 

These 'are additionab to the annotatiew 
made by some of the Assembly of Divines.' 
Richardson was much esteemed by hb con- 
temporaries. Abp. Usher calls him 'that 
learned man, and much exercised in the studies 
of the Holy Scriptures.' 

84. Paraphrase and Commentary on 
the O. T. from Genesis to Psalms, by 
Symon Patrick, Bp. of Ely. Lond^ 
1679-1706, 4to, 12 vols. 

According to Orme, ' Patrick is one of the 
most sensible and useful commentators on the 
p. T. He had a competent measure of iearo- 
ing for the undertaking, of which he never 
makes any ostentatious clisplay.' (1.) Fourdi 
Fxlition corrected. Lond., 1732, to 



See col. 119, no. 36. 



foL, 2 vols. 



85. Paraphrase with Notes on the 
[HistoricalJ Books of the O. T., by the 



T33 



BIBLICAL GOMMENTAWES. 



134 



Bar. Thomas Pylb, M.A. Lond., 
i;i7-«5, 8T0, 4 vds. 

Thii el^^Bot and judicious contraction of Bp. 
Fatrick's work, is, says Dr. Doddridge, vastly 
to be {Hneferred to Pyle's Paraphrase on the 
Epbtles. 

86. Short and Plain Exposition of the 
0. T., with devotional and practical Re- 
iUctionB, for the uae of families, sub- 
joned to each chapter, somewhat in the 
manner of Dr. Doddridge's Family Ex- 
positor, by the Rev. Job Orton. Lond., 
1788-91, 8VO, 6 vols., 31i. 6d, 

This work contains notes chiefly collected 
Cram modem expositors, which ' often convey 
Tafaiable instructxm and the ref)e<^ns are ad- 
Biirahly adapted to promote ^ purposes of 
ierioQs reli^on.* Orton was a respectable Dis- 
HBtmr Mmister at Shrewsbury. His work, 
s^s Dr. £. Williams, ' has many ^pood hints, 
Wt is chiefly vatuable for the reflections at the 
doK of each chapter.' Orme observes, ' As 
the author was inclined to Arianism, various 
piSBages derive a colour from that system, and 
altof^her there is want of reference to the fir^at 
docTOiei of Christianity througbout the work.' 
Q-) Second Edition. Lond., 1822, 8vo, 6 vols. 
oGh To make a complete commentary on the 
Bible, the work may be associated with Pal- 
Bsr's abridgment of Doddridge on the New 
Testament. 

87. Bible G- e. the Old Testament) 
newly transL from the original Hebrew, 
with Notea critical and explanatory, by 
idm Bkllamy. Lond., 1818, &c., 4to, 
▼ols.1 to . 

Able reviews of Bellamy's translation have 
appeued in the Quart. Rev., Eclectic Review, 
Antii. Review, &c. &c. (1.) An Examination 
of Mr. Bellamy's Specimen of his Emendation 
of the Bible by Christopher Leo. Camb., 
1817, 8vo. (%) Reply to the Quarterly Re- 
riewjby John Bellamy. Lond., 1818, 8vo. 
* An m te mper ate pamphlet full of the strangest 
■od most glaring mconsistencies.' — Rev. J. W. 
Wbittaker. (3.; Historical and Critical In- 
jairy into tte Interpretation of the Hebrew 
Scriptarea, with Remarks on Mr. Bellamy's 
Kew Tmuation, with a Supplement, by J. W, 
WarrrjiKEa, A.M. Cambridge, 1 8 19-20, 8vo, 
12s. InthisehaxnateworkMr. Whittakerhas 
<ye d the ikkehood of many of Mr. Bellamy's 
MHiliuuu and his ignorance of the Hebrew lan- 
fuage. The work is divided into three chap- 
ta\ the first contains a short historical account 
af varioQS transl. of the Bible firom the ori^rioal 
Juguages j the investigation of certain miscel- 
woQs pomis, connected ather with the history 
of the niered text or the grammatical principles 
by which its interpreters have hitherto been 
jydt d, forms the substance of the second 
gptpter ; die third with the appendix is solely 
jeeupied by an enquiry into tne merits of Bel- 
OTs translation. (4.) Reasons in fitvour of 
a New Translation of the Holy Scriptures, by 
^ James Bland Burgbb, Bart London, 
1819, 8vo, 3f. (5.) Vindication of our autho- 
naed Traoriation and Translatoni of the Bible, 



in Answer to Obiactions of Mr. John Bellamy 
and Sir James Bland Burges, by the Rev. H. 
J. ToDD, MJL London, 1819, 8vo, 6s. In 
this able woHl Mr. Todd points out 'the high 
quaUficatioos of the authors of our received 
version for the task committed to them, and 
produces a mass of eminent authorities in favour 
of its general excellence.' (6.) Vindiciae He- 
braicae ; or a Defence of the Hebrew Scriptures, 
occasioned by the recent strictures and innova- 
tions of J. Bellamy, and in confutation of his 
attacks on all prcKcediog Translations, and on 
the Established Version in particular, by Hy- 
man Hunwrrz. London, 1820, 8vo, fit. In 
this work the learned Jewish teacher HurwiU 
has exposed Mr. Bellamy's mis-interpretations, 
and displayed the genial excellence of our 
authorized English Version. Coleridge ob- 
serves 'This latter and more endearing name 
(fellow-Christian), I scarcely knownow to 
withhold, even from my friend Hyman Hur- 
witz, as often as I read, his admirable Vindicis 
Hebraics. It has trembled on the verge, as it 
were, of m)r lips, every time I have conversed 
with that pious, learned, strong-minded, and 
sinffle-hearted Jew— an Israelite indeed, and 
without guile,' &c. (7.) Letter to Mr. Bel- 
lamy by Professor Lee. Cambridge. 1821. 
(8.) Critical Examination of the Objections 
made to the New Transhition, by John Bel- 
lamy. 

88. Popular Commentary on the Bible, 
by the Rev. James Plumtrb, B.D. 
Lond., 1827, 8vo, 2 vols., pubL at 26f. 

A series of sermons, following in the O. T. 
the course of the first lessons at morning and 
evening service on Sundays. 

89. Pentateuch. — R. Is. Abarbanb- 
Lis Comment, in Pentateuchum, cum 
Indicibus, edente H. J. Van Bashuy- 
SEN. Hanov., 1710, foL, 16*. 

Abarbenel or Abravanel flourished in the 
fifteenth century. His commentaries are much 
esteemed by the Jews, and are in some re- 
pute with the Christians, notwithstanding his 
enmity against Christianity. 

90. Jo. Drusii ad Loca difficiliora 
Pentateuchi Conmientarius. Franek., 
1617, 4to, 7s. 

91. £. F. C. RosENMULLBRi SchoUa 
in Pentateuchum. Lipsice, 1821-4, 8yo, 
3 vols., 36«. 

See col. 132, no. 82. (1) K. F. C. Ro- 
sen m u LLERi Scholia in Pentateuchum in Com- 
pendium redacta. lips., 1828, 8vo, 16«. 

91 a. An Exposition of the Penta- 
teuch, by Gerv. Babinoton, Bp. of 
Worcester. 

In his works, 

92. Annotations on the Trre Books of 
Moses, the Psalms, and the Song of 
Solomon, by Henry Ainsworth. Lon- 
don, 1639, fol., 311. 6d, 

Best edition of this laborious and valuable 
work. The learned Brownisthas given a literal 



135 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



136 



tnuofllatioiioftliebookf with4iiyioUtioiii. Ac- 
cording to Dr. Doddridge, it is ' • good book, 
full of very raliiAble Jewish lesming, and his 
translMion is, in many respects to be preferred 
to our own.' 

93. Commentary on the Five Books 
of Moeee, with a DiMertation concern- 
ing the Author or Writer of the said 
Books, and a general Argument to each, 
bv Rich. KiDDBR, Bp. of Bath and 
Wells. Lond., 1694, 8vo, 2 toIs., 9«. 

Kidder*s notes wert intended chiefly for 
families and unlearned persons. His dimerta- 
tion, and the introductbn to each of the books 
are uncommonly good^ and, says Orme, ' m- 
brace almost every tome of miportance relatoig 
to their respeotiye subjects' 

94. Critical and Practical Exposition 
of the Pentateuch, with Notes, and two 
Dissertations, on the Mosaic History of 
the Creation, and on the Destruction 
of the Seven Nations of Canaan [by 
— Jameson]. Lond., 1748, fd., 12f. 

This, says Orme, 'is in a great measure a 
compilation from various authors. Same of 
the notes are gopd *, but others are trifling.' 

95. New and Literal Translation from 
the original Hebrew of the Pentateuch 
of Moses, and of the Historical Books 
of the Old Testament to the end of the 
second book of Kings, with Notes, cri- 
tical and explanatory, by the Rev. Ju- 
lius Batb, London, 1773, 4to, 3U. 6d.; 
large paper, 42s. 

&te, by griming the Hebrew idiom too liter- 
ally ^has rendered his vendon neither Hebrew 
nor English. The notes are {uU of the peculi- 
arities of his system (that of Hutchinson), and 
discover no correct acquaintance witn the 
principles ofphilologyor enlightened criticism.' 

96. New Translation of the Penta- 
teudi, by Isaac Dkloado. Lond., 1789* 
4to, 5i. 

Orme obsenres that ' both the translatiott and 
the notes discover the influence cf Jewish pre- 
judices.* 

97. Extracts from the Pentateuch, 
compared with similar Passages from 
Greek and Latin Authors, with Notes, 
hy Edward Popham, D.D. Oxford, 
1801, 8vo« 41. 6d. 

As a book combining chmcal knowledge 
with that of divinity, and tending to conduct 
the reader from the one to the other study, these 
extracts are deserving of commendation. 

98. Lectures on the Four Last Books 
of the Pentateuch, designed to shew the 
Divine Origin of the Jewish Religion, 
chiefly from Internal Evidence, by 
Richard Gbavbs, D.D. Londoo, 1815, 
8vo, 2 vols., 14i. 



' The work of Dr. Graved is tnriy invslnaUe, 
and we cannot but strongly advise every stv« 
dent in divinity to get it u|> (as it is wBed), in 
preparing for his ordination.' — British Cntie 
for 1835. The late excellent Bishop Uovd, in 
his latter years, made it one of the text bodts 
of his private divinity lectures. It oouists of 
three panB,~1 , The Authenticity and lYudi tf 
the History; 2,TheTheoL, Moral, and PoGt 
Principles of the Jewish Law ; 3, A Review of 
Objections. (1.) Lond., 1807, 8vo, 3 vok., 
12«. (2.) TMrd Edition. Dublin. 1829, 8fo. 
(3.) An Edition. Dublin, 1836, Bvo, in 1 vol, 
publ. at 14s. 

99. Introductory Key to the first 
Four Books of Moses, by James Mori* 
SON. Perth, 1810, 8vo, 4«. 

An attempt to analyze these books, by exhi- 
biting their figurative nature^ and paiticuliriy 
to shew that the great deaurn of die thiafi 
recorded therein was— the sttrorings of Chnl, 
and the following gknry. 

100. Character of Moses established 
for Veracity as an Historian, recor£ng 
EvMits from the Craation to ^e Delnge, 
by the Rev. Jos. Townsbmd, M.A. Lm- 
don and Bath, 1813-5, 4to, 2 vok, 36i. 

The first volume contains a theological, phi- 
losophical and historical examination of the 
subject proposed, but the greater part of tbo 
won is devoted to geological invesCigatioBS, 
establishing the credibility of an univsnol 
deluge, and it is illustrated with plates, con- 
taining delineations of a ^rreat variety of raasli, 
ti^nprineipally from original speoioiens. The 
second is almost entarety i>hilQsopiiioal, bosg 
intended to confirm the historical aocomt m 
the dispersion of mankind from a angle origin, 
and to explain the manner in which the con- 
fusion of tongues must be snppoaed to have 
taken place. See Quarteriy Review, xiv,9S- 
1 12, and the Eclectic Reriew, z, 3SM9. 

101 . Pentateuch, or five Booksof Mosei 
illustrated, being an Explication of the 
Phraseology incorporated with the Text, 
by the Rev. S. Clapham. Londoii, 
1818, 12mo, 2a, 6d. 

An accepti^le substitnte for expensive con- 
mentaries: intended 'for the use of fismifiei 
and schools.' 

103. Hone Mosaics: or a Dlsatitsrion 
on the Credibility and Theologrofte 
Pentateuch, bv tieorge Stanley Fabbb, 
B.D. Second Edition, improved. Loo- 
don, 1818, 8vo, 2 vols., lOt. 

The substance of the &ffhi BampleD leetuieo. 
delivered by the author in 1001, b to be fbond 
in this work. 

103. Veracity of the Five Books of 
Moses argued from undesiffned Coin- 
cidences to be found in Ui«n, when 
compared with their Puts» by the Rev. 
J. J. Blunt. Lond., 1830, post 8vi^ 
publ. at 6«. 6<L 



137 



BIBUCAL COMMENTARIES. 



138 



n^yj iiiwwliii 



■ad ▼ilttble Miliet] fl. 
It Itti beBD frequently reprinted. 
(1.) Prin qpl a lor the proper Undewtindmg 
•f dK MoMie WritingB stated end appBed, br 
the RcT. J. J. Bloitt, B.D. Loodoo, 1833, 
lie. see eeL 80, no* It* 

104. Family Commentaiy on Portions 
d the Pttn t a i en chy in Lectures, with 
IV^cn adapted to the 8aUeet» by the 
kte Henry THonitTON, Aq., M. P. 
London, 1837» 8to, pnbL at 6t. 

105. Expos. Sennons on the Penta^ 
teodi, by the Bey. W. Tbistlb- 
TBWAin. London, 1837-8, 12mo, 
vok 1 and 3, pnbL at 6t. each. 

Tc be eonpleted in 4 Tob., eaefa toL con- 



V TW Rer. £. Bickerateth likewiaeinserts, 
■ winmimtiton on the Pentateuch, the names 
(ttkm from Bp. WiDuns and WalehiiM.) of 
ae fBOownv lathen and Refcrmers,— Bede, 
Cyiil, Giegorx, T h eodore t ; Chytnras, Jnaiiis, 



10(>. Genesis. — Genesis, cnm Catho- 
Bet Ezpoaitione Ecclesiastica A. Maa- 
untATi. 1563, folio. 

Marioratat* oommeotaries are exceedingly 
HliM, M an abridged coOeetion of the best 
wywriiM of the rdonncn on the books ex- 
rondsd, with his own remarks^— Bickerrteth. 

107. Petri Makttms in Cienesin 
C m mcD t arii, access, octo postrema Ca- 
piti hqns Libri, L. LAyATSRO interp.; 
MtM est Vita P. Mar^rris a J. Sim- 
LtadeKripta. Tignri, 1579, foL, 8#. 



106. Com m c ntari e oi John Calvin 
OS Genesis, transL by Tho. Tymme. 
London, 1578, 4to, 7s. W. 

109. Jac. BsocARni Mystica et Pro- 
pbet libfiGeneseos Interpretatio. Bre- 
nM585, 4to, lOs. 6d. 

iWaalW's method of explaininff the Scrip- 
^«M foadfrnand by the srnods of the U. 
^Wiaco^ and by the senate of Middleburg. 

109 a. Herm.yBNKMA Dissertationes 
^sinqae ad LBnmm Geneseos et Com- 
^Bcnt ad Gen. xlix, l^^T* Leovardiae, 
lyiT-SO, 4to, lOf . 

'TW eoamMatama of Veaema are held in 



no. Hexai^ in Genesin ; that is, a 
^^U Commentary upon Genesis, by 
A^AewWiLLET. Lonoon, 1608, foL, 7s. 
^. Orme observes, the works of Willet 
'vahable matter. He possessed a very 
acquaintance wi|n the Scriptnrcs, 
the laaguaMS in which they were 
^The R«y. E. Bidonteth obsenrcs, 
*"^^^rt ' compar e s the ▼arious Tersions. 
""■sidsess doctrines and moral o bse rr ati ona. 
(UAa Edition. London, 1632, foL, 9e. 

noa. Pkniolypsa, or the Ptimarie 



Precedent Presidentsont t»f the Book of 
Genesis, by W. Whatblt, whh lMd(d 
the Author by H. Scunnn, and a I^- 
trait. London, 1640, foL. 14s. 

W hately , in the opinion of the Rer. £. Biok- 
ersteth, is ' a practieal and useful writer.' and 
Orton pronounces the work to be ' full or mat- 
ter, 9ood sense, and extensive knowledge of 
human nature.' 

111. Commentarie on the First Three 
Chapters of Genesis, by John Whitk. 
London, 1656, fol., 14s. 

'If this book had prooaeded fromameaaer 
and more obscure hand, its own worth would 
have suffidendy pleaded for its esteem.' — Dr. 
Tho.Manton. 

113. Analytical Eznoation of Genesis, 
and of twenty-three Unapters of Exodus, 
dehyered in a Morning Exercise on the 
Lord's Day, by Georse Huohbs, B.D. 
of Plymouth. 1 673, fol., 30f . 

A learned work, ' whereio the various read- 
ings are observed ; the original text explained ; 
doubts resolved; Scriptures paralleled; tne scrip- 
ture ehronolognr from the creation of the world 
to the giving of the law at Mount Sinai cleared : 
and the whole illustrated by doctrines coUeded 
from the text' 

113. Obsenrations on Genesis i and 
Gleanings out of Exodus, by John 

LlOHTFOOT, D.D. 

In his coUec^ works, 8vo. Ormeobserves, 
' The observations on passages of Seriptore dis- 
cover the author's miaute attention to the Bibks ; 
thou^ they are act all so iaportaat or correct 
as might have been expeeted.' 

114. Berasketh, or the First Book of 
Moses, called Genesis, transL from the 
Original, by John Lookup, Esq. Loud., 
1740, Svo, 5s. 

A curious specimen of HutofaiuBonian the^ 
loory, in which Elohim is always translated 
'the Gods;' heaven, 'the names,' he. There 
are, savs Orme^ 'notwithstanding its general 
unoouthness, a few good renderings.' 

115. New English Trandation of 
Genesis, with mamnal Illustrations, and 
Notes critical and explanatory, by the 
Rey. Abraham Dawson. Lond., 1763, 
72, 86, 4to, 3 pts. in 1 yoL, 13s. 

Dawson, says Orme, ' denies the prophetical 
nature of Noah's prophecy, and the reference 
to the Messiah in the biessingof Abraham ; and 
seems to think, that the Mosaic account of 
various early occurrences is htde better than 
a piece of ancient mythology.' 

116. Conjectures sur ks M^moires 
Orifpnaux diont il paroit que Moyse s'est 
senri pour composer le Oyre de la Ge- 
n^ par Jean A[8Trdc]. Bmx., 1763» 
8yo, 5s. 

The Author affirms that he has disooversd 
indications of 13 documents from which Moses 
composed. His s^rrtem is examined by Fabricy 
in his Titres Priautiik 



139 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



140 



117. n Santo Libro della Genesi di- 
feso da' nuovi Assalti de* Modemi Liberi 
Pensatori, per Jacopo Bblli. Parma, 
1787, 4U}, 3 vols., 24s. 

A series of learned dissertationB, in which the 
objectionB of free-thinkers are ably refuted. 

118. Annotations upon Genesis, with 

Observations, doctrixud and practical, 

by the Rev. Tliomas Harwood. Lond., 

1789>8vo, 4s, 
A useful compilation from various authors. 

119. Sacred Literature, or [315] Re- 
marks upon Genesis, by James Franks, 
A.M. Lond., 1802, 8vo, 6s. 

This, a valuable compendium of biblical 
knowledge for diosewho cannot boast exten- 
sive libraries, is avowedly a selection from an- 
cient and modem writers, particularly Allix, 
Harmer, Wells, and a vanety of historians, 
travellers, commentators, and divines. 

120. Accord du Livre de la Gen^se 
avec la Gr^logie et les Monumens Hu- 
muns, par G. de Lapribe. Caen, 1803, 
8vo, 5*. 

121. Expository Discourses (58) on 
Genesis, interspersed with Practical Re- 
flections, by Andrew Fuller. London, 
1806, 8vo, 2 vols., lOs, 

* Chiefly intended for family use.' — Williams. 
His discourses, says Orme, ' are not criticad 
(for he was mostly a self-tauorht man) but they 
are shrewdj instructive, and touching.' I'he 
Rev. £. Bickersteth nronounoes them to be 
' judicious, evangelical, and practical.' 

122. New Version of the flrst three 
Chapters of Genesis, by John Jones 
[an Unitarian]. Lond., 1819» 8vo, 6s. 

'i'his work is said to be by Essenus. It is 
accompanied bv dissertations on the fall of man, 
the principle of evil, and the plagues of Egypt; 
besides strictures on Bellamy's translation, 
whom Jones partly opposes and partly vindi- 
cates. 

123. Lectures on the Book of Genesis, 
by J. RuDOB, D.D. Lond., 1823, 8vo, 
2 vols., I2s. 

124. Book of Genesis, considered and 
illustrated in a series of Historical Dis- 
courses, by the Rev. Francis Close, A.M. 
Lond., 1826, 8vo, Ss. 

An esteemed work. A third edition appeared 
in 1838, 12mo, 6f. 

125. Questions and Notes, critical and 
practical, upon the Book of Genesis, de- 
signed as a General Help to Biblical In- 
struction, by George Bush. New York, 
1832, 18mo. 

These annotations were originally undertaken 
for the use principally of Adult Bible Classes. 

126. Scriptural Commentarv on the 
Book of (Genesis and on the Gospel ac- 



cording to St. Matthew, comprinng the 
Sacred Text of these Books inth the 
most copious Marginal References in- 
nexed to each clause of each verse, in the 
words of Scripture, by the Rev. Chiriei 
Lambert Coghlan, D.D. London, 
1832, 8vo, 2 vols., publ. at 248. 

127. Literal Translation of the BcKik 
of Genesis, or a Substitution of Cngliih 
Characters for the Textual Letters of the 
original Hebrew. London, 1834, 8vo, 4f. 

The volume also contains a short Hebrew 
Grammar, showing how to proDooiieetheka- 
guage with or without using the points. 

128. Book of Genesis, with brief ex< 
planatory and practical Observatioiii and 
copious Marffmal References, by the 
Rev. R. Waldo Sibthorp, B.D. Lon- 
don, 1835, imper. 8vo, pubL 9XSs.6d. 

In this exposition the author attempts ' toex- 
plain, as briefly as possible, the true seme of the 
work of God/ and to give a brief spiritnsl sid 
practical improvement of the text He kH 
adopted the plan of a paraphrastic cowmwitify. 
placed in immediate juxta-position with tfai 
text, and forming a sort of marginal exphot* 
tion. 

129. Practical Remarks on the BoA 
of Genesis, by M. Murray. New Edi- 
tion improved. Dublin, 1838, 8vo,pabL 
at 7s. 6d. 

For familiar worship, with a prayer and hyma 
adapted to each chapter. 

130. Vindication of the Book of Ge- 
nesis, by the Rev. Fowler de Johnson ■• 
London, 1838, 8vo, pubL at lOt. 6d 

In this Dr. Buckland s ' objectionsto tbefirrt 
chapter of Genesb are met and answered.' 

*»* The Rev. £. Bickersteth also refcfsts 
Augustine, Chrysostome, Jerome, Origea issd 
to Gerhard, Luther, Rivet, Zuinglins, (£co- 
lampadius. 

131. Exodus. — Hexapla in Exodam*, 
that is, a sixfold Commentary upon the 
Book of Exodus, by Andrew Wiluct. 
London, 1608, fol., 7s. 

Reprinted in 1633, foL, di. See coL137, 
no. 110. 

131 a. Seb. Barradii Itinerariom 
FUiorum Israel et iEgypto in Tenun 
Depromissionis. Ant., 1621, foL, 7«. 

132. Exodus, a corrected Traaslatioo, 

with Notes critical and explanatory, bf 

Wm. Hopkins, B.A. London, I7^t 

4to, 5s. 

In cases of variation between the HefaRW 
and Samaritan copim the tninslator geocnlly 
prefers the latter. In his notes he reflects t>> 
verely on the articles and liturgy of the Chinvh 
of England. According to Orme the author* 
Socinian views are apparent, both in the preface 
and notes. 

133. Credibility of the Jewish Exodoi 



Hi 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



142 



drfmded against some Remarks of £d- 
wud ^boo, Esq., and the Edinburgh 
Reriewers, by the Rev. W. Cockburn, 
AJI. Lcrnd., 1809» cr. Svo, 38. 6d. 
A noeessfdl defence of the hi^ry of Exodus. 

\U. Christian Exodus, or the Deliver- 
mce of the Israelites from Effvpt, practi- 
oQj considered in a Series of Discourses, 
by the Rev. R. P. Buddicom, M.A. 
Loud., 1826, 8to, 2 vols., pubL at 2U, 

135. Questions and Notes, critical and 
pnctica], upon the Book of Exodus, by 
George Bush. New York, 1 832. 

De^^Bcd as a general help tolnbUcal instrac- 



13d. Practical Remarks on the Book 
of Exodus, by M. Murray. Dublin, 
1838, imbL at 7#. 6d. 

For nunily worship, with a prayer and hymn 
idipled to each chapter. 

%* The Rev. E, Bickersteth also refers to 
Eplpkanhts, Origen ; and to Chytneos, Rivet, 
Zvaffiw. 

136. Leviticus. — Istchii [Hesychii?^, 

Presb. HiersosoL, in Leviticum libri vu. 

BtiiL, 1527, foL, 7s. 

Thig author is soppoaed to have died a.d.609. 
Dr. Adam Clarke observes that in his Comment 
MUritieiia, he generally keeps close to the 
noBi BMaBing. 

137. Jo. LoRiNi Commentarii in Le- 
viticum. Ant., 1620, fol., 20*. 

Bsrt editioo. * Inter Levitici intorpretes, 
cam Romans addietos, Lorini omnino pri- 
»Ba kcam tenet.'— Walch. 

138. Lc L^vitiqae esmliqu^ d'apr^ les 
Textes Primitifs, par M. du Gontant de 
h MoLiTTB. Paris, 1785, 12mo, 2 vols., 
7i. 

Tht author pobtished similar works on Ge- 
■», Paris, 1777, 12iiio, 3 vols., 108.6rf.: and 
«,5»odiav Paris, 1780, 12mo, 3 vols., lOi. 6rf. 

Oathe Laws of Moses. See, pott, Jewish 
™*ry, Antiquities, &c. as connected with the 
owptwts. • 

TW Rev. E.Bickersteth also refeis to Cyril, 
"■^Ita; and to Chytneus. 

139. Numbers. — Jo. Lorini Com- 
ment m libmm Numerorum. Colon., 
««3. foL, 15#. 

140. Commentarie on the Booke of 
^vmbers, by William Attrrsol. Lon- 
*f, 1618, fol., 20s. 

la ottle estiniation. 
. *f*_J^ R«T. E. Bickersteth also refers to 
**"•«, Jerome; and to Chytneus. 

141. Deuteronomy. — Jo. Wolphii in 
y'toonomium Sermonum libri iv. 
«gwi, 1585, foL 

^42. Sermons sur le libre de Moyse, 
"woni^ Deuteronomie, par Jean Cal- 
^». Gen^e, 1567, Ic^ 



143. Jo. Lorini Comraantarii in 
Deuteronomium. Lugd. Bat., 1625, fol. 

144. Jac. Altingii in Deuteronomi- 
um Commentarius. 

In the second and third vols, of his works in 
folio. 

145. Camp. Vitringa Comment, ad 
Canticum Moses Deut. xxjdi, ciun Prole- 
gomena, edente H. Vsnbma. Harlin- 
gse, 1734,4to,4#. 

*** The Rev. £. Bickersteth also refiera to 
Gregory^ Nyssen, Augustine, Ambrose, Cyril; 
and to Gerhard, Luther, Franzius, Bugenha- 
gius. 

146. Historical Books. — Jo. Drusii 
ad Loca diffic. Joshuse, Judicmn, et Sa- 
muelis Commentarius. Franek., 1618, 
4to, 6s, 

147. Gasp. Sanctii in Libros Ruth, 
Esdrse, Nehemise, Tobise, Juctith, Esther, 
Machabeorum;Commentarii. Lugd., 1 628, 
fol. 

148. Jo. Henr. Michaelis, Jo^ Jac. 
Rambachii, et Chr. Ben. Michablib 
AdnotationesPhilologico-exegeticas. Ha- 
te, 1735-51, 4to, 3 vols., 3U. 6d. 

The notes to the 6rst book of Chronicles, the 
Psalms, the book of Job, and Song of Solomon 
were written by J. H. Michaelis ; Rambach 
was the author of those on the second book of 
Chronicles, Ruth, Esther, Nehemiah, and Ec- 
cleaastes j and those on Proverbs, the Lament, 
of Jeremiah, and Daniel were from the pen of 
C. B. Michaelis. 

150. £. F. C. RosBNMULLERi Scholia 

in Libros Historicos. Lips. 1833 5, 8vo, 

vols. 1 and 2, 20s, 

These vols, contain Joshua, Judges, and 
Ruth. See col. 132, no. 82. 

151. Joshua. — Josuie Imperatoris 

Historia illustr. atque explicata ab Aji- 

drea Masio. Anti., 1574, fol., 15*. 

'Opus eruditum ac rarum.*— Walch. It 
contams the readings of the Syriac Hezaplar 
version. Masius' work will be found in the 
Critici Sacri. 

152. Cosmse Maoaliani in Sacram 
Josue Historiam Commentarii. Tur- 
noni, 1612, fol., 2 vols. 

153. Seb.ScHMiDii Comment, in octo 
priores Libros Josuse, una cum Annot. 
m Jesaiam. Hamb., 1695, 4to, 12*. 

Highly praised by Watch. 

164. Commentarie of John Calvin 
on the Book of Josue, transl. by W. F. 
Loud., 1578, 4to, 7s, 6d, 

155. C. H. van Hbrwrrdrn Dispu- 
tatio de libro Josuse. Gron., 1 828, 8 vo. 

' De diversis ex quibus constat Josus liber 
monumentis, deque SBtate qua eorum vizerunt 
auctores.' 

*•* The Rev. E. Bickenteth also refers to 



143 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



144 



AiifiMCfaM, Origen, Theodofet ; ftiid to Brentiiu, 
ChytnBU*, LaTater. 

156. Jadgea. — ^Mart. Buckbi Com- 
mentariuB in libmm Jadicom Commen- 
tariua. Apod. Rob. Stephaaum, 1654, 
fol. 

At the end ef Buoer'i Tenum of the PMlms. 

157* Petri Martyris in librum 
Judicum Commentarii, cum Tractatione 
perutili Remm et Locorom. Tlguri, 
1561, foL, 9S' 

Reprinted Tiguri, 1571, and 1582, foL, each 
9i. ; again Heideli., 1609, fol., di. 

158. Liber Jodicum Homiliia cvii. ex- 
poeitua a Ludov. Lavatrro. Tiguri, 
1585, fol. 

159. Ben. Arii MoNTANi Commenta^ 
riua in Librum Judicum. Antv., 1592, 
4to. 

160. J. A. OsiANDRi Comment, in li- 
brum Judicum. Tubing., 1682, foL 

'Inter optimaB Ubri hvgua interpretationes 
numerandns est' — Walch, 

161. Seb. ScHMiDii Comment, in Li- 
brum Judicum. Argent., 1706, 4to, 
15#. 

'Pnedamm est oims hoc, immd omnhim 
eomroent, onoe nostntes oonscripierunt, prin- 
eeps. ■" Walch. 

162. The Song of Deborah, reduced 
to Metre, with a New Tranalation and 
Commentar7,by William Grrrn. Cam., 
1753, 4to. 

Green'i translations are, says Onne, 'rerj 
accurate and elegant specimens of bibtical in- 
terpretation. The notes discover much good 
taste and sound criticism.' 

163. MieceUaneoua DiaaertationB aria- 
ing from the l7th and 18th Chiq)ter8 of 
Judgea, by John Colrridor. Lond., 
1768, 8vo, Zs. 6d. 

A new translatioo of the above chaptm, 
with critical remariis, &c. 

%* The Rev. £. Bickenteth also refers to 
Augustine, Bede, Theodoret; and to Buoer, 
Chytneus. 

164. Ruth.— Hiatona RuOi, ez Ebneo 
Latine cum Commentario ; ejusdem His- 
torisBTranal. Gr. ad Exempla^. Complut., 
et NotflD in eandem, open Jo. Drusii. 
Amat., 1632,4to, 6f. 

166. Jo.Bened.CARPzoviiCoUanum 
Rabbinico-biblicum in Libdlum Ruth. 
Ldpain, 1703, 4to, \28, 

This work contains the Hebrew text, the 
Tarrom, the great and little Masora, four 
Rabmoical commentaries with Latin venieiis, 
and learned and copious notes. It will, says 
Cabnet, be found usefol to those learning He- 
brew, and will serve ss an introduction to 
the reading of the RriAwnieal writers. 



166. liber Ruth dnplid Inteip. ilhii. 
tratna, r — Wrrnrr. Hamb., 1766, 
4to, 6«. 

167. Comment on Ruth, bTT[hoiDas] 
F[ullrr], B.D. Lond., 1654, Sto^Si. 

168. Diacouraea on Rnthy&cbjtiM 
Rev. John Macoowan. LondMi, 17S1, 
8vo, 6f . 

169. Lecturea on the Book of Rotli, 
by George La wsoN, D.D. EdiDb.,1805, 
12mo, 4#. 

'A large fund of sentimeat, aatanlly dmn 
from thesul^ieot, and happQy applied; Isagvige 
perfectlyunadomed, but suffictently ex^temn ; 
earnestness to produce the best impreMQiii. ud 
to turn ewerj thing to practical use, sppctr ii 
every pige.' — Ecleotic Reriew. 

%* The Rer. £. Biekersteth sho lefen to 
Bede,Theodoret; and to Brenduf, Chytraos, 
Larater, Mercer. 

170. 1 and 2 SamueL— Grioobii 
Magni Enarrationea in primum Samne&i 
Librum. 

In the second toL of this Father's wofb. 

171. Petri Martyris in diios libroi 
Samuelia Prophetse CoomieDtanL Ti- 
guri, 1575, foL, 8#. 

172. Jo.Calvini Homili«inLifarai 
Samuelia, uti et Concionea in librttn 
Jobi. Amat., 1667, foL, 15*. 

173. Craap. Sanctii in qoatnorLflnoi 
Reffum et duoa Paralipomenon Cofames- 
tani. Ant., 1624, foL 

174. J. A.08IANDRI Commentinli- 

broa Samuelia. Stutg., 1687, fol 

'Exhibens sacrum cum ezegest textsm, kc- 
tionum yarietatem,' &c. 

175. Seb. ScHMiDii Comment, iali- 
broa Samuelia, exhibens ad singnbi Li- 
lm>rum Capitis Veraionem Teztoi He- 
brei Latinam, Analjrain, Adnotatioaei, 
&c Araent., l687-9> 4to. 2 Toii, SU. 

* Inter Chorum Samuefis interprets^ Sdmi- 
dhis prinoeps est, haaoque dignitateai jars tse- 
tur.'-Walch. ^^ 

176. Harmony of the Pint and Saooad 
Books of Samud, by Andrew Willit. 
London, 1614, foL, 7#. 

177. Throne of Daiid, or Ezpoiitkm 
of the Second Book of Sanrael, oy ^^ 
Ham Guild, D.D. Oxford. 1659, 4to, 

7#. 
' Wher^ is set down the pattene of ipioss 

and pmdcnte prince, and a dear type of Ja» 
Christ.' The work, according to Onns, v» 
edited by Dr. John Owra. 

*•* llie Rev. £. Bickerstedi also rdb« ts 
Jepome, Ambreee, Origen, Theodoret ; tad tt 
Brentius, Bugenhagiue. 



145 



BIBUCAL COMMENTARIES. 



146 



178. 1 and *2 Kings. — Melachim, id 
Mt, Regum Libri duo posteriores, cum 
Comment. P. Martyris in primum to- 
tom et 8€cundi priora xi Capita, et Jo. 
WoLPHii Tiffunni in secnndi xiv ultima 
QfBta. Heidelb., 1599, fol, I2s. 

A ianaer edition, Tiguri, 1581, fol., \2s. 

179. Seb. ScuMiDii Adnotationes in 
libros Regnm. Argent^ 1 697, 4to, 8«. 

Sdunidius, w a commentator, is highly ex- 
tolled hj Walch. 

160. Commentatio ad Elegiam Davidis 
in Stulom et Jonathanem, auctore Ant. 
Henr. Park a u. Gron., 1829, 4to, 7s. 

HwworiL is divided into three paita— the Ist 
coBlBiu an examination of the eUgj; the 2d, 
a exegetical interpretation ; and the 3d is de- 
voted to a oompariaon of it with other elegies, 
Hebreir, Oriental and Greek. 

181. Naaman the Syrian, bis Disease 
tad Core, Lectures on 2 Kings, ch. 5, y. 
9-15, by Daniel Rogkrs. Lond., 1642» 
fbL,10t. 

Rofcn, mji Fuller, was ' one of vast parts.' 
Y The Her. E. Bickersteth also reiers to 

AiBbr«e,Origen, Theodoret; and to Brentius, 

Mutyr, Bogenhaigias. 

182. 1 and 2 Chronicles. — ^Par^)hra- 
m Chaldaica 1 et 1 1 Libri Chronicorum, 
elM.T. Bkckio,cujus etiam Vers. Lat. 
et in illam Notae simul prodeunt. Aug. 
Vind.. 1680, 4to, 12#. 

'Liher hie ita qoidem oomparatns est, ut 
■qofem tttilitatem criticis, quam S.S. interpre- 
tibw preheat,* &c— Walch. 

Pvaphrasis Chaldaica in lib. prior, et poster. 
Clnonieonmi, auctore Rabbi Josepuo, cum 
Tm. Lat a Dar. Wilkihs. Cant. 1717. vel 
ABMt 1725, 4Co, 40s. See col. 7, no. 4 (1.). 

183. Lud. Lavatsri Comment, in 

Ijbnua Paralipomenon, cum Tabula de 

<>aealogia Christi, etc. Heid., 1599, 

foL,10t.6dL 

Comnended by Walch. 
S«coLl44,no. 173. 

*«* The Rev. £. Bickersteth also refers to 
'Svae, Theodoret ; and to Zanchius. 

184. Exra. — Jo. Wolphii in Esdram 
Owmnentarn. Ilguri, 1584, fol., ISs. 

185. Liber Esdre, Argumentis et 
SAoliig Victor. Strigblii. Lips., 
»572, 8vo, 6*. 

186. A. 6. F. Schirmkr Observa- 
^wea Exe^etico-criticae in Librum Es- 
tae. VratuL, 1820, 4to, 2#. 

187. Remarks on E«ra, by W. Pbm- 
BLi. London, 1635, foL 

ia bis works. 

* * The Rer. £. Biekersteth also refers to 



Be£; 



■ad to Brentius. 



188. Nehemiah. — Nebemias instau- 
rata Hierosolyma, sive in Neheroise Li- 
brum Commentaria Jo. Wolphii. Ti- 
guri, 1570, fol., 7*. 

189. Liber Nehemise, Argumentis et 
Scboliis Victor. Strigblii. Lips., 
1572, 8vo, 6s. 

*«* The Rev. E. Bickerrteth also refers to 
Bede ; and to Brentius, Lavater. 

190. Esther. — Esther, ex Interpr. S. 
Pagnini, et J. Drusii in earn Annota- 
tiones. Luff. Bat., 1586, 8vo, 5s. 

* Cuncta Drusii scripta eruditis in pretio 
sunt.* — Buddeus. 

191. Esthers Historia Poet. Paraph. 

idque Gr. Carmine, cui Versio Lat. 

opponitur, exomata, una cum Annot. 

Crrsecis, authore Josua Barnbs. Lond., 

1679, 8vo, 4*. 

Barnes in his prefoce observes, that he found 
it much easier to write in Greek, than in Latin 
or English, consequently all his notes are in 
Greek. 

192. J. B. Db Rossi Specimen Var. 
Lect. S. Textus et Chald. Estheris Ad- 
ditamenta, cum Lat. Vers, ac Notis. 
Romce, 1782, 8vo, 7s. 6d, 

193. Churches Deliverance, containing 
Meditations and Short Notes upon the 
Booke of Hester, by Thomas Coopbb. 
Lond., 1609, sm. 4 to, 7s. 6d. 

194. Discourses on the Book of Es- 
ther, by George Lawson, DS>. Se- 
cond Edition. Edinb., 1809, 12mo, 

3*. 6rf. 

Intended for the instruction of Christians in 
the OTdinary walks of life. The style is plain, 
and the illustrations generally very brief.— 
Orme. ' The most striking feature of the dis- 
courses is the sreat abundance of practical re- 
marks which they contain.'— Eclectic Review. 

195. Lectures on the Book of Esther, 
by the late Thomas M'Crib, D.D. 
E!dinb., 1838, fsc 8vo, 5#. 

*»* The Rev. £. Biekersteth also refers to 
Brentius, Lavater. 

196. Poetical Books. — Jo. Mbrcbri 
in Jobum, Salomonis Proverbia, Ecde- 
siasten, et Canticum Canticorum Com- 
mentArii. Lug. Bat., 1651, fol., I2s. 

This commentary is highly commended by 
Walch, Calmet, and others. 

197. Davidis aliorumquae Poetarum 
Hebrseorum Carminum Libri V, e Cod. 
mss. et ant. Version, recensuit et Com- 
ment. iUustravit Jo. Aug. Stark. Re- 
giom., 1776, 8vo, vol. 1, pts. 1 & 2, 7s. 6d. 

No more published. The two parts contain 
an introduction to the Psalms. 

L 



147 



REUGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



148 



198. Jo. Christ Dobdbrlein Scho- 
lia in libros V. Testamenti Poeticos, Jo- 
bum, Psalmos, etTres Salominis. Hale, 

1779, 4to, 9s, 
See col. 131, no. 78. 

199. Exposition of the whole of the 
Psalms, Proverbs, Canticles, and Part 
of the Romans, by Tho. Wilcock. 
London, 1624, fol., lbs, 

200. Annotations on Five Poetical 
Books of the O. T., viz. Job, Psalms, 
Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Canticles, 
by Edward Lsioh. London, 1657, fol., 
6s, 

201. Divine Philosophy: the Books 
of Job, Proverbs, and Wisdom, with 
explan. Notes by Z. Isham, D.D. Lon- 
don, 1706, 8vo, 5s, 

202. Paraphrase, with Notes, on the 
Books of Job, Psalms, Proverbs, and 
Ecclesiastes, by Lawrence Holden. 
Lond., 1763, 8vo, 4 vols., 105. 

This, the work of an Unitarian dissenting' 
minister, is, in the opiniou of Orme. ' one of 
the wurst specimens m the Eng^lish language 
of paraphrastic interpretation.' 

203. Critical Remarks on the Book of 
Job, Proverbs, Psalms, Ecclesiastes, and 
Canticles, by David Durell, D.D. 

Oxford, 1772, 4to, 7s. 6d. 

Dr. Durell contends for the modem origrin 
of the book of Job, thinks that the Son^ of 
Solomon is an epithalamium on the marriage 
of Solomon with Pharaoh*s daughter, considers 
the imprecative Psalms merely as the workings 
of the natural passions of the writers, and is an 
advocate for a new translation of the Scriptures. 
— Orme. 

204. Poetical Parts of the Old Testa- 
ment, newly transl. from the Hebrew, 
with Notes, critical and explanatory, by 
William Green, M.A. Lond., 1781, 

4to, 6s, 

These translations, says Orme, * are, in ge- 
neral, very accurate and elegrant specimens of 
biblical interpretation — the notesdiscover much 
good taste and sound criticism.' 

205. Devotional Comments on Job, 
the Psalms, and the Prophets, by Mrs. 
Stevens. London, 1832, 8vo., publ. at 
lOs, 6d, 

An esteemed work. 

On the poetry of the Hebrews, see coL 96, 
no. 90. 

206. Job. — Liber Jobi, cum Interpr., 

See coL 15, nos. 24 and 25. 

(1.) Ultima Capita Jobi Heb. ad Gr. Vers, 
recenaita, Nutis instnicta £. F. Grevs ; accedit 
'rractatus de Metris Hebraicis. Davent., 1788, 
4to, 18s. 



207. Catena Gnecorum Patrom in 
Beatum Job, coUectore Niceta Hei»- 
clese Metropolita, opera et studio Patr. 
JuNii. Lond., 1637> fol., lOs. 

llie observations of Bp. Warbuitoo on Job*f 
commentators are somewhat charadeitftic, 
says Orrae, of the several writers. * Poor Job ! 
... He was first bound to the stake by a loof 
catena of Greek Fathers; then tortured by 
Pineda ; (hen strangled by Caryl ; and after- 
wards cut up by Wesley, and anatomized by 
Garnett. . . . One Hodges, a head of Oxfiord, 
now threatens us with a new aoto da fe.' 

208. Grboobii Magni Expos. Mo- 
rales in Librum Job. 

In the first vol. of this fathoms works. 

209. Philippi Presbjteri in Histo- 
riam Jobi Commentarionim Libri tres. 
Basil., 1527» foL, 7s, 6d. 

Philip was a dudple of St. Jerome, aad 
flourished a.d. 440. 

210 Jo. Calvini in Libmm Jobi 
Conciones. Geneve, 1593, foL, 7«-6dl 

Calvin, says Dr. Doddridge, ' has a maki- 
tude of judicious thoug^hts.* (1.) SeimonsupoD 
the Booke of Job, transL out of the French oi 
John Calvin, by Arthur Goi.dino. LomL 
1574, fol., 18s. Reprinted in 1584. fbl., I8«. 

211. Job expounded, partly in man- 
ner of a Commentary, partly in manner 
of a Parapbrase, by Theodore Bbza. 
London, 1589> 8yo, 15s. 

RepriDted 1600, &c. ' Pithy and weighty, 
like Beza's other works.' — Bickersteth. 

211 a. Jo. de PiNBDA Comment, in 
Job Libri tredecim, adj. sing, capit. sua 
Paraphrasi, quae et longioris Commra- 
tarii summam continet. Colon., 1513-4, 
fol., 2 vols., ISs, 

212. Jo. (EcoLAMpADiiinJobnm et 
Danielem Exegemata. Genevte, 1567* 
fol., ISs. 

213. Jo. Mercbri Coounentarii in 
Librum Jobi. Geneve, 1 573, foL 

See col. 146, no. 196. 

214. Jo. Drubii Nova Versioet Sdio- 
lia in Jobum. Amst., 1636, 4to, 5s, 

215. Cbr. ScHULTBTi Analysis Tf- 
pica in Jobum. Stetini, 1647, foL, I2s. 

* Liber eruditis multum se commendavit.*— 
Walch. 

216. Seb. ScHMiDii Comment, in 
Librum JobL Argent., 1670, 4to, I2s, 

Highly praised by Walch. 

217. J. J. HoTTiNOERi Libri Jobi 
Analysis. Tiguri, 1689> 8vo, 6s, 

218. Dissertationes et Conjectural in 
Librum Jobi, autore Sam. Wbslby. 
Lond., 1736, fol., 9*. 

The author, says Onne, * possened consi> 



149 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



150 



dcfaUe kmrmng, wad some poetical talent; 
list oeitber his conjectures nor bis illustrations 
tlurow much light on this ancient poem/ A 
portrait of the patriarch in his honour is pre- 
fiied. In the opinion of the Kev. T. H. Home, 
Wesley's 53 elaborate dissertations embrace al- 
BOBt every critical question. 

219. Obsenrationes MisceDaneas in 
libmm Jobi [auctore D. R. Bouil- 
libr]. Amst., 1758, Svo, 5^. 

The author censures Schultens' system of 
ezpbimng^ the Hebrew words and idioms, 
ebeBy by the aid of the Arabic 

220. Jo. Jac. Rbiskb Conjectune in 

Jobmn et Proverbia Salomonis. Lips., 

1779, sm. 8vo, 4a. 6d. 

Muxf of these conjectures, says Orme, ' are 
iafeniooBy some are unnecessary, and others 
lie trifling.' Subjoined is an oration on the 
stady of Arabic 

221. Jo. Henr. Pa re a u Commentatio 

de Immortalitatis ac Vitse Futurse No- 

titiis ab antiquiss. Jobi scriptore in suos 

nnu adbibitis. Davent., 1807, 8yo, 6s. 
An esteemed work,—' accedit Sermo Jobi de 
Sapientia mortuis magris co^rnita (juam vivis ; 
fire Jobeidis caput xxviii, philologice et critice 
luastrBtam.' 

222. Henr. Middlbdorpp Curse 
Hexaplares in Jobum, e Codice Syriaco- 
Heiaplari Ambrosiano Mediolanensi. 
Vratiri., 1817, 4to, 5*. 

Aa esteemed work. Seeool. 31,no. 24. 

223. E. F. C. RoaiNMULLERi Scho- 
Sa in Jobmn. Ldp8., 1824, 8vo, ISs. 

See col 132, no. 82. (1.) £. F. C. Rosen- 
MI7LUBI Schoha in Jobum, in Compendium 
Rdacta. Ups., 1832, 8vo, 9s. 

224. The Book of Job, transl. from 
the Hebrew, with Annotations, Argu- 
ments and Dialogues on each chapter, by 
Hugh Broughton. 

In his collected Works. 

225. Exposition, with Practical Ob- 
•sfationB, on the Book of Job, by Jo- 
seph Cartl. London, 1649-69, 4to, 
IStoIs., S2s. 6d, 

The author, who was an eminent Noncon- 
iBRBist mmister, died in 1672-3. Dr. £. WU- 
taoM ch ar ac te ris es his Exposition as ' a most 
<iaborste, learned, judicious, and pious work : 
coBtsimng a rich rand of critical ajid practical 
<&Tinity.' Orme, in his notice of this most 
ponderous of expositions, observes, ' while I do 
jvtiee to the piety and feelings of the writer 
{Ctrrl), I cannot approve of a mode of treat- 
ng the word of Goa, which partakes more 
• entombing tluin of exhibiting it' (1.) An- 
other, with a Portrait London, 1676, fol., 2 
yk , d2f. 6d. Best edition. (2.) Extracts 
from Caryl on Job, bv John Berrie. 18mo,3s. 
la die opinion of the Rev. E. Bickersteth, 
Ciryrs exposition of Job is ' spiritual, practical, 
od evangelied.' 



226. Exposition of the Book of Job, 
by George HuTCHESON, Minister of the 
Gospel at Edinburgh. London, 1669> 

fol., 79. 6d, 

Hutcheson's writings, according to Mr. 
Orme, are very excellent pieces of compoa- 
tion, as doctrinal and practical works. His 
Exposition, says Dr. E.Williams, 'is the sum of 
316 expository lectures preached at Edinburgh, 
and a work of considerable merit His method 
is perspicuous, and his observations founded 
on the text are judicious and profitable.' 

227. The Grand Tryal, or Poetical 
Ezercitations upon the Book of Job, by 
William Clark. Edinb., 1685, foL 

A very liberal and respectably executed 
paraphrastic version— the common English 
translation is given on the margin. — Orme. 

228. Dissertation on the Book of Job, 
to which is prefixed an introd. Discourse, 
with a short Analysis of the Book, by 
John Garnbtt, Bishop of Clogher. 

Lond., 1742, 4to, 5s. 

The Bishop contends that the book is an alle- 
gorical drama written by Ezekiel subsequent 
to the Babylonish captivity. (1.) Second Edi- 
tion. Lond., 1754, 4to, 6s. 

229. Elihu, or an Inquiry into the 

principal Scope and Design of the Book 

of Jot), by Walter Hodges, D. D. 

Lond.) 1750, 4to, 4s. 

The chief desi^ of this cnirious work is to 
show that Elihu is the son of God — the whole 
book abounds in Hutchinsonian reveries. 
(1.) Third Edition. Lond., 1756, 12mo, 3f. 
(2.) An Edition. DubUn, 1756, 8vo, 3«. 6d. 

230. Essay towards a new English 
Version of tne Book of Job, from the 
original Hebrew, with a Commentary 
and some Account of his Life, by 
Thomas Heath, of Exeter. London, 

1756, 4to, 6*. 

This, occasioned by the Warburtonian con- 
troversy, is a prose version — ^the notes, accord- 
ing to Orme, ' discover considerable acquaint- 
ance with sacred criticism, and the numerous 
writers on this difficult book.' Heath supports 
the hvxrathesis of its having been written at or 
after tne captivity. 

231. Critical Dissertation on the Book 
of Job, by Charles Peters, A.M. Lond., 
1751, 4to, 6s. 

This valuable book, according to Onne, 
' contains a large portion of critical learning, 
and throws much light on all the subjects 
which it investigates. Besides illustrating the 
poem, roan^ passages of the Hebrew Scrip- 
tures are critically examined and explainea ; 
and the views of a future state which were 
entertained by the Jews fully inquired into.* 
(1.) Second Edition, corrected, with a long 
Preface. Lond., 1757, Bvo^ 5«. This volume 
contains a valuable collection of materials for 
a commentary on, and an able defence of the 



151 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



152 



antiquity and evang. meaning of, the Book of 
Job. 

232. Ck>mineDtaiy on the Book of 
Job» in which are inserted the Hebrew 
Text and English Trandation, 8cc., by 
Leonard Chappelow, B.D. Cam- 
bridge, 1752, 4to, 2 vols., ISs. 

Chappelow is a disciple of Schultens, to 
whose learned work he is indebted for much of 
his criticism. His paraphrase, says Orme, ' is 
exceedingly diffuse, but the sentiments in 
general pretty much accord with the usual in- 
terpretation of the text' H e maintains ihat an 
Arabic poem was written by Job himself, and 
that it was modelled by a Hebrew at a later 
period. 

233. Book of Job, in English Verse, 
translated from the original Hebrew, 
with Remarks historical, critical and 
explanatory, by Thomas Scott, of Ips- 
wich, B.D. Lond., 1773, 8vo., 5s, 

The notes display much research and good 
sense. The author was a learned Arian dis- 
senting minister, who died in 1775. His per- 
formance is valuable in a double capacity, as a 
transl., and a learned and elab. commeotaryon 
that valuable part of the O Id Testament. The 
6rHt edition appeared in 1771, 4to, 6s. 

234. An improved Version attempted 
of the Book of Job, with a preUminary 
Dissertation, and Notes critical, histo- 
rical and explanatory, by Charles Gar- 
den, D.D. Oxford, 1796, 8vo, 3*. 

In no estimation. 

235. Book of Job metrically arranged 
according to the Masora, and newly 
transL into English ; with Notes critical 
and explanatory, accompanied, on the 
opposite page, bv the authorised Eng- 
lish Version, by Jos. Stock, Bishop of 
Killala. Bath, 1805, 4to, 12^. 

Abp.Magee. in an extended critiijue on this 
version, desohoes it as * executed with a haste 
that nothing can excuse, abounding with 
errors both of reasoning and interpretation, 
presuming upon slight and fancied tneories to 
new-mould the original text, and an entire 
congeries of precipitances, mistakes, and muti- 
lations.' 

236. Book of Job, transl. from the 

Hebrew, by Elizabeth Smith, with a 

Prefieu;e and Annotations by the Rev. 

F. Randolph, D.D. Bath, 1810, 

Svo, 5*. 

A|rood Englbh version, produced chiefly by 
the aid of Parkhurst's Lexicon, in which, says 
Orme, ' almost all the peculiar renderings of 
Miss Smith's version wul be found.' It ' con- 
veys more of the true character and meaning 
of the Hebrew, than any other translation 
whatever that we possess.' — Abp. Magee. 

237. Book of Job, literally transl. 
from the Hebrew, with Notes and an 



introductory Dissertation, by Joha 

Mason Good, M.D. London, 1811, 

Svo, 9s. 

The most valuable work on Job is the 
English tonp^— no work of criticism in the 
language afiords, says (hme, such a displtT of 
acquaintance with ancient and modoii mh^ 
guages. An able critique on the verooatp- 
peared in the Eclectic Review for F^ 1816. 
to this Dr. Good replied, which led toait- 
joinder in the Dec. number for 1816. 

238. Le Livre de Job, par J. Louii 
Bbidbl. Paris, 1818, 8vo, 7s. 6d. 

* IVaduit d'apies le teste original mo 
ponctu^, et les anci^mes veisiotts, notaroment 
r Arabe et la Syriaque.' 

239. Book of Job, transL from die 
Hebrew, by George Hunt. Bath, 1625, 
8vo. 

240. New Translation and Exposition 
of the verv antient Book of Job, witii 
Notes, explanatory and philological, by 
the Rev. John Fry, B.A. Lond., 1827. 
8vo, 10*. 

241. Amended Version of the Book 

of Job, with an Introduction and Notes, 

chiefly explanatory, by George R. 

No YES. Cambridge [N. America], 

1827, 8yo,6tf. 

The basis is our authorised translation, into 
which have been incorporated many impottsiA 
suggestions of later critics, lexicograpben, sw 
divines. 

242. Book of Job, in the words of 
the Authorised Version, arranged and 
pointed in general conformity with the 
Masoretical Text [by — Laurkncb]. 
Dublin, 1828, 8vo, 5s. 

An excellent notice of this work appeared io 
the Christian Examiner, vol. x. Its priaciptl 
feature is the adoption of what the editor calls 
a half-pause in each line of everr verse, mhkk 
he has marked by a dot, placed, like the Greek 
colon, at the top of the last letter of ibe word 
to which it is affixed. 

%* The Rev. £. Bickerstelb refers also to 
Angostin, Origea, Ambrtee, Theodoret ; and 
to firentius, Bucer, GEcolampadius. 

243. Psalms. — libri Psalmorum, com 
Comment., &c. 

See cols. 16, 17.noa.26to29; col.31,no.2&; 
coL36,noa.38aiid3». 

244. Rabbi Day. Kimchii Commeo- 
tarii in Psalmos Davidis^ ex ilebneo La- 
tine redditi ab And. Janvikr, Benedic- 
tino. Paris., 1666, 4to, 9s. 

This Rabbi flourished towards the cloie of 
tlie 12th century— his commentaries aie held in 
estimation by the Jews. 

245. EusEBii Pamphili Caesar. Com- 
ment. in Psalmos ; et Athanasii At- 



IS3 



BIBLICAL CX)MMENTARIES. 



guiiKWfmn et SuppL Commentarii in 
Fnlmos, Gr. et Lat 

la the fint and aecood vok. of the Collectio 
Neva Patnim. 

(L) S. HiLARu Commentariug in Psalmos 
et m ETanffefium Mattluei. In the various edi- 
tWB» of HDai7*s works. 

(% ) Aur. Avousn n i, Hippon. Eptac., Enarr. 
in Psafanoe. In the eighth voL of his works. 

(3.) Ven.BBj>jcinP8ahnonimLibrumCom- 
BKDtaria. in his woriis. 

(4.) EuTHVMii Zigabeni Monachi Com- 
■eatara in Psahnos, Or. et Lat. In the fourth 
volame of the works of Theophyhictus, printed 
tt Venice in 1763. (6.) Evtmymu Mon. 
Zifab. Commentationes in Psahnos, Lat. con- 
«f» per Phil. Saulun, Lpisc Brugnat. 
VatMMTj 1530. fot 

(6.) S. BauNOMsinPsahnosDavidicosEx- 
pOBtio. In bis works. 

246. Apollinarii Interpretatio Psal- 
momm Versibas Heroids, Gr. et Lat. 
Heidelb., 1596, 8vo, 3*. 6rf. 

ApolhBanns, Bp. of Laodioea, flourished in 
the fourth century. (1.) Idem, Grsce. Paris, 
1580, 8to. 

247. Jo. de TURRBCRBMATA Expo- 

eitio super tofl> Psalterio. Per Jo. 
Sdmaskr Cit. Aug. impressa [circa 
1470], foL, 30#. 
Puner emtmerates other editions. 

248. Petri de Harbntals Expoaitio 

PiilteriL Paris., 1504, 4to. 15*. 

*£x divonii sanctorum codicibus, viz. Au- 
fo^, Hieronymi, Gregorii, Cassiodori, Hu- 
gooisde Sancto Victore, Nioolai de Lyra, et 
cduuuui, industrioee coUecta.' 

249. LuDOLPHiCarthusiensisiiiPsal- 
terinm Expoaitio. Paris., 1506, sm. foL, 
lOf. 

indolnh was Prior of Strasburg in 1330. 
Cave|ttyjeg him 'Scriptor verc pius, et supra 
sMali flti sortem elegans.' 

250. Dion, a Rickbl Commentario- 
mm Opus in Psalmos David., et in 
Hvnoioi Ecclesiasticos. Ck)lon., 1531, 

251. M. LuTHBRi in Psalmos Com- 
mentarii. 

Of Uitber*8 commentaries, those on G alatians 
ttd the Padms are most celebrated. Luther's 
Maul on the Psalms is, savs Cole, ' a con- 
y-w l conveyance of the subject matter of 
^rery psalm, and of the mind and design of the 
Jwy ipirit therein.' <l.) Mart. Luthehi in 
Macs Operationes. BasU., 1521, fol., 12*. 
^* ') A Commentary on the Book of Psalxns, by 
Jtain LviBER, transL by the Hev. Henry 
Con, MA. London, 1837, fee. 8vo, 5$. 

252. Jo. BuGBNBAOii in Psalmonmi 
LibnM Interpretatio. 1524, fol., 42f. 

Ta tint work are affixed prefaces by Luther 
M Melancthon. John Uugenhagen, some- 
^BO edkd Pomeranus, from the place of his 
°v(k, irgisltd Luther in his translation of the 



154 

Bible, and the day on which that work was 
finished, he was in the habit of rerarding as a 
festival, calling it the * Feast of the Transhition.' 
He died in 1558, at the age of 73. 

253. Psalmi ad Hebr. Verit. traducti 

et enarrati per Mart. Bucbrum. Apud 

Rob. Stephanum, 1554, foL 

Several editions of Martin Bucer's Commen- 
tary on the Psalms were sold in Italy and France 
as the work of Aretius Felmus.--Dr. M*Crie. 

254. Wolfg. MuscuLi in Psalterium 

Commentarii, ima cum nova Vers. La- 

tina. Basil., 1556, fol., I2s, 

Inconsiderable estimation. (1.) Editio al- 
tera. Basil., 1563, fol, 12f. 

255. liber Psalmorum Davidis, cum 
Cathol. Expositione Ecdes. Aug. Mar- 
LORATi. Apud. Henr. Stephanum, 
1562, foL 

On the same plan as his work on Genesis. 

256. Jo. Calvini Comment, in li- 
brum Psalmorum. Genevse, 1578, fol., 
6s, 

Reprinted 1610. &c. (1.) Jo. Calvini in 
Psalmos Commentarius, curavit A. Tholuck. 
Berol, 1836, 8vo. 2 vols., 10s.; fine paper, 12«. 
' The commentaries of C'alvin are never to be 
perused without admiration or instruction.' — 
Kev. J. J. Conybeare. (2.) Commentaires de 
Jean Calvik surle Uvre desPseaumes. Ge- 
neve, 1563. foL, \0s, (3.) Psalms of David and 
others, with Commentaries by John Calvin, 
transl. by Arthur Goldino. London, 1571, 
4to,2vols.,l8<. 

257. Vict. Strioblii Hypomnemata 
in omnes Psalmos Davidis. 1563, fol., 
21*. 

' Ita scripta, ut a piis amantibus consensum 
expressum in scriptts propheticis, apostolicis, 
syrabolis, et scriptoribus vetustis ac purioribus 
utiliter legi possunt.* (1.) Vict STRroELii 
Hypomnemata in omnes Psalmorum Davidis. 
NeosL, 1.574, 8vo, 5s, An English venion of 
Strigelius' Psalms, by Ric. Robinson, appeared 
in t£^ laUer part of the 16th century. 

258. Rob. Bbllarmini, Cardinalis, 

Explanatio in Psalmos. Lug. Bat. 1612, 

4to, 6s, 

Also in his works. (1.) Editio altera. Lug. 
Bat, 1702, 4to, 7«. 

259> Com. Jansbnii, Episc. Gan- 
dar., Paraphrasis in Psalmos, cum Ar- 
gumentis et Annotationibus. Lugd., 
1596, fol., 15*. 

' Ses notes sont tres exactes ; il y suit le texte 
H6breu : il rapporte aussi la version Grecque, 
le sens litt6ral, historique et proph^tique.' — 
Cahn^ (1.) ldem.Antv., 1614, fol., 15». (2.) 
Edido altera. Lovan., 1692, 4to, \2s, 

260. Franc. Vatabli Annotationes 
in Psalmos, subj. H. Grotii Notis, 
quibus Observ. suas adspersit G. J. L. 



165 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



166 



VooBL, prsefatus est J. A. Nobss&lt. 
Halae, 1767, 8vo, 7s. 
Said to be the work of Clement Marot. 

261. Jo. LoRiNi, Soc. Jesu, Comment, 
in Librum Psalmorum. Lugd., &c., 
1611-9, fol., 3 vols., 3U. 6c;. 

' Probavit auctor multam industriam atque 
eruditioDem.* — Walch. 

262. Sal. Gbsnkbi Commentationes 
in Psalmos Davidis. Witteb., 1616, fol., 
15^. 

Still in some request (1.) Editio altera. 
Witteb., 1629, fol., 16». 

263. Bart. Coppbnii Notse in Psal- 
mos Davidis. Heidelb., 1619, 4to, 6«. 

' CoUecUe illaesunt ex indole linguie sanctae, 
libris rabbinonim etpatrum ordinis sacri, monu- 
mentisque antiquitatum.' — Walch. 

264. Enarratio Psalmorum ex Pne- 

lectionibus D. Henr. Mollbri. Ge- 

nevse, 1619, fol., Is. 6d. 

The author was an eminent Crvpto-calvinist, 
and also an eminent Hebraist— the workj says 
Dr. £. Williams, 'is a judicious explication.' 
(1.) Editio altera, cui access. Partes Psalmo- 
rum, Ob6erv.,&c, ex doctiss. Interpr. collectsB. 
Genevae, 1639, fol., I0s.6d. 

265. In omnes Psalmos Conmient. 
liter, et Histor., cum Versione duplici, 
vetere et nova, ex Hebrseo fonte expressa, 
auctore Sim. de Muis. Paris., 1630, 
fol., 2 vols., 18*. 

' Un des meilleurs commentaires qui ait paru 
. . . L* auteur s'^ attache uniquement a V 
H^breu, et aux Rabbins* qui V ont expliqu^.' — 
Calmet. 

266. Gul. Ambsii Lectiones in omnes 
Psalmos Davidis. Amst.» 1636, 8vo., 
4s. 6d. 

' Valuable for its conciseness, accurate me- 
thod, and reryjudicious observations.' — Wil- 
liams. The Rev. £. Bickersteth observes, 
* many excellent thoughts will be found in 
Amesius* exposition.' 

267. Jo. ViccARS Decapla in Psal- 
mos. Londini., 1639, fol., I2s. 

Viccars, a clergyman of the Church of Eng- 
land, was a coadjutor of Bp. Walton in the 
Polyglot His commentary is a curious 
and learned work. The author was, says A. 
Wood, ' a most admirable linguist, and the best 
for the oriental languages in his time.' Besides 
the ten langua^— Hebrew. Arabic, Syiiac, 
Chaldaic, Rabmnical, Greek, Latin, Italian, 
Spanish, and French, there are specimens from 
the Coptic and Persic. 

268. Tho. Lb Blanc Psalmorum 
David. Analysis, adjungitur Commen- 
tarius amplissimus. Ck>lon., 1682, fol., 
6 vols., 42^. 

This Commentary in the Catholic church is 
considered a supplement to that of Com. a 
Lapide(8ee col. 1 15, no.l7),andi$ highly valued. 



269. Tituli Psalmorum in Methodtu 
Anniversarium redacti, Diatribns bnrii, 
&c., et Versionibus pnes. antiquioribot, 
Targumica, Gneca, Vulgata, Syriaca, kc 
illustrati, auctore M. C. Sonntagio. 

Silusise, 1687, 4to, 7s. 

This work is highly commended by Wskk 
and others. 

270. Mosis Amyraldi Paraphniii 
in Psalmos, una cum Annot. et Argu- 
mentis. Editio altera, cum Prtbaaoat 
Jac. Crbmbri. Traj. ad Rhen., 1763, 
4to, 7s. 6d. 

Best edition of a book of some value. Tbe 
author was a Calvinist, and, says Orme, i 
little inclined to mysticism. (1.) Editio pcims. 
Salmur., 1662, 4to, 6f . This edition of Amy- 
raldus' paraphrase was dedicated to K.ChtfKS 

271. Mart. Gbibri Commentarius in 
Psalmos, adductis copiose Locis Pknl- 

lelis. Dresds, 1709, fol., 20s. 

* Geier's commentaries are learned tad 

fious.* — Bickersteth. Former editions appesred 
.ips., 1681 : Dresda, 1697 ; alao Amst, 16BS; 
or 1695; all in folio. * 

272. Marci Marini Brinani Axmot 
literales in Psalmos, nova Versione ib 
ipsomet illustratos, editse opera et stodio 
Jo. Al. MiNOARBLLi. Bononis, 1743- 
50, 4to, 2 vols., 25s. 

Prefixed are the Hebrew text, with tbe 
Vul^rate version, and a new translation by 
MannL 

273. Phil. Dav.BuRKii Gnomon PmI- 
morum. Stutg., 1760, 4to, 2 vols., iBs. 

* Quo opere auctor multam quidem iixhs- 
triam atque eruditionem probaviu'— Wtlcb. 
According to Dr. Adam Clarke. ' it b writteo 
in a pure strain of piety, but rather too modi 
in a technical form. 

274. Herm.VBNBMACommentariiad 
Psalmos. Leovard., 1762-7, 4to, 6 vols., 
505. 

According to Orme, this work ' is ooasider«<i 
valuable by those who can bear its prolizity.* 
Dr. Adam Clarke says of it what David did of 
Goliah's sword, * there is none like it.' 'TV 
commentary is highly esteemed. It is protift 
and elaborate— sound and evangelical— miba 
same school as Vitringa, but not equal to huD. 
—Bickersteth. ( I.) Idem. Trejecti, 1781, 4to, 
6 vols., 50t. 

275. J. F. Stanob Anticritica inU^ 
cos Psalmorum varios. Lips, et Hi^ 
1791-5, 8vo, 2 vols., 7s. 

276. Psalmi ex recens. Textns Hebivi 
et Vers. Antiq. Latine versi, Nodsqud 
criticis et philoL illustrati [a N. M. Bn-* 
lin]. Upsal., 1805, 8vo, 5*. 

A faithful and excellent latin version wiik 
brief notes. 



i$r 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



158 



S77. K F. C. RosKMMULLBBi Scho- 
Ca in Psalmoe. Lips. 1821-3, 8vo, 3 
Tok, 36f . 

See col 132, DO. 82. (I.) E. F. C. Rosen- 
Bill«ri Scholia in Psalmos, in Compendium 
rahda. Lips, 1831, 8vo, 14i. 

278. A very Godly and Learned Ex- 
pontion upon the PBalms, by T. M. 
londoD, 1591. 4to, I5s. 

* This work contains sound doctrine and ex- 
ttOeat obsenrationB.'— Dr. Valpy. 

379. Annotations apon the Book of 
PMlms, and the Song of Songs, or Can- 
tides, by Henry Ainsworth. 

Stt eoL 134, no. 92. 

180. Brief Explication of the Psalms, 
by DiTid Dickson, Prof, of Divin. in 
the CoQege of Edinburgh. London, 
1645,53, 4, sm. 8vo, 3 vols., 18#. 

This popular explication is ' esteemed for the 
JBtei and fertiHty of its explications.'— WU- 
DtBt. Each Tot contains 6fty psalms. Poole 
Rfvtsents Dickson's expositions as brief, but 
pc^NCBogs, ingemous and judicious ; and 
m the opinion of Orme, *the exposition, 
tboQ^ iMief, b not so ^hort as to be unsatisfac- 
tvy. Scsrcely any thin^ of a critical nature 
Mcvn m it; but there is much piety, sound 
Hsncnt^aiid correct interpretation.' (I.) A 
Kcv Edmoo, with a Life of the Author, by 
tbt Ret. Robert Wooaow. Glasffow, 1834, 
^, 2 fols. published at 12<. The Rev. £. 
gdaw trth styles Dickson 'an old Scotch 
*Bler of Biueh ]Mety.' 

2S1. Paraphrases and Annotations 

ijxn the Book of Psalms, by Henry 

Hammowd, D.D., Lond.,l659,fol., 15*. 
Dr. Hammond's work on the Psahns is less 
po^iltrthan that on the New Testament It 
».. liys Dr. £. Williams, ' of use chiefly for its 
cities] luDti.' Walch observes, ' the notes are 
■MM letmed, and embrace many things which 
yt omitted by others,* and Bp. Lowth remarks, 
I tliDk hii plan of interpretation is the right 
*BC, he endcavoun 6rst to give the literal 
^■^ sod thence deduces the mystical.' The 
g nphr M M are also to be found m the 4th vol. 
w Dr. Himmond's works. 

282. David's Harp strung and tuned, 
^^ a devout Meditation or Prayer at 
^ end of evcrjr Psalm, by William 
picoLson], Bishop of Gloucester, 
w^, 1662, fol., 12*. 

^kii Analysis is 'cast into such a method, 
^<he mnme of every psalm may be quickly 
Mwcaed aid remembered.' The work is prac- 
Mn4exidanatory. Dr. A. Clarke has in- 
gy B iAop Nicolson's analysis in his oom- 
**««toy, omitting his prayers. 

283. Les Pseaumes de David avec 
tti Beilezions, par le P^e Quesnbl. 

> ^ 3 v ols. 

*8p»itual and devout, like Quesnel's other 
**■«, with an oocasiona] mixture of Roman- 
^-Diekenieth. 



284. Book of Psalms, with the Argu*> 
ment of each Psalm, and a Preface by a 
Divine of the Church of England [Peter 
Allix, D.D.]. London, 1701, 8vo., 6*. 

A much esteemed work. 

'On the Psalms, Allix, Horsley, and Fry, 
^ve us their views of the Prophetical mean- 
mg. Amesius in Psalmos, Dickson and Home, 
give us their spiritual, practical, and devotional 
use ; but both views are neednil to attain the 
full benefit of the Psalms.' — Bickerrteth. 

285. Holy David and his Old English 

Translators cleared [by John Johnson, 

a Nonjuring Clergyman]. Lond., 1706, 

8vo, 5*. 

This curious book contains^ says Orme, ' a 
kind of historical account of the translators 
and translation of the Psalms, according to 
the firreat Bible, and a general defence of this 
old translation against all cavib and objec- 
tions.' 

286. Essay towards a new English 
Version of the Book of Psalms, by 
Zechariah Mudgb. Lond., 1744, 4to, 7*. 

Orme observes that Mudge's ' Hebrew cri- 
ticisms are not always sound, though his ver- 
sions of particular psalms are frequently ele- 
gant and happy 'and Dr. Johnson says that 
Mudge, ' studied the sacred vols, in the ori- 
ginal lan^ages; with what diligence and 
success, his notes upon the Psalms give suffi- 
cicDt evidence.' 

287. New English Transl. of the 
Psalms, with Notes, Illustrations, and 
a prelim. Dissertation, by Thomas 
Edwards, A.M. London, 1755, 8vo. 

The author's design was to make Bp. Hare's 
discovery of the Hebrew metre better known; 
to show Its truth and certainty ; and to prove 
thar, by a judicious application of it, great 
light may be thrown upon the poetical parts of 
the Holy Scriptures. According to Orme, the 
translation ' affords occasional assistance for 
understanding the Psalms,and contains various 
emendations of the Hebrew text suggested by 
the metre.' 

288. Psalter in its Original Form, 
with Arguments and Notes, by George 
Fbnwick, B.D.- Lond., 1759, 8vo, 6*. 

Fenvrick's work is fanciful and hypothe- 
tical, and largely imbued with Hutchinsonian 
theology. — Orme. 

289. New Translation of the Psalms 
from the Hebrew Original, with Notes, 
critical and explanatory, and a Disser- 
tation on the last Prophetic Words of 
Noah, by Wm. Grbbn, M.A. Camb., 
1762, 8vo, 5*. 

Man^r of the Psalms are considerably im- 
proved in this version.— Orme. In the opinion 
of the Monthly Reviewer, the work contains 
' some judicious alterations in the version, 
and valuable criticisms in the notes.' 

290. Psalms, transl. or paraph, in 



163 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



164 



on every Ptalm, by James M*Gavin. 
Is. 6d. 
A useful manual alphabetically arranged. 

318. Imagery and Poetical Ornaments 
of the Book of Psalms, its Prophetic 
Language, and Apocaljrptic Character; 
and the Modes of usmg the Psalter, 
from the earliest to the present lime, 
by the Rev. George Heniy Stoddart, 
A.M. 2s. 6d. 

This work contains much valuable informa- 
tion, and will be found very use^l for genotd 
readers. The principal observatioDa are se- 
lected from the wntings of Bps. Horsley, 
Lowth, Patrick, Home, and Jebb ; Dr. light- 
foot, Dr. Allix, and Mr. Boys. 

319. Select Psalms illnstrated by 
various Authors. 

(I.) Aurea in Quinquagmta David. Psalmoa 
Doctorum Grecorum Catena, interp. Dan. 
Barbaro, Patriarcha Aquileiense. VeneU, 
15G9, fol. 

(2.) Jo. Rbuchun, vel Capnio, in Septem 
Psalmos Poenitentiales Hebraicos Interpre- 
tatio de verbo ad verbum, et super eisdem 
Commentarioli sui ad disoendum linguam 
Hebr. ex Rudimentis. Tubings, 1512, 12mo. 
This little work is deserving of notice, as the 
first ptortion of the Hebrew Scriptures done by 
a Christian. The version is quite literal, and 
the commentary entirely grammatical. Ro- 
lenmliller observes that Reuchlin, 'rendered 
the same service to the O.T., that Erasmus did. 
to the New.' 

(3.) Ambrosii Episc. Mediol. in Psalmos 
aliquot Davidicos Commenlarii. In his works. 

(4.) Ricardi Sancti Victoris ^Iystic8e An- 
not. onamplurimorum Versuum Psalmorum, 
Daviois. In his works. 

(&) D. Prosperi Aquitanici Psalmorum a 
c usque ad cl Ezpositio. In his works. 

(6.) Mart Luthbri in Psalmos varies 
Enarrationes. See col.- 153, no. 251. (7.) Com- 
mentary on the Psalms, ctAled Psalms of De- 
nxes, by Martin Luther ; to which is pre- 
fixea an Historical Account of the M(>nastic 
Life, particularly of the Monasteries of Eng- 
land, with a Plate. London, 1821 , 8vo. 7s. 6d. 
(8.) Complete Commentary on the nrst 22 
Psa!ms, by Martin Luther ; now first transl. 
by the Rev. H. Cole. Lond., 1826^ 8vo, 
2 vols., Ms. 

(9.) Rob. RoLLOci Commentarius in selec- 
tos aliquot Psalmos Davidis. Geneve, 1599, 
tm. 8vo, 4f . 6d. Reprinted 1610, 12mo. * Rol- 
lock's commentaries are not distinguished for 
critical learning, nor do they discover deep 
research ; but uiey are perspicuous, succinct, 
and judicious.' — Dr. Macrie. (10.) An Expo- 
lition of some select Psalms of David, by 
Robert Rollock, translated by C. L. Edmb., 
1600, 8vo. 6i. 

ni.) And. Rivm Comment in Psalmos 
Propheticos. Roterod., 1 6 19, 4to, 1 Ot. 

( 12.) Steph. Fabrith, Eccles. Bern., Sacrs 
Conciones in 150 Psalmos Davidis, et aliorum 
SS. Prophetarum. GenevsB, 1620, fol., 18s. 

(13.) Psahni i et zii et tolidem SS. V.T. 
Integra Capita, prisoo HebrsM) Metro restituit, 



&c. M. Meibomius. Amst 16904, fill, in I 
vol., ]5f. An extraordinary work. It pro- 
fesses to furnish the world with the true prin- 
ciples of ancient Hebrew poetry, which the 
author affirms have, from the time of Jeroniak 
and Daniel, remained unknown. The w«k is 
noticed in Bp. Jebb's Sacred Literatnre. 

(14.) F. A. Lamps Comment Exeg. is 
Psalmos Graduum et in Ecclesiasten SsIoido- 
nis. Groninf ., 1741, 4to, 6f . 

(15.) ben). Kennicotti Note critics m 
Psalmos. xlii, xliii, Izxxiv, Izxxiz, ex Aa- 
glico vertit et Append, auxit P. J. BtoNt, 
cum Notis J. C.F. Schuuii. lins, 1772, 
8vo, is.GdU Many valuable criticai lUustit* 
tions of the Psalms will be found in Dr. Kcnoi- 
cott*s Remarks on the Old Testament, Loo- 
don, 1777, 8vo ; and Psalms 48 and 89 it 
Hebrew, with Notes, are appended to Dr. 
Kennicott's Sermon at St Mary's, Oxfiid, 
May 19. 1765. 

(16.) Psalmi xv Hammaoloth, philologioi 
et critice illustrati, a Theod. Adr. Claiis»i. 
Lug. Bat, 1819, 8vo, 9f. An uaefiU comiren- 
tary oo Psalms cxx — xxxv, which are asosUy 
called Psalms of Degrees. 

(17.) Treadse cone, the Fruitfut Savings of 
David in his Seven Penitential Psalmf. by 
John Fisher, Bp. of Rochester. Load.. 1714, 
l8mo, 5t. Former edition appeared m 1S08, 
1509, &c., which are of great pecuniary valne. 

( 18 ) Godly Meditacion upon xx Seleet 
and Chosen Psalmes of the Prophet David, hr 
Sir Anthony Cope. London, J. Daye, 15Cr, 
4to, 20i. 

(19.) Expos, upon the xziii, bdi, IxxSi, tnd 
Ixxvii Psalmes, by John Hooper, Bp. of 
Gloucester. London, 1580, 4to, 15«. Reprinted 
in the fifth vol. of The Fathers of the Engliah 
Church. 

(20.) Exposition on the 125th and 19M 
Psalms, by Thomas Stint. London, 1621, 
12mo, 4s. 6d. 

(21.) Choice and Practical EzpositioDS of 
the 4th, 42d 51st, and 63d Psalms, by 1U 
HoRTON, D.D. London, 1675, fol., 15«. 

(22.) Meditations, practical and critical, on 
Psalms iv, xxxii, and czzx, by Kbb. Lxiob- 
TON, Abp. of Glasgow, transl. from the Lada 
by P. DoDORiooE. In the Archbishop** worb. 

(23.) Six Lectures on the Pemteotial 
Psabns, by Edward Bibkms, M.A. OxM, 
1623, 12mo. 

(24.) The Way to Blessedness: a Comnea- 
tary on the First Psalm, by Phineas Flstoiu. 
London, 1632, 4to, 4f. 6d. 

(25.) A Commeotarv on the Second Pssha, 
by John Hildrop, M. A. London, 17^ 8ro. 
3s. 

(26.) J.W.ScBROKocRiComroentPhilofeg. 
inPsalmum x. Groning., 1754, 8vo, 5t. A 
learned illustration from the Arabic, Syriac, 
and Chaldaic 

(27.) Lectures on the Fifteenth Psalme, by 
George Downame, D.D. London, 1604, 4to, 
7s. 6(/. This admired exposition, ' wherein ths 
question of usurie is folly and putinly decided.' 
is dedicated to K. James I. 

(28.) A Godly Meditation upon Psaboe 
xxxi, by HicROMi of Ferrarie. See post d^ 
30. 

(29.) F. A. Lampb Ezerdtat SaonruB 



165 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



166 



Anlfcar qmbog Paalmiis xlv perp. Commen- 
ttfio flhulittiir. fireme, 1715, 4to, &. Not 
■•ahnnd hj Wtlch, Carpxov, &c. 

(30.) A Fithie Expos, apon the li Psalme; 
•In t Godly Medit upon the xxxi Psalme, 
vanen br Hiuione of Ferrmrie, and now 
aifm. and tmeaded by Abr. Fleming. Lon- 
dsD, T. DtwaoD, 1578, 24ino, 7«. 

(31.) GUI Lectures on the H Psalm, by 
Arih. HiLDxusHAM. London, 1642, fol.« 18s. 
Hildaifaam, says Echard, was ' a great and shin- 
iof lifht of the Puritan party, and celebrated 
fcr his lingalar learning and piety.' His Com- 
Bests on the Psalms are excellent, a rich 
■ias of experimental and practical divinity 
will be foond in his works. An expontion of 
PmIbi E win also be found in Bp. Cooper's 



(32.) Portraitore of the Christian Penitent, 
it a eoone of Sermons on Psalm li, by the 
Rev. C. £. Db ConixxsoN. London, 1776, 
<K2Tok,]4s. 

(33^ Lectures on the 5lBt Psalm, by the 
RcT. Tbosias T. BinouLPH. Second £dition. 
Ubo, pttbL at 6i. 

(31) A new Interpretation of the Ixviiith 
Paha, by the Rev. Richard Dixon. Oxford, 
1812, 4to. These very learned and acute dis- 
rnaiiM well deserve the attentioo of all who 
■R versed m Hebrew learning and biblical 
enddan^—British Critic. 

(3&) A Few Words on the 80th Psalm, with 
menoe to the Irish Church, by Charlotte 
l^uuBETU. London, 1836, fsc 8vo. Is. 

^) Fsith of the Church MiliUnt, de- 
mod in this Exposition of the 84 Psahne, 
Of Nicholas Hemmingivs, transi. out of Latine, 
vj TboBws RoGEas. London, H. Middleton, 
UBI,im.8To, 10s. Dedicated to the Countesee 
of Sasex. The work was written ' as to the 
■vtractioo of the ignorant in the groundes of 
j^%ioB, so to the confutation of the Jewes. 
Tanei, Atheists, Papists, Hereticks and all 
^^ advemries of the trueth whatsoever.' 
. (36s.) Beauty of Magistracy, in an Exposi- 
too of the 82d Psalm, by lliomas Hall. Lon- 
<taLte80.4to.7».6rf. 

(37.) C. G. FaiaoRicnn Symbols Philolo- 
pyri ticg, et LecL Variet continentes, ad 
uittpr. Psafani Centenmi. Lipe., 1814, 4to, 
4i.U. 

(38.) Practical Comment on thel07th Psalm, 
br WUtiaia RoMAivB. Lond., 1760, 8vo, 3s. 
^^ofuut in expounding of the book of Psalms 
"gfe* all to Christ without discrimination. 
(39.) Answer to the Rev. Mr. Romaine's 
metiea] Comment on the 107th Psalm. Lond., 
"a,8»o,2i.W. 

fS^) Commentatio in Psalmum Centes. 
^WBiuD, aactore Jo. Theod. Bkroman. Lug. 
Btt.,18l9.4to,10f. 

(^.) Exposition of the 110th Psalm, by Ed- 
J«w HxTNOLDs, Bp. of Nomrich. Lond., 1642, 
^6l (1.) An Explanation of the llOth 
^VB : wherein the several heads of Christian 
linfion therein contained, touching the Exal- 
Jjvft of Cfarisi, the Scepb« of his Kingdom, 
a ej'har acter of fab Subjects: his Priesthood, 
,'*•»», Sufferings, and Resurrection, are 
^fSUf explained and applied. By Edward 
RmoLM, Bp. of Norwich. London. 1^38, 
}^o> 4s. One of the publications of the Re- 
Wn Tract Society. 



(^) Exposition of the cxix Psafan,' by 
Richard Grkskham. 1612. In his collective 
works. 'Greenham on Psalm 119, is admirable, 
for the time it was written, both for method and 
siyle.'— Williams. 

(43.) Practical Exposition on the 119 Psalm, 
by 'J homas Manton, V.D., with a Portrait. 
Lond.^ 1681, fol., dOt. A sort of theological 
conceit, consistine of 1 19 sermons on the 1 i9th 
Psalm, by a worthy Non-conformist. Manton 
is, says Dr. E. W iUiams, * voluminous, in ge- 
neral judicious, phiin, not very interesting in 
his manner, yet unaffected.' 

(44.) Escposition of Psalm cxix, by the Rev. 
Charles Bridofs, Thirteenth Kdition. London. 
1838. I'imo, publ. at 7s. ' An excellent manual 
of religpon, plain, practical, and devotional.*— 
Eclectic Review. ' Its interpretations are un- 
exceptionably evangelical : its reasonings are 
close and connected ; ana its appeals to the 
heart are such as to approve themselves to the 
experience of every devout believer in Christ' 
— Evang. Magazine. 

(45.) Sermons on the 123d Psahn, by Dan. 
Dyxe. London, 163 , 4to. 

(46. ) X X II Sermons by John Calvin on the 
cxxx Psalm. I^nd., 1580^ 4to, lOs. 

(47.) Practical Kxposition on Psalm cxxx, 
by John Owen, D.U. London, 1680, 4to, 
4«. 6ci. < Most excellent. —Dr Doddridge. It 
is ' one of the fullest displays of evangelical for- 

B'venessthat we have ever seen.' — Bickersteth. 
r. K. Williams pronounces it to be * a most 
excellent work on repentance and fiorgiveness, 
and enters deeply into several parts of experi- 
mental religion.' Numerous editions have ap- 
peared in 8vo, 12mo, 18mo, &c. &c. 

(48.) Forty-five Sermons upon the 130th 
Psalm, by George Hutcheson. Edinb., 1691, 
8vo. 

For Metrical Versions of the Psalms, see, 
post, Psalms and Hymns. 

\* The Rev. E. Bickersteth refers also to 
AufTustine, Epiphanius, Gregory Nyssen, Atha- 
nasius,Theopnylact ; and to Beza, Melancthon. 

320. Writings of Solomon. — Salo- 
monis Regis et Sapientis, quae super- 
sunt ejusoue esse perhibentnr. Omnia 
ex Ebneo Latine vertit, Notasque adjecit 
Jos. Frid. SCHBLLINO. Stuttg., 1806, 
8vo, 6s. 

320 a. Corn. Jansknii, Episc. Gan- 
dav., Analecta in Proverbia,Ecclesia8ten, 
Sapientiam, Habacuc, Sophoniam. Lo- 
vanii, 1644, 4to, 7^. 

By Dupin Jansenius is described as a very 
able expositor of Scripture. 

321. E. F. C. RosBNMULLBRi Scho- 
lia in Solomonis qnse perhibentur Scripta. 
lipsis, 1829-30, Svo, 2 vols., 21#. 

See ool. 132, no. 82. 

322. Proverbs. — Dion, k Rickbl 
Enarr. piae ac eruditse in quinque Libros 
Sapientales Salomonis. Pans., 1548, 
8vo. 

323. Lud. Lavateri in Librum Pro- 
verb. Solomonis Commentarii, et in Li- 



167 



RBUGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



168 



bruniSploinoiuSy qui Ecdedastes ioseri- 
bitur. Tigori, 1586, fol., 15$. 

An esteemed work. (1.) Lud. Lavatbsi in 
Librum Proverbionun Coinmentarii. Tiguri, 
1572, foi. 

324. Com. Jansbnii, Episc. Gan- 
dav.y Paraphrasis cum Adnot. in Pro- 
verbia Salomonis. Louv., 1568, 8vOy 
6#. 

- ' Malta dixit Jansemns qne pnedara sunt, 
atque oetendit se vinim, eruditione ao judicio 
instnictum/ — Walch. (I.) Corn. Jansenii 
in Proverbia Salomonis Commentaria ; acceis. 
ejusdem Annot. in Libnun SapientiiB Salomo- 
nis. Lng^, 1503, fol. 

325. Ferd. Quirini Expositio in Pro- 
verbia Salomonis. Paris., 1619> foL, 2 
vols. 

326. Tbo. Cabtwrioht Commen- 
tarii in Proverbia Salomonis. Amst., 
1638, 4to, 6^. 

327- Proverbia Regum et Sauient. 
Salomonis, cum cura enudeata a Mart. 
Gbibro. lips., 1725, 4to, 9^. 

' Inter Salomonis Proverbionun commenta- 
rios. omni jure principem locum obtinuerunt.' 
— Walch. In the opinion of the Rev. £. Bick- 
ersteth, Geier's Commentaries are teamed and 
nious. (1.) M. Geieri Comment, in Prover-, 
oia et Ecclesiasten Salomonis, necnon in Da- 
nielem Prophetam ; acced. ^usdem Oposcula 
varia Philologica. Amst., IG96, fol., 15s. 

328. Proverbia Salomonis, Versionem 
iutegram ad Hebraeum fontem expres- 
sit atque Ck>mmentarium adjecit Alb. 
ScHULTBNS. Lugd. Bat., 1748, 4to, 
12 J. 

An elaborate work, 'full of valuable cri-r 
tical illustration.' — Bickerstetb. In the opi- 
nion of Walch 'egrregium eteruditumopus est* 
n.) Alb. Sehulteos Vexsio integra Prov. Sa- 
lominis et in eadem Comment, quern in Com- 
pendium redegit variisque Lection, aut Version, 
auxit G. .T. L. Voqel, cum Praefat J. S. Sem- 
i.VR. Halae, 1768 vel- 9, lar. 8vo, 5j. To 
this abridgment Teller furnished an auctarinm. 

329. Observationes in Proverb. Salo- 
monis Versionem Alexandrinam scripsit 
Jo. Got. Jabobr. Meld, et Lipsiie, 
1788, sm. 8vo, 4s, 

330. J. F. Schlbusnbri Ck>mmeDt. 
Novi Critici in Versiones Veteres Proverb. 
Salomonis. Goett., 1794, 8vo, 4s, 

331. The Proverbs of Solomon in the 
Latin of John Aug. Dathb, edited by 
the Rev. Henry Moulb. London, 
1838, 18mo, Is. 6d. 

For the use of Schools. 

332. Exposition upon the Proverbes, 
bv Michael Copb, of Geneva, transl. by 
M. OuTRBD. London, G. Bishop, 1580, 
4to, 10*. 6rf. 



333. Paraphrasticall MeditattoBs, by 
way of Commentary, on the Book el 
Proveii>s, by Michael Jbrmin, D.D. 
Lond., 1638, fol, 10*. 

334. Exposition with Practictl Ob- 
servations on the first Three Cfaipten 
of Proverbs, by Francis Taylor. Load. 
1655, 4to, Zs. 6d. 

335. A Paraphrase on Proveibs, dt 
i-x, by Henry Hammond, D.D. 

In tne fourth voL of his works. 

336. Observations on several (96) 

Passages in the Book of Proverbs, with 

Two Sermons, by Thomas Hunt, DJ). 

Oxford, 1775, 4to, 7s. 

Prof. Hunt's emendations of the trtmlitioo 
proposed in this volume, in Orme's ommoo, 
* are generally important, and throw nueii ligte 
on some passages which are attended witfaeoi- 
siderable difficulty.' He was well acquainted 
with the Eastern languages. 

337. Proverbs of Solomon, tnnd. 
from Uie Hebrew with Notes, by the Rer. 
Bern. Hodgcton, LL.O. Oxford, 1788, 

4to, 7s, 6d. 

Dr. Hodgson's translation throws light <n 
many passages ; the notes are almost whoUy 
philological. 

338. Attempt towards an improved 
Translation of the Proverbs of Solomoa 
from the Hebrew, with Notes critial 
and explanatory, and a preliminary I^ 
sertation, by the Rev. George Hqlobic, 
M.A. Lond., 1819» 8vo, 14#. 

A most able piece of biblical illnstratioD hy 
an exoelleiit Hebrew scholar. Holden W^ 
the eighth chapter of the Proverbs to toe 
second person m the Godhead. — Onne. The 
Rev. T. H. Home pronouooes it to be 'tbs 
most valuable help to the critical ondetrtaixuar 
of the book of Proverbs in the English Its- 
gaage.' 

339. Exposition of the Book of Pro- 
verbs, by George Lawson, D.D. 
Edinb., 1821, 12mo, 2 vols, \2s. 

Lawson's works were chiefly intended for 
the iDStruction of Christians in the ordifltfT 
walks of fife. According to Mr. Otw t tbey 
are pious and sensible, full of mmad doottiiM 
and salutary admonition and instruction. 

340. Corrunentary on the Provtfbs 
of Solomon, by R. J. Casb. Lond.. 
1822, 12mo. 

341. New Translation of the Piroverbi 
of Solomon from the Hebrew, with 
explanatory Notes, by Wm. Fbbnch, 
D.D., and George Skinnbr, MA 
Cambridge, 1831, 8vo, 4s, 

Seecol. 162, no.311. 

%• The Rev. E. Bickersteth refers abo to 
Ambrose, Augustin, Basil, Bede ; and (o 
Luther, Melancthon, Mercer. 



1^ 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



342. Ecdeauwtes. — Gbboobii^ ^mc. 
NjBem, in Ecdesiasten Expticatio, Gr. 
eiLat. 

la hii woriu. 

(1.) Oltmpiooori in Salomoois Ecded- 
artca C^nmestarii. lo the 2d toL of die Bib- 
Bediect Vdenmi Patnun. 

343. Franc. Titblmanni Comment 
in Eccledasten Salomonis, cnm Annot. 
ex Hebneo et Editione Grrseca in singula 
Capita. Antv., 1536, 8vo. 

344. Condo Salomonis, in Lat. Ling. 
Tern, et Pndect et Panmhraai illus- 
tma ab. Ant. CoRRANO. Lond, 1674, 

345. Theod. Bbz^b Paraphrasia in 
Ecekdasten. Genevae, 1588, 4 to, 4s. 

346. Ja LoRiNi in Ecclesiaaten et 
in librmn Sapiential Commentarii. 
Wi, 1619, foL 

347. Jo. de PiNBDA Commentarius 
in Eedflnaatcn. Antv., 1620, fol., lOt. 6d, 
/Vh ezoeUent oocBmentaixe, arec de tres 
bow pnrf^gomene*, ou il i^sout toutes les 
f-'w?* ^^ ^^^ fiwmer snr oet ouvrage.'— 

348. Tho. Cabtwright Metaphrasis 
et Homilis in libmm Salomonis qui 
UMcribitur Ecdesiastes. Amst., 1647, 
4ta,5*. 

349. Seb.ScRMiDii Comment in Li- 
ma Selomonis, Hebraice Koheteth dic- 
tran- Argent, 1691, 4to, 7». 

c^Qyj.in Kbro hoc explicando Geienun ac 
J*«Bwwin oonsoHt, iste reliquis interpretibus 
«ae cirere potest'— Wtlch. 

350. Car. Mar. Db Vbil ExpUcatio 
^^cnfis Eodesiaatioae Lond., 1681, 
«n-8T0, 4f. 6d. 

35L Mart. Geibbi Commentarius in 

^*™oiu8 Ecclesiasten. lips., 1711, 
8to. 

'Inter optimas Kcclesiaatis expositioiies locum 
WAw - Walch, (1.) Editio altera. 
MM730, 4to, 81. 

352. Conmient. on Ecclesiaates, by 
'■JJlPiLKiNOTON, Bp. of Durham. 

f™ftOB'» expositioiBs contain 'many ex- 
a*M i«aaAi.'-Blcke»steth. 

353. Analyticall Exposition of the 
Book of Eccksiastes, by Wm. PemUe. 
»^> 1635, foL 

in BB works. 

3M. Coounentanr on Ecdesiastes, or 
«e machcr, by Michael Jbbmin, D.D. 
^^^, 1639, fol., 98. 

^ P6rtrait of Old Age, being a 
*«apnraae upon the six former Verses 



170 



of the 12th Chapter of Ecdenastes, by 
John Smith, M.D. Lond., 1666) Bvo:' 
'Wherein is contained a sacred anatomy, 
both ofsonl and body, and a perfect account of 
the mfirmxties of age incident to them both.* 
In this curious critico-anatomical book. Dr. 
Smith endeavours to show that Solomon was 
profoundly versed in all the discoveries of 
anatomy, and that even the drculatton of the 
blood was not unknown to him. The substance 
of the work is introduced into Poole's Synopsis. 
(1.) An Edition. Lond., 1752, l2mo., 4*. 6d. 

356. Annotations on the Book of Ec- 
desiastes, [by Edward Reynolds, Bp. 
of Norwich.] London, 1669, sm. 8vo. 
3s. 6d. 

Also in his collective works. They originally 
formed a part of the Assembly's AnnoUtions. 
(1.) A Commentary on Ecdesiastes, by Ed- 
ward Reynolds, Bishop of Norwich, revised 
and corrected by the Rev. Daniel Washbourn. 
Lond., 181 1, 8vo. 8». This exposition must not 
be resorted to for biblical criticism, but for sound 
evang. theologry and practical observations. 
The editor has altered the construction of most 
of the sentences, exchanged many obsolete 
words for those now in use, and omitted redun- 
dant paragraphs. 

357. Exposition of Ecdesiastes, or 
the Preacher. Lond., 1680, 4to, 5*. 

368. Exposition, with Practical Ob- 
servations upon the Book of Ecde- 
siastes, by Alexander Nisbet, Minister 
of Irvine. Edinb., 1694, 4to, 7s. 

This work abounds, says Orme, 'with correct 
and wholesome expositions of the divine ora- 
cles.' The publication was delayed on account 
of some assertions on chap, viii, 4, respecting 
submission to the supreme powers. 

359. Philosophical and Critical Essay 
on Ecdesiastes, by A. V. Desvoeux. 
Lond., 1760, 4to, 9^. 

This work contains an analytical paraphrase, 
a new version of the text from the Hebrew, and 
philological observations. It deserves the con- 
sideration of those who wish to examine the 
design and meaning of this difficult portion of 
Scripture. The author is, in the opinion of 
Orme, 'too fond of philosophical reasonings, 
and mr-fetched interpretations ; and not unfre- 
quently forces meamngs on the words of Solo- 
mon, of which it is probable the royal writer 
never thouffht' The elaborate essay was trans- 
lated into German, and published at Halle in 
1764, 4to. 

360. Choheleth, or the Royal Preacher, 

a Poem [with Observations and some 

critical Notes]. Lond., 1768, 4to. 

I A poetical translation of Ecdesiastes^ pos- 
sessing, says Orme, ' considerable ^int and 
elegance.* 

361. Ecdesiastes, translated with a 
IHmiphrase and Notes by Stephen 
Gbbbnaway, A.B. Leicester^ 1781, 
8vo, 3 pts. in 1 voL, 9s. 



171 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORV. 



m 



Oiroe obeerves ' The author was no great 
Hebrew schoUr, and a neat adversary to con- 
jectural criticism ; but the work deserves to be 
consulted, both on Eoclesiastes, and on a con- 
siderable number of other passages of Scripture 
on which the writer offers remarks. 

362. Ecclesiastes, a new Translation 
from the original Hebrew, by Bern. 
Hodgson, LL.D. Oxford, 1791> 4to, 
7s, 6rf. 

This, as well as the learned Principal's other 
translations, are worthy of a place in the series 
ot English versions of the Scriptures. 

363. Lectures on the Book of Eccle- 
siastesB, by Ralph Wardlaw, D.D. 
Glasgow, 1821, 8vo, 2 vols., I4s, 

A very elegant commentary on an exceed- 
ingly difficult portion of Scripture. The Rev. 
K. Bickersteth pronounces it to be 'a very 
practical and edifying vrork ; * and Orme olA 
serves, ' what in the hands of others, has gr^ne- 
rally been a dry field of mere moral exhor- 
tation, and common-place maxims of life and 
manners, under Wardlaw's culture is enriched 
with evangelical truths, and blooms with the 
fruits of Christian piety and love.' 

364. Attempt to illustrate the Book 
of Ecclesiastes, by George Holden, 
M.A. Lond., 1822, 8vo, 10«. 6d, 

A fit companion for the learned author's 
version of the Proverbs of Solomon. The Rev. 
T. H. Home was greatly indebted to it for the 
views of the scope and synopsis of the Book of 
Ecclesiastes, given in the 4tn vol. of his Intro- 
duction. 

*«* The Rev. E. Bickersteth refers also 
to B^e, Gregory Nyssen, Jerome; and to 
Brentius, Lavater, Luther, Melancthon, Mer- 
cer. 

365. Song of Solomon. — Grkoorii, 
Episc. Nysseni, in Cantica Canticonim 

Ezplanatio, Gr. et Lat. 

In his works. 

(1.) Kxpositio Cantici Cantic. per Paraphra- 
sin, collecta ex SS. GREOORn Nysseni, Niu, 
et Maximi Commentariis. In the second vol. 
of the Bibhotheca Veterum Patnim. 

(2.) PsELLi Kxpositio Cantici Canticonim. 
In the second vol. of the Bibliotheca Veterum 
Patruro. 

(3.) GRCGonn Magrni Expositio in Cantica 
Canticonim. In his works. 

(4.) Ricardi Sancti Victoris in Cantica 
Cantic Explanatio. In his works. 

366. EUBKBII, POLYCHRONII et 

PsBLLi in Canticum Cantic. Ezposi- 
tiones, Gr. a Jo. Meursio edits. Lug. 
Bat., 1617, 4to, 5s, 

367. Jo. Gbrson Opusculum super 
Cantica Canticonim. fol. 

368. In Cantica Canticonim brevis 
sed admodum dilucidaEnarratio D. Hart. 
Lutubri. Vitemb., 1539, 12mo, As, 6d. 



369. Art. JoHNBTONi. M.D., Qataad 

Solomonis Ptavphrasis Poetica. Lond., 

1633, 8vo. 

In Latin elegiac verse. It is 6«qiientlT u- 
nexed to Dr. Johnston's paraphrase of the 
Psalms. An edition appeared in 1709. 

370. Car. Mar. Db Vbil Eqilicatio 

Litteralis Cantici Canticonim. Load., 

1679, Svo, 6*. 

' ' Ex ipsis Scripturarum fontibus, Ebrconon 
ridbus et idiomatis, Tetenim et reccntknn 
monumentis eruta.' In thb valuable wok tk 
author confines himself to the explication of dx 
literal sense. 

371. J. Mich. DiLHBRi Adnot in 
Canticum Canticonim. Vratisl., 1680, 
Svo, 5*. 

372. Casp. Hbunischii tnCtnticQffi 
Cantic. Comment. Apocalypticns. lipt., 
1688, 4to, 7s, 6d, 

* In (^uo textus Hebreus com tribos VenHHn- 
bus legitur philoL explicatur et exponitiir.' 

373. Jo. Marckii in Cantictim Sche- 
lomonis Commentarius. Amst , 1703, 
4to, 58. 

* Liber, ita scriptus, ut interpret Cantid in«- 
lioribus jure adnumeratur.'— Wakh. Stb- 
joined is * Analysis Psalmi zlv.' 

374. Cantici Salomonis ParaphnM 
gemina, Notis critids et philologicifl il- 
lustrata, auctore Jo. Kbr. ISdiob^ 
1727, 12mo, 5s. 

The poem is dramatically divided tad ar- 
ranged — one of the versions is a kind of irregu- 
lar verse, the other is in ntpphic nnmbea 
Ker in a preface grives some account of (^ 
opinions entertained of the Soncr, ^^ ^ ^ 
attempts which have been made to tnoslitt 
and explain it. — Orme. 

375. Canticum Canticorum, inVer- 
nac. transtulit, Notis illustr. et Oossiii 
um addidit K. G. Anton. Leip., 1800, 
8vo, 2s, 6d, 

376. Canticum Canticorum iUostn- 
tum ex Hierogn^hia Orientaliom, i J- 

H. KiSTEMAKBR. MuUSteT, 1818, 970, 

2s, 6d. 

377* Canticum Canticorum, Pne^i- 
tione. Vers. Lat., et Comment, exegctico- 
critico, instruxit M. F. Uhlbjukn- 
lipsias, 1821, 8vo. 

378. J. Ph. Baubrmbistbri Com- 
ment, in Sapientiam Salomonis. Gotting* 
1828, 8vo, Zs, 6d. 

379. Sermons upon the three first 
Chapters of Canticles, by Tlieod. Bbza» 
transl. out of the French, by John Has- 
MAR. Oxford, Jos. Barnbs, 1587* 4to. 
9s. 



m 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES, 



174 



* Whoeiii tie htndled the chiefest points of 
Rfifioo eootrorersed and debated at this day, 
tfpwallT toQching the true church and its cer- 
tttoe lad infUHble marks.' 

380. Fifteen Sennons upon the Song 
of SdomoD, by George Gyffabd. 
London, F. Kingston, 1598, sm. 8yo, 
UM 

Dttficaied to Robert Devereuz, Earl of 
Eflei. Gytfard was, says Ant a Wood, a 
'yoy noted preacher at Maldon in Essex, in 
Uitnat, and admirably well versed in several 
tofttoflatmiiig.' 

381. Salomon, his Song of Songs ex- 
poiDided by Henoch Clapuam. Lon- 
don. 1603, 4to, 7#. 

Dedkatod to King James. 

382. Open and Plaine Ptaaphrase 
Bpon the Song of Songs, by Jos. Hall, 
op. of Nonrieh. London, 1609, 8vo, 5*. 

A1k» in the eoUective editions of the Bishop's 
wofb. 

383. IVenty Sennons upon the 4th, 
Stfa, and 6th Ch. of the Canticles, by 
Kiebard Sibbs, with a Portrait. Lon- 
doD, 1639, 4to, lOf . 

SUb, ID the opinion of the Rev. E. Bicker- 
m, ii 't very tender and striking writer, 
yiidq ited fiir consolation .' Dr. Doddridge 
Mtams 'his language is nervous, his style 
pone tad tender.' (1.) An Edition. Lon- 
<loo, 1641. 4to. 

384. Gominentary on the Canticles, 
ojTho. Bbiohtman. London, 1644, 
4to,6i. 

Viewed pn^hetically .— Bickersteth. 

385. Eniosition of the Song of Solo- 
B^ by John Robotham. London, 
1^1 or 2, 4to, 9#. 

386. Brief Exposition upon the whole 
Book of Canticles, by John Taylor, of 
N.E. London, 1653, 12mo, 5s. 

387. Brief Expos., with Practical 
OwcTT, npon the C^tides, by John 
CoiTDjf. London, 1656, 8vo, 5». 

»8. Expos, of the 1st Ch. of the 
^OBg of Solomon, by Hanserd Knollys. 
*^»«m, 1656, sm. 4to, 4s, 

389. Love's Intercourse between the 
I^D^and his Bride, Christ and his 
l^cb, in a dear Explication and Ap- 
P^ion of the Song of Solomon, by 
^2Ban Guild, D.D. London, 1658, 
•▼o>6«. 

390. Qaris Cantid, or an Exposition 
V tht Song of Sok>mon, by James Dur- 
■-^ with a Preface by John Owbn, 
^'^^vLond., 1668 or 9, 4to, 9*. 

BiAam's Exposition of the Song, says Orme, 



* has long been a fiavourite work with those per- 
sons who enter fully into the mystical design of 
the sacred writer, and approve of its entire ap- 
plication to Christ and the church.' (1.) An 
Edition. Edinb., 1724, 4to, 6«. 

391. Exposition of the Book of Solo- 
mon's Song, commonly called Canticles, 
by John Gill, D.D. London, 1728, 

fol., 15s. 

This work, which differs from that contained 
in his Comment, on the Bible, comprehends 
the substance of a series of 122 discourses deliv. 
from the author's pulpit. Dr. £. Williams calls 
it ' a minute detail on the allegorical sense, and 
a spiritual improvement.' (I.) An Edition. 
London, 1751, 4to, 10». 6d. (2.) Another, 
with a Portrait of the Author. London, 1768, 
4to, 12f. (3.) Fourth Edition. Edinb., 1805, 
8vo, 2 vols., 12i. 

392. Grammatical Version, from the 
Hebrew, of Solomon's Song, in Blank 
Verse, with Notes, by Joseph Bland. 
London, 1750, 8yo, 3«. 6d. 

393. Dissertation on the Song of So- 
lomon, with the Original Text divided 
SLCcoTdm^ to the metre upon Bp. Hare's 
h3rpothesis, and a Poetical Version [by 
— GUffobd]. Lond., 1751, 8vo, 4s. 6a. 

The writer considers the .poem as a pastoral, 
composed by Solomon forthie amusement of his 
lighter hours, shortly after his nuptials with 
Pharaoh's daughter. 

394. Discourses on Solomon's Song, 
byW.RoMAiNK. London, 1759* 8vo, 4s. 

395. Song of Solomon newly transl. 
from the Hebrew, with a Commentary 
and Annotations [by Thomas Pbbcy, 
D.D., Bishop of Dromore]. London, 
1764, sm. 8vo, 7s. 

This small volume is remarkable for .the ele- 
gance of both the version and the criticisms, 
which has rendered it peculiarly useful to sul»e- 
quent commentators. It is on the plan, which 
was afterwards much followed, of considering 
the Song of Songs chiefly as a celebration of 
the earthly loves of Solomon. (I.) The Song 
of Solomon Paraphrased, with an Introduction, 
containing some Remai^ on a late new (Bp. 
Percy's) Translation of this Sacred Poem : 
also a Commentary and Notes, critical ana 
practical. Edinb., 1775, 8vo. 5s. In this 
pamphlet are some very just reflexions, both on 
the poem, and on Bp. Percy's version. Ac- 
cording to Orme, ' it combines a literal appli- 
cation of the Song of Solomon and his bride ; 
with an ultimate application to the spiritual af- 
fection which obtams between Chnst and his 
people.' 

396. Outlines of a new Conunentary 
on Solomon's Song, drawn by the Help 
of Instructions from the East, by the 
Author of Observations on divers Pas- 
sages of Scripture [the Rev. Thomas 

. Habmbr]. London, 1768, 8vo, 5s. 



176 



RBLIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



176 



' This/ 8ay9 Orme, ' is an uncommonly inge- 
nious work, to which all subsequent interpreters 
have been much indebted.' Harmer considers 
it as relating to the marriage of Solomon with 
the daughter of Pharaoh. In the opinion of 
the Rev. £. fiickenteth, the vol. contains ' many 
good illustrations.' 

397. Poetical Translation of the Song 
of Solomon, from the Hebrew, with a 
Prdim. Discourse and Notes, by Anne 
Francis. London, 1781, 4to, Ss, 

* The versification/ says Orme, ' is smooth 
«nd lively. The plan of the poem is constructed 
OD the mnciplescf Harmers Outline, to whom, 
«nd to Parkhurst, Mrs. Francis is indebted for 
many of her notes and illustrations.' 

398. Solomon's Sonflr,transl. from the 

Hebrew, by Bernard Hodobon, LL.I). 

Oxford, 1786, 4to, 79, 6d. 

Dr. H. has transl. the poem with correctiiess 
and propriety. In the notes he has explained 
the reasons of his variations from the common 
translations ; and he has adduced parallel pas- 
sages firom ancient authors. 

399. The Song of Songs, which is by 
Solomon, a New Tranuation, with a 
Commentary and Notes, by Tho. WiL- 
LIAM8. London, 1801, 8yo, 38. 6d. 

A htenl version. The commentary is in 
connected paragru»hs, nearly upon the plan 
recommended by Komaine ; the notes are in- 
tended to justify the translation, and to ascer- 
tain the hteral sense and exact import of the 
fiOTurative lanffua^, and the dissertations have 
two principal olqects — 1, to trace, from the 
origin of kuuruage itself, the use of metaphorical 
terms, and thence the rise of poetry and alle- 
gory ; 2, to examine the nature and desi«p of 
Solomon's Song, and more porticuL to vindicate 
its divine authority, and allege, application. 
In the vol. will likewise be found an account of 
nearly 40 expositors and commentators on the 
Song. (1.) Second Edition. London, 1828, 
8vo. 

400. Song of Songs, or Sacred Idjrls, 
transl. from the original Hebrew, with 
Notes, critical and explanatory, by John 
Mason Good. Lona., 1 803, 8vo, 69. 

Dr. Good attempts to prove that the Song of 
Songs contains a subhme mystical allegory. 
The transl. is faithful, the poetical version ele- 
gant, and the notes are full of learning, ami 
di^lay oonsidtfable acquaintance wita the 
Eastern writers. 

401. n Cantico de' Candd trad, ed 
iUnstrato dal Evasio Leone. Fermo, 
1803, 4to, 7s. 6d, 

402. Canticles, or Song of Solomon, 
a new transl. from, with Notes and an 
Attempt to interpret the Sacred AUe- 
ffories, by the Rev. John Fby, A.B. 
Lond., 1811, 8vo, 68. 

An accurate version. (1.) Second Edition. 



Lond., 1825, 8vo,6s. The work, vys the Rev. 
£. BickeffBteth, is ' both a critical aoddevo- 
tiona! view of the book.* Subjoined is an 
essay on the name -and character of the Re- 
deemer. 

403. Brief Outline of an Kxammatiop 
of the Song of Solomon, with Remarks, 
critical and expository, by William 
Davidson. Lond., 1817, 8vo,8f. 

The author of this work ooundos tbe Can- 
ticles as an inspired song wholly refernnf ta 
the spiritual Solomon, or Christ and hiitne 
spiritual church, and particulariy to tkeir 
espousalk At tiie end of tbe volume Mr. 
Davidson has divided the poem into boistia 
according to Dr. Kennicott^s mode of piiolag 
the poetical parts of the Old Testameal. 

404. The Holy Minstrel ; beu« the 
Song of Solomon, uid other psrti of 
Scripture, in metre, by Charles Tatloi. 
Glasg., 1820, 121110. 

405. Solomon and Sbulamite: Ser- 
mons on the Book of Canticles, by Dr. 
F. W. Krummacreb. Lcmd., 183*. 
28. 6d. 

406. Scriptural Emblems and Spi- 
ritual Realities, in Three Sermoni im 
the Song of Solomon, transL from tlie 
German. Dublin, 18 — , 8to, 2i. 6^ 

Other Vereions, &c. (1.) Essay oa tbe 
Song of Solomon, by Wm. WnmoK. la hs 
Essay towards restoring the true Text of tke 
O. T. (2.) An Attempt to arrange tk Sour 
of Solomon, and to illustrate it by mumci 
engravings. In the Fragments to Calnet'i 
Dictionary. (3.) Exposition of the Soof <tf 
Songs, by the Rev. John Ssnficfta. Is h* 
works. (4.) A Literal EogUsh Venknofi 
Dutch Traxuriation of the Song of Solonioii, \>l 
J. C. DoEDEKuoN, with a few Notes. In tk 
appendix to vol. xv, of the Critical Review. 

*»* The Rev. £. Bickenteth lefen sbo to 
Augustine, Bede, Bernard, Jerome, Tbeodorot; 
and to Mercer. 

407. Prophets. — Hieronymi Stridon. 
Ck)mmentarii in Prrahetas Majores c( 
Minores, et in Ecdesiasten. 

In the works of St Jerome. 

408. Dion, k RicKBL Enarr. in Ptd- 
phetas Majores. Colon., 1551, foL 

409. Jo. CEcoLAMPADii in JflSiiaflW 
Jeremiam et ejus Lament., EseehidenL 
et in Minores Prophetas Commentini 
Ejusdem in Danielem Libri duo. ^ 
nevse, 1558-67, foL, in 1 vol. 

410. Jo. Calvini Comment, inln- 
iam, item Prselect. in librum Propbft- 
Jeremi», et Lamentationes. Geoervt 
1570, fol. 



177 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



478 



411. Jo. Pappi Scholie in Prophetas, 
Hb Majores quatuor quain Minores 
dttodadm. Francof, 1593, folio. 

412. Schols Propheticse ex Prselect. 
Geo. Gil LI XTi in Jesaiam, Jeremiam, 
ct Eiecbielem coliectae. Quedl., 171 5, 
4to. 

413. SaL Van Til Commentaria 
Anlyticm in varios Libros Propheticos. 
Lofld. Bat, 1744, 4to, 3 vols., lOs. 

Vto Ti)*s vohnninous writings, says Orme, 
we tU very learned but Tery h^ry. In his 
iJwilifiuu on the sitaation of Paradise in this 
work will be found some very valuable infor- 
Mtion respcctinff the geography of Mesopo- 
fris, where, he maintains, the Garden of 
idcBwasiilaced. 



414. Henr. Ar. Hamakbr Commen- 

Ulio in LibeUnm de Vita et Morte 

Ptophetanmi, qui Qnece circumfertur. 

Amt, 1833, 4to. 

' Di^Ritatio hietorioo-chrorographioa de 
lods, obi ProphetsB Hebreorum nati et sepulti 

415. Commentary upon tbe Larger 
tad Letter Propheta, by Wm. Lowth, 
ftebend of Winchester. Third Edi- 
tioo. Lond., 1730, fol., 18«. 

Lowth, says Orme, ' is one of the most 
jiAdoos commentators on the prophets. He 
never prophesies himself, adheres strictly to 
|w litenl meaning of the inspired writer, and 
a yei feoerally evangelical m his interpreta- 
1mm.' His jodicious and solid commentary is 
MUy ooosidered as the continuation of Bp. 
ntrick, and the two are constantly printed 
••fBtW. Dr. Doddridge writes, ' liowth has 
jMpded a judicious commentary, in which 
B*e m some good critical notes, and a fine 
«gwtion of parallels:* and the Rev. £. 
neknaeth observes, that it contains many 
nbible faials on the prophecies. 

416. lateral Translation of the Pro- 
^Mti, from Isaiah to Malachi, with 
I^Iotea, critical, philological and ezpla- 
Mtory, by Lowth, Blatnby, New- 
comb, Wintlb, HoRSLEY, etc. Lond., 
1836, 8vo, 5 vols., publ. at 44#. 

A loifonn edition. 

417. Sammaiy View and Explana- 
^ of the Wntii^ of the PropheU, 
J? John Smith, D.D., of Cambleton. 
Minb., 1787, 12mo, 3s. 6d, 

A judicious abstract of all that is valuable in 
•• ^jn^Bflt of Bp. Lowth, Abp. Newcome, 
op. Hewton, and Dn, Kenoicottand Blayney. 
J*2» originally compiled to accompany a 
J***cvenion of the FrophetB. and was sub- 
•Jjotiy translated into English by the author 
■■••K. It is one of the most comprehensive 
^■JiBJs of ibe prophets ever published — 
■• wwk has attained greater fame and drcu- 
iB Engkod than in the author's native 
(1.) Second Edition. Camb., 1804, 



8vo,4f. (%,) New Edition, with an Introd. 
Notice, by the Rev. Peter Hall. Lond., 1835, 
12mo, 4i. od. A very excellent edition. The work 
consists of, 1, Preliminary Observations and 
General Rules for understanding the Prophetic 
Style ; 2, A Particular Account of each Book 
and Chapter, as they lie in order. In the 
opinion of the Rev. £. Bickersteth, the wwk 
contains * some judicious remarks on the general 
plan of the prophets.* 

418. Die Hebr. Propheten Ubers. und 
Erklart, von J. G. Eichhorn. Got- 
ting., 1816-9, 8vo, 3 vols., 30#. 

A critical translation and exposition of the 
writings of the Hebrew prophets. Eichhorn 
denies all supernatural revelation to the Hebrew 
prophets, believing them to have been clever 
and experienced persons, who, from their 
peculiar abilities, were likely to foresee political 
and other events. The Rev. H. J. Rose ob- 
serves, 'In this work Eichhorn attempts 
to show that the prophecies in the books of the 
O. T. generally merelv give a poetical dreas to 
affairs carried on in the prophet or the poet's 
life-time.' 

419. Les Proph^tes, trad, sur I'He- 
breu, avec des Ezplic. et Notes Cri- 
tiques [par le Presioent Agibr]. Paris, 
1820-2, 8vo, 10 vols. 

Vols. 1 & 2 contain Isaiah; vols. 3 & 4, 
Jeremiah, with an appendix in which will be 
found the Lamentations and the Apocryphal 
book of Baruch ; vols. 5 and 6, Ezechiel ; vols, 
7 and 8, Daniel ; vols. 9 & 10, Les Petits Pio- 
phetes. 

420. Commentary on the Prophecies 
and the N. T. ; with an Epitome of An- 
cient History, Sacred ana Profane, by 
John Webb Cole. Lond., 1826, 8vo, 
2 vols., publ. at 2U. 

The text accompanies the commentary. 

421. Christolo^e des A. T. und Com- 
mentar iiber die Meesianiachen Weissa- 
ffungen der Propheten. von E. W. 
Hknostbnbbrq. BerUn, 1832, 8vo, 
2 vols., 20s. 

See col. 187, no, 497. 

422. New Translation of the Hebrew 
Prophets, arranged in Chronological 
Order, by Geo. R. Noybs. Boston 
(Massachussetts), 1833, roy. 12mo, vol. 1, 
publ. at Ss, 

A judicious work, with concise but useful 
explanatory notes. The vol. contains Joel, 
Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, and Micah. 

Other Treatises on the Prophets, and Pro- 
phecies, will be found in a subsequent part of 
the British Librarian. 

423. Isaiah. — Rabbi Dav. Kimchi 
Comment, in Jesaiam, Lat. versus a 
Cssare Malaminbo. Florent, 1774, 
4to. 

The most esteemed of this learned Rabbi's 
commentaries. He is highly praised by De 
Rossi. 

N 



.179 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



180 



424. Scholia in Esaiam Pfophetam 
ex D. M. LuTUKBi Prselectionibus col- 
lecta. Witteb., 1532, 12mo, 4#. 

An improved edition appeared Tubing., 
1546, 12mo, 4s, 6d. 

425. Jo. CEcoLAMPADii in Jesaiam 
Hypomnematon. Basil., 1525, 4to, lOs. 

426. Wolfg. MuscuLi in Esaiam 
Prophetam Commentarii. Basil., 1557) 
fol. 

427. Jo. Calvini Ck>mment. in 
Isaiam. Genevae, 1583, fol., 7i' 

A former edition, GenevsB, 1551, fol. 7s, 
Another, Geneve, 1617, fol,, 7*. (1.) Com- 
mentary of John Calvin on the Prophecie of 
Isaiah, transl. by Clement Cotton. Lond., 
1609, fol., 18s. 

428. Esaias Propheta, Ck>mmentarii8 
Jo. Brentii. Franc, 1550, fol., 7s. 

429. Zacb. Ursini Ck>mment. in 
Propbetiam Jesais. 

In his works. 

430. Mart. BoRRHAi in Jesaise Pro- 
pbetee Oracula Commentarii, et in Apo- 
cal. Joannis Explicatio. Basil., 1561, 
fol. 

431. Esaise Propbetia, cum Catbol. 
Expos. Eccles. Aug. Marlorati. Apud 
Henr. Stepbanum, 1564, fol., 129. 

Reprintea Genevae, 1610, fol. The work 
contains the commentaries of (Ecolampadins, 
Zuinglius, Luther, Calvin, Pellican, Musculus, 
Vatablus, &c. 

432. Conciones Ezaiae Propbetae ad 
Hebr. Veritatem recognitae, a Victor. 
Strioblio. lips., 1565, 12mo. 

Emesti praises Strigelius, as inferior only to 
Erasmus^ m Greek learning, but greatly his 
superior in Hebrew. At the end of Strigelius' 
Version is a very useful index. 

433. Isaias, expositus Homiliis czc, 
ab Hen. Bullinobro. Tiguri, 1567, 
fol. 

434. Rod. GuALTHBRi in Isaiam 
Homilise cccxxvii. Tiguri, 1583, fol. 

435. Ben. Arise Montani Commen- 
taria in Isaiae Propbetse Sermones. 
Antv., 159d, 4to, 2 vols., \0s. 6d, 

'Arias MontanuB avoit non seulement beau- 
coup d'^rudition, mais aussi bien du bons sens. 
Ses Notes sur TEcriture Sainte sont scavantes et 
j uilicieuses.* — Dupin. 

436. Gasp. Sanctii in Isaiam Com- 

mentsurii cum Paraphrasi. Lugd. 1615, 

fol., lOs. 

This author is highly praised in Antonio's 
Bibl. H^spanict. 



437. Seb. Schmidt, Comment in 
Jesaiam, una cum Annot. io octo pxion 
Capita Josuae. Hamb., 1693, 4to, lOf. 

438. Jo. Geo. DoRSCHii ad Entheas 
Jesaiae Propbetias, eammque singuU 
Capitis Analysis. Hamb., 1703, 4to, 
7s. 6d. 

439. Aug. Varbnii Comment, in Je- 
saiam. Rost., 1708, 4to., 7s. 

Highly oonunended by Walch. 

440. Camp. ViTRiNGiB Patris Com- 
mentarius m librum Prophetianim 
Jesaise. Leovard., 1714-20, fol., 3 ro^ 
36s. 

This performanoe has long maintained a higti 
and deserved celebrity. It is praised by Walek. 
RosenmuUer, Bp. Lowth, Bp. Walaoo, kc 
&c. Orme observes ' those who have time iM 
perseverance to toil through it will require lo 
read very little else on the propAiecies of Issiah; 
and the Rev. £. BidLcrsleth jmHuranoei il to 
be 'one of the most usefol works on tfaii 
prophet that a minister can possess.' It eoa- 
tains a critical investigation of the impcat of tht 
original words, an explanation of .the doctrine^ 
and a full examination of the acoompltshmnt 
of the Prophecies of Isaiab. The hstory and 
circumstances of the neighbouring natioos^ tfai 
Babylonians, Syrians, Moabites, EgyptoB^, 
Arabians, &c., are introduced to illustrate dw 
prophet. (l.)Idem. Leo vaid., 1724, fol.,2Toli., 
42s.; large paper, 52i. 6d. BesteditioD. (1) 
Idem. Basil., 1732, fol, 2 vols., 26$, 

440 a. £v. ScHEiDii Dissert. PhOo- 
logico>exegetica ad Canticum Hiskiie, 
Jes. xxxviii, 9-20; access. Specimen 
Observ. ad xjusedam Loca V. T. Log- 
Bat., 1769, 8vo, 6*, 

441. Esaias, ex recens. Textus Hebrsi 
ad fidem quorundam Codd. mss. et 
Verss. Latine vertit, Notasque varii ar- 
gument! subjecit J. C. Dobdeblbik. 

Norimb., 1789, 8vo, 5s. 

Third eidition of this critical and exceUeol 
work. The first edition appeared at Altdorf ii 
1780, 8vo. Rosenmuller says it disooven |iro* 
found and elegpant learning, and great power 
both of judgment and gemus. hi the trans- 
lation Doederlein follows the principles of 
Dathe. 

442. Jesajse Vaticinia, Annot. per- 
petua illustr. £. F. C. Rosbnmcllbb. 

lips., 1820-9, 8vo, 3 vols., 3l5. 6d. 
See col. 132, no. 82. 

443. Annotations on Isaiab, by Ar- 
thur Jackson. Lond., 1682, 4to, 5«. 

444. Commentary on the Propbet 
Isaiab, by Samuel Whitb. Lond., 
1709, 4to, 6*. 

Wherein the literal sense of his propheciet 
is briefly explained. White, says the Hev. K. 
Bickersteth, is 'An uHra litmlist, but not 
without his use ; follows GrotiuSk* 



m 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



182 



445. Practical Expos, on the 53d Ch. 
of liaiah, by Tho. Manton, D.D. 
London, 1703, 8yo, l6tf. 

446. Paraphrase on Isaiah, by Law- 

rence Holdbn. Chelmsford, 1776, Svo, 

3 roll., 6s. 

7\a ptrapluve, the work of an UoitanaQ 
itiiwnriii^' miaiBter at Jtfaldoa, b in little esti- 

447. Isaiah, a new Translation, with a 
prefiminary Dissertation, and Notes cri- 
tical, philological and explanatory, by 
Bobert Lowth, Bp. of London. Lond., 
1778, 4to, I2s, 

This work lanks very high among Biblical 
vfaokn^-tke transl. is sablime, and the pre- 
^* disert ajul notes invaluable. Dr. Beat- 
tie rmMxkB that Bp. Lowth's Isaiah ' does 
hoDowtooorage and nation;' and Orme ob- 
"fva, * no former translator has expressed the 
■ttaing aod spirit of the erangeKi^l poet so 
"dMcNidy as Lowth.' Its publication was an 
crtin the history and progress of Biblical lite- 
ntwe. It wakened attention to the study of 
the Hebrew Scriptures, and excited the emula- 
tioa of Hebrew scholars, who following his ex- 
mple, haresapplied improved versions of other 
P'^tioni of the prophetic writings. According 
toHeaderMD, ' Lowth's conjectures and emen* 
<htion8 are by some consideTed unwarrantable ;' 
jnd a writer in the Eclertic Review observes 
' Hie «cfaod of Lowth is characterized by an un- 
*vrutable freedom in the use of conjectural 
^■MBdatbns, which has proved highly injurious 
^ the ccc rect critical treatment of the sacred 
J^trnrw.* (L) Eleventh Edition. London, 
W»>,8To,6f. (2.) Isaiah, by Bp. Lowth, witii 
aSomniary View and Explanation of the same. 
J^«"tHig of— 1, Preliminary Observations and 
^^wal Kules fior understanding the Prophetic 
ftjie ; 2, a Particular Account of each Chapter 
n flfder, by John Surra, D.D., of Cambleton. 
}^»d.. 1791, l2mo, 3s, In this edition Bp. 
«>fth'i Prelim. Dissertation and Notes are 
omitted, and Dr. Smith's view and explanation 
^'^'^'led, iu order to render the work more ac- 
wAle to an ordinary class of readers. (3) 
^German Translation of Lowth's Isaiah, by 
Koppi, 1779-81, 4 vols. In this version there 
ve Boles ud disauisitions bv the editor, which, 
p.*he opinion ot Rosenmiiller, are wortfav of 
JfajcombinBd with those of Lowth. (4.) J. 
t- KoEoiEai Vmdicis Sacri Textus Hebnei 
^ adv. Rob. Lowthi Criticam. Berujc, 
J^jMto. 6». This tract was reprinted at Tu- 
^«a in 1790. Bishop Lowth s version was 
*"o tttaeked by Mr. Dodson in his translation, 
yv) Remarks on the Principles adopted by 
}^«hop Lowth in correcting the Text of the He- 
toew Bible, by the Rev. J. Rooxna, M.A. 
0«fafd. 1832, 12mo. 

448. New Tranaktion of Isaiah, with 
Jioteg, by a Layman [Michael Dodson]. 
"jndL, 1790, 8to, 5*. 

Do^on, eays Orme, 'does occasionally catch 
**jTObop tripping; but his censures on the 
"™dox renderings of some important expres- 
**• ttToor more of the, school of Socinus, than 



of the sound principles of criticism.' (I.) Short 
Remarks on a ^ew Translation of Isaiah, by 
John bTUROKs, D.D. London, 1790, 8vo, 3«. 
A very able and spirited pamphlet. ^2.) A 
Letter to the Rev. Dr. Sturges, by Michael 
Dodson. London, 1791, 8vo, 2s. A good deal 
of acuteness and candour are displayed in the 
pamphlets on both sid^, 

449. Lectures on the Prophecies of 
Isaiah, by Robert Macculloch, D.D. 
London, 1791-1805, 8vo, 4 vols., 42s. 

This may be considered as an epitome in 
English of Vitringa's work. Dr. M. ' appears 
to have taken much pains to understand the 
phraseology of the Prophet, and to investigate 
his original design : he marks distinctly the 
leading divisions of the prophecies, and explains, 
at the beginning of each division, its peculiar 
object'— M. Review, 

450. Isaiah, in Hebrew and English, 
the Hebrew Text metrically arranged, 
the Translation altered from that of Bp. 
Lowth, by Jos. Stock, D.D., Bishop of 
KiUala. Bath, 1803, 4to, 128. 

Orme observes, * Dr. Stock contends for a 
metrical arrangement of the Hebrew prose, as 
well as of the poetical writings. In his Isaian he 
often alters the renderings of Lowth, but seldom 
improves them. Some of the notes, however, 
contain critical and philological matter worthy 
of omsideration.' 

451. Proph^ies d' Isaie, trad, en 
Francais, avec des Notes [par M. Pru- 
nellede Librb]. Paris, 1823, 8vo, 5s. 
SeecoL 178, no. 419. 

452. Commentary on Isaiah, being a 
Paraphrase wiUi Notes, shewing the Li- 
teral Meaning of the Prophecy, by Alex. 
Frasbr. !^inb., 1800, 8vo. 

Much light is thrown on passages by the 
principle here adopted. — Bickersteth. I'he 
work, says Orme, 'discovers much sound sense, 
and scriptural knowledge, and a talent for cri- 
tical exposition.' 

453. Der Prophet Jesaia Ubers u, mit 
einem vollstand. philolog. Kht, u. His^ 
tor. Commentar bfgleitet, von W . G b s b- 
NIU8. Leipz., 1821-9> 8vo, 3 vols, in 
4 parts, 31s. 6d. 

* In the free style of Gennan criticism— other- 
wise a splendid production.' (\.) Jesaia der 
prophet neu Ubersetzt von W. Gj^si^nius. 
Leipz., 1829, 8vo, 4«. 6d. 

454. Isaiah, transl. from the Hebrew, 
with critical and practical Remarks ; to 
which is prefixed a Preliminary Disser- 
tation on the nature and use of Pro- 
phecv, by the Rev. Alfred Jenour. 
London, 1831, 8vo, 2 vols., 20s. 

A faithful version, with a judicious and in- 
structive commentary. Ihe object of the author 
is to combine in one work the advantages of a 
critical and devotional cominentary, together 
with a new version and a metrical arrangement. 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



183 

Jenour's expowtioM are strictly and Jughly 
evangelical, and he is an advocate for the dou- 
ble sense of prophecy. 

466. Isaiah, transl. from the Hebrew 
Text of Vander Hooght, by the Rev. 
John JoNBB. Oxford, 1830, 12mo, 5s. 

A valuable specimen of translation. Jones 
has diligently compared the versions and illus- 
trations of Schmidt. De Dieu, Vitringa, Bps. 
Lowth and Stock, Dathe, Rosenmiiller, Gese- 
nius, and others. 

466. Jesajader Prophet Ubersetitund 
Ausffcdegt, von F. Hitzio. Heidelb., 
1833, 8vo, 7«. 6«i. 

457. Select Parte of Isaiah, with Com- 

mentaries, &c. 

(1.) Vaticiniorum Jesaias Pars, c. 40 usque 
ad 66, Hebr. ad numerosrecen. Vers, et Notas 
adjecit C. J. Greve. Amst., 1810, 4to, 15s. 

(2.) Critical Disquisitions on the 18th chap- 
ter of Isaiah, by Samuel rHoR»i.EY], Bishop of 
Rochester. London, 1799, 4to, As, 6d. Re- 
printed in his biblical Cnticism on the Old 

Testament. . , . ^ . -^ 

(3.) Jo. Marckii Analysis Exegetica Cap. 
53 JesaiiB, acced. Mantissa Observ. Textua- 
lium. Lug. BaU, 1700, 12mo, 5«. 

(4.) Exposition on Isaiah's Parabokcal 
Song of the Beloved, by Neh. Rogers. Lond., 
1632, 4to, 7«. , ,, 

(6.) Christ Crucified, or the Marrow of the 
Gospel, in 72 Sermons on the 53d of Isaiah, by 
James Durham. London, 1723, fol., 15». Best 
edition. The expos, works of Durham are 
highly respectable for their good sense, en- 
lightened piety, and practical acquaintance with 
the Scriptures.'— Orroe. ( ) An Edition. 
Glasg., 1761, 4to, 6». ( ) Another. Glasg., 
1792. 8vo, 2 vols.. 10«. _ ^ ^ «j ^u r 
(6.) Practical Exposition of the 53d Ch. of 
Isiuah, by Thomas Manton, with Portrait Lon- 
don. 1703, fol., 18f. ^ ^^^ ^^ ^ . 
(7.) Commentary on the 53d Chapter of 
Isaiah, by S. Harris, D.D. Lond., 1739, 4to. 
Prof. Harris* curious and learned book is com- 
mended by Dr. Doddridge. Beside* the Com- 
mentary it contains three dissertations on an 
advocate, on generation, on the ancient method 
of propounding important points by way of 
question, and also an appendix of 80 queries on 
ancient religious traditions and practices. 

(8.) Sermons on the 53d Chapter of Isajah, 
the Beatitudes, and other Subjects, by the Rev. 
John Hamblbton. Second Edition. London, 
183-,8vo,publ.atl04.6cf. 

•»• The Kev. E. Bickersteth refers also to 
Bede, Cyril, Chrysostom, Jerome, Basil ; and 
to Scultetus, ZuingliuB. 

458. Jeremiah and Lamentations. — 
Rabani Mauri, Archiep. Mogunt., 
Commentaria in Hieremiam Prophe- 
tam. Basil., 1534, foL 

459. Jo. Calvini Praelectiones in 
Libram Prop. Jeremifle etLamentationes. 

Gencv., 1576,fol., 9*. ,,^ , , « 

Other Editions— Genevas, 1563. fol., 9». ; 
Geneve, 1589, fol,, 9i.i Amst., 1667, fol., 18». 



m 



(1.) XXIILecturesonlliefintfiveChi|te» 
of Jeremiah, by JohnCiLviN. Loodgn, ivBK), 
4to,25s. 

460. Jeremias expositos Condombas 
clxx Uen. Bullingbbi. Tiguri, 1575v 
foL 

461. Christ, k Cabtbo Comment in 
JeremiseLamentationes et Banich. Ptfii., 
1609, foL, lOs. 

462. Casp. Sanctii in Jerenuim 
Prophetam et Threnos Commentarii, 
cum Paraphrasi. Lugd., 1618, foL, Ito. 

An account of Sanctius will be found in the 
Bibl. Hisp. of Antonio. 

463. Mich. Ghislbri Comment in 
Jeremiam, item in Baruch ; et brews D. 
Jo. Chrysostomi in Jeremiam Ezplan. 
et Octo Oriqbnis Homiliae. 1^*» 
1623, fol., 3 vols. 

464. Seb.ScHMiDii Comment in Jere- 
miam. Franc, 1685, 4to, 2 vols., 18«. 

* Immo inter omnes expositiooes dicti pn»- 
phetaB quae in lucem emisss sunt, priiici|iitBiB 
tuetur.'— Walch. 

465. Jac. ALTiNOiiCommentariniiB 
Jeremiah Prophetam. Amst, l6S8. 

In his collective works. 

466. Jo. FoRSTBBi Comment in Jere- 
miam. Vitcmb., 1699, 4to, 6s, 

'Non omni quidem studio elaborates iU» 
est ; prsbettamen, siconsulatur, utilititem.— 
Walch. 

467. Herm. Vbnbma Comment ad 
librum Prophet Jeremia. LeovardDe, 
1765, 4to, 2 vols., 12*. ; large paper, I5i 

An esteemed work, * quo conciones nte d»- 
tingruuntur; soopus, nexus, et series samoat 
accurate investigatur ; perpetua paiaph riatf- 
ponitur ; et selectis observatis voces ac pw«» 
illustrantur, ac implementi demonstrstiooa, 
ubi opus fuerit, confirmantur.' 

468. Threni Jeremia, pluloL etait 
illustrati, a Jo. Henr. Pabbau. Lugii 
Bat., 1793, 8vo, 5*. 

469. Jo. Dav. MicHABLis Obecrv. 
philoL et criticje in Jeremi« VaticinJ* «t 
Threnos, edidit, multigque Animwr. 
auxit Jo. Fried. Schlbusnbb. w^' 

1793, 4to, lOs. 

An esteemed work. (1.) J. F. SaanJWfi" 
Dissert, tres, quae continent Ob«rvation» » 
Vaticinia Jeremi«, Tubrng., 1793, 4to, w. 

470. Jeremias Vates, e Versione Jn- 
dseorura Alexandrinorum ac rdiq. *^- 
terpr. Gr. emandatus, Notisqne cnticM 
illustratus a G. L- Spohn. UpsiK,l79*» 
1823, 8vo, 2 vols. 14*. 

An esteemed work. 

471 Jeremice Vaticini* et Ttomr 



)8S 



BIBUCAL COMMENTARIES. 



186 



UiSm vff^ et AnDol. perpet. illustr. 
E. F. C. RoiBNMULLBR. lips., 1826-7> 

8teeoLl^iK>.82. 

472. Hie Ltmentatioiis of Jeremiah, 
trunL from the Hebrew, with short 
Notet» by Uiurh Bkouohton. 

la hm collected works. 

473. Jeremiah and Lamentations, a 
New Translation with Notes critical, 
philological and explanatory, by Benj. 
Blatmit, D.D. Oxford, 1784, 4to, 
12*. 

Thii work was intended as a continuadon of 
Bp. Lowtk's Isaiah. Dr. Blayney has arranged 
tmral parts differently from the printed He- 
l«rev text, and has noticed the various readings 
vitk Knpulow exactness. (1.) New Edition. 
Eifinb., 1810, 8vo, 6f. (2,) An Edition. Lon- 
doD,l836,8TO,8f. 

474. J^r^oue, trad, snr le Texte orig., 
accQDpagn^ des Notes explic, histor., 
etentiqiM8,per J. G. Dahlkr. Strasb., 
18K, Syo, 7#. 

The hatmcal parts are printed as prose, and 
^ poetical parts are in nemwtics, as in the 
Ilcbcew. The introdaction and notes are very 



See coL 178, DO. 419. 

*•* The Rev. £. Bickersteth reCors also to 
JwoiDe, Origen, Theodore, Ambrose, Chry- 
•Qtton; and to Bnllinger, Calvin, Chytneus, 
IJutyr, Melancthon, CEcolampadins, Zuin- 

475. EaeldeL — Jo. CEcolampadii in 
EiechielemCommentarins. Basil., 1643, 
fcL,l5#. 

A fDnncr edition edited by W. Capito, Ar- 
g«rtn 1534, 4to. 12*. 

476. Esechiel ad Ebraicam Veritatem 
f^oognitos, et Argum. atque Scholia 
iBuMns, opera Vict. Strigblii. 
^»., 1539, 8VO, 51. 

477. Lod. Lavatbri Ck>mment. in 
^ndofd. Geneve, 1671, fol., 7*. 6d. 

478. Hier. Pradi et Jo. Bapt. Vil- 
ULPANDi in Ezechielem Explanationes, 
^ Apparatus Urbis ac Teinpli Hierosol. 
(^<>auDeiitariis iUustratas. Romae, 1596- 
1604, fol., 3 Tola., 63#. 

A «»k diapkying great research, learning, 
ttdiad artiy, pronouiced by the Rev. £. bick- 
2<^ to be ' the most learned exposition of 
■J^fictilt hook.* Mr. Lowth was greatly in- 
^^Ifl^. to it. Comes are seldom found in good 
^^"^atio^ particmariy with respect to the plates. 

479. Math. Hafbnrbffbri Tem- 
p™ Eaechielis, sive in ix postrema 
P'^iipbetae Capita Commentanus, una 
nnnTempli Architectonica. Tubingse, 
»6l3,foL:i6#. 

HicUy praised by Walch. Vogt observes 
"■ >n«rnrior,iMe satis oognitos. 



480. J. F. Starckii (Jommentarii 
in Ezechielem, cum Prefatione Jo. G. 
Pritii. Franc, ad Moen., 1731, 4to, I4s. 

* A great mass of useful and practical matter 
in this work, with doctrines drawn from each 
verse.' — Bickenteth. It is also highly praised 
by Walch and Pritius. 

481. Herm. Vbnbma Lection. Acad, 
ad Esechielem, edidit et prsefatus est J. 
H. Vbrschuir. Leov., 1790-1, 4to, 
2 vols., I2s, 

482. Ezechielis Vaticinia, Lat. vertit 
et Annot. perpet. illustr. E. F. C. Rosbn- 
MULLBR. Lipsise, 1826, 8yo, 249. 

See col. 132, no. 82. (1.) Ezechielis Vati. 
cinia. . . in Compendium redacta, cum 
figuris. Lips., 1633, 8vo, 20i. 

483. Exposition of the Prophecy of 
Ezekiel, by George Grbbnhill. Lon- 
don, 1645-67, 4to, 5 vols., 949. 6d, 

This practical and useful Exposition is seldom 
found complete. In the opinion of the Rev. £• 
Bickersteth it is ' very full of doctrine and 
use ;* and Orme observes ' like all the pro- 
ductions of the Puritans, it is evangelical, and 
stored with the knowledge of the Scriptures.' 
(1.) An Edition revised and corrected by the 
Rev. James Shsbmam. London, 1837, super- 
roy. 8vo, publ. at 25i. 

484. Attempt towards an Improved 
Version, a Metrical Arrangement, and 
an Explanation of the Prophet Ezekiel, 
by Wm. Nbwcomb [Abp. of Armagh]. 
Dublin, 1788, 4to, 30s, 

This version, says Orme, ' is a monument of 
the learning aind diligence of the archbiBhop. 
The preface is verv valuable, and deserves to 
be read along with Lowth's preliminary dis- 
sertation to Isaiah.' (1.) An Edition. London, 
1836, 8vo, 8«. 

485. Prophecy of Ezekiel concerning 
GoguCj the last Tyrant of the Church, 
his Invasion of Itos, his Discomfiture, 
and final Fall; examined, and in Part 
illustrated, by Granville Penn, Esq. 
London, 1814, sm. 8vo> 3s. 

486. The Temple of Ezekiel, by Solo, 
mon Bbnnbt. London, 1824, 4to, 
lOs. 

An duddation of the 40th, 41st, 42d, &c 
chapters of Ezekiel, consistently with the 
Hebrew original, and a minute description of 
the original, on scientific principles, illustrated 
by a ground plan, and bind's-eve view. 

•^* The Rev. E. Bickersteth refers also to 
Gregory, Jerome, Augustine, Theodoret ; and 
to Junius. 

487. Daniel. — Daniel Hebraice, cum 
Comment. R. Mosis Alscubcu. Const., 
1598, 4to, 7s. 6d, 

See eoL 29, no. 15. 

488. Joseph! JachiaduB Paraphrasis 



187 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



m 



in Danielem, cum Vers, et Annot. Const. 
L'Empkrbur. Amst., 1633, 4to, Ss, 

4S9. P* Mblancthonis Comment, 
in Danielem. Witeb., 1543, 12mo, 3s. 

490. Daniel ezpositus Homiliis Ixvi 
Henr. Bullinobri. Tiguri, 1566, 
foL 

491. Jo. Calvini Prselect. in librum 
Prophetiarum Danielis* Genevae, 1591> 
foL, 105. 

Much esteemed. A former edition ap- 
peared in 1671. foL, 7s. 6rf. (1.) .^o. Calvini 
Pnelect. in Librum Proph. Danielis, necnon 
in XII Prophetas Minores. Amst, 1667, fol., 
lbs, (2.) Quarante-sept Sermons sur les huid 
demiers Chapitres de Prouheties de Daniel, 
par Jean Calvin. Rochelle, 1666, fol. ^3.) 
Commentaries of John Calvin upon the Pro- 

{>het Daniell, transl. into English, especially 
or the use of the Family of the Earle of 
Huntingdon. London, John Daye, 1670, 4to, 
18«. 

492. Prophets Danielis Ezpositio, 
Franc. Junio auctore. 

In the first vol. of his works. 
(1.) Jo. (Ecolampadii in Danielem. See 
col. 176, no. 409. 

493. Jo. SvANiNOii Commentarii in 
Danielem. Haunise, 1554-66, fol., 2 vols. 

Highly praised by Waleh. (1.) Editio 
altera. Hatnis, 1688, fol., 2vols. 

494. Rob. RoLLoci Comment, in Li- 
brum Danielis Prophets. Edinb., 159l> 
4to, 10«. 6d, 

Reprinted Geneve, 1610, sm. 8vo, 4<. 6d. ; 
Andreap., 1692, sm. 8vo. ; Geneve, 1698, 8vo. 

495. Mart. Gbieri Prslect. Acad, in 
Danielem. Lipsise, 1702, 4to, 125. 

Best edition of one of the most valuable of 
Geier*8 expository works. The former appeared 
in 1667, 4to, 7«. 

496. Prodromus Danielicus, auctore 
Ger. Kbrkherderb. Lovanii, 1710, 
sm Svo, 4s. 6d. 

497. Daniel, Latine vertit, et Annot. 

Esrpet. iUustr. E. F. C. Rosbnmullbb. 
ips., 1832, Svo, \0s. 6d. 
See col. 132, no. 82. 

An abstract of Professor Henntenberg's ela- 
borate vindication of the Book of Daniel against 
the objections of recent German nedogical 
writers, will be found in Home's Introduction 
to the Scriptures. See col. 178, no. 421 . 

498. Exposicion of Daniel the Pro- 
phete, by George Joys. Geneve, 1545, 
sm. Svo, 31 s. 6d. 

'Gathered out of Melancthon JE^olampadius, 
Pellicane. and Draconite. A Prophccye dili- 
^ntly to be noted of all Emprowrs andiCinges 
in these lastedays.' (1.) An Edition. Lon- 
don, Tho. Raynalde, 1660, sm. Svo, 16«. 

499. Translation of the Book of Daniel, 



with a Commentary in English and in 
Latin, by Hugh Broughton. 

In his collective works. (1.) CommeoLiii 
Danielem ab Hug. Brouohton, Lat per Ja 
BosEEL. BasiL, 1619, 4to. 

500. Hexapla, that is, a Sixfold Com- 
mentary on Daniel, by Andrew Willkt. 
Cambndge, 1610, fol., I4s. 

The most valuable of all this Puritan'i oon- 
mentaries. Dr. Willtams speaks respeetfoD; 
of them all ; but in none of them, he siys, doei 
he discover more skill and judgment thsa is 
that of Daniel. It ' is a work of much iniv- 
mation, as it contains the optnioos of vutcf 
authors on each point of difficulty.' 

501. Whole Prophecie of Danid ex- 
plained by a Paraphrase, Analyns and 
Comment, by Ephraim Huit. London, 
l643,4to, 7s. 6d. 

Dedicated to the Lady Dow. Brooke, of 
Beauchamp's Court, by Simeon Ask, Sta. 
Clarke and Wm. Overton. 

502. Exposition of the Prophet Dt- 
niel, by Henry Mors, D.D. London, 
1681, 4to, 6s. 

There were remarks on this, and his book aa 
the Apocalypse in 1690. 4to. More pvbliiked 
also Answers to Remarks, 1684, 4to ; Sappi^ 
meuts and Defences, 168o, 4to ; PartUponeiia 
Prophetica, 1686, 4to ; Notes on Darnel ud 
the Apocalypse, 1686, 4to. 

503. The Vision and Prophecies of 
Daniel explained according to the Met- 
sure of the Gift of Christ, 1700, 12mo. 

Many useful remarks in this book, vrittEi 
by a humble, devout, and spintnally-iniiule^ 
Christian, not holding a pre-millennial tdvest 
— Bickersteth. 

504. Vindication of the Antiquity and 
Authority of Daniel's Prophedes, and 
their Application to Jesus Christ, bj 
Sam. (JHANDLBR. Lond., 1728, 8vo» 
3s. 6d. 

An answer to Tindal*s Scheme of literal 
Pronhecy considered. (I.) The Ofajectiooi 
of a late Anon. Writer ag. the Book of Dmd 
considered. Camb., 17t«, 8vo. 

505. Observations on the Propbeciei 
of Holy Writ, particularly those of Da- 
niel and the Apocalypse of St. JohB, by 
Sir Isaac Nkwton. London, 1733, 4to, 
9s.; larffe paper, 120f. 

All suDseauent commentators are largdj 
indebted to the labours of Sir Isaac Ne^^too. 
It will be found in the 6fth volume of his col- 
lective works. ( 1 . ) A n Edition. Dublin, 1 733, 
8vo,6«. (2.) A New Edition, with the Cits- 
dons translated, and Notes, by P. Boimi- 
WICK. Lond., 1831, 8vo, publ. at lOf. (3>) 
Idem, Latine, a M. Suoemann. AmtiL, 1737. 
4to. 

506. Essay towards reconciling the 
Numbers of Daniel and St. John, by 



189 



BIBUCAL COMMENTARIES. 



190 



Georgt Bu&TON, with a Supplement 
Konnch, 1766^,8to, Ss. 

Acoordin^ to Burton's calculadons the con- 
Tcnkn of Uk Gentiles and the Millennium will 
eonunenoe in the yew 2436 : the battle of God 
tnd Magofr ^*ill begin in 3430, and the Millen- 
MB tomiDate in 3436. 

507. Essay towards an Interpretation 
of the Propfatecies of Daniel, with occas. 
Remaiks on some of the most cele- 
brated Commentators on them, by Ri- 
chifd Amnbr. London, l776,8TO,af.6d 

According to Orrne, ' the leading design of 
tii^work is to establish the hypothesis of Gro- 
tios in opposation to that of Mede and Newton 
-thai the prof^iecies of Daniel do not relate to 
the Mesnan, or to the erents of his reign.' The 
•athor was an Unitarian minister. The Rev. 
T. H. Horne observes, the ' work (which is 
BoCaeed only to |rat the unwary reader on his 
rvsrd against it) was reprinted in 1798, with 
naoe other tracts, tending to show that certain 
pnages of Scnp>nire, which clearly announce 
a fotare resurrection, relate to nothing more 
Ihna nere temporal deliverance !' See Bri- 
tiACritie,nii.29a^ 

508. Darnel, an improved Version at- 
tempted, with Notes, critical, historical, 
and explanatory, by Thomas Wintlb, 
BJ[>. Oxford, 1792, 4to, 14«. 

A very valuable translation, executed on the 
snae plan as Bishop Lowth*s version of Isaiah. 
The judidoaB commentary may be justly con- 
mitnd aa a text hook to all who are desirous of 
a dam and thcvough acouamtance with those 
avwpropheciek (1.) An Edition. London, 
1807. 4lD, 14i. (%) Another. London, 1836, 
^m,Si. In one of Wintle's Bampton Lectures 
an Koutrfcs on the prophecies of Haggai, 
Makchi, and DanieL 

509. Nach d. Hebraisch — Aramais- 
cbcB nea Ubersetzt und Erklart. mit ein. 
ToOstand. Knleit. nnd Einigen H ist. und 
Exeget. Excnrsen, von L. Bbbtholdt. 
Ed, 1806<^, 8yo, 2 vols., 12$. 

&10. Obflenrationa on the Visions of 
Dankl, and on part of the Book of the 
Bavfbiion of St. John, with an Ap. 
padiz, by the Rev. Wm. Girdle- 
troonr. Oxford, 1820, 8yo, 6s. 

SIl. HoTK Prophetical, or Disserts- 
imm on the Book of Daniel, by Jos. 
Wi&aoir, A.M. Onndle, 1824, 8vo, 8s, 

519. Babylon and Infidelity fore- 

faned of God, by the Rev. Edward 

Ixwmo. Glasgow, 1826, sm. 8yo, 2 

lOf. 6cL,; 8VO, I2s. 
A dMeouneoB the prophecies of Daniel and 



S13. Outlines of Lectures on the 

of Daniel, by F. A. Cox, LL.D. 

LoBdon, 1833, I2s. 
A meamd edition appeared in 1834, 12mo. 



514. Disquisitions, &c. relating to par- 
ticular Prophecies of Daniel. 

( 1.) Exposition of the last and most difficult 
Part of the Prophecy of Daniel, by Thomas 
Bbiohtm AN. The great object of this Puritan's 
system of prophecy, both m this work, and in 
his Revelation Revealed is to prove that the 
Pope is that Antichrist, whose rei^ is limited 
in 1290 days or years ; and who is then fore 
doomed by God to utter destruction. 

(2.) DanieFs Weeks: an Interpretation of 
Part of the Prophecy of Daniel, by Joseph 
Mede. London, 1643, sm. 4to, 3s. 6(/. Trea- 
tises on obscure paasajpes in Daniel will be 
found in the works of Jos. Mede. 

(3.) liber Ixx Hebdomadum Renprpatus 
seu in Cap. ix Danielis — Ayrou Disser- 
tatio. Koms, 17l3,8vo, 5s. 

(4.) Chron. Essay on the 9th Chapter of 
Daniel, or an Interpretation of the Seventy 
Weeks, by P. Lancaster. London, 1722, 
4to, 4». 

(5.) Chronol. Treatise upon the Seventy 
Weeks of Daniel, by Benj. Marshall. Lond., 
1725, 8vo, 4f . 6d, This vol. contains a prac- 
tical disquisition upon three treatises by Bp. 
Lloyd, Dr. Prideaux, and Mr. Lancaster ; also 
chronol. tables. ( .) Three Letters in farther 
Vindic. of the Bp. Lloyd's Hypothesis, by 
Benj. Marshall. Lond., 1728, 8vo. 

(6.) Explanation of Daniel's Prophecy of 
the Seventy Weeks, by John Johnson. Load., 
1728, 8vo. 

(6 a.) Calculation of the Seventy Weeks of 
Daniel, Explanations of the most difficult 
Chapters of Revelations, &c., by Nath. 
Marcxwick, with a Supplement. London, 
1728-30, 8vo,5«. 

(7.) Adr. Kluit Vaticinium de Messia 
Duce Primarium, sive Explicatio Ixx Hebdo- 
madum Danielis : accedunt MantLssse de Anno 
Judcorum Jubilseo, de ultimo Christi Pas- 
chate horum computn, de nupera Jo. Juogii 
Dissertatione. Mediob., 1744, 8vo, 6s. 

(8.) Herm. Venema ptraert. ad Vaticinia 
Danielis cap. ii, vii, et viii^ item Comment, ad 
Danielis cap. xi, 4-45, xii, 1-3. Leovardie, 
1745, 52, 4to, in 1 vol., 7s. 6d. Reprinted in 
1768, 4to, 7s. 6(L It is commended by Walch. 

(9.) Observations on Daniel s Prophecy of 
the Seventy Weeks [by Dan. Macqueen, 
D.D.J. Edinb., 1748, 8vo, 3s. An able 
tract mtended as a reply to a pamphlet in 
which the prophecy ot Daniel was applied 
wholly to the Jews. 

(10.) Jo. Dav. MicHABLis. Epistolae de Ixx 
Hebdomadibus ad D. Jo. Pringle Baronettum. 
Londini, 1773, 8vo, 6s. These letters ' contain 
some ingenious but rather singular views of 
the celebrated prophecy of Daniel.' — Orme« 
(I1-) Dissertation by way of Inquiry into 
Daniel's Prophecy of Seventy Weeks, with 
some Occas. Remarks on Prof. Michaelis' 
Letters to Sir John Pringle. by Beni. Blaykkt. 
Oxford, 1776, 4to,3s. 6rf. A leameci tract 

( 12. ) Exnianation of the Seventy Weeks of 
Daniel, by John Caverhill, M.D. London, 
1777, 8vo, 3s. 6d. Dr. Caverhill has certainly, 
sa^rs Orme, studied the subject on which he has 
written with great care, and brought a consi- 
derable portion of learning to bear on it. 

(13.) Nine Sermons on Daniel's Seventy 



191 



ABLIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



W 



Weeks, by Richard Wnnuu London, 1777, 
8vo,4s. 

(14.) LXX Hebdomidum, quas Gabriel ad 
Danielem detulerat, Interpretatio, Paraphrasis, 
Computatio, cum Vocab. di£Sc. Explicadone, 
etc. auctore Jo. Uri. Oxon., 1788, 8vo, 3i. 

15. Joan. Moore Propheaie de Septuaginta 
Hebdomadis apud Damelem Explication £cc. 
cum NotiB. Lond., 1802, 8vo. 3<. 

(16.) Diflsertation on Daniel's Prophecy of 
the Seventv Weeks, by Georae Stanley Fader, 
BJ). Lond., 18n,8vo,6s. Faber's Calendar of 
Proj^hecy throws much light on the predictions 
of this book. See also, post, Polemical Divinity. 

(17.) New Interpret of the Prophecy of 
the Weeks of Daniel ; contained in a Discourse, 
accompanied by (Critical Dissertations ; together 
with an Appendix, enumerating the different 
Schemes that have hitherto been proposed for 
its solution, by the Rev. W. Magee. 8vo. 

( 18. ) Exposition of such of the Prophecies of 
Daniel as receive their Accomplishment under 
the N . T. ; together with a Comparison between 
them and the Apocalypse, as explained by Dr. 
Bengelius, transl. from the German of Ma^us 
Fred. Rods, by Ebenezer Henderson. Edinb., 
181 1 , 8vo. ThiB is not, says Orme, ' a very in- 
tere8tin|r book. The details are too minute, and 
some of the views not likelvto be received.' 

( 19. ) Enquirv into the Crrounds on which the 
PropheticPeriod of Daniel and StJohn has been 
supposed to consist of 1260 Years, by the Rev. S. 
R. Maftland. London, 1826, 8vo, np. 86,. 3<. 
Maitland is ' an acute searcher into the founda- 
tion of preceding interpretations, but in the 
author's view, difficulties are raised on insuffi- 
cient grounds.' — Bickersteth. (20.^ Reply to 
an Inquiry by the Rev. S. R. Maitland, mto 
the Grounds on which the Prophetic Period of 
Daniel and St. John has been supposed to con- 
sist of 1260 years, by a Member of the Church 
of England. 8vo, 3s. (21.) A Second In- 
quiry . . . containing an Exam, of the 
Arguments of Mede : Remarks on a Passage 
in the Dialogues of Prophecy, on various Re- 
views of the First Inquiry, and on the Commdn 
Interpret, of the Seven Heads of the Beast, by the 
Rcv.S.R.Maitland. Lond.,1829,8vo, 6s. (21 .) 
Letter to the Rev. W. Digby, A.M., occa- 
sioned by his ' Treatise on the Twelve Hundred 
and Sixty Days,' by the Rev. S. R. Mattlano. 
London, 183L 8vo, 2s. (22.) The Twelve 
Hundred and Sixtv Days, in reply to a Review 
in the Morning Watch, by the Rev. S. R. 
Maitland. 8vo, Is. (23.) The Twelve Hun- 
dred and Sixty Days, in reply to the Strictures 
of William Cfuninghame, Esq., of Lainshaw, 
by the Rev. S. R. Maitland. London, 1834, 
8vo. 3s. 6c/. 

(240 Discourses on Daniel's Vision of the 
Four Beasts, by the Rev. Edw. Irving. 1829. 
8vo, 8s. 

(25.) Dissertation on the Seventy Weeks of 
Daniel the Prophet, by the Rev. John Stonabo, 
DJ). London, 1825, 8vo, 14s. An elaborate 
and excellent work, 

(26.) Dissertation concerning the Chronolo- 
hical Numbers recorded in the Prophecies of 
Daniel as compared with those in the Revela- 
tion of St John, by the Rev. Philip Alwood, 
B.D. London, 1833, 8vo. 

(37.) Illiwtration of Daniel's Last Vision, by 



— FARqvHABsoN. l4>ndoD, 1838, pott Svo, 

pubL at 5s. 6d. 

. *»* The Rev. E. Bickersteth iciers abo to 

Jerome, Ambrose, Augustin, St. ChrysoMom ; 
and to Luther. 

For other treatises on theProphecies, see, 
post. Polemical Divinity. 

515. Minor Prophets. — S. Ctrillus, 
Patriarcha Alex., in xii Prophetma, Gt. 
et Lat. a Jac. Pontamo prinMim 
edituB. IngoUt.y 1607» foL 

516. Albbbti Magni, Epise. Ra- 
tisp., in xii Minores Prophetaa Entrra- 
tionea. Colon., 1536, fol. 

517» Jo. CEcdLAMPADii Adnoi. in 
Hoseam et Prophetas Minores. BasiL, 
1525. 

518. Rod. GuALTHKRiin Prophetas 
xii Minores Commentarii. T^gnn, 1573, 
fol. 

519. Jo. Calvin I Prselect. in xii 

Prophetas Minores. Geneva, 1581, fol., 

12«. 

A former edition appeared in ISSQ, kiL 
10s. 6d. 

520. Ben. Ariie Montaki Conunnit 
in xii Prophetas Minores. Ant., 1583, 
4to. 

521. Ed. LiVBLT Adnotationes in 
Hoseam, Joelem, Amos, Abdiam* d 
Jonam. Lond., 1587, Svo. 

lliese short annotations were rspabUAsdis 
the Critici SacrL and are highly extoUed k? 
Poole in the Prence to his Synonia. Uvtly 
was appointed one of the translators of oar 
present English version. 

522. FVanc. de Rib bra Commast is 
librum xii Prophetanun. Colon., 1593. 
fol. 

' Complectentes sensum propheUnun IriAar^ 
et moralem, perscpe etiam aUegorioom.* ( i. > 
Editio altera. Colon., 1610, lol. 

523. Jo.Mbrcbri Ck)mTnent.h] Pro- 
nhetas quinque priores, intereos qui 
Minores vocantur [Geneve], 1598, W- 

524. Lamb. Danjbi Comment in xb 
Prophetas Minores. Genev.. 1586. 8vo. 

Reprinted in I5d4, 8vo. The ecbtkm of 1578, 
8vo, contains only eight out of the tmm\ 
minor prophets. Daneus was a pruifeawr at 
Berne— his commentary is useful. — Bickf 
(1.) A Fruitfull Commentarie upon theTwdi 
small Prophets, written in Latin br Las' 
Dancus, and turned into English by U 
Stockwooo. Lond., 1594, 4to. 

525. Jo. Drcsii Comment, in 
phetas Minores xii. Amst., lGi7, <1 
2 vols. 

These commentaries are iaduded is 
Critici Sacri. 

526. As Patidicus, sive xii 



193 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



194 



Mmores, Lat. Metap. Poet expositi, 
nrtun a Jac. Aug. Thuano, partiiD a 
CuBr. RnrsRSHUsio. Amhergsd, 1604, 
8to. 

RcMnaittller bu fm^uently ched this work 
m bb Scholia on the Minor Prophets. Accord- 
iirto the Rev. T. H. Home the vol. contains, 
I^ Three Latin paraphrases of the Lamenta- 
OOBs of Jeremiah, by De Thou, Joachim 
C aawB aliu s, and Adun Siberos; 2, a poet 
pinphrase of the Ist ch. of Isaiah, by an ano- 
■yraoos French anthor ; 3, a paraphrase of the 
3d ch. of Isaiah, by H. Meibomius ; 4, a poet 
Mnphrase of ch. 36-8 of Isaiah, by J. C. 
miBeUiiis ; 5. Darnel preserved among* the 
hoos, by Rittershusiiis : 6, nine of the psakns in 

by Kitterdioaus. 



5^. Steph. Fabricii Sacne Con- 
ckmet in S. Prophetaa Minores. Bern®, 
1641, foL 

528. Jo. Tarnovii in Prophetas 
Minores Commentarins, cum Praetatione 
Jo. Ben. Carpzovii. Francof., 1688, 
4to» 13f. 

529. Vaddnia Chabacuci et Nachumi, 
itaaaoe nonnulla Jesaise, Micheae, et 
Etecoklis Oracula, observat. ex Historia 
Dwdori Sccnli circa Res Sardanapali 
ilhMtrata, auctore R. T. Gottlieb Ka- 
LnrsKT. VratiBl., 1748, 4to, 9*. 

In the list of biblical treatises recommended 
by Birfwp Watson. 

530. Jo. Marckii Comment, in xii 
Proi^ietas Minores, prseroittitur Prse- 
&tio C. M. Ppaffii. Tubings, 1734, 
foL, 2 vols., 30#. 

Best edition. Markius' commentaries are 
■neb eiCieemed. (1.) £ditio Prima. Amst, 
1696-1701. 4to, 5 vols., 20s. 

531. Car. Mar. Ds Veil Ezplicatio 
Liberdis xii Prophetarum Minorum. 
lMidtai» 1680, 8vo, 48, 6d. 

This work, says Orme, * is very valuable.' 
* y aearicb6 le sens htt^ral de beaucoup de 
hettcs ranarques, tiroes de speres, des inter- 
pvles, des mcenrs, et des fa^ons de parler des 
mhfeax, doot il avoit une parfiute connois- 
MMe» eteut n^ Joif.'— Calmet. 

532. PhiL Day. Burkii Gnomon in 
xi Pro{^etaa Minores. Heilb., 1753, 
410. IBs. 

Aa csteoned work. 

533. Prophets Minores, Annot. per- 
Mn illostr. E. F. C. Rosbnmullbr. 
Im., 1827> 8vo, 4 vols., 328. 

Vet 1 contains Hoseas, and Joel ; the 2d, 
Obwiios, Jonas ; the 3d, Micha, Na- 
Habacoc; the 4th, Zephania, Haggai, 
' », Maleachi. See col. 132, no. 82. 

534. Die Kleinen Propheten, Uber- 

imd Erlautert, von F. J. Schro- 

Lipt., 1829f 8vo, part 1, 98, 
Has fintpait contains Hosea, Joel, and Amos. 



535. Prophetae Minores perpetua An- 
not. illustrati a Dre. Petro Feur. Ackbr- 
MANN. Viennse, 1830, Svo, 148. 

A useful commentary. See col. 38, no. 9. 

536. Commentary on the Minor Pro- 
phets, by John Trapp. London, 1654, 
fol., IS8. 

Seecol. 118, no. 31. 

537- Brief Exposition of the Twelve 
Small Prophets, by George H ctch bson, 
with a Preface^ by Edmund Calamy. 
Lond., 1654-5, 12mo, 2 vols., 248. 

An excellent doc^inal and practical work. 
— Orme. The work is also commended by Dr. 
£. Williams in his Christian Preacher, and Dr. 
£dm. Calamy observes * the book presents 
much in tittle, and breathes out much of God 
and ffodlineas.' (1.) An Edition. Lond., 1657* 
fo].,3l«.6d. Best edition. 

538. Paraphr. Explication of the 
Twelve Minor Prophets, by David 
Stokbs. Lond., 1659> sm. 8vo, 58, 

539. Commentaries on Hosea, Joel, 
Micah, and Malachi, by Edward Po- 
cocKB, D.D. Oxford, 1667-91, fol., 4 

vols., 248. 

Ihis learned professor's commentaries, 
though, says Orme, ' they contain much learn- 
ing and piety, are exceedingly protix and 
heavy ... no part of the Bible is illustrated 
by such a variety and extent of oriental learn- 
ing.' The commentaries will also be found in 
the collected edition of the author's theolo- 
gical works. 

540. Attempt towards an Improved 
Version, a Metrical Arrangement and an 
Explanation of the Twelve Minor Pro- 
phets, by Wm. Nbwcomb, Abp. of 
Armagh. Lond., 1785, 4to, 308. 

An excellent version. As a commentator, 
the learned Prelate has shewn an intimate 
acquaintance with the best critics, ancient and 
modem. Mr. Orme observes that Abp. New- 
come's ' version is always distinct ; his notes 
are chief! v verbal, but contain many classical 
allusions. (1.) New £dition.Pontefract, 1809, 
Svo, 8«.; larffe paper, 10«. Ihis reprint is 
enriched with the addition of the most im- 
portant of Bishop Horsley's criticisms on 
Hosea, and those of Dr. Blayney on Zechariiih. 
It is neatly printed, but there are numerous 
errata in the Hebrew words. (2.) An Edition, 
now greatly enlarged and improved, with all 
the principal Notes, and a Comparison of the 
various Renderings of Dr. Horsley on Hosea, 
and Dr. Blayney on Zechariah [by J. Har- 
rison, of HoxtonJ. Lond., 1836,8vo, 8«. 

541. Literal Translation from tho 
Hebrew of the Twelve Minor Prophets, 
with some Notes from Jonathan's Para- 
phrase in the Chaldee, and critical Re- 
marks from R. S. Yarchi, Abenenra, D. 
Kimchi, and Abarbancl, by Aaron Pick. 
Lond., 1833, 8vo, 8*. 

o 



195 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



196 



The author of this version is a converted 
Jew. The notes are strictly grammatical and 
explanatory. (1.) Second Edition, revised 
and corrected, without the Note^. Lond., 1835, 
12mo. publ. at 5f. 

%* The Rev. E. Biekersteth refers also to 
Beae, Cyril, Jerome, Theodoret; and to 
Dansus. 

542. Hosea. — Rabbi Is. Abrabane- 

LIS Comment, in Hoseam, cui et Pits- 

mium in 2di Prophetas Minores, Lat. 

donatum cum Notifi Franc, al Husbn. 

Luff. Bat, \6S7, 4to, 6s. 

This, says Dr. Adam Clarke, is ' a valuable 
commentary, hig^hly esteemed by the learned.' 
Walch also praises it, ' ob perspicuitatem ac 
solidam rerum difficilium explanationem.' 

543. Hoseas illustr. Chald.Versione 
JoNATHONis et Philol.. Rabbinorum 
Raschi, Abkn EzRiB, et Kimchi Com- 
mentaiiis, reccns. Herm. von der H ardt. 
Helmst., 1702, 4to, 6s. 

An esteemed work. (1.) Idem. Goetdngre, 
1775, 4to, 6f Herman Von der Hardt, was 
aptlv named the Hardouin of Germany. Bp. 
Jebb says he went so far as to affirm, not 
merehr that Hebrew poetry is metrical, but, 
that toe Iambics of classical poetry were bor- 
rowed from the Hebrews ; while, with an amus- 
ing versatility of paradox, he elsewhere taught, 
that Greek was the primitive langruage. 

544. Hier. Zanchii Comment, in 
Hoseam. 

In his collective works. 
(1.) And. KivETi Comment, in Hoseam. In 
his collective works. 

545. Hoseas Propheta Comment, il- 
lustratus, cum Translat. triplici, Latina 
gemina, ex Hebrieo et Chaldaeo Thar- 
gum Jonathse, necnon Grseca Ixx, opera 
Day. Parki. Heiddb., 1605, 4to. 

546. Jo. Tarnovii in Prophetam Ho- 
seam Commentarius. Rost., 1622, 4to. 

547. Expositio Hosese, auctore Jo. 

LlOHTFOOT, D. D. 
In his collective works. 

548. Hosese Oracula, Hebr. et Lat., 
perpetua Annotatione illustravit Chr. Fr. 
KuiNOBL. lipsiae, 1792, 8vo, 5#. 

Prof. Kuinbel has applied Heyne's mode of 
ilhistratinfr Vir^ to the elucidation of the pro- 
phecy of Hosea. The text rarely varies from 
the Masora. 

549. Hoseas Propheta, Introductio- 
nem pnemisit, vertit, commentatus est 
Jo. Chr. Stuck. lipsin, 1828, 8yo, 
10*. 6d. 

A valuable help to the study of the writings 
of Hosea. 

550. Lectures upon the four first 
Chapters of Hosea, oy John Downamb. 
London, 1608, 4to, 8#. 



551. Exposition, with Practical Ob- 
servations, on the Prophecy of HoMa 

Ki. 1 — 13], by Jeremiah Burroughks. 
ndon, 1643, &c., 4to, 4 vols., 60s. 
Fiist delivered in several lectures at St. 
Michael's, ComhilL The exposttion, tmys Dr. 
£. Williams, is a pleasing speotmen to shew 
how the popular preachers of his time ajpplkd 
the Scriptures to the various cases of their 
hearers, in their expository exercisea. The Her. 
£. Biekersteth pronounces it to be 'a very 
practical and doctrinal woriu' 

552. Returning Backslider, CommMi. 
tarie on Chap, xiii of Hosea, by Richard 
SiBs, D.D. London, 1641, sm. 4to, 
lOs. 6d. 

Sometimes added to Burro^gffaes' Hosea, 
which extends only to the first thurteeD booka. 

552. Israel's Prayer in Time of Tnm- 
ble, or an Explication of the xlr of 
Hoseah, by E. Kbtnolds, Bp. of Nor- 
wich. London, 1645, 4to, 4s. 

* Bp. Reynolds' commentary is paitic u l ari f 
excellent.' (1.) An Edition, edited by the 
Rev. C. Brablet. 12mo, pub. at 7f . 

553. Commentary on the Prophecy of 
Hosea, by Edw. Pocockb, Da^. Ox- 
ford, 1685, fol., 6s, 

See col. 194, no. 53d. 

554. Prophecies of Hosea, transl. with 
a Commentarv and Notes, by James 
Nealb, a. M. London, 1771, Sro, 
3s, 6d. 

555. Hosea, transl. from the Hebrew, 
with Notes explan. and critical, by Sa- 
muel [Horslby], Bp. of Rochester, and 
aft. of St. Asaph. London, 1801» 4to, 
5s. 

This work, which, acooiding' to the Rev. £. 
Biekersteth, is ' critical and illttstrative,* ranks 
among: the best interpretations of the Proplieto. 
Orme observes ' The version is nenrovs, aad 
often characteristic of the translator's nund, m 
well as of the prophet's style : the pf^e£Me k 
admirably written, and contains the aoutftda^ 
principles of biblical interpretation, aa w«ti m 
excellent views of the book of Hoaea ; and the 
critical notes display great knowledge of IIe> 
brew, though occasionally they disorver that 
Horsley was partial to novelty and parvdox, 
and in some degree influenced by bis Hutclan* 
sonian predilections.' (1.) Second Kdiboo, 
with addit. Notes, and a Sernion on Chrirt s 
Descent into Hell. London, 1804, 4to. 8s. A 
new edition of the Hosea. with the author** 
last corrections and alterations will be fovnd 
in his Biblical Criticism, pubL in 1830. 

*»* The Rev. £. Bicko^eth refers abo to 
Theophylact; and to Brentius, Luther, M ercer , 
Zanchius. 

556. JoeL — Dav. Parbi Notae hre* 
viores in Prophetiam Joelis, Haggaet et 



lor 



BIBUCAL COMMENTARIES. 



198 



Amos ctpHa tria priora. Oxon., 1631, 
4ta 

557. Jod et Obadias explicat/per Pa- 
r^hrasim Chald. a Jo. Lbusobn. Ul- 
tnj^ I6&7, 12mo» 65. 

558. Interpretatio Joelis adpromaen- 
dam adcuratiorezn Fontium Uoosidera- 
ttonem Disputationibus subjecit Chr. 
Fnd. Bavbr. Lips., 1752, 4to. 

559. Joel, Latine Versus, et Notis 
phibL Dlustratus ab A. Svanborg. 
IJpeaL, 1806, 4to. 

560. Commeiitary on Joel, by Edw. 
T0P8ILL. London, 16 13, 4to. 

A lifmer edition appeared in 1599, 4to. 

561. Commentary on the Prophecy of 
Joel,by Edward PocooKB, D.D. Ox- 
M, 1691, foL, 6s. 

See eri.l9i. DO. 539. ( 1 .) Ed. Pocockji Com- 
mestanos in Propbetiam Joelis. Lipns, 1696, 
«o,5i. 

562. Fuaphrase and Ck)mmentary on 
tbe Prophecy of Joel, by Sam. Chano- 
LBB, D.D. London, 1735, 4to, 5s. 

Onne observes of this eminent dissenter's 
IMnpbnse that ' the criticism is not of a high 
otder.tnd many important difficulties in Joel 
Ranonitonched.' The Rev. E.Bickenteth 
proooaoees it to be both ' critical and illustra- 
tire.' 

563. Die Weissagung des Prop. Joel 
Ubcn. nnd Erklfirt, von F. A. Holsb- 
RAV8IN. Gott.« 1829, 8vo, 3s. 6d. 

564. Der Prophet Joel Ubers. und 
£ddart, von J. A. Crbdneb. Halle, 
IWl, 8vo, 6s. 

*•* The Rev. E. Bicienteth refers also to 
IJiUier, Mercer. 

565. Amos. — Rabbi Dav. Kimchi 

(>oinment. in Amos, Hebraice. Basil., 

1531. l8mo, 5s. 

*Utfna est Kimchi estimatio atque auctori- 
^ iolcr Judcos. Quos composnit commentarii 
ioit Btxirae plan! ac loculenti.' — Walch. 

566. Amos Propheta expositus, In- 
terpr. nora Lat. instructus, ampliss. 
Commmtario iUostratus, cum quatuor 
Appendicibas, cnra et studio J. Ch. 
Habbkbergii. Lugd. Bat., 1763, 4to, 
61. 

567. Oracola Amosi Textum, et Heb. 
et Gr. Vers. Alex., cum Notis crit. et 
ez%. instraxit, adiunctaque Vers. vem. 
Cue. Germanica) edidit Jo Sev. Yatbr. 
H^ 1810, 4to, 4s. 6d. 

568. Commentary upon Amos, by 
Seb. Bbnbpibld. london, 1629> 4to, 
3Yob. in I, 27s. 

569. Exposition by way of Supplement 



on the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th 
Chapters of Amos, by T. Hall. Lond., 
1661, sm. 4to, 7s. 

570. Amos, neu Ubers. und EnlaQtert, 
von J. Ch. W. Dahl. Gott., 1795, 
Svo, 4s. 

*»* The Rev. £. Bickersteth refers also to 
Brentius, Luther, Mercer. 

571. Aug. Pfeiffbbi Comment, in 
Obadiam, accessit Doctrina de Accentibus 
Ebraeorum. Vitemb., 1670, 4to, 6*. 

' Liber ipse cum utUitate legendus e^ ab iis 
prssertim, qui philologis ac critics artis studi* 
osi sunt' — Walch. 

572. Lud. Mich. Crocii Specimen 
Philol. in Obadiam, Ebr., Chala., Sjrr., 
et Arab., cum Comment. Rabbinorum. 
Bremse, 1673, 4to, 5s. 

573. Mich. Lbiohii Comment, in 
Obadiam. Hafn., 1697> 4to, 4s. 6d. 

574. F. L. Abresch Specimen Phi- 
lol. in ObadisB v, 1-8. Utr., 1757, 4to, 
5s. 

574 a. An Exposition of Obadiah, by 
James Pilkington, Bp. of Durham. 

' Many valuable remariLS will be found in this 
exposition.' — Bickersteth. 

575. Commentary on Obadiah, by 
Edward Marbury. Lond., 1649, 4to. 

576. Obadjah, Sohn, Amos, Sinai, 
herausg. von L. S. Stbinhbim. A1- 
tona, 1824, 8vo, I5s. 

*«* The Rev. K. Bickersteth refers also to 
Luther, Mercer. 

577' Jonah. — Franc. Junii Lectiones 
in Jonam Prophetam. 
In the first vol. of his works. 

578. Jonas illustratus per Paraphrasin 
Chald., Masoram Magnam, &c. necnon 
per varias Notas Philol. a Jo. Lsusden. 
Traj., 1656, sm. Svo, 5s. 

579. Lectures, or Dailv Sermons of 
John Calvin upon the Prophet Jonas, 
transl. by Nath. Baxter. London, 
1578, 4to, I5s. 

580. Jonas Philol. Commentario expos. 
Badth. Scubidii. Argent., 1665, 4to, 5s. 

* Excellent/ according to Walch. 

581. Aug. Pfrifferi Prselectionesin 
Propbetiam Jonse. 4to, 5s. 

An esteemed commentary, of whidi several 
editions have appeared. It will likewise be 
found in PfeifTer's works. 

582. An Oversight and Deliberation 
upon the Prophet Jonas, in Sevene Ser- 



199 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



900 



mons, by John Hopbr, Bp. of Gloucester. 
London, 1550, 18mo, 31«. 6d, 

Asennon * made and uttered before the King*! 
[Edward VI] Majesty.' 

583. Exposition upon the Prophet 

Jonah, in Sermons, by George Abbot, 

Abp. of Canterbury. London, 1600, 

4to, 9*. 

This ezpontion is occasionally enriched with 
Hebrew criticism. Abbot was one of the trans- 
lators of our author, version of the Bible. (1.) 
Another Edition. London, 1613, 4to, Is. 6a. 

584. Lecturer on Jonas, by John 
Kino, Bp. of London. London, 1618, 
4to, 155. 

585. Collection of Sermons, with 
Notes upon Jonah, by Thomas Fuller, 
D.D. London, 1656, 8vo, Bs, 6d. 

586. Jonah, a Transl. from the Origi- 
nal, with philol. and explan. Notes and 
a prelim. Discourse, by George Ben- 
join. Cambridge, 1796, 4to, 6s, 

In little estimation. The author attempts ' to 
convince the world that the present original text 
is in its primary perfection. — Orme. See also 
British Critic, x, 493-^06, and 622-36. 

587. Essay on the Sign of the Pro- 
phet Jonah, by Isaac James. Bristol, 
1802, 8vo, 28. 

* Mr. James* Essay on Jonah has some attrac- 
tions, though we should not venture to recom- 
mend it as a comment for general adoption.' — 
British Critic 

588. Jonah's Portrait, by Thomas 
Jones. London, 1819, 12mo. 
'A very edifying work.* — Bickersteth. 

589. Pulpit Recollections, being Notes 
of Lectures on the Book of Jonah, by 
the Rev. R. Waldo Sibthorp, B.D. 
fsc. 8vo, 2s. 6d. 

590. Six Lectures on the Book of 
Jonah, by the Rev. W. Cunningham, 
of Harrow. 

*** The Rev. E. Bickersteth refers also to 
Ambrose, Chrysostom, TertuUian, Tlieophy- 
lact ; and to Brentius, Junius, Luther, Bugen- 
hagius. 

591. Micah. — Jo. Tarnovii in Pro- 
phetam Micham Commentarius. Rost., 
1632, 4to, 5s. 

592. Alb. Gravsri Expositio Michse. 
Jen®, 1664, 4to, 6s. 

Praised by Walch. 

593. Commentary on the Prophecy of 

Micah, by E. Pococke, D.D. Oxford, 

1677, fol., 5*. 
See col. 194, no. 539. 

594. Micha, neu Ubers. und Erlaut. 



und mit. fanf Excursen be^latei, von 

A. T. Hartmann. Lemgo, 1800, 8ro^ 

3s. 6d. 

•J* The Rev. E. BidLersteth refefs abo to 
Ambrose, Fulgentius; and to Brentins, Chy- 
tneus, Luther. 

595. Nahum. — Is. Abrabaneus in 
Nahum et Habaccuc Commentarii, Lat. 
donat. a J. Did. Sprbchero. Helmst, 
1703, 4to, 4s. 

596. Adami Wildii Meditationes 

Sacrse in Prophetam Nahum. Francofl, 

1712, 4to, 7s. 

A learnt and elaborate work oommefided 
by Walch. 

597. Nahumi Vaticiniiim phild. K 

crit. expositum, prses. J. H. Parean, «d. 

Ev. Krebnen. Harderv., 1808, 4to, 

6s. 

•»* The Rev. E. Bickersteth refen iko to 
Theophylact ; and to Luther, Mercer. 

598. Habakkuk. — Theod. Schbl- 

TiNOAS Comment, in Habacucmn. Loj. 

Bat., 1747, 4to, 6*. 
An esteemed commentary. 

599. Chabucud Vaticinium Com- 
mentario critico atque exegetico illostn- 
tum, edidit B. P. Kopod. Gottings, 
1792, 8vo, 5*. 

A specimen of a new Yenion of the Minor 
Prophets. 

600. Symbolse Criticie ad Interjneta- 
tionem Vaticmiorum Habacuci, etc auc- 
tore Henr. Car. Alex. Habnlbin. Er- 
lang., 1795, 8vo, 3s. 6d. 

601. A. C. Ranitz Introductio io 
Habacuci Vaticinia. lips., 1808, Std, 
2s. 

602. Commentary on Habakkuk, by 
Edward Marbury, Lond., 1650, 4to. 

' A puritan commentary, full of divisioof and 
of matter,'— Bickersteth. 

603. New Translation of the Prayer 
of Habakkuk, &c., by William Grebn. 
Lond., 1755, 4to. 

This likewise contains the Prayer of Men^ 
and the 139th Psalm, with a commentary to 
each ; to which are added notes critical and 
expUnatory. 

^f * The Re\r. E. Bickersteth refers ako to 
Ambrose, Augustine, Bede, Theophylact ; and 
to Luther, Chytraeus. 

604. Zephaniah. — Martini BucBii 
Conmient. in Sophoniam Prophetam, ad 
calcem Psalmorum a Bucero tradocto- 
rum. Apud Rob. Stephanum, 1554, 
fol. 

605. Jo. Am. NoLTENii Comment in 
Zephaniam. Franc, 1734, 4to, Ss. 






101 



BIBUCAL COMMENTARIES. 



2oa 



606. Sfdcileffhiin Obeervatioilam exe- 
fedco-critic. ad Zephaniae Vaticiniay auc- 
tore D. G. K. k Coblk. Breslau, ]8i9> 
4to, 3«. 6^ 

*/ The Rer. £. Bickenteth refers also to 
Ikar, Lather. 

607. Haggai. Franc. Wokenii Adnot. 
Exeg. in Prophetiam Haggsi. Lips., 
1719, 4to, 6s. 

608. Haggeos, the Prophet; where- 
unto is added a Commentary, gathered 
out of the Puhlique Lectures of Dr. J. J. 
GurxBUS, transL by Christopher Fba- 
TBBBrroNB. London, 1586, 12mo. 

609. Exposition upon the Prophet 
Aggeusyby James Pilkinoton, Bp. of 
Dmham. Lond., 1560, 8vo, 18«. 

* Huiy exoeDent remarks will be found in this 
-Bickersteth. 



609 a. The Prophesieof Haggai inter- 
preted by John Rainolds, with a Por- 
tndt by Cross. London, 1649> 4to, 6s. 

Rainolds was one of the translators of the 
•athonied TersUm of the Bible— the Prophets 
«cre his appointed share. 

610. Explication Grammaticale des 
Propb^esd'Hagg^, par J. H. Eckhbl. 

In Magasio Encycloped., par Millin, lie. 
AnB^ii,461. 

*^* The Rev. E. Bickersteth refers also to 
MetaDcdMm, Grynens. 

611. Zechariah. — ^A Commentary upon 
the Prophecies of Zechariah, by the 
Rabbi David Kimchi, transl. from the 
Hebrew, with Notes and Observations 
OD the Passages relating to the Messiah, 
by the Rev. Alexander M'Caul, A.M. 
London, 1837, 8vo, publ. bXJs, 

Divid Kimchi as a grammarian, a lexico- 
gn^bcr, and a commentator, holds a very high 
nok tmong the Jewish writers, and desenrecuy 
*a> The trawJalor intended tus work to pro- 
Bete the cause of converting the Jews, and it is 
ttkakted for thatpur|>ose, as likewise to faci- 
«*te the stndy of Rabbinical literature. 

612. Prophetia Zecharise expHcata a 
SniLSx.NBMBTHO. Ultraj.,17l4,4to,7«. 

613. Camp. ViTRiNOA Commenta- 
rim ad libnun Prophet. 2^chari«, cum 
P^noie^omenis. Leovani., 1734, 4to, 5s. 

An ucomplete work, Vitringa having died 
fitkoot ooopteting it It goes no farther than 
«e iiith verse of the fointh chapter. It is 
in Walch's BibL Theologica. 



614. Hem.VBNEMA Sermones Acad., 
sre Comment, ad Librum Proph. Za- 
cWiae. Leov., 1787, 4to, 9s. 

615. P. B. K0E8TER Meletemata 
^ et exeg. in Zacharice Partem poste- 



rionmi, cap. ix-xiv, pro tuenda ejus 
Authentia. Gott., 1818, 8vo, 45. 

616. A short and sweet Exposition 
upon the first nine Chapters of Zecharie, 
by W. Pbmblb. 

In his works. Orme observes that Pemble 
employs his Hebrew learning 'very advan- 
tageouisly. particularly in expounding the book 
of Zechuiah.' 

617. Zechariah; a new Translation, 
with Notes critical, philological and 
explanatory, by Benj. Blaynby, D.D. 
London, 1797» 4to, \0s. 

A valuable illustration of Zachariah, of great 
assistance to the Biblical student. 

618. Dissertation on the Vision con- 
tained in the 2d Chapter of Zechariah, by 
Thomas Wintlb, B. D. Oxford, 1 797, 
8vo, 2s. 6d. 

619. Mistakes in Religion exposed: 
an Essay on the Prophecy of Zacnarias, 
by the late Rev. H. Vbnn. London, 
1807, 12mo, 3#. 

A popular work originally published in 1774, 
8vo. (1.) An Edition. 32mo, \s. 6d. Pub- 
lished by the Religious Tract Society. 

620. Commentarv on the Vision of 
Zechariah the Propnet, with a corrected 
Translation, and critical Notes, by John 
Stonard, D.D. Lond., 1824, 8vo, 
14*. 

This vol. ' is the product of profound scho- 
larship and most laborious research; and it 
will not be read with due profit without very 
close application : but, as it demands, so it will 
amply reward, the most diligent study on the 
reader's part — Evang. Magazine. It is Uke- 
wise commended in the £clectic Review, 
Quart. Theol. Review, &c. 

621. An Amicable Controversy with 
a Jewish Rabbi on the Messiah's Com- 
ing, with a New Exposition of Zechariah 
on the Messiah's Kingdom, by J. R. 
Park, M. D. Lond., 1832, 8vo. 

*f * Tlie Rev. E. Bickersteth refers also to 
Luther, Melancthon, Grynaeus. 

622. Malachi. — Malachias Propheta, 
cum Transl. Fontis Ebr., Chald., Gr., 
Lat., Germ., ac Explic. Gramm. Jo. 
Dragon 1TI8. Lipsise, 1564, fol., 7s. 

623. R. Dav. Kimchi et R. Sal. 
J ARC HI Commentarii in Malachiam, in- 
terprete S. M. de Muis. Paris., R. Ste- 
phan., 161 8, 4to, 7s. 6d. 

Kimchi and Jarchi are both praised for their 
learning by De Rossi. 

624. Sal. Van Til Malachias illustra- 
tus novo Comment, analyt. et exegetico. 
Lugd. Bat., 1701, 4to, 5s, 

• Opus eruditum.* — Walch. 'Accedit Dis- 
sert, de Situ Paradisi Terrestris.* 

625. Herm. Vbnbma Commentariiu 



203 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



KH 



ad libnim elentico-propheticum Mala- 
chi». Leov., 1759, 4to, 7s. 6d, 

626. C. F. Bahrdt Comment, in 
Malachium, cum Examine Critico Vers. 
Vet. et Lect. Var. Houbigantii. Lips., 

1768, 8vo, 4*. 

' Accedit Specimen Bibliorum Polyglotto- 
rum.* 

627. Commentary upon the whole 

Prophesye of Malacny, by Rich. Stock, 

with an Exercitation upon the same 

Prophesie, by Samuel Torshbll, and a 

Portndt of Stock. Lond., 1641, fol., 

I2s. 

The work is reoommeiided by Bp. Wilkins : 
but, says Dr. £. Williams, the matter is much 
better than the manner. Gataker describes 
Stock as ' a painful, a faithful minister of Christ, 
a skilful, a powerful dispenser of God's word.' 

628. Brief and Plain Commentary, 
with Notes, upon Malachy, by William 
ScLATBR, D.D. Lond., 1650, 4to. 7s, 

* Delivered sermon-wise some years since at 
Pitminster in Summerset' 

629. Commentary on Malachi. by £. 
PococKB, D.D. Oxford, 1667, fol.j 6s, 

See col. 194, no. 589. 

•<,♦ The Rev. E. Bickersteth refers also to 
Chytneus, Melancthon. 

630. Apocryphal Books. — See col. 60 
— 3, and 78 — 81. 

631. Novum Testamentum cum Com- 
mentariis, &c. 

For some editions of the New Testament, 
and Commentaries, 6cc., thereon, see col. 18- 
25, nos. 37 to 66 ; col. 68-70, nos. 24 to 33 ; col. 
100-4, nos. 38-55. 

• A knowledge of the Scriptures is the first 
thing needful, especially those of the New Tes- 
tament, for thore and there only, the terms of 
salvation which we preach are to be found ; and 
therefore, in order to under-itand these well, 
some Commentators roust be considted.* — 
Prebendary Knowles's Advice to a Young 
Clergyman. 

632. Jo. Chrysostomi Cxpositio 
perpetua in Novum Testamentimi. 

In the various editions of this Father's works. 
' For a constant interpreter of the text of the 
N. T. I would recommend Chryspstom beyond 
all commentators that ever wrote. His expli- 
oitions are very judicious. He seldom allego- 
rises, and goes to the bottom of almost every 
thing which be undertakes'— Dr. Wotton. See 
col. 113, no. 5. 

633. Grbooriana super Novum 
Testamentiun, ab Alulpho coUectum. 
Paris., 1517, 4to. 

Selected from the vroiks of Pope Gregory. 

634. (EcuMKNii Comment, in Acta 
Apoatolomm, in omnes Paul! Epietolas, 



et Epistoks Catholicfts oomes; 
Arbth Ji, Cappadociie l^iisc., F.Tptain in 
Apocsdypsin, Gr. et Lai. cura Fied. 
MoRELLi. Paris., 1631, foL, 2 v<da. 
See, post, no. 882. 

635. Des Erasmi Paraphnaes in 
Novum Testamentum, ex reoena. Jo. 
Clbrici, curavit J. F. S. AnouBTW. 
Berolini, 1777-80, 8vo, 3 vols., 27*. 

Dr. Harwood observes that Knsmus's work 
is not inferior to any of the old oonunentatton in 
sensible and ingenious remarks. His annoti- 
tioos, sa^s Emesti, are indeed tbe earliest ex- 
ample of good interpretation ; and upon tbem. 
as a foundation, all succeeding int er pr e tws of 
any merit have built their laboun. It nraA be 
confeffled, however, that he has fiilleii into 
many errors from his ignorance of Hebivw. 
The Kev. E. Bickersteth prooounoei Enmnm' 
work on the New Testament, taking into coa- 
sideration his learning and repo t atioQ, a valu- 
able preparatory work. (I.) The Paraphiasa 
of Erasmus upon the Newe Testamente. Lon- 
don, £. Whytchuroh, 1548, fol., 2 vol*., SOt, 
The first voL was done by Nic. Udall, and tkt 
second by Bp. Coverdale, John Olde, and 
Leon. Coxe. The Paraphrase on the Rev^- 
tion was written by Leo. Jude, and tranal. by 
£dm. Allen. The commentary on its pabbea- 
tion was appointed by public authcwity to be 
placed in aU our churches. A reprint of the 
first vol. appeared in 1551. Erasmus* Litia 
Version of tne N. T., and his Annotatiotis will 
be found in the 6th vol. of Le Clerc's editioQ of 
his works. See coL 17, no. 32. 

636. Laur. VALLis Annotationea in 

N. T. Paris., 1505, 8vo, 5*. 

First edition superintended by Eraamus. 
Valla's Annotations were frec^uently i^ 
printed, and they will be found m the Oi* 
tici SacrL He * had a desi^ to translate tbe 
New Testament ^from the original) into Latin. 
but being forbidden by the Pope, he oould only 
write Notes upon the Vulgate, censuring tbe 
bad Latinity and inaccuracy of the version.* — 
Jortin*s Life of Erasmus. 

637. Aug. Marlorati Novi Tetta- 
menti Catholica Expoaitio Rrrkariaitka. 
Heidelb., 1604, fol., \6s. 

This work contains Erasmus* Latin Vernoii, 
as also ' Expositio ex probatis omnibus Tbeolo- 
gis coUecta. ' The student will find it a vala- 
able collection of the sentiments of the reform- 
erson the N.T.'— Bickersteth. Other editioBe 
appeared 1561, 4, 70, 83, 5, 93, 6, 1620, &c 

638. VwopjnqfjMTa in omnea Libroa N. 
T., edita a Vict. Strxoblio. Iipi.» 
1565, 4to, 2 vols., 16«. 

Victor Strigetius, says Eraesti* * was an ele- 
^rant scholar, and to be reckoned anKkng tbe best 
mterpreteis of his age. He was in many ft> 
spects superior to Erasmus, and more usefol U» 
students. In the opinion of Dr. Harwood. 
|the observations are neat, and the critical 
judgment of V. StrigeKus is exoellent.* 

639. Theod. Bbza Anaotatioiiet in 
N.T. 

See col. 18, no. 37. 



MS 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



206 



M, Ja Calvin I in N. T. Commen- 
tviiyCiiraTit etpnefatos est A.Tholuck. 
fkiil, 1833^, 8vo, 7 vok., 285. ; fine 
paper, 368. 

' Of all the oommentuies referrea to by Poole, 
C«hria and Grotius deserve best a distinct pe- 
rasiL'— Girdlestone. * Of expositions since 
tke loeieiiti, I know none to be compared to 
Ctlriii, whoie eommentaricB are truly admi- 
nUe. Joseph Scaliger, who was a ver^ 
oonpetait judge, speaks of them in the Scali- 
fons with rapture. — Dr. Wotton. See col. 
115,00.16. 

641. Novum Testamentom in Hexam. 
Vemu ad verbom et sensum transl. a 
J. Bsioou, Episc OKon. Lond., 
1604, 8to» 109. 6tf. 

Hub eonoas work contains a dedication to the 
Bsty Trinity ; another to King James ; a pre- 
liee to the reader; an index to the Four Cos- 
pek tDd yaris lectiones ; all in hexameter 



641 Jo. Drusii Prseterita, sive in 
Mam Jem Chiisti Testamentum Anno- 
ttknef. Franeq., 16\% 4to, 5#. 

'hqiubos prster alia innumera consensus 
Mteaditir Synagogae israelits cum Ecclesia 
Ckntina.' The rreterita are points omitted 
b^ EnBDw and Beia. (1.) Jo. Drusii ad 
Voecs Ebraicas N. T. Comment duplex, nee- 
BOO Vitc Operumque J. Drusii Delineatio. 
FnodL,l616,4to, 5i. 

643. Jo. PifiCATORis Comiiient. in 
N.T. Herbomse, 1621, 4W, 2 vols., 
I5t. 

SeecoL115,no. 19. 

644. Dan. Hbinaii Exercitationes ad 
N. Tetttmentnm el Axietarchus Sacer. 
hyfL Bat, 1639> fol., Ss. 

tm Exercitations exunine and explain many 
r y w^LU of the N. T., and the Aristarchus con- 
tains disseftations on Nonnus' paraphrase of 
i<Aax\ Gospel, in which he (xmipares his ex- 
^oations with the words of the evangelist. 
Some of HeinsiiHi* views were onposed by Gro- 
tin, Safanaaius, and Croius. (l.;J)an. HciNsn 
Eurcilitiooes Sacne ad N. T. 



4ta,&. 



Cantab., 1640, 



645. Hug. Gbotii Annotationes in 

N. T^ tnxit C. E. de Windheim. Be- 

">!-. 1769, 4to, 2 vols., 20*. 

8«e coL 116. no. 22. (1.) Hug. Grotii 
Ana. m N. Testamentum. Groning., 1826, 
&c.,8to, 8 volsw, 60*. in this neat edition the 
that he careiuUy corrected the 
t errors whicfa had crept into preceding 



646. Bibfiotbeca Fratrum Polonorum 
qtioaUnitarios vocant. Irenopoli [Am St.], 
1666, loL, 8 vols., 80«. 
, These v(As. contain the works of Faustus So- 
eims, John Crellius, Jonas Slichtiofl^us, and J. 
1^ Wolaogeoius, * ifuaa omnia simul juncta to- 
liis Novi Tcatenenti explicatiooem complec- 
twtur.' " There »,' savs Dr. Harwood, • hardly 
* food critidAn in all our modem expositors. 



Mr. Locke, Dr. Clarke, Dr. Benson, Dr. Tay- 
lor, Messrs. Peirce and Hallett, Dr. Sykes, but 
what is to be found in the Bibliotheca Fratrum 
Polonorum.' Dr. H. is not singular in his opi- 
nion, and if it be a true one, these books maybe 
considted with advantage, by thoee who do not 
adopt the peculiar tenets of Sodnus and the 
Unitarians, as well as by those who do.*' — Bp. 
Watson. See, post, no. 766. 

647. Jo. Pricai Commentarii in va- 
rios N. T. libros et in Psalmorum Li- 
brum. Londini, 1660, fol., 10«. 

These notes contain, according to Dr. Har- 
wood, ' many valuable observations, particularly 
illustrating the modes of diction which occur in 
the sacred classics, from profane writers.' They 
are inserted in tha fifth volume of the Critid 
Sacri. 

648. Alex. Mori Notse in Novum 
Foedus. Lond., 1661, fol. 

The learned notes of Moms, the antagonist of 
Milton, are almost whoUv philological. He was 
well acquainted with Hebrew and Greek litera- 
ture, and paid great attention to the meaning of 
words. They were frequently reprinted. 

649. Horse Hebraicse et Talmudicae, 
or Hebrew and Talmudical Exercitations 
upon the Four Gospels, the Acts of tbe 
Apostles, some chapters of the Epistle 
to the Romans, and on the First Epistle 
to the Corinthians, by Jobn Light- 
foot, D.D. 

In his works the merit of Lightibot princi- 
pally consists in the collation of paralleliams 
nrom the O. T., and the writings of toe Rabbins, 
applied to the N. T. Tbe Talmudical Exerci- 
tatioBS, says Orme, ' partake largely of the 
unsatis&ctoriness, and even silliness, of Rab- 
binical learning, to which lightfoot attached 
more importance than he ought, for assistance 
in interpreting the New Testament' (1.) 
Hone Heb. et Talm., edente J. B. Carp- 
zovio. Lips., 1679-84, 4to, 3 vols, in 2, 27«. 
(2.) Jo. ScHOETTCENu Hors Hebraicae et 
Talmudics in Universum N. T.^ quibus Horse 
Jo. Lifl^ooti in libria historicis supplentur, 
Epistols et Apocalypsis eodem modo illustran- 
tur. Dresds, 1733. 4to, 2 vols., 31s. 6d. In 
the opinion of Walch, Schoett^n is superior to 
Lightfoot He pronounces tins work to be one 
of great erudition, industry, and use. Orme 
observes that Schoettgen goes over the same 
bookS; which Lightfoot ' had illustrated, but su- 

Sirficially, and supplies what was wanting on 
e epistles and the Revelation.' 

650. Annotations upon some difficult 
Texts in all the Books of the New Testa- 
ment, by Sir Norton Knatchbull^ 
Bart. Camb., 1693, 8vo, 4«. 

The English translation is more complete 
than the Latin work. Knatchbull, says Orme, 
'deals rather freely in conjecture, aod uses a 
good deal of liberty with the construction and 
punctuation ; but he has rendered verr con- 
siderable service to sacred literature. (1.) 
Idem, Latine. Editio tertia emendata. Oxon., 
1 16n,8vo,3s.6</. 



207 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



M8 



651. Observationes Selects^ in vaiia 
Loca N. T., cum Prsefatione J. A. Fa- 
BRicii, et Tabulis teneis. Hamb , 1712, 
8vo, 58. 

This collection, says Dr. Harwood, contains 
many excellent notes on particular passages. 
It contains— 1, Laur. Hain.de Prado Pente- 
contarchus ; 2, Alex. Mori in N. F. Nots ; 3, 
Petri PossiM, Soc. Jesu, Spicilegium Evan- 
gelicum. 

652. Jo. Elsnbri Obsenr. Sacrse in 
N. F. Libros. Traj. ad Rbcn., 1720-8, 
8vo, 2 vols., 148. 

* Quibus pluraillorum libromm ex auctoribus 
potiss. Grsds, et antiquitate, exponuntur et 
lUustrantur.' ' In the annotations of Eisner, 
which some are disoosed to place in the very 
first rank, I [J. H. Kmesti] do not remember 
to have met with more than ten observations of 
real practical value ; the rest being more suited 
to enrich a Greek lexicon, than to illustrate or 
explain the New Testament.' 

Dr. Doddridge in speaking of Eisner, Al- 
berti, Bos, Wolf, Raphel. anu other philologi- 
cal commentators on the N. T., observes 
' Books, which I cannot but recommend to my 
young ftiends, as proper, not only to ascertain 
the sense of a variety of words and phrases 
which occur in the apostolic writings, but also 
to form them to the most useful method of 
studying the Greek classics.' ' On this subject,' 
says Bp. Jebb, ' I feel pleasure in adopting the 
lan^age of so pious, learned, and elegant a 
divine of the last age : it conveys my own sen- 
timents ; and perhaps his words are not less ap- 
plicable, in the year 1820, than they were in the 
year 1738.' 

653. Jo. Alberti Obsenr. Fhilol. in 
Sacros N. F. Libros. Lug. Bat, 1725, 
8vo, 58. 

I Full of important and usefid criticism. The 
object of it is to illustrate the style and meaning 
of the writers of the New Testament by the pro- 
fime writers of Greece.'— Orme. 

654. Lamb. Bos, Obsenr. Miscall, ad 

Loca qusedam cum N. T. turn exteronim 

Scriptorum Grsecorum. Franeq., 1707* 

8vo, 3*. 

This, and the following, contain useful philol. 
illustrations of some passages in the New Testa- 
ment. (1.) Lamb. Bos Exerc. Philol. in qui- 
bus N. F. Loca nonnulla ex Auctor. Gnecis 
LUustrantur, aliorumque A'^ers.' et Interpr. exa- 
minantur. Franeq., 1710, 8 vo,3«.6(/. A second 
edition appeared m 1713, 8vo, 3$. 6d. 

655. Jo. Chr. WoLFii Cur8B Philolo- 
gicae in N. T. Basil., 1741, 4to, 5 vols., 
42*. 

Best edition. The work is praised by Bp. 
Watson, Dr. E. Williams, Pntius, Ammon, 
Seiler, Heringa. and many others. It may be 
considered a valuable index to the writings of 
recent continental divines and philologists 
(1.) Jo. Christ KoccHERi Analecta Phuolo- 
gica et Exegetioa in Quatuor Evangelia. Al- 
tenb. 1766, 4to, 12<. A necessary accompani- 
ment to the Cure Philologies. It supplies some 
of thedesiderataof Wolfswork.andbrmgsdown 
the account of the sentiments of the modem 



writers on the Gospeb to the period of in pob- 
lication. 

655 a. Jo. Jac. Wbtstbkii Prolego- 
mena in N. T. 
See col. 20, no. 43. 

656. Novum Testamentum ex TaU 
mude etAntiq. Hebneorum iliustratom 
a. Jo. Gerh. Mbuschbnio. lipsic, 
1736, 4to, 15». 

This work is in high reputation with ^Nee 
who attach importance to the kind of writing 
which it contains. Besides Meuscbeo't ova 
productions, it comprises various Diawrtitionf 
byDanzius, Rhenferdius,andScheidius. Muj 
subjects which belong to the Christian Dspea* 
sation are illustrated from the ancient htei o( 
the Mosaic Economy or the doctrines of tibe 
modem Jews. 

657. Jo. Bapt. Ottii Spicflegiaiii, 
sive £xcerpta ex Flavio Josepho »i N. 
T. illustrationero, cura Sig. Havkb- 
CAMPi. Lugd. Bat, 1741, 8vo,9«. 

MichaeUs speaks of this Professor's bbom 
along with those of Krebs very respectftUy. 
At the end of the volume, Ott mentions • mui- 
ber of articles, which the Jewish historian, uadcr 
improper influence, has passed over. (l.)Jo. 
Tobis KasBsii Observ. in N. T. e tlvno 
Josepho. Lipsis. 1755, 8vo, 9t. A oeceawy 
companion to Ott s Spicilegium. 

658. Jo. Alb. Bbngblii Gdoidod 
N. T. Tubingae, 1773, 4to, 15*. 

Best edition with the author's life, additional 
notes as well as marginal notes by the author^ 
son. Bengel is, says Bp. Jebb. ' an ele^ 
critic, always ingenious, generally instmctnre; 
. . . his Gnomon has been rising in pabfa 
estimation ; and, if I mistake not, it will rveyet 
higho*.* Dr. E. Williams observes tbe'voii 
contains an instructive preface, a penpieoov 
analysis of each book, with short notes, in tbe 
true taste of judicious criticism.' I lis pba i* 
that of a perfect contrast to that <^ \Vol6ia: 
' Simplicem fere veritatem, sine sylva mvlts* 
rum opinionimi, propono.' The Rev. E. Bick* 
ersteth pronounces it to be an excellent work, 
full of pious and instructive remarks, with siiort 
critical notes, and an analysis of each book. 
(1.) Editio nova, recusa a — Steuoel. Tob* 
1835, 8vo, 2 vols.,2Qt. SeecoL 20, no.fi; 
and col. 101 , no. 44. 

659. Eliae Palairet Obaerv. Philo. 
logico-criticse in Sacros N. F. libiot. 
Lugd. Bat., 1752, 8vo, 58. 

Orme obs^es * Tht observations are ffe«< 
rally short, contain a great display of eniditiffi 
to explain many things which little require it, 
and find many more evidences of purity of ftrle 
in the N. T. than the writers of it thonselTtt 
would have been disposed to contend for. Hen 
and there a aseful observation occun.' (!•) 
Eliae Palairet Specimen Exerc philologico- 
criticarum in Sacros N. F. libros. 1775, 8to. 

660. Geo. Dav. Kypkb Observatiooe* 
Sacrse in N. F. libros ex auctoribus do- 
tisflimum Gnecis et antiquitatibus. Wra- 
tislavite, 1755. 8vo, 2 vols., lOf. 



i09 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



210 



'OftU theopositioiiforthe N.T. conducted 
M pnndpiei like tbese I know of none that are 
lUKnor, or indeed equal, to those of Kypke. 
Tw; ire written without pedantry, or an af- 
feditioQ of humag, and contain all that is 
iaportint without hang encumbered with ex- 
tnoeoos natter/— Michaelis. 

661. Jo. Tob. Kbbbsii Observationes 
in Norum Teetamentum e Flavio Jose- 
pbo. Lips., 1755, 8yo» 6«. 

Kieb ud CarpzoT, taya MichaeliSj | have 
\kA eootributed uugely to biblical criticism, 
ud both frequently apee with Wetsteiu in the 
ranhof their critical mquiries, thou|^ they had 
not tke opportunity of consulting each other.' 
(1.) Jo. Tob. Kbebsii de Usu et Prcstantia 
naamm Historic in N. T. Interpr. Libellus. 
LipBc. 1745. 8to, 7«. 6d, 

663. Pet. Kbuchknii Adnotata in 
onmei N. T. libros. cum Prefatione Jo. 
Alberti. Ltu(d. Bat., 1755, 8vo, 68, 

fittt edition of this excellent philological 
touaeDtary. Great use is made of the Septua- 
ffiat and the Chaldee paraphrast, in ascertain- 
iB| the meaning of the words of the sacred 
*ntm. Dr. Smith speaks of Keuchen as ' a 
vitie of the first rank for learning, judgment, 
lad BNQtal independence.' 

663. C. F. MuNTHS Obscnr. Philol. 
in Sicroa N. T. libros ex Diodoro Si- 
ado collects. Hafni«, 1755, 12mo, 4s. 

664. Chr. Fred. Lobsnkri Observa- 
^oan ad N. T. e Philone Alexandrino. 

!-*?», 1777, 8ro, 6s, 

AaexBeHenlwork. C1-) Ad. FrwL Kuhnh 
^PJpkginBt Loeaneri Obeenrationum ad N. T. 
•nittM Alexandrino. Pforts, 1785^ 8vo, 3*. 
ikiiedftioB is superior to that of 1783 m 4to. 

b tbe N'ew Testament Kypke, Krebsius, 
■id LosBocf , may be recommended for their 
%c«eoUcction of parallel passages : Wet- 
■** ad Koppe aa commentators. 

665. Jo. Harduini Commentarius 
ta Norum Testamenttim. Amst, 1761, 

^la tjas, Hardouin undertakes to orove that 
Una aad his Apoatlcf pveaehed in Latm. 

^. Ciitical Conjectures and Obser- 
'^tiooi on the N. T., collected from va- 
Mi AnthoiB, as weU in regard to 
Wordi and Pointing, with the reasons 
« wlricb both arc founded, by William 
BowYiB, F.S.A., &c. A Series of Con- 
JJ^^QKs from Michaelis and a Specimen 
« Notes on the Old Testament, by Mr. 
^Utotf, are added in an Appendix. 
1^. l8W,4to, 18*. 

^Wh and beM edition of this valuable 
ytt w hich was originally intended as a sup- 
Jj25* * How^rer's edition of the Greek Tes- 
?■■■* Tbe writers from whom the selection 
*PSMipaBy made, besides Bowyer liimself , are 
^ BhfiiBglMi, Markland. Prof. Schulti, Mi- 
«J^pr. H. Owen, Dr. Woide, Dr. Goaaet, 
•w SIrpb. WcftoD. As oocgeetures, says 



Orme, ' the best that can be said of them is, that 
they are often ingenious. The alterations in the 
I pointing are not properly conjectural, and there- 
! fore may be more saifely trusted.' (1.) Conjec- 
I tures with short Comments and Illustrations of 
, various Passages in the N. T., particularly in 
' the Gospel of Saint Matthew : to which is 
added a Specimen of Notes on the Old Testa- 
ment, by Stephen Wiston, B.D. London, 
1796, 4to, 45. 

667. Chr. Got. Kuttneri Hypom- 
nemata in N. T., (^uibus Grsecitas ejus 
ezplicatur, et Scholiis illustratnr. Lips., 
1780, 8yo, 7*. 6(/. 

'In this important volume by Kuttner, the 
I entire New I'estament is illustrated, chiefly by 
excerpts from J. A. Emesti.'— Orme. 

668. Jo. Sal. Sbmlbri Paraphrases 
in Novum Testamentum. 

Ammon in his notes to Emesti's Institutio 
Interpretis observes, ' we value highly the com- 
mentaries of Semler on the N. 1., on account 
of the mess of learning collected in the notes ; 
but we do not equally value his paraphrases, 
because they often present the opinions, rather 
of the interpreter, tnan of the author.* Rose in 
one of his discourses on the State of the Pro- 
testant Religion in Germany, refers at some 
length to Semler and his o]Hnions. 

669. Chr. Theoph. Kuinobl Com- 

mentarius in Libros N. T. Lipsie, 

1816, 8vo, 4 vols., 24s. 

* A work of mat research, and contains, pro- 
bably, more philol. and critical information for 
illustrating the grammatico-historical sense of 
the N. T. than any other worit of the kind.' — 
Wright's Seiler*s Hermeneutics. (1.) Chr. 
Theoph. KuiNOEL Observ. ad N. T.ex Libris 
Apocryphis V. T. Lipsis, 1794, Bvo, 3f. 6d, 

670. Das N. T. Neu Ubersetst met 
einer Durchans Andwendbaren Erkla- 
rung, von J. D. Thibss. Gera, 1794- 

1800, 8vo, 4 vols., 24s. 

A valuable work. (M Neuer Kritischer 
Kommentar liber das N. T., von J. D. Thiess. 
HaUe, 1804. 

671. Jo. Aug. Ernbsti Institutio In- 
terpretis N. T. 

See col. 109, no. 12. 

' In the exegetical works of Emesti, Storr, 
Carpzog, Staudlin, Knapp, Borger, Tittmann, 
Winer, Heydenreich, Laurmann. Tholuck, 
Emmerling, Bomemann, and Pelt, there is, 
for the moat part, little which is really objec- 
tionable in pnnciple ; but they are more or leaa 
characterised by prolixity, obscurity, and the 
want of a clear and well-digested arrangement.' 
—Dr. Bloomfield. 

672. S. F. N. Mori Prtelectiones in 
Novum Testamentum. 

See col. 100, no. 13. The philological and 
critical expoaitiona of moat of the books of the 
N.T., published under different titles by Prof. 
Moras are, says Orme, 'all highly deserving 

p 



211 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



tit 



bt ftttentkm from thoed who tre attaehedfo the 
■oniid principles of biblical lewniag.' 

673. Car. Auff. Theoph. Kkilii 
Opusc. Acad, ad N. T. Interpr. gram- 
matico - historicam, et llieol. Christ. 
Origenespertineotia, edidit J. D. Gold- 
born. Lipsiae, 1821, 8vo, 9«. 

674. Exegetisches Handbuch iiber 
die Drei Ersten EvaD^elien, von Dr. H. 
E. G. Paulus. Heidelb., 1832, 8vo, 
3 pts., 42s, 

Paulus is neological in the extreme. (1.) 
Philologisch-kritischer Commentar iiber das 
N. T. in Welchem d. Griech. lext. nach e 
Reooflm. d. van*. Interpunct. und Abschnitte, 
I>urcn £inleit» Inhaltsanz. und Scholien als 
Grundl. d. Geschichte d. Urchristenthums 
bearleitet ist, Ton H. E. G. Paulus. Leipz., 
1812,8vo,5vob.und4n. lhis.iste. Abth.,40». 

675. Selecta e Scholiis Lud. Casp. 
Valckbnarii in Libros quosdam N. 
T. editore Discipulo E. Van Wassbk- 
BBRO. Amst., 1815-7, Svo, 2to]8., 24s, 

A selection of very valuable philological 
notes. Bp. Jebb speakis of the notes of Valcke- 
nner as learned, and of the author as hr supe- 
rior to Wakefield. In the second Tolume will 
be found two dissertations by Wassenber^. one 
respecting the trajections oHen necessary in the 
N. T., the other ' de Glossis Novi Testamenti.' 

676. J. G. RosBNMULLBRi Scholia 
inN.T. Editiosexta. Norimb., 1815-32, 
Svo, 5 vols, 50s. 

Last edition. 1 he work is wholly a compila- 
tion. ' The principles of Rosenmiiller are very 
objectionable.' — Dr. Bloomfield. Ammon, in 
his notes to Emesti s Institutio Interpretis, ob- 
serves, Rosenmiiller's Scholia on the N. T. 
have reached their fifth edition, which will not 
be the last, provided sound lit' rature continues 
to flourish in connexion with the xtudy of the 
sacred books ; and Terrot in his transl. of the 
Institutio reniarks,' perhaps for a book of fun- 
damental study, Kosenmiiller may be reoom- 
mended in prefiHrenee to any other. 

677. Annotata in nonuUa <17) Loca 
N. T., edidit Wessel Alb. van Hbnobl. 
Am8t.» 1824, Svo. 

1 he erudite work of a pastor of the Dutch 
Reformed Church. 

678. Opuscula Theolog. ad Crisin et 
Interpr. N. T. pertinentia, ab Hertn. 
Oldhaurbn. Berol., 1833, Svo, 4s. 

* OldhauwnV comment* ry on the New Tc«- 
tBtnent is valuable,' and his work on the Genu- 
inenMs of the Four Gospels ' is much esteemed.' 
—Eclectic Review. 

679. Commentary, or Exposition of 
the N. T., with a Decad of Common 
Pkcea, by JohnTRAPP. London, 1647, 
4to, 2 vols. 

Selected from various quarters. (I.) An 
Edition. London, 1666, £>L, 31s. 6d. Sm 
coL 11^ DO. 31. 

680. An&otBtions on all the Books of 



the New Teetament, by Edmod Lbiab. 
Lond., 1650, foL, iOs. 6d. 

These notes are generallv short, but very 
judicious. They are 'chiefly compiled, w 
with considerable judffnient and evangeKcal 
accuracy.' — BickerstetL Ryland pronoQnees 
them to be ' a valuable treasure for a scadent,' 
and Dr. Doddridge obaaryes, 'they cootaiB 
some particulars which are to be met with 
nowhere else' (1.) Anotljer Kdition. Lond., 

1677, foL, \0s.6d. (2^ Idem, Latine, ab 

Arnoi o. Lipsis, 1/32. 

681. Paraphrase and Annotations oa 
the New Testament, by Henry Ham- 
mond, D.D. London, 1702, foL« 15#. 

Best edition. The former editions appeared 
1653, 1659, 167i: Dr. Hammond ia 'Valtnbk 
for criticism, but deficient in evangelical views.' 
— Bickersteth. He was, aavs Onoe. ' a 
moderate Armintan in doctrinal sentkneat*, a 
great stickler for the divine origin of epiieft> 
pacy; and held some peculiar notions aboat 
the Gnostics.' Dr. £. Williains observes, Haai- 
mood excels in learned criticism to be read 
' cum grano salis * and Girdlestone says hs 
' gives us the result of laborious Htndy/ (1.) 
Supplement to Dr. Hammond's Paraphrase snd 
Annotations on the New I'estament, by Joha 
Le Clerc. London, 1699, 4to, 5s. This book, 
says Orme, 'is necessary to complete Han- 
mond, and contains many things woith read- 
ing.' (2.) Novum Testamentom, ex Ven. 
Vulg., cumParaph. et Adnot. H. Ham momdi ;et 
Anp^ica Lingua in Latinam transtolii, aoisqiw 
ABimadv.illustr.,castig.,eta«iit Jo.Clxbiciis. 
Francof.. 1714, fol.,2 vols., dO$. Dr. DocUrid^ 
preferred Le Clerc's edition of Hamnaoodm 
Latin to the originaL SeeooL S7-8, nou 7. 

682. Paraphrase on the N. T.» inA 
Notes, doctrinal and practical, by the 
Rev. J^chard Baxter. LondoQ» 1685» 
4to, 109. 

* Baxter's work on the New Testament. Ifts 
mo't of hift practical divinity, ia plaiii, forahle, 
and improving.'—Girdlestone. It is. says the 
Rev. K. Bickersteth, 'very plain, but with 
much piet^ and good sense.' In the ofMnioa of 
Orme, it ' is rather of a practical than a eritioal 
nature.' It wus desijifiied by its author, a eatoo 
brated Non-conformi.<t, not so much for the ase 
of the learned, ' as of religious &milies in their 
daily reading of die Scriptures, and of the 
poorer sort of scholars and min at e w who waat 
fuller helps.' M.) An Edition. Loodra, 1696, 
8vo, 6r. (2.) Another. London, 1706, ^% 
Bt. (3.) Another. London, 1810. Svo, 8a. 

683. Sermons on varioas portioDt of 
the N. T., by Thomaa Manton, D.D. 
London, 1693. 

In the fourth volume of his woriia. 

684. New Testament aecordmg to the 
Latin Edition, with critical I&marki 
upon the literal Meaning in diflfim!! 
Places, transl. from the French of Falksr 
Simon, by William Wbbstbb, MJL 
London, 1730, 4to, S vols., \0^6d. 

,Soe eoL66, no. 66a, and eel 91, aow 4^ 



lis 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



3U 



665. Rdleetioiis on the New Teeta- 
meDt firom the French of Pasquier 
QuESNBL. 32mo., 3#. 6d, 

Qnesoel's reflecdonsare much admired. See 
ooL56,Do.6S. 

686. Paraphrase and ComxneDtary on 
tbe N.T., to which ia added a Chronology 
and aa alphabetical Table of Places, bjr 
Daniel >Vuitby, D.D, London, 1760, 
fol, 2 vols., 60t. 

1 ha is eonsidered as the best edition. The 
yvA hu undoobtedly great cntieal merit, and 
ii eoondered as the inseparable companion of 
I'atrek and Lowth. Iheologiaos judge it 
•eeafdiBg to their respective creeis. Or. A. 
ChAe MjB ' Dr. W. is learned, argumentatiTe, 
■ad thoftwghly orthodox.' Dr. E. WUliams, 
•0 the oootnry, declares ' it may serre to shew 
vbsi tyileniatie and bigotted professed Arroi- 
aiua can say on that part of ttie controverted 
^seMkn.* * Whitby is preferable to any other. 
CD teooant of his learning and judicious notes. 
^Dr. Doddridge. Terrot in his edition of 
fracftfs Institutio pronounces Whitby's para- 
ihrne ind commentary to be ' the most popu- 
■rafEoffiiBhezegetical works.' Orme observes 
' On adiiEcnlt text or expression, the reader will 
•ddom consult Whitby m vain ; and if proper 
•Ifevtooe be made for histheol. pepossessions. 
few ooamientators will be founa more useful. 
TboegfaoQt the work he is the most determinc^l 
<9pOBeot of Popery. Calvinism, and Socinian- 
■B. (1.) An Edition. London, 170a, foL, 
Svflh.,l2f. (2.) Another. London, 1709-10, 
iL,3To(8.,15t. (^.) Another. London, 1718, 
■1,2 vok. 15s. ( 4.) Another : with a portrait 
l&At. 1761, 4to, 2 vols., 24f. (5.) Tenth 
Mioa. London, 1807, 4to, 2 vols., 24f. (6.) 
Aa tdition. LoiMlon. 1B22, roy. 4to, 2 vols., 
9k (7.) An Edition. London, 18:j3. Svo, 
Svols. It ought to be mentioned, that though 
nc wwk is remarkably sound in the doctrine of 
raeTrinity, Dr. W. turned Arian before his 
mh, aoa, in his ' Last Thoughts,' defended 
thtt hypothesis. 

687. New Testament compared with 
die Original and the several Transla- 
tions, and illustr. with critical and explan. 
Notes, by John Lindsay. London, 
1736, fioL, 2 vols., 18«. 

The Dutes are selected firom GroCius, Ham- 
■••d. Stanhope, &e. 

668. Paraphrase on the New Testa- 
Aient, hr Sam. Clark s, D.D., and 
^VxDss Pt lb, M .a. 8to, 5 vols., pubL 
■t45f. 

An aniform edition. See, post, nos. 784, 
tid900. 

689. Expos. Notes, with Practical 
Observ. on the N. T., by William Bub- 
•m, M.A. Lond., 1752, fol., 25s. 
^iIm ii generally ccnsidered the best edition. 
■M^itt, tays Bickersteth, ' has many good 
lions OD texts, and gsocrally evange- 
Be was an Arminiaa in hiadoolxioal 
md Dr. Doddbidge obssrvei hs ' has 



many schemes of old sermons; his sentiments 
vary in different parts of his work, as the 
authors from whence he took his materials 
were orthodox or not.' Dr. A. Clarke pro* 
nounces the work to be ' both pious and prae- 
tical, but not distinguished either by depth of 
learning or judgUient:' and Girdlestone re- 
marks. ' burkilt, though scarcely more than a 
compiler, has produced a book better fitted for 
family reading, in po ot of style and method, 
than any of his predecessors.' ( 1.) An Edition. 
Lond., 1704, fol., 10k. 6d. (2.) Other Editions. 
Lond., 1814 and lbl9, 4to, 2^<. ea* h. (».) 
An Edition. Lond., Ib33, 8vo, td vols., puU 
at \6i, i4.) An Abridgment by Samuel 
Glasse, I).D. Lond., 1806, 4to, 2 vols., 20i., 

Sub. at 638, Dr. Olasse professes to have mo- 
ernised and improved the language. (5.) 
An Abridgment, tor the use of the Poor, roy. 
8vo, publ. at 15i. 

690. Practical Expositor ; or, an Ex- 
position of the N. 1'. in the form of a 
Paraphrase, with occasional Notes and 
serious RecoUections at the end of each 
Chapter, by John Guyse, D.D. Lond., 
1739-52, 410, 3 vols., 27*. 

(1.) Dr. Guyse in his religious principles 
was Calvinkftic. His Expositor ' is very useful 
to a minister, though too heavy for the general 
reader.*— Bickersteth. In the opinion of Urme 
it * is a heavy work— in the paraphrase various 
and often discordant senses are brought toge* 
ther- the iu>tes do not throw much linit on the 
text — it is far inferior to the work of Dr. Dod- 
dridge.' Messrs. Bogue and Bennett, how- 
ever, say, ' It displays sound judgment, an 
intimate acquaintance with the oiigmal, con- 
siderable critical acumen, with much serious- 
ness and zeal for truth;' and Dr. Williams 
observes, 'If this work has not an air of 
elegant cridcism and modem refinement, Kite 
Doddridgfe's Family Expositor, it is very sound 
and judicious; expressed in a style significant, 
perspicuous, and correct, though not orna- 
mented.' (1.) AnKdition. Lond., 1760, 4to, 
3 vols., 42ii. Usually denominated the best 
edition. (2.) Another. Edinb., 1775, 8vo, 
6 vols., 24s. (3 ) Other Editions. Edinb., 
1814 and 8, 8vo, 6 vols., 36s. each. 

691. Primitive New Testament [in 
four parts, translated, with a few Notes, 
by W. Whiston]. Stamford, 1746, 
Svo, 2U. 

This work is s«'ldom found complete. It 
should have a prefix of sixteen pages oontain* 
ing a harmony ' of the Resurrection of Jesus 
Christ' Pt 1, the Gospels and Acts, ia tramL 
from the Codex Bezse ; the 2d, tbe Kourteea 
Epistles of Paul, is from the C'lermoat MS. ; 
the 3d. the Seven Catholic EpisUea, and the 
4th, the Revelations, are from tne Alexandrian 
MS. It is a very valuable and excellent pei^ 
formance. 

692. Remarques sur le N. T., par M. 
Bbadsobrb, 1745. See col. 57> no. 67. 

693. Theological Lectures at West- 
nuaittr Abbey, with an laterpretatioA 



315 



RELIGION AND ITS fllSTORT. 



of the N, T., by John Hbyliu, U.D. 
Lond., 1749-6I, 4ta, 2 valB., 15t. 

1'be fiist pari contciruthc in'erprctutioa of 
the Four Gospeb ; tbe Beconil campnEea the 
Aeuoftfae Apostles and the se vend Epiades. 
According to the Monthly Review, ' ia several 
p>rt9 of the wnrk, the [cader will pensive ■ 
■mall tincture of mirsticism.' 

6M. Note! on the New TeBtament, 
fay the Rev. John Weslky. 4to. 

A revi^on of Ihe luthoriied leinon, with 
brieT bnt valuable notes. In the prebce the 
venerable luthor wys, ' I have never know- 
ingly, so much IS in one place, itlered it for 
■Iterinp's SRke; but tbere, and there onlj, 
where, fiist, tbe sense was made better, stronger, 
clearer, or more consisteal with th< 
ordly, where ihe sense 



the p 






r equally ^ood. 



The Hev. E. Bickerslethprot .... _._ 

to be ' ■ brief and sensible Amiinian com- 
■nenL' Dr. E. H illiams oh>erv», ' W'eeley 
proceeds on the rame genend pnaciptes as 
Whitby, but with s reference tnrouBhoul to 
personal religioa.' (I.) Uther Editions, Svo, 
2 voU, publ. at 16>. ; Svo, t vol.. at 10.. ; 
24mo, at 7.. 6d., fcc. Bic. See c"l. 121, oo. 43. 

695. Family Exponitor, or a Pbtb- 
phrBie and Version of the N. T., with | 
Critiol Notes, and a Practical Improve- 
ment of each Section, by Philip Dod- 
DRIDOB, D.D. Lond., 1760-2, 4to, 
6 vols., 50*. 

This i« considered tin best editian, bein^ 
thai printed From the author's latest revision. 
'Itie work was publislted by Dr. Doddridge 
' chi^y to promote Family Religion, and to 
renderlbe reading of the N. T. more pleasant 
and improving lo those that wanted the benefit 
of a h^mgd edueation, uid had not oppor- 
tunity or inclination to consult a Tarietj of 
■ The concurrent — " 



cepiiaubic r — Biekenistk It ia ' idmnUi 
adapted to the ouject Khicfa the amho U 
in view, and no bookuaube read ma Chiiiliu 
family with mun advantage.'— Olme. 'lis 
a work which can seareeiy be recommnilcd 
too much, or consulted too frrflueiUly.' (1.) 
A New Edition, with a Life of the Antlur, liy 
A. K.rpu, D.D. Lond., Via, 8to,6»oU,. 
30i. This ia considered Kippia best nlibaa. 
It baa been aeveral times reprinted in Bro, 
4 vo>a., a4f. (a.) An Edition, with Lifc, l>y 
JobORTON. Loud., 180B, mtd. 4to, 4Kik. 
SOi. imper. paper, 6tk. (3.) An tdiDw. 
Ijlnd., 1835, super roy, Bvo., in 1 tdL (t) 
An Edition. Lond., 1830, or3, roy. BTo,ia 
1 voL, 1&. (6.) An Edition, with Memm 
of the Author, by Job Orion, and Eitndi 
(nimDr.KiPF»,alaaaPDrt[miL Loiid„183l 
imper. Svo, publ. at 2li. <&} An Litkt. 
superintended by Robert Puiur, of Mttxrin 
Chapel. Load., 18— , post Bvo, 6valL,|»tiL 
at 301. ' In this edition a new made(irii~ 
ranging the teat and paraphraae, and [ukinK 
the rt^erencBS is adopted, by which 11 — '" 



rived rl 



only ;> 



m all iattCTi 



cording ti 



diem 






.. relievBl from all iattCTvptM 

in taking up successively the rtnectiie fu*.' 
(T.) An TMition. Lond.. 1B3 .6vdh,iidl. 
at 2Ti. In thii cheap and well printed Met 
the critical notes are omitted, as not ief 
necessary for the domotic instmctuii kf 
which the work is principallT adapted. 

•" ) The Family Eipositor Abridied, t- 
I the plan ot its Author, tiy Sw. 
of Hackney. 8vo., 5 vols.. pobLii 
31>., fi. pa. et&5j. These volumes in'tuM 
for hmiliea in ireneral, and for pofou inon- 
petent to critical enquiries, contain Dr. D.^ 
version, and the most useful eiplan. lOB, 
with piBcl. reflections at the end of each SK- 
tion. entire. The Abridgment is a aivik 
companion to Drton's work on dw Old Xtt*- 
ment— see col. 133, no. 86. 

(9.) Doddridge's Family and Clo«t Eijm- 
sitor ; being his Reflections — ■'- -^-^ ■' 
Ihe New Test 



the Expoator to a distinguished 
OUT ablest eipoaiiurv writings. It is justly cou- 
sidered as a model of eletcant and candid 
criticism in the notes, and of pathetic address 
in the practical improvements of each section ; ^ 
and Dr. A. Clarke spcalib the generml aenti- ' 
mentA of the [earned when he aavs (excepting J 
the paraphraae) it is ' a very juJicioua work. 
It DOS long been highly esteemed, and is 
worthy of ajl Ihe credit it has unong relisious ' 
people.' The paraphrase generally give? the ' 
seme of tba original, though, in some in-; 
staiMxs, it is too much dilated. ' In Ihe cii- j 
tioal oart of tba New Testament. 1 know of, 
il or Whitby; and ■ 
n. and short ' 



i Four Gospels, a 



. with the HamioDilol 



>rinte Oe- 









ixlex. 



Testament, it cannot fall too 
handa of those intended for 
Bishop Barrington. ' It ia un 
liae. Hervey thought he ocesati 
ig side ; bul who is 



_ .j1». tOs. .... . . 

attempt 10 place within the reach of Chrrnaiis 
in the ordinary circumstant^esof hfe, all Ihsl 
is really valuable to general reodm. in Dr. 
Doddridge's incomparable Family Eipcrttr.' 
—Conjnegational Magazine. (lU.)APMtTt 
Eipmitor of tbe New Testament, eontuaiag 
Deflections an every Chnpter. with hiiUi'.aDd 
eiplan. Notes, selected fnim Dr. Doddrid^'t 
Family Eipositor. Second Edition, rac 
proved, ISmo., 3i. 6:1. This selectton ii « 
arranged. Chat it mny be used either ia ikc 
closet or family. (II.) Selectitua bom Ik 
Kxpoaitor of Dr. Doddridge, widi a Poftnit. 
3t.6if. 

69S. New Traimlation of the New 
Testanietit, bv P. Doddridgb, D.D, 
with an Intronuction and Notes. Lond., 
17G5, 12010, 2 vols., 61. 

These vols, contain many new and eicclleia 
renderings. 'Hie work Li worthy of its amisbk 
and pious author. (I.> Vsw Twaaol, 



117 



BIBLICAL commentaries: 



218 



from the origiaal Greek. TheGcw- 

Mb by Geo. Campbell, D J). ; the Acts tnd 
Mvelituni by Philip Dodoridob, D.D. ; fuid 
tkft Epiitfes by Jtmes Mackniobt, D.D. 
32BO, 3b. 6(2. (3.) Another Edition, to which 
ii pRfiied ft Diaiertation on the Inspiration of 
ik \. Tn by P. DoDDRioGB, D.D., and an 
OrifiDal Prefbee by the Rev. T. Gibb Banff. 
Qbo, puhL at 6i. 

697. The N. T. carefullj collated with 
Ihe Greek, collected, and illustrated 
with Notes, critical and explanatory, by 
Richard Wtnnb, A.M. Lond., 1764, 

8T0, 2 Yols., 9». 

Tl» edition is * divided and pointed accord- 
isf to the varioos subjects treated of by the 
nqiirad writers, with the common division 
■tDefatpten and verses in the margin.' I'he 
tiiDiiitKm it chiefly Doddridj|pe*s, and so are 
asty of the notes. The principal valoe <^ the 
w(rt is in the improved division of the con- 
tniB of the N. T., in which Wynne chiefly 
feOovs Bengelii 



C98. liberal Translation of the N. T., 
with idect Notes, critical and ezpla- 
latorj, by Edward Harwgoo, D.D., 
Lmi, 1768, 8to, 2 Tols., I2s. 

This Anui version, aooording to Orme. ' is 
vwbose, tffccted. and, in feet, more the N. T. 
of Dr. Harwood than of the Apostles.' See 
coL 22, no. 47 ; and coL 68, no. 26. 

699. The N. T. transL from tbe 
Gnek, according to the present Idiom 
of the English Tongue, with Notes and 
Refnences, byJohn WoRSLBY. Lond., 
1770, 8T0, S$, 

Otbm observes, ' sonoe of the alterations ap- 
Wtobe noneoeasary, and others are iniu- 
^iotm, , , but it u worth consulting.' The 
jyajj pjty chimed for the vernon is a greater 
iQntion to the rendering of the minuter parts 
rfJngoage. 

70a New Testament, by the Rev. 
Wm. ScoTT, of Trin. CoU., Cambridge, 
widi Plato^ London, 1775, 4to, 7*. 
^J^s edition is illustrated on a plan never 
"^^ttd beibre, and cowists of two parts, a 
cMieuiun of our translatinn, strictly from the 
yfc> and from the notes of our bestcommen- 



701. Essay towards a literal Version 
flf the New Testament, by John Cal- 
UHowu Gla8g.,1779. 
• ^ J^'y curioua specimen of literal rcnder- 
»ir.-the notes of Callander are in Greek.'— 
^ Wnne. 

701 Das N. T. Ubersctzt nnd so 
Erkfirt, dass ein Jeder Ungelehrter es 
>o«dien Kann, von J. H. D. Mol- 
©tUBACEE. Quedlinb., 1787-8, 8vo, 

7W. Expontion of the N. T., by 



William Gilpin, M.A. London, 1790,. 
4to, lOs, 

A sensible and useful work. Ihe plan of 
tbe author is to give the whole substance of the 
N. T. in such a kind of paraphrase as may 
make the historical parts run on in a pleasing 
style of narrative; and convey the doctrind 
partSj with such connexion of the argument, 
and illustration of the sense, as may induce 
even the idle to read the whole with pleasure. 
(1.) Second Edition [with some Additions]. 
London, 1793, 8vo, 2 vols., 12s. 

704. Uebersetzung desN.T., mitUn- 
mertungen fur Ungelehrte, von J. D. 
MiCHASLis. 1790-2, 4to, 4 vols., 
31«. ^d. 

706. Translation of the N. T., by 

Gilbert Wakbpibld, B.A. London, 

1792, 8vo, 3 vols., \2$, 

Orme observes 'His translation grcnerally 
preserves the vernacular idiom of the language ; 
but is never to be depended on where the pecu- 
liar doctrines of Christianity are concerned.' 
Wakefield was an Unitarian. Dr. Laurence 
says ' his translation is deeply tinctured by his 
creed, and his professed attachment to truth 
and candour was too often biassed by prejudice, 
and disgraced by sarcasm.' (I.) Seccnd Edi- 
tion with Improvements. London, 1795, 8vo, 
2 vols., 1 4s. ^2.) A New Translation of those 
Parts only of the N. T. which are wrongiy 
translated in our common Version, by GUb. 
WAKEnsLD, B.A. London, 1789, 8vo, 3f. 6(/. 
This consists of translations of passages, without 
comment or observation. 

706. Translation of the N. T. from 
the Greek, by Thomas Hawkis, Rector 
ofAldwinkle. London, 1795, 8vo. 

This work, says Orme. contains some good 
renderings, and othen which are not only mis- 
taken, but ludicrous. A nother critic pronounces 
it 'pious and strictly orthodox— but nothing 
very new or striking. 

707. Translation of the N. T., at- 
tempted by Nath. Scarlett, assisted 
bv Men of Piety and Literature, with 
Notes. London, 1798, 8vo, bs, 

Scarlett was an Universalist. In his extra- 
ordinarv performance the whole text is arranged 
as a dialogue. 

708. Attempt towards revisinff our 
English Translation of the Greek Scrip- 
tures, and towards illustrating the Sense 
by philological and explanatory Notes, 
by Wm. Newcomb, Abp. of Armagh. 
Ihiblin, 1796, roy. 8vo, 2 vols., 42«. 

The version is much admired, and by many 
considered superior to the established one. The 
alterations on the phraseology of our vennun 
are only where the sense evidently requires 
them— the notes are for the most part short, 
but crenerally judicious and useful. 

799. Historisch- Dogmatische Ausle- 



219 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



no 



Odes N. T., nach ihreai PrinciDien» 
en, und Hulfsmitteln, von K. G. 
Brbtschnbidbr. Lips., 1806» 8vo. 

Tbese principles, sources and aids of the his- 
tor. and doginat. interuretution of the New 
Tettament aie ' admirably suited to the present 
tinies.''— J ahn . 

7 10. New Testament, with Devotional 
Reflectione, by John Gillibs, D.D. 
Second Edition, with a Memoir of the 
Author, by W. Nicmol, D.D. Lond., 
1810, 8vo, 2 vols., 9'. 

This workfSays Orme, 'corresponds most faith- 
fully with its title, and seems to reflect in every 
page the pietv and high devotional spirit of the 
author.' Gillies' Devotional Reflections are, 
in the opinion of the Uev. £. Bickeisteth,much 
Cfldcttlated to raise the heart to communion with 
God , through the word. It is ' a most valuable 
bock for those m ho lead family devotion, — every 
important fact, doctrine, or precept of the N. T. 
beinor made the ground and matter of nrajrer.' 
Dr. Erskine pronounces Dr. Gillies' reflections 
to be * beautiful and striking, though undesigned 
pictures of his pious and benevolent heart.' 
The first edition pubL 1769, 8vo, (tk. 6tL) has 
BOt the text. 

711. New Testament, or New Cove- 
nant according to Luke, Paul and John, 
by the Rev. Edward Evamson. Lond., 
1807, sm. 8vo. 

This volume contains all the writings of the 
New Testament, which, in the opinion of Mr. 
Evanson, are i>roperly authenticated, and fm: 
from all suspicion of spuriousness, or which he 
thought fit to acknowledgre. He rejects as 
' manifest forgeries, possessing no claim what- 
ever to the title of genuine wntings,' the whole 
of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and John : 
in Luke, the two first chapters : the account of 
the baptism, temptations, and transfiguration 
of Je^ius; the story of the herd of swiae; the 
conversation with the Thief on the Cross ; and 
some passages in the Lord's Prayer: the 
whole of the epistles to the Romans, Kphe- 
sians, Colos8ians,and Hebrews : Jam^ Peter, 
John, and Jude ; and in the Kevelations, the 
Epistles to the Seven Churches in Asia. 

712. New Testament, in an Improved 
Version, upon the basis of Abp. New- 
come's NewTranslation, with a Ciorrected 
Text, and Notes Critical and Explana- 
tory [by Thos. Bblsuam, and otners]. 
London, 1808, 6vo, 7«.; large paper, 12«. 

This 'Improv^ Version,' aecordmg to Orme, 
'mangles and misrepresents the ori^nal text, 
perverts the meaning of its most important 
terms, and explains away all that is valuable in 
the doctrinal system of Christianity.' It pretends 
to be p|laced upon the basis of Abp. Newcome's, 
by which it is basely insinuated that the prmiate 
was a Socinian. Nothing can be more felse : 
Abp.Newoome*s Translation is strictly orthodox 
on all the great points retatingto the divinity 
and atonement ot Christ ( 1 . ) Remarks on the 
Version of the N. T. btelv edited bv the Uni- 
tarians, lie, by Edward N Aitts, D.D. Lond., 



1808, 8vo, 3f.6tf. A v«^ mattcniy perfonBiaei, 
of which a tecond edition with hnpf fw nwH 
appeared in 1814, 8vo. 7t. Orme proaooam 
it to be a very able and valuable discos^on d 
the merits of the Unitarian version. (2.) Oiti- 
eal Refiections upon some Important Miarepn- 
sentations contained in the Unitariaa Vcoioi 
oftheN.T., by Richard LAUBKifCB[AI».of 
Cashel]. Oxford, 1811. 8vo, St. Prof.Ua. 
renoe's reflections on this version are, mp 
Orme, ' severe and pointed, but genefilly cor- 
rect and well supported.' They disulty madk 
prufound and accurate criticism. Ck) AniBsd* 
versions on the Unitarian Translation or In- 
proved Version of the New Testament, liy a 
Student in Diviniiy [the Rev. I • RsNniLl 
Lond, 181 1 , 8vo, Ss. In the Quart. Rev^ 1-31S. 
86, and in the Eclectic Rev., v, 24^ and 336- 
51. some very important poinls are dinuvid 
in their rtrview of tnis Version. AaabUaoiMe 
also appeared in the British Review, (i.) 
Some Remarks on the Unitarian Method d 
Interpreting the Scriptures, by the Rev. Chirkf 
Daubent, Archd. of Sarom. London, 1815, 
8vo, 65 pages. (5.) Vindioation of the As- 
thentioity of the Narratives contained in tk 
firstiwoChaptersof the Gospels of St Mittbew 

and St. Luke ; bong an Investigstion of 0I>* 
jections urged by the Unitarian Edilofsof the 
Improved X^ersbn of the New TeBtameat,«it| 
an Appendix, containing Strictures on « 
Variations between the First and Second M- 
tions of that Work, by a Layman f Jota 
Bevas, a Quaker]. London, 1822, 8vo,oi. Ab 
excellent and very dbiborate work. (^)J]|* 
' Improved' Version, truly deaignatcd a Cr««: 
a Letter to the Rev. J. Yates, Secrete ryofw 
Unitarian Association, containing an Ehobs- 
tioQ of his Defence of the Improved Veninis 
his ' Letters to the Vioe-ChanceUor,' oa w 
Case of Lady Hewley's Trust, bv Rob«t 
Halley, Classical Teacher in Hi^oun Col- 
lege. 8vo, 2<. This is the onlv critical E oau; 
nation of the Fourth Kdition or the ' Imprvvcd 
Version,' which differs in many respects Dtn 
the preceding. 

713. A Modem, Correct, and Oom 
Translation of the N. T. |_by — Wil- 
liams]. London, 1812, 4ta 

714. New Testament, trand. from the 
Greek and the Four Gospels arranged in 
Harmony, with some Prelim. Obserw- 
tions and Notes, critical and explanatory, 
by Wm. Thomson, A.M. Kibnimoct 

1816, 8vo, 3 vols., 24t. 

In little estimation. Mr. Orme, >^.?' 
cussini( its merits and defects, oheenrei 'w 

i)iety of the author, and his attachment to tM 
eading doctrines of the Gospel, are veir spp** 
rent ; and, with all its delects, some of me »«• 
derings are good, and many remarb occor 
which are worthy of attentioD.' 

715. Scientia Biblica. London, 181S* 
Seeool.24, no. 50. 

716. RecensioSynopticaAnnotati(»u« 
Sacrae, being a Critical Diffest and S^ 
noptical ArnmgeiDent of tarn most ii*- 



Itl 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



222 



raX AnnotetioM on tke N. T., hf 
Ber. S. T. Bloomfibld, D.D. 
London, 1826-8, 8vo, 8 vols., pnbl. at 
Uts, 

BlooinCeld*! Reoeosio Synoptiea is, nys the 
Bcv. E. Bickeistetb, 'a conmrehensive and 
kboriooi digest of critidams, from a variety of 
dHRprent quarters, ancient and modern.' It pre- 
aeats by rar the most extensive and valuable 
body of exegvtical matter ever yet laid before 
the public, and com|>reheDds whatever is essen- 
tia to the interpretation o( the New Testament 
' 1 hat Dr. BhxMnfield should have been able 
"Vith such slendtf means only as an inconsider- 
able benefice in an obscure situation could 
nrnply/' to produce two such arduous uoder- 
iniaigs as his Recensio Synoptica, and his 
aftoB «f the Greek Testament^ affords a fireeh 
prwf, how little learning is mdebted to tha 
anleodid eodowmenti and rich sinecures of the 
faahlishmenf/^Eclectic Review. 



717. New Self-interpretiDg Testa- 
ment, hj- the Re^. John Flatts. Lon- 
don, 1827, roy. 4to, puhl. at 56s. ; 8vo, 
4 ToU^ at 541. 

The compiler proiesses to have proceeded on 
t principle of selection, and to have inserted 
sppocle texts, while he nas rejected all such as 
«are not leaily parallel. Ine vol. contains 
'■aay thooaands of various readings and 
pmUel passages, with introductory argumenis 
eoneenmg the origin, occasion and character 
of each book, a reconciliation of seeming con- 
tradictioQs, aod the meaning and pronunciation 
of ioiptiire proper names.' 

718. New Testament, arranged in 
Fvagiapha, such as the Sense reqtiires, 
hf James NounsB. New York, 1827, 
9?o. 

Ov au t h o na ed Tetiion. The naragraphs are 
soped sometimes from BeogeTs edition, but 
ffeaoally froa Knappe's. The divisions of 
^oplBs aod verses are noted in the margin, 
nd various tables, a few notes, &c., are given. 

719. New Testament, with an Introd. 
tod Notes, by J. A. Cummins. Second 
E^tion improved. Boston, 1827, 12mo. 

720. New Testament, with a Plain 
Eipootion, for the use of Families, by 
the Rer. Thomas Boys, M Jl. Lond., 
1827, small 4to, 20t. 

* Bays' Exporition on the N. T. is a series of 
vifiaa] and suitable fiimily sermons, generally 
SB the xpost str'kinar feature of a chapter, anil 
• thi s view well adapted for fiuniJy miprove- 
ML'-^Btckersteth. The comments are 
*jci ty evangelical, and the style is simple, 
■Bisitlid. and remarkably derout. ' The ex- 
PMiboo iicaerves more success than it appears 
to hsve obtained. For perspicuitT of expres- 
M, and power of application it will often bear 
with the b«rt.'— Girdkstooe. 



721. DailT Expositor of the New 
Tsitiment. by lliomas Key worth. 
1828, 8TO, 2 Tob., pnbh at 19t. 



Keyworth's work blends, to a eonsaderable 
extent, the genuine character of an ezplana* 
tory comment with that of a practical expo* 
sition ; it is brief, simple, and devout, and well 
adapted for the peruiBal of children and ser- 
vants, or of the lower orders of society.— Eclec- 
tic Review. (1.) Pocket Expositor of the 
N. T., by Thomas Kf\ worth. Second Edi- 
tion. Lond.y IQii-'^, 18mo, publ. at 5<. 6(/ ; or 
with the text, at 7s. 6d. Tnis work is distri- 
buted into 365 portions for daily reading. 

722. The Gospel of God's Anointed, 
the Glory of Israel, and the liflht of 
Revelation for the Gentiles. Lond., 
1828, 18mo, 5s, 

The text from which this yerrion has been 
formed is the generally received text, and some 
of the varioua readings have been adopted. 
I he subject matter of all the writings is dis- 
tributed into sections and paragraphs. 

723. Analecta Theologica, by the^r. 
William Trollope. I^ndon, 1828-34, 
8vo, 2 vols., publ. at 155. and 17^. 

A digested and arranged compendium of the 
most approved commentaries upon the N. T. 
designed for junior biblical students. It is the 
object of the work to embody, in as small a 
compass as is consistent with perspicuity, the 
opinions, illustrations, and expositions of the 
principal theologians and biblical critics : dis- 
tinctly marking those who have taken difrerent 
sides of a disputed point, and directing the at- 
tention of the student to that interpretation 
which teems to be best supported and moat 
generally received. 

724. The N. T. in the Common Ver- 
sion conformed to Griesbach's Standard 
Greek Text, by Nathan Halb. Boston, 
U. S., 1830, 12mo, 6s. 

In this valuable publication the editor haa 
' changed all in the English which Griesbach 
has changed in the Greek, and uo more.' The 
edition med was Griesbach s Manual Testa- 
ment printed at Leipsic in 1806. 

725. New Testament, with a Selec- 
tion of Parallel Passages, and the Ori- 
ginal Readings printed in the Centre 
between two Columns of Text. 8#. 

This, a neatly printed flat pocket volume, » 
interpaged vrith the Scripture Harmony pub- 
lished by Bagster. 

726. Christian Expositor, by the Rev. 
George Holdrn. 

See ool. 130, no. 69. 

727. Devotional Testament, contain- 
ing Reflections and Meditations on the 
different Paragraphs, by the Rev. 
Richard Marks. London, 1830, 4to, 
publ. at 165. 

Admirably suited for fsmily vvorship and 
private reading. The work had its origin in 
' the simple and humble circumstance of the 
wants* of his own household ; and ' the writer'a 
aim has been ... to give such a direct and 



223 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



IS4 



devotional turn to the different paragmphs, as 
the sacred Text evidently and naturally nir- 
nifthed/ 

727 a. Divarication of the N. T. 

into Doctrine and History, by Thomas 

WiROMAN. London, 1830, sm. 8to. 

2s. 6d. 

In this work the author ' attempts to esta- 
blish the Divinity of Christ, and the Doctrine 
he taugrht, to the absolute conviction of every 
rationfd being.' ( I . ) Divarication of the N. T. 
into Doctrine, the Word of God, and History, 
the Word of Man, by Thomas Wiroman. 
Second Edition enlarged. Lond., 183 , 8vo, 
publ. at 21s. This edition is illustrated with 

Sid titles and numerous embellishments. In 
) prospectus the author observes that his 
' Divarication' has established for ever ' the 
Divinity of Christ, the Rationality of the 
Athanasian Creed, and the Truth of the Holy 
Trinity.' A fourth edition appeared in num- 
bers ^6(f. each; and Mr. Wirorman likewise 
put fordi a penny pamphlet entitled 'Argument 
for the Divarication of the N.T. into Doctrine 
or Word of God, (and) History or Word of 
Man.' 

728. Explanatory and Practical Com- 
ments on the New Testament, by the 
Rev. Ed. Hardman. Dublin, 1830-2, 

8yo, 2 vols, 2U. 

A series of short lectures, desired as an 
assistant in family worship, and suited to the 
capacity of all ranks. They ' contain several 
useful hints on prophetical passages, published 
before Ms views became warped by Irvingism.' 
— Bickersteth. 

729. Explanatory Notes upon the N. 
T., with occasional Remarks, Critical 
and Practical, by the Rev. G. Bliss. 
Lond., 1832, 12mo, publ. at 6s. 

730. New Testament, with a Commen- 
tary, by the Rev. Charles Girdlbstonb. 
London, 1832-5, 8vo, 4 pts. in 2 vols., 

publ. at 36^. 

' These labours are an honour to Mr. Girdle- 
stone, and a service to the Christian world. 
They bespeak the pious, earnest divine— the 
exemplary minister— the indefoticrable and 
practical oonmientator.'— British Critic, llie 
chief object of the editor has been to furnish 
fomilies with an exposition for daily reading. 
The Scripture is divided into paragraphs of a 
convenient lengfth, and the explanatory and 
practical matter is digrested, under each portion, 
mto one consecutive Lecture, so as to demand 
of the reader no previous study or attention. 
All controv. doctrines, all abstruse theories, 
and all learned discussionsare carefully avoided. 

731. New and Corrected Version of 
the N. T., with Notes, by Rod. Dick- 
inson. Boston [Massachussetts], 1833, 

rov. 8vo. 

In little estimation. The translator pompously 
announces his work as ' a minute revision and 
professed translation of the original historien. 



memoirs, letters, prophecies, and other prodie- 
tions of the Evangelists and ApotdeL' TVe 
notes are principally selected from EofGik 
and American writers. 

732. Village Testament with Notes, 
original and selected. Sec, by the Bev. 
Wra. Patton. New York, 1833, ISmo. 

This excellent edition of the authorised Tcr- 
sion likewise contains introductions and cobcL 
remarks to each book, polyglot referenoei,iDd 
marginal readings, geogr. index, chronol tud 
other tables, and two maps. A second ediboi 
appeared in 1834. 

733. Common-place Book, or Com- 
panion to the N. T., by the Rev. S. 
LoNouuRST. London, 1833, 8vo,paM. 
at 5s. 6d. 

This useful work, chiefly collected from tlw 
most eminent authors and critics, coomIi of 
illustrations of difficult passages, apparent oon- 
tradictions and inconsistencies reoondled, sad 
the conformity of some important UcU mn- 
tinned in Scripture with the statements of pro- 
fane authors. 

734. Explanatory and Practical Com- 
ments, beinj|r a Senes of short Lectmei 
on the N. T., by a Clergjman of the Es- 
tablished Chnrch. Dublin, 1833^, Sro, 
9 nos. in 2 vols., pubL at 21«. 

Designed as an assistant in hmWj ^f^""^ 
and suited to the capacity of all ranks. Tse 
parts have been frequentlr reprinted. 11» 
general characteristics of tue comments are. 
piety, brevity, textuality, and unction, with a 
pithmess of remark, resembling those ininut' 
able maxims of Matthew Henry, wfaidi sre 
introduced by a note. 

735. Pocket Commentary, coniiitiiiK 
of Critical Notes on the N. T., origiDil 
and selected, from the most celebrated 
Biblical Critics and Commentators, by 
David Davidson. Edinb., 1834, 24ibo, 

4s. 
Frequently reprinted. 

737. Family Commentary, or short 
and plain Exposition of the N. T., hj t 
Lady [Mrs. Thomson]. York, 18 
12mo, 1 1 pts. in 4 vols., pubL at 33«. 6^- 

Intended ' for the use of the family, or the 
private reading of such persons as have oeitbcr 
the leisure to read, nor toe means ofpar chiiinf 
larger commentaries.* (I.) New Editkm, u 
8vo. 2 vols., publ. at 21«. (2.) Prayers tdaiiw 
to the Family Commentary. ]2mo, publ. it 8(. 

738. The Reference Testament, b; 
Henry Wilbur, A.M., with three Mip«i 
Second Edition. Lond., 18 » ^• 

Printed from 6th American edition. Tw 
work contains the common version of the N.T., 
with references, and a key of questiont; ^ 
which is added, outtines for Bible class in*n»c- 
tion ; table for proper names accented for e«^ 
rect pronunciation ; geog. table ; chronol.ttbM ; 



MB 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



326 



ttliJeofrefefaieetolheprophecieB; andamisc. 
table. 

739. Qoestions and Answers on the 
Nev Testament, with Notes, and Refe- 
rences to the best Authors. Oxford, 
183a, 38, 6d. 

An vatSal vmdt^-^necvm to the student pre- 
pumg lor holy orders, and an improving 00m- 
pnioo for young pertoos in general, in sehools 
•adfiuailieB. 

740. The Book of the New Covenant 
of oar Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, 
bfGruivillePBNN, Esq. London, 1836, 
8to, pobL at lOff. 

'Acritieal leritioD ef the English ▼ersion 
of the N. T., with the aid of most ancient mas., 
nksown to the age in which that version was 
Im pat forth hy authority.' The work is some- 
vliAt peculiar in its kind. Ihe author has 
ttktn poMCflsion of unoccupied ground, and 
Wildly opened up a new path. (1.) Annota- 
ftoat 10 the Book of the New Covenant, with 
a& Ezpoiitory Pre&ice ; with which is reprinted 
J. L Hi'o, ' De Antiquitate Codicis Yaticani 
Ce fu fn t stio/ hy Granville Penn, Ksq. 
Loadpo, 1837. Svo, pM. at 1S«. This vol. 
entfiini a huninoua prefiice in two parts, in 
*kich ii pren an aceount of the plan of the 
*vk, ladthe principle adopted in its execution, 
^e^Hfae annotations are excellent. (2.) Sup- 
pharatsl AnnotatioM to the Book oi the New 
CsrcBut, with a hrief Exposure of the Stric- 
*siw of the Theological Keviewer for July, 
1837,byGi«nville Pkhn, Esq. London, 1838, 

741. New Testament, with References, 
l^adingt. Notes, Maps, &c. London, 
1838. 33ino, 4s. 

Abcsotilul podcet edition. 

VThe Rev. £. Bickenteth also refers to 
^■Pitiae. Bede, Grefforf, Origen; and to 
osmsfer, Brenthis, Zmnghus. 

,7«. Historical Books. — Commenta^ 

^M 00, Harmonies of, the Gospels, &c. 

See col 25-6, 00s. 67 to 69: col. .it, nos. 40 

nd 41 ; eoL 72-8, nos. 8 to 35 ; col. 106, no. 69. 

743. Jo. CHRYflosTOMi Uomilis in 
M rt thgm n, Joannem, Acta Apostolorum, 
ctEpistolasS. Pauli. 

t^ jy< i observes • The ftyle in which these 
■■™« are composed lies between the gram- 
*^i^sad the dogmatical, an ethical a])plica- 
!^ Ming appended to a short and perspicuous 
■Jjjwtstion of the words. The whole of an- 
Wtv can boast of nothing superior to the 
gyy * on the Epistles of St. Paul ; and. 
•••jd, all the Greeks, who afterwards wrote 
•• ■••8 Kpisiles, did little more than repeat 
]rj"JowofChry»ostom. Of the homilies on 
yfp< prical books, those on Matthew are most 
*■% the stttntion of the student/ 

744. Theophylacti, Archiep. Bul- 
MiB, Comment, in Qoatnor Evangelia, 
«wctet Latine. Paris., 1631, fol., 15s. 

■Mophylact is by far the most agreeable ; 



especially for beginners in the study of Greek 
commentary. He comprises all thatis valuable 
in Chrysostom, and for the most part nearly 
in Chryaostom's words ; while at the same time 
he has given to the whole more ease, simplicity, 
and compactness. Seldom does he venture any 
new opinion of his own ; and when he does, it 
is with great deference to his predecessors. — 
Stuart. 

745. Eusebii Hibronymi Stridon. 
Commentarii in Matthsei Evang. et in 
omnes Pauli Epistolas, &c. 

In his works. 

746. EuTHYMii Zigabeni Comment, 
in Quatnor Evangelia, Gr. cum Vers. 
Lat. Jo. Hbntbnii, suisque adjectis 
Animadv.edidit Christ Frid. MATTHfii. 
Lips., 1792, 8vo, 3 vols., 24s. 

An excellent edition, printed from two mss. 
in the library of the Holy Synod at Moscow. 
Euthymius flourished in the 12th century. His 
commentaries on the Gospels, in Latin, bor- 
rowed from Chrysostom and others, will be 
found in the Bibl. Patrum Max., voL xix. 

747. Mart. LuTHBRi Enarrationes 
Epiatol. et Evangel., quas Postillas vo- 
cunt. Basil., 1521, 4to, 5s. 

748. Phil. Melancthonis Annot 
in Evangelia, quae Diebus Domin. et 
Festis proponuntur. Witeb , 1545, 12mo, 
4s. 

Also in his works. (1.) Melancthoniana 
Postilla, hoc est, Lectiooum Evangelicarum, 
quae more recepto et usitato in plsrisque Ec- 
clesiis Christiams, Diebus Dominicis, &c., pro- 
ponuntur, Explicationes Phil. MsuiNCTHONis, 
m unum qussi corpus collects a C. Peziuo. 
Heidelb., 1594, 8vo, 3 vols., 15t. This is not con- 
tained in the Catalogus Bunavianus, or in any 
of the catalogues quoted by Bauer, Freytag, 
Gerdes, Vofft, &c. (2.) Phil. Mklancthonis 
in Evang. Matthiei et Joannis Annotationes. 
Basil., 1523, sm. 8vo,6i. 

749. Des. Erasmi Paraphrases in iv 
Evangelia, ex recens. J. Clerici, cura- 
vit — Augustus. Berol., 1778, 8vo, 
2 vols., 12s. 

See col. 204, no. 635. 

750. Uuld. ZuiNGLii in Evangel, et 
Apostol. Scripta aliquot Annotationes. 
1539, fol., 20s. 

750 a. Mart. Bucbri in Quatuor 
Evangelia Enarr. perpetuae. Apud. Rob. 
Stephanum, 1553, fol. 

751. Henr. Bullingbri in Matthe- 
um et Marcum Commentarii. Hguri, 
1554, fol. 

752. Jo. Calvini Conmientarii in 
Evangelistas et Acta Apostolorum. 

Amst., 1671, fol., 15s. 

Best edition. (1.) Harmonie upon the Three 
Evsngelistes, Matthewe, Marke, and Luke, 

a 



227 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



22S 



with Commentarie on John, by John Calvin, 
translated by Eus. Paget. London, 1610, 4to, 
15t. A former edition appeared in 1584, 4to, 
20s. 

753. Jo. Maldonati Ck)mmentarii 

in Quataor Evangelia. Paris.* l6l7yfoL 
Maldonatus ' is a very ingenious commen- 
tator, distinguished for his elegant and neat 
Latinity.* — Harwood. (I.) Idem. Mog^unt., 
1596, folio. Kmesti oosmres ' while Simon 
justly blames the sectarian fiiry of the Jesuit 
Maldonatus, he gives him credit for his 
Hebrew learning, and for his diUgent collec- 
tion of illustrations from the fathers.' 

754. EmaD. Saa vel de Sa Scholia in 
Quatuor Evangelia. Ant.* 1596, 4to. 

Saa*8 ' notes are brief, but learned and ju- 
dicious.' — Orme. lliey were several times 
reprinted. 

755. Rod.GuALTHBRi ArchetypiHo- 
miliarum in iv Evangelia et Acta Apos- 
tolorum, k Rod. Sbmlero. Tiguri, 1601, 
fol. 

756. Franc. LucA Bmgensis Com- 
ment, in Quatuor Evangelia. Ant., 1606, 
fol., 3 vols., 2\8. 

Luke de Bruges studied under Arias M on- 
tanus, and was esteemed an able critic, and 
deeply skilled in the original languages of the 
Scriptures. Nothing, sa^rs Dr. Mill, is more 
judicious and exact than his notes. ' Son grand 
ubjet est de rechercher la signification propre 
des mots; et il est r^ussit admirableroent au 
gr6 des critiques et des scholiastes de toutes les 
communions. —Biogr. Universelle. He is the 
author of a valuable treatise in the London 
Polyglot ' de Grscis et Latinis varietatibus 
Evamreliorum, cum Gr. Syr. et Lat Scripto- 
ribus. 

757. Seb. Barradii Commentaria in 

Concordiam et Historiam Evangelicam. 

fol, 4 vols., 2l8. 

* Opus est majons industrie ac laboris, quam 
judiai atque eruditioms.* — Walch. 

758. Abr. ScuLTETi Exercitationes 
Evangelicse. Amst., 1624, 4to. 

These Exercitations illustrate successfully 
some obscure passages in the Evangelists. 

759. Lud. Db Dibu Animadv. in 
Quatuor Evanoelia, et in Acta Aposto- 
lorum. Lug. bat, 1631-4, 4to, 2 vols. 

' Ubi, coUatis Syri, Arabis, iEthiopici, Vul- 
gati, Erasmi, et Bezs, versionibus, cufficiliora 
qusque loca illustrantur, et vaiiae lectiones 
coniSmintur.' 

760. Joannis Cambroni Myrothe- 
cium Evangelicum. Geneve, 1632, 4to, 

6s, 

This work discovers the author's extensive 
knowledge of the Greek lanffuage, and parti- 
cularly of the idiom <^ the N. T. It is not to 
be found in any edition of Cameron's collected 
works. 



761. Com. Jansbnii Taetrateuchot, 
sive Commentarius in Evangelia. Bnix., 
1755 4to 6*. 

See'coL 72, no. 10 (1.) Editio altera. Mech- 
lin., 1825, 12mo, 2 vols., 10s. 

762. Fred. Spanhemii Dubia Evan- 
gelica. Genevse, 1639» 4to, 2 vob., I2s. 

Orme observes ' those who have patience to 
travel through Spanheim's reaaooings, will 
never be altogether disappointed. His book ii 
both an exegetical performance, in whidi the 
true meaning is attempted to be given of maar 
passages in St Mattnew, and a polemrcil 
defence of the orthodox views of manydoctti- 
nal and disputed points, against Infidel8,PagaM, 
Jews, Samoaatenians, AnabaptistB, Catfaobo. 
and all other sects.' The work is Ixkewist 
praised by Walch, Reimmann, and Senebier, 
the latter of whom observes, ' on hat toujoan 
un grand usage de ce livre dans les defenses da 
Chrisdaniame, qui paroissent fr^quement, qaei- 
qu'on cache pour rordinaire la source on I'os 
puisse le savoir et le jugement qui y briUent' 

763. Veteris Interpretis cum Ben 
aliisque recentioribua CoUatio in Quatuor 
Evangeliis et Apoetolorum Actis, antorv 
Jo. Boisio. Lond., 1655, 8vo, 6s. 

This work, sajrs Todd, is ' much esteevwd 
by the learned, for it contains a profusioo of 
diversified and exquisite criticism, gntih- 
ing the taste as well of the classical la tw 
biblical scholar.' The valuable laboon of 
John Bois are often noticed in Abp. Usfaer't 
Letters. He was one of the translators of oar 
authorized version of the Scriptures. 

764. Novi Testamenti Labri Hiatorici, 
Gr. et Lat., perpetuo Commentario ilh»- 
trati a Bsdd. WALiso. Lugd. Bat, 
1653, et Amst , 1662, 4to, lOf. 6d. 

A variorum edition of the Four Gospels and 
Acts of the Apostles, highly praised in Reim- 
manni Bibliotneca. Emesti pronounces Wa- 
leus' annotations to be of little merit 1 he 
Rev. T. H. Home observes * the no'es of 
Beza, Grotius, Drusius, Heinsius, and otheri, 
are here inserted in regular order, the reader 
being left to decide for himself, which ittfeer> 
pretation he shall prefer.' 



765. Christ Sandii Interpr.paiado: 
Quatuor Evangeliorum ; quibut affin 
est Diss, de VeiiK), ima cimi Appendice. 
Amst, 1670, small 8vo, 55. 

The writings of the Socinian C. van dm 
Sand are rare. 

766. Sam. Przipcovii Cogitatkofs 
Sacras ad Initium Evanff. Matthiri et 
omnes Epistolas Apostolicas, necoon 
Tractattis varii Argument!. Eleatk. 
[Amst.,] 1692, fol., \0s. 

This forms a supplement to the Bib. Frstnim 
Polonorum. See col. 205, no. 646. 

767. Car. Mar. Db Vbil ExpBMtio 
literalis Evang. sec. Matthstun et Mtr* 
ctmi. Lond., 1672, 8vo., 4s. 



m 



BIBUCAL COMMENTARIES. 



230 



Tbii iint tditioa was pvbHibed by the author 
when • Catholic. (1.) Ediuowcunda. Load., 
1678,8TO,5f. In the prefiice to thb edition, 
Ae anthor gives an account of his conversion 
to PnHotantisni. 

768. Four Evangelists, with Com- 
aeots on each Verse, from the French 
of P. QuBSNKL. Bath, (1800?) 8vo, 
S ToU., 18#. 

See coL 56, no. 65. ' Quesnel has more of 
tb spirit of Cbrysoston^ than almost any of 
dkeBoderoii And there is an English tranisla- 
tisB in which the Romish errors are blotted 
fiL'— Girdlestone. 

(L) Four Gospels, with a Comment and 
Rdections, from the French of P. Quxsnbl. 
Lfladm. 1823, 12mo, 3 vols., 15s. 

(2.) ilie Gospels, with Moral Reflections on 
caoi Vene. by Le Pere Quesnel, and an In- 
Inikctory Enay by Daniel Wilson, Bp. of 
Caleotta. Ghiscr., 1830, 12mo, 3 vols., pub- 
bheditlSs, 

769. Pet Pan. Huktii Demonstratio 
ETsng^ca. Faoris., 1690, fol., 125. 

Thinl tad best edition. This work, on the 
efidenoes of Christianity, is, says Orme, ' learn- 
ed, dabonte, and increnious, but frequently 
fttoful sod injudicious.* The learned author, 
vhowis Bishop of Avranches, maintains that 
lb tnuh of Christianity ' may be proved by 
tiiBt kiad of demonstration, which is not leas 
OBtiia than geometrical demonstrations.* 
Bisbop Watson observes ' This is a me- 
llttdied work, replete with erudition.* ' In it 
tibe tothor enikavours to prove the truth of 
mend htstury, by diewiog that all the heathen 
■ytholoffy proceeds 6xm divine revelation, 
dM^ disused, and &lsified.*— Williams. 

770 Sam. Frid. Buchbri Antiqui- 

Utei Bibfice, ex Novo Testamento sb- 

lectx, Consoetudines, Ritus et Formu- 

hi Vetemm examinantes. Vitembergse, 

1729, 4to, 6«. 

Aa elucidation from Rabbinical Sources of 
IW Ucspeb of Matthew, Mark and Luke. 

771. Jo. Christ. KoBCHBRi Analecta 
in Qoatoor Evangelia. Altenb., 1766, 
410, lit. 

See ooL 207, no. 655. 

772. Jac.Eii«NKRiCk)mment Critico- 
^ilologieQs in Evang. MatHiiei et Mard, 
Kotnlis adjecit F. Btosch. Trajecti, 
1773, 4to, 3 vols., 18#. 

8toecol207,no.65^ 

773. Imman. Hoffmann i Demon- 
*a6o Evangelica . . . cdidit, &c. T. G. 
Hkoblmaibr. Tub., 1773-81, 4to, 
3?ols., 30f. 

' Fall of leaminjr and in general very judi- 
ww,'— Onne. The quotations are prmted 
■Mat cited in the N.T., then in the Hebrew, 
■JJthirdly, as given in the Septuafrint, then 
"oUo« cntical and hermencutical examinations. 



774. Periconae Evangdicse, iUnstravit 
Chr. Theoph. &uinobl. Lipsise, 1796-7* 
8vo, 2 vols., 9*. 

Critical and expository annotations on the 
Gospels according to the ritual of the Lutheran 
church. 

(1.) D. Chr. Theoph. KuiNOEL Comment. 
inLibros N.T. Historicos. LipsisB, 1808-18, 
8vo. 4 vols., 24s, Kuiuoel's is said to be one 
of the best philological comments extant, but it 
is ' tinctured,* sa3rs Uose, ' with the free pecu- 
liarities of German criticism.* (2.) Editio 
altera. Lond., 1828, 8vo, 3 vols. An elegant 
reprint. The various mdings of Griesbach 
are subioined to the textus receptus of the his- 
torical books of the New Testament (3.) Libri 
Historici N. T., cum Commentariis Chr. 
llieoph. KuiNQEL. 1835, 8vo, 3 vols., 18«. See 
col. 210, no. 669. 

77 S' G. F. Sbilbr Dissertationes de 
Tempore et Ordine quibus tria Evange- 
lia priora Canonica bcripta sunt. Erl., 
180.5-6, 4to. 

Seiler's hypothesis is, that Mark transl. into 
Greek and enlarged the Syro-Chaldaic Gospel 
of Matthew ; that this S. C. Gospel, enlarged 
in many places, either by Matthew himself, or 
by other men worthy of credit, was subse- 
quently trans], into Greek eitlier by Matthew 
himself, or some other person, and that the 
Greek translator consulted the Gospel of Mark. 
—Wright 

776. De Ck)n8tanti et iEquabili Jesu 
Christi Indole, Doctrina, ac Docendi 
Ratione, scripsit E. A. Borobr. Lug. 
Bat., 1816, 8vo, 6*. 

A learned comparison of the writings of the 
four evaogeUsts. 

777' Synopsis Evang. Matth. Marci 
et Luca;, Parallelis Joannis Pericopis, 
cum select Lect., a W. M. L. de Wbttb 
et F. LucKB. Berol., 1818, 4to, lOf. 

778. J. M. A. ScHOLZ Curse Criticse 
in Historiam Textus Evangeliorum. 
Heidelb., 1820, 4to, 78, 

This contains the author*s collation of 48 
MSS. in the Royal Library of Paris, and a 
minute account ot the Codex Cyprius, a MS. 
of the Evaiu^lists, of which he has for the first 
time given the entire collation. 

779. J. C. PoRBS Comment in Evang. 
sec. Mattthaeum . . . necnon in Evang. 
sec. Marcum, Lucam, et Joannem. 
Mechl., 1823, 12mo, 6«. 

780. Quatuor N. T. Evangelia, recen- 

suit et cum Comment, perpetuis edidit 

Car. Fred. Aug. Fritschb. Lipsiee, 

1825-30, 8vo, vols. 1, 2. 

An excellent grammatical commentary. 
Fritsche's interpretations are of the German 
neologian school. 

781. F. F. Flbck de Regno Divino 
Liber exegeticus historicus, Quatuor 



331. 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



Evangelistanmi Doctrinam complectens. 
lips., 1829, 8vo^ lOs. 

782. J. A. RoTTERMUNDT Synopsis 
Quatuor Evangdiorum Grseco-Latina. 
Passav., 1835, 8vo, 7s, 

783. Codex Sangalliensis antiquus IV 
fivangelioruin Canoniconixn, cura — Rot- 
tig. Turici, 1836, 4to, 36s. 

784. Paraphrase on the Four Evange- 
lists, by Samuel Clarkb, D.D., 8vo, 
2 vols , 8s, 

Numerous editions. ' Dr. Clarke's Para- 
phrase deserves an attentive reading ; he nar- 
rates a story in handsome language, and con- 
nects the parts well together ; but ftdls much 
in emphasis, and seems to mistake the order of 
the histories.' — Dr. Doddridge. For the clearer 
understanding of the Sacred History, the text 
and parai^hrase are printed in separate columns, 
with critical notes underneath, on the more 
difficult pages. 

785. Explanatory Notes upon the 
Four Gospels, in a New Method, in two 
Parts ; to which are prefixed Three Dis- 
courses on the Prophecies, by Joseph 
Trapp, D.D. Lond., 1747:8, 8vo, 6*. 

The new method pursued in this work is the 
noticinpr and explaining only of difficult pas- 
sa^ in the Evangelists. Orroe observes, 
* 1 be author frequently corrects the transla- 
tion, endeavours to remove apparent contradic- 
tions, and to clear up obscurities.' The work 
was reprinted in 1775, in 1806, &c, 6*. each. 

785 a. Paraphrase of the Gospels of 

St. Luke ana St. John, by Thomas 

Spooner, of Chesham. London, 1759* 

8vo, 4s, 

This author likewise published (1.) A Para- 
phrase of the Acts of the Apostles and the Epis- 
tles to the Romans and Corinthians, bv Thomas 
Spooner. London, 1 760, 8vo, 6s. ( Jy A Para- 
phrase of the Epistles to Galatians, Ephesians, 
Philippians, Coiossians, Thessaloniens^ Timo- 
thy, Titus, Philemon and Hebrews, by Thomas 
Spooner. London, 1756, 8vo, 4s. 

786. Divers Parts of the Holy Scrip- 
tures done into Enghsh, chiefly from 
Dr. J. Milles* Printed Greek Copy, with 
Notes and Maps by [Mortimbr.J Lon- 
don, 1761, 12mo, 3s, 6d. 

This contains the Four Gospels and Acts. 

787. Observations on the Four Gos- 
pels, by Henry Owbn, D.D. London, 
1764, 8vo, 2^. 6rf. 

Tending chiefly to ascertain the times of their 
publication, and to illustrate the form and 
manner of their composition. ( 1 . ) The Modes 
of Quotation used by the Evangelical Writers, 
explained and vindicated by the Rev. Dr. 
Henry Owln. London, 17^, 4to, 65. An 
elaborate work. 



788. Commentary, with Notes, 00 tin 
Four Evangelists and the Acto of the 
Apostles, together with a New Transla- 
tion of St. Paul's First Epist. to the Coiin- 
thians, with a Paraphrase and Notes ; to 
which are added other Theological Pieces, 
by Zach. Pearce, Bp. of Rochester: 
also, a Life of the Bishop by the Rev. 
John Derby, and a Portrait. Loiidoo, 
1772, 4to, 2 vols., 25*. 

An invaluable commentary, aocoitfing to 
Dr. A. Clarke. ' The deep learning and jadir- 
ment displayed in the notes are raiUy beyool 
all praise.* The work, says Orme, * cootiiiv 
many useful observations on the style and seob- 
ments of the inspired writers, llie notei ire 

Generally short, and, though oocasioDally iqji- 
icious, throw considerable light on thetexL* 
It is likewise recommended by Bps. Van Mil- 
dert and Lloyd. 

789. Truth of the Gospel History 
shewed, in three Books, by iames Mac- 
KNiouT, D.D. London, 1763, 4to, l5f. 

This work is admitted bv the betttpadf»to 
be a performance as useful and instructive ai 
any we have on that important subject See 
col. 73, no. 19. 

790. The Four Gospels transL from 
the Greek, with prelim. Dissertatioiis 
and Notes, by George Campbell, D.D. 

London, 1789> 4to, 2 vols., 2ls. 

The extensive circulatbn of this valuabb 
work sufficiently attests the esteem in whidi ii 
is held. The following is the plan of tkuB wok. 
The distinction of chapters and venes uf- 
tained in the margin — me new diviaba is ■!• 
sections and paragraphs— the elliptical wordi 
supplied are included in crotchets, and the aar- 
rative is distinguished from the interiooBtfln 
part by italics. In the side margin psiitta 
passages are likewise added, at the foot of dv 
pages are the short explanations, and at the 
end are the mites. (I.) Second Edition. Aber- 
deen, 1803-4, 8vo, 4 vols., 24f . Two spanws 
editions appc»sred between the second and thiri 
editions, tne errors of one of which are poiotod 
out in the Gentleman's Mag. for May aad 
July, 1815, and in the supplement to tsL 
Ixxxii. (2.) Ihird Edition, Abeidaen, 18K 
8vo, 4 vols., 36s. This edition contains the 
author's last additions and corrections, aod may 
be justly termed the standard edition. (3w)lic« 
Edition. London, 1834, Svo, 2 vols., pubLitf 
20s. 

791. Dissonance of the Four gene- 
rally received Evanoelists, and the Eri- 
dence of their Authenticity ezamiiisd» 
by Edward Evanson. London, 1793» 

8vo, As, 6d, 

Evanson has been described as 'a most de- 
termined opponent of revealed rehfioo la 
modem times.' (1.) Certain Principlesia 
Evanson's Dissonance of the Four Evaogek^r 
&c. examined, by Tbomas Faixjokmi. l^^ 
don, 1811. 8vo, 61. (2.) Letter to Dr. Pm*- 
ley 8 Voung Man ; with a Postscript eooesn* 



»3 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



234 



dR Um, Dr. Simpwrn't ^way. &c in 
to £raDioa*t Diwonance and Voloey^i 
by Edward Evanson. London, 1794, 
8fe,2i. 

793. Difsertatioii on the First Hiree 
Go^wls, by Herb. Mabsb, Bp. of Peter- 



Sae ooL 6B, no. 28. 

793. Tracts on the Gospels, by the 

Rev. C. DcNSTBR. London, 1804, &c. 

Sto» 7». 6d. 

Thoe tracts are— 1, A Letter to the Bp. of 
Loadoo, niggesbng a fiutfaer Consideration of 
t Panage in St Matthew. London, 1804, 
9to ; t^ Three Letters to a Friend, containing 
Daeonory Observations on the Gospel of St. 
Ub. Loodoo, 1805, 8to ; 3, Cooaiderations 
OQ the sqpposed Evidence of the early Fathers 
ttet St Mfttthew*8 Gospel was the nrst writ- 
(en. London, 1806, 8vo ; 4, Considerations on 
tk» HTpotheais that St Lake's Gospel was the 
Snt written. London, 1806, 8vo ; 5. Points at 
ime between the Editor of Dr, Townsoo's 
Works, and the Author of Discnrsory Consi- 
<lmtioa8on St Lake's GositeL London, 1811, 
^. Esnjs on the order in which the Four 
^voipek were written, by R. C. and G. G.. 
•Ppcared in the Bhtvh Cntic, zl, 28&^, and 

794. Annotations on the Four Gospels 
and the Acts of the Apostles, compiled 
aod abridgoi for the use of Stuaents 
P7 the Rev. Mr. Elslby]. Second 
wioD. Lond.. 1812, 8yo, 3vols.,18». 

These annotations are selected and abndged 
*idi grett judgment from the larger works of 
^ WQst ap pt a t ed commentators. The work 
a eomniended by Bp. Lloyd, Bp. Van Mil- 
dert. Bp. Sonimer. the Rev. E Bickersteth and 
**bn. The best ed^on appeared in London, 
ltM,8vo,3voU.,24s. Ttw 7th edition ^>- 
PcwW ia 1838, 8vo, 2 vols., pubL at 21f . Pre- 
ssed Is the wi»rk » an introduction of conai- 
denUe leafth, containing some account of the 
**tlwn who have wrritten on the geography 
■id Uttory of Palestine, of the state of the 
Gfitk tot of the New Testament, and of the 
^ critical ediboos of it, and various other 



795. Exposition of the Historical 
Vritinp of the New Testament, with 
IKciectioDs sabjoined to each Section, by 
Timochy Kbmiiick, with Memoirs of 
tbe Author. Lond., 1807, roy. 8vo, 3 
»ols.,21t. 

'Tbe cbaracter of the work is great plain- 
ot*; the corrections and comments are m the 
t^ ityle of cnticism.'~Monthly Review. 

796. lUttstrations of the Four Gospels, 
by John JoNBS. London, 1808, 8vo, 

Thjwwrk of an Unitarian. Orme observes 
*•«• ■*•«*« * ^M frequently admire the in- 
«<Bi^ which it dispbys, and regret that so 
■lAtifeBtaadleamiAg are so iU directed.' 



797. The Four Gospds and Acts of 
the Apostles, with Annotations and Re- 
flections, by Tho. STA.BBACK, also a 
Map. Falmouth, 1809> 8yo, 2 Y(Aa,, 9s, 

The annotations are critical, explanatory, 
and practical, selected from the most able com* 
mentators. 

798. The Veracity of the Evanffdists 
Demonstrated by a comparative '^^ew of 
their Histories, by the Rev. Robert 
Narbs, A.m. London, 1816, 8vo, 6s. 

An accurate and well written production, 
not undeserving of consultation. ( 1 . ) Second 
Edition. London, 1818, 8vo, 7f. 

799. The Spirit of the Gospel, or the 
Four Evangelists elucidated by ezplan. 
Observations, histor. References, and 
miscell. Illustrations, by the Rev. W. S. 
GiLLY. London, 1818, 8vo, 6s, 

800. Annotations on the Historical 
Books of the New Testament, by M. 
Bland, D.D. Camb., 1828-9, 8vo,vols. 
1 and 2, publ. at 22s. 6d, 

These annotations on St Matthew and St 
Mark, drawn partly frx>m the fiithers and early 
ecclesiastical writers, but principally from early 
English divines, are designed for the use of 
students at the universities, and candidates for 
holy orders. 

801. The Veracity of the Gospels and 
Acts of the Apostles, by the R!ev. J. J. 
Blunt, B.D. 

See col. 80, no. 11. 

802. Short Notes on the Four Gospels, 
selected from the Best Divines of^ the 
Church of England. Oxford, 1829, 
12mo, 3s. 

803. Exposition of the Four Gospels, 
by John Bird Sumnbr, Bp. of Chester. 
Ix)ndon, 1831, &c. 

In the form of Lectures, intended to assist the 
practioe of domestic instruction and devotion. 
They are very popuUr and differ frtmi those of 
fip. Porteus both as beinflr more brief, familiar, 
and studiously plain, and as being also more 
richly evangeliod. (1.) St Matthew and St 
Mark. 8vo, 1 vol. : or 12mo, 2 vols., publ. at 
9s, each edition. (2.) St Luke. 8vo, 1 vol.: 
or 12mo, 2 vols., publ. at 9s each edition. (3.) 
St. John. 8vo, 1 vol. ; or l2mo, 2 vols., publ. 
at S^. each edition. 

804. Exposition of the Gospels of St. 
Matthew and St. Mark, and of some 
other parts of Holy Scripture, by the 
Rev. Rich. Watson. London, 1833, 
roy. 8vo, publ. at I8s. 

An original and learned work. 

805. Die E\'angelieD des Matthaus, 
Markus, und Lukas in Ueber^instim- 
mung Gebracht und Erklart, von Dr. E. 
Glockbr. Frankf., 1834, 8vo, 7s. 



235 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



S36 



806. G>nver8ational Exercises on the 

Gospels. London, 1834, ISmo, 2 vols., 

publ. at 5s, 

lliis valaablelittle book may be justly called a 
Bible-clais manual, from the study of which 
intelligent young persons may derive fl^eat ad- 
vantage. The execution is highly creditable to 
the research and judgment of the writer. 

807. Key to the Critical Reading of 
the Four Gospels, consisting chiefly of 
Bibliod Gleanings, b^ the Rev. John 
Wilson, A.M., of Irvme 8vo. 4*. 

Well calculated 'for the use of students in 
divinity.' 

808. Notes on the Gospels, principally 
designed for the use of Sunaay School 
Teachers and Bible Classes, by the Rev. 
Albert Barnbs. 18mo, 2 voLs.^ 48, 

Condensed from the American Edition, and 
publislied by the Relig. Tract Society. 

810. Plain Remarks on the Four Gos- 

pels» by the Rev. James Sla db. 1 2mo, 

3s, 6d, 

For the benefit of uninstnicted persons, and 
adapted to the use of schools and families/ 

811. The Four Gospels arranged in a 
series of Tabular Parallels. London, 
1836, roy. 8vo, publ. at 7s, 6d. 

In the present arrangement when two or 
more evan^iists si>eak on the same subject- 
matter, their individuRl testimonies on that 
matter are always completed in the same page. 
Also, where similar discourses took place at 
different periods, they are placed in juxta- 
I>osition as well as in context ; but with indica- 
tions which prevent the narrative from being 
disturbed. 

812. New Version of the Four Gos- 
pels, with Critical and Explan. Notes, 
oy a Catholic. 8vo, publ. at lOs. 6d. 

813. Exposition of the Four Gospels, 
hy Uie Rev. Thomas Adam, of Wintring- 
ham, with a Memoir of the Author, by 
the Rev. A. Wbstoby. London, 1837, 
8vo, 2 vols., pubL at 2U. 

A practical commentary displaying 'preg- 
nant briefiieas of remark and deep acquaintance 
with experimental religion.' The notes on 
Matthew were previously published. See post, 
no. 834. 

814. Les Evangiles. Paris., 1837, 
imper. 8vo, publ. at 24s, 

A magnificent edition illustrated by T. Fra- 
gonard, and printed with borders round each 
page, in the style of the mss. of the 15th century. 

8 1 5. Young Christianas Sundav Even- 
ing: Second Series, on the Four Gospels, 
by Mrs. Parry. London, 1838, 12mo, 

publ. at 9^. M, 

Valuable 'conversations on Scripture His- 
tory.* 



816. Ladioa* School Astistant, or 
Mother's Guide to the Four Gospels. 
London, 1838, 12mo, 5s, 

An explanation of each chapter, according 
to the verses, with occasional practical htnto. 

817. Notes on the Four Gospels and 
Acts of the Apostles. London, 1838, 
fsc. 8vo, pubL at I6s. 

818. Christian Visitor: on the Four 
Gospels, by the Rev. W. Jowbtt. 
London, 1838, fsc. 8vo, 3$, 64. 

An excellent little vohime. 

"*«* The Rev. K. bickenteth also lefers Is 
Augustine, Bede, Gregory, Jerome; and ta 
Brentius, Scultetus. 

819. Matthew. — Athanasii Fra^- 
menta Coounent. in Evang. Matth«, 
Gr. et. Lat. 

In the second voL of the ' Nora Colledio 
Patnun.' 

n.) £us. HiEBONYMi Stridon. Commealiht 
in Mattheum. In his works. 

820. Roh. GuALTHBRi Homilic in 
Evang. J. C. secundum Matthaum- 
Tiguri, 1590, fol., I5s, 

* The writings of Gualther, which cAmmJ kA 
of homilies or sermons, procured him grat 
fame both at home and abroad, and were knt; 
regarded as standard books among the Protes- 
tant Churches.'— ChalmeiB. 

821. Mart. Luthbri Annot. io ali« 
quot Cap. Matthtei. Vitemb, 1536, 
rimo, 3s, 

Luther also published ' Enarratiooes' m 
Matthew. 

822. Wolf. MuscuLi in Matttuenm 
Commentarii. Basil., 1548, foL, 12s. 

' Quibus non solum singula (me<|ue ezpeo- 
duntur, sed et ^uid singulis Marci et Laem 
differentibus locis notandum sit, diHgenier cx> 
penditur.' Musculus on Matthew was fre- 
quently reprinted. 

823. Catholicke and Ecdes. Exposi- 
tion of the Gospell after St. Mattheve, 
tranaL out of the Latin of Aug. Mai^ 
LORATB, by Thomas Tymmb. London, 
1570, fol., \5s, 

824. Dav. Parbi in S. Matdun 
Evang. Commentarius ; cui aubjungitur 
in duas S. Petri Epistolas, necnoo in 
alios Scripturae Libros Conunentaria^ 
Oxon., 1631, 4to. 

825. Gottf. Olbarii Observ. ad 
Evang. Matthsei. lips., 1743, 4to,5/. 

This commentary is praised by Profetfor 
Carpzov. 

826. C. T. KuiNOBL Comment in. 
Evang. Matthsei. Laps., 1823, 8vo, Sf- 

See col. 230, no. 774. 



237 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



938 



827. J. C. PoRBs Comment, in Evang. 
•ec. Mattlueum. 

See 001.230, 110.779. 

828. Ezpoflition upon Matthew, by 

Wm. Ttndalk. 
In his works. 

829. Brief Exposition of St. Matthew, 
by David Dickson. London, 1647» 
12mo, 6s. 

'Short, but KosibleaDdevanflrelicaL' — Bick- 
cnteth. n.) London, 1661, 12mo, 7j. 6d. 
See coL 157, DO. 280. 

830. New Version of St. Matthew's 
Gospel, with select Notes, by Daniel 
Scott, J .U. D. London, 1741, 4 to, 8«. 

A TihiAble work. It contains also a review 
e( Dr. Mill's notes on St Matthew, in which 
Dr.Soott corrects his errors, and supplies his 



831. New Version of the Gospel ac- 
cotding ts St Matthew; with a literal 
CommeDtaryon all the difficult Passages: 
to which is prefixed, an Introduction to 
the Reading of the Holy Scriptures, in- 
tended chiefly for Young Students in 
Dirimty ; written originidly in French, 
by Mess. Db Bbausobrk and Lbn* 
FAHT. 8to. 8#. ; 12mo, 6*. 

Nuierous editions. 

832. New Translation of the Gospel of 
SamtMatthew, with Notes critical, philo- 
logical and explanatory, by Gilb. Wakb- 
niLD,B.A. Warrington, 1782, 4to, 5s. 

8«eoL218,no.706. 

833. Lectures on the Gospel of St. 
Mitthew, 1798- IdOl, bv Beilby Pob- 
Tius, Bishop of Lonoon. London, 
1802. 8vo, 2 vols., 10*. 

Thoedticoarses, says Onne, ' are not strictly 
Jpoatory, nor do they enter very deeply into 
°» doctrinsl part of Christianity. They dis- 
cover t very amiable temper of mind, and a 
ij^oog dewe to do grood, and on many topics 
{22* tp.be consulted.' A writer in the 
w» Critic observes they * are calculated 
1^ to do food to the learned and unlearned, 
*"* •ged u well as the inexperienced, the 
jwre tnd the reflecting, the ray and the 
'r'^fhtlesB.* They have been frequently re- 
I^f^ (1.) An Edition. 8vo, in 1 vol., 6«. 
L 5^)|«nnoii« extracted from the Lectures of 
rP»"orteo8, by Thomas Baker, M.A. Lond., 
W7, 8to. 3». Bp. Porteus* lectures are * prac- 
w»lttti popular.'— Bickersteth. 

I ^» Exposition of St. Matthew, with 
*««J>te Lectures andPrayers, by Thomas 
•^AM, Rector of Wintringham. Lond. 
»^ Bath, 1805, 12mo, 2 vols. 

A. doctrinal and practical, but not critical, 
jJ»'--Orme. It is * very spirited, evangeli- 
;f*«d practical,* and is « hwhly valuable as 
i*5??'*'*»*^Ttennons.'— Bickersteih. (1.) 
^•Ctem. 8vo. published at di. 



835. Kritisch-histor. Commentar iiber 
das Evang. Matthftus von Al. Gratz. 
Tab., 1821-3, 8vo, 2 vols., 20*. 

836. Explan. Lectures on the Gospel 
of St. Matthew, by the Rev. John Pen- 
RosE, M.A., of C. C. C, Oxford. Lon- 
don, 1832, 12mo, published at 6s. 6d. 

837. Philologisch-theologische Ausle- 
gung der Berffpredigt Christi nach Mat- 
thiius, sugleich ein fieitraff zur BegrQn- 
dung einer rein Biblischen Glaubens 
et Sittenlehre, von A. Tholuck. Hamb., 

1833, 8vo. 

838. Annotations on the Gospel of St. 
Matthew, comprising Answers to Wil- 
sons Questions, &c. Uamb., 1833, 12mo, 
3*. 6d. 

839. The Gospel according to Saint 
Matthew, transl. from the Greek, by the 
Rev. W. J. AiSLABiB, A.M. London, 

1834, ]2mo, 3*. 6d. 

840. On various Parts of the Gospel 
according to St. Matthew. 

(1.) Godlye Sermon preached before the 
Queene upon the I7th, 18th, and 19th Verses 
of the Sixth Chapter of Matthew, wherein is 
contained the Conclusion of a Dialogue be- 
tweene Christ and his Disciplines. London, 
John Windet, 1585, 18mo, 5f. Unknown to 
Ames or Herbert It shews * breefely that 
the authoritie which the Pope of Rome doth 
lawfully challenge to hnnselfe is unlawfully 
usurped.' 

(2.) Christ's Farewell to Jerusalem and 
Last Prophesie, by I'homas Wilson. London, 
1614, 8vo, 4f. 6d. 

(3.) Christ's Combate and Conquest: an 
Exposition of Matthew iv, 1-11, by Thomas 
Taylor. London, 1618, 4to, 5f. 

(4^ Exposition and Sermons upcn the First 
Ten Chanters of St Matthew, by Christ Black- 
wooo. London, 1659, 4to. 15f. 

(5.) Four Books on the llth Chapter of 
Matthew, by Jer. Bubrouohes. London, 1659, 
4to, 20f . 

(6.) Discourses on Christ's Sermon on the 
Mount, with other Discourses, by Tho. Wat- 
son, [a Nonconformist]. London, 1660, 4to, 10^ 
i7.) Practical Discourses upon the Beatl- 
es, by John Korris, of Bemerton. 8vo, 
4 vols, in 2, 16f. ' Norris is a fine writer for 
style and thought, and commonly just.' — Dr. 
Waterland. 

(8.) Sermons on the Fifth of St Matthew, 
by Ant Horneck, D.D., with a Memoir, by 
Bp. KinniR, and Portrait London, 1706, 8vo. 
2 vols., 7i. ' There is a great vein of piety ana 
devotion which runs through them ; they savour 
of the primitive simplicity and xeal, and ara 
well fitted to make men better.' — Bp. Kidder. 
A third edition appeared in 1717, 8vo, 2 vols., 
7s. 

(9.) Practical Discourses on Our Saviour's 
Sermon on the Mount, by Offspring Black all. 



»39 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



no 



Bp. of Exeter, with Portrait London, 1717, 
8vo, 8 voU., 21s. Dr. WaterUnd recommends 
these sermons as models for an easy, natural, 
and famiUar way of writing. 

( 10.) Vindication of the former Part of St. 
MatUlew's Gospel from Mr. Whiston's Charge 
of Dislocation, by the Rev. Jeremiah Joves. 
Lond., 1719, 8vo, 4i. A valuable examination 
of Whiston's h^rpothesis. reprinted at the Cla- 
rendon Press, m Oxford, in 1803. 

(11.) Our Saviour's Divine Sermon on the 
Mount ex]dained, and the practice of it recom- 
mended in diverse Sermons and Discourses ; to 
which is prefixed, a Paraphrase on the whole 
Sermon on the Mount, by James Blair, MA. 
London, 1722, 8vo, 5 vols., 35«. ' His com- 
mentary on Matth. v-viii, is the best extant. . . 
He has an excellent way of bringing down cri- 
ticisms to oommon capacities, and ne has dis- 
covered a vast knowledge of Scripture in the 
application of them.'~Dr. Doddridge. ( .) An 
Edition, with a recomm. Prefoce, by Dan. 
Watbrland^ D J). London, 1740, 8vo, 4 vols., 
42s. A repnnt of Blair ' would be advantage- 
ous.' — Bickersteth. 

( 12.) Free Inquiry into the Authenticity of 
the 1st and 2d Chapters of St. Matthew's Gos- 
pel [by John Williams, LL.D.]. Lond., 1771, 
8vo, 2s.6(<. An attack on Matthew, of which 
the editors of the Unitarian version have gree- 
dily laid hold. An able examination of the 
Inquiry will be found in the 2d volume of 
Magee on the Atonement. (13.) The A uthen- 
ticity of the 1st and 2d Chapters of St Mat- 
thew's Gospel vindicated. London, 1771, 8vo. 
(14.) Free I'houghts upon ' A Free Inquiry,' 
&c, with a Prefat Defence of the Purity and 
Integrity of the N. T. Canon. Lond., 1771, 
8vo. 

(15.) Sermons sur le Disoours de N. S. 
J^sus Christ sur la Montague, par M.J. Soip. 
Vbrnrdb. Amst, 1779^ 8vo, 4 vols., 1&. 
Vemede's Sermons contain many useful and 
pious observations. They are recommended in 
Cobbin's French Preacher as containing an ac- 
curate description of the extent, the oeauty, 
and sublimity of evangelical morals, and the 
force of the motives by which they are pro- 
duced. 

(16.) Nine Discourses on the Beatitudes, 
by VVm. SMrni, Dean of Chester. London, 
1782, 8vo, 5s. The author was the elegant 
translator of Longinus, Thucydides, and Xeno- 
pbon. 

(17.) Morning Thoughts on Single Verses 
in the successive Chapters of the Gospel of St 
Matthew, by J. W. Cunningbam, AlJl., of 
Harrow. 

(18.) Lectures on our Lord's Sermon on 
the Mount, by James Brewbtrr, Minister at 
Craig. Edinb^ 1809,8vo. Hi^y praised in 
the Christian Examiner for 1809. Keprinted 
1810, ]2mo. 

(19.) Expos, and Practical Lectures (45 in 
number) on our Lord's Sermon on the Mount, 
by the Rev. E. Good. London, 1829, 8vo. 

(20.) Family Commentary upon the Sermon 
on the Mount, by Henry Thornton, £sq.,M J^. 
London, 183~, 8vo, pubL at 5s. 

(21.) Tholuck's Exposition, Doctrinal and 
Philological, of Cbrift's Sermon on the Mount, 
according to the Gospel of St Matthew : in- 



tended likewise as a Help towaids the Fwbs- 
tion of a pure system of Faith and Monk, 
trans), from the Original, by the Rev. R 
MsNziES, 2 vols. A portion of the Biblieil 
Cabinet 

*«* The Rev. E. Bickeistetii also refen to 
Origen, Ambrose, Bernard; and to Mdsac- 
thon, (Ecolampadius. 

See col. 228, &c no. 767, 800, 803. 804. 

841. Mark. — Eus. Hibronymi Stri- 
don. Commentarii in Marcom. 

In the ninth vol. of his woiks. 

841 a. Rod. Gualthkri in Eraiif^. 
sec. Marcum Homili» cxzziz. Hetdelb., 
1608, foL, 15f. 

842. S.MarciEvangeliamNotisGraiii- 
matico-historico-criticis Geo. Frid.HBi7- 
PBLii illustratum. Aramit., 1716, Sm 

This, in the opinion of Carpsov, k aa ei- 
cellent commentary. 

843. C. T. KuiNOBL Comment in 

Evan^. Marci et Luce. Lips., 1824. Sm 

9#. 
See col. 230, no. 774. 

844. Cateclu8t*8 Manual and Familj 
Lecturer, by Samuel Hinds, D.O 
Oxford, 1829, 8yo, pubL at 10*. 6dL 

'Learned, pious, and practical.' —BickerBlech. 
It is ' an arrangement and explanation of St 
Mark's gospel, for purposes of missioury tad 
domestic instruction.' 

*«« Tlie Rev. E. Bickersteth also refcn u 
Chrysostom, Cyril; and to Gualter. 

See col. 234, no. 803, &c. 

845. Luke. — Athanasii Fragmenti 
Comment, in Evang. Luae, Gr. et lA 

In the second voL of the Nova CoUetsi* 
Patrum. 

(1.) Tin, Bostrorum Episc, Expoatio in 
Lucam. In the second vol. of the BibL W 
terum Patrum. 

(2.) Ambrosh, Episc MedioL, ia Lsec 
Evang. CommentariL In his works. 

847. Rod. GuALTHBRi inETtngdinin 
Christi sec. Lucam HomiliK edxr* 
Tiguri, 1570, fol. 

848. Scholia in Lucas EvangeliwD. 
scripsit Frid. Aug. Bornbmann, arces- 
serunt Curse secundss ad Actorum Cip. 
xix, sqq., et de Glossematis N.T. caute 
dijudicandis Dissertatio. Lips., 1S30» 
8vo, 6*. 

These annotations are strictly philolofied, 
and illustrate numerous passages which pr^ 
ceding commentators had passed by.— Rer. T» 
H. Hume. 

849. Sam. Frid. Nath. Mori Pwlec* 
tiones in Lucae Evangelium, edidit C« 
A. Donat. Lips., 1795, 8vo, 6#. 

See col. 210, no. 672. 



J 



241 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



242 



850. The Gospel of St. Luke, with 
EDfflbh notes, by the Rev. J. R. Major, 
A.M., London, 1826, 8vo, publ. at 12*. 

Tile notes have been compiled prrincipally 
with a ?iew to the divinity examination in the 
Vniveraity of Cambridspe. 

(1.) The Gospel of ^t. Lukb, with an Inter- 
meary Translation. 8vo» publ. at 4i. 6d, 

851. Ueber die Schriften des Lukas, 
einkhtik. Versucb von F. Schleibr- 
MACHiR. Berlin, 1817, 8vo, 6s, 

Dr. Sdileiennacher adopts the theory of Prof. 
£iehfaoro respecting the Gospels that they are 
ompdttioiis from anterior oocuments. It is 
one of the most considerable of all in the class 
of Gennan neologism. (1.) Critical Essay on 
theGospelof SLLnke, by Dr. Fred. Schleier. 
lucHEB, with an Introduction by the Trans- 
lator [Connop Thirlwall, M.A.J containing 
ao aoeoant of the Controversy respectin|r the 
Orifrin of the three first Gospels since Bishop 
Itftfsh'sDiBertatkm. London, 1825, 8vo, 12«. 
* A Tolaine which surpasses most original works 
in tbility and learning'.' — Edinb. Review. ITie 
■tntbction by the translator is truly valuable, 
in it he analyzes a variety of extended and 
kborious works, states his own views of the 
works, and his own valuable objections to many 
of the arguments they contain. 

8S3. Qnestions on the Gospel of St. 
Loke,byR. Wilson. Camb.,l830,12mo, 

853. On various Parts of the Gospel 
accordmg to Sl Luke. 

(1.) The Parable of the Wicked Mammon 
wen out of the l^.Chapter of Luke, with 
jn Exposition thereon, by Wm. Tyndale. 
In hig works. Sevc^ editions were published 
■Witely in the 16th century. Tyndale's Pa- 
'w was the &vouHte book of Anne Bole^, 
tnd is said to have been the means of inducing 
HcBry VllI to listen to the tenets of the 



(1) The Sermon which Christ made on the 
wiy to Emaus to those two sorrowful Disciples, 
Kt down b a Dialogue by D. Urbane Regius. 
L»dao. 1578, 4to. Wherein he hath gathered 
■Bd expounded the chief prophecies of the 
9* T. concerning Christ ( .) An Edition. 
L«don, 1612. 4to. 

(3.) A Phiios. Commentary on Luke xv, 23, 
^'•nsL from the Frencli of Peter Bayle. Lon- 
^ 1768. 8vo. 2 vols. 

Sec eoL 234, no. 803. 

*•* The Rev. £. Bickersleth also refers to 
Ambrose, Origen. 

854. John. — D. Aur. Auoustini, 
Kpisc Hif^n., Ezpositio in Jobannis 
BvsB|eliYnn. 

la ha weeks. 

855. NoNNi Panopolitse Metaphrasis 
Eviur. Joannei, recensuit, Lectionum- 
<iw Varietate instnuit Franc. Passo- 
^1(78; accessit Evangelium Joannis. 
Up«e, 1833, 8vo. 



Best edition. Nonnus of Panopolis flou- 
rished in the early part of the 15th century, 
n.) Dan. Heinsu Aristrachus Sacer, sive ad 
Nonni in Johannem Metaphrasin Exercita- 
tiones. Lug. Bat., 1627, 8vo, 7i. 6d, See col. 
205, no. 644. 

856. Oriobnis in Evang. Joannis 
Commentarionim Libri. Berol., 1831, 
12mo, 3 vols., 12«. 

857. Wolfg. MuscuLi Comment, in 
Eyang. Joannis. Basil., 1545, fol., 15*. 

Reprinted BasU., 1554, foU 

858. Catbolike and Ecclesiasticall Ex- 
position of the Gospel after St. John, 
transl. out of the Latin of Aug. Mar- 
LORATB into English, by Thomas Tim- 
M£. London, 1575, fol., ISs. 

859. Nic. Hbmminoii Commentaria 
in Evang. sec. Joannem. Basil., 1591, 
fol., 2 vols, in 1, 7s. 6d. 

860. Rob. RoLLOci Comm. in Joan- 
nis Evangelium, ima cum Harmonia ex 
quatuor Evan^Ustis in Mortem, Resurr., 
et Ascens. Dei. Genevae, 1599, 8vo. 

Several times reprinted about 1600. 

861. Pauli Tarnovii in S. Jobannis 
Evangelium Commentarius. Rostocbii, 
1629, 4to. 

' Ibis Professor's work on John is not so ela- 
borate as that of Lampe, but searoely less 
valuable.' — Orme. 

862. Fred. Adolpb. Lamps Commen- 
tarius Analytico-exegeticus, tam literalis 
quam realis, Evangelii sec. Johannem. 
Amst., 1724-6, 4to, 3 vols., 36s. 

'A very full and extended exposition, trulv 
evangelical and spiritual.'— Bickersteth. W alch 
justly pronounces it an excellent work, full of 
extensive and varied erudition, and deserving 
of the first place among the expositors of John. 
Learned prolegomena are prefixed to it, in 
which every thm^ relating to the life and writ- 
ings of J ohn is diligently collected. According 
to Dr. Burton the work ' deserves to be read 
with great attention, though I cannot but look 
upon many of the conclusions as erroneous.' 
a.) Editio altera. BasU., 1726-7, 4to, 3 vols.. 
36s. (2.) Fred. Adolph. Lampe Dissertatio- 
num philologico-theoiogicarum, turn earum 
qus ad ult^iorum Evangelii Johannis illustra- 
tionem pertinent, tum reUquarum varii generis 
et eruditionis multifariss, Syntagma, cum Dan. 
Gerdfsii prsfatione. Amst., 1737, 4to. 2 vols. 
16«. These dissertations, replete with solid 
erudition, are necessary to complete the work 
on John. 

863. Initium Evangelii S. Joannis ex 
Antiq. Eccles. restitutum, indidemque 
nova Katione illustr. per L. M. Artemo- 
nium [i. e. Sam. Crsllium. Amst.], 
1726, 8vo, 7s. 6d. 

864. Paraphra6is Evang. Johannis, 

R 



343 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



244 



cum Notis et Cantab. Codicis Latino 

Textu^ a Jo. Sal. Semlero. Hals, 

1771-2, am. 8vo, 2 vols., 7«. 

At the end is the old l.atin version of St. 
John from the Codex Cantab. See col. 210, 
no. 668. 

865. S. F. N. Mori Recitationes in 
Evang. Joannis, Animadv. subjecit Tho. 
Imm. DiNDORP. Prara, 1795, 8vo, 5s. 

Reprinted in 1808, and in 1821. See col. 
210, no. 668. 

866. D. Car. Chr. Tittmanni Me- 
letemata Sacra, sive Coinmentariue £xe- 
getico-critico-dogniaticus in Evang. Jo- 
annis. Lipsise, 1816, 8vo, 12«. 

A very elaborate work commended by Bp. 
Blomfield. 

867. Car. Got. Bretschneideb Pro- 
babilia de Evangelii et Epistolarum 
Joannis Apostoli Indole et Origine. 
Lipsis, 1820, 8vo, As. 6d. 

In this the author attempts to prove that the 
writing of St. John were the work of a Gentile 
Christian, in the beginning of the second cen- 
tury, who passed himself tor the Apostle. Bret- 
schoeider's Probabilia caused considerable con- 
troversy. 

868. C. T. Kuinobl Comment, in 
Evang. Joannis. Lips., 1825, 8vo, 9s. 

See col. 210, no. 669, and col. 290, no. 774. 

869' Exposition of the Gospel of John, 
bv George Hutch bson, Min. of the 
Giospel at Edinburgh, with a Preface, by 
Edm. Calamy, D.D. London, 1657> 
fol., 9s. 

' An excellent doctrinal and practical work.' 
— Orme. It is, says the Rev. E. Bickersteth, 
* very full in drawing out the various practical 
lessons of every verse.' 

870. Die Schriften Johannis fibers, 
und Erklurt von Sam. Gli. Lanoe. 
Weimar, 1795-7, 8vo, 3 vols., 15*. 

871 * Notes critical and dissertatory on 
the Gospel and Epistles of St. John, by 
the Rev. Richard Shepherd, D.D. 
London,a802, 4to. 

This volume was not published till the year 
1801. An analysis of it appeared in the 
Monthly Review, n.s., xxxviii, 145-50. 

872. Der Bericht des Johannes von 
Jesu dem Messia, Uebersetzt und mit 
Anmerkungen begleitet von Job. Adrian 
BoLTBN. Altona, 18 , 8vo. 

Bolton is of opinion that the Gospel of St 
John was origrinally composed in the Syriac 
language. 

873. Lectures on the Gospel accord- 
ing to St. John, by C. A. Moysey, D.D. 
Oxford, 1821, 8yo, 4s. 



874. Five Lectures on the Gospel of 

St. John, as bearing Testimony to the 

Divinity of Jesus Christ, by C. J. 

Blomfield, Bp. of London. London, 

1823, 12mo, 3s, 

Several editions. These lectures are to be 
considered ' as a fiuniliar elucidation of diat 
particular branch of the demonsuvtioa^ wfaicli 
consists in the testimony of the beloved d^ple.' 
See post, no. 911. 

875. Commentar fiber die Schriften 
des Evang. Johannes, von F. Luckx. 
Bonn, 1833, 8vo, 4 vols., 36^. 

876. Kritisch Exegetbches Handboch 
fiber das Evangelium des Johannes, von 
H. A. W. Meyer. G5tt., 1834, 8to, 
5s. 

877. Family Readings from the Gos- 
pel of St. John, by the Rev. James 
Slads, M.A. London, 183 , 12ido, 
publ. at 5s. 6d. 

878. On various Parts of the Gospel 

according to St. John. 

(1.) Cvni Lectures on the ivth of John, by 
Arthur HiLDERSH AM. London, 1632, kA., 12*. 
• Very spiritual, full, and evangelical.* — Bicker- 
stetli. I'hey ' discover the author to be a ioand 
divine, an admirable teztuary, a proibuDdlT 
ezperiencedChristian,and an excellent teacfaer.' 
— Dr. E Williams. ( .) An Edition. London, 
1647, fol.. 12<. Another. London. 1656. ioL, 
12f. Others were previously publ. in 1606, 
fol.; and in 1629, folio. 

(2.) On the 17lh of St John, or cxlv Eiao- 
sitory Sermons on Christ^s Pra\er before ini 
Passion, by Anth. Bvroess. London, 1656, M., 
lOx. Burgess's Sermons are, according to Dr. 
Williams, full of sound doc^ne, methodically 
arranged, and closely applied, in very plain 
language. 

(4.) On John xvii, by Thomas Mavtw, 
D. U. In his works. M anton on John xvii is, 
says Dr. Williams, a sound and elaborate work, 
and to those who can improve excellent thoagto, 
abstracted from the modiam mode of composi- 
tion, a rich treasure. 

(5.) Paraphrase and Notes upon the fint 
ei^t chapters of the Gospel of St. John, by 
William Claoeti. London, 1693, 8vo. At 
the end of a volume of Serrooiu. 

(6.) Annotations, Critical and Grammatica], 
on the Gospel acoordinf; to John (chap, i tii). 
by James Merrick. Reading, 1764<7, 8vo. 
4<. 6d. This work abounds with ciasacil 
illustrations, and was designed for the mft of 
young persons as an introduction to the study o^ 
the N. T. 

(7.) Practical Lectures upon the Ten fint 
Chapters of the Gospel of St. .lohn. by tbfe 
Rev. J. R, PriMAN. London, 1822, 8vo, V 
An edition in 1821 containing only six chapters. 

(8.) Contemplations on the last Discour«ft 
of our Saviour with his Disciples, as reoonfed 
by St John, by John Br^wst^r. Loodoa* 
1822, 8vo. 

(9.) The Last Days of our Lord s Ministrr, 



243 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



246 



1 Cottree of Lectures, by the Rev. Walter F^r- 
qvhir tiooK. London. 1832, 8vo. 

( Ift.) The Ftmily of Bethuuiy, or Medita- 
tioa oD the 11th chapter of the Gospel accord- 
inf to Sl John, by A. Benket, transl. from the 
Freneh by the Translator of ' Meditations on 
the History of Hezektah:' with an introd. 
Efiwy, by the Rev. Hngh WnrrE. Second 
editioa. DobUn, 1838; fee 8to, Ss. 

Controversy respecting the Heavenly Wit- 
se»«i, I John, v. 7. See col. 104, no. 64. 

•/ The Rev. E. Bickerateth also refers to 
C^ysortom, Cyril; and to Melancthon, Mus- 
cvns. 

879. Actsofthe Apostles.— Ven. Bedjr 
Retract et Qusest. in Acta Apostolo- 
nun. 

Inhii woriis. 

Steed. 26, no6.7l and 72. 

880. Theophylacti, Archiep. Bul- 
gv., ExplicatioDes in Acta Apostolomm, 
Gr. & Lat Colonic, 1567, fol. 

S«eeol.225, no. 744. 

881. Cassiodori Senatoris Complex- 
Knes in Epistolaa et Acta Apostolomm 
rt .^pocalypsin, e vetustiss. Canon. 
Veron. Membninis erutae. Florent., 1721, 
lime. 

A Tthitble httlc work. (1.) Fditio altera, 
cviS«m.CaANDtEB. London, 1722, 12mo. 

882. (EcuMENii Commentarii in Acta 
Apostoloroin, in omnes Pauli Epistolas 
et in Epistolas Catholicas omnes ; acces- 
•enmt AaBTHRiBy Cappadocise Episc, 
^xplinationes in Apocalypsin, Gr. et 
l«t, cnra F. MoRBLLi. Paris., 1631, 
foL, 2 vols.. 25*. 

T^ says Emesti, is the work to frequently 
jwtodnnder the general name of Scholia, by 
JjJBw, CaroeranuB, Beza, and other writers 
^[jy a^ ; and is to be considered rather as a 
^JopilttMo from different authors by some 
™o^ i> hand, than as the work of one 

883. Commentaries of John Ca lvin 
Jjw the Acts of the Apostles, transL by 
Christ Fkthbb8T0NB. London, 1585. 
*to,12#. 

884. Rod. GuALTBRi Homiliae in 
Acto Apostolomm. Lugd., 1562, foL 

Jlfs Yoiome contains 173 homilies, in the 
•iwawof Dr. E.' Williams, ' sound, methodi- 
«!, and elegant' (1.) An hundred three- 
leomand fiftene Homelyes or Sermons uppon 
«e Actes of the Apostles, written by St 
*-•«. made by lUuhuph Gualtber Tigiirine, 
f» tnnil. out of Latine into our 'lonarue. 
J^»4», 1572, fol. 

885. Henr. Bulling bri in Acta 
Aportokmmi Commentarii. Tiguri, 1 583, 



886. Jo. Hentenii Ennarrationes' 
Vetusliss. Theolog. in Acta quidem 
Apost. et in Onimes Epistolas. Antverp., 
1545, fol., 12*. 

Ibis volume is curious, as beinsr entirely 
composed from the works of the early Fathers 
of the Church. 

887. Jo. Malcolmi Commentarius 
et Analysis in Apostolorom Acta. Me- 
diob., 1615, 4to, 10*. 

A respectable work by a learned and pious 
minister of Perth. It consists of 477 pages, 
and contains an analysis of the different parts ot 
the Acts, with illufttrations of the narrative, and 
practical observations throughout. 

888. Lud. Db DiEU Animadv. in Acta 
Apostoloram. Lugd., 1634, 4to, 5*. 

889. Casp. Stresonis Comment. 
Practicus in Actoriun Apostolomm, per 
Lucam Evangelistam descriptorum. Ca- 
pita. Amst, 1658-9, 4to, in 1 voL 

Highly commended by Walch. (1.) Idem. 
Mafmae, 1717, 4to. 

890. Car. Mariae Db Veil Expli- 
catio Lateralis Actonim Apostolomm. 
Lond., 1684, 8vo. 

Ihw work, says Orme, contains much in- 
struction. It was written after the author 
turned Baptist, and contains his sentiments 
on that subject at considerable length. (J.) 
A Literal Explanation of the Acts of the 
AposUes, by C. M. De Viil, D.D. To 
which is added, a learned Dissertation about 
Baptism for the Dead, by Frid. Spanbemivs, 
Fihus. Lond., 1685, 8vo. This translation 
is by the author himself, and, says Urme, 
* very inferior to the elegance of the Latin 
original.' 

891. Jo. Pbarsonii, Episc. Cestri- 

ensis, Lectiones in Acta Apostolomm. 

Lond., 1688, 4to. 

The ' Annates Paulini et Lectiones in Acta 
Apostolorum' will also be found in the Bishop's 
works. 

892. Phil, k LiMBORCH Comment, in 
Acta Apostolormn et in Epistolas ad 
Romanos et ad Hebrseos. Rotterd., 
1711, folio, 9s. 

Recommended by Buddeus and Walch. 

893. Jo. Gbrhardi, D. Arcularii 
et J. C. Lbnai Comment, in Acta Apos- 
tolomm, cum FrsBfatione J. Fbchtii. 
Hamb., 1713, 4to, 7s. 

894. Jo. Era. Imm. Walchii Dis- 
sertationes in Acta Apostolomm. Jena, 
1756-9, 4to, 3 vols. 

This work contains many valuable philo- 
lo^cal and historical illustrations of the Acts 
of the Apostles. 

895. S. F. N. Mori Versio et Expli- 



247 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



148 



eatio Actuum Apostoliconim, edidit Ani- 
madv. Recentionim suasque adjecit Got. 
Imm. DiNDORF. lips., 1794, 8vo, 2 

vols., 9s, 
See col. 210, no. 672. 

896. Acta Apostolorum Gnece, per- 

petua Annot. iUustrata a Car. Hen. 

Hsii^iCHS. Gotting^, 1809, Svo, 

2 vols. 

This forms a portion of Koppe's edition of 
the N . T. Many of the remarks are neological. 

897. C. T. KuiNOBL G>inment. in 
Acta Apostolorum. Lips., 1827>8vo, 12«. 

See col. 230, no. 774. 

898. Dissertatio de Lacae i^ttwtorla in 
conscribendoActuum Apost. Libro, scrip- 
sit Adr. Com. de Msi jibr. Hag. Com ., 
1827, 8vo. 

899. G. F. RiNCK Lucubratio critica 
in Acta Apost., Epist. Cath. et Paulinas. 
Basil., 1830, 8vo, 7s, 6d. 

900. Paraphrase on the Acts of the 
Apostles, upon all the Epistles of the 
N. T., and upon the Revelations ; with a 
short Preface to each Epistle, &c. by 
Thomas Pyle, M.A. 8vo, 3 vols., \Ss, 

Several editions. Pole's Paraphrase is de- 
sigrned as a continuation to Dr. S. Clarke's 
work on the Gospels. Clarke and Pyle are, 
says Onne, ' not inferior to the grenerality of 
paraphrasts.' 

901. History of the Acts of the 
Apostles confirmed from other Authors, 
and considered as full Evidence of the 
Truth of Christianity ; with a Prepara- 
tory Discourse upon the nature of that 
Evidence, by Richard Biscob, D.D. 
London, 1742, 8vo, 2 vols., \2s. 

This elaborate work is hig'Uy praised by 
Dr. Doddridge. It contains the substance of 
Dr. Discoe's sermnns preached at the Boyle 
lecture, 1736-8. (1). New Edition. Oxfoid, 
1829, 8vo, in 1 vol., 10s. 6d. 

902. Actions of the Apostles, transl. 
from the Greek, by the Rev. John Wil- 
lis. London, 1789, 8vo, 5s. 

The only separate version of the Acts in 
Ensrlish. In the opinion of Orme, ' Some of 
Willis's renderings are ^rood, others fanciful, and 
others not sufficiently justified. Tlie notes are 
added, under the desiyrnation of proofe and il- 
lustrations.' 

903. Lectures on the Acts of the 

Apostles, by John Dick, D. D. Lond., 

1805-6, 8vo, 2 vols., 10*. 

According to the Eclectic Review, these 
vob. contain a useful illustration of many pas- 
sages^ and are full of good sense and orthodox 
divinity, conveyed in a perspicuous and easy 
style. 



(1.) Second Edition revised. Gliigoir, 
1822, 8vo, in 1 voL 

904. Lectures on the Acts of the 
Apostles, erplan. and practical, by Ridi. 
Stack, D.D. Second Edition. Loo- 
don, 1805, 8vo, 6s, 

According to the British Critic, Dr. Sk^'i 
Lectures ' contain litUe more tlttn a recapitv- 
lation of the subjects of the chaplen in othff 
words.* 

905. Lectures on the Acts of the 
Apostles, delivered during Lent, 1803<^ 
illustrated with maps, by John Brews- 
ter, M. A. London, 1807, 8vo, 2 volt.. 
Us, 

A professed imitation of Bidiop Portenf* 
excellent Lectures on St. Matthews Gospel 
Brewster ' is full of illustratioos from the 
fathers and divines of various ages ; and \k 
own remarks are not only trite, but lively » 
well as just' — British Critic (1.) New Edi- 
tion. London, 1831, 8vo, in 1 voL, pob. n 
14«. 

906. Discourses on Passages selected 
from the Book of the Acts of the Apos- 
tles, by Henry Thompson, D.D. Lon- 
don, 1822, 8vo. 

An able work, the object of whidi is to 
mark the fulfilment of prophecy in the laboan 
of the Apostles. 

907. Gesch. d. Apost. met Anmer- 
kungen,vonJ. H. KisTBMAKBR. Muo- 
ster, 1822, 6s, 

908. Die Geschichte der Apost. J. 
ezeget. hermeneut. in 2 besond. Absdm. 
bearbeit. von T. W. Hildebrand. 
Leipz., 1824» 8vo, 125. 

909. Twelve Lectures on the Acts of 
the Apostles ; to which is added, a New 
Edition of Five Lectures on the Goctoel 
of St John, by C. J. Blompibld, Bp. 
of London. London, 1828, 8vo, 7«. 

These lectures are ' the result of an endea- 
vour to render a portion of Scripture hirtory 
interesting and instructive to a conmB^boo, 
chiefly consisting of persons with litUe Jmare 
for research.* In an appendix are inserted 
Dr. Tucker's View of the Difficulties attend- 
ing the Trinitarian, Arian^ and Socinian sj»- 
tems. The woi k was repnnted in 1829, 8td. 
7s. ; and in 1838, 6vo, lOt. 6c/. 

910. Attempt to ascertain the Chro- 

nologry of the Apostles, and of St. 

Paul's Epistles, by the Rev. Edward 

Burton, D.D. Oxford, 1830, 8vo, 

3s, 6d. 

Dr. Burton observes that his Lectures upon 
the Eccles. History of the Firrt Century, nuirht 
have been entitled with equal propriety. Lec- 
tures upon the Acts of the Apostles. 



m 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



250 



911. Axmotations, Philol., Hist., and 
Geogr., upon the Acts of the Apostles. 
Cu&b., 1831, 12mo, 5s. 

913. Commentary on the Acts, by J. 
MoBisoN, D.D. 1838, 18mo, 4s. 

913. Practical Exposition of the Acts 
of die Apostles, by J. B. Sumner, Bp. 
of Chester. London, 1838, 8vo, or 
12mo, 2 Tols., pub. at 9'. each edi- 
tkm. 

This, eke the Bishop's former admirable 
work, see no. 803, is in the form of lectures, and 
(Wngned to taeist the practice of domestic in- 
ancbon and devotion. 

Tbe Rev. £. Buskenteth reliers idso toBede, 
OiryaostofD, Gregory, Augustine, Theophy- 
laeC: asd to Brentius, Bulhnger, Gualter, 

Micfa illustration of the Acts of the Apostles 
will be found in Bp. Etarrington's Miscellanea 
>«cn: Cndock's ApostoHcal History : Ben- 
floii's Hist.ofthe First Planting of Christianity; 
Berao'f Life of St. Paul, &c. 

916. E{»6tles. — Jo. Chrysostomi, 
Arehiep. Constant. » Expositio in D. 
Pmli Epistolas; accedit ANDRBiE, 
Arehiep. Cssareae Cappadocise, in D. 
Jotxmis Apost. et Evaog. Apocalypsin 
Comment, Gr. ct Lat., cura Frid. Syl- 
Boaeii. Paris, foL, 2 vols. 

Ao cioelleot edhion. 

917. Thkophyi^acti, Arehiep. Bul- 
gar», io D. Psuili Epistolas Comment., 
Gr. et Lat, cura Aug. Lin D8B LLi, Episc. 
Wigonuenus. Londini, 1636, folio, 
I6i. 

8« coL 225. no. 744. 

Ikeopbylacts Commentary on the Epistles 
a St. Ptal IS the most valuable part of his 
^vk% and b a correct compendium of Chry- 
KMom.— &Msti. 

. (L) TRxoooarn, Episc. Cyrensis, Expkn. 
nPanli Epistolas omnes. In his works. Ernesti 
'^^Mnneoids Theodoret's Commentary as a 
oxuDcnoement of a course of ezegetical study. 
h it a faithful abstract of the Homihes of 

(2.) JEuaelm HiKRomrMx Stridon. Commen- 
ttfn in omnes PauU Epistolas. In hk works. 

iX) AjiBBoeii, Episc Mediol., in omnes 
Prali ^nstolas Commentarii. In his works. 

(4.) S. Brckonis in Epistolas Pauli omnes 
upQstio. In his works. 

{^) Yen. Beda Expos, in omnes Paoli 
I-patolaa. In his works. 

913. Henr. Bullinobri in omnes 
Apost Epistolas Commentarii. Tiguri, 
iW.fol., lOt. 

919. Rod. GuALTHBRi Archctypi 
HomOianim in omnes Apostolonim 
Epistohn, accessit Centoria Memoria- 



lium in Apocalypsin, authore H^nr. 
Bulling BRo. Tiguri, 1599, fol. 

920. Wolfg. MuscuLi in Epist. Panli 
ad Romanos, 1 et 2 Corinthios, Ephe> 
sios, Philippenses, Colossenses, Tnes- 
salonicenses, ambas, et primam ad 'H- 
motheum Commentarii. Basil., 1565, 9, 
61, 5, foL, in 2 vols. 

921. Nic. Hbmminoii Comment, in 
omnes Epistolas Apost. Pauli, Petri, 
Judsa, Jonannis, Jacob!, et in eam que 
ad Hebrseos inscribitur. lipsise, 1571, 
fol., 15*. 

Hemmingius, according to Mosheim, was a 
man eminent for his piety and learning. (1.) 
Nic. Him MING n Commentaria in omnes Epis- 
tolas Apost. Pauh, Petri, Judas, Johannis, et 
Jacobi. Francof. ad Maenam, 1579, fol. 

922. Jo. Calvini in omnes N. T. 
Epistolas Commentarii. Hal. Sax., 1834, 
8vo, 3 vols., I5s. 

923. Hier. Zanchii Comment, in 
Epist. Pauli ad Ephesios, Philippenses, 
Colossenses, 1 et 2 Tbessalonicenses, 
et in 1 Johsmnis Epistolam. 

In his works. 

924. Bened. Justiniani in omnes 
B.Pauli'EpistolasExplanationts. Lugd., 
1612, fed., 3 vols. 

925. Gul. EsTii in omnes Pauli et 
septem Catholicas Apostolorum Episto- 
las Commentaria. Kothom., 1709» fol., 
2 vols, in I, 20s, 

Estius, says Orme, ' is one of the most re- 
spectable of the Catholic expositors. He dis- 
covers learning, judgment, and industry.' Dr. 
Macknight, it is said, was very partial to his 
Commentaries. (1.) Epitome (J ommentario- 
rum Gul. Esm et Com. a Lapidk in omnes 
D. PauU Epistolas per Jo. d Gorcvm collects. 
Editio nova D. Pauli teztu et G. Estii Praefii* 
tionibus aucta. Lovan., 1754, Bvo. 

926. Bern, de PicauioNY Epistola- 
rum Pauli Apestoli Triplex Ezpositio. 
Paris, 1703, fol. 

A valuable exposition— the 1st part is an 
analysis of the text ; the 2d a paraphrase ; the Sd 
consists of a commentary with notes. Before 
each epistle is a pref. account, and every chapter 
concludes with devotional inferences. (I.) 
Explication des Epitres de S. Paul, par Bern, 
de PiCijuiONY. Peris, 1706, I'imo, 3 voU. 
An Abridgment of the larger work. (2.) I^ 
Meme. 1714, 8vo, 4 vols. (3.) Un autre, 
Troyes, 1826, 12mo, 4 vols. A neat edition. 

927. D. Joach. Lanoii Commentatio 
Historico-hermeneutica in Vita et Epis- 
tolis Apostoli Pauli. Hale, 1718, 4to, 
125. 



251 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



252 



Th^ exceeding valuable book affbrdB very 
considerable aflststance for the understanding' 
ol the N. T. Lang was a learned Pietist, and 
wrote a number of valuable and useful wcuiics. 

928. PanH Epistolae ad Galatas, Ephe- 
sios/fhessalonicenses, Gr.perpet. Annot. 
illu«tr. a J. B. Koppb. Gott., 1791, 

8vo, 65. 

A good commentary. — Terrot A for- 
mer edition appeared in 1778. See col. 22, 
no. 48. 

929. Initia Paulina, sive Introductio 
ad Lecttonem Pauli Epistolarum [aTho. 
Burgess, Kpisc. Asaph]. Lond., 1 804, 

12mo, 45. 6a. 

This small work is chiefly a compilation, con- 
taining various tractSj adapted to aid the critical 
student of Paul's Epistles. In it will be found 
1., Pauli Epist. ad Phil., Gr. et Lat. cum bre- 
vibus noti^ KuTTNEni : 2, Theophylacti Proe- 
mia Epistolarum ; 3^ Ejusdem Interpr. Eptsto- 
laead rhilippenses; 4, Kosenmulleri Scholia 
adeandem; 5, Kutineri Observata de Idio- 
matibus N. T. ; 6, Excerptum ex H. Stephani 
Dissertationede Stylo Novi Testament! ; 7, Ex- 
cerptaex Th. Gataieri Diss, de Novi Instru- 
menti Stylo. 

930. Comment, perpetuus in decern 
Apost. Pauli Guas vulgo dicunt Episto- 
las Minores, eoidit Jo. Frid. Weinqart. 
Oothse, 1816, 8vo, 7s. 6d. 

A valuable selection of materials from the 
best commentators, with some remarks by 
Weingart. 

931. H. A. ScHOTT et J. F. Winzer 
Commentarii in Epist. ad Galatas et 
Thessalonicenses. Lips., 1834, 8vo, IO5. 

On the same plan as KuinoeFs Conunentary 
on the historical books of the N. T., noticed, 
col. 230, no. 774. 

932. Analytical Exposition of all the 

Epistles, by David Dickson. Lond., 

1659, fol., 24s. 

None of the puritanical expositors of this 
period were, savs Orme, suponor to Professor 
Dickson. Poole represents his expositions as 
brief, but perspicuous, ingenious and judicious. 
(1.) Idem, Latine. alasgruie, 1646, 4to, 15f. 

932 a. Analysis of all the Epistles of 
the N. T., by John Dale. Oxford, 
1652, sm. 8vo, 5s.' 

933. Paraphrase and Annotations 
upon all St. Paul's Epistles, done by 
several eminent Men [A. Woodhead, 

'R. Allestry, and O. Walker] at 
Oxford, corrected and improved by Dr. 
Fell, Bishop of Oxford. Third Edi- 
tion. London, 1703, 8vo, 7s. 

Dr. DoddridflTie observes that *Fell on the 
Epicdes is very short : but most of his notes are 
worthy of remark. ITie collection of parallel 
Scriptures is judicious, and the translation in 
some places altered for the better.' 



934. Paraphrase and Notes on the 
Epistles of S. Paul to the Thessalonkm. 
Timothy, Philemon and Titus ; aild on 
the Seven CathoUc Epistles, &c., by 
George Benson, D.D. London, 1752>6, 
4to, 2 vols., 36s. 6d. 

Dr. Doddridge observes ' it must be alkmed 
that Benson illustrates the spirit of Paul sooie- 
times in an admirable manner, even beyeod any 
former writer.' Locke, Peirce, and Btosao 
make up a complete commentary on the 
Epistles. 

935. Practical Paraphrase on the 
Epistles of S. Paul to the Romans, Ga- 
latians, and the Epistle to the Hebrews, 
by Samuel Collet. London, 1744, 
8vo. 

After the manner of Dr. Clarke's paraphrase 
on the four Evangelists. 

936. Paraphrase and Notes on the 
Epistles of S. Paul to the Galatians, I 
and 2 Corinthians, Romans, Ephesians : 
to which is prefixed an Essay for the 
understanding of S. Paul's Epiatlet, by 
consulting St. Paul himself, by John 
Locke. London, 1751, 4to, \0s, 

lliis is generally denominated the best edi- 
tion. The work has been frequentlv priBted 
in 4to, 7«. and 8vo, 69., and will be fbood 
in the collected editions of Locke's works^ 
The work, says Orme, 'oontains modi im- 
portant truth, and some very ooosiderable 
errors. Locke read St Paul with great attefi> 
tion, and yet missed his meaain|r on some lead- 
ing points. His ideas of the person of Cbfin, 
of the doctrine of justification by &ith, and the 
character and privileges of the Christian charek 
are grossly erroneous. But, apart from hif 
theological errors, his work possesses very ooa- 
siderable merit. Peiroe and BeosoD com- 
pleted the epistolary part of the New CorcoBot 
on Locke's plan. Dr. Williams aa^p, * were 
I disposed to recommend learned l a y cnai t y 
and critical conjecture, often at the ezpenoe of 
truth, and probably umanctiooed by the di«- 
cipline of personal deep experience, the Com- 
mentaries of Dr. .Tohn Taylor, and of Mr. 
Locke might be mentioned.' 

937. A. Paraphrase and Notes on the 
Epistles of S. Paul to the Colossians, 
Pbilippians and Hebrews, after die man- 
ner of Mr. Locke ; to which are annexed 
several Critical Dissertations on parti- 
cular parts of Scripture, by the Rer. 
James Peirce of Exon. London, 1797i 
4to, 6s. 

Michaclis speaks in the hi^^hest terms of ad- 
miration of the profound learning and acute dis- 
cernment cf Pevce. ( 1. ) Second Edition, wMi a 
Supplement by Jos. Hallett, Jun. Londflo, 
1733, 10s. 6d. Best Edition. 

' In Peirce's Commentary on four of Paul's 
Epistles,' there is a superior degree of critieal 
acumen, and with the exception of its Arianian. 
a very large portion of valuable matter. Of 



253 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



the tkree (Locke, Peirce, and Benson) Peirce's 
ptrtis the moit Taluable, for be has much ez- 
jwded Lod^ in biblical leaming, as be did 
Baan in talents, and in acuteness of investi- 

938. Paraplurasis und Ammerkungen 
aber die Briefe Pauli an die Galater, 
Epbfscr, Philipper, Colasser, Thessa- 
lonidier, den llmotheus, Titus, and 

Philemon,vonJ.D.MiCHABLi8. Gstt., 
irso, 4to, 6*. 

939. Hora Paulinie, or the Truth of 
«e Scripture History of St. Paul evinced 
bfa comparison of the Epistles, which 
oeir his name, with the Acts of the 
Aportles, by William Palby, D.D. 
^ 6«. ; 12mo, 4*. ; 24mo, 3^. &c. 

Nvpoous editions of this masterly perform- 
JMeWij been published. In the work the 
woea Archdeacon txaces a new species of 
^"JwmI evidence for the authenticitsrof Paul's 
L?i5 ^ ob>€rvingr the undesigned and 
teobvioQs coincidence of allusions and ex- 
P»«BODi, wfth the narrative of the Acts of the 
Apiwfa. &c (1.) An Analyws of Paley's 
How PanKnaj ; or the Truth of the Scripture 
««WT of St. Paul evinced. Adapted and 
a™M for the use of Students, to promote 
« tnticii] Investigmuon into the Authenticity 
<Jf tte Scriptures. With an Appendix. By 
we Ker. Charles Woodward. I'imo, 3*. 

940. Literal Transktion from the 
Greek of aH the Apostolical EpisUes, with 
t Commentary and Notes philological, 
^tical, e^mlanatory and practical; to 
^iich is added, a History of the Life of 
w Apostle Paul, by James Mac- 
KNioBT,D.D. Edinburgh, 1795, 4to, 4 
Tob., 51. 5#. ; or without the Greek text. 3 
^«li.., 4/. u. 

Tfcis woft, the labour of nearly thirty year?, 
«» reeeivcd the most honourable testimonies 
fr^ emment dignitaries of the church of Eng- 
™, sad from divines of all denominations. 
*Jf- M. fiivours the Arminian system. His 
*qrfc eootains a general preface, and four 

w. I- nULame, ' his senUments on some con- 
jj^ejto^ ^^^ are to be read with caution.' 
'^'MBwt speaks of the transhition as a * lumi- 
Jjwjad valuable work;' and a writer in the 
™"* Critic represents it as ' a work of theo- 
■fw labour not often paralleled, and an 
««»w siofehottfle of observations, to exercise 
5" «5r the student but the adept in divinity.' 
Aiotber critic observes • uijon Dr. Mac- 
*2Jl8 translation of the Epistles, rash, un- 
""Sh, and often ungrammatical, no one can 
j^oy value, apart from the notes and com- 
■^•■T, which, learned and ingenious as they 
g^ w e tended more to perplex than to en- 
SJw the biblical student' The Rev. E. 
"■••eth pronounces it * very objectionable 
« !«• of Its doctrinal statements. It is an 



254 

unsound book for the student, but with some 
useful criticisms.' Orme,in a lengthened notice 
of the transUtion, observes ' This is one of the 
most useful, and of the most dangerous books 
on the N. T^ which luu thrown considerable 
lighten the Epistles, and, at the same time, has 
propagated most pernicious views of their lead- 
ing doctrines. With the exception of the divi- 
nity and atonement of Christ, scarcely any other 
doctrine is properly stated by this learned writer.' 
(1.) Second Kdition, with the Life of the 
Author. London, 1806, 8vo, 6 vols., 62*. 6d. ; 
or without the Greek Text, 4 vols., 36«. Re- 
prmted 1816, 1821, &c. (2.) An Edition. 
Lond., 1835, imper. 8vo, m 1 vol., publ. at21i. 

941. Harmony of the Epistles of the 
Holy Apostles, by the Rev, P. Roberts. 
1800. 

See col. 78, no. 35. 

(1.) Harmonia Paulina : being an Arrange- 
ment, in the Words of the Apostle, of the com- 
plete Scheme of Christian r aith and P*ractice 
contained in the several Epistles of St Paul, by 
the Rev. Henry Latham. 8vo, published at 12». 

942. Epistles of Paul the Apostle, 
translated from the Greek, and arranged 
in the order in which they were probably 
written. Edinb., 1819, 8vo, part 1. 

This part contains the Epistles to tlie Thena- 
loniam, Galatiaos, Corinthians, and Romans. 
The alterations of the common translation are 
not very numerous, and some of the notes are 
very excellent— Orme. 

943. Eoistles of St. Paul to the Colos- 
sians, to the Thessalonians, to Timothy, 
and to Titus, and the Genferal Epistle of 
St. James: a New Version from the 
Greek, and chiefly from the text of 
Griesbach, by Philalethes [John Jones, 
LL.p.] Lond., 1819, 12mo, 

This version is intended to support the 
scheme of the modem Socinians. In many 
places, says Orme, * the common translation is 
much improved, and the idioms of both lan- 
guages have been carefully attended to.* 

944. Claris Apostolica, or a Key to 
the Apostolical Writings, by the Rev. 
Joseph Mbndham, A. M. London, 
1821, 12mo, 4*. 

This able refutation of Dr. Taylor's Para- 
phrase and Key first appeared in the Christian 
Observer for 1807. There is an examination 
of the doctors work in Abp. Magee on the 
Atonement and Erskine's Dissertatons. 

945. Die Sendschriften d. Apostcl. 
Ubcrs. und ErklSrt, von J. H. Kistb- 
MAKBE. Minister, 1822, 8vo, 2 vols., 

946. Epistles of Paul the AposUe, 
translated, with an Exposition and Notes, 
by the Rev. Tho. Belsuam. London, 
1823, 8vo, 4 vols., 21*. 



355 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



256 



One of the most elaborate performances on 
the Bible, which for many years have ismied 
from the Unitarian press, llie translation is 
constructed on the visionary scheme of inter- 

E-etation adopted and illostrated by Dr. 1 ay- 
r, of Norwich. The work is pronounced to 
be * excellent* by Dr. Parr, who further ob- 
aerves, * I do not entirely agree with him 
(Belsham) upon some doctrinal points; hot I 
ought to commend the matter^ style, and sjurit 
of Uie Preface : and in my opimon the translation 
does neat credit to the oiligence, judffment, 
erudition,and piety of my much-respected friend.* 
A very able and learned review of Bebham's 
Translation appeared in the Monthly Censor, 
a short-lived publication, in 1823, and * speci- 
mens of his mistranslation and misinterpreta- 
tions of the Epistles of St. Paul' will be found 
in the Quarterly Review, xxx, 79-115. Able 
critiques also will be found in the fkdectic 
Review for 1823, in the 4th volume of the New 
Edinbursrh Review, in the 22d vd. of the 
British Review, and in the Christian Remem- 
brancer for 1827. Mr. Belsliam, in 1826, pub- 
Ushed * A Vindication* of his transition. 

947. Apostolical Preaching considered 
in an Examination of St. Paul's Epistles, 
by John Bird Sumnbr, Bishop of Ches- 
ter. London, 1815, 8vo, 8*. 

Frequently reprint^. In this excellent 
treatise are some most sound and luminous 
observations on the two doctrines of predestina- 
tion and the corruption of human nature ; a« 
also on the mode and extent, in which, and to 
which, it is judicious to inculcate them, and 
ingist upon them, from the pulpit. — British 
Critic lor 1835. 

948. Annotations on the Epistles, 
being a Continuation of Mr. Elsley's 
Annot. on the Gospels and Acts, by the 
Lev. James Slade, M.A. London, I8I6, 

8vo, 2 vols., 1 6«. 

Principally designed for the use of candidates 
for holy orders. ITie work supplies adesideratum 
in theological literature, ftlr. Slade, taking the 
authorize version as the ground of his com- 
mentary, has selected from the annotators of 
every age and nation, all that could contribute 
to elucidate the text, and has enriched the com- 
pilation with judicious ob»ervations of his own ; 
at tlie same time stating every objection with 
candour and precision, and answering it with 
learning and ability. A fourth edition appeared 
in 1837, 8vo, 2 vols., published at 18s. 



949. Essays on some of the Difficul- 
ties in the Writings of St. Paul, and in 
other Parts of the New Testament, by 
Richard Whatbly, D.D., Abp. of Dub- 
lin. Third Edition. London, 1834, 8vo. 

\0s. 

The first edition appeared in 1828. 

It is a highly valuable and masterly work, 
admirably adapted to aid the advancement 
of genuine theologrical science. The volun^e 
comprises nine essays: 1. on the Love of 

Difficulti 



of St. Paul's Writings generally ; 3, on Elec- 
tion : 4, on Perseverance and Amuince ; 5, 
on the Abolition of the Mosaic Lew ; 6, on 
hnputed Ri^teousness ; 7, on apparent Con- 
tradictions in Scripture; 8, on the mode at 
conveying Moral Precepts in the N. T. ; 9, on 
the Influence of the Holy Spirit. 

950. Paraphrastic Translation of the 
Apostolic Episties, with Notes, by P. N. 
Shuttlbworth, D.D. Oxford, 1829, 

8vo, 10*. 

This admirably executed work is deagoed 
expressly for the use of inexperienced ^bacal 
students and of general readers. A thad edi- 
tion appeared in 1836. 

951. Illustration of the Epistles of St 
Paul, inclusive of an entirely New Trans- 
lation, by Charles Eyrb, A.B. London, 
1832, 8vo, 2 vols., pubUshed at 24«. 

952. Free and Explanatorv Vermon of 
the Epistles, by the Rev. Eaward Bas- 
LEB. London, 1837> fsc. 8vo, publi^ed 

at 7«. 

The translator has taken great liberties with 
the authorised version. 

The Lives of the Apostles will be firand, 
post, under Scripture Biography. 

953. Romans. — Des. Erasmi in Eptst 
Pauli ad Romanos Paraphrasis. BasiL, 
1518, 4to, 6«. 

954. Phil. Mblancthonis Com- 
mentarii in Epist. Pauli ad Romanos. 
1532, 18mo, 4s, 6d, 

Reprinted 1540, ficc. 

955. Conunentary on the Epiatle to 
the Romans, by Jorni Calvin, to which 
is prefixed his Life, by Theod. Beza. 
translated by Francis Sibson, A.B. 
London, 1834, fsc. 8vo, pubtished at 7f. 

956. Mart. Buceri Metaphrasxs el 
Enarratio in Epist. Pauli ad Romanos^ 
Basil., 1562, fol. 

957. Petri Martyris in Epist. S. 
Pauli ad Romanos Comment., cum Trac- 
tatione perutili Rerum et Locorum,qiii ad 
eam Epist. pertinent. Basil., 1558, fol . 

1 5s. 

Reprinted BasU., 1570, fol., 15f. Hekklbw 
1613, fol., 15«. 

958. Jac. Sadolbti, CanL et Episc. 
Carpentor., in Epistolam Pauh ad Ro- 
manos Commentarii. Lugd., 1535, fd^ 

\2s, 

* In quo styli ekgantiam laudant omnes*.— 
Walch. 



Truth ; 2, on tlie 



ities and Value of 



959. Rob. RoLLOCi Comment, in 
Epist. ad Romanos. Edinb.»1594. I2ma 
Reprinted at Geneva in 1596, am. 8vo. 



257 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



960. Dav. Paexi in Pknli Epist. ad 
Sooanos Commeiitariiu. Francof,, 
1606, 4to, 6«. 

The ezpoatoiy warla of Pskiis were lon^ 
htgUj oteemed on the contiDent. He was a 
decided Calviiiist, and by Bome sentimeiits 
tiirown oat in the Epistle to tiie Ronums, on 
ilie ailHect of kin^^ aitthoritr. he so enraged 
JisMi I, that the lung ordered the work to be 
bonedby the hangman. 

961. Car. Fkhmb Analysis Logica in 

Stolam Apoatoli Pauli ad Romanos. 
b.. 1651, 12ino, Ss, 
'A very excellent little work, in which the 
■j^uaeot and the meaning of the epistle are 
my aecorately nnfolded.'-Orme. 

962. Jac. Alting in Epist ad Roma- 
DM Commentarias. 

Iibk works. 

963. EpistolaB Ftoli ad Romanos 
Aoilysia, a Steph. de Brais. lips., 
1726, 4to, 5*. 

JF^ paUkhed at Sahnor., 1720. A third 
gMMa » with addttiona, appeared amon^r the 
*«b of the author edited by Venema, at 
Ajrt., 1735. The work, says Orme, * is en- 
Med lo attention as affording considerable 
fiftt OB naoy pawag^i of the Epistle to the 
noMBi* and on some other of Paul's Epistles.' 

964. Jo. Jac. Rambachii Introduc- 
tH> hiitorico-thedlogica in Epistolam 
Fmfi ad Romanos ; adjecta est Mart. 
LuTHimi atu'ea Pnefatio, variis obsenra- 
^unibus excwetids atque apologetids 
iDwtrata. Hala, 1727, 8vo. 

. Arery Tthiable work, to which Mr. Home 
■ haiBt rodoction acknowledges he was largely 
'adw il M L 

965. Jo. Alph. TuRRXTiNi in Panlli 
Apoatad Romanos Epistoke Cap. priora 
™ttim IVelectiones critics, theologi- 
OBetcondoQatoriae. Laos., 174 l,4to, 7#. 

llnebde the first eleven chapters. Enm- 
f»«L with Arminian riews.'— Bickersteth. 
n^!^* Exercitations on the Epwtle lo the 
*2» are commended by Emesti in his 
y<«»«» Interpret and the Rev. T. H. 
««ae olMerves, • Hbey are truly excellent. 
««2rHegomena discuss, with gnsat ability, 
Jfdete of the epistle to the Romans, the 
IJ»a whence it was written, the state of 
^ChiMtians at Rome, the causes of the 
*55»ty of St. Paul's ei^tles generally, 
■Wof that to the Romans m particular ; the 
y^ P^fiigs agitated at that time, and various 
••« topics which are necessary to the right 
■"■"•awfing of that epistle.* 

966. Jo. Ben. Carpzovii Strictnrse 
™ologic» in Epiatolam Pauli ad Ro- 
■^; adsperei subtnde sunt Floras 
™»i«i»L Uelmst» 1768, 8vo, 6*. 

Iw Editioiu In these strictures Carpzov 



358 

points out the great similarity between the 
wntmgs of Paul and PhUo Judsus. 

967. Jo. Sal. S«MLKRi Paraphrasis 
Epistoke ad Romanos cum Notis, Transl. 
yetusta, et Dissertatione de duplici Ap- 

Sindice hujus Epistolse, in Cap. xv, xvi. 
al», 1769, sm. 8yo, 4#. 6d, 
See col. 210, no. 668. 

968. Sam. Fred. Nath. Mori Pnelec- 
tiones in Epistolam Pauli ad Romanos, 
cum ejusdem Versions Latina, locorum- 
que quorundam N. T. difficiliorum In- 
terpretatione, edidit J. T.T. Holtzap- 
FBL. lipsise, 1794, 8vo, 3#. 6d. 

See col. 210, no. 672. 

969. £pistola Pauli ad Romanos, 
Graece, ex recens. novis. Griesbachii, 
cum Comment, perpetuo, e<^dit Chr. 
Fr. BoEHMB. Lips., 1806, 8vo, 4$, 6d, 

970. Commentarie vpon the Epistle 
of S. Paul to tbe Romans, by Thomas 
Wilson, one of the six Preachers in 
the Cathedral Church of Canterbury. 
London, 1614, 4to, 12a. 

This commentary, in the form of a dialogue, 
abounds, says Dr. Williams, 'with judiaous 
distinctions, and practical uses.' (1.) An 
Edition* London, 1627, fol. (2.) Another. 
London, 1653, foL, 18i. 

971. Hexapla; a Sixfold Commentarie 
on the Epistle to the Romans, by Andrew 
WiLLBT. Camb., 1611, foL, 14a. 

972. Exposition of the Epistle to the 
Romans, by Elnathan Parr, D.D. 
London, 1651, fol., lOs. 

Parr's Exposition, in the opinion of Dr. 
Williams, ' is equalljr remarkable for sound- 
ness of sentiment, familiarity of illustration, and 
want of taste in strle and composition.' ( I.) 
An Edition. London, 1632, fol., lOf . 

973. Explanation of the Epistle to 
the Romans, by John Brown. Edinb., 
1679, 4to. 

Chiefly valuable as a doctrinal and practical 
exposition. The author was a Calvinist of the 
old school. (1.) An Edition. Edinb., 1766, 
4to,15i. 

974. A Paraphrase and Notes on the 
Epistle to the Romans, to which is pre- 
fixed a Key to the Apostolic Writings, 
by John Taylor, D.D., of Norwich. 
Lond., 1745, 4to, 12^. 

This work is held in considerable estimation 
by those who are attached to Socinian or Anan 
sentiments. The key is reprinted in Bp. 
Watson's Collection of Tracts, who observes it 
[ is greatly admired by the leanied, as contain- 
ing the best introduction to the Epistles, and 
the clearest account of the whole gospel 
scheme, which was ever written.' (1.) Second 
Edition. Lond., 1747, 4to, 16f. TbisUusually 



259 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



260 



denominated the best edition. It was re- 
printed in 1754 and 1769. Dr. Taylor's scheme 
18 examined by Abp. Maoree in the first volume 
of his Discourses on the Atonement. See 
coL254, no.944. 

975. Auslegung des Briefes Pauli an 
die Romer, von S. J. Baumgabtbn. 
Halle, 1749, 4to, 9*. 

976. Paraphrase, with Critical Anno- 
tations, on tne Epistles of St. Paul to 
the Romans and Ualatians, by Timothy 
Edwards, A.M. Lond., 1752, 4tp, 

4*. 6d. 

A judicious compilation from the best pre- 
vious commentaries on these two Epistles. 

977. Erklarung des Briefs Pauli an 
die Romer, mit Boysens Anmerk. von 
J. L. MosHEiM. Quedl., 1770, 4to, 8*. 

978. Epistle of Paul to the Romans 
analjTsed, by John Jones. Halifax, 

1801, 8vo, 58, 

Mr. Jones is an Unitarian of the modem 
cast 

979. Lectures on the Epistle of St. 
Pali to the Romans, explan. and prac- 
tical, by Richard Stack, D.D. Dublin, 
1806, 8vo, 55. 

980. Lectures, explan. and practical, 
on the Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans, 
by the Rev. John Fry. Lond., 1816, 

8vo, 10#. 6d. 
Doctrinal and practical. — Bickersteth. 

981. Hor« Romanae ; or, an Attempt 
to elucidate St. Paul's Epistles to the 
Romans, by an original Translation, ex- 
planatory Notes and new Divisions, by 
Robert Cox, M.A. Lond., 1824, 8vo, 3*. 

A judicious and esteemed work. ' Cox*s 
version has great merit, and, in its style, is 
much superior to the indistinct and uncouth 
phraseology of the public version.' — Eclectic 
fcview. 

982. Notes on the Epistle to the 

Romans, intended to assist Students in 

Theology, and others, who read the 

Scriptures in the Originals, by Samuel 

H. TuRNBR, D.D. New York, 1824, 

8vo. 

Professor Turner in this woric has availed 
himself of the labours of the German biblical 
critics. Prefixed is a translation of Koppe's 
Libtin Introduction to the £pistleto the Romans, 
and the work concludes with an * Essay for 
the consideration of Theological Students.' 

983. Paulus Parochialis, or a Plain 
and Practical View of the Object, Argu- 
ments, and Connection of St. Paul's 
Epistle to the Romans, by the Rev. 
Wm. Lisle Bowlks. Bath, 1826, 8vo. 



A series of sermoni adapted to country ooa- 
gregatiobs. 

984. Epistle of Paul the AposUe to 
the Romans, with an Introidactioii, 
Paraphrase, and Notes, by C. H. Tbb- 
ROT, M.A., of Trinity ColL, Cambridge. 

Lond., 1828, 8vo., 9*. 

An excellent and useful apparatos towirdi t 
fill! examination of the EpisQe. 

985. Lectures on St. Paul's Epifide 
to the Romans, by the Rev. C. A. 
MoYSBY, D.D. [Bath], 1830, 8vo, 6«. 

986. Auslegung des Briefes Pauli in 
die Rdmer nebst fortlaufenden KwoA- 
gen aus den Exegetischen Schriften der 
Kirchenvater una Reformatoren von A 
Tholuck. Berlin, 1831, 8vo, lOsM. 

This work is highly esteemed. (1.) Exposi- 
tion of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans, with 
Extracts of the Kxegetical Works of theFitbo 
and Reformers, transl. from the German of Dr. 
Fred. Aug. Gottr. Tholuck, by the Rev. Rob. 
Menzies. Edinb., 1833-6, 12mo, 2 vob., pub. at 
lOi. This valuable work forms a part of the 
Edinburgh Biblical Cabinet. (3.) Remaifa 
on Dr. Tholuck's Exposition of St. Panl^ 
Epistle to the Romans, by Robert U4u>A]ii, 
Esq. Edinb., 183-, 6d. 

987. CJoramentaidber den Brief Pauli 
an die Romer, von L. J, Ruckbbt. 
Leipz., 1831, 8vo, IZs. 6d. 

988. Lectures, Explanatory and Plnc- 
tical. on the Doctrinal Part of the Epittk 
of Paul the Apostle to the Romans, by 
David Ritchie, D.D.. &c Edinb., 

1831, 8vo, 2 vols., publ. at 18*. 

These Lectures are avowedly dtsoourMS prfr- 
noun^ed from the pulpit— they contain very 
little Biblical criticism, and no attempt at whit 
the Germans caHl hermeneutiGS. 

989. Practical Exposition of St PaoTs 
Epistle to the Romans, in a series of 
Lectures, by the Rev. Thomas Pajuit. 
London, 1832, 12mo, publ. at 7s. 

Highly praised in the Christian Rcnea* 
brancer for 1832. In the appendix wifl be 
found remarks on certain leading terms, a tabu- 
lar analysis of the epistle, &c. 

990. Commentary on the Epistle to 
the Romans, with a Translation and 
various Exercises, by the Rev. Moses 
Stuart. Andover [Massachussetts], 

1832, 8vo, 12*. 

An important accession to our Biblical &e- 
rature. The manner in which it is con^ructed 
and executed, renders it a most valuable eon- 
panion to the student who may be desirom of 
examining the Epistle to the Romans with 
scrupulous exactness, by the light of an appro- 

5riate and copious imilology. (1.) A New 
ranslation of the Epistle of Paul the Apowe 



161 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



262 



t» the Romam, with t Commentary, and an 
Appeodiz of various DinertationB by the Rev. 
Moms Stvaht. Republkhed, by appointment 
of the Author, with Prefiices and an Index, 
raderdie care of John Pye Smith, D.D. and E. 
HcTDiaaoN, Doct. Philos. London, 1833, 
Sv^pah. at 14c (2.) A Commentary on the 
Epine to the Romans, with a Transl. and 
moM Exerdses, by Moses Stuart. The 
TWd Edition, corrected and freatly enlarged. 
LoodoB, 1836, 8vo, pnbl. at 12«. 

991. Explanatory and Practical Com- 
ments on Romans and Corinthians. 
Dublin, 1833, 8vo, 2s. 

999. Practical Exposition of St. Paul's 
Bpiitle to the Romans, with an Appen- 
& br the Rev. Robert Amdbrson. 
Third Edition much enlarged. London, 

1833, pub. at 9#. 

Thii exposition is of a popular and practical 
docription. It is ' the expository part of a 
MKi of afternoon lectures, delivered by the 
uthsr to hk flock. 

993. Commentar zn dem Briefe des 
Apoitds Ptolos an die Romer, von £. 
KoLLHBK. Darmst, 1834, 8vo, 7*. 

994. Paraphrastic Translation of St 
hnFi Epistle to the Romans, bv 
LiicTJs. London, 1834, 12mo, 2s, 6a. 

This tnuHlation fsiils, in many places, to 
oavey the genuine sense, — it is accompanied 
yth eopiotts notes, taken, with few exceptions, 
fnm Prof. Stuart's Commentary. 

995. Versuch einer ausfuhrlichen 
EiUanmg des Briefes PauU an die 
Bteier mit historischen Einleitungen 
^ exmtisch-dogmatischen Excursen, 
▼on J. U. RXICHB. Gdtt., 1834, 8vo, 
2T0k,18#. 

996. Der Brief des Apostels Paulns 
>Q die Romer, von C. Glockbr. 
Fniikf., 1834, 8vo, 10». 6d. 

997. Exposition of the Epistle to the 
Romans, witji Remarks on the Commen- 
tirics of Dr. Macknight, Prof. Tholuck, 
uid Prof. Moses Stuart, of America, by 
HobertHALDANB,E8q. Edinb., 1835-7, 
12ID0, 2 vols., pub. at \4s. 

Of voL 1, a woond edition appeared in 1837. 
Aceofding to the British Critic for Oct. 1835, 
'the author boldly advocates the more extrava- 
Pint and reptusire dogmas of Calvinism.' 
,Aoj««^writer pronounces the work to be 
^streaw re of sound interpretation and orthodox 
JJttine/and also observes, ' Haldane exposes 
rf^w * of the calm and unimpassioned, but 
ascesTMe and daitterous Stuart, and makes 
May most just and useful animadversions on 
(M^bdned neoloinr of Tholuck, and the frimd 

perversions of Macknignt.' 



See Presbyt Review for May, 1836 ; also for 
Jan. and Nov., 1837. 

998. Lectures on the J^istle of Paul 
the Apostle to the Romans, by 
Thomas Chalmers, D.D. Glasgow, 
1837> 8vo. 2 vols., pub. at lOs, 6d, each. 

999. Commentary on the Epistle to 
the Romans, by Charles Uodob, of 
Princeton, America. London, 1837> 4s. 

One of the publications of the Rehgious 
Tract Society. 

1000. Lectures, Expos, and Practical, 
on the Epistle to the Romans, by the 
Rev. A. J. Scott. London, 1838« 8vo, 
2 parts, at Is. each. 

1001. On various Parts of the Epistle 
of Paul the Apostle to the Romans. 

n.) Worlde's Resurrection, or the Generall 
Calling of the Jewes : a Familiar Commentary 
on Romans xi, by Thos. Dbaxb. London, 
1609, sm. 4to, 5t. 

(2.) Lectures upon Romans xi, by H. Sut- 
ton and J. DowvAME. London, 1632, 4to, 
7i. 

(3.) Exposition, with Notes, on the Fourth 
Chapter to the Komans, by Wm« Sclatkb. 
London, 1650, 4to. 

(4.) Three excellent and pious Treatises in 
sundry Sermons upon the whole viith, viiith, and 
ixth Chapters of Komans, by Edward Elton, 
B.D. London, 1663, fol., 18<. This, says Dr. 
E. Williams, is ' a work nch in matter, dreised 
in the plain and somewhat popular language of 
the day.* ^ 

^5.) Eighteen Sermons on Romans viii, 
1-4, by Thomas jACoain, D.D. London, 1672, 
4to, 18<. 

(6.) XLVI Sermons on the 8th Chapter of 
the Romans, by Thos. Horton, D.D. Lon- 
don, 1674, fol., 15i. 

(7.) Exposition of the Ninth Chapter of Ro- 
mans^ plainly shewing that the Apo^e's Scope 
therem is to maintain the doctrine of Justi6ca- 
tion by Faith, and not at all to discourse con- 
cerning Personal Election and Reprobation, 
by John Goodwin, M.A. London, 1653, 4to. 
7i. (7 a.) Fourth Edition, to which are added 
by the same Author, The Banner of Justifica- 
tion displayed, and The Agreement and 
Distance of Brethren, with a Prefiice by 
Thomas Jackson. London, 1835, 8vo, pub. 
at 8s. 

(8.) Sermons sur la 8e Chap, de I'EpStre 
aux Remains, par Jean Mestrezat. Amst, 
1702, small 8vo, 7i. 6d, 'Les ouvrages de 
Mestrezat sont une source d'instruction pour ce 
siecle comme pour celui ou il v6cu.'— Senebier. 

(9.) Three Discourses on Romans xi, 11, 
by Nath.LARDNBR, D.D. London, 1743, 8vo, 
2s. 6d, 'l*he circumstances of the Jewish 
people an argument for the truth of Christi- 
anity.' 

(10.) Critical Exposition on the 9th Ch. of 
the Epistle to the Romans, as ftir as is supposed 
to relate to the Doctrine of Predestination, by 
J. Fawcett. London, 1752, 8vo, Is. 6rf. 



263 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



S64 



(11.) Scripture Doctrine of Sanctification, 
being a Critical Explication and Paraphrase of 
Romans ti, TiiyandTiii, l-4ybY James Fraser. 
Edinb., 1774, ISmo. 4f. This work, edited 
by Dr. Erakine, of Edinburgh, is, says Orme, 
'one of the ablest expositions of this difficult 
portion of Scripture we possess ; and exposes, 
with great ability, the mistakes of Grotius, 
Hammond, Locke, Whitby, Taylor, Alexander, 
and others.' The Rev. £. Bickersteth also 
pronounces it to be ' an able defence of the 
doctrine of the Gospel, against Locke, Taylor, 
and other opponents.' (l.J An Edition. Edmb., 
1890, 12mo, 4f. 6d. 

(12.) Paraphrase on the first eleven Chapters 
of the Epistle to the Romans, bv the Rev.Tho. 
ADAM,of Wintringham. London, 1771, 8vo. 
3s. 6d, This usefulwork is likewise to be found 
in tiie author's coUectiTe works. It is ' clear 
and forcible on justification by faith.' — Bicker- 
steth. 

(13.) Scripture Doctrine of Sin and Grace 
considered, in 25 plain and practical Discourses 
on the 7th Chap, of the Epistle to the Romans, 
by John Staftord. London, 1772, 8vo, 5s. 

(14.) Discourses, explan. and practical, on 
the 9th Chapter of Paul's Epistle to the Romans, 
by J. Jarrom. Wisbech, 1827, 12mo. 

(^15.) Exposition of the 8th Chapter of the 
Epistle to the Romans, also Five Lectures on 
the 10th Chapter of the same, by the Rev. C. 
D. Maftlako. London, 1831, 8vo, pubL at 
lOi. 6d. 

*«* The Rev. E. Bickersteth also refers to 
Augustine, Origen ; and to Brentius, Muscu- 
lus, Gualter, Scultetus; Zuinglius. 

1002. 1 and 2 Corinthians. — Petri 
Martyris in Panli Apost. priorem 
Epistolam ad Corinthios Commentarii, 
et Homiliie In eandem. Tiguri, 1579> 
foL, 20«. 

TIm commentaries are dedicated to K. Ed- 
waidVL 

1003. Commentaire rar la Seconde 
Epiatre aux Corinthiens, par Jean 
Calvin. 1547» am. 8vo» 5«. 

1004. Rob. RoLLOci Comment, in 
Epiatolaa ad Corinthios. Herb. Nass., 
1600, 12mo, 7t. 6d. 

1005. Dav. Parbi in priorem S. 
Panli Epistolam ad Corinthios Com- 
mentarius. Francof., I6l9, 4to, 6#. 

See col. 257, no. 960. 

1006. Jo. Sal. SsMLBRi Paraphrasis 
in piimam Pauli ad Corinthios Episto- 
lam cum Notis et Latin. Translationum 
Excerptis, Halae Magd., 1770^ 8to, 
4s, 6tf. 

See col. 210, no. 668. (1.) Jo. Sal. Simleri 
Paraphrasis Secunde Epistola ad Corinthios, 
acoessit Lat. vetus Translatio et Lect Varietss. 
Hal. Magd., 1776, Bvo, 4$, 

1007. Exercitationes (22) in difficiliora 



Loca prions Epistolae P^nli ad Corin- 
thios, a Camp. Vitrinoa. Fnneq. 
1784-9, 4to. 

These, like all the other works of Yitrii^t, 
are very learned, and rery elaborate. 

1008. Gott. Christ. Storr NotitiK 
Histories Epistolamm Paulli ad Carin- 
thios Interpretationi servientes. Tu- 
bings, 1788, 4to. 

A useful wOTk. — ^Ammoo. 

1009. Pauli ad Corinthios Epistobe, 
Gmce, perpetua Annotatione illurtrita^ 
a F^. Aug. GuiL Krausb. F^ancot 
1792, 8to, voL 1, Epistolam prioron 
complectens, 7t. 

1010 Pauli ad Corinthios Epistola 
Secimda, perp. Annot. iUustr. a Jo. 
Geo. Fred. Lrun. Lemg. 1804, Bro, 
4«. 6d. 

1011. Epistok Pftuli ad CorinthkM 
posterior, Greece, perp. Commentario 
illustr. C. A. G. Emmbrlino. lipt., 
1823, 8vo, 4«. 

1012. Pauli Epistolae ad Corinlhioi, 
Greece, perpetua Annot. illustr. a D. J. 
Pott. Gott, 1826, 8vo, 79. 

1013. Commentarius in priorem D. 
Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolam, audore 
Aug. Lud. Christ Hrydbmrbich. 
Marburgi, 1827-8, Sto, 2 vols., 27t. 

This commentary is chidBy philological* 

1014. Paraphrase on St Paul's Pint 

Epistle to the Corinthians, with Eipb- 

natory Notes by the Rev. J. G. Tollbt, 

M.A. Lond., 1825, 8vo, 3#. 

Written for the purpose of promotinr agree- 
ment amonff Christians in the greatdoetrinet 
of the gospel— £cL Rev. for Jan. 1837. 

1015. Expository Lectures on FraTi 
Epistles to the Corinthians, by William 
Lothian, Minister d the Congreg. 
Church, St Andrew's. Edinb., 1828. 
8vo, 9*. 

An able and judicious oontmantarr — *wt 
cordially recommend these Taluable ncCora 
to our readers.'— Electic Rev. for Jan. 1830L 

1016. Commentar xu den Brielien des 
Paulus an die Corinther, von Dr. G. 
Billroth. Lips., 1833, 8vo, 7«. 

A translation of this commentary ibnns tk 
21st and 23d vols, of the Biblioal Cabinet 

1017. On various P&rts of the Epis- 
tles of Paul the Apoatle to the Corai- 
thians. 

(1.) Sermons sur 2 Corinth., iii, 13-18, psr 
M. Amtraut. Saumur, 1651, 12mo, 3c 6^ 'A 
man of sound understanding and subtle genfus, 
to whose writings even such men as naostit 



265 



BIBUCAL COMMENTARIES. 



266 



lod Pidet owed a oouidenble put of their 
yk>fy. ~"Moriiciin« 

(%) Ccmmentary on the fint Chapter of 
2u of Corinthieiis, by Ricfaard Sibbss, D J). 
Uadoo, 1665^ foL, 15«. This oommentary is 
Bol cenleined in the reprint of Dr. Sibbes* 
yfarkM, in 3 Tole. dra 

(X) Sc rip t ni e Directory for Church Officers 
ud People, or a Practicel Commentary on 
tWU Chivter of the 1st Epistle to the Corin- 
tkisos, by Anth. Buaons. Lend., 1669, foL, 
l(k 

(4.) SemMMM (21) snr le z Chapitrede la 
Ic Epitre au Corinthiens, par Jean Daille. 
Gcam, 1687, an. 8to, 4«. 6d. 

(S.) Pirtph. Exposition of tiie 16th Ch. 
of the Ist Epistle to the Corinthians, with some 
oibcsl Notes, by Wm. GaasKwooD, D.D. 
L8al,17S9,4to. 

(&) Pvephrate upon the 15th Chapter of 
tb Rist Eptstle to the Corinthians, with cri- 
ttol Notes, he and Observations, &c. by 
Jsha AusLAiTDKa. London, 1766, 4to. This 
work, ttys Onne, contains a few good critical 
imsks; bat the theological cieed of the 
vriier, aa Unitarian minister, occupies a most 
pnanncstpert throngfhout. 

(7.) J. r. Gamimb, de Caintibiis ix-xiii pos- 
tensm Epist Paalli ad Corinthios ad eadem 
hsal ssparaodis DisMitatio critica. Getting., 
17W.dfo,ai.6i. 

(&.) C F. A FarrscHX de nonnullisposter. 
Pnfa sd Corinthios Epistoli Locis Dissert 
dsa. Lips., 1824, 8to, 5f. 

(9.^ CoonaentBtio critica et ezegetica in 
Pnms EpistoUe ad Corinthios Caput xiii, 
•ojat T)r. L. G. Pabzav. Trej. ad Rhen., 

V The Rer. £. Bickerrteth also refers to 
Mfhiffhon, Mnacnhis, Bogenhagius, Lather. 

1018. Galatians. — ^XLIII Sermons 
opoB tiie Galatiani, by John Calvin. 
London, 1574, 4to, 18#. 

1019. Mart. LuTHBRi Comment in 

EfkL Pknli ad Galatas. Basil, 1523, 

12010, 4«. 6dL 

Freqeenlly reprinted. It is said when Bacon 
fint peraaed a nortioo of this work, he danced 
far joy* (1.) LvTHxa's Commentary on St. 
Pnrs Epistk to the Galatians, with the Life 
^ dMtTeaerable Beionner, and an impartial 
Hirtonr of the Times in which he lived, b^ the 
R«r. Ensmos Middleton, also a Portrait of 
I'^te*. London, 1807, Sro, 8f . ; imper. paper, 
^ Lather's Comment on the Epistle to the 
^^•litiBos waa hie &Toarite work—' he used to 
can thM Eniscle his wife, his Catherine Bore.' 
Jk, £. Wufiame remarks, it ' is a strong anti- 
te igainst the Popish Doctrine of Justifica- 
^ by works ;* and the Rer. E. Bickersteth 
piMmuMses it lo be ' one continued and power- 
ralddeneebr jastification by faith.'— There are 
«her editioiM m English : to. 1580,4to, 7».6d,; 
lM4.4lo,6f.; 1741, fol,15f.; 1760, folio; 12mo, 
^▼ok;1830,8iro^l0li.&/. Tins pubL by Dun- 
«B. aty be ooosMiered the best edition. 

1020. Rob. RoLLOCi Analysis in 
Epttt ad Galatas. Lond., 1602, sm. 
8^, 7t. 6d. 



1021. Dav. Pabbi in Epist. ad Gala- 
tos Commentarius. Heraelb., 1621, 
4to, 6«. 

1022. Jo. Wbssblii Comment, in 
Epist. Pauli ad Galatas, edidit C. de 
Fbypbr. Lug. Bat., 1750, 4to, 7t. 6d. 

Recommended bj Heringa in his edition of 
Seiler's Hermeneutics. 

1023. C. G. HoPMANNi Introductio 
theologico-critica in Lectionem Epistol® 
ad Galatas etColossenses. Lipsise, 1750, 
4to, 5«. 

Hoftnann's work is extolled by Welch. 

1024. J. S. Sbmlbri Paraph. Epis- 
tolae ad Galatas, cum Proleg., Notis, et 
Varietate Lectionis Latinae. Halte, 1779, 
sm. 8to, 3«. 6d. 

See coL 210, no. 668. 

1025. S. F. N. Mori Acroases in 
Epistolas Paulinas ad Galatas et Ephe- 
sios [edidit K. H. A. Eichstadt]. 
lAjxm, 1795, Svo, 5«. 

SeecoL210, no. 672. 

1026. £1. An. BoRORR Interpretatio 
Epist. Pauli ad Galatas. Luga. Bat., 
1807> 8vo, 9s. 

1027. Pauli ad Galatas Epistola, La- 
tine Tertit, et Comikientario perpetuo 
illustravit, by B. Winer. Editio tertia 
aucta et emendata. Lipsise, 1829> 8vo, 
4#. 6d, 

The first edition of this Taluable work a 
peered in 1821 . A translation by the Hev. 
Cunningham was lately announced. 

1028. Exposition and Obsenr. upon 
S. Paul to the €ralatians,by JohnPRiMS. 
Oxford, Barnes, 1587> 8to, 7t. 6d. 

1029. Commentarie upon the first Ave 
Chapters of Galatians, by WilL Per- 
kins, with a Supplement upon the 
sixth Chapter, by Ralfe Cudworth, 
B. D. London, 1617, 4to, 15#. 

' An elaborate commentary.'— Orme. 

1030. Brief Eroos. of the Epistles ta 
the Galatians and Ephesians, by Jamee 
Ferouson. Edinb., I659»sm. Svo, 7t. 6d, 

Ferguson is 'a good old Scotch writer.'— 
Bickersteth. His ezpositioos, in the opinion of 
Dr. Williams. ' abound with pertinent observa- 
tions deducea from the text, considered in its 
propcsr connection, and in a method almost 
peculiar to the Scottish divines of die last 
century. 

1031. Paraphrase and Notes on the 
Epistles of 8. Paul to the Galatians and 
Ephesians, with a Comment, on the two 
Epistles of S. Paul to theThessalonians, 



267 



RELIGION AND FfS HISTORY. 



168 



by Samuel Chanolbb, D.D. London, 

1777. 4to, 5#. 
Dr. Chandler's sentimenta were Arian. 

1032. Commentar uber den Brief 
Pauli an die Galater, von L. T. Ruckbrt. 
Leipz., 1833, 8vo, 7s, 

*«* The Rev. £. Bickersteth also refers to 
Augustine, Jerome ; and to Brentius, Bugen> 
hagius, Musculus, Zuinglius. 

1033. Epheidans. — Mart. Bucbri 
Prselectiones in Epist. D. Pauli ad Ephe- 
8108 habitse Cantabrigiae, in Anglia. 
Basil., 1562, fol. 

1034. Sermons upon the Epistle of 
St. Paul to the Ephesians, by John Ca l- 
viN, transL by Arthur Golding. Lon- 
don, Lucas Harrison, 1577> 4to, 15«. 

1035. Rob. RoLLOci Ckimment. in 
Epist. ad Ephesos. Edinb. 1590, 4to, 8«. 

Reprinted Genevs, 1503, 8vo. 

1036. Rob. BoDii, Scoto-Biitanni, in 
Epist. Pauli ad Ephesioa Pndectiones 
supra CC. Lond., 1652, fol, 18«. 

^Onus hoc maflrnnm est, atque multum lau- 
datur. — Walch. £ditio altera. Genevas, 1661, 
fol., 18s. Dr. M'Crie, in his Life of Melville, 
obeervet that these ' Prelections contain some 
good critical remarks, as well as many eloquent 
passages.' 

1037. H. A. RoRLL Ckimment. in 
Epist. ad Eprhesios, ^uo etiam continetur 
DemoDStratio Divmitatis Scriptorum 
Pauli. Traj., 1715, 4to, 7t. M. 

1038. CkimmcDtary on St. PauFs 
Epistle to the Ephesians, by Launc. 

RiDLRY. 
In the 2d vol. of the Fathers of the Church. 

1039- Commentarie on the Ephesians, 

by Paul Baynb. London, 1618, fol., 

20<. 

'A useful Puritan exposition.'— Bickersteth. 
Dr. Sibbs acknowledges himself indebted to 
Bayne, instrumentally, for his conversion. (1.) 
Another. London, 1643, fol., 20s. 

1040. Exposition on the Epistle to 
the Ephesians, by Thomas Goodwin, 
D.D. 

In the first vol. of his works. 

1041. Epistle of the Apostle Paul to 
the Ephesians, with Texts Parallel, Ex- 
pository, and Illustrative, ^hered from 
all parts of the Word of GoS/by the Rev. 
H. A. SiMCOB. Lond., 1833, fsc. 4to, 
2«. 6d 

1042. Der Brief Pauli an die Epheser, 

von L. T. Ruckbrt. Leip., 1834, 8vo, 

75. 
*«* The Rev. E. Bickersteth also refers to 



Jerome; and to Zanchius, Scuhetoa, 
glius. 

1043. Philippians. — Huld. Zuinglii 
ad Philippenses Annotatiuncnla. Tiguri, 
1531, sm. 8vo, 4#. 

1044. Mein. Hen. Schotani Analy- 
sis et Comment, in Ejnst. Paidli ad 
Philippenses. Franeck., 1737» 4to. 

1045. Ant. Fred. Buschinoii Intro- 
ductio Historico-theologica in Kpst. 
Paulli ad Philippenses. Halae, 1746, 
4to. 

1046. Pauli Apostoli Epistola ad Phi- 
lippenses, Grsece, ex recens. GriesbadL, 
nova Versione Lat et Annot perpetaa 
illustr. a J. G. Am-Endb. Viteb., 1798, 
8vo, 2s. 6d. 

1047. Exposition upon the Einstksof 
S. Paul to the Philippiansi, by L. Rm- 

LBY. 
In the 2d vol. ofThe Fathers of the Clrarck. 

1048. Lectures nwm the Efastk of 
St. Paul to the Philippians, by Heoiy 
Airy, D.D. London, 1618, 4to, 30s. 

A useful Puritan exposition.— Bickcnteck 

1049. Sermons (39) sur TEpfCre vox 
Philippiens, par Jean Daillb. Pkris, 
1644, 8vo, 4 vols., lOs. 

Daill6*8 Sermons aie sdll h^ in Ufb eiti- 
mation. (1.) Sermons (13) sur les id «i it 
Chap, de PEpitre auz PhikppieiM, par Jen 
D;iiLLE. Paris, 1647, sm. 8vo, 4$. 6d. 

1050. Brief EnKMition of the Epirtlei 
of Paul to the Philippians and tobt- 
sians, by James Fbrguson. Edinb^ 
1656, sm. 8vo, 7s. 6d. 

Ferguson's expositions are uacoinmos seui* 
ble, and dirolay very considerable empaekf bt 
exphiininir the Bible.— Orme. 

1051. Expository Lectures on St. 
Paul's Epistle to the Philippians, by the 
Rev. John Acastbr. London, 1827, 
8vo, 7s. 6d. 

1052. Ck)mmentar ikber den Brief 
Pauli an diePhilipper, von F. H. Rhbiit- 
WALD, mit Vorwort von A. Nbandbb. 
Berlin, 1827, 8vo, 4s. 6d. 

1053. Lectures, explan. and practical, 
on the Epistle of St. Paul to the Phihp- 
nians, by Manton Eastbukn, MA 
New York, 1833, 8vo. 

1054. The Church at PhiHppi, or the 
Doctrines and Conduct of toe Barif 
Christians illustrated, by H. S. Batnesi 



269 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



270 



widi a rooomm. IntitxL by J. P. Smith, 
D.D. London, 1834, 12mo. 55. 

Intended to serve m a histor. oommenU upon 
Sc Panrs Epistle to the Philippians. 

*/ The Ker. E. Bickenteth abo refen to 
Biathis, Mttseuhi*, Zanchius, Luther. 

1055. Coloesians. — P. Mblanctho- 
vif Sdiolia in Epiit IHiali ad Coloa- 
•enaes. 1545.12mo, 4s. 

MelucdMMi's Commentary on the Epistle 
totfae CnlnwinF wm a peculiar fiitTourite with 



1056. Rob. RoLLOCi Comment, in 
J^ift ad Colossenaes. Edinb., 1600. 

Bqninted Genevs, 1602, 8vo, 3<. 6d, 

1057. Ezpodtio Epistolse D. Pauli ad 
Odonensesper Joannem [Davenant], 
Epiac. Sariab. dictate. Cant., 1630, fol., 
14f. 

A rerjr excellent work, ^I of valuable eluci* 
dtton.— Bickefsteth. Davenant's Exposition is 
viloahle, not as a book for continuous perusal, 
bat •• a work of reference, in which the reader 
«31 find most crf'the disputed points of the Pa- 
pistical, Calvinistic, and some minor contro- 
venies treated with great acuteness, learning, 
tad jad^ment.'— Eclectic Review. ( 1.) An 
Exposition of the Epistle of St. Paul to the 
CouMiaos by John Davenakt, Bp. of Salis* 
bwy, originaOy delivered in a series of Lectures 
benre the Univ. of Cambridge, transl. from 
the Latia, with a life of the Author, and Notes 
iUwtiative of the Writers and Authorities re- 
fiened to in the work, by Josiah Allport, [a 
CalviatBticl Minister of St James's, Birnung- 
bsB : to the whole is added a Translation of 
Dii ilaai o de Morte Christi. by the same Pre- 
late, and a Portrait. London, 1831-2, 8vo, 2 
vok, pah. at 28s. An accurate and faithful 
tTiiiiniuu ably edited, with a copious index. 
It ii uaquestioDably one of the best theological 
productions of the present century. 

105S. J. H. SuicBRi Epiat. ad Co- 
kMs. Comment. Critico-exegeticus, cum 
Effigie. Tigtiri, 1699, 4to, 6#. 

' Dixit iDe multa, ouc ab aliis interpretibus 
Doa dicta snnC~ Walch. 

1059. H. A. RoBLL Epist. Pauli ad 
Cobaaenses Exegesis. Txaj., 1731, 4to, 
lOf. 

1060. Conunentarr on the Epistle to 
tbe Colosaians, by Tho. Cartwrioht. 
London, 1612, 4to, 7«?6d. 

1061. Expontion of the Emstle of St. 
Pinl to the Colossians, by Edward El- 
Tov, B.l), London, 1615, 4to, \2s. 

On the same plan as his work on Romans, 
vii4x, and of simUar character.— Williams. It 
ksi niuch spiritual instruction, says the Rev. E. 
Bickerstcth. (1.) An Edition. London, 1620, 
feL, 12i. (2.) Another. London, 1637, fol., 

1062. Exposition upon the Epistle to 



the Colossians, by Nach. Bypibld. Lon- 
don, 1615, fol., lOs, 6d. 

This exposition, the 'substance of neare 
seven years weeke-dayes sermons,* according to 
Dr. Williams ' is full of good sense and spiritual 
savour, and abounds with pertinent citations of 
Scripture, without any pretenaons to oratorical 
drees.' It has much spiritual instruction, says 
the Rev. E. Bickersteth. Reprinted London, 
1627, foL,21«., and London, 1649, fol.,21«. 

1063. England faithfidly watched in 
her Wounds, in Sennons on the first 
Chapter of the Colossians, by Nic. 
LocKYBR. London, 1646, 4to, 7s, 

1064. Sennons surTEpttre aux Co- 
lossiens, par Jean Daillb. Geneve, 
1662, sm. 8vo. 3 vols, I2s. 

Daill^'s Sermons are much esteemed. (1.) 
Forty-nine Sermons on the Episde to the 
Colossians, transl. from the French of John 
Daille, by F. S., with a Preface by John 
Owen, D.I). London, 1672, fol., 16i. An 
indifferent translation. 

1065. Paraphrase and Notes on the 
Epistles of S. Paul to the Colossians, 8cc 
by the Rev. Ja. Pbircb. 

See coL 252, no. 937. 

1066. Familiar Expos, and Applic. of 
the Epistle of St. Paul to the Colossians, 
by Thomas Gisbornb, M.A. London, 
1816, sm. 8yo, Zs, 6d. 

This useful little vol. consists of a course of 
eight sermons, including an examination of the 
general nature and use of the epistles of the 
N.T. According to Orme, Gisbome's expos, 
'embodies an evangelical spirit, and affords 
some excellent illustrations both of the doctrine 
and general influence of the Gospel.' 

1067. Histoiisch-kritischer und philo- 
log. Commentar fiber den Brief Pauli an 
die Colosser, von F. Junker. Mannh.,. 
1828, Svo, 4s. 6d. 

1068. Commentar Uber den Brief 
Pauli an die Kolosser mit steter Beruck- 
sichtigung der alteren und neuem Aus- 
leger, von K. C. W. F. Bahr. Basely 
1833, 8to, 7t. 

1069. Discourses, practical and exper.* 

on the Epistle to the Colossians, by 

I'homas Watson, B.A. London, 1834, 

8T0, pub. at lOs. 6d. 

*«* The Rev. E. Bickenteth also refers to 
Musculus, Zanchius, Bugenhagius. 

1070. 1 and 2 Thessalonians. — Rob. 
RoLLOCi Comment, in utramque Epist. 
ad Thessalonicenses, et Analysis in Epist. 
ad Philemonem, cum Notis Jo. Pisca- 
TORis. Edinb., 1598, sm. 8vo, 7s. 6d. 

Reprinted Herb. Nassov., 1601. 

1073. Jo. Alph. TuRRBTiNi Com- 



an 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



S72 



ment. theoretico-practicus in Epist D. 
Pauli ad Thessalonicenfles. Basil., 1739> 

8vo. . . 

Also in the collective edition of Turretin's 

works. 

1074. The Greek of the First Epistle 
of S. Paul to the Thessalonians, explained 
by John Phillips. London, 1751, 4to, 

5«. 

< Wherein the etymology of the most difficult 
words is given ; the verbs noted in their various 
moods and tenses ; the metaphors carefully ex- 
plained : and the whole illustrated with cntical 
and explanatory notes.' 

1075. Pauli Epistolss ad Thessaloni- 
eenses, recensuit, Veterum Recentiorum- 
que Notas selectas congessit, suasque 
adjecit F. Schlbibrmachkb. BeroL, 
1823, 8vo. 

1076. Pauli Epistola ad Thessaloni- 
censes perpetuo illustr. Comment, et 
copios. Expositionum e Patribus Ecde- 
siae collect, instnix. delectu, a LudoT. 
Pblt. Gryph., 1830, 8vo, 6*. 

Pelt, says Dr. Bloomfield, is a ' learned and 
judicious' commentator. 

1077. Epistolae PauK ad Thessaloni- 
censes et Galatas, Textum Gr. recogn. 
et Comment. perp.iUustr. H. A. Schott. 
Lips., 1834, 8vo, 16#. 

1078. Expontion upon the Two 
EpisUes of S. Paul to the Thessalonians, 
by John Jbwbll, Bishop of Salisbury. 

This valuable commentary will be found m 
the folio edition of Bishop Jewel's Works, and 
also in the seventh volume of the Fathers of the 
English Church. (1.) An Edition. London, 
1811, 8vo,6s. It is, says the Rev. E. Bicker- 
steth, ' eloquent and evangelical.' 

1079. Exposition, with Notes, upon 
the First Epistle to the Thessalonians, 
by William Sclatbb, B.D. London, 

l619M^to, 7*. 6rf. 

A puritan exposition. (1.) Exposition, with 
Notes, on the Second Epistle to the Thessalo- 
nians, with three Sermons, by W. ScLATsa, 
B.D. London. 1629, 4to, 7«. 6d. 

1080. Plaine Exposition upon the 
First Part of the 2d Cnapter of S. Paul his 
Second Epistle to the Thessalonians, by 
JohnSQUiRB. London, 1630, 4to. 7«. 6ci. 

In this * it is plainly proved that the Pope is 
the Antichrist' 



1081. Mount Pisjfah, or a Prospect of 
Heaven ; being an ^position of 1 Thes- 
salonians, chap. 4, by Thomas Casb. 
London, 1670, 4to, 4#. 6d, 

1082. Brief Exposition of the Fu^t 
and Second Epistles of Paul to the 



Thessalonians, by James Fbequbom. 
London, 1674, sm. 8vo, 6#. 
See col. 268, no. 1050. 

1083. E^hteen Sermons on the 2d 
Ch. of the 2d Epistle to the Thesatlo- 
nians, by Thomas M anton, D.D. Lon- 
don, 1679, 4to, 10». 

In this is contained tiie description, rise, 
growth, and flBdl of Antichrist 

*«* The Rev. £. Bickersteth abo rein to 
Origen ; and to Zanchius, Zmnghos. 

1084. Timothy. — ^P. Mblancthokis 
Enarratio Epistolee Prions ad Timothe- 
um. Witemb., 1561, 12mo, 2s, 6d. 

1085. Des. Erasmi Paraphrases in 
Epist. Pauli ad Timotheum et ad Plule- 
monem. BasiL, 1520, 4to, 5^. 

1086. Lamb. Danai in D. Ptaili pri- 

orem Epist. ad Timotheum Comments- 

rius. 
Inhis woriLS. 

1087. Exposition of the Ist and 2d 
Chapters of the 2d Efustle to Timothy; 
to which are added Sermons on varioits 
Occasions, by John Barlow. Lon- 
don, 1632, foL, 20s, 

A puritan exposition. 

1088. Practical Commentary upon the 

3d and4thChiq>ters of the Second Epistk 

to Timotiiy, by Thomas Hall.. London, 

1658, fol., 24s, 

This is recommended hy Calamy, whose m- 
primatur it beers, as ' both elaborate and j«£- 
cious.' The author was minister of Kuf^i 
Norton, in Worcestershire, and Calamy mim, 
that this ' Commentary is tiie sum of oi^ 30 
years' study.' 

1089. Critical Dissertation upon I 
Tim., iii, 16, by John Bbrriman. 

London, 1741, 8vo. 

The substance of eight serrooos preadied si 
the Lady Meyer's Lecture, in 1737-41. 

1090. Erklftrung der beiden Bricfen 
Pauli an den Timotheum, von J. L. S. 
M08HBIM. Hamb., 1755, 4to, 9s, 

1091. Uber den Soffenannten entra 
Brief des Paulus an den Timothy too 
F.' ScHLBJERMACHBB. BerL, 1S07» 

8vo, 4s. 6rf. 

•*• The Rev. E. Bickersteth also refen to 
Muscnlus, Bugenhagius, Luther. 

1092. Titus. — Claudii Espbhosi, 
TheoL Paris., in Epist. Pauli ad Titnm 
Commentarius. Paris., 1567» sm. 8to, 
6s. 



1093. Commentary on the Episti6 of 
Saint Paul written to Titus, by Thomas 
Taylor. Cambridge, 1613, 4to, ISt. 



273 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



274 



* Hie productkNi of a sound and able divine, 
■od a very perfect preacher.'— Dr. £. Williams. 
It ii^ in tbe opinicHi of the Rev. £. Bickersteth, 
'praeliea] and naeluL' (1.) An Edition, with 
• Portrait hrCron. London, 1658. foL, 20f. 

%* The Rev. E. Bickertteth refers also to 
Scattetas. 

1094. Philemon. — Lamb. Danai in 
Epist Fuili ad Fhilemonem Commenta- 
lim. 

In his works. 

(I.) Rob. RoLLoci Analysis in Epist ad 
Phdeoionem. See coL 270, no. 1070. 

(1.) Hug. GRom Annotata in Epist Pauli 
•d Philenic«>enu At the end of his treatise ' de 
Jure Belfi ac Pads.' 

1095. Hen. Hummblii Explanatio 
Epistole Pauli ad Philemonem. Ti«nm, 
1670. foL 

1096. Panli ad Philemonem Epistola, 
Gr. et Lat., illnstrata a Lebr. Gottl. 
ScHMiDio. lipda, 1786, 8vo, 2*. 

1097. Commentary on Philemon, by 
W. Attbiwoll. London, 1612, fol., 
lii. 

Beprinted 1633, folio, \2$, 

1098. Exposition of Philemon, by 
But Dtcb, B.D. ^ndon, 1618, 4to, 

Reprinted, 163 , 4to. 

1099. Commentary upon Philemon 
and Hebrews, by W. Jonbs, D.D., of 
Bergbdt London, 1635, fol., lOs. 6rf 

1100. Ptol, Philemen, and Onesimus, 
or Christian Brotherhood, by Thomas 
Pabby, Prebendary of Antigua. Lon- 
don, 1834, l2mo,2«. 

A mactical exposition of St. Panl's Epistle 

to Ptalenjon, a^licable to the present crisis of 

Weit Indian afiirs, in a discourse preached in 

StJohn's Church. Anti^rua, Dec. 29, 1833 ; 

J« in appendix containing remarks on~l, 

Kmeition of the Poor ; 2, Relief of the Desti- 
tale. 

„%• The Rev. E. Bickersteth refers also to 
B*utiBB, Scoltetus. 

1101. Hebrews — Commentarieof John 
Caltin on the Epistle to the Hebrewes, 
^wmI by Clement Cotton. London, 
1605, 4to, 10*. 6d. 

. 1103. And. Gcr. Hipbrii Comment, 
ad Hebneos. Hg., 1584. 



1103. Rob. RoLLOCi Comment, in 
^Rstolam ad Hebrseos. Edinb., 1606, 
•m. 8TO, 79. 6J. 

1104. Abr. ScuLTBTi in Epist. ad 
nebraos Concionum Ide«. Francof., 
1634. 4to, 4#. 6d. 



1105. Lud. de Tbna aliorumque 
Comment, et Disput. in Epist. Pauli ad 
Hebrseos, cum variis annexis Tractatibus 
phiblogico-exegeticis. Lond., 1661, fol., 
12*. 

1106. Jo. Braunii Comment, in 
Epist. ad Hebrseos. Amst., 1705, 4to, 
7s. 6d. 

Walch biflrhly commends this work, at the 
end of which is a dissertation on the eternal 
generation of the Son of God. The commen- 
tary, in the opinion of Carpzov, is one of the 
best ever edited. 

1107. Jo. Ben. Carpzovii Exerc. in 
Pauli Epist. ad Hebrseos, ex Philone 
Alexandrino, prsefixa sunt Philoniana 
Prolegomena. Helmstadii, 1750, 8vo, 
6s. 

* The author ig thought to have thrown con- 
siderable ligrht on that epistle.*— Orme. Accord- 
ing to the llev. T. H. Home, the work is of 
singrular utility in explaining the phraseology of 
St. PauFs EpisUe to the Hebrews. 

1108. Jo. Ratblbandi Comment, 
in Epist. Pauli ad Hebraeos. Franeq., 
1 769, 4to, 6s, 

1 109. P. Abbbsch Parap. et Annot. 
in Epist. ad Hebrseos. Lug. Bat., 
1786-7, 8vo, 3 vols., 9*. 

1110. Jo. Aug. Ernebti Lectiones 
Acad, in Epist. ad Hebrssos, cum ejus- 
dem Excurs. theol., edi<^t. Comments- 
rium adjecit Gotl. Imm. Dindorf. 
Lipsise, 1815, roy. 8vo. 

Professor Stuart characterises these academic 
lectures as ' a book of real worth in a critical 
respect, although not executed with much taste 
as to form and matter. I have found in it more 
to my purpose, than in any other of the com- 
mentaries which I have consulted.' 

1111. De Epbtolae quse dicitiu* ad 

Hebrseos Indole maxime peculiari Li- 

brum composuit Tr. Aug. Sbyfparth. 

lipsise, 1821, 8vo, Zs. 6d. 

Seyffarth attempts to disprove the Pauline 
origin of this epistle. H is hypothesis is ably re- 
futed by Stuart in his commentary. 

1112. Epistola ad Hebneos, Lat. ver- 
tit atque Comment, perpetuo instnixit 
Ch. ¥t. Boehmb. Lips., 1825, 8vo. 
14«. 

1113. Petri Hoffslede de Groot Dis- 
putatio, qua Epistola ad Hebrseos cum 
Paulinis Epistolis comparatur. Traj. ad 
Rhen., 1826, 8vo. 

A valuable little work. 

1114. Chr. Theoph. Kuinobl Com- 
mentarius in Epistolam ad Hebneos. 
Lipsise. 1831, 8 vo, 10*. 

T 



275 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



«7i 



This, accordinpr to Prof. Stuart, is the best 
critical exphmation of the epistle, that of £r- 
nesti by Dindorf, excepted. 

1115. Yindiciae Originis Paulinse ad 
Hebrasos Epistolae. nova ratione tentatse 
a Frid. Christ. Gblpkb. Lug. Bat., 
1832, 8vo, 6s. 

The object of this disquisitioD, says the Rev. 
T. H. Home, is to prove the Pauline origin of 
tiie Epistle to the Hebrews from the coincidence 
of sentiments and expressions which the author 
conceives he has found b^ween the Epistle and 
some of Seneca's writings. 

Dr. Bloomfield's notes on the Epistle to the 
Hebrews, in bis valuable edition of the Greek 
Testament, are, in the opinion of Prof. Stuart, 
' 8 good summary of what has been done to 
illustrate the Epime, and also contain valuable 
remarks that are original.* 

1116. Short Explanation of the Epis- 
tle of Paul to the Hebrews, by David 
Dickson. Aberd., 1635, 12mo. 

This work is not so satisfactory as that on the 
Psalms. — Orme. (1.) An Edition. Cambrid^, 
1649, sm. Bvo, 5s. Dickson's Exposition is m- 
cluded in his Analytical Expos, ot all the Epis« 
ties. See col. 251, no. 932. 

1117. The Expiation of a Sinner, in a 
Commentary upon the Epistle to the 
Hebrews [by George Lushinoton]. 
London, 1646, fol., I2s. 

To the imprimatur is affixed the name of Geo. 
Downame, and the pre&ce is signed G. M. 

1118. Paraphrase sur I'Epistre de S. 
Paul aux Hehreux, par A. Godbau, 
Eveque de Grasse. Paris, 1651, 12mo, 
4s. 6d. 

In some estimation. (1.) Elevations to Jesus 
Christ ; being Meditations on St. Paul's Epistle 
to the Hebrews, from the French of A. Godeau. 
London, 1715, 12mo, 2f. 

1119. Commentarie on the Epbtle to 
the Hebrews, by William Gouge, D.D., 
with a Narrative of the Life and Death 
of the Author by Thos. Gougb, and a 
Portrait. Lond., 1655, fol., 2 vols., 63s. 

* A very full, evangelical, and practioU com- 
mentary.' — Bickersteth. Gouge, says Leigli, 
was a learned and pious divine and a ^rood text- 
roan : he was counted (whilst he lived) the 
fiither of the London ministers. 

1120. Exposition of the Epistle to the 

Hebrews, by George Lawson. London, 

1662, fol., lOf. 6d. 

' Full of divisions and useful matter. Lawson 
was an original writer.' — Bickersteth. 

1121. Exposition of the Epistle of St. 
Paul to the Hebrews, with prelim. Exer- 
citations, by John Owen, D.D. Lon- 
don, 1668-74, fol., 4 vols., 5/. 

The most valuable exposition of this epistle 
ever published. The preliminary exercitations 



supply an immense mass of learned infermatioa 
on sill the important points of the Jewish god- 
troversy. ' The exposition itself, thoujgh prolix,' 
says Orme, 'is not tiresome, and iudtaoBtlr 
combines criticism, expositkm, and praotiQU 
instruction.' It is, saya the Rev. £. Bidienietk, 
' an exceedingly valuable, critical, and prtdi- 
cal work.' (1.) Second Edition, oomc ted , 
with the Author's Treatise on the Sabbath, tad 
Indexes. Ediob., 1812-4, 8vo, 7 vols., 73t.6dL; 
roy. paper, 5/. Best edition. (2.) An Eno- 
sition . . revised and abridged, with a uk 
of the Author, &c., by Edwud Wnxum, 
D.D., and a Portrait. London, 1790, 8to, 4 
vols. A second edition appeared in 1815. 8to, 
4 vols., 30s. This abridgment is remaitab^ 
well executed. For unlearned Christians it ■ 
better than the original, and quite saffideotSor 
the generality of students. 

1122. Sermons (23) sur le xii chap, 
de TEpttre aux H^reox, avec un sur le 
ziii chap., par Jean Daillb. Groi^ 
1672, 8vo, 4s. 6d. 

1123. Sixty-six Sermons on the 
eleventh Chap, of the Hebrews, by 
Thomas Manton, D.D. 

In his collective works. 

1124. Sermons sm* I'Epitre anx H^ 
breux par Jean Mbbtbbzat. Charen* 
ton et Geneve, l689-98,8vo, 5 vols. 

Cobbln observes 'there are no sennoosdHt 
contain a more sublime theology than those of 
Mestrezat on the Hebrews.' 

1125. L'Excellence de la Foi et de 
ses Effets, en XX Sermons sur le xi 
Chapitre de I'Epitre aux HAreox, pir 
David Martin. Amst., 1710, cm. 8vo, 
2 vols., 7s. 

Cobbin observes ' the subjects of Maitu't 
sermons are important*, and doctrine, expe- 
rience, and practice, are admirably blended 
togrether.' 

1 126. Exposition of the Epistle to the 
Hebrews, by Robert Duncan, Minister 
of the Gospel. Edinb., 1731, 8vo, 10s. 

It may be considered rather as an abtidipieBt 
of Owen on the Hebrews, than as an cngint) 
work.— Orme. 

1127. Ja. Peircb PBnuphnsii et 
Notse Philol. in Epist. ad Hebrsoe, Lat 
vertit et soas Observ. adjecit J. D. 
MiCHABLis. Halte, 1747> 4to, 4s. 6d.^ 

The original forms a portion of the woris 
noticed col. 252, no. 987. ' Some of the teotl- 
ments differ widely from those of Owen, and 
are such as ought to be examined with great 
caution ; but the work, as a whole, exoeedi any 
EngliBh commentary which I have read. The 
author has a great deal of acuteoess, and ii by 
no means wanting in regard to a tact for criti- 
cism.*— Prot Stuart. 

1128. Paraphrase and Notes upon tike 
Epistle to the Hebrews, by Arthur 



J 



177 



BIBUCAL COMMENTARIES. 



278 



Aahkv Stkbs, D.D. Lond., 1765> 4to, 

Dr. Syket was an Arian. In bis azposition 
ke djilodes and opposes the doctrines of the 
4dty and Ktonement of Christ The work indi- 
mkB both learninir uid ingenuity. — Onne. 
(L) A Crit Eznm. of Dr. Sykes' Notes upon 
tte Epistle to the Hebrews, by AlethophOos. 
London, 1756, 4to, 2#. 6d. 

1139. New Tranalation of St Paul's 
Epistle to the Hebrews, with explanatory 
^otes, by the Rev. Sam. H ardt. Lond.« 
1783, 8TO, 2m. 

*SsnM of the alterations from the common 
tnulstion are rather free-~the notes are short, 
«d the doctrine cnthodox.' — Onne. 

1130. Four Lectures on the Epistles 
of St Pkul to die Hebrews, by the Rev. 
WiDiain Jonks, of Nayland. 

These excellent lectures will be found in the 
Re?. W. Jones* Works. They shew * the 
Ittnnony between die mysteries, doctrines, and 
aenfity of the O. and N. T.' 

1131. Fkraphrase and Commentary 
on the Ep. to tne Hebrews, by Archibald 
Maclsak. London, 1819» 8vo, 2 vob., 
pob. at 18#. 

*A indidoas and holy work, on a smaller 
■eale dian Owen's.' — Bickersteth. In a review 
0f the paraphrase, Orme observes ' We are 
annitated with no expository work in our 
bamge, which, within so small a compass, 
oootsioB so mvch valuable matter, and truly 
scrifAoral illustration. It is not a work of ima- 
giaatioD, but of judgment' ' One of the best 
ptrtphrases and commentaries on any book of 
the N. T.. in the English language^ is that by 
Aidubald M'Lean upon the Epistle to the 
Hebrewiy which includes a new htenl transla- 
tioa, ioteispersed with connecting and explana- 
tory Mnplements, less diffuse than those of Dr. 
Doddndge, but which might in most cases be 
'uiKneded by expressive translation.' — Eclectic 
Review for 1832. (1.) An Edition. Edinb 
1811-7, 12mo, 2 vds., 7«. It is likewise found i 
Mielesn's collective works. 



m 



1133. Pauli Brief an die Hebraer Er- 
bnt Ton 6. C. Storr. lips., 1809, 

1133. Epitre aux H^reux, divis^e 
d'nr^les Mati^res. Geneve, 1824, 8vo. 

itk vol. also contains 'des sommaires indi- 
9*u> h oontenu et I'objet de chaque division 
<t soas<livision, des notes, des intercalations 
I entremM^ an t(§xte. 



1134. Commentary on the Epistle to 
4e Hebrews, by Moses Stuart, Pro- 
cessor of Sacred Literature. Andover 
[Massichussetts], 1827, 8vo, 2 vols., 
lOf. 

^Profound philology and true piety happily 

"^"^•'—biekeraleth. It is a most valuable 

to biblical literature, but by no means 



deserving of the high pimise bestowed on it by 
an American reviewer, that ' no critical work 
on any portion of the sacred writings, has ever 
appeared in the English language, that will 
sustain a comparison with die present volumes.' 
The preliminarv matter in reply to the objec- 
tions raised by German criticism, and in proof 
that the Epistle was written !to the Hebrews, 
and written by St Paul, is considered excellent 
and conclufflve. ( 1 . ) An Edition, e^ted by Eben. 
Hendbbson, Doct Philos. London, 1828, 8 vo, 
2 vols.. 9t. (2.) Second Edition, corrected 
and enlarged. Andover, 1833, 8vo, in 1 voL, 
149. Reprinted at London, 1833, &c., 8vo, 8s. 

1135. Literal Translation of St Paul's 
Epistle to the Hebrews, from the Greek, 
with copious eicplanatory notes, bv the 
Rev. George Vaughan Sampson, M.A. 
London, 1828, Svo, 7s. 6d. 

A posthumous publication, edited by the 
author s son. 

1136. Ausleffunff des Briefes an die 
Hebraer, von H. Rlrb. Mainz, 1833, 
8V0, 5#. 

1137. Des Apostels Paulus Ermah- 
nungs-Schreiben an die Hebraer-Chris- 
ten, von H. E. G. Paulus. Heidelb., 
1833, 8vo, 7s. 6d. 

1138. The Apostleship and Priesthood 
of Christ, by Thos. Parry, Archd. of 
Antigua. London, 1834, 12mo, pub. at 
6s. 6d. 

A practical exposition of St Paul's Epistle 
to the Hebrews, m a series of lectures, with an 
appendix, containing a tabular analysis of the 
epistle, &c 

1139* Hone Hebraicae; an Attempt 
to discover how the Argument of the 
Epistle to the Hebrews must have 
been understood by those therein ad- 
dressed, with Appendices on Messiah's 
Kingdom, See, &c., by George, Viscount 
Mandevillr. Lond., 1835, roy. 8vo, 

pp. 568, pub. at 16#. 

An erudite and elaborate work, which in- 
cludes only the first four chapters of the Epis- 
tle to the Hebrews. Lord Mandeville's object 
is to establish supra- lapsarian Calvinism and 
themillennarian notion of Christ's personal reign 
upon earth. It has been pronounced to be ' an 
admirable specimen of true scripture exposi- 
tion ;' and the Rev. E. Bickersteth observes 
that it displays^ ' much IcAming and piety, but 
is wantbg in discriminating application.' 

1 140. Kommentar zum Briefe an die 
Hebr&er, von A. Tholuck. Hamburg, 
1836, 8vo, 7s. 6d. 

1141. The Apostolical Authority of 

the Epistle to the Hebrews, by the Rev. 

Charles Forstbr. London, 1838, Svo, 

pub. at 2\s. 
An able, learned, and laborious inquiry, in 



279 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



380 



which the received title of the Greek Epistle is 
vindicated agraiost the cavils of objectors, an- 
cient and modem, from Origen to Michaelis, 
chiefly npon grounds hitherto unnoticed ; com- 
prising a comparative analysis of the style and 
structure of this Epistle, and of the undisputed 
EpistJes of St Paul, tencung to throw light upon 
their interpretation. 

1142. The Epistle to the Hebrews, a 
New Translation in Sections, with Mar- 
ginal References and Notes, and an in- 

trod. Syllabus. 12mo, 48. 

Intenaed to fecilitate the devout and profit- 
able perusal of the Epistle, by elucidating its 
scope. 

•-• The Rev. E. Bickersteth refers also to 
ScuTtetus, Hyperius, RoUock. 

1143. Seven Catholic Epistles. — 
(EcuMBKii Expositioin Septem Catho- 
licas Epistolas, Gr. et Lat., opera Jo. 
Hbntbnii. Francof., 1610, 4to. 

1144. Jo. LoRiNi in Catholicas Epis- 
tolas Ckimmentarii. Lugd., 1619> loL, 
2 vols. 

1145. Epistole Catholicse, Greece, 
perpet. Annot. illustr. a D. T. Pott. 
Gott., 1790, 8vo, 7s. 6d. 

1146. Epistolarum Catholicarum Sep- 
tenarius, Grsece, cum nova Vers. Lat., 
et Schohis gramm. atque criticis, opera 
Jo. Ben. Carpzovii. Halse, 1790, 8vo, 
3*. 6rf. 

An esteemed edition. 

Dr. Storr, in his Opuscula Academica, ii, 
367-415, has a valuable dissertation on the oc- 
casion and design of writiDg the Seven Catho- 
lic Epistles. 

1147. Paraphrase on the Seven Ca- 
tholic Epistles, by Samuel Collet. 
London, 1734, 8vo. 

After the manner of Dr. Clarke's paraphrase 
on the four Evangrelists. 

1148. Die Katholische Briefe neu 
iibersetzt und erldart mit Excursen und 
einleit. Abhandl. von J. G. W. Augusti. 
Lem'go, 1801-8, 8vo, 2 vols., 9s. 

1149. Saint James. — Huld. Zuinglii 
in Epist. Jacobi Expositio. Tiguri, 1533, 
sm. 8vo, is. 

1150. Balth. Pazbs Comment, in 
Epistolam B. Jacobi Apostoli. Ant., 
1617, 4to. 

1151. J. S. Sbmlbri Paraphrasis 
Epist. Jacobi cum Notis et Lat. Transl. 
Veritate. Halae, 1781, sm. 8vo, 3s. 6d. 

Seecol. 210, no.66B. 

1152. Sam. Fred. Nath. Mori Prae- 
lectiones in Jacobi et Petri Epistolas, 



edidit C. A. Don at. lipsis, 1794,8to, 
4«. 6d. 
See coL 210, no. 672. 

1153. Epistols Jacobi atque Petri i, 
cum Vers. German, et Commeiit. Lat 

J. J. HOTTINGBRI. Lips., 1815, 8V0, 
4«. 

1154. Annotatio ad Epist. Jacobi per- 
petua, cum brevi Tractatione Isagogica, 
scripsit Mat. Schrbckenburobb. 
Stuttg., 1832, 8vo. 

1155. Comment, in Epistolam Jacobi 
conscripsit Car. God. UuiL Thbilb. 
Lipsise, 1833, 8vo. 

1156. Exposition upon the Canonical 
Epistle of St. James, m 28 Lecturea, by 
Richard Turnbull. London, I606, 
sm. 4to, I2s. 

This vol. also contains an ezpontioo upon 
S. Jude, in ten sermons, and upon PmIbi xv, 
in four sermons. A former edition upon the 
Epistles of S. James and S. Jude ttppcutd in. 
1591, 8vo, 7«. 

1 1 57. Praxis Theologica, or the Epistle 
of the Apostle St. James resolve^ ex- 
pounded, and preached upon, by way of 
Doctrine and Use, by John Matbb. 
London, 1629> 4to. 

1158. Commentary, with Notes, oo 
the Epistle of James, by Thomas Man- 
ton, D.D. London, 1653, 4to, 7^. 6dL 

A sound and edifying exposition. — Bicker- 
steth. Dr. £. Williams pronounces it to be 
plain, solid, and practical. 

1159. G. Bbnson Paraphrasis et 
Notse philol. et exeg. in Epistolam Ja- 
cobi cum Observ., ed. J. C. Michablis. 
Halse, 1746, 4to, 2s. 6d. 

To this Latin version Michaelis has added 
many valuable notes. In the prefiice by Banm- 
garten, the labours of Locke, Peirce, uid Ben- 
son, are highly extolled. 

1 160. Expos. Lectures on the General 
Epistle of James, by the Rev. B^nard 
Jacobi, of Petershiagen., transl. from 
the German. London, 1838, 12mo. 3f. 

One of the publications of the R^igioos 
Tract Society. 

*«* The Rev. E. Bickersteth refers ako to 
Clemens Alezandrinus. 

1161. I and 2 Peter. — ^A Commmtane 
or Exposition upon the Two Einstles 
General of S. Peter and that of S. Jude, 
gathered out of the Lectures and Preach- 
ings of D. Martin Luthbb, and transl' 
by Thos. Nbwton. London* 1581, 4t^ 
ISs. 



SSI 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



a83 



1163. GuL Ambsii Ezplicatio ana- 
Iftka utmuqoe Epistolie S. Pbtri. 
AmsL, 1635, 4to, 4«. 6d, 

'Amei deduces doctrines and practice with 
moch clearness.' — Bickersteth. His work is not 
t critieal, bat it gvfta, says Orme, a venr ac- 
eorsle aittlTsis of the two epistles, and deduces 
doctrinal obserratioos from every part of them. 
(I.) An Analytical Exposition of both the 
Epvlks of Apostle Peter, illustrated by 
D u c uin e s out ofererj Text, by William Ames, 
D.D. London, 1641, 4to, 6f. Dr. Ames was 
pronouBced by £. Leigh to be ' a judicious and 
nU dhrine.' 

1163. In secnndam S. Petri Apostoli 
Epiatokm Commentarius, aactore Tho. 
Smith, S. T. P. Lond., 1690, 8vo, Ss. 

In his Miscellanea, pp. 177-372. 

1164. J. S. SsMLBRi Paraphrasis in 
Epiiitolat Petri et Jud», com Vetustae 
l^tinc TnoislaUonis Varietate, Notis 
moltis et Prxfatione ad iUustrandam 
oripoem Catholioe Ecdem. Halae, 
1783-4, im. 8vo, 2 vols., 5s. 

SeecoL210,no.66B. 

1165. Expoaition upon the Second 
Bpiide of Peter, by Andrew Symson. 
London, 1632, 4to, 5«. 

1166. Commentary or Exposition 
upon the Second Epistle of Peter, by 
loomas Adams. London, 1633, foL, 

84t. 

The writings of Thomas Adams abound in 
iOoMnCions, many of which are so far fetched 
wd fereifn to those usually employed, that his 
voffcs tre frequently read as much for amuse- 
neot at for instruction. 

1167. Commentanr npon the first 
three chapters of the First Epistle of St. 
Peter, by Nath. Byfibld. London, 

1637, foL, 24s. 

* An excellent puritan exposition.' — Bicker- 
HedL (1.) An Edition. London, 1617, 23, 
6, 410, 3 Tola^ 20t. 

1168. On Effectual Calling and Elec- 
tioo, in XVI Sermons on 2 Peter, by 
(^listopher Lotx, with Portrait Lon- 
don, 1653, 4to, 5#. 

1169. Brief Exposition of the First 

tad Secosid Epistles General of Peter, 

hj Alexander rfiSBST, Minister of Ir- 

vme. Lond, 1658, 8vo. 

'This work abounds with correct and whole- 
•one expoaition of the dirine oracles.'— Orme. 
h is, says Bickersteth, 'a brief and sound ex- 
|>hnsti«iof 



1170. Practical Commentary npon 

the First Epistle of St. Peter, by Robert 

I LsiOBTON, Abp. of Glasgow. 8to, 2 

I TOls., 12#. 



Numerous editiona. ' Leigfaton'i praise is in 
all the churches.'— Bickersteth. His common- 
tarr'is very practical, and at the same time 
richly evangelical in principle ; and the style is 
full of unction.' Orme observes. 'Penmpe 
there is no expository work in tne £ngliiih 
language equal altogether to the exposition of 
Peter. It is rich in evaogelical sentiment and 
exalted devotion,' &c (h) A Practical Com- 
mentary . . . and otner Expository Works, 
with a Memoir of Abp. Leighton, by Geoorge 
JsRMENT, D.D., and a Portrait. 8vo, 2 vols., 
pub.at 18i. (2.) Another Edition, with a Life of 
the Author, by the Rev. J. N. Psabson, and a 
Portrait 8vo, 2 vols., pub. at 18s., or in 1 voL, 
at I0s.6d, (3.) An Edition. 18mo, 2vo1b., 
6f., roy. paper, 7s. Published by the ReUnous 
Tract Society. (4.) An Abridgment of Abp. 
Leighton's Commentary on St. Peter, by the 
Rev. C. Bradley. London, 1821, ]2mo, 
4$.6d, 

1171. Scriptural Conunentary of tbe 
First Evdstle General of Peter; with an 
Appenoix, concerning tbe profitable 
Reading of Scripture, oy the Kev. J. £. 
Riddle. London, 1835, 8vo, 4«. 

1172. If 2, and 3 John. — D. Aur. 
AuousTiNi, Episc. Hipix>n., Ezpoeitio 

in Johannis Epistolam primam. 

In his works. 

(1.) Mart. LuTBKRi Scholia et Sermones in 
primam Joannis Epistolam, atque Annot in 
Epist. Pauli ad Timoth. et Titum, primum ed. 
P. J. Bruns. Lub., 1797, 8vo, 4s. 

1 1 73. Commentaries of John^CxLViif 
upon the Fii*8t Epistle of Saint John, and 
upon the Epistle of Jude, transl. by W. 
H. London, J. Kyngstone. 18mo, 12tf. 

1174. Epistolse tres Catholicse S. 
Joannis Grsece, Notis illustrats a Leonh. 
Christ. RuHLio. Amst., 1739, 12mo. 

1175. J. S. Sbmlbri Paraphrasis in 
primam Joannis Epistolam, cum Prole- 

Somenis et Ammadversionibus ; accessit 
e Semlero Narratio J. A. NoesseltL 
Riffse, 1792, sm. 8to, 5s. 
^ col. 210, no. 668. 

1176. S. F. N. Mori Prselectiones 

Ezegeticae in tres Joannis Epistolas, 

ctmi nova earundem Paraphrasi Latina, 

cura C. A. Hbmpbl. lipsite, 1797* 

8vo. 

See col. 210, no. 672. One of Prof. Moms' 
Excursus relates to the disputed passage in 
1 John, V. 7, 8. For other treatises respecting* 
that controversy, see ooL 104, no. 54. 

1177. Versio Latina Epistolarum et 
Libri Visorum Joannis Novi Testament!, 
perpetua Annot. illustr. a M. God. Sig. 
lASPis. Editio altera, novis curis emen- 
data et aucta. Lips., 1821, 8vo, 9s. 

. Iaspis*8 vernon is rather a paraphrase. See 
col. 39, no. 13(1.)- 



983 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



2$4 



1178. Exposition of the First Epistle 
of St. John, by William Tyndalb. 

In his works. 

1179. First General Epistle of John 
unfolded and applied by Nath. Hardy. 
London, 1656, 4to, \2s. 

A puritan exposition. 

1180. Believer*s Evidences for Eter- 
nal! Life collected out of the First Epis- 
tle of John, which is Catholique, by 
Francis Robbrts. London, 1655, sm. 
8vo, bs, 

1181. Practical Ckimmentary, or Ex- 
position of the First Epistle of St. John, 
by John Cotton, of New England. 
London, 1658, fol., 1 2s. 

1182. Commentary on the Three 
Epistles of St. John, by Wm. Whiston. 
London, 1719> 8vo, 3s, 6d. 

1183. Commentary upon the first, 
second and third Epistles of Saint John, 
by Thomas Hawkins. London, 1808, 
8yo, 6s. 

1184. Expos, of the First Epistle 
General of John by Sam. E^les Pibrcb, 
with an Introduction by William Horb. 
London, 1835, 8yo, 2 vols., pub. at 20s, 

*«* The Rev. £. Bickersteth refers also to 
Zanchius, Daneus, Gryncus. 

1185. Jude. — Franc. Junii in Epis- 
tolam Judae Apostoli Not®. 

In his works. 

Commentary on the Epistle of St Jude, by 
Martin LuTHxa. See col. 280, no. 1161. 

1186. C. Sibblli in diyinam Judee 
Apostoli Epistolam Condones sacrae. 
Amst. 1631, 4 to, 5s, 

1187. Herm. Witsii Commentarius 

in Epistolam Judce. Lugd. Bat., 1703, 

4to, lOs, 

A learned, elegant, and perspicuous illustra- 
tion.—Rev.T. H. Home. 

1188. Epistola Judee, Grsece, Com- 
ment critico et Annot. p^petua illustr. a 
H. C. A. Habnlbin. Erl., 1799> Svo. 

1189* Collectanea, sive Notse criticae 
et Comment, in Epistolam Judse ; acce- 
dunt de fonte Doctrines et Dictionis 
Judse genere et colore Dissert, dusd, 
auctore M. T. Laurmann. Gron., 
1818, 8vo, 6s, 

1 190. A. JbssIBN de Au^crrfia Epis- 
tolse Judas Commentatio Critica. Lip- 
sise, 1820, 8to, 3s. 6d. 



1191. Expos, upon S. Jade, in ten 
Sermons, by Richara Turnbull. Lon- 
don, 1606. 

See ool. 260, no. 1156. 

1192. Exposition of the Epistle of 
Jude, by William Jbnkin. LoDdoa, 
1652-4, 4tO, 2 vols., 24#. 

Thouffh published nearly at the nine time, 
and with similar riews; ne and Dr. Manton 
are both useful.— Bidcersteth. (1.) An Editioa. 
Glasgow, 1783, 4to, 14f. 

1193. Practical Commentary, or an 
Exposition, with Notes, on the Episde 
of Jude, by Thomas Manton, B.D. 
London, 1658, 4to, lOs, 

Also in his works. This, Vke Manton* 
other worlu, is very valuable. — Backersteth. 

1194. Discourses, explan. and prac- 
tical, on the Epistle of St. Jude, by 
William Muib, D.D. Glasgow, 1822, 

8vo. 

*«* The Rey. £. Bickersteth refers also li> 
Ambroae. 

1195. The Revelation of S. John the 
Divine. 

' The folly of uterpreters has been U> foa/udd 
times and things by this Prophecy, as tf God 
designed to make them prophets. By tfes 
rashness they have not only exposed thrmanlTci. 
but brought the Pnq>hecy also in oontempi.*— 
Sir Isaac Newton. 

(1.) D. Aur. AuousnNi, Epia. Uippoa.. 
Expositio in Johannts Apoodypsin. la hm 
works. 

1196. JoANNis Yiterbienais Gaosst, 
sive Expositio super Apocalypsim. Co> 
Ion., 1507> sm. 8vo, 7s, 6d, 

John of Viterbo. otherwise NannL or Ab< 
nius, flourished in the 15th century. His oob- 
mentary on the Apocalypse applies to the 
Turks. 

1197. ARBTHRiB Expositio in Joan- 
nis Apocalypsin. Veronse, 1532, fol 

' £z diversis sanctorum patrum oommeDta- 
riis coUecta.' 

1198. Ambrosii, Episc. Me£c^ 
super Apocalypsin Expositio. Lute- 
tise, 1554, 4to. 

1199. Hen. Bullinobri in Apo- 
caljrpsin T. Christi revelatam quidem 

g;r Angelum Domini Conciones cm torn 
asil., 1557y fol., \6s. 
Reprinted Tig., 1590. (\,) Sermow upoo 
the Apocalips, transL from the Latin of Heaiy 
BuLUNOER, by John Davs. London, 1561. 
4to. Reprinted 1573. 

1200. Gul. FuLKB Prselectiones ia 
Apocalypsim. Loud., 1573, 4to. 

Fulke IS celebrated as a controvcrsiayst 
(1.) Prelections upon the Revelation of St. 



MS 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



280 



Jokn, by Willkm Fvub, trmnsl. by George 
GTmio. London, T. Purfoote, 1573, 4to, 

1301. Apocalyptis Methodica Analysi 
Argnmentomm P^otisqne ilhistrata a 

Franc JuMO. 

h hit works. (1.) ApocalypeiB : a Com- 
BKBtvie upon the Rerelation of St John, by 
Mr. Fnn. jvhwb, D. D. transl. into English. 
Lowl, 1592, 4to. Reprinted in 1596, 4to, & 
1616, 8to. Junioi, in coi^unction with Tre* 
oelluii, translated the Old Testament into 



1202. Jo. Fox I Eicasmi, seu Medi- 
tatiooes in Sacram Apocalypsin. Lond.^ 
1587, fol. 

1203. Apocalypds Jesa Cbristi Reve- 
bta, i Jo. FooRTHE. Londini^ I597> 
4to, 7s. 6d. 

1204. Apocalypsis Analjrai et Scho- 
His illastrata a Tho. Brightman. 

Fnncof:, I609>4to» 4s. 

Thii work the paritan dirine persuaded him- 
*A(f and others alao^ was written under the 
nfloeDoe of dirine inspiration. The revela* 
tioot of tbejpoendo-prophet were, for a lonv 
tint, rectnfed by certain religionists with 
nek Tcnention, that, after an interval of 
cifbty jcani no leas a dirine than Dr. Henr^ 
Htanond thought it necessary to expose their 
fcUy. a.) In English. Amst., 1611, 4to, 6i. ; 
AiiMt., 1616, 4to, 6f . ; Leyden, 1616, 8vo, 5t, ; 
lflBdoik,1644,4to,7«. 

1205. Day. Pa.rbi in Apocalypmn 
Commentariiia. Heidelb., 1622, 4to. 

Thii re for mer's ezegetical works are still 
cleaned. (1.) A Commentary upon the Re- 
vclatioQ of John, by Darid Farbus., transl. 
ioto English, by — Aunold. Amst., 1644, 

1206. Jac. Laurbktii Patmos, hoc 
Mt Expositio Septem Epistolarum quae 
B. Joannea in Instda Patmo scripsit ad 
Septem Eccletiaa Asis Minoris. Hard. 
Gdd.> 1629, 4to, 6f. 

1907. Jo. Cluvbri Dilaculom Apo- 
cahrpticom. Lubecae, 1647> foL 

rraJMd by Baxter, who thought the millen- 
■inpast, and tibe revelation chiefly fulfilled. 
—BwkcrMeth. 

1208. ClaTis Apocalyptica ex innatis 
et iantit Vinonton Characteribus eruta 
et demonttrata, a Jos. Mbdb. Cant, 
1632, 4to, 7t. 

Mede,8Byt Bp.Hurd, 'surprised the learned 
vorkl with that great desideratum, a key to 
we Revdatioiis,' and the Rer. £. Bickersteth 
«wrTcs that ihe Claris has been 'the chief 
Nde to modem iaterpretadons of this pro- 
P«qr.' (1.) Key to the Revelation, by 



Joseph MxDB, transl. by Richard Moax, with 
a Preface by Twisse. London, 1643, 4to. 6s. 
Reprinted 1650, 4to. (2. ) Clavis Apocalyp- 
tica, or the Key to the Apocalypse, by Jos. 
Meoil B.D. tnuisl. by a Clergyman of the 
Estabushed Church. London, 1831, 12mo. 
(3.) A Key to tlie Apocalypse^ transl. from 
the Latin of the latest Edition of^ the Rev. Jos. 
M EDE, by R . Bransby Cooper, Esq. London, 
18 ,8vo.publ.atl0s.6d. 

(4.) In S. Joannis Apocalypsin Comment. 
Jos. MsDs. Lond., 1644, 4to, 5f. 

(5.) Jos. Medb Opuscula Latina ad Rem 
Apooilypticam fere spectantia. Cantab., 1652, 
4to. 

(6.) Clavis et Commentationes Apocalyp- 
ticae, Opuscula ad Rem Apocalypticam spec- 
tantia, Autore Jos. Meoe. In tne collective 
edition of his works. Mede is universally 
allowed to have led the way to a correct and 
national interpretation of the Apocalypse. He 
first laid open the method of tne Book of Re- 
velation, and led the way to that system of 
interpretation which, in the main, has been 
since adopted by the generality of Protestant 
Commentators. Vitrioga ably discusses and 
refutes some of Mode's interpretations ; so also 
does Dean Woodhouse. 

1209. Jo, Henr. Hbidboobri in 
Joannis Apocalypseos Prophetiam de 
Babylone Magna Diatribe. Lugd. 
Bat., 1687, 4to, 2 vols., 10^. 

Highly praised by Walch. Heidegger is, 
in the estimation of the Rev. £. Bickersteth, 
• a valuable writer.' 

1210. Jo. Marckii in AtK>calyi>8in 
Comment, seu Analysis Ezegetica. 
Amst., 1689, 4to, 6s. 

1211. Jo. Sylviera Comment, in 
Apocalypsim. 1700, fol., 2 vols. 

A learned Romanist. Full details of senti- 
ments of previous writers.~Bicker9teth. 

1212. Camp. Vitrinoa Anacrisis 
Apocalypseos Joannis Apostoli. Franeq., 
1705, 4to, 7*.6rf. 

Bp. Newton pronounces this to be ' one of 
the best interpreters of the Revekuion.' It 
is abo highly commended by Walch. The Rev. 
E. Bickersteth acknowledges it to be a very 
valuable commentary, and observes Dean 
Woodhouse makesgreat use of it (1.) Editio 
altera. Amst., 1719, 4to, 15f. (2.) Idenu 
Leucopetre, 1721, 4to, 15<. 

1213. J. A. Bbnoblius' Introduc- 
tion to his Ejnposition of the Apocalypse, 
with his Preface, &c. transL by John 
RoBBRTSON, M.D. London, 17&7» 8vo, 
4s. 6d. 

Bengelius* Exposition of the Revelation of 
St. John (in German) is hdd in considerable 
estimation bv some who have devoted much 
attention to tne prophecies.— Orme. 

1214. B. S. Crbmbri Commentarii 



287 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



SS8 



in Apocalypsin. Zutpb., \7S7, 4to, 2 
pt8. in 1 vol., Bs, 

Of Cremer, Walch obsenres ' multa tradit, 
qua eroditasunt, ac lectione digna.' 

1215. Apocalypsis revelata; in qua 

deteguntur An^na quse ibi pnedicta 

Bonty et hactenus recondita latuenrnt, 

ab Em. Swbdbnborg. Amst., 1766, 

4to, 7t. 

In i^ute widi the followers of Swedenborg'. 
(I.) The Apocalypee Revealed, now fint 
transl. from the Latin of Emanuel Swsden- 
BOBO. Manchester, 1791, Bvo, 2 vols., lOt. 

1216. On tbe Apocalypse, by Sir J. 

D. MiCHABLIS. 

Bp. Jebb observes^ that the unwarrantable 
&nd well-refuted prejudices of Sir J. D. Mi- 
chael is against the canonical authority of the 
Apocalypse did by no means render nim in- 
sensiblei to the magnificence of its subject, the 
sublimity of its conceptions, or the matchless 
power 01 its language.— See, post, no. 1249. 

1217. Commentarius in Apocalypsin 
Joannis, scripsit Jo. Gotb. Eichhorn. 
Gottinffse, 1791> sm. 8to, 2 vols., I2s. 

The hypothesis of Prof. Eichhom is that the 
Revelation of S. John is a prophetic drama, 
the true subject of which is the spiritual victory 
of Christiamty over Judaism and Paganism. 

1218. Variie Lectiones ad Apocaljrp- 
sin coUectsB et editse ab And. Birch. 
Haunitt, 1800, 8vo, Ss, 

See col. 25, 67 (2.). 

1219. Apocalvpsis, Graece, perpetua 
Annotatione iliustrata, a Jo. Henr. 
Hbinrichs. Gottingae, 1821, 8vo, 2 
vols. 

Dr. Heinrichs considers the Apocalypse as 
ft sacred poem representing the final triumph of 
Christianity over Judaism and Paganism. 

1220. Initium Disputatioms de Libri 
Apocalypseos Arguroento, Sententia, et 
Auctore, publ. exam, submittit Hen. 
Eng. Wbybrs. Lug. Bat., 1828, 4to. 

In this the hypotheses of Grotius, Herder, 
Eichhom, and Heinrichs are discussed. 

1221. Geo. Henr. Aug. Ewaldi 
Commentarius in Apocalypsin Joannis 
ezegeticus et criticus. Laps., 1828, 8vo, 
6s. 

1222. Image of both Churches after 
the Reveladon of S. John the Evangelist, 
by John Balb, Bp. of Ossory. London, 
R. Jugge, 1545, sm. 8vo, 1 5s. 

An exposition or paraphrase with the text 
n.) Another. London, John Wyer, 1550, 
4to, 20s. There are other editions printed in 
sm. 8vo. 

1223. Plaine Discovery of the whole 



Revelation of St. John, set foorth by 
John Napibr, Lurd of Mcfchistoon, 
younger ; whereunto are annexed certiine 
Oracles of Sibylla, affreeing wi^ die 
Revelation, and other Races of Scfip- 
ture. Edinb., Waldegrave, 1593, 4tD, 
lOs. 6d, 

This exposition, dedicated to Jaines, Aam% 
great ingenuity and research, am! on its first ui- 
pearanoe nroduced a great sensatioo, Napier 
considers the Temple, the Throne, and tbe two 
Witnesses, to represent the cbmnefa, rdigioii, 
and the two testaments ; the kingdoms of G«g 
and Maprog to designate the Mohammedaa 
and Papists; the beast with ten boms, tbe Ro. 
man Empire ; that with two, the Roman Pen- 
tiff; and ne fixes the day of judgment for sone 
time * betwixt the yeares of God 1688 and 177a* 
Though it is evident, says Orme, 'that Nanier 
was no prophet, yet considering the period at 
which he wrote, the work is hi|^ly respectable, 
and discovers considerable learning, and pro- 
found research into the meaninr, as wcUti 
great reverence for the word of God.* ({,) 
An Edition. Edinb., 1611, 4to, 6^ (2.) 
Another. London, 1611, 4to, 6^ (a.> Rftk 
Edition. Edinb., 1645, 4to, 6f. The wait hai 
been translated into the French, Dutdi, Ger- 
man, and other languages. 

1223 a. Sermons upon the whole 
Booke of the Revektion, by George 
Gyfford. London, 1599, 4to, 6s. 

See col. 284, no. 1200. 

1224. Exposition de I'Apocalvpe, avec 
la Deduction de THistoire et €hutK>olo> 
gie, par Jean Tapfin. Flening, 1609, 
8vo, 7s. 

1225. A Revelation of the Holj Apo- 
caljrpse, by Hugh Broughton. Loo- 
don, I6l0,4to. 

This exposition or interpretation of tbe Reve> 
lation of S. John will also be found in the 
second tome of Brouffhton*swoi^ Thelearwd 
writer expounds it chiefly of the coimptiou of 
the Church of Rome. 

1226. Commentarie upon the Revela- 
tion of St. John, by Patrick Foebbs, of 
Coirse, Bishop of Aberdeen. Bfiddel> 
burgh, 1613, 4to, 7s. 6d. 

This commentary, says Orme, ' is bnef, hot 
discovers some learning and auention to tbt 
meaning of the Apocalypae.' (1.) Idem.LatineL 
Amst., 1646, 4to. Affixed is a defence of tbe 
calling of the Reformed Ministen: on tbe Ori- 
gin of the Roman Apostacy, and Uie Antsqukr 
of me Reformed Churches. 

1227. Paranhrase upon the Revcl>« 
don of St. John, hy King Jambs thai 
First of England. 

In his works. 

1228. Commentary on the Revelation 



J 



289 



BIBLICAL COMMENTARIES. 



of St John, by Wm. Cowpbr, Bp. of 
Cdloway. London, 1619, wn. 4to, 6$. 
Also rqxrinted in his works. 

1239. Ker of Knowledge for the Open- 

2* J <rf the Secret Mysteries of St. John's 
ystical Revelation, by John Bernard. 
London, 1640, 4to, 7*. 6rf. 

1230. Explication of the Book of 
Berdations, by Wm. Guild, D.D. 
Aberdeen, 1656, 12mo, lOs. 6rf. 

• Very fpintiuiL — Bickenteth. 

1231. Exposition npon the Book of 
(be Reirelation, by Thomas Goodwin. 
D.D. 

inhkwotks, 

1232. Commentary upon the Book of 
tbe Rerelation, by James Durham, 
Mhuster. Edinb., 1658, fol., 16*. 

'Very fpiritual aad evangelical.' — Bicker- 
fj^ Hi* commentary on the ReveUtion, says 
Onie,dispbys • the Taried information of the 
»nter. He shortly interprets the text, endea- 
Tout to point oDt the application of the distinct 
Pfpvaa, and supports his views by historical 
^crenect. He afso occasionally indulges in 
5»jectBfe respectinir the fiiture.' (1.) Other 
MUiooB. Amst. 1660, foL. 16i. ; E<Hnb., 1680, 

J!?'^^5^' '^^' ^J Gksgow. 1764, 
4to. 8fc (%) An Edition, with a Life of the 
A«h«.<Wow.l788,4to.9». (3.) Another. 
Fiftak, 17», 8vo, 2 vols., 8f. 

1233. Exposition of the Revelation of 
St John, by H. More, D.D. London, 
lfi«0,4to,4#.6rf. 

Se« coL 188, no. 502. 

1234. Exposition of the Revelation, 
ijSinrael Cradock, B.D. London, 
>fi9 . 8vo, 5#. 

J^fr»t measure superseded by later and 
■^^^WM. It M ' anti-miUennahan, but 
«*«Welical.'~Bickerstetb. 

1235. Essay on the Revelation of St. 
jwn, so far as concerns the Past and 
^^t Tmies, by Wm. Whiston. 

^^2 ?^^' ^^' ^*- ^'i la*"- Papcr» 6*- 
*^ n • much useful information in this 

^.batfiuKafuL*— Bickersteth. Accordingto 
^J** »V* Partakes largely of the wildness, as 
J^a» the leumin«r of Whiston, and is now of 
•We importance.* (I.) Second Edition. Lon- 
*M744, 4lo, 5s. (2.) Two Treatises-l, a 
>^^5^ of the Hopes of the Jews concern- 
wLS* .^ Redemption; 2, an Answer to 
ntasioos Treatise on the Revelations, by 
TW ^"&.^'^' .London, 1707, 8vo. e/. 
'jjwe vihwWe treatises have not been re- 
pnww With the learned author's other works. 

1236. Book of Re vektion Paraphrased 
^Annotations, by Edward Waple, 
Archd. of Taunton. London, 1 7 1 5, 4to, 



290 

' Some useful hints in this work. He treads 
in the steps of Mede, and holds tlie personal 
coming before the miUennium.'—Bickersteth. 

1237. Perpetual Commentary on the 
Revelation of St. John, with a Prelimi- 
nary Discourse, by Charles Daubuz. 
London, 1720, fol., 42*. 

A most elaborate and valuable work abound- 
mg with learned references, and illustrative 
quotations. (1.) New modelled, abridged, and 
rendered plain to the meanest capacity, by 
Peter LANCASTEa, A. M. London, 1730, 4to, 
24». By many considered the best edition. 
I^ter writers have not failed to avail themselves 
of Daubuz's work. 

1238. Observations on the Apocalypse 

of S. John, by Sir Isaac Newton. 

Seecol.188.no. 605. This * is not an expo- 
sition, so much as hints.' — Williams. It is * a 
very useful work.'— Bickersteth. 

1239. Scripture Preservative ag. Po- 
pery, being a Paraphrase, with Notes, on 
the Revelation of St. John, by Tho. 
Pylb, M.A. London, 1735, 8vo, 45. 

This volume completes the Paraphrase on 
the N. T., after the manner of Dr. Clarke. 
1 he book, savs Orme, * is written with more 
care than Pyle's other Paraphrases, and con- 
tams many good things.' 

1240. Paraphrase and Notes on the 
Revelation of^St. John, by Moses Low- 
man. London, 1737, 4to, 9*. 

An excellent work, highly praised by Dr. 
Doddndge, bimpson, Bp. Tomhne, and others. 
I he author was forty years a dissenting minister 
at Clapham, and died in 1752. According to 
Orme, his work *is a respectable work of the 
same class wiUi Locke, Benson, and Peirce, to 
whose doctrinal sentiments the author was in- 
clined. The notes are few, and not very pro- 
found.* * Lowman labours chiefly to ascertain 
the fulfilment of the Prophecy, in a number of 
interestinflr historic facts.'— Williams. (I.) 
Second Edition. London, 1745, 4to, lOi. 6rf. 
(2.) Other Editions. London, 1791, and 1807, 
8vo, 6#. each. 

1241. Exposition of the Revelations, 
Doctrinal and Practical, by John Gill, 
D.D. London, 1776, 4to, 8s, 

1242. The Revelations, translated, ex- 
amined, and explained throughout, with 
Keys, &c., by William Cooke, Greek 
Prof, at Cambridge. Yarmouth, 1789, 
8vo, 3*. 6d, 

Orme pronounces this work to be ' a very 
useless and trifling performance.' * A writer 
who can discover the Jewish Church in the 
Iliad, and Christianity in the Odyssey, may 
certainly 6nd what he pleases in the Book of 
Revelation.'— Monthly Review. 

1243. Observations on the Prophetic 
Times and Similitudes, as they relate to 

U 



391 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



m 



the Church and the World ; making a 
compendious Explanation of the Book of 
Revelation, by James Purvbs, with 
Plates. Edinb., 1789-93, 8vo, 2 vols., 

108. 

An inffenioua work, oontaining, says Onne, 
' more of ^nuine Chnsdanity than many of the 
books which have been written on this obscure 
portion of the word of God. * 

1244. Commentary on the Revelations, 
by Bryce Johnston, D.D. Edinb., 

1794, 8vo, 2 vols., 10*. 

This work, according to Dr. Williams, is 
well calculated for general use, beiog written 
with great perspicuity, and in a popular prac- 
tical strain. Orme observes ' the exposition is 
distingvished by the good sense and intelligence 
of its author. He considers the last chapters to 
be descriptive of the millennial glory of the 
church, not of its heavenly state.' (1.) Second 
Edition, with a Life of the Author. Edinb., 
1807, 8vo, 2 vols., 14s. 

1245. Reflections sur TApocalypse, 
par £. GiBERT. Guernsey, 1796, 8vb. 

Plain, pious, and practical. The learned 
author has chiefly followed the expositions 
given by Bp. Newton in his Dissert on the 
Prophecies. 

1246. Exposition of the Revelation of 
S. John, by John Mitchell. 1800, 
8vo. 

A new translation. Mitchell professes to 
apply the events that have occurred, to 
the letter and context of the prophecy, in a 
manner more satisfactory than nad been done 
by former commentators. 

1247. Practical Observations on the 
Revelation of St. John, written in 1775 
by the late Mrs. Bowdler. Second 
Edition. Bath, 1800, 12mo, 3s, 6d. 

This edition is much superior to that of 1787, 
which appesjned without the name of the author. 
The work is expressly designed for those who 
have not leisure or inclination to examine the 
prophetical meaning of the apocalypse. 

1248. Commentary on the Revelation 
of S. John, accompanied with historical 
Testimony of its Accomplishment to t^e 
Present Day, by the Rev. E. W. 
Whitakbr. London, 1802, 8vo, 6*. 

This valuable work is an enlar^ edition of a 
View of the Prophecies published in 1795. Orme 
observes ' The attention of the writer is too ex- 
clusively fixed on the papacy and the secular 
aflfairs of the earth. H e declares his belief that 
the coming of the Lord t9 reward every man 
according to his works is at hand.' As an in- 
terpreter, Whitaker has the peculiar merit of 
compelling Gibbon to give testimony to the 
fiilfiuneni of the propheaes. 

1249. The Apocalypse, or Revelation 
of Saint John, translated, with Notes, 
Critical and Explanatory; to which is 
prefixed, a DisserUition on the Divine 



Ori^n of the Book, in answer to tht 
Objections of the late Professor J. D. 
Michaelis, by John Chappel Wood- 
house, Archd. of lichfield. London, 
1806, roy. 8vo, I4t. 

Thu wOTk contains in parallel columns the 
Greek text of Griesbach, the common versioii, 
and the author's own translation. Bp. Hard 
says, ' 7'his is the best book of the kind I hire 
seen. It owes its superiority to two things ; tht 
author's understandmg, for the most part, the 
apocalyptic symbob in a spiritual, not a btoal 
sense ; 2dly, to the care be has taken to fii the 
precise import of those symbols from the on 
made of them by tfaeprophetical,1uMi other wrilars 
of the O. and N. T.' (1.) Annotatiomonlhe 
Apocalypse ; intended as a Sequel to those of 
Mr. Elsley on the Gospels, and of Mr. Pre- 
bendary Slade on the £pistles : and thus to 
compl^ a Series of Comments on the whole 
of the New Testament, for the use of Stode a fc 
in Prophetical Scripture, by J. C. WoonBOCii, 
p.D. London, 1828. 8vo. pub. at 12s. 'Tha 
is an abridgment of (but with additioDS to) 
his former work, which was a new transbtioa, 
with notes. It is full of scriptural ehicidatioo, 
and deserves careful study. —Bickerateth. 

1250. Attempt towards a new Histmr. 
and Polit. Explanation of the Book of 
Revelation, with an Appendix, by Junes 
Brown, D.D. 8vo, 5*. 

1251. Enfflandsafe and trhunphant: 
or, Researcnee into the Apoodyptk 
Little Book and Prophecies^ conne^ed 
and synchronical, oy the Rev. Fi. 
Thruston, M.A. Coventry, 1812, 8vo, 
2 vols., 145. 

1252. £x|>ository Discouraes on the 
Apocalypse, interspersed with Practktl 
Reflections, by the Rev. Andrew Ful- 
ler. Lond., 1815, 8vo, 79- Sd. 

This work is considered inferior to this Bap- 
tist minister's discourses on Genesis. Onw 
observes * for the ex|>06ition of the Apocalypae. 
he had neither sufficient reading nor icianri^' 



1253. The Revelation of St. Joha 
Elucidated, with some Intimations con- 
cerning the Predictions aboat to be 
accomplished, and an Dlustratioo of the 
New Jerusalem, and certain Portions of 
Daniel and Esekiel, by the Rev. J. I. 
HoLMBS. Lond., 1815, 8vo, 2 vols.. 

Published at 21<. (1.) Postscript to the 
Elucidation, by the Rev. James Ivory Hofaneft. 
8vo, If. (2.) The FulBlment of the Revela- 
tion of St John Displayed, from the Coa- 
mencement of the Prophecy, AJ). 96, to the 
Battle of Waterloo, A.D. 1815; containiiw t 
Refutation of the Systems maintained by Mr. 
Faber, Mr. Cuninghame^ and the Ronan Ca- 
tholic Author. Pastorini, m their Interpretatiooi 
of this Prophecy, by the Rev. James Ivorf^ 
Ho;.MES, M»A. 8vo, 4<. 



193 



BIBUCAL COMMENTARIES. 



294 



1254. The Proi^etic Histoiy of the 
QuiituD Revelation Explained, or a 
Brief Ezpoahion of the Revelation of S. 
John, by the Rev, George Schmuckbr. 
Biltimore, U.S., 1817, 8vo, voL 1. 

No more publiabed. The author was Pastor 
of the £vai)^. Lutheran Church, York Town, 
Pouttyl 



1255. Leciores (7S\ Explan. and 
Vnctkal^ on die Book of Revelation, 
br the Rev. Robert Culbbrtsgn. 
Eoinb., 1818, 8vo, 2 vols., 14*. 

At the end ofthisexpositorywOTkisadisser- 
Utios on the origin and termination of the 
aati^hrietiaa apostacy. Mr. Culbertson, who 
vHa Minister of the Secession Church, Leith, 
in the opinion of Mr. Orme, ' dwells too much 
OBtks Kcnkr affuraof the world^ and regards 
poperj too exclusively as the subjecf of John's 
PDfwcies.' In the opinion of a writer in the 
Eekectie Review, Culbertson is one of the most 
jadidous ezposiiors of the Book of Revelation. 

1256. Ezpofl. of the Book of Revela- 
tion, by tha Rev. Henry Gauntlbtt. 
London, 1821, 8vo, lOt. 

The substance of 44 dkcourses preached at 
Obey, 1819-90. The author's ' interpretation of 
OM prepfaecies, whether fulfilled or expected to 
he 10, are okostlv supported by venerable au- 
tMs ; Mkd where he differs from them, it is 
dae modesty and candour.'— British Re- 
Tike Rev.^ E. Bickersteth pronounces 
to be ' practieal and useful — very much 
y the pba of Bp. Newton and Scott' A 
^MBih editioo revised, appeared in I82-. 

1256 a. The Chronology of the Apo- 
calypae investigated and defended, by 
John OvKBTON. London, 1822, 8vo. 

1 257. Seven Diaaertations, introductory 
to the Study and Right Understanding of 
the Language, Structure, and Contents 
of Ae Apocalypse, by Alex. Tilloch, 
LLD. Ixmofm, 1823, 8vo, Ss: 

Ih. Tilloch labours to show that the Apoca- 
Ifpae was one of the eariiest written books of 
tic New Testament. This volume contains 
and ingenious disquisition. 



1258. Introduction to the Study of 
die Apocalypse : to which is addend, a 
brirf Outline of Prophetic History, from 
the Babylonian Captivity to the com- 
mencement of the Nineteenth Century, 
by the Rev. Richard Murray. Dublin, 
1826, 8vo, pub. at 9^. 

^ 1259. ^e Apocalvpse of St. John, a 
Ne«r Interpretation, by the Rev. George 
Crolt. London, 1827, 8 vo, 7*. 

This interpfetation is, as is stated in the in- 
tfadacAioti* wholly original, having been made 
without reference to any of the preceding 
writers ; ia new in the arrangement, the mode 
«f elacidatkNi, and the nature of its discoveries. 
Tbe tkle of the vol. is as follows, 'The Apoca- 



I lypse of St John, or Prophecy of the Rise, 
Fropett, and Fall of the Church of Rome, — 
the inquisition,— the French Kevolution,- the 
Universal War,— and the Final Iriumph of 
Christianity.' It is an original and powerfully 
written volume, the result of peat labour and re* 
smirch, and abounding with most important 
historical information. The author oonsiderB the 
whole of the Apocalypse as a &soiculus of pro- 
phetic visions seen at intervab, and relating to 
distinct, portions of providential history. At 
the end of the volume is a general sketch of the 
leading events in the history of the Christian 
Church, from Constantine to the presents time, 
n.) Third Edition, with Corrections and 
Additioos. London, 1837, sm. 8vo, pub. at 
St.dd. 

An article on the merits of the Apocalyptic 
Writers will be found in the British Critic for 
1827, 11, 1-27, 487-600 : and much valuable 
illustrations of the Revelation of St. John will 
be found in the Rev. G.S. Faber's Calendar 
of Prophecy, &c. 

1260. Exposition of the Book of 
Revelation, by the Rev. Edward Irving. 
1828, 12mo, 4 vols. 

Jrving's work, which created a senration from 
the sin|rularity of some of his opinions, appear- 
ed penodically. 

1261. Lectures on the Apocalypse, by 
William Jones, M.A. London, 1829, 
8vo, pub. at 125. 

The author avows himself an opponent of the 
personal reign of Christ on the euth, and also 
of the resurrection of the saints previous to'the 
millennium, ^e is therefore to be distinguished 
in toto from die writers of the Albury sciiool. 

1262. Key to the Revektion of St. 
John the Divine, by the Rev. Philip 
Allwood, B.D. London, 1829, 8vo, 

2 vols., 125. 

* Being an analysis of those parts of that won- 
derful book which relate to die general state of 
the Christian church, through allthe times since 
it was written, and to the peculiar signs of those 
times.' 

(1.) Exposition of the Apocalypse, by Alex. 
K ErrH, D.I). In his Signs of the Times. 

1262. Exposition of the Book of 
Revelation, by Samuel Lbb, D.D. 

This original exposition will be found in the 
author's ' Six Sermons on the Study of the Holy 
Scripture.* See col. 66, no. 16. 

1264. Explication raisonn^e de T Apo- 
calypse, d'apr^s les Principes de sa 
Composition, par Philippe Basset. 
Paris, 1832-3, 8vo, 3 vols. 

1265. Discourses by David Robert- 
son, Min. of the Gospel, Kilmaurs. 
Glasgow, 1833, 12mo, 3 vols., pub. at 

155. 

Discourses, ' shewing the structure and uni^ of 
the Apocalypse ; the order and connection of its 
prophecies— how for they have yet been fulfilled 
— what part of them remains to be accomplished 



a95 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



196 



—and the prindpal evenu wMcb may etill be 
expected, in the course of divine providence, 
before the millennium commence.' 

1266. The Book of the Unveiling, an 
Exposition, with Notes. London, 1833, 
post 8vo, pp. 110, 4«. 

A condse and simple analysis of the Apoca- | 
lypee. 

1267. Commentary on the Revelation 

of St. John, by R. Bransby Cooper, Esq. 

London, 1833, 8vo, 6*. 

' This commentary is nearly founded upon 

Mede's views. See col. 285, no. 1208 (Z,). 

1268. Exposition of the Book of 
Revelation, by the Rev. William 
BuROH. Third Edition. Dublin, 1834, 

12mo, pub. at 65. 

* An attempt to set aade all preceding expo- 
sitions of this book ;' in the Rev. E. Bicker- 
steth*s opinion, on very unsatisfactory and 
insufficient arrounds; yet with pnustical and 
useful remarks. 

1269. Analytical Arrangement of the 
Apocalypse, on the Principles of Bp. 
Lowth, Bp. Jebb, and the Rev. T. Boys, 
by the Rev. iUchard Rob. Dubhn, 
1834, 4to, pub. at 155. 

An elaborate and curious work — ^in the pre- 
face are some useful disquisitions about sema- 
tology» or the science of signs. 

1270. The Book of Revelation, with 
Compendious Notes, accord, to the 
Exposition which has been most gene- 
ralW received in the Church, by the 
Rev. Isaac Abhb, A.B. DubUn, 1834, 

sm. 8vo, 5*. , , . u f 

The author ' has so condensed the result 0* 
his reading as to presentj in a very bnef and 
convenient form, all tliat is worth nossessuMp m 
the volum. writings of those who have addict- 
ed themselves to the study of the prophetic 
ScripturcB.'— Evang. Magazine. 

1271. The Prophetical Character and 
Inspiration of the Apocalypse considered, 
by Geo. Pbarson, B.D. of Cambridge. 
London, 1835, 8vo, pub. at lOj. 6rf. 

A useful work on the phin of Woodhouse 
and Vitringa.— Bickersteth, 

1272. The Revelation of St. John, 
transl. with a plwn Reading divesting it 
of its Metaphors, and Notes describing 
the Persons and Circumstances to which 
the Symbols refer, by George Pilkino- 
TON. 2#. 

1273. The Revelation of St. John 
explained by Henry William Lovbtt. 
Second Edition, enlarged. Lond., 1838, 
8vo, pub. at 12*. 



1274. Essays on the ApoealypM, 
with lUustr. from Engliah History, by 
R. B. Sanderson. Second Edition, 
with consid. Additions. London, 1838, 
fsc. 8vo, 4t. 

1275. This Apocal^fpse Explained; to 
which is annexed a symbolic Diction- 
ary. London, 1838, 12mo, Is. 6d. 

tonsiBting of a select oompdation from ap> 
proved oommentatorB, ancient and modeni. 



1276. On various ParU of the Reve- 
lation of S. John the Divine. 

(1.) Christ'tVictorierOr a pkioe Eapw it MU 
of the Twelfth Chapter of the Reveltftiona. by 
Tho.TAYix)B,D.D. London, 1633, 4to,6fc 

(2.) Expos, of the 16th Chw., and vetses 5 
and 6 of'the 20th Chap, of Revelatioiifi, by 
John CanoN, of N. E. London, 164-, 4to, 

4*- 6rf.' - . *, * *«-. 

(3.) Interpretation of the Number 99$, 
wherein, not onely the maumtf , how thiamm- 
ber ought to be interpreted, is clearly proved 
and demonstrated ; but it is also showed, yt 
tins number is an exquiate and perfe^ diane- 
ter, truly, exactly, and essentiallT descxibiBg 
that slate of government to wch all other aoces 
of Anti-Chnst doe agree, by Francb Porna, 
B.D. Oxford, 1642, 4to. 61.; larae papa*. 
10s. 6d. * This discourse of the number of tte 
beast is the happiest that ever came into ^ 
worid y and such 8» cannot be read wilhoat 
much admiration.' — Dr. Jos.. Mode. Ideoi, 
Latine. Amst., 1677. 12mo,3«-6d. 

(4.j Voyoe out of the Wildemesa, cmm 
withfears to the World for Repentanoe ; a brief 
Exposition of the 12th and 13th Ch^pCan ot 
the Revelations. London, 1651, 12nKv5i- 

(5.) Plaine and Easy Calculation of tht 
Name, Mark, and Number of the Be«st, by 
Nathaniel Stevens. London, l^^ 4to» 

(6.) Exposition of the 13th Chapter of 
Revelation, by John Cotton, of N- £.«. with a 
Pre&oe, by — Allen. London, 1656, 4to, 

(7.) Eiposition of the Seven Epistlea tent t» 
the Seven Churches of Asis, with a brief Kb- 
course of Idolatry with Application to the 
Church of Rome, by Henry Mobe. DJ>. 
Lond., 1669, 12mo. 3i. In this elabocalB 
treatise, Dr. More takes great pains to provt 
that these seven epistles are the groundwoAof 
the entire Apocalypse, and represent not merely 
the then present state of those respechve 
churches, but tlie fate and fortune of the Um- 
versal Church, divided into aeven suoocmw 
intervals. 

(8.) A Demonstration of the First Prmapto 
of the Protestant Applications of the Apo»- 
lypse, by Drue Cressener, DJ>. Londoa. 
1690, 4to, 6i. A work full of instruetKm and 
copious testimonies from the Romanate.— 

Bickersteth. ^^ ^ . _ 

(9.) The Judgmentsof God upon the Romaa 
Catholick Church, in Explication of the Tt«s- 
pets and Vials of the Apocalypae. by Dnie 
Cressener, D.D. London, 1689, 4to. 

(10.) Essay on important Paasagea ol the 
Revelations of the Apostle John, oampaiw 



«7 



BIBLICAL DISQUISITIONS, &c. 



eornipooduig Pasngct in Daniel, by 
Wtn Tatlor, AJM. Edinb., 1770. 8vo, 
In thtt ' a new explication is given of some 
^ in that book, and appli^ to the dr* 
cvBftaoees of the present time.' 

(\l) Emty on the nrincipal Parts of the 
Book of Kevelation, by James Kershaw. 
Stockton, 1780, 12mo, 2 vols. 

(12.) Commentary, with Notes, on part of 
tbe Book of the Revelation of John, by John 
SsoKBAS^DJ). Paisley, 17S9,8vo,6t. This 
coounentary embraces ch. i, iv-xvi, and xx, 
7-15, with three dissertations, one on the four 
bestis, 00 the four-and-twenty elders, and on 
the BSfflber of the be^t. Oraie observes, 
'£^Snodgra8s* views are evangelical, and his 
upiMaiions of tbe prophecies are characterised 
bTiohriet|r. as well as independence of thinking.' 

(13.) Critical Kemarks on detached Pas* 
■ifes of the New Testament, particuUrly the 
Rtfdstion of St. John, by the Ute French 
Udsikci, LLS>. London, 1810, 8vo, 6s, 

(14.) Disaertation on the Seals and Trum- 
pets of the Apocalypse, and the Prophetical 
Period of 1260 years, by William Cunino- 
jAJii, Esq., of Lainshaw. London, 1813, 8vo, 
Ofc A truly valuable work, reprinted in 1817. 
Aea)rdiDg to the Christiau Observer, the ' au- 
tbor shews very clear marks of a sound under- 
«*Mdmf^ elevated mind, and a deeply devo- 
taJoal spiriL' A third edition greatly improved. 
■Wesredial833,8vo. 

(15.) Dissertation on the Dragon, Beast, 
"jw Mm P^^ of the Apocalypse, m which 
tae uunber 666 is satisfactooily explained, and 
•bo « fbU Dhistratioii of Daniers Vision of the 
Rni and He-Goat, by James Edward Cuirkb. 
l*Mon, 1814, 8vo, 6t, Strongly lecom- 
■WBoed by Dr. Adam Clarke in his Commen- 

(1&) Diasertatioiifl on the Opening of the 
Scaled Book, illustrating the Prophefc Signs 
ucd in Daniel and the Revelations, printed 
wm the Pmrs signed Biblicus [Alex. Til- 
loci, LUD.J in the London Star. Arbroath, 
«l&. 8vo. 

n?.) Concise Exposition of the Apocalypse, 
vivas the Prophecies are fulhlled ; several 
«whach are interpreted in a different way from 
Oat adopted by other Commentators, by J. H. 
*^MJ). London, 1823, 8vo, 6i. This 
Mor regards the Apocalypse as being altoge- 
tfctt a ^nritoal and not a political prophecy. 
iL^^!? in the Eclectic Review pronounces 
wwork to be ' a useful notice of the apocalyp- 
tK predictions and their fulfilment' 

(180 On the General Structure of the Apo- 
^V7PM,bcing a brief Introduction to its minute 
lotvpretatioa, by James Hatley Frere, Esq. 
loo^ 1826, 8vo, pp. 48, 2». 

(WO The Jew, the Master-key of the Apo- 
wypae ; in answer to Mr. Frere*s * General 
JjBctare.' and the Dissertations of the Rev. 
fdw. Irving, and other Commentators, by 
JotoAq. Brown. Lond., 1827, 8vo, 3«. 

(20.) The Apocalypse brie6y, iret minutely, 
fiptttaed and interpreted to the xixth Chapter 
»«dMive. London, 1832, 8vo, If. 6d. 

(21.) On the Jnbilean Chronology of the 
^evadi Trumpet of the Apocal3rp6e, and the 
Jadgnent of the Ancient of I>m, Dan. vii, 
' ; with a brief account of the Discoveries of 



298 

M. de Chesaux as to the great Astronomical 
Cycles of 2300 and 1260, and their difference, 
1040 Years, by William Cuninghams, Esq. 
London, 1834, 8vo. 

^22.) The Name and Number of the Beast ; 
a Treatise on the Number 6^, in which 
the Interpretation of Irensus is vindicated 
against the Hypotheses of Faber, Vitringa, Cal- 
met, Woodhouse, Professor Lee, ana other 
Writers, by the Rev. R. Rabett, M.A. Lon- 
don, 1835, 8vq, publ. at9«. 

(23.) The Beast and his Image ; or, the 
Pope and the Council of Trent : with the N um- 
ber. Name, and Mark of the Irope, and the 
Markof his Name; being a Commentary upon 
Rev. xiii, by Fred. Fysh, M.A. Loncion, 
1838, 8vo. publ. at 12<. 

(24.) Practical Exposition of the Episdesto 
the Seven Churches, by the Rev. Henry Blunt. 
Second Edition. London, 1839^ 12mo, publ. at 
5s. 6d» The writings of this divine are m great 
request. 

%* The Rev. E. Bickersteth refers also to 
Andreas, Ambrose, Bede, Chytrsus. 



10. DISQUISITIONS^ OBSBRVATIONS, 

&C. ON VARIOUS BIBLICAL 

SUBJECTS. 

1. Thesaurus Theolo^co-philologicus 
et Thesaurus Nevus llieologico.philo. 
logicuB. Amst., et Lugd. Bat., 1701- 
32, fol., 4 vols., 728, 

Designed as a continuation to the Critici 
Sacri. See coL 112, no. 2. 

2. CommentationesTheologicae, edits 
a Jo. Casp. Yelthusbn, C. Theoph. 
KuiNOBL et Geo. Alex. Rupbrti. 
lipsiae, 1794-9, 8vo, 6 vols., 30*. 

A collection of critical tracts, in which 
various passages of the Old Testament are par- 
ticularly illustrated. (1.) SyllogeCommenta- 
tionum Theologicarum, a D.J. Pott et G. A. 
Rupbrti. Helmst, 1800-7, 8vo, 8 vols., 40t. 

3. Miscellanea Hafhiensia Theol. et 
PhiloL Argumenti, edidit Frid. Mun- 
TBR. Hafoise, 1816-24, 8vo, vols. 1 
and 2, I8s, 

4. Theologies Cllommentationes, edid. 

E. F. C. Rosbnmullbr, G. H. L. 

FuLDNBR et J. V. D. Maurbr. Lip- 

sise, 1825-32, 8vo, 3 vols. 

Critical commentaries upon difficult pas- 
sages of Scripture. 

5. Gul. EsTii Annotationes in pne- 

cipua difficiliora S. Scripturae Loca. 

Antv. 1621, fol., 7s. 

This work is net the production of Estius, 
but adversaria collected by him. It has gone 
through several editions. 

6. MeUificium Hebraicum, autore 
Christ. Cartwright. 

In the 8th vol. of the Critici Sacri. Cart- 



299 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



300 



wri^t WM one of die first who ^plied the 
ancient writings of the Jews to the ilinatration 
of the Bible. 

7. Tho. Gatakbbi Adversaria Mis- 
cellanea qaibtw Sacr» Scriptnrse locis 
multis Lux redditur. Lond., 1650, foL, 
7*. 6(// 

8. Jo. Henr. Hottinobbi Disserta- 
tiones Theologico-philologicse. Heidelb., 
1660, 4to, 78. 6d. 

' Hi^y Tftluable from the quantity of in- 
formation on biblical topics, with which it 
abounds.'— Onne. 

9. Jo. BuxTORFii, filii. Dissert Phi- 

lologico-theolo^cte, et Is. Ababbanb- 

Lis aHquot Dissertationes. Basil., 

1662, 4to, 9s. 

In considerable estimation. Buxtorf pub- 
lished other works relating to the Scriptures. 

10. Theod. Hackbpanii Notae Phi- 

lologico-theologicse in varia et difficilia 

Scripturse Loou Altd., 1664, sm. 8vo, 

3 vols., 10*. 6d. 

' The various writings of Hackspan are all 
valuable, but espedaUy his notes on difficult 
passages. Thev are highly praised by Walch, 
Budoeus, and Zeltner ; but tney have long been 
scarce.*— Orme. 

11. Nic. Arnoldi Lux inTenebris, 
seu brevis et succincta Vindicatio simul 
et Condliatio Locorum V. et N. Testa- 
ment!. Franeq., 1665, 4to, 7s. 6d. 

^ This has been styled one of the most pugna- 
cious books ever written on the Bible. It is 
nevertheless ft valuable defence of the reformed 
doctrines, against the Socinians especially, and 
contains a great deal of sound biblical learning. 

12. Jae. Calvbbt Naphtali, seu Col- 
lectationes Theologies cum tribus in- 
gentibus Dubiis. Lond., 1672, 4to. 

These are — ' 1, de Reditu Decem Tribuum ; 
2, de Conversione Judsorum ; 3, de Men- 
suris sacris Ezekielis.' 

13. Camp. ViTRiNGA Observationes 
Sacrse. Amst., 1727> 4to, 2 vols., 185. 

Best edition of these valuable diasertations, 
comprising, according to the Rev. £. Bicker- 
steth, ' much of the best kind of criticism.' 
Orme observes they ' contain a mass of learned 
dissertations on difficult passages of Scripture, 
and on questions of sacred criticism, theology, 
and antiquities.' 

14. Sal. Glassii Opuscula, edita per 
Tho. Crbnium, cum Vita per Mich. 
Wa lth brum. Lug. Batt 1 700, 4to, 1 2s. 

' Partly exegetical« partly critical, contain- 
ing a great deal of learning and piety.'r-Orme. 
The vol. contains Chnstologia Mosaica; 
Christologia Davidioa ; Onomatologia Messiae 
Prophetioac. 



15. Aug. PrBiPFBRi Open omui. 
Amst., 1704, 8vo, 2 vols., 18*. 

Ihe first volume contains Dubia Vexete 
Scripturse, Ebraica atque Exotica N. T. e soil 
fontibus derivata, and ten dissertations on pas- 
sages ofpeculiar difficulty in the sacred writ- 
ings. The second volume consists of tnaHxa 
on the criticism, interpr^ation, antiquities, kc 
of the Bible.— Kev. T. H. Home, 

16. Com.ADAmOb8erv.Thcolopco. 
nhilologioe, quibus plurima S. Ccdicis 
N. F. prsesertim Loca ex Moribos et 
Ritibus Divers. Gentium iUufltnmtiir. 
Groning., 1710, 4to, 7s. 

* Get ouvrage est estim6 des savans, et 3 )e 
merite.' — Calmet Orme observes * The woAi 
of Adami deserve to occupy a diief plscf 
among writings of this sort, and display more 
than ordinary erudition, both sacred and pro- 
fane.' ( I .) Com. Adami Exercit Ezegedcc de 
Israelis in iEj^ypto Multiplicatione et Oppres- 
sione ; Nativitate et Ini^tutione Moss m Sa* 
pientia ^gyptiorum; Convenione S. Ptnh 
aliorumque Magnomm Peccatoram ; mahsqoe 
Roms Taffans et Hodiemc Moribus: acee- 
dunt Scholia ad decem Loca ex Actis Aposto- 
lorum. Gron., 171^ 4to, 7f. Both wons are 
also commended by Walch. 

17. Jo. Jac. HoTTiNQBRi Opusetili 
Philologica, Critica, atque Hermenai- 
tica. Ops., 1817* 8vo, 7s. 6d. 

Hettinger's works are praised by BeimmsBB, 
Meuselius, &c. 

18. Alb. ScHULTBNs Opera Minon, 
Animadv. ejus in Jobum et in viria 
Loca V. T., necnon varias Dissert. ^ 
Orationes complectentia. Log. Bat, 
1769, 4to^ 15t. 

Michaehs pronounoes SchultenB to lave 
been ' the greatest master of Oriental leanisg 
in hb age.' (2.) Sylloge Diseeitatioiium s 
diversis Auctoribus editamm. sub Praaidis 
Alb. Schultens et N. G. Scnroederi, qvbv 
multa S. Cod. Loca obecura illuslraaCDr. 
Lips., 1773, 4to, lb$. 

19. H. B. Starkii Notae sdectK in 
Loca dubia ac diffidl. V. et N. T. Lq»^ 
1730, 4to, 6s. 

Highly praised by Walch. 

20. Petri ZoRNii Opuscula Sacim. 

Alton., 1731, 8vo, 2 vols., I2s. 

In these vols, are contained ' progr ai amstt, 
dissertationes, orationes, epistolae^ et scbedtis- 
mata, in quibus prster selectiss. historis ecclesL 
et liter, capita, etiam plus^uam sexcenta Scrip- 
turs loca^ partim ex utnusque linguc sioe- 
tioris genio, partim ex antiquit. Hw.. Or. et 
Rom. apparatu, illustrantur ac vindicantnr.* 

21. Jo. Henr. k Sbblbn Me^a- 
tiones Exegeticss, quibus varia utntiaqoe 
Test. Loca expenduntur et iBustrantur. 
Lubecee, 1730, 2, 7> 8vo, 3 pts., 9s. 



301 



BIBUCAL DISQUISITIONS, Sec. 



303 



22. J. B. WiDBBDBon Maibeseofl 
Biblics Spedinina vii. Jense, 1731, 
4to. 7f. 6d. 

Tloi wwk m co mmca dcd by Walch. 

23. Camp. ViTBiNOiB, filii, Disser- 
tatjooes Sacne, cum Animadversiombus 
Herm. Venemse. Franeq., 1731, 4to, 
7f.W. 

'Que Vitringa commentatiis est, ea singu- 
kroD iUiot dodnnam coue ac jodidum lacu- 
kater moastimiiL'— Waloh. 

24. Henn. Wrrsii Miscell. Sacronim 
libri IT. Logd. Bat, 1736, 4to, 2 vols., 
ISf. 

WilMS, inthe opinion of the Rev. £. Bksker- 
sledi, is a very Taloable writer, who will amply 
itpty dQiffent study. (1.) Herm. Wirsn Me- 
ktanata LekJensia; quibus continentur Pne- 
lecL de Vita et Rebuk gesds Pauli Apostoli, 
necBon Dissert. ExegeL Duodecasj denic^ue 
CoauDoiL in Epist. Jnds Apostoli. Basil., 
1739,410, 10*. (2.) Herm. Wrrsn iEcTTPtiaea 
ct A n r a^ w Aor ; sive de JEnpL Sacrorum 
CcMp ara t i one com Hebraicis Libri tres, et de 
deeem Tribabos Israelis Liber; accessit Dia- 
tribe de Legione Folminatrioe Christianorum 
mb Imp. Marco Aaielio Antonio. Basil., 
17a9,4to,9i. 

25. SaLDxTLiNOii Observ. Sacrse, 
in qat multa Scripturae V. et N. T. 
Dabia Vecata solvuiitiir. Lipsis, 1735, 
4to, 5 Tola., 25«. 

'A lea r n e d work, worth ocmsahin^, which is 
fnatly tirilitatcd from the extensive indices 
aeoompanying it.'— Orme. 

26. Jo. Ai^BBRTi Periculom Criticnm, 
IB q^ Loca quaedam cum V. ac N. F., 
tnm Hesjchii et afiorom. iUustrantor, 
Tbuficantor, emeodantur. Lug. Bat, 
1737, 6to, 6#. 

27. Petri Horrei Miacell. Critic. Libri 
duo. LeoT. et HarL, 1738, 8to, 2 toIs., 

13*. 

28. Jo. Geo. MiCHABLiB Obserra- 
tknies Saciae. Traj. ad Rhen., 1 738, sm. 

&T0,5C. 

Aa etfecmed work, ' in quibus diversis S. 

Scr ip t ar g ntriusque Foederis Lods select. 

Lax adfonditur : nonnulla etiam Antiq. Judaic. 

'^ ta ex Lege Mosaica et Magistrorum Pla- 
exeatiantnr, adque Sensum Spiritualem 
— — — ' (I.) JEditio secunda. Amh., 



(Theok>gico-philologic». Liigd.Bat, 
n57,9fo,4f. 

29. Em. Lucii VBiBMOBT ObserT. 
UiaceO. Aigumenti pnecipue philol. et 
thed. Liber. LeoT., 1740, 4to, 6*. 

' Q^nbos muttis locis S. Codicis aut nova aut 
vWior hu adianditiir.' (1.) E. L. Vbiemoet 
id Dicta ClanicaTheotoguB Dogmaticc V. T. 



i 



Adnot Philologrico-theologice. Franeq., 1743, 
8vo, 3 vols., l6s. 

30. Jo. Diet. WiNCKLBBi Diaquis. 
Philol. Scripturse Sacrse qusedam Loca, 
et Antiq. tam eccles. quam profanse Mo- 
menta ulustrantes. Hamb., 1741, 8to, 
As. 

According to Walch, Winckler's publica- 
tions ably illustrate many difficult passages of 
Holy Writ. (1.) J. D. Winc»leri H^pom- 
nemata philol. et critica in diversa Scripture 
Sacre, tam V. quam N. T., Loca. Hamb., 
1745, 8vo. (2.) J. D. WiNCKLsai Animadv. 

fhiloL et critics ad varia S. Codicis utriusque 
cederis Loca. Hildesiae, 1750-3, 8vo, 3 pts. 

31. Day. Millii Dissertationes se- 
lectse, varia Sacrarum Litterarum et 
Antiq. Orientalis Capita exponentea et 
illustrantes. Lug. Bat., 1743, 4to,10«.6if. 

Best edition of mese esteemed dissertations. 
1.) Dav. MiLui Miscellanea Sacra. Amst, 
754, 4to, 9«. 

32. Herm. Vbnbma Diasert. Selectee 
ad V. ac. N. T. Leov., 1747-50, 4to, 2 
toIb., 12s. 

33. Conr. Ikbnii Dissertationea Phi- 
lologico-theologicse in diveraa S. Co- 
dids Loca, coUegit et recensuit J. H. 
ScHNACHT. IVajecti, 1749-50, 4to, 
2 vols., 12#. 

' Egregis sunt dissertationes hs, sive ad res 
explicates, animum advertas, sive ad illarum 
expositionem, quae erudita ac solida est' — 
Walch. 

34. Ambr. Dobuout Animadv. in 
Loca Belecta Y. T. ; annejcae aunt trcB 
DisBcrtationea in N. T. Leov., 1765-6, 
8vo, 2 vol 8., I2s, 

35. Jo. Aug. Ebnbbti OpuaculaTheo- 

logica. Editio secunda. lipde, 1792, 

8vo, 6*. 
The former edition appeared in 1773,8vo,5s. 

36. Silva Critica, sive in Auctorea 
SacrosProfanosque Commentarius philo- 
lo^cuB, concinnavit Gilb. Wakefibld, 
aS. CanUbr., 1789-95, 8vo, 5 pts., in 

2 vols., I5s. 

The design of Mr. Wakefield in the plan of 
this work was the union of theolopri<^ and 
classical learning, illustrating the Scnptures by 
light borrowed hrom the philologv of Greece 
and Rome, as a probable method of recom- 
mending the booKS of revelation to scholars. 
An examen of the work was published by H. 
C. A. Haenlein, in four small tracts, published 
at Erlang, 1798-1801, in 4to. Wakefield's 
emendations are generally considered too con- 
jectural and bold. 

In the Classical Journal, 40 vols., will be 
found much biblical criticism, and many valua- 
ble eluddations of the Scriptures. There is a 
complete index to the work* 



303 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



304 



37. Dissertationes (15) Philologico- 
ciiticte, siDffulas primum, nunc cunctas, 
ediditCbr. Fried. ScHNUBRBR. Gothae, 
1790, 8vo, 6*. 

38. H. MuNTiNOHB Sylloge Opus- 
culorum ad Doctrinam Sacram pertinen- 
tium. Lug. Bat., 1791-4, 8vo, 2 vols. 

39. Got. Chr. Stobb Opuscula Aca- 
demica ad Interpr. Librorum Sacronmi 
pertinentia. Tubingae, 1796, 9, 1803, 

8vo, 3 vols. 

Besides various critical disquisitions of grreat 
merit, this work contains several commentaries 
on detached books of the New Testament 
(1.) G. C. Storr Dissertationes in Librorum N. 
T. historicorum aliquot Locos. Tubingae, 1790, 
1, 4, 8vo, 3 pts. All the works of Professor 
Storr, may, says Orme, *be consulted with 
Mifety and profit He was one of the few theo- 
loffians in Germany durin«r the last century, 
who combined evangelical sentiments and a 
devotional spirit with sound leaminff and elo- 
quent criticism. . . . The strength of his mind 
and the superiorityof his biblical learning have 
given him an influence, which is likely to render 
bis writings eminently serviceable to the cause 
of Christianity.' 

40. Dissertationes ad S. Literas et 
Philologiam pertinentes, autore Car. 
AuBiviLLio, cum Prsefat. J. D. Mi- 
ch a bl is. Helmst., 1790, 8vo, 6s, 

41. S. F. N. Mori Dissert, tbeolog. 

et pbilologicte. Lips., 1798, Svo, 2 vols., 

7s, 6d. 

Moms' dissertations are much esteemed. A 
former edition appeared 1787-94, 8vo,2 vols. 

42. Car. Chr. Tittmanni Opuscula 
Theoloffica. Lipsise, 1803, 8vo, 12«. 

Mr. Home obs^es that various Questions 
of sacred criticism are illustrated in this work 
with singular ability. 

43. Pauli Em. Jablonski Opuscula, 
edidit atque Animadv. adjecit Jon. Guil. 
Tb Watbr. Lug. Bat., 1804-13, 8vo, 
4 vols. 

A tmly valuable work in which ' lingua et 
antiquitas ^gyptiorom, diiBdlia libromm sa- 
cromm loca, et historic ecclesiasticsB capita 
iUustrantur.' 

44. Geo. Chr. Knappii Scripta van! 
Argument!, maximam partem exegeti- 
cam. Halse, 1805, Svo, 2 vols. 

An esteemed work. (2.) Editio altera. 
Hale, 1823, 8vo, 2 vols., 12«. 

45. Fr. V. Rbinhardi Opuscula 
Academica. Lips., 1808-9, 8vo, 2 vols., 
I6s. 

46. J. H. Vbrbchurii Opuscula, 



edidit atone Animadv. adjecit J. A. 
LoTZB. Traj., 1810,8vo, 20#. 

Valuable opuscula, ' in quibus de varus S. 
Lit locis et argumentis ezinde desumplia cri> 
tioe et libere disseritur.' 

47. Opuscula Exegetica, Critica, Dog- 
matica, scripsit, recognovit, variisqne 
Addit. locupletavit H. A. Scbott. 
Theol. D. Jenie, 1817-3, 8vo, 2 volt. 

48. Jo. Jac. Griesbachii Opuscub 
Academica, edidit Jo. PhiL Gablik. 
Jene, 1824-5, 8vo, 2 vols., I6s, 

51. The Biblical Repertoiy; or t 
Collection of Tracts in Bibliod Cten- 
ture, by Charles Hodgb. PriocetoD 
and New York, 1825-8, 8vo, 4 vols. 

This work consists of selections from tbe 
writings of the most distin^rui^ed Bihli'*alud 
Orientel scholars, both British and contiooitiL 

52. EssajTS and Dissertations on Bibli- 
cal Literature, by a Society of Qergy- 
men. New York, 1829, 8vo, voL 1. 

The materials of this vol. are derived fnm 
the vrritinn of J. D. Michaelis, Storr, Titt- 
mann, Eichhom, and Geseniua. 

53. The Biblical Repertory and Tkeo- 
logical Review, edited oy an AsaociatioD 
of Gentlemen in Princeton and its 
Vicinity. Philad., 1830-3, Svo, v(^ 
1 to 5. 

54. The Biblical Repository, conducted 
by Edward Robinson, D.D., &c. An- 
dover and New York, 1831-9, 8vo, 
vols. 1 to 14. 

Published quarterly. Professor RobiaBoa*i 
Biblical Repository is a work which is m 
honour to America, such as may well make the 
mother-country feel ashamed and humbled. It 
is a collection of essays and tracts of rreti 
value, original and translated (espedaU^ noa 
the writings of distinguished German critics). 

55. Biblical Cabinet ; or HennencQ- 
tical, Ezegetical, and Philological li- 
brary. 

See col. 95, no. 16. 

56. Exposition of such Chapters of 
the O. T. as usually are redde in the 
Church, by Thomas Coopbb, Bp. of 
Lincoln. Ix>ndon, 1573, 4to, \2$. 

llie vrriters who have mentioned Bp. Cooper 
give him the character of an eloquent preach, 
a learned divine, and a good man. 

57. Clavis Mjrstica, a Key opening 
divers Difficult and Mysterious TextM a 
Holy Scripture, by Daniel Fbatlit, 
D.D. Lond., 1636, fol., lOs, 

This work contains 70 sermons, — it is, mj% 
Orme, ' a singular exhibition of the kiad of 
elo<)uence and instruction which watt in vogn* 
during the period in which the author lircd. 



305 



BIBLICAL DISQUISITIONS, Sec, 



Featler » oocMiooaOy very ingemous and ori- 
giBti in \m remarks on pMW>tfCB of Scriptare, 
Mt he is abo often ridicnlous.^ 

58. Notea and Observ. upon some 
VmngtM of Scripture, by the Rev. John 
GsBQORT. Oxford, 1646, 4to, 38, 6d, 

Abo in hit coUectiTe works. 

59. One hundred Sermons upon Fifty 
Texts from the Old Testament, and 
Fifty from the New, by Thomas Hor- 
TON, with a life of the Author, by Dr. 
John Wallib. Lond., 1679, fol., 24t. 

60. Remains, or several Select Scrip- 
tures of the New Testament opened and 
explained, wherein Jesus Chnst, as yes- 
terday, to^v, and the same for ever, is 
ittostrated, bv Robert Gbll, D.D. 
LondL, 1676, tol., 2 vols., 165. 



Mjrs Orroe, ' consists of a number 
sf d i Mum ies on particnlar passages, full of alle- 
faricalaad cabahstical illustrations, abng with 
iagenioQS and solid criticisms.' 



61. Metaphors and Tjrpes. — Key to 
open the Scripture MetaphOTsand Types : 
to which are prefixed, Arffuments to 
prove the Divine Authorwip of the 
Hdy Scriptures, by Benj. Keach. 
London, 1779, foL, 50s. 

An etaborate publication of a celebrated 
Baptist minister. Orroe observes, ' He carries 
\m dhotrations too far, — the common fiuilt of 
aelaphor hunters, and parable preachers.' 
Dr. WiDiBms pronounces it to be a work which 
a judi ci ous preacher may consult with profit, 
bat which a common-place declaimer will 
acTcr bi\ to abuse. The First Edition appeared 
at London, 1661, foL, Mk. Keach on the Me- 
^hon, in the opmion of Roland, is ' a book full 
St the bestnches in the easiest language.' 

(1.) The Types and Shadows of our Sariour 
in the 0. T. opened and explained by Thomas 
Tatlob, D.D. London, 1663^ 4fo, 10s. This, 
the work of a celebrated puritan divine, was 
vwy popular, and frequently printed. An edi- 
tioa appeami at Glasgow, 1816. 8vo, 4$, 6d, 

(1) The Figures or Types of the Old Testa- 
■j«i, by which Christ and the Heavenly 
Thiagi of the Gospel were preached and 
ttsdovred to the People of God of old, ex- 
pltiBcd and improved in sundry Sermons, by 
Ssaael Matbca. Dublin, 1673, 4to, 15s. 
'Full explanations of types — sometimes fan- 
oU and acrimonious against the Established 
Cbarth.^— Bickcmteth. ( .) An Edition. 
Iftdoo, 1706, 4to, lOt. €d, ( .) The Gospel 
« the Old Testament; an Explanation of 
tM Tjpes and Figures by which Christ was 
wMbo ed under the Le^ Dispensation. Re- 
?iiltai firom the original work of Samuel 
MATaia, by the Author of 'The Listener,' 
^c. Rtfrs. CaioHne Wilson, bite Fry], Lon- 
^1933, 12mo. 2 vols., 9s. 

(3.) Grace and Truth, or the Glory and Ful- 
*>*of the Redeemer displayed in an Attempt 
tettplsm the most remarkable of the Types, 
'Von and Allegories of the Old Testament, 



306 

byWm. MacEwen. Edinb., 1763, 12mo, 
3s. 6rf. Presently reprinted. 

(4.) A brief View of the Figures, and Expli- 
cation of the Metaphors contained in Scnp- 
ture, by the Rev. John Brown, of Hadding- 
ton. Hvo, 6f.; 12mo, 35., &c I^umerous edi- 
tions. 

(5.) Popular Inquiry into the Doctrine of 
Scripture Types, by the Rev. John Wilson, of 
Irvine. Edinb., 1833, 8 vo, 7s. 

(6.) The Character and Offices of Christ 
illustrated by a Comparison with the Typical 
Characters of the O. T., in a Series of Dis- 
courses, by John Crombie, AJVI. London. 
1827, 8vo. 

(7.) Typical Instruction considered and il- 
lustrated, and shewn to be suited to all, but 
particularly to the early Ages of the Church, 
bv John Purs, AJVf. London, 1828. 8vo. 
10s. 6d. 

(6L) Treatise on the Nature and Use of 
the Tropes of the Holy Scripture, by J. Wood. 
Bristol, 1831, 12mo, 3s. 6d. This litUe vol. is 
principally extracted from the introduction to 
Benj. Keach*s work. 

62. Genuine Remains of John Lioht- 
FooT, D.D., pubL by John Strypb. 
London, 1700, Svo, 5t. 

Containing rules for a student of the Scrip- 
tures, and explanations of divers difficult places. 
In the vol. will be found some curious particu- 
UttsofLightfoofslife. 

63. Miracles and Parables. — Gospel 
Mysteries revealed, or an Exposition of 
all the Parables and many express Simili- 
tudes contained in the four Evangelists, 
by Benj. Keach, with Portrait. Lon- 
don, 1701, fol., 425. 

This celebrated Baptist minister eridently 
J 1^ yg,^ familutf acquaintance with the 



Bible. In 



(ible. In his works^ says Orme, ' He frequently 
fiiils in distinguishing things that differ ; and 
often confounds togetoerthe things which ought 
to be distinguished.' Another critic observes 
' his works are of ^rreat utility to the theological 
student, as containing many original observa* 
tions upon various passages of Scripture that 
are obscure and intncate. (1.) New Edition, 
with a Portrait London, 1815, 8vo, 4 vols.. 
42s. 

(2.) Practical Discourses unon the Parables, 
with Prayers annexed to each Discourse, by 
Francis Br ago e, B.D. London, 1702-4, 8vo, 
2 vols., 9«. Dr. Wotton recommends the study 
of Bragge's discourses' to prepare the mind, And 
consequently the style, for the composition of 
sermons.' (3.) Practical Observations upon 
the Miracles, by Francis Braooe, B.D. Lon- 
don, 1702-6, 8vo, 2 vols., 9f. Reprinted in his 
works publ. at Oxford in 1833. 

(4. ) Discourses on the Miracles and Parables, 
by Wm. DoDD, LL.D. London, 1767, 8vo, 
4 vols., 20s. 

(6.) Discourses on the Parables of our 
Blessed Saviour, and the Miracles of his Holy 
Gospel, with occas. Illustrations, by Charles 
BfLKLBY. London, 1771, 8vo, 4 vols., 12#. 
' The author writes as becomes an in^nious 
and sensible man, and in an agreeable, instruc- 
tive, and practical manner. — Monthly Review. 

X 



I 



307 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



aos 



(6.) The Intent and Propriety of the Scrip- 
ture Miracles considered and exphuned, by the 
Rev. Henry Owen. London, 1773, 8vo. 2 
vob., 12i. In these Boyle's lectures, the 
learned Dr. Owen ' has taken a oomprehenave 
view of the subject as relating both to the O. 
and N . Testament The substance of the Lec- 
tures the author has before published in 1756, 
8vo. 

(7.) A Delineation of the Parables of our 
Saviour ; to which is prefiiDed a Dissertation 
on Parables and Allegorical Writings in gene- 
ral, by Andrew Gray, D.D. Edrnb., 1777, 
8vo, 9<. Id the opinion of Orme» ' a very sen- 
sible work on the Parables, free from that 
fanciful and licentious mode of treating the 
allegorical parts of Scripture, in v.hich many 
writers, with a show of piety, have most im- 
properly indulged.' Reprinted at Edinburgh, 
1814, 8vo, 9s. 

(8.) Lectures on Scripture Miracles and on 
Scripture Parables, by W. B. Collysk, D. D. 
London, 1812-5, 8vo. 2 vols., 8s. 

(9.) Lectures on Parables selected from the 
N. T. [by Mary Jane M'Ksnzie]. London,. 
1822-33, cr. 8vo, 2 vols., 10s. 6d. Vol. 1 has 
been repeatedly printed. (10.) Lectures on 
Miracles selected from the N. T. [by M. J. 
M'Kbnzie]. London, 1823. 8vo, 4s. 6d, This 
also has gone through several editions. 

(11.) Treatise on the Evidence of the Scrip- 
ture Miracles, by John Penrose, M. A. Lon- 
don, 1826, 8vo. An able work by a profound 
and oriprinal thinker. — British Critic. ( 12.) Con- 
siderations on Miracles, containing the sub- 
stance of an Article in the British Critic on 
Mr. Penrose's Treatise . . . with Additions, by 
the Rev. C. W. Ls Bas. London, 1828, 8vo, 
4s. 

(13.) Exposition of the Parables of our 
Lord, with a Prelim. Dissert on Parable, by 
the Kev. B. Batlky. Lond., 1829, 8vo, 9s. 
The work, entirely devoid of an evangelical 
character, will be found useful to the clerical 
student as embodying a copious collection of 
annotation, criticism, and disquisition upon 
the portions of Scripture illustrated. 

(14.) An Explanation of the principal Pa- 
rables of the New Testament, intended for the 
Young, by Mrs. Matheson, Durham. Glas- 
gow. 1829, 18mo, 2 vols., 3s. These volumes 
are well worthy the attention of parents and 
Sunday-school teachers. 

(15.) Discourses on the Parables, and on 
the principal Miracles, by the Rev. James 
Knioht. London, 1829-31, 8vo, 2 vols., publ. 
at 24s. 

(16.) Exposition of the Parables and of 
other Parts of the Gospels, by Kdward G res- 
well, B.D. with an Appendix. Oxford, 1834-5, 
8vo, 6 pts. in 5 vols., publ. at 72s. An elabo- 
rate and steriing work containing a vast 
Quantity of diligent research, accurate cri- 
ticism, and curious illustration. 

64. Exercitations* critical, philos., 
histor., theoL, on sereral Important 
Places in the Writings of the O. and 
N. T., by John Edwards, D.D. Lon- 
don, 1702, 8vo, Ss. 6d, 

' Much acuteness. learning, and piety will be 
found in Edwards' writings.* — Bickerstetb. 



Orme observes ' A very great number of 
cult passages are examined in Edwards* woHu, 
and he must be no ordinary scholar wlio docs 
not find instruction in them.* (1.) An In- 
quiry into Four Remarkable Texts of the N.T. 
[Mat,ii,23; 1 Cor.,xi.l4,andxv,29; IPeL, 
ui, 19, 201, which contain some Difieulty in 
them, with a probable Resolution of them, by 
John Edwabds, D J). Camb., 1692. sm. 8to, 
2s. 6(i (2.) An Enquirv into seven! remark- 
able Passages of the Old and New Testament, 
which contain some Difficultyin them, in two 
Parts, by John Edwabos, DJ). London, 
1694, 8vo, 3s. 6d, (3.) Discourse eonceniBg 
the Authority, Style, and PerfecdDn of the 
Books of the O. and N. T., by John Enwiass, 
D J>. London, 1693-6, 8vo, 3 vob^ lOs. 6rf. 

65. Discours historiques, critiques, 

theologiques et moraux sur les Ev^oe- 

mens les plus m^morables du Vieiix et 

Nouveau Testament, par Jacques Sau- 

BiN. A la Haye, 1720, Svo, 11 voU., 

bOs. 

The dissertations, according to Onne, 'ooa- 
tain many ingenious thoughts, and din^f vaiy 
considerable research* — the Jewish, Chnstiia, 
and heathen authors, philosophers, poets, Im- 
torians, and critics are cited in great p c o ftaioa. 
(1.) Diseoun . . . par J. Sacrin, avee 2IS 
Phmches. Amst, 1728-39, foL, 6 yoIs., U 
Saurin died during the progress of the wod, 
and it was completed by — Roqnes de Bade, 
and C. S. de Beausobre, fik. It is held in eoa- 
siderable estimation, and the plates 6«n de- 
signs by Hoet, Houbraken, and B. Pioartweit 
engraved at the expoise of M. Vander Marck. 
(27) Dissertations . . . transl. from the Fieocb 
of M. Saurin, by John Chamrsrlaync. Loa- 
don, 1723, foL, vol. 1, 12s. No more publiM. 

65 a. Critical Remarks oo some diffi- 
cult Passages of Scripture, by Rkfa. 
KiDDBR, Bp. of Bath and Wells. Loud., 

1725, Svo, 6*. 

A work of solid learning and good sense- 
many of the observations relate to Castilio^ 
translation of the Scriptures, the defects of 
which the Bishop points out 

66. Miscellanea Sacra [by John Shuts, 

Viscount BarringtonJ. ix>ndon, 1726, 

Svo, 2 vols., 6#. 

A work of merit to which Dr. Bensonacknow- 
ledges his obligations. It contains ' an abstnci 
of the Scripture historv of the Acts of die Apoft- 
tles in a new method ; with four critical es- 
says — 1, on the witness of the holy spirit ; 2, oo 
the distinction between apostles, dders, and 
brethren ; 3, on the time when Paul and Bsr- 
nabas became apostles : 4, on the a]>ostolical 
decree, ficc &c. (1.) New Edition, with largt 
Additions and Corrections. London^ 1770, Svo, 
3 vols., 15i. It is ako to be found lo the Rey. 
G. Townsend's edition of Viae Barringtoo'* 
works. 

67. Free and Impartial Studv of the 
Holy Scriptures reconunendea: bebg 
Notes on some particular Texts, widi 
Discourses and Ooservations on various 



909 



BIBLICAL DISQUISITIONS. &c. 



310 



Siibject0,byJo8. Ha LLBT, junior. Lon- 
don, 1729, 32, 6, 8yo, 3 vols., ISs, 

Tbne TohiiDes contain a vaned roan of 
cvioos and impoitant discusson on passages of 
Scripture, or Scnptnral subjects. Hallet's 
Anumm m not much obtruded in thb work ; 
tboagb. says Orme, 'it doubtless influences his 
itMooio^ on several points. With attention to 
tl»s caution, the student of the Bible may find 
the works of Hallet of very considerable im^ 



68. Erolkation de plusienrs Textes 
^ffidles de rEcriture Sainte, avec des 
Reglet certaioes pour Tlntelligence du 
Sent fitteral de VA. et du N. T. [par 
D. Jic M abtin], avec Figures. Paris, 
1730, 4to, 2 vols., 14*. 

An ^iptication of the manners, customs, &c. 
m the aacients to the interpretation of Scrip, 
tare. The plates consist or statues, costumes, 
and coins. 

69. Scripture Vindicated, in answer 
to 'Christianity as old as the Crea- 
twn,* by Daniel Watbrland, D.D. 
Load., 173(M, 8vo. 

Thb reply to Tindal containa much valuable 
opoaitory illustration. Part 1 comprises the 
m of Genesis; 2, Exodus to the second book 
wKiags; 3, the remaining books of the O.T. 

- 70. Demoniacs. — ^Two Enquiries into 
the Meaning of Demoniacks m the N.T., 
by T. R a:P. O. A. B. I. T. C. O. S. fi. e. 
Arthur Ashley Sykbs, D.D.] Lon- 
<lon, 1737. 8vo, 3*. 6d. 

About the period 1737.«), upwards of 20 
frjetsappeared on the Demonmck Controversy, 
ihe audion were Dr. Mead, Tho. Church, 
Ur. Leon. Twells, John Swinton, Sam. Peinro. 
l>r. GT«f . Sharpe, Tho. Hutchinson. Dr! 
*alh. Lardner. Arthur Young, and others. 

(1.) Jo. Sal. Skmlebi Commentatio de 
l>wnoniacis. HaL Magd., 1769, 4to. Re- 
Vraaed 1779, 8vo, 3*. 

(2). Essay on the Demoniacs of the N. T. 
by the Rev. Hugh Farmir. London, 1775. 
«»o..5t. Reprinted 1805, 12mo, 4j. The de^ 
"xnascs of the gospel, accordinpr to Farmer, 
**** ™o«ly persons strongly afl^ted by cer- 
^ diseasss. The controversy between him 
«d hisopponents, Worthington and Fell, is * of 
cjnjMJerable interest and importance.'— Orme. 
(*)An impartial Enquiry into the Case of the 
V«pw Demoniacks, with an Appendix con- 
ing of an £«ay on Scripture Demonology, 
2 wm. WouTBiNOTON, D. D. London, 1777. 
8vo 4f. fii /4.) Letters to Dr. Worthington 
y the Gospel Demoniacs, by the Rev. Hugh 
'Aaiwa. London, 1778, 8vo, 4f. 6d. (5.) 
farther Intpnry by Wm, Woa-ninroTON, D.D. 
{fwoo, 1779. 8vo. 4$. (6.) Demoniacs : an 
isqniry nrto tfie Heathen and Scripture Doc- 
trne of Demons, in which the Hypotheses of 
(M Rev. Mr. Fanner and others on the subject 
m pailieularhr eomidered, by the Rev. John 
*«x. LoiML,1779,8vo,5f. An able reply— 
^ says Orme, ' the temper in which he has 
•nttea has been justly censured.' Farmer's 



views of demonology had been preriously 
brought forward by Jos. Mede, Drs. Lardner, 
Mead, and Sykes. 

71. Remarks on several Passages of 
Scripture, by Mat. Pilkinoton, LL.B. 
Camb., 1769, 8yo, 5*. 

These remaiks, in the opinion of Orme, con- 
tain a considerable portion of valuable matter. 
The author's aim is at * rectifying some errors in 
the printed Hebrew text, pointmg out several 
mistakes in the versions ; and shewing the 
benefit and expediency of a more correct and 
intelligible translation of the Bible. 

72. Dissertations on several Passages 
of Scripture, by John Ward, LL.D. 
Lond., 1761-74, 8vo, 2 vols., 10*. 

These dissertations are on a number of cu- 
noMS, and some of them interesting, subjects. 
Orme says * Professor Ward must have studied 
the Scriptures with very considerable atten- 
tion ; and he everywhere discovers the greatest 
veneration for the authority and the doctrines 
of revelation. (1.) Remarks on Dr. Ward's 
Dissertations, by Nath. Lardnkb, D.D. Lon- 
don, 1762, 8vo, 2t. 6d, This tract is reprinted 
in the last volume of Lardner's workn. 

73. Observations on divers Passages 
of Scripture, placing many of them in a 
light entirely new ... by means of cir- 
cumstances mentioned in hooks of 
voyages and travels into the East, hy 
the Rev. Thomas Harmbr. London, 
1776-87, 8vo, 4 vols., 18*. 

All classes of persons agree in the commen- 
dation of Harmer's work. Orme observes 
'It would have been well had he mixed re- 
ligious reflections more frequently vrith his 
observations. . . . Any book on the Bible, which 
does not distinctly recognise its spiritual cha- 
racter and design, must to a certain extent in- 
jure it' (1.) Fourth Edition, with a new 
Arrangement, many important Additions, and 
innumerable Corrections, by Adam Clarek, 
LL J). London, 1806, 8vo, 4 vols, 28t. (2.) 
Fiflh Edition, by Adam Clarke, LLD. Lon- 
don, 1816, 8vo, 4 vols., 31«. 6d. 

74. Remarks on select Passages in the 
O. T.,to which are added eight Sermons, 
by Benj. Krnnicott, D.D. Lond., 
1787, 8vo, 7s. 

These remarks contain many useful hints. 
Kennicott was a learned and most diligent 
scholar ; but his fame must rest chiefly on his 
labours as a collector of Hebrew mss.— Orme. 

75. Dissertations on some Parts of 
the Old and New Testament, by Thomas 
Nkwton, Bishop of Bristol. 

In his collective works. 

(1.) On the Use and Intent of some re- 
markable Passages of Scripture not commonly 
understood, by the Rev. William Jones. In 
his collective works. 

76. Morsels of Criticism, tending to 
iUustrate some few Passages in the Holy 



311 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



311 



Scripture upon Philosophical Principles, 
and an enlarged View of Things, by 
Edward Kino, Esq. London, 1784- 
1800, 4to, 2 pts., 125. 

Mr. King*s particular aim in this valuable 
work \a to provide answers to the more subtile 
opponents of Christianity, and to trace the 
completion of the sacrsd oracles. ( 1.) S^sond 
EdiUou. London, 1800, 8vo, 3 vols., 15f . 

77' Four hundred Texts of Holy 
Scripture, with their Corresponding Pas- 
saffes explained, by O. St. John Cooper, 
A.M. London, 177l> sm. 8vo, 4s. 

Thus arranged-' 1, Texts, which appear con- 
tradictory ; 2, not to be underwood literally : 
3, improperly translated ; 4, better translatect 
otherwise; 5, requiring explanation; 6, wrested 
or perverted; 7, the Parables. 

78. Observations upon the Plagues 
inflicted upon the Egyptians, by Jacob 
Bryant. London, 1794, 8vo,7*. 

* A venr learned and curious work on the 
plagues of Egrypt, in which this series of miracles 
is critically investigrated and shewn to afford 
most convmcing evidences of the divine mis- 
sion of Moses. —Bp. Van Mildert (1.) Se- 
cond Edition. London, 1810, 8vo, 7s. 

(2.) Observations upon some Passages of 
Scripture which the Enemies to religion have 
thought most obnoxious, and attended with diffi- 
culties not to be surmounted, by Jacob Bryant. 
London, 1803, 4to, 9s. In this, as in his 
Treatise on the Plagues of Egypt, Bryant 
' brings forward some valuable treasures of 
dassioU and historical learning, in illustration 
of these narratives of holy writ, and shews, with 
much iniquity, how admirably these divine 
interpositions were adapted to put to confusion 
the idolaters of the heathen world, and almost 
to force upon them an acknowledgment of the 
Supreme Jehovah.'— Bp. A'^an MuderL 

79. Illustration of the Method of ex- 
plaining the N. T. by the early Opinions 
of Jews and Christians concerning Christ, 
by W. Wilson, B.D. Camb., 1797. 

8vo, 6*. 

This may justly be considered as a refutation 
of Dr. Pnestley^s Histoiy of Early Opinions. 

il . ) New Edition , revised by Thomas Tu arov, 
).D. London, 1838, Bvo, publ. at 8s. 

80. Critical Remarks on many impor- 
tant Passages of Scripture, with Disser- 
tations on the Phraseoloffv of t}ie N. T., 
by the Rev. Newcome Cappb. York, 
1802, 8vo, 2 vols., 7s. 

The author was an Unitarian minister. Dr. 
Maltby observes ' A great part of his Critical 
Remarks turns upon points of controversy, and 
is at variance witn the sentiments of Christians 
of almost every denomination.' 

81 . Attempt to rescue the Holy Scrip- 
tures from lUdicule, by a New Transla- 
tion of the various controverted Passages,- 
illustrate with Notes critical and philo* 



sophical, by Robert Tomlimbom. Lon- 
don, 1803, 8vo, 5s. 

82. Researches into the Phraseokwy, 
Manners, Historv, and Reli||rion of uie 
Ancient Eastern Nations, as lUustrative 
of the Sacred Scriptures; and into tiw 
Accuracy of the English Translation of 
the Bible, by William Burton. Lon- 
don, 1805, 8 vo, 2 vols. 

Thiscompilation contains materials of variow 
value — in the introduction will be found le- 
marks on the Septuagint, the Samaritan FflBta^ 
teuch, and the Talmud. 

83. Remarks on various Texts of Scrip- 
ture, by Ed. PoPHAM , D.D. London, 
1809, 8vo, 5f. 

84. Observ. on select Passages of the 
O. T., by the Rev. Wm. Vansittabt. 
Oxford, 1812, 8vo, 4s. 

* Fouxided on a perusal of ParKHM* Travek 
from Aleppo to Bagdad.' 

85. Eastern Mirror, by the Rev. W. 
FowLSR. Exeter, 1814, 8vo, &s. 

Principally taken finMn Harmer, Burder aad 
others. 

86. Biblical Gleanings, by Thomas 

Wbmyss. York, 1816, 8vo, 7'. 

A very valuable but ill-airanfed compilatioB, 
containing a large ooUectioii of passages whi^ 
have been considered mistranslated in the 
£n^lish version^ with proposed corrections. It 
notices also the unportont various readings, &c. 

87. The Scripture Testimonj to the 
Messiah, an Inquirer, with a View to a 
satisfactory Determmation of the Doe- 
trine taught in the Holy Scriptures con- 
cerning the Person of Christ, by John 
Pye Smith, D.D. London, 1818-21, 

8vo, 3 vols.. 15s. 

A truly valuable work containing nnmeroas 
philological and critical explanatiooB of im- 
portant passages of Scripture. (1.) Second 
edition, much improved and enlaroed. Lon- 
don, 1829, 8vo, 3 vol^ (2.) Ano£ber. Lon- 
don, 1837, 8vo, 3 vols. 

88. Scripture Testimonies to the 
Di\dnitv of Christ, collected and ilfais- 
trated oy the Rev. George Holdsh, 
M.A. Lond., 1820, 8vo, 9s. 

89. Biblical Fragments, by Mary Anne 

SCHIMMBLPBNNINCK. LoudoU, 1821-2, 

8vo, 2 vols., 14s. 

Orme observes, 'Mrs. Schimmel pfnninc k 
invariably endeavours to promote the groat end 
of revelation — the practical influence of the 
character of God upon the hearts of the chil- 
dren of men.* She displays a considerable 
knowledge of the Hebrew language, evidently 
derived nrom Hutchinsonian resources; ima 
been greatly indebted to the French Port 
Royal writers ; and is rather partial to aUe- 



313 



BIBLICAL DISQUISITIONS, &c. 



314 



fvnii^, and discoYen ipiritoal meaniogs 
wbcre perbqw nothing of tfati nature if in- 
temled. 

90. Oriental Customs, or an lUustra- 
tkm of the Sacred Scriptures by an ex- 
planatory Application of the Customs 
and Manners of the Eastern Nations, bv 
the Rer. S. Burdeb, A.M. Sixth Edi- 
tioo, enlarged. London, 1822, 8vo, 2 

T0b.,14«. 

Bat edition. Bmder'B work is chiefly a com- 
piktioa from Hanner and others. It contains 
atDT things not in Hanner, bat it leaves out 
Bach that is valuable in that author. (1.) 
Orieolal Literature applied to the Illostntion 
of the Sa^ed Scriptures, designed as a Sequel 
to OricDtal Customs, by the Kev. S. Burobr, 
AJf. Londtm, 1822, 8to, 2 vols. 14«. (2,) 
Onental Costoms applied to the Illustration 
of the Sacred Scrip^ires, by Samuel Burder, 
MJi. London, 1831, 12mo,publ. at 8«. This 
f olome consists of selections from the two pre- 
eeding works, with some additions, and is de- 
■gaed for general readers and for young per- 
iOBS, as weU as thoae of studious habits Bur- 
der't works, in the opinion of the Rev. £. 
fiickenteth, 'contain many valuable illustra- 
tiooB, gathered from different sources.' 

91. Jewish, Oriental, and Classical 
Antiqtuties, by the Rev. Dan. Guildford 
Wait, LL.I>. Camb., 1823, 8vo, 7*. 

Aa ^de worii, containing illustrations of the 
Sc riptiir es and classical records frt>m Oriental 



92. ninstrations of the Holy Scrip- 
tures, by the Rev. George Paxton. 
Second Edition enlarged, with a Map. 
E&b., 1825, 8vo, 3to1s., 21s. 

Vafanhle iUustrations in three parts — 1st, 
Cram the jpeography of the East ; 2a, from the 
■aOBal faatory of the East ; and 3dly, horn 
the costoms and mannen of ancient and modem 



93. Oriental Observations, and occa- 
•kmal Criticisms, more or less illustrat- 
mg tereral hundred Passages of Scrip- 
tore, by John Callaway. London, 
1827, 12ino, 3s. 

The aathor resided about ten yean as a mis- 
tt Ceylon. 



9S. Scriptiure Difficulties examined, 
with i View to their Solution, by Wil- 
hsm Cabpsictbr. London, 1828, 8vo, 
Ss. 

' Dengned for the use of general readers.' 
Id tbs examination the author elucidates 700 
in the Old and New Testament 



96. Biblical Notes and Dissertations, 
diieiy intended to confirm and illustrate 
tbe Doctrine of the Deity of Christ, with 
>oiBe Remarks on the practical Iinpor- 
taace of that Doctrine, by Jos. John 
(iVRMBY. London, 1830, 8vo, 7s. 



97. Kritische Geschichte do* Reli- 
gionsideen der Alten Testaments, von 
C. P. W. Grambbro, mit einer Vorrede, 
von Dr. W. Gbsbniub. Berlin, 1830, 
8vo, vols. 1 & 2, 2Ss. 

98. Observations, Critical, Explana- 
tory, and Practical, on the Canonical 
Scriptures, by Mary Cornwallis. Se- 
cond Edition, enlarged. London, 1831, 
8vo, 4 vols., publ. at 42s. 

A judicious and pleasing companion in the 
perusal of the Holy Scriptures. 

99. Discourses and Dissertations on 
the Scriptural Doctrines of Atonement 
and Sacrifice, by William M age e, D.D., 
Abp. of Dublin. A new Edition. Lon- 
don, 1832, 8vo, 3 vols., publ. at 31s. 6d, 

This truly valuable work, in conjunction 
with Dr. J. P. Smith's Scripture Testimony, 
forms the most elaborate defence and proof of 
the Deity of Jesus Christ extant in our Ian- 
guage. From firequently consulting them.says 
the Rev. T. H. Home. I can with confidence 
state that they are works of which the student 
will never regret the purchase. 

100. Yindicise Biblicte; a Series of 
Notices and Elucidations of Passages in 
the O. and N. Testament, which have 
been the subject of attack and misrepre- 
sentation by deistical writers [by David 
Walthbr.] London, 1832, 8vo, 3s. 6d. 

101. The Truth of Revelation demon- 
strated by an Appeal to existing Monu- 
ments, Sculptures, Gems, Corns, and 
Medals, by a Fellow of several Learned 
Societies, with Plates. London, 1832, 

12mo. publ. at 10s. 

An interesting little volume, calculated not 
less to please than to instruct and convince. 

102. Illustrations of the Sacred Scrip- 
tures, collected from the Ctistoms, Man- 
ners, Rites, Superstitions, &c. of the 
Hindoos, by the Rev. Joseph Robbrtb. 
London, 1835, 8vo, publ. at 18s. 

This admirable compendium is replete with 
interesting matter, and in a condensed form 
contains more illustrations of Holy Writ than 
any other work in our languajge. The author 
was ordained a Weskyan missionary to the 
East in 1818, and remained there for nearly 
fourteen years.~British Critic 

103. Elucidations of interesting Pas- 
sages in the Sacred Volume, drawn from 
the Works of celebrated Commentators 
and Travellers, edited by the Authors of 
' The Odd Volume,' &c. Edinb., 1835, 
18mo, 2 vols. 

' Adapted for the use of schools.' 

104. Key to the Symbolical Language 
of Scriptture, by which many Passages 



are explained and iliuftraled, by Thomas 

Wbmtbs. Edinb., 1835, 8vo. 

A most excellent and yatuable work founded 
on the s3rmbolical dictionary of Daubui. with 
additions from Vitringa, Ewaldus, and othen. 

105. Eastern Manners illustrative of 
the Old Testament History, by the Rev. 
Robert Jamibbon. Edinb., 1836, 18mo, 

38, 6d, 

Instead of giving detached onconnected il- 
lustrations, the author adopts a re^r^ilar stream 
of narrative, lending us at once to understand 
the general scope and the specific details of the 
O. T. records. The work is well worthy of 
notice. (1.) Eastern Manners^ as illustrative 
of the N. T. History contained m the Gospels, 
by the Rev. Robert Jamiison. Edinb., 1838, 
18mo,3f.6(i. 

106. Christologry of the Old and New 
Testament, by theKev. J. A. Stbphbn- 
80N. London, 1838, 8vo, 2 vols., publ. 
at21«. 

11. HIBTORIBS OP THB BIBLB, CON- 
NBCTION8 OF BACRBD AND PRO- 
PANB HISTORY, AND 8CRIPTURB 
BIOGRAPHY. 

1. Petri CoMBBTORiB Historia Scho- 

lastica. 

This abstract of Sacred History, which has 
been confounded with the Scriptures, was at 
one period a most popular work. It is now in 
very little estimation. 

2. Histoires du V. ct du N. Testa- 
ment, repr^s. avec des Figures, et par 
des Explications tiroes des SS. Per^s par 
le Sr. de Royaumont. Paris, 1670, 

large 4to. 

This, the first edition, is the most esteemed 
in France. The work b generally attributed 
to Nic. Fontaine, and has been frequently re- 
printed. (I.) L'Histoire du V. et du N.T. 
repr^. avec des Figures et des Explications 
tirees des SS. Peres par Louis Isaac Le Mais- 
TRB DE Sacy. Pans, P. de Bats, 1823, fol., 
25«. The same work as the foregoing. An 
English translation of Royaumont's work, with 
numerous plates, supervised by Dr, Horaeck. 
and generally known by the name of Richard 
Blome's History of the Old Testament, ap- 
pMred at London in 1680, foL, 2 vols., 36s. 
Another in 1701, fol., 20t. 

3. Histoire du V. et du N.T. r^res. 
en Tadlle-douce par Rom. de Hooge,avec 
une Explication par Jac. Babnaob. 
Amst., 1704, fol., 20*. 

This is considered the best edition. 

4. Fred. Spanhsmii Introductio ad 
Historiam et Antiquitates Sacras. 

The most complete edition of this highly 
valuable and learned introduction is to be found 
in Professor Spanheim's Works. (1.) Eccle- 
siastical Annals from the Commencement of 
the Scripture History to the Sixteenth Century : 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



316 



beinga oomprcand Tiaaalatioii [wiAi oolei] ef 
thelntrodactio ad Histonam ct AnedaoilalB 
Sacras of Professor Spanheim, of Leyden ; to 
which are prefixed the Elements of Chronokigy, 
Chronological Tiibles, and the Geographr of 
Paltftine, by the Rev. George Waioirr. Lon- 
don, 1828, 8vo. 

An account of various Ecdesiastieal Hislanei 
of the Old and New Testament will be fbvod 
in Walchii Bibliotheca Theobgica Selnjta, 
iii, 145-80, some of whidi will be noticed in a 
subsequent portion of this work. 



5. The History of the Old 

methodised, with a History of Jewish 
Affairs to Uie Birth of our Saviour bj 
Sam. Cradock, B.D. London, 16&3, 

fol., 7s, 
See coL 73, no. 14. 



5a. Histoire du V. et du N. 
ment [par David Martin], avec 424 
Planches. Amst., P. Mortier, 1700, IbL, 

a vols. 

This, generally entitled ' Bible de Mortier/it 
only valued for the engravings. After a Nw 
of the last pUte of the Apocalypae ( v^. 3l pig. 
143.) were taken off, a mctore occarred, aad 
in the later impressions the plate ' fet aooon- 
mode6 avec des clous.' Copies, aceofding to 
Brunet, ' avant les clous' are valued firam 8Q Is 
120 fr., and on large paper, from 120 to 160 
fr. ; those ' avec les dons,' 60 to 73 fr.; large 
paper, from 80 to 120 fr. Some copies have s 
Dutch text, Uie value of whidi are froen 6D to 
100 fr. according to the goodness of tka in- 
pressions. 

6. History of the O. and N. T.. ^ 
tempted in Verse, by tke Rev. Sam. 
Wesley, with 330 Sculptures by J. 
Sturt London, 1704, sm. Svo, 3 volt, 

10$. 6d. 

Still held in some estimation. (1.) A New 
Edition, with wood cuts. London, 18 , 18n», 
3 vols., 7s. 6d. 

7. Compleat Historv of the Bihk. 

with Notes, by Laur. Uowsl, ako 150 

Cuts by J. Sturt London, 1716, 8va, 

3 vok., 155* 

Several editions. (1.) New Edition, m- 
larged by the Rev. Georse BtmDBa, with 
PUtes. London, 1806, 12mo, 3 vols.. 10s. 6d. 

8. History of the Holv Bible, by 
Thomas Stackhouss, A. M. New 
Edition, with Additions and Correctioos, 
by George Glbio, Bp.of the Scotch Epis- 
copal Church, also a Portrait and Maps. 
London, 1817, 4to, 3 vols., 27s. ; my. 
paper, 365. 

This elaborate woit was more esteemed ca 
iti fint publication than afterwards. A eeuidia g 
to Orme, the history is minute on trifling, and 
brief on important points ; the infidel qImc- 
tion is often strongly stated, and weiAJy 
answered ; the criticisms on pasn^ areeddoo 
original or profound ; the theological aeutim eati 



317 



HISTORY OF THB BIBLE. 



31S 



lie odiher oomet nor conntent; and as a 
Tiewof tbe oonneiioo between sacred and pio- 
fuehaforj, it is infinitely inferior to Shucklord 
udPridetax. 

9. Hktory of the O. T. digested ac- 
oordiDg to tne Order of Time, connected 
with Profane History, and illustrated 
vidi Notes, by John Campbell, LL.D. 
Loodoo, 1738, foL, 2 vols., ISs. 

10. Sacred History of the O. and N. 
T.,firom tke Creation of the World till 
the Days of Constantine the Great, re- 
duced into Annals, by William Whis- 
TON. Loxkd:, 1745-6, 8vo, 6 vols., 30*. 

U. Short Yiew of the whole Scripture 
Hiitonr, with a Continuation of the Jew. 
iifa kmin, from the Old Testament till 
theTimeoJf Christ, with Figures relating 
to the Camp, Tabemade, and Wwship 
of the Jews, hy Isaac Watts, D.D. 
Sn>,5f.; 12mo, 4*. 

NiMraas editioos. It is highlj useful for 
t^ who are unable to purchase the more ez- 
pOBTe eoauDCDtaries. 

12. Tlie Scripture History, from the 
CMon to the Birth of Chri8t> with 
NotM, histor. and ezplan., and a set 
of Chronolodcal Tables, by Andrew 
TaoMsoif. Bristol, 1826, 12mo, 4t. 

The doifn cannot be too highly commended 
-ttoatfineof the Scripture hifltorf in the form 
ofqveKioo and answer. ( 1.) The Scripture His- 

Sof tlie N.T.. with occas. Notes and illustr., 
a Geogr. index, by Andrew Thomson. 
l^nL. 1837, 12mo, 2s. 6rf. The volumes are 
otaded fbrschoda and bmiUes. 

13. An^ysis of the Historical Books 

QfdieO. T, with Notes and References 

to the most approved Commentators. 

Oxfcfd, 1828, 12mo, 6#. 

IVtaseMwork is divided into eight por- 
tBM« 6aai Moses to Jonah. 

14. History of the Bible, by the Rev. 
G. R. Glxio. London, 1830, fsc. 8vo, 
*n)b.,piibLat 10*. 

A iieAJoompendium principally derived from 
"i me^% edition of Stackhouse^s work. 

15. Scripture History for Youth, by 
Ww Hewlett, now Copley, witn 
^ Eogrtrings. London, 182dy l6mo, 
2^,wibLatl8s. 

^^JWjdaa and aaccution of this work are 
^^^■gUv creditable to the piety, talents, re- 
^^J^^.ind tsste, of the esteemed author : the 
'^ are very pLnriufr illustrations.'— 

1 Magarine. (1.; Brief View of 
. '^''*'^» ^'^"^ the Creation of the 
; ^pd»t a the Destruction of Jerusalem by the 
^^^ ^^ Questions for Examination at 
^ of each chapter; and a Glossary ex- 
Words and PhrMes pecuUar to Scrip- 



ture, or there used in a sensediffeient firom that 
in common acceptation, by Esther Copley. 3«. 

16. Sacred History for Latin Versifi- 
cation, b^ the Rer. F. Hodgson. Se- 
cond Edition. 12mo, St. 6d, 

Intended chiefly for the use of schools. (1.) 
A Key to the above. Roy. 8vo, pubi. at lOt. 6d. 

17. Sacred History in the Form of 
Letters, by John Wood, Esq. Edinb., 
1830, &c., 18mo, 7 vols., publ. at 3s. 
each. 

This work has been pronounced a great d^> 
sidenitum in the historical instruction of youth. 
It comprises tbe whole period from the creation 
to the destruction of Jerusalem ; and hence, 
besides elucidating the Scriptures of the Old 
and New Testament, it puts the reader in pos- 
session of the little-known but deeply-inte- 
resting history of the Jews. 

17 a. Historical Epitome of the O. 
and N. T. and a Part of the Apocrypha, 
by a Member of the Church of England. 
A new Edition, corrected and amended, 
with Engravings. London, 1835, 12mo, 

68. 

In this usefrd voL the events are arranged in 
chronologioal Older. 

18. The Sacred and Profieme History 
of the World, connected from the Crea- 
tion of the World to the Dissolution 
of the Assyrian Empire, by Samuel 
Shuckford, D. D. Third Edition. 
London, 1743, 8yo, 4 vols., 24^. 

This unfinished work is ill arranged, but 
notwithstanding the drawback, it has become, 
as a companion to Prideaux, a standud book 
in divinity. (L) An Edition. London, 1808, 
8vo, 4 vola^ 30f. (2.) Another. Oxford, 
Clarendon Press, 1810, 8vo, 2 vols., jrobl. at 
25i. in sheets. (3.) New Edition, revised by 
J. Creighton, with Maps and Plans. Lon- 
don, 1819, 8vo, 4 vols., 30s. Shuckford, Bus- 
sell, and Prideaux take different periods and 
complete one subject. 

19. The Old and New Testament 

connected, in the History of the Jews 

and neighbouring Nations, from the 

declension of the Kingdoms of Israel 

and Judah to the time of Christ, by 

Humphrey Prideaux, D.D. London, 

1749, 8vo, 4 vols., 24s. 

There are few works in theologv of more 
value to the student than Prideaux s Connec- 
tien ; and the popularity which it enjoys is 
equal to its merit. According to Orme, it 
* contains a large mass of midition and accurate 
information on every topic of Jewish history 
and antiquities, and on ail the links which con- 
nected that peculiar people with the surround- 
ing nations. It is indispensable to the biblical, 
and interesting to the general, scholar.' (1.) 
An Edition. Oxford, 1820, 8vo, 4 vols., 3Qi. 
(2.) An Edition. London, 1828, 8vo, 3 vols., 
I5i. (3.) Twentieth Edition. London, 1831, 



319 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



3M 



Bfo,2vo\B., I81. (4.) New Edition, with Por- 
trait, Plates, and copious Index. Oxford, 
Clarendon Press, I8SN3, 8to, 2 vols., pub. at 
18s. There is an edition of Prideaux s Con- 
nectioiK in Dutch, enriched with the observa- 
tions of John Dierberg^— Seller. 

(5.) Proposals for oompletingr Dr. Prideaux's 
Connection of the O. and N. T. : or the Sacred 
History of the Jewish and Christian Church, 
from the Creation of the World till the Mar- 
mdom of Polycarp, by William Whiston. 
Lond., 1741,8vo. 

20. The Connexion of Sacred and Pro- 
fene History, from the Death of Joshua 
until the Decline of the Kingdoms of 
Israel and Judah, by the Rev. Mich. 
Russell, LL.D. London, 1827-32, 
Svo, 3 vols., pub. at 42s. 

Intended to complete the works of Shuck- 
ford and Prideaux. There are very few persons, 
whose knowledge and comprehension of the 
subjects investigated by Dr. Kussell will not be 
materially extended by the study of his valuable 
work. An article on chronology with a notice 
of Dr. Russell*s Connection, will be found in 
the Westm. Review, xvi, 327-41. 

21. Scripture Characters, or a Practi- 
cal Improvement of the Principal Histo- 
ries in the Old and New Testament, by 
Thomas Robinson, M.A. Svo, 4 vols., 
20s, i Svo, 3 vols., 15«. ; Svo, 2 vols., 
lOs. ; Svo, in 1 vol., 85. ; 12mo, 4 vols., 

10*. 

' A practical and excellent improvement of 
the pnndpal histories in the Bible.' The work 
'has been very useful.' — Bickersteth. A writer 
in the Eclectic Review for 1828, observes 
Robinson's Scripture Characters are by some 
considered too prolix and sermonizing. (1.) 
New Edition revised, with Life, by the Kev. 
Peter Hall. London, 1837, 12mo, 4 vols., 
pub. at 21s. A very correct and neat edition. 
(2.) Robinson's Scnpture Characters, abridged 
for the use of jroung persons. London, 1816, 
12mo.3f.6d. 

(3.) Female Scripture Characters, exempli- 
frinff Female Virtue, by Mrs. King. Twelfth 
Edition, with a Memoir of the Author, and a 
Portrait Lond. 1838, 12mo, pubL at 6f. An 
esteemed work, comnosed expressly to supply 
the absence of Female Scripture Characters in 
the Rev. Thos. Robinson's volumes. 

(4.) Scripture Characters ; in a Series of 
(31 ) Practical Sermons preached at St James's 
Church, Bath, by the Rev. Richard Warner. 
Bath, 1810-1, 12mo, 2 vols. 

22. Sacred Biospiphy, or the History 
of the Patriarchs [and part of the His- 
tory of Jesus Christ] : being a Course 
of Lectures delivered at the Scots 
Church, London Wall, by Henry Hun- 
ter, D.D. London, 1783, &c., Svo, 7 

vols., 42*. 

This work was very popular, but by some it 
b considered too splendid and difiuse. Other 
Editions in Svo, 5 vols., 25i. *, Svo, 2 vols., 14s. 

(1.) Female Scripture Biography, indudingr 



an Essay on what Cbristiaiiity has dooe for 
Women, by F. A. Cox, A.M. London, 1817. 
Svo, 2 vols., lOt. Tins work is on the plan of 
the well known publications of the Rev. T. 
Robinson and Dr. H. Hunter, to each of whaeh 
it forms a desirable supplement 

23. Scripture Biography, or lives 
and Characters of the pnncipal Pemm- 
ages recorded in the O. and N. T., by 
John W ATKINS, LL.D., with Plates. 
London, 1812. 12mo, 4s. 6d, 

Well adapted to the instmctioQ of youth. 

24. Scripture Portraits, or Biogrmphi- 
cal Memoirs of the most distini^iished 
Characters recorded in the Old Testa- 
ment and in the Evangelists, by Robert 
Stbvbnson. London, 1817-30, 12ido, 
4 vols. 

25. Scripture Biography for rather 
Characters], by the Kby. R. W. Eva its, 
in two Series. London, 1S34«^, sm. Svo, 
pub. at 6s. each. 

An interesting and excellent work, ^wrmity 
a portion of the Theological Library. 

26. Scripture Biography, compre- 
hending all the Names mentumed in the 
Old and New Testaments, by Eitfaer 
Hbwlbtt, now Coplby. LoDdoo, 
1836, Svo, pub. at 14t. 

The arrangement is alphabetical, mod a duo- 
nological table exhibits the leading contenpo- 
rary characters of each successive period. 

27. Scripture Biography, contatniBg 
the Lives of Eminent Persons mentkmed 
in the Old and New Testaments, wiUi an 



Essay on Sacred Biomphy, by 
Flbmino, D.D. Edmb., 1838, 



toy. 




Svo, pub. at ISt. 

28. Bible Biography, or Conne^ed 
History of the Lives ana Conduct of the 
Principal Characters of the O. and N. 
T., by E. Farb. London, 1838, he 
Svo, 4s. 6d. 

A series of narratives of the patriardift, 
phets, and apostles, in. as far 
the language of the Bible. 

29. De Vita et Morte Moaia 
tres, Hebr. edidit, Lat. Interpr. et Nods 
illustravit Gilb. Gaulmtn. Pkris., 1629. 
Svo, 7s. 6d. 

'D'une raret^ extrteie.' — VoHaiPB, IhiA 
Philosophique. 

30. Eight Lectures on the History of 
Jacob, by the Rev. Henry Blukt. 
London, 1828, 12mo, 45. 6<L 

Mr. Blunt's Lectures are greatly 
and have g^ne through many editions. 

(1.) Twelve Lectures upon the Hi 
Abraham, by the Rev. Henry Blvnt. 1! 

31. Lectures on the History of Jo8q>h«l 







311 



SCRIPTURE BIOGRAPHY. 



322 



bj Geoige Lawson, D. D. Edinb., 
1813, 12mo, 2 vols., 78. 

A pKNu and Beosible work, full of sound 
docbme, and nlutary admonition and instnic- 
tioa.--OiTiie. 

33. Davidica: Twelve Practical Ser- 
moos on the life and Character of 
Dtvid, King of Israel, by Henry 
Thompson, M.A. London, 1827, 8vo, 
pob. at lOr. 6J. 

Highly commended in the Christian Re- 
naabrancer for 1828. 

(1.) An Hjstorica) Account of the Life and 
Rflgn of David, Kingr of iarael, interspersed 
vitb Tarioos Conje<^ures, Digressions, and 
KiqiUBtioos [by Patrick Delany, D.D.l. 
Loadon, 1740-2, 8vo, 3 vols., 9s. This work, 
v'M.ttys Orme, ' discovers both learning and 
fenof above mediocrity,' is generally consider- 
ed is£erior to that of V>r, Chandler. It was se- 
veral times reprinted in 8vo, 2 vols., 7s. 6(/. 

(1) llie History of the Man after God's 
o«B Heut 1761, sm. 8vo, b$, ' In this vile 
podadioD,' says Orme, David is represented 
•» aa example of perfidy, lust, and cruelty : fit 
nly to be mked with such monsters as Nero 
tod Caligula.' (3.) A Review of the History 
of the Nan after God's own Heart, by Samuel 
uiisoiu, D.D. Lend., 1762, 8vo, 3s. In 
uBvork *the falsehoods and misrepresenta- 
<w» of tkc hi^orian are exposed and corrected.' 
. (4.) Critieal Historv of the Life of David, 
mvUeli the principal Events are ranged in 
jd» of time ; the chief Objections of Mr. 
^'Vt and others are examined and refuted ; 
ad tbe Piafans, which refer to him, are ex- 
^aed, by Samuel Cilandler, D.D. Lon- 
don, 1786, 8vo, 2 vols., 12s. The most valuable 
oftbiB learned diaseating minister's works, 
mnding, says Orme, with solid learning, 
^^ate resevch, and many important and 
jngiaal views. Of the two biographers of 
Mvid, Delany and Chandler, the Hev. £. 
"icmleth obaenres ' Chandler is more critical 
■ad Biore sober in judgement : Delany has finer 
wfbtiaod more taste. Chandler too much 
Pd&ato David's crimes.' 

32 a. The Great Exemplar of Sanctity 
and Holy life according to the Christian 
^Mtitation; described in the History of 
tbe life and Death of Jesus Christ, with 
^Considerations and Discourses, &c., by 
Jertmy Taylor, Bishop of Down and 
Connor. London, 1653, fol. 

Amoch esteemed work, with portrait and 
P*>te by Faithome. It has been several 
^■■aes reprinted. (1.) An Edition. London, 
»n. 8vo, 2 vob., 14s. {%) A New and Re- 
used Edition, by the Rev. R. Philip, of Ma- 
g ny C hapel, with Engrav. firom the Old 
Makers, 4to, 12 pts in 1 voL, pub. at 2s. each. 
Aa able and interesting analysis of the Great 
ucaipbr wUl be found in Bp. Heber*s Me- 
■«» of Jeremy Taylor. 

(3-) The Life of our Blessed Saviour, an 
"yic Poem, in ten Books, by Sam. Wesley, 
^ Cats. London, 1697, fol. Best edition. 
" ••• leprinted a few years since, with wood- 
«ti» in t8mo,2 vols., b$. 



(4.) Of the True Years of the Birth, and or 
the Death of Christ, by Nich. Mann. London, 
1733, 8vo, 4s. An able work. A Latin ver- 
sion appeared in 1742, 8vo, 4s. 

(5.5 Life of Christ, together with the Lives 
and Suffering of the Apostles, Evangelists^ 
and other Pnmitive Martyrs, by John Fleet- 
wood, with Plates. 4to, 10s. 6d. Numerous 
editions. 

(6.) The History of the Life of Jesus Christ, 
with Observations and Reflections, by George 
Benson, D.D., with Portrait. London, 1764, 
4to, 18s. ' Dr. G. Benson's theological senti- 
ments were Arian, verging to Socinian.' — 
Orme. His work was not completed, but the 
plan, though not perfected, is excellent — Con- 
greg. Magazine for July, 1833. 

(7.) Observations on the History of Jesus 
Christ, by David Hunteb, D.L). Edinb., 
1770, sm. 8vo, 2 vols., 5s. An agreeable and 
instructive work. 

(8.) Connected History of the Life and Di- 
vine Mission of Jesus Christ, by the Rev. 
Newcome Cappe. York, 1809, 8vo, 5s. 

(9.) The Chronology of our Saviour's Life, 
or an Inquiry into the true time of the Birth, 
Baptism, and Crucifixion of Jesus Christ, 
by the Rev. C. Benson. Camb., 1819, 8vo, 
6s. 

(10.) Tbe Early Life of Christ an Example 
to the Voung, by Henry March. Loud., 1827, 
12mo, 4s. This work is admirably conceived 
and judiciously executed. 

(11.) The Private Lifie of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, considered as an Example to all his 
Disciples, and a Demonstration of his Mission, 
by Thomas Williams, editor of * The Cottage 
Bible.* London, 1833, 12mo, pub. at 7s. This 
excellent work is distributed into 22 chapters, 
and concluded by a review, and a demonstra- 
tion of the truth of Christianity from the moral 
character of its author. 

(12.) Lectures on the History of our Lord 
and Saviour Jesus Christ, by the Rev. Henry 
Blunt. 12mo, 3 pts., pub. at 16i.6(f. Numer- 
ous editions. 

(13.) The Gospel History of our Lord and 
Saviour Jesus Christ, by Lucy Barton, with a 
Preface by Barnard Barton, and Plates. Lond., 
1837. pub. at 6s. An excellent little work for 
youth. 

For other histories of Jesus Clirist, see Har- 
monies of the Old and New Testament, col. 
70, &c. 

33. Apostolical History from Christ's 
Ascension to the Destruction of Jerusa- 
lem, by Sam. Cradock. London, 1672, 
fol., *!s. 6d. 

See col. 73. no. 14. 

33 a. Antiquitates ApostolicsD, or the 
History of the Lives, Acts, and Matyr- 
doms of the Holy Apostles, and of the 
two Evangelists, Mark and Luke, by 
Wm. Cavb, D.D. Lond., 1677, fol. 

Dr. Cave's work/ requires to be consulted 
by all men of ecclesiastical views.' (1.) Cave's 
Lives of the Apostles ; to which are added Se- 
lections from tlie Lives of the Apostolic Fathers, 
with Notc^, and an Introductory Essay by llie 

V 



333 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



3M 



Pev. Henry Stsbung, M.A. 2 toIb. The 
editor's notes and introductory essay are valu- 
able additions. 

34. The Life and Character of St. 
John the Evangelist, hy the Rev. Dr. 
Kbummachbr. Edinb.y 1839» 2«. 6d, 

35. Portrait of John the Baptist, or 
an Illustration of his Character and 
Doctrine, in a series of Practical Dis- 
courses, by Henry B&lpraob, D.D. 
Edinb., Id , roy. 18mo, 3s, 6i. 

36. The Life of Paul the Apostle, 
with critical and practicid Remarks on 
his Discourses and Writings, by Stephen 
Addinoton, D.D. London, 1784, 8vo. 

This work, says Orme, 'contains some things 
worthy of consideration.' 

( 1.) The Annals of St. Paul, by John Pear- 
son, Bp. of Chester^ transL from the Latin, and 
illustrated with critical and explan. Notes, by 
Jackson Muspratt Williams. Camb., 1826, 
12mo, 35. 6d, The original is to be found in 
the collective works of the author, and in Bp. 
Randolph's Enchiridion Theologicum. 

(2.) Portrait of St. Paul, or the True Model 
for Christians and Pastors, transl. from the 
French of the Rev. J.W. dela FLBciiERE,with 
some Account of the Author, by the Rev. 
Joshua Gilpin. Shrewsb., 1791,8vo,2vols.,7i. 
Reprinted in 1806, in 12mo, 4i. 

(3.) Life of the Aposlle Faul as related in 
Scripture; but in woich his Episdes are in- 
serted in that part of the History to which they 
are supposed respectively to belong ; with select 
Notes, critical and explanatory, relating to 
Persons and Places, and a Map of the Countries 
in which the Apostle travelled, by Joseph 
Oumey Bevan. London, 1807, 8vo, 6f. 
This narrative of Sl Paul's life is studiously 
related in the very words of Scripture, having 
only such additional matter as is necessary to 
introduce or connect the several parts. The 
work, says Orrae, is interesting, as affording 
some explanation of the theologrical sentiments 
of the Quakers. 

(4.) Christian Experience as displayed in the 
Lite and Writing[S of St. Paul by the Author 
of Christian ReturemenL 12mo, publ. at 6f . 

(5.) Lectures upon the History of St Paul, 
by the Rev. Henry Blunt. 12mo, 2 pts., pubt 
at lit. Frequently reprinted. 

37. Lectures on the History of St. 
Peter, by the Rev. Henry Blunt. 12mo, 
2 pts., publ. at 1 Is. 

Mr. Blunt*s lectures are very popular, and 
have been frequently reprinted. 

12. JEWISH HISTORY, ANTIQUITIES, 

Sec, AS CONNBCTSD WITH TUB 

SCRIPTURES. 

1. Jo. Chr. WoLFii Bibliotheca He- 
br»a, sive Notitia Auctorum Hebrseo- 
rum: accedit Jac. Gaffarelli Index 
Cod. Cabb. mss. quibus Jo. Pious Miran- 
dulus Comes usus est. Hamb. et Laps., 
1715-33, 4to, 4 vols., 56s. 



' C'est id une Bibliotbeqae H^brtioue, oe 
des livres qui a €tk toits en Hebreu, la ptoa 
complete qui ait encore vu le jour, et qui peut- 
^tre d'un grand usage a ceux qui sont curieux 
de cette sorte de livres.* The work *is by no 
means confined to Jewish authors, but takes 
ample scope amongst eminent Christian writ«s 
of all nations, who profess to assist the ftsdesft 
in the knowledge of the Old YestamanL*— 
Williams. (!.} H. F. Koicukri Nova Bib- 
liotheca Hebraica secundum Ordinem Bibhoth. 
Ilebr. J. C. Wolfii, cum pnefjtione J. C. 
EiCHOKNn. Jens, 1783, 4to, 2 torn, in 1 voL, 
18i. Much valuable information respecting 
the Jewish Expositors of the Holy Scnpturea 
will likewise be found in Carpzov's Introdnctb 
ad Libros Canonicos V. T., see coL 66. no. 18. 

2. Bibliotheca Magna Rabbinka de 
Scriptoribiis et Scriptis Hebraicis ordine 
alphab. Heb. et Lat. digestis, auctore 
D. Julio Bartoloccio de Cellena 
Romse, 1675-94, foL, 5 vols., 6/. 6s, 

* Of great use in biblical criticism. The titk 
of the nnh vol. is Bibliotheca Latino-H^mica, 
sive de Scriptoribus Latinis qui contrm JucUms 
vel de Re Hebraica utcumque s crip e ere, aao- 
tore C. J. Imbonato. 

3. J. B. De Rossi Bibliotheca Judaka 
Anti-christiana, qua editi et inediti Jo- 
dasorum Ldbri recensentur. ParmB. 
1800, roy. Svo, 7s, 6d, 

A scarce and very useful work. 
(1.) Dizionario storico degli AotoriEbteie 
dell< " " 



le loro Opere, da G. B. De-Rossi. 
1802, 8vo, 2 vols., 18f. 

(2.) Libri stampati de Lettermtura Saom 
Ebraica ed Orientale della Bibliotheca dd D. 
G. B. De-Ro«i, con Note. Panna, 1811, 
8vo. 

4. CoUectio Davidis, i.e. Catalogoi 
celeber. Bibliothecse Hebraics R. iStv. 
Oppsnhbimbr. Hamb., 1826, 8vo» 
\5s. 

This celebrated collection now forms a pait 
of the Bodleian Library. 

A List of Books on Subjects connected wkk 
the Jews, or Works more especially apnticakle to 
the Jews, will be found in the Hev. £. Bicker- 
steth's Christian Student; and Walch in his 
Bibliotheca mentions several Jewish books ■• 
containing the heads of their faith« vol. 1, 301-2, 
and has a considerable list of writings in con- 
troversies with them, 857-88. In the Chrirtiaa 
Review, vol. iii, are, says Mr. Bickerste<h, | 
some valuable remarks on the sul^ject of the 
Jews and Jewish Literature. 

5. Mischna, sive totius HebrKorum 
Juris, Rituiun, Antiquitatum, ac Lesnin 
Oralitun Systema, cum clariss. Rabbin. 
Maimonidis et Bartsnora Cmd- 
ment. integris, Heb. et Lat., NoCis 
illustr. Giu. SuRBNHUSiua. Amst.. 

1698-1703, fol., 6 vols., 70s, 

* A very beautiful and correct work, nimswrj 
to the library of every biblical critic and divine. 
He who has it, netd be solicttoiis for oothia^ 
more on the subject' — Dr. Adam Clarke Tb* 



326 



JEWISH ANTIQUITIES, &c. 



IlKdiM V the onl kw, which the Jews say 
God deKrered to Moses on Sinei, as explana- 
lory of the writteo Itw. Dr. Wotton ppo- 
iwuiees it to he ' a noble and authentic ooUec- 
tiott of what the Jews have built upon the law 
of Moms in crcry particular.' (h) Mischna, 
esB Commentarhs. Amst, 1712, 4to, 6 vols, 
in 3. 96t, (2.) Mischna, edidit J. M. Jost. 
BooL,1832-4, 4to, 6 pt8..52f.6d. Thiscon- 
itms the Hebrew text, with a German transla- 
tioo, eomment, &c., all in Hebrew characters. 
IVeditorisaneolosricalJew. (3.) Mischna, 
ocfcrdesTezt des Talmuds, tibm. umschiie- 
beo nod mid anmerkungen erlautert, von J. J. 
Rial. Ansbach, 1760-3, 4to, 6 vols., 40«. 

6. Tafannd Integrum, Hebraice. 
. Sueh is the estimation in which the Talmud 
B held bv the Jews, that the Rabbinical writers 
TOjoentiy wcfer it to the Scriptures ! They 
wmpire * the Scriptures to water, the Mishna 
to «ul^ and the Talmud or Gemara to aroma- 
be fpiccs.'—Townley. It is divided into two 
PMtf, die Mishna and the Gemanu "ITie 
Mfihoa is the teit. the Gemara the comment : 
•o^both together IS what we call the Talmud, 
a word aipifying doctrine or teaclung.' 

(L) Talorad Hierosolymitanum. Venet, 
wmberr. 1524. fol. The Jerusalem Talmud 
«n>piled principally for the Jews of Palestine, 
y composed about A.D. 230. (2. ) Talmud 
ftowolymitanum. Amst, 1710, fol. 
(3.) Tahnud Babylonicum Integrum ex Sapi- 



oihuiiScTtpttt et Responsiscompositum. a Rab. 
Asm, sddhis Comment. R. Salomoms Jar- 
^Vft It MosisMAnfOMiDis, Hebraice. Venet., 
gjomberg, 1600-2, foL, 12 vols. TheBaby- 
wa* Tahnud was befirun by Rabbi Asser, and 
wnpleted bv his snecesson about A.D. 600. 



-" ^-niuHB, io#5f, roi., / vois. 10,} laimud. 
^^ 1«0^, foL, 7 vols. (7.) Talmud Ba- 
opwucmn. Crac,1616,4to.8vols. (8.) Tal- 
««t Lnbtini. 1617, fol.. 14 vob. (9.) Talmud. 
W 1644, sm.fol., 14 vols.. £10. (10.) Tal- 
y»i W ad Viadr., 1697, fol., 12 vols. (11.) 
Tihnnd, Berol. ct Traj. ad Viadr. 1713-28. 
•^Mivok The Rev. T. H. Home mentions 
ttedftoQ as printed 'Berolini et Francofiirti, 

2f 'A^<«»' foho: nZ) Tahnud. Vien., 
™» fcl, 12 vols. (13.) Tahnud de Baby- 
•«« trad, en Lanfue Fran9aise, et complete 
PVeehnde Jerusalem et par d'autres Mijnu- 
!?«• de I'Antiquit^ Judaique, par TAbb^ 

"^■w». Lcipr.. 1831, 8vo. 2 vols., 27i. 

(K) Duo Trtuli Thalmudici Sanhedrin et 
*««»*: ^ Synedriis, JudiciU. et SuppUdis 
^;*l>™«s Ebneomm ; de Poena Testimonii, 
™ho. Asylis. et Flagelladone : cum Excerp- 
J»tt lOriiuque Gemara, a Jo. Cocii. Amst, 
W. ^. 7f . 6d. 

( i&) Tahnudis Babylonia Codex Middolh, 
•▼• de Mensuria Templi, cum Vers. Lat. et 
V*>»«rt. Const, L'Empxrxur. etcum Fwru- 
**, J-^f • Bat., 1630, 4to. 7i. 6d. 

U^) ClavB Talmudica, complectens For- 
"»!•« Loca dialect, et rhetor, veterum Judteo- 
™.^rBddita per Constant L'Empireur. 
L«yr. Bat. 1634, 4to, 15s. 

(17.) Jama, Codex Talmudicus de Sacrificiis 
•^^waqae Hinisleriis Diei Expiationis. Lat 



326 

▼ersus et Comment illustr. a Rob. Siixrikq. 
HAMio. Lond., 1648, 4to, 7i. 

(18.) MasserothBeraeoth, Titulus Talmudi- 
cus, io quo agitur de Benedictionibus, Precibus 
et Gratiarum Aclionibus, adjecta Vera. Lat, 
ed. Sam. Clbricvs. Oxon., 1^7, 8vo. 

(19.) Avoda Sara, Tractatus Talmud., sive 
de Idolatria Cap. i, e Gemara Babylonica Lat 
redd.et Notis illustr. a Seb. Edzardo. Hamb.. 
I705,4to,l0».6d. 

(20.) Tractatus Talmudici Biccurim, Cha- 
fing et Horajoth, i. e,, Libri Mischnici de Pri- 
mitiis, Textuet Stat Eccles. Israelitics, edentc 
— LuDOvico. Lips., 1712, 4to, 7$. 6d. 

(21.) HaUeoth Clam. Hanov.. 1714, 4te. 
A useful piece for understandingr toe Talmud. 
. (22.) Tahnudis Babylonici Codex Succa, 
sive de Tabemaculorum Festo, Ritus ejus atque 
Ceremonias exponens, Lat. donavit et Notis 
illustr. F. B. Dachs. Traj. ad Rhen., 1726. 
4to, 7f . 6rf. 

(23.) — Bashuisbn Clavis Talmudica 
Maxima, adiecit R. Mosche Usus Talmud, et 
Dissert de Talmude et Convere. Judaeorum. 
Hanov., 1740. 4to, 18*. 

(24.) — ScHMion Collect. Talmud. Libri 
duo, Heb. et Lat. Lips., 1770, 4to, 6i. 

(26.) Tractat Berachoth aus d. Hierosol. 
und BabyL Gemara iibersetzl, von J. J. Rabb. 
Halle, 17T7, 4to, 10». 6rf. 

7. Philonis Judjsi Opera. 

See, post. Fathers of the Christian Church. 



8. Flavii Josbphi Opera omnia. 

The value of the Jewish historian is well esti- 
mated by Dr. Lardner in his Collection of Te-ti- 
monies to the Truth of the Christian Religion. 
His Jewish Wars are much more important 
than his Antiquities ; the former supplies im- 
portant information no where else to be found, 
but the latter is full of fables, except where it 
closely adheres to the Scriptures. Michaelis 
observes ' this author ( Josepnus) is in general 
neglected, though he really furnishes the very 
best commentary on the Gospels and the Acts. 
I am persuaded, that, if the works of Josephus 
were made the subject of public lectures in our 
universities, the theological student would reap 
much greater benefit than from all the lectures 
on polemical divinity, of which the greater part 
of the clergy can make little use.* (1.) Fl. 
JosEPHi Opera, Gr. et Lat Notis iUustravit Jo. 
HuD80?i/u8. Oxon., e Theatre Sheldon., 1720, 
fol., 2 vols.. 25«. ; large paper, 42*. An elegant 
and valuable edition, highly commended by all 
biblio|rraphers. (2.) Fl. Josephi Opera om- 
nia, Ur.etLat cum Notis Variorum, recognita, 
&c., studio et labore Sig. Havercampi. Amst, 
1726, fol., 2 vols., 63i. : large paper, 6/. 5e, This 
is usually considered the editio optima, but the 
text is very carelessly printed. (3.) Fl. Jose- 
phi Opera, Gr. et Lat, curavit F. Oberthur. 
Lipsis, 1782-5, 8vo, vols, i-iii, 27i. This valu- 
able edition, which has never been completed, 
contains only the Greek text of Josephus. (40 
Fl. Josephi Opera omnia, Grsce, edidit C. £. 
RiCBTER. Lipsiie, 1826, 12mo, 6 vols. A 
neat edition. (5.) Fl. Josephi de Bello Ju- 
daico Libri septem, Gr. et Lat, ad Codicum 
fidem recogoovit, varias Lectiones adjecit, No- 
tis aliorum et suis illustravit £d. Car dwell. 



327 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



SS8 



S.T.P. Ozon., 16d8» 8vo, 2 vols., pubL at 24f. 
An excellent and well-printed eaition. (6.) 
The Genuine Works of Flavins Josephus, 
transl. ^m the Greek, and illuslr. with Plans 
and Descriptions of Solomon's. ZerobabeVs, 
Herod's, and Ezekiel's Temples, and Maps of 
Judea and Jerusalem; together with Notes, 
Observatbns, Contents, Parallel Passages of 
Scripture, 6ve Indexes, and the true Chrono- 
loflry of the several Histories adjusted in the 
Margin ; to which are prefixed eight Disserta- 
tions oy Wm. Whiston, M.A. London, 1737, 
fol., 42s. ; large paper, 63<. lliis is unquestion- 
ably the best translation of Josephus. It has 
gone tlm>ugh very many editions m 4to, 2 vols. ; 
8vo, 4 vols. ; 8vo, 2 vols. ; 8vo. in 1 vol. ; 12mo, 
— vols. ; IBmo, 6 vols., &c., the prices varying 
from 10s. to 36s. (7.) Wars of the Jews, as 
related by Josephus, adapted to the Capacities 
of Young Persons, Fifth Edition, with Lngrav- 
ings. Ix>ndon, 1839, 12mo, publ. at 6<. This 
woriL fully answers the professions of its title- 
page. 

9. JofliFPON, sive JosBPHi Bbn 
GoRiONis Historise Judaicse libri VI, 
ex Hebrseo Lat. vertit, Prsefat. et Notis 
iUustr. Jo. Gaonibr. Oxon., 1706, 

4io, 78, 

Joseph Ben Gorion is supposed to have lived 
about the end of the 9th century. His work is in 
little repute, and seems to have been extracted 
chiefly from Josephus. Dr. A. Clarke observes 
the work is a mean fabrication and unworthy 
of credit. H.^ Josephus Hebndcus cum Ver- 
sione et Notis Frid. Breithavpti. Goths, 
1701, 4to. lOf. This edition is in some esti- 
mation, The Hebrew 'se trouve & cote de la 
version de M. Breithaup en un caractere petit, 
mais assez net' There are two scarce CMiitions 
in the Hebrew, one printed at Mantua about 
1480, the other at Constantinople in 1510, both 
in 4to. (3.) History of the latter Times of the 
Jewes' Common-weale, beginning where the 
Bybel or Scriptures leave, wrytten in Hebrew 
bv Joseph Ben Gorion, and transl. by Peter 
MoRvvYNO. London, 1558, sm. 8vo, 7s. 6d» 
Frequently reprinted. An Edition, 1G94, sm. 
8vo, 5s. 

(4.) Heoestppx de Bello Judaioq et Urbis 
Tlierosol. Excidio Libri V., cum Notts et Scho- 
liis Com. GuALTHERi. Colon., 1559, 8vo, 6s. 
Of rare occurrence. Another Edition. Col., 
1575, 8vo, 4a. &/. A French translation by J. 
Millet de Saint-Amour, was publ. at Paris, in 
1551,4to,7s. 

(5.) Chronicon Hebncorum majus et minus, 
Heb. et Lat., ex Vers, et cum Notis J. Meye- 
lu. Amst, 1699, 4to, lOs. 6d. 

(6.) Hecatxi AbderitB Eclogs, sive Frag- 
menta integri olim Libri de Historia et Anti<}. 
Sacris Veterum Hebraeorum, Or. et Lat, Notis 
Jos. ScALiGEHi, et Comment P. Zornii. A1- 
tonae, 1730, 8vo, 6s. 

10. Rabbi Mosis Maimonidis Jad, 
sive Mischne Terah ; id est, Manus For- 
tisy sire Repetitio Legis. Venet., 1574-6, 
fol., 4 vols., 71* 7s, 

The celebrated Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon, 



usually called Maimonides, has loof bdd a 
distincpuished rank as a commentator and ex- 
pounder of the Mosaic >rritin^. and a writer 
on Hebrew antiquities. His \ ad Hachazakah 
is a compendium of the decisioas of the Jewish 
doctors token from the Talmud, and founded ea 
Scripture interpreted according to his PKCOO' 
ceived notions. Collier obeerves ' In Maimo- 
nides' Comp. of Jewish Law, in his book 
entitled Jaa, the reader will find the peHer 
part of the fables and impertinencies of the Til- 
mud discarded.' (I.) The Main PriodpUsof 
the Creed and Ethics of the Jews, exhibited ia 
Selections firom the Yad Hachaxakah of Mai- 
MONioEs, with a Literal English Trandstinn, 
copious Illustrations from the Talmud, &c., br 
Hermann Hedwig Bernard. Camb., 1832, 
8vo, publ. at 21s. The subjects selected by 
Mr. Bernard treat on the Deit^.on angels, pr»> 
pbecy, idolatry, repentance, sin, free will, pre- 
destination, the life heresifter, r e w a rd s uA 
punishments, and the love of God. Ajudyus of 
Bernard's work appeared in the Christian Re- 
membrancer for 1832, and in the Britisb Critic 
for 1833. 

(2.) Mosis Maimonidis More Nebochta; 
seu Doctor Perplexoruro ad dubia et obscoiio- 
ra Scripture Lqpa rectius intelligenda, veiaii 
Clavem, continens, Latine convems a Ja 
BuxTORFicfilio. BasiL, 1629, 4lo, 16^ Tbi 
edition of 1629 is usually considered the best 
The More Nevochim, or Teacher of the Per- 
plexed, is a critical, philosophical, and theokv 
gical work, intended to explain the diiBcah 
passages, phrases, parables, allegories, and 
oeremomes of the Old Testament ^3.) Tbt 
Reasons of the Laws of Moses, from tne More 
Nevochim of Maimonides, with Notes, Di«ier> 
tations, and a Life of the Author, by Jtaes 
TowNi.EY, D.D. Lond., 1827, 8vo. lO(.6dL 
The Reasons are every where replete witb 
sound sense, solid argument, and geouine |ib- 
losophy, and Dr. 1 ownley's introd. disseitatioBi 
and appended notes are very jiidicioi& Hm 
volume is deserving of a conspicuous pbee ia 
the library of every biblical student 

11. Thesaurus Antiquitatuin Sacn- 
rum, complectens select dariss. Vironun 
Opuscula, inquibus veterum Uebneonmi 
Mores, Leges, Instituta, Ritus sacri ei 
civiles, illustrantur, auctore Blasio Uoo- 
LINO. Venetiis, 1744-69, fol., 34 volt^ 
£40 to £50. 

This Treasure of Sacred Antiquities, oonliiB- 
ing nearly 500 different pieces— many of thns 
elaborate treatises— is a prodiffimis instanot d 
human labour. ' It is consiaered as a wo«k 
eminently useful and necevary to the iUsftra- 
tion of both Testaments, and of sacred aid 
profane philology .'—Bickersteth. Bishop Wil- 
son observes * many other books, tnatinf of 
Jewish Antiquities, have been published; bat 
those who have a taste for such sort of readis;. 
will find this collection far more useful to tbcn 
than any other of the kind.' An analysis of tbe 
contents of this Collection of Antiquitiei vtll 
be found in Mr. Harris* Catalogue of tW 
Library of the Royal Institution. 

12. A History of the Jews to tb€ 



399 



JEWISH ANTIQUITIES, &c. 



330 



Deitniftioii of JemaaleiD, by Titos 

Veipasisii. 

Id the Aodent UniveiM] Histonr. Other 
kntones, &c. relating to the Jews, will be given 
ia subseaaeot puli of this woriL, references to 
wUdi Will be unind in the index. 

13. Jo. BuxTOSFii, patrit» Synagoga 
JodscL HaooT., 1604, tin. Sro, 4s. 6d, 

Fkeqnefitly reprinted. In this work the rites 
nd eefemoniei, and in general every thing be- 
loQgbf to the synagogue, are explained. 

14. Cotpari Wasbsi de AntiquisNumis 

H^NKomm, Chaldsorum, et Syrorum, 

qoorum S. Biblia et Rabbinonim Scripta 

meminerunt, Ldbri II. Tiguri^ 1605, 

4to. 

Tbe tatbor was Hebrew professor at Tiguri. 
(1.) Casp. Wasbri de antiquis Mensuris 
nebrsonm, qnarom S. Biblia meminerunt, 
LiinllL Uodelb. 1610, 4to. 

15. Moses and Aaron, or the Civil 
ind Ecclesiastical Rites used by the 
Aodcot Hebrews, by Thomas Godwin, 
B.D. London, 1634, 4to, 5#. 

A well known work on Hebrew Antiquities, 
wwaaUr printed in 1614, and frequently in the 
I7tt oeotary. It contributed much to elucidate 
May of the obscure parts of the civil and 
teem, Ustory of the Jews. A Latin translation 
appeared aboad, which was likewise very 
popalir. 

(t) Apparatus hiBtorico-criticus'Antiquita- 
OUD ^Mn Codids et Gentis Hebrsorum, uberr. 
uaoO. in Tho. Godwini Mosen et Aaronem 
admiinstnvit Jo. Got. CARPzovn;s,cum Effigie. 
Frucof., 1748, 4to, 15s. I bis, one of the most 
^tiorate systons of Jewish Antiquities extant, 
nntainB also a La^ translation of Dr. God- 
»in't treatise. 

(1) Jewish Antiquities, or a Course of Lec- 
tu« on the three first Books of Godwin's Moses 
ad Aaron : to which is annexed a Dissertation 
oa the Hebrew Language, by David Jbn- 
nvot,p.D. London, 1766, 8vo, 2 vols., lOs, 
A very radidous commentary. The lectures 
ttt aach fuller than Godwin, and occasionally 
^oSs from him. Orme observes, ' Under the 
tfarae heads of Jewish persons, places, and 
toaei, nost things relating to tlie sacred anti- 
quities of the O. T. are introduced ; and in the 
'■ajoathe Hebrew Language, Dr. Jennings 
*ppeaa to be a disciple of Capellus, and gives 
>P the doctrines of {the Masorets. The work 
■• been frequently in Bvo, in 2 vols., and in 
I vol. 

16. Jo. SvLDBNi de Diis Sjrris Syn- 
tagmata duo, cum additamentis And. 
BiTBai. Amst., 1680, 8vo, 5#. 

The best edition of a learned treatise, in 
^hidi the Syrian idols mentioned in the Bible 
m partieaiarty discussed. There are several 
mWt treatises relating to the Ifcbrews in the 
coUeetive edition of Selden*8 works. 

17. Hie Temple ^rvice and a De- 
MTiption of the Temple, especially as it 
>tood in the days of our Saviour, by 



John LioHTFooT, D.D. London, 1650, 
4to, 2 vols, in 1, I2s. 

Also in Dr. Lightfoot*s works. The writings 
of this divine display immense Jewish learning, 
and throw great light on biblical antiquities, 

&C. t' 

18. Pauli Shbrlooi Antio. Hebraic. 
Dioptra. Lug. Bat., 1651, fol., I5a. 

19. Orbis Miraculum, or the Temple 
of Solomon pourtraved by Sciipture- 
Laght, by Samuel Lbb, with Plates. 

London, 1659, fol., 24s. 

In this work ' all the ftunous buildings, the 
pompous worship of the Jews, the spiritual 
mysteries of the Gospel vailed under all, 6lc. 
are treated of at large. 

20. Sota, hoc est liber Mishnicus de ^ 
Uxore Adcdterii suspecta, una ami ez- 
cerptis Gemane, Heb. et Lat. Conunent. 
perpetua J. C. Wagbnsbilii. Altd., 
1674, 4to, 12*. 

This work contains a greni deal of curious 
Jewish learning. — Orme. 

(1.) Tela Ignea SatansB.hoc e8t,Arcani et ^ 
horribiles Judcorum adv. Christum Deum et 
Christianam Religionem Libri aneodoti, cum 
Interpr. et Confrit; aocessit Mantissa de 70 
Heboon^. Danielis adv. Marshamum, opera 
J. C. Waoenskilh. Altd., 1681, 4to, 2 vols., 
24s. In the opinion of Dr. A. Clarke it is a 
scarce and curious work. 

21. GuiL OuTRAMi de Sacrificiis ^ 
Libri duo; quorum altero ezplicantur 
omnia Judseorum nonnulla Gentium 
Profananun Sacrificia; altero Sacrifidum* 
Christi. Lond., 1677* 4to, 7s. 

This is acknowledged to be a woik of con- 
siderable merit, and in the opinion of the Rev. 
£. Bickersteth. ' a valuable defence of the 
atonement' Orme observes ' some of the best 
discussions on the subtject of sacrifice are to be 
found in the work ; aod in no work is the typi- 
cal relation of the ancient sacrifices to the nature 
and design of the death of Christ more satisfac- 
torily explained. (1.) Two Dissertations on 
Sacrifices, by Dr. W. Outram, transl., with 
Notes, by J. Allen. London, 1817, 8vo,9f. 
This translation was reprinted in 1828, and in 
1833. 

22. Jo. Braunii de Vestitu Sacerdo- .' 

tum Hebrseonun libri duo. Lug. Bat, 

1680, 4to, Ss. 

This work on the clothing of the Jewish 
priests is a kind of commentanr on the 28th and 
29th chapters of Exodus. All the works of 
Braun discover an extensive acquaintance with 
the Scriptures, an accurate knowledge of Jew- 
ish rites and customs, and great fiuniliarity 
with rabbinical learning. — Orme, 

23. Les Moeurs des Israelites, par 

Claude Flbury. Paris, 1681, 12mo, 

3s. 
Frequently reprinted. (1.) The Manners 



331 



REUGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



33:1 



of the Ancient Israelitet, from the French of 
Clande Flbury. New Edition enlarffed by 
Adam Clabkb, LL.D. London, 1809, 8to> 
6i. Third edition, with much valuable addition 
by Dr. Adam Clarke. According to Bishop 
Home, the work contains a concise, pleasing, 
and just account of the manners, customs, laws, 
policy, and religion of the Israelites. It is an 
excellent introduction to the reading of the Old 
Testament, and should be put into the hands of 
every young person. (2.) Another Edition, 
with a Portrait. London, 1820, 8vo, 6t. 

24. Joannis Spsncbri de Legibus 
Hebrseorum Ritualibtis et earum Ratio- 
nibus Libri IV : accessit Dissertatio de 
Phylacteriis Judeeonun, recensiiit et 
Inaices adjecit Leonardtis Chappblow, 
S.P.P., ciun Effigie. Cantab., 1727, foL, 
2 vols., 31 ^. 6d. 

An excellent edition of a very learned, but a 
very dangerous work : the fsreai olnect of which 
is to show that the Hebrew ritual was almost 
entirely borrowed from the Egryptians. Orme 
observes, ' Socinians and infidels have made 
very libcoral use of the work and arguments of 
Spacer.' The same opinions are stated by 
Maimonides and Sir JonnMarsham, and re- 
futed by Witsius in his iEgyptiaca, and 
Shuckford in his Connection. Warburton partly 
espoused the system of Spencer, for which he is 
censured by Dr. Magee in his work on the 
atonement Spencer treats very largely on the 
origin of sacrifices ; of purifications ; of new 
moons ; of the ark and the cherubim ; of the 
temple ; of the Urim and Thummim ; of the 
scape gt>at ; of circumcision ; of clean and un- 
clean meats ; of idclatry^ and of the Jewish 
theocracy.— Orme. (1.) First Edition. Cantab., 
• 1685, fbl., 7f . 6d. (2.) Another EdiUon. 
Tubing.. 1732. fol., 25s. To this edition, pub- 
lished by ProKssor Pfieiff, is prefixed a disserta- 
tion on the life of Spencer, on the merits and 
demerits of the book, and on the authors who 
wrote against it. 

^- 25. Essay towards the Recovery of the 
Jewish Measures and Weights, compre- 
hending their Monevs, by help of ancient 
standards comparea witn ours of Eng- 
land, by Rich. Cumberland, Bishop 
of Peterborough. London, 1686, 8vo, 

68. 

A gpood treatise on the subject— Bickersteth. 
In the opinion of Orme, it 'discovers great 
sagacity, learning, and research.' It was, how- 
ever, attacked by Bernard in his Latin work on 
the same subject, published in 1688. 

J* 26. Camp. Vitbinoa de Synagoga 
vetere libri tres, cum Prolegomenis. 
Franeq., 1696, 4to, 2 vols., I2s, ; large 
paper, 1 6s. 

lliiswork, full of rabbinical learning, treats 
of every thing relating to the synagogue. 

27. Miscellaneous Illustrations of the 
Manners, &c., of the Jews, by Aug. 
Calmbt. 
- In his Dictionary of the Bible. 



28. Car. Sioonii de Republica He- 
breeorum libri VII, editi a Jo. Nico- 
LAi. Lu^d. Bat., 1701, 4to, lOt. 

Best edition of this esteemed work. 

(1.) Petri CuNjci de Republica HebreonoB 
Libri tres, editi a Jo. Nicolai. Lugd. BaL, 
170S,4to, 6i. The contmentai profiMBon wwt 
accustomed to lecture on die work of Cuusui j 
but every thing valuable in it is to be found in 
Lewis, Jennings, and other Kiylish writers o« 
Jewish affairs. — Orme. (2.) La RepnUiqae 
des Hebreux, trad, du Lat. de P. Coxvus, et 
augm, de Remarques Critiques sar les Antia. 
Judaiques de Jac Basnaoe [par G. Gobsik], 
et Figures. Amst, 1705, ou 1713, am. 8vo, 
3 vols., lOt. 6c/. The followmg generally accom- 
panies the transL of Cunens' work. (3.) Anti- 
quit6s Judaiques, ou Remarques critiqties aar 
la Republique des Hebreux, par Jac dahcacc, 
avec Figures. Amst, 1713, sm. 8to, 2 vok., 
7s, 

(4.) Jo. NicoLAi de Sepulcfaris HebnHswa 
Libri IV. cum fl^uris. Lug. Bat^ 1706, 
4to, 9<. A very curious treatise. — Dr. Adam 
Clarke. 

(5. ) — Nioouii Adnot ad lib^vm Dobl 
de Fleury de Moribus Patriarohantm met in 
B. C. Bertramum de Republica Habnaonnu 
Lug. Bat, 1740. 8vo,2 vols., lOt. 

29. Entdecktes Judenthnm, von J. A. 
EiSBNMBNGKR. Frank., 1700, 4to^ 3 
vols., 3ls. 6d. 

This work merits the praise of leanni^, re- 
search and accuracy. It was compiled to con- 
vince the Jews of their folly in preferring ths 
oral to the written law, the treditioos of men to 
the precepts of God, and the Talmud to the 
Holy Scriptures. (1.) The TraditioDs of the 
Jews, or the Doctrines and Ezpomtioos cen- 
tained in the Talmud and other Rabinnkal 
Writings, transl. from the High-Dutch [of 
John Andrew EiSENMEKCKa, uJ).], with a 
Preface by John Peter Stkhelin, F.B-S. 
Lond., 1743, 8vo, 2 vok., 40it. Appended is a 
treatise on the religious customs and o ciruitouif 
of the Jews from tne Latin of Buztorf. Oimt 
observes, 'The whole work is oertaioly xfij 
curious, and very melancholy. More cea- 
vincing proofr and illustratioas of the bUndoeM 
which nath happened to Israel are no where to 
be found. Their traditions are a mus of ab- 
surdity and superstition, not exceeded by any 
thing m popery or paganism.* A copy was aoU 
by auction a few years since for 4L9t, 

30. Trium Scriptoramillustriuin [Nk. 
Serrarii, Jo. Drusii, et Jos. Scai.n 
OERi], Syntagma de tribus Judsoruxa 
Seeds; accedit Jac. Triqlandii Dia- 
tribe de Secta . Karseorum. Delj^iis^ 
1703, 4to, 2 vols, in 1, \0s. 

This, as well as several other works relative 
to the Jewish «ects, will be found in Ugofino's 
valuable Thesaurus. 

31. Melch.LBYDBKKBRi deRepvb&cm 
Hebneorum Libri XII. Amst., 1704-10, 
fol., 2 vols., 36#. 



333 



JEWISH ANTIQUITIES, &c. 



334 



TUi immeoie work treats of the origin of the 
Hebrew nation, and its state in Eg^pt ; of the 
lunesloos proridence in its establishment ; of 
the thecNcracy \ of the country and cities which 
it ocevpied ; of its political Bovemment, and pub- 
lic tod private rehgious poiitT ; of its various fates 
diBiB|r the government of iuuges and kings, and 
opccaUy of its state when divided into the 
kiofdoms of Israel and Judah, and during the 
Aiiirriaa tod Babylonish captivities ; of its 
reMDcatioD by Cyras, and condition till the time 
of Akxander the Great.— Orme. 

31 Critical HiBtonr of the Doctrines 
aad Worships (good and evil) of the 
Church, from Adam to our Saviour, 
traosL from the French of Peter J uri b u, 
byJ. C. London, 1705, 8vo, 2 vols., 
10$. 6i. 

A Tery corioas book. — Orme. 

33. Hadr. Rklandi Antiquitates 
otcneVeteram Uebrseoruin, recensuit, 
etAnimadv. Ugolmianis-Ravianis auxit 
Geo. Jo. Lud. Vogbl. flake, 1769, 

fiat edition of this vahiable little summary, 
in which the learned author discusses sacred 
plaoes, penoos, things, and times. I1ie work 
» UcUy reconmemtod by Walch, and is ad- 
"i^bly teed for a text-book to a theological 
■e*BNr.— Onne. (1.) Vorlesungen uber die 
Jid. Aherthiimcr nach Anleitong Hadr. Re- 
■a£ Antiquitates, voo Jo. Simonis. 1769. 
pm leetves on Jewish antiquities will be 
taaad to Mast the study of Reland's Antiqui- 
titfc-Sriler. 

(1) Adr. Relandi de Nummia Veterum 
HwB oram, qui ab inseriptarum literarum 
■rat Sanaiitanorum appeflantar, Disserta- 
»«»V. Traj.,adRhen.l709,8vo,&f. 

.(^) fladr. Relandi de Spoliis Templi 
Hwroiolyinitani in Arcu Titiano Rome con- 
WM Liber fingulark. Traj. ad Rhen., 1716, 
^> 4c. 6rf. ' Ceux qui aiment lea anticiuit^ 
"ffiniqiieB le liroot avec grand phtisir, et 
J«ae tree profit' An Edition, with notes by 
^ciltie, appeared in 1775, 12mo, Si. 

34. Jo. ToLANDi Dissertationes duff, 
Adendanium et Origines Judaicae. Hag. 
Com., 1709, 8vo,6#. 

la the first, Toland endeavours to vindicate 
l^vy fr«n the imputation of superstition and 
J^^yjb the second, he seems to prefer Stra- 
J^i sceoont of Moses and the Jewish religion to 
^•J**"*"T<^die Jews themselves. (1.) Me- 
|||*9^de Remarques critiques, historiquea, phi- 
*^»^th6ol. for les deux Dissertations de M. 
'•to, inthul^. Tune, ' THomme sans Super- 
5™>.' et Tautre, * les Origines Judaique8,'^par 
D-BuKntT. Delf, 1712, 8vo, 7i. 

36. Jac. Gbomovii Decreta Romana 
«t Aflatica pro Judsis, ad Cultum Divi- 
^^pcr Asiae Minoria Urbea secure 
^JI^^Mmn, ab Jotepho coUecta in Libro 
f^ ArchKokgis. Lug. Bat., 1712, 
*^ it. 6d. 



36. Miscellaneous Disconrset relating 
to the Traditions and Usages of the 
Scribes and Pharisees in our Saviour's 
'Rme, by Wm. Wotton, D.D. Lond., 
1718, 8vo, 2 vols., 20*. 

Those who wish, says Orme, ' to enter deeply 
into the Jewish controversy, will find Wotton s 
work of considerable service. The 1st volume 
contains discourses on the nature and use of the 
Misnah, a table of the contents of the Misnah. on 
the recital of the Sheraa, and on the use of Piiy- 
lacteries, and schedules of gates and door-posts : 
and texts relating to the religious observance of 
one day in seven : the 2d contains i>habbath 
and Eruvin, two Misnaic works, with a trans- 
lation and annotations. 

37. Bern. La my de Tabemaculo 
Foederis, de S. Civitate Jerusalem et de 
Templo ejtis Libri VII, cum Figuris. 
Paris., 1720, fol., 18*. 

* A very learned and useful work.*- -Dr. A. 
Clarke. 

38. Ori|p;ines Hebrsese, or the Anti- 
quities of the Hebrew Republic, by 
Thomas Lewis, A.M. Lond., 1724-5, 
8vo, 4 vols., 24*. 

Tliis elaborate work is recommended by Bp. 
Watson as ' a laborious compilation from the 
most distinguished writers, whether Jews or 
Cfaristains.' In it will be found a full exami- 
nation of the civil and ecclesiastical govern- 
ment of the Hebrews ; their places of worship 
and religious ceremonies ; thieir idolatries and 
municipal laws: their private manners; the 
state ot learning and the arts among them : &c. 
(1.) An Edition. Dublin. 1725, Bvo, 2 vols, 
m 1, 12s. (2.) New Edition. Oxford, 1835, 
8vo, 3 vols., publ. at • Lewis* Hebrew An- 
tiquities will be found of similar advantage to 
the student with the works of Kennet and 
Potter on Rome and Greece. 

39. J. Mayeri Tractatus de Tempo- 
ribus et Festis Diebus Hebrseorum. 
Amst., 1724, 4to, 10*. 6d, 

The author undertakes to refute the opinions 
advanced by Maimonides in his More Nevo- 
chim, and by Spencer in his treatise de Legi- 
bus, on the origin and reasons of the Jewish 
ceremonies, particularly those instituted by 
God in the law given to the Israelites. 

40. Scriptiu-e History of the Jews and 
their Repuohc, by James Home. Lon. 
don, 1737> 8vo, 2 vols., 20s. 

41. Petri \yB88ELiNGii Diatribe de 
Judseis Archontibus ad Inscriptionem 
Berenicensem, et Dissertatio de Evan- 
geliis jussu Imp. Anastasii non emenda- 
tis in Victorem Tununensem. Traj. ad 
Rhen., 1738, 8vo. 

42. Antiquitates Hebraic® secundmn 
triplicem Judaeorum Statum, ocdesias- 
ticum, politicum, et oeconomicum, bre- 



33S 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



336 



Titer delineate a Conr.lKBNio. Brems, 

1741, vel 1764, 12IZ10, S«. 

Thin work is particularly used in the Dutch 
Universitiefl. and their profeesors generally ar- 
range their lecturefl according to the system of 
the German Ikenius. It is valuable for its 
brevity, method and perspicuity, and may be 
considOTed a useful companion to Reland's An- 
tiquitates Sacrs. (1.) Jo. Herm. Sciiachtii 
Auimadv. ad Antiq. Hebr. olim delineatas a 
Conr. Ikenio. Traj.,1810,8vo,95. I'hisTolume 
only discusses the ecclesiastical section of Ike- 
nius' treatise ; it contains many valuable addi- 
tions and corrections, with references to other 
wnters. 

43. A Dissertation on the Civil Go- 
vernment of the Hebreurs, in which the 
true Design and Nature of their Govern- 
ment are explained, by Moses Lowman. 
London, 1740, 8vo. 

An esteemed work. (1.) An Edition. Lon- 
don, 1746, 8vo, lOf. (2.) Third Edition. 
London. 1816, 8vo. Lowman has a great 
knowledge of Jewish affairs. — Orme. 

(3.) Considerations on Mr. Foster's Dis- 
course on the Jewish Theocracy, by Moees 
Lowman. Lond., 1744, 8vo. 

(4.) Rationale of the Ritual of the Hebrew 
Worsnip, by Moses Lowman. Lond., 1748, 
8vo, 75. A work of importance and research. 
— Orme. (5.) A New Edition. London, 
1816, 8vo, 7f. 

44. A. G. Wabhnbri Antiquitates 
Hebrseorum et Israeliticae Gentis. Got- 
tingse, 1741, 8vo, vols. 1 and 2, 6*.; 
large paper, Ss, 

Tnis unfinished work contains much valu- 
able information relative to the literature of the 
Jews.— Home. 

45. N. G. ScHROBDBRi Comment. 
phUologico-criticus de Vestitu Mulierum 
Hebr«onun,cumPr8efationeAlb.ScHUL- 
TBNS. Lug. Bat., 1745, 4to, 9«. 

46. Dissertation sur I'Etendue de 
Tancienne Jerusalem et de son Temple, 
par J. B. Bourg. D'Anvillb, avec une 
Plan. Paris, 1747» 8vo, 83 pages. 

Very rare. It is however reprinted in M. de 
Chateaubriand's Itin. de Jerusalem. 

47. Introduction k I'Histoire des Juifs 
depuis le Deluffe jusqu' k la fin du Gou- 
vemement de Moyse, par R. Clbyton, 
avec Cartes. Leyde, 1752« 4to, 6s. 

£n defendant la chronologrie du Teste H6- 
breu on compare et concile les fails rapport^s 
dans le Pentateuque avec les plus anciennes 
histoires.' 

47 a. Delia lingua propria di Christo 
da G. B. Db Rossi. Parma, 1772, 4to. 

48. History and Philosophy of Ju- 



daism, by Duncan Shaw, D.D. Edinb^ 
1788, 8vo, 58, 

A defence of the Mosaic system airainst 
some of the charges and insinuations of David 
Hume. 

49. Hebraicarum Antiquitatum Opoa, 
auctore Jos. Maria Pulci-Uoria. Ne»* 
poli, 1792, 4to, 2 vols., 12*. 

Principally derived from ancient authon. 

50. Em. Aug. ScHCLzii Compen- 
dium ArchseologisB Hebraicse, cum Ft- 
guris, Notisque locupletavit A. P. G. 
Schick BDANZ. Dreadm, 1793. 8td, 
6s. 

A concise and valuable summary, treating 
of the political and ecclestastical antiquities oi 
the Hebrews. 

51. Theoloffie des Alten Testamoits, 
oder Abriss qer ReligiOsen Begrifle der 
alter Hebrseer, von G. L. Baubr. lipt., 
1796—802, 8vo, 2 vols., 6*. 

' The author's desigrn is to show that the idea 
of God and the notions of his provideDoe wen 
grradually unfolded in the Jewish religioD; 
that they always corresponded with the edit- 
ing decree of mental culture, and expuided 
themselves j^roportionate to iht general nl- 
vance of civilization.' (I.) The Theolofy ^ 
the p. T., or a Biblical Sketch of the Reiims 
Opinions of the Ancient Hebrews, extrmded 
and transl. from the German of Georg Lofcas 
Bauxb. Lond., 1838, 8vo, publ. 9XS$.6d. 

(2.) Handbuch der GeK;hichte der H«- 
braischen Nation, von G. L. Baucb. Nora- 
bergr, 1800, sm. 8vo, 2 vols., IBs. Heem 
pronounces this work to be the best introduc- 
tion not only to the history, but also to the aala- 
auities of the Jewish nation, from the rise to 
le fall of that state. 

(3.) Hebraische Mytiiologie des AlteD usd 
Neuen Testaments, mit Parallelen ans der 
M^ologie anderer Volker, vomemlidi der 
Griechen und Romw, von G. L. Bsrca. 
Leipz., 1802. 8vo, 2 vols., 12«. 

(4.) Beschreibung die Gotteadienstlichn 
Verfassung der alten Hebriier; ab eriisL 
Commentar liber den 3 Abschn. seiner Hebr. 
Archiiologie, von G. L. Bauer. Letpx,, 
1805-6, 8vo, 2 vols., I4f. 

52. Biblische Archaeologie von Jo. 
Jahn. Vien., 1803-25, 8vo, 5 vols., 
60s. 

A work of first rate excellence. 

(1.) Jo. Jahn Archeologia Hblica in Epi- 
tomen redacta. Vienns, 1805, 8vo, 10s. Eilitio 
emendata, ib., 1814, 8vo, 14^. T1usoaanpes> 
dium is exceedingly well arranged, and caa^ 
prebends, in narrow compass, every thin^ of 
importance in that depaitment. It is (fivideil 
into three chisses, domestic, civil, and atored. 
There is, at the end, a conspectus of the wMe, 
comprising a series of questions, and rtS^rivig 
to the prteeding parts of the wcnk for aiMwessi. 
(2.) Manual ot Biblical Antiouities, by J^a 
Jahn, D.D., transl. with an index of Texts 
illustrated, and many other Additions, by T. C. 



337 



JEWISH ANTIQUITIES, &c. 



Uphah. Third Edition. Oxford, 1837, 8vo., 
pvbL at 15f . Jahn*8 work furnishes us with the 
BMiis of remoTing' some of the irreatest dtffi- 
calties in the interpretation of Scripture, bsr 
bcinf enabled to throw ourselves back into the 
tiaesof the writers, and place ourselves in their 
very sitnatioii, surrounded by the entire scenery 
of those to whom they wrote. — £. Hen- 



(3.) Arcbsologia Biblica breviter exposita a 
Fov.AciKKMANK. Vieous, 1826, Svo, 10s.6(/. 
Thb expurgated edi^on was published in con- 
KV>€nce of Jahn's workshaving been put in the 
Index Erpurgatorius and prohibited by the 
Pope io- 1822. Subjoined is a sketch of the 
kaiory of the Jewish nation, from the call of 
Abnfaam to the dispersion of the Jews. 

(4.) The History of the Hebrew Common- 
wealth, from the earliest I'imes to the Destruc- 
tioB of Jemsalem, A.D. 72, transl. from the 
Gsnnan of John Jahn, D.D., with a Conti- 
■ntioo to the time of Adrian, by Qalvin £. 
Sroirx. London, 1829, 8vo, 2 vols., 14*. No 
oibKoal student should be vHthout Professor 
Jafan*s very able work. 

53. Lectures on Jewish Antiquities, 
ddir. at Harvard University, 1802-3, by 
David Tappan, D.D. Boston [Massa- 
dmsMtts], 1807, 8vo. 

54. Die Hebraerin am Putztiscbe and 
lb Brant, von Ant. TTi. Hartmann. 
Amit, 1809-10, 8vo, 3 vols., 24#. 

55. Christologia Judfleomm Jesn Apos- 
toloronMrae ^tate, in Compendium re- 
dacta, Observationibusque illustr. k D. 
Uonh. Bertholdt. Erlangse, 1811, 
8vo,6#. 

56. Short Acconnt of the Laws and 
iMtitotions of Moses, by Henry Fbr- 
€ut. Dunfermline [1811], 8vo. 

Aeondseandluminoilkessay. 



57. Commentaries on the Laws of 
Motes, by J. D. Michaklis, transL 
from tiietjerman [with some Omissions] 
by Alex. Smith, D,D, London, 1814, 
^▼o, 4 vols., 28«. 

^Mid iaelis' Moaaisches Rechtmay be advan- 
Jjfwwly conaulted on many points, subject, 
}J2'***'» to some serious deductions, the work 
^gPg inbued with manv of the faults of the 
Km to which the author belongs. In the 
•PMwoofthe Rev. E. Bickersteth, 'Many ex- 
'fwiable statements, with much learning', 
■jUii a dangerous work.' Orroe observes 
Pwhaps the best title for this work would have 
KCB an imitation of the celebrated treatise of 
■wtt^nieu,-— The Spirit of the Mo«aic Laws. 
Itean ums theology ; but theology of a philo- 
jyp hical or political nature. It discovers 
IpK, compass of knowledge and power of 
lj|Bkiiig, and throws consiiJerable light on the 
we wiidom and design of many of the pe- 
cohar laws of Moses. But I do not consider 



338 

it a book fitted to do service to religion. There 
is a levity, asecularity, and a groasness in it, 
which are calculated to do infinite mischief. 
Some parts of it are rather like the sportings 
of a debauched anatomist, than the grave dis- 
cussions of a philosophical Professor on the 
laws of God.* 

58. Comparison of certain Traditions 
in the Thalmud, Targumin, and Rabbi- 
nical Writers, with Circumstances that 
occurred in the Life of our Saviour, by 
the Rev. Dan. Guildford Wait. Camb., 
1814, 8vo. 

A very learned and curious work, full of 
rabbinical information, originally delivered in 
four lectures in Advent.— Orme. 

59. Histoire de la Legislation des 

H^reux, par M. Le Comte de Pasto- 

RET. Pans, 1817, 8vo. 

This forms the thind and fourth voluipes of 
this author's Histoire de la LegisUtion. 

60. Modem Judaism, or a brief Ac- 
coimt of the Opinions, Traditions, Rites, 
and Ceremonies of the Jews in Modem 
Times, by John Allen, with a Plate. 
London, 1817, 8vo, 7s. 6d. 

This work describes vnth fidelity the tenets 
and manners of the modem syna^pgue, taken 
from the moat authentic sources of information. 

61. Dissertation upon the Traditional 
Knowledge of a promised Redeemer, 
which subsisted before the Advent of our 
Saviour, by C. J. Blomfibld, Bishop 
of London. Cambridge, 1819, 4«. 6d. 

62. Antiquities of the Jews, compiled 
from authentic Sources, and their Cus- 
toms illustrated from Modem Travels, 
by William Brown, D.D., with Plans of 
the Temple. 1820, 8vo, 2 vols.,20«. 

For a nigh character of the utility of this 
work, see the Christian Remembrancer for 
June, 1820. 

63. Scripture Antiquities, or a Com- 
pendious Summary of the Religious In- 
stitutions, Customs, and Manners of the 
Hebrew Nation, by the Rev. John 
Jones, of Waterbeach, with Engrav- 
ings. London, 182 , 65. 

Designed as an introductory help for the 
better understanding of the Sacred Scriptures. 

64. Geschichte Lehren und Meinun- 
gen aller Bestandenen und noch Bes- 
tehenden Religiosen Sectender Juden 
und .der Geheimlehre oder Cabbalah, 
vonP.BBBR. BrQn., 1822-4, 8vo, 2 vols., 
14». 

65. Geist und Sprache der Hebraer 

z 



339 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



340 



nach dem Zweyten Tempelban, von M. 
J. Landau. Prag., 1822, 8vo, 9«. 

66. Handbuch der Bibl. Altertbums- 
kunde von E. Rosen mullbr. Leip., 
1823-30, 8vo, — vols., 64*. 

67. G. H. F. BiALLOBLOTZKY de 
Leffis Mosaics Abrogatione Ck>mmen- 
tanus. Gottingse, 1824, 4to, 79, 

68. Jo. Parbau Anti^nitas Hebraica 
breviter delineata. Editio secunda cum 
Appendice et Indice. Traj. ad Rhen., 

1824-5, 8vo, 10#. %d. 

The first edition of this saromaiy of Hebrew 
Antiquities appeared at Utrecht in 1817, 8vo, 5t. 
It is a useful work for students. 

69. Histoire des Institutions de Mo'ise 
et du Peuple U^reu, pari. Salvador. 
1^8^ 1828, 8vo, 3 vols., 18*. 

The avowed desiern of this Jewish author 
in this work is to represent Moses as an en- 
lightened and liberal legislator : at the same 
time, its whole tendency is to discredit Chris- 
tianity. (1.) Jesus devant CaVphe et Pilate, 
par M. DupiN. p^re. Paris, 1828, 8vo.— A 
masterly refutation of M. Salvador's work. 

70. Historiscb-kritische Forscbungen 
liber die Bildung das Zeitalter und den 
Plan der fiinf Biicber Moses, nebst 
einer beurtheilenden Einleitung und 
einer genauen Charakteristik der He- 
braiscben Sagen und Mytben, von A. T. 
Hartmann. Ropstock, 1831, 8vo, 17«. 

71. Lex Dei, sive Mosaicarum et Ro- 

manarum Legum CoUatio, e Codd. mss. 

Vindob. et Vercell. edidit, notisque et 

indidbus illustravit Frid. Blums. Bon- 

nse, 1833, 8vo, 7s. 

A curious and valuable woik, with elaborate 
prolegomena, &c. 

72. Notices of the Mosaic Law, with 
some Account of the Opinions of recent 
French Writers concerning it, by the 
Rev. Huffh J. Rose. 8vo, 45. ^d. 

The Christian Advocate's publication for the 
year 1831. 

73. The Law of Moses viewed in Con- 
nexion with the History and Character 
of the Jews, with a Defence of the Book 
of Joshua ag. Prof. Leo of Berlin, by 
Henry John Ross, B.D. London, 1837» 
8vo, pubL at 8«. 

The Hulsean Lectures for 1833 ; to which is 
added an appendix containing remarks on the 
arrangementof the historical Scriptures adopted 
by Oesenius, De Wette, and others. 



13. SCRIPTURE OBNBALO6T and 

chronology. 

1. The Genealogies recorded in the 
Sacred Scriptures, according to every 
Family and Tribe, with the Une of our 
Saviour Christ observed from Adam to 
the Blessed Virgin Mary, byJ[ohn] 
S[psbd]. London, 1615, 4to. 

These genealogical ubles were fint pub- 
lished anonymously in 1611, when they were 
prefixed to the first edition of our autlMriied 
Version of the English Bible. H.) Cloud of 
Witnesses, or Gencaslogiee of the Saored Scrip- 
tures, confirming unto us the Truth of the H»- 
tories in God's Word, by John Spled. Lon- 
don. 1616, 12mo, 4s. 6</. 

(2.) Scri]>ture Genealogy from Adam to 
Christ \ exhibiting, in a Seiiea of Engrarad 
Tables, a Distinct View of the Nation, Tribe, 
Family, Lineal Descent and Posterity of every 
Person mentioned in the Bible ; to which are 
annexed Chronological Dates, oa the aatho- 
rity of Usher and Blair. London^ 1817, royal 
4to, 30ir. These tables are an unprovemeot 
upon those of Speed. 

(3.)GenealogiaSacra; or, Scripture TaUe^ 
compiled from me Holy Bible, with an alpha- 
betical index, by William BBamv. Looiloa. 
1819, 4to. These tables are chieBy eoodiaed 
to the patriarchs and descendants of our fim 
parents. 

(4.) Scripture Genealogy from Adam to our 
Saviour. In a case, 7t. 6dr., or moantod on s 
roller and varnished, 10s. 6d. This genealagy 
is compiled from the best authorities, aocicat 
and modem, and shews the connexion bfltweea 
the genealogies of Matthew and lAke. It 
also contains such information as can now be 
collected relative to the aocestort of oar 
Saviour, since the captivity, where the Bible 
account terminates. 

2. Arrangement of the Genealogies 
of the O. T. and Apocrypha ; to wfich 
are added a Selection of Single Names 
and Chron. Tables of the Kinga of 
Egypt, Syria and Assyria, with Notes 
ana copious Indexes, dv the Rer. G. 
BuRRiNGTON, also a Portrait. 1836, 
4to, 2 vols., pp. 542 and 348, 63f. 

Of this interesting and laborious wai%^l50 
copies only were printed. It is divided iato 
three parts; the First consists of 24 gcneaL 
tables, with 352 pages of notes on theoi« ako 
five indexes, viz. of names in the tables, of 
texts of scripture referred to in the tables of 
texts of scripture referred to id the noCes, of 
the principal matters contained in the ooCei, 
and of oriental words and phrases in ^ 
notes ; the Second Part, ' A Selection of Siagla 
Names,' occupies 212 pages: the Third rat 
contains the three ' Chron. Tables,* with 91 
pages of notes on them, also five indexes, vii. 
of names of persons not inserted in the geoctal 
tables or in the selection of single names or in 
, the chronol. tables, of names referred to in the 



341 



SCRIPTURE CHRONOLOGY. 



342 



leeood ▼ol., of testf of schpture referred to in 
tke leoood toL, of principal matters in the 
NOODd ToL, and of oriental phrases in the 
to the Mcond part 



3. The Genealogies recorded in the 
Sacred Scnpturee according to every 
Family and Tribe, with the Line of Our 
Sarioor from Adam to the Virgin Mary, 
by John F^yne Mobris, Esq. Dublin, 
1838, am. foL, publ. at 21«. 

A work of extraordinary labour and inge- 
wuly— in it will be found 4iSengimved tablet. 

4. A newly-invented Table for exhi- 
bitiDg the Uenealoffy of Jesus Christ, 
at siren by St. MatUiew and St. Luke, 
with Notes, by Robert Berkley Grbbnb. 

London, 1822, 8vo. 

TbM table, according to the Rot. T. H. 
Hone, it in^entootly oonttmcied. and the 
aoica exhibit, m a onall compatt, the retolt of 
Bach laborioot research. 

(I.) The Genealoffiet of Jesus Christ as 
recsfded by St. Matthew and St. Luke criti- 
ettty examined, explained, &c. by Edward 
Yabblet, B J). London, 1739 or 50, Svo. 

(2.) Ths Genealogiiet of Jetos Christ in 
Matthew and Luke explained, and the Jewish 
Otaecdons removed. London, 1771, Bvo. 

(3.) The Genealoffy of Jesos Christ, re- 
ooided by St. Matthew and St. Luke, bar- 
BMMDicd, and the apparent contradictions 
RQooeiled, by Gervas Watson. Retford, 
l833.12ino. 

5. Newe Treatise of the Right Reckon- 
ing of Yeares and Ages of the World, 
m Mens Lhies, and of the Estate of 
the last decmng Age thereof, this 1600 
Yeare of Cnrist (erroniouslie called a 
Yeare of Jubilee), which is from the 
Creation the 5548 Yeare, by Robert 
Pont. Edinb., 1599, 4to, 2U. 

Vm author, says Orme, hat ' evidently 
itadied both sacred and profane chronology.' 
(t) Idem, Latine. 1619. 4to. (2.) Rob. 
ran 6t Sabbationim Annorum Periodis 
Chroaologia, a MnaU i'lxordio ad nostra 
ai^ Secttla eC porro. 1619, 4to. Pont was 
•OM-iaw to JonD Knox. 

6. Jac. UssBRii, Archiep. Armach., 
Annales V. et N. Testament!, una cum 
Bemm Asiat et Egypt. Chronico ; acce- 
^nat tria ejusdem Opuscula, quibus 
pnefixa est Vita Usserii k T. Smith 
CQiMmpCa, et Effigie. Genevae, 1722, 
fi^24t. 

Bat edition of ' a work of mat labour and 
XBMarch, whidi has been followed by the 
rater part of nK>dem chronologers.' — Orme. 
ns Rev. E. Bickersteth observes it ' well 
eomponds to its title, and Dr. Wotton re- 
I ,*vks, in his work on the Study of Divinity, 
' Akmg with the rea<hng of the historical bookt 
** ^ S eiiptufe I would recommend Usher's 



Annab. which is a work pertect in its kind, 
and which well digested will sive a very 
sound knowledge of the history oi the world, 
sacred and pronme, to the destruction of the 
second temple ; which knowledge will upon 
innumerable occasions be of unspeakable use,* 
Other editions appeared— Lond., 1660-4, fol., 
2 vols., 12f.: Paris., 1673, fol., 12f.: Brema, 
1686, fol.. lii. ; Verona, 1741, fol., \5$. (1.) 
Annals ot the Old and New Testament, with 
the Synchronisms of Heathen History to the 
Destruction of Hierusalem, by J. Usher, Abp. 
of Armagrh, with a Portrait London, 165o, 
foL, 27«. ^ The chronology of Abp. Vther is 
followed in the margins of our larger Bibles. 

7. Lud. Cappblli Chronologia Sacra 
ab Orbe condito ad Christum. Paris., 
1655, 4to, Ss, 

Capel's Chronologia Sacra was so highly 
esteemed by Bp. Walton, that be republished 
it in the first part of the Apparatus to the 
Polyglot. 

8. Chain of Scripture Chronology 
from the Creation to the Death of 
Christ, by Thomas Allbn, with Tables. 
London, l659» 4 to, 6s, 

9. Jo. Pbarsonii, Episc. Cestr., 
Opera Posthuma Chronologica, &c 
eaenda curayit, et Dissertationes novis 
Addit. auxit H. Dodwbllus, A.M. 
Lond., 1688, 4to, 10«. 6d, 

This vol. contains ' De serie et successione 
nrimorum Rome episcoporum dissertationes 
duae: quibus pnenguntur annales Paulini 
et lectiones in Acta Apostolorum.' 

10. Fred. Spanhbmii Introductio 
ad Chronologiam et Historiam Sacram, 
ac prtecipue Christianam, ad Temp, 
proz. Reform., cum Effigie. Lug. Bat., 
1683, 4to, 2 vols., 9»' 

See col. 314, no. 4. 

11. Jo. Harduini Chronologia V. 
T. ad Vulg. Vers, exacts, et Numrois 
antiquis illustrata. Paris., 1700, 4to, 6#. 

Tlys work, as likewise the author's Chro- 
adogia printed at Paris^ in 1608, were sup- 
pressed by public authority. 

12. Short View of the Chronology of 
the O. T., and of the Harmony of the 
Four Evangelists, by William Whiston. 

Camb., 1702, 4to, 4*. 

Now in little estimation. (1.) Short View 
of Mr. Whistons Harmony of the N. T., by 
John Wright. Lond., 1704, 4to. 

13. Jo. Jac. HoTTlNOBRi Psutas 
Dissertationum Biblico-chronolog., Pne- 
fat. prsemimt F. A. Lampb. Traj. ad 

Rhen., 1723, 8vo., Ss. 

Calmet says, the reputation of Hottin^r 
was so great, that, notwithstanding his being 
a Calviniit, the learned wrote from all ({uartars 
to him. 



343 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



344 



14. Scripture Chronology demon- 
strated by Astronomical Calculations, 
by Arthur Bedford. London, 1730, 

foL, 15*. ; large paper, 24«. 

This very elaborate work displays much 
learning and research. The hypothesis, which 
it espouses, which is the correctness of the 
Hebrew numbers, has been set aside by the 
publication of Dr. Hales. 

15. Chronologie de V Histoire Sainte 
et des Histoires Etrangeres qui la con- 
cement, depuis la Sortie d*Egypte 
jusqu' k la Captivity de Babylone, par 
Alph. des ViONOLBS. Franc, 1743, 

4to, 2 vols., 21«. 

A former edition appeared at Berlin in 1738, 
4to, 2 vols., 2U. 

16. Dissertation on the Chronology 
of the Septuagint, with an Appendix on 
the Chaloean and Egyptian Antiouilies 
[by Charles Haybs, Esq., of Gray's 
Inn]. Lond., 1741, 8vo, o*. 

Hayes' learned and ingenious performances, 
according to Urme, ' discover a very profound 
acquaintance with chronology, and a great 
veneration for the Scriptures. (1.) Vindica- 
tion of the History of the Septuaffint from 
the Misrepresentations of the leamea Scaliger, 
Du Pin, Dr. Hody, Prideaux, and others [by 
Charles Hayes, Esq., of Gray*8 Inn], Lond., 
1736, Bvo. 

17. The Chronology of the Hebrew 
Bible vindicated by Robert Clayton, 
Bp. of Clogher, with a Map. Lond., 

1747, 4to, 6*. 

Clayton defends the numbers of the Hebrew 
text, and maintains the Usherian system of 
chronology with a great variety of learning. 
The work ' contains many observations that 
deserve the attention of the learned reader.' — 
Orme. (1.) Hebrew Bible critically exa- 
mined in re^^ard to iti Chronology, and fully 
proved to be more accurate and correct 
than any other Scripture-Chronoloj^ hitherto 
extant, by R. Clayton, Bp. of Cloorher. 
Lond., 1754, 4to, 6«. Jackson, in his Chro- 
nological Antiquities, sustains, with great 
ability and learning, the opposite hypothesis 
to Bp. Clayton, viz. that of the Septuagint 
version. 

18. Joach. Hartmanni Systema 
Chronologic Biblicae. Rost, 1777, 4to, 
\2s. 

19. New Analysis of Chronology, in 
which an Attempt is made to explain 
the History and Antiq. of the Primitive 
Nations ot the World, and the Prophe- 
cies relating to them, by the Rev. Wil- 
liam Hales, D.D. London, 1809-12, 
4to, 3 vols, in 4 pts. 

TTiis ought to be in the library of every 
biblical student It is perhaps the roost valuable 



chronological work that has ever been pah- 

lished. Dr. Adam Clarke, who makes a bberal 

use of it in his commentary, bestows on it the 

highest commendation. According to Onoe, 

Dr. Hales ' pours a flood of hght on some of 

the darkest and most cUfficuU potnto in sacred 

and profane history.' It is, in the optnioa of 

the Rev. £. Bickersteth, ' A very elaborale 

work adopting the Chronology of Jowphss, 

but with much confiision of thought, and «- 

sumptions without adequate proof.' Vet 1 

contains an explanation of the system adopted 

by the author, together with the elements of 

technical chronologry, and the elements of 

sacred geography, which are illustrated with 

six engravings ; the second contains a chronol. 

history of the O. T., the Apocrypha, and the 

N. T., and of the whole range of prophecy.— 

Dr. Hales* translations are all made direcdv 

from the original Scriptures ; in the third voL 

there is a chronoL history of the AssynsBa, 

Babylonians, Medes, Persians, Lydians, aad 

Egyptians, &c. adjusted throughout to saered 

chronology- (1.) Second Edition, revised aad 

corrected. London, 1830, 8vo, 4 vob^ p^L 

at63i. 

20. Key to Scripture Chronology, il- 
lustrated with new Tables of Cfiraoo- 
logy, and varioiis Notes, by James An- 
drew, LL.D. London, 1822, 8vo. 

* Made by comparing sacred history^with 
prophecy, and rendering the Bible eo uai le s t 
with itself.' 

21. Chronological Chart of the I^ 
triarchs with a Descirotion, Ob^erra- 
tions arising out of a View of the Sub- 
ject, and an Essay on the Mnemonics, 
by T. S. Peckston. London, 1828, 

12mo, publ. at 7s,6<L - 

This chart is intended to show at <»ie view 
which of the patriarchs (firom Adam to Moses) 
were cotemporaries, how long they were so, 
and from thence to deduce the great proha- 
bility of Moses having the best account of tke 
Creation, Fall of Man, &c.even if the arcovnfei 
had been handed down to him by oral Trath- 
tion only, llie chart was also sold sepantelv, 
on medium plate paper, for foldiiig in FsbhIj 
Bibles, &c., at 3s. each. The auttwr, in ins 
description of the chart, demonstrates from 
scriptural evidence, that Abp. Usher, Maafaall, 
&C. &c. have <»lcukted erroneously. 

(1.) The Chronolopr of the Bible compiled 
with that of Ancient ProAme History, with aa 
Introduction and 500 Questions. In a case, 
with the chart mounted on canvas, 4«. This 
chart, affording a contemporaneous view of 
the principal events from the creation to the 
bnth of Christ, is well calculated for the as 
of schook and private instruction. ^ _ 

A collection of chronological and other 
tables will be found in Taylor's editioiii of Cal- 
met's Dictionary of the Bible, and a ehaMer 
(xx) on Scripture Chronology is given ia we 
Rev. £. Biekersteth's Christian Student, fifth 
edition, 1836. 



22. Calendarium P^destiQie ; to which 



M5 



SCRIPTURE GEOGRAPHY. 



346 



at added an Account of the different 
Modes of Computing Time adopted by 
the Hebrews, and a Dissertation on the 
Hebrew Months from the Latin of J. D. 
MicHAELis, by Wm. Carpbntbr. 
London, 1825, 8vo. 

Aafcftilwork. The Calendar of Palestine 
2»«»printed on a large fbeet to be hungup 

33. Cbnnu^offY of our Saviour's life, 
by Christopher Benson, M.A. Cam- 
bridge, 1819, 8to. 

24. Chronological Analysis of the 
MJe. by the Rev. Joseph Jonbs, M.A., 
of Newchurch. Oxford, 183—, 8vo, 
pobl at lOf. 6c;. 

25. Chronoloflry of the Old Testa- 
n«nt, and its Connection with Profane 

*wtory, by George Skbnb, Esq. Edinb. 

1S36. ^ 

AtnilyTaluablewark— as sensible as it is 

ibort 

TL*** 9*^ treatises relating to Scripture 
throjoiogy^ as likewise to the Calendar and 
rarefcrmttioo, will be found in the class of 
Ustoryiod Antiquities. 

U. 8CBIPTDRX GEOGRAPHY AND 
BIBUCAL ATLASES. 

I-Onomasticon Urbium et Locorum 
». oCTiptune, Gnece primum ab Eusb- 
»»o Cajsariensi, deinde Latine ab Hib- 
wnYMo, variis Additamentia Jac. Bon- 
^Mwi, recensuit, &c. Jo. Clbricus : 
^wt Brocardi Descriptio Terra 
S^fctoR. Amst. 1707, fol. I6s. 

iotte work subsequent writers have been 
P""? aufcbted. 

2. Christ ADRicHOMiiTheatrumTer- 
ff Sanct« et Biblicarum Hiatoriarum. 
^, 1682, fd. 7#. 6d. 

BeMdes being illustrated with large and ac- 
»«w nisps this Tolume is valuable for the 
Tl^^ description which it affords, chie6y 
•nnni from the classics and early ecdcm 
^^ rf«ch place mentioned in the Scrip- 
««». There are earlier editions. 

j^3. Chroroffraphic Pieces of John 

1 Rinc. QuARBSMii Histor., ThcoL, 

A J?^ y^^'™ S"><=*« Elucidatio. 
Ant?., 1639, foL, 2 vols. 

5. Sm. BocHARTi Gcographia Sa- 
oi. ^dpmi, 1646, foL, 10*. 
It ifd!!^ u been reprinted sercral times. 
"oAir?i*^ ^ fc**** "» Bochart's coUectiTe 
ti«-i.i}'^ i^^^- MiCHABLis Spicilegium 
^Wmb Hebneorum extene post Bochar- 
^. <lsobiis pirtibtts. Getting., 1769^, 4to, 



7f. A learned work. (2.) Jo. R, Foksteri 
Epistola ad J. D. Michaelis, hujus Spicileginm 
Geogr. Hebr. jam confirmantes, jam casti- 
gaotes. Getting. 1T72, 4to, 3i. 6rf. A neces- 
sary accompaniment to Michaelis' work. 

6. A Pisgah-sight of Palestine and 
the Confines thereof, with a Historic of 
the O. and N. T, acted thereon, by 
Thomas Fuller, D.D. London, 1650, . 
fol., 10*. 6d, 

* Will be read with a pleasure equal to the 
profit.'— Ryland. 1 he vol. is illustrated with a 
front and plates. 

7. Fnd. Spanhbmii Introductio ad 
Geographiam Sacram. 

See coL 314, no. 4. 

8. Caroli k Sancto Paulo Geogra- 
phia Sacra, cum Notis Luc« Holstb- 
nii. Amst., 1703, fol., \bs, 

9. Historical Geography of the Old 
and New Testament, by Edward Wblls, 
D.D., with Maps and Plates. 8vo, 4 
vols., 16«. 

This well-known and esteemed work has 
gone through many editions, and has firequently 
been reprinted at the Clarendon press m Ox- 
ford, in 8vo, 2 vols., 14». (1.) An Edition, 
with Maps and Plates. London, 1820, 12mo, 
2 vols., 9i. (2.) Geogr. and Histor. Account 
of Places mentioned in Holy Scripture orig. 
composed by Edward Wells, D.D. now re- 
vised, and corrected, and augmented by a series 
of Geogr. Dissertations, &c. : to which is 
added a Geogr. Index to the Sacred Writings 
by the Editor of Calmet's Dictionary oft£e 
Bible [Charles Tat lor]. London, 1824, cr. 
8vo, 3 vols., with an atlas of 44 maps and 
plates, in 4to, 18f . An article (signed S.) on 
the 'fanciful' additions to a new edition of 
Wells' Geography of the Old Testament will 
be found in Brydges' Censura Literaria. 

10. Hadr. Rblandi Palestina ex 
Monumentis veteribus illustrata. Traj. 
Bat. 1714, 4to, 2 vols., 18#. 

One of the most elaborate and valuable 
works on biblical geography that has ever been 
published. Orme observes, 'Almost every 
thing in sacred and profime history is brought 
forward by tlus labonous writer. The work is 
illustrated with some excellent maps, tables, 
and engravings of coins;' as likewise, by a por- 
trait of the author. The Paliestina is reprinted 
in the sixth volume of Ugol'mo's Thesaurus. 

11. Camp. Vitbinoa Geographia 
Sacra, edita opera Dan. God. Wbr- 
NBRi. Jense, 1723, 4to, 6 vols. 

12. Jo. Mat. Hash Regni Davidiciet 
Salomonaei Descnptio Geogr. et His- 
tories ; una cum Descriptione Syrise et 

^gypti* et Tabulis. Nuremb., 1739, fol., 
12*. 
'Ouvrage plein d'^rudition, et n^cessairs 



347 



REUGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



34S 



pourT^tude de l*bistoire sainte.'— Biog. Uni- 

Various Treatifles on Sacred Geogrraphv will 
be found in the fifth, sixth, and seventh volumes 
of Ugolino's Thesaurus. 

13. Histor. undGeogr. Beschreib. von 
Palastina, nach seinem chemal. und ffe- 
genw'art. Zustande, von W. Alb. Ba- 
CHiENS. Leipz, 1766-78, 8vo, 6 vols., 
31 8, 6d, 

14. Sacred Geography, with 44 Plates, 

Maps, &c. 4to, 6 pts. in 1 vol., pubL at 

5«. each. 

This forms the fifth volume of I'aylor's edi- 
tion of Calmet's Dictionary of the Bible. 

15. Introduction to the Geography of 
the New Testament, by Lant Carpen- 
TKR, LL.D., with Maps. F^th Edition. 
12mo, publ. at 5s, 

Principally designed for the use of young 
persons— the author has been greatly indebted 
to Well*' work. 

16. Sacred Geography; or, a Ga- 
zetteer of the Bible, hy Elijah Parish, 
D.D. Boston [Massachussetts], 1813, 

8vo. 

'J'he Rev. T. H. Home acknowledges that 
this gazetteer furnished many articles to the 
geosnuphical and historical index affixed to the 
Uiird volume of his Introduction to the Scrip- 
tures. 

Summary of Biblical Geography and Anti- 
quities, by the Rev. T. H. Hobne. In his In- 
troduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge 
of Uie Holy Scriptures. 

17. Scripture Geography, by Thomas 
Hbming, of Magd. Coll., Ozon., with 
two cord Maps. I^ndon, 1818, roy. 4to, 

publ. at 25^. 

This vol. contains 'an historical account of 
primitive nations, and of all countries and people 
mentioned in sacred history ; to which is prefixed 
an introductory essay concerning the origin, 
occasion, chiuticter and meaning of each book 
or writing in the Holy Bible ; wherein also the 
most dimcult subjects of t)ie mosaic history are 
clearly and fully confirmed by physical reasons 
and proofe, deduced from the present improved 
state of science ; with a list of texts, versions, 
paraphrases, and targpims. in all langruagee into 
whicn the holy writmgs nave been translated 
or converted.' (2.) A Map of Scriptural 
and Classical Geography, by J. Hemino, of 
Magd. Hall. Publ. at 21s. This map is ao- 
eompanied by an historical and descriptive vo- 
lume, in demir octavo, wherein the origin of 
nations is particularly examined and discussed 
with reference to the numerous authorities. 
The whole is intended to &cilitate a knowledge 
of the progressive colonization of the earth, and 
to establish, more dearly, the foundation of uni- 
vereal and ohorographical history. 

The six vols, of^that excellent work, the 
Modem Traveller, edited by Josiah Conder, 
describing Palestine, Syria, and Asia Minor, 



Arabia, Egypt, Nubia^ and Abyssinia, recom- 
mend themselves particularly to the Bibkesl 
student, on account of the ample illustraooM 
which they contain of the history, geography 
and allusions of the sacred writings. 

18. Car. Christ. Sigism. Bbrnhasdi 
Commentatio de Canssis, qullras eSee- 
turn sit, ut Renium Judiae diutius per- 
sisteret, quam Regnum Israel, cumlVJ). 
Geographica. Lovanii, 1825, 4to,6t. 

A prize dissertation, to which the Rev.T. H. 
Home acknowledges himself indebted farsoBK 
valuable observations. 

19. Scripture Gazetteer and Geogn- 

phical ana Historical Dictionary, by 

John Grifiith Mansford. London, 

1829, 8vo, 7s. 6rf. 

A very usefiil book, with maps, tahlai ti 
time, weights, measures, and money ; aad t 
copious chronoL table. 

20. Origines Biblicte, or Beseaidm 
in Primei^ History, by Charles Til- 
stone Bekb, with a Map. London, 1831, 
8vo, vol. 1, publ. at 10«. 6d. 

The first attempt to reoonstroet hislDiy ob 
the principles of the young science of Geologif. 
The author endeavours from the direct evi- 
dence of the Scriptures themselves, to deter- 
mine the positions of the countries and plMef 
mentioned in the Old Testament, and the order 
in which they were peopled ; and to eiphia 
the Origin and Filiation of the various laoes of 
mankino, and of the languages ^oken by tbem. 
It is intended to be completed m anolber vo- 
lume. 

21. Sacred Geography; or, a Dic- 
tionary, Historical and Descrintive, of 
every^ place mentioned in the Bible, by 
Wilham Sime, with a map of PalestiDe. 
Edinb., 1834, 18mo, 5#. 

A valuable assistant to the biblioal stndeai. 
The vol. contains not only the gectgraphy md 
topography, but the hist4H7, andent aoci no- 
dera. together with the present state, as far n 
can be ascertained, of every conntry, kinfif<"D. 
and town, the names of wluch oceor la tke 
Sacred Volume. 

22. Biblical Geography of Centnl 
Asia, with a General Introduction to ^ 
Study of Sacred Greo^phv, inclucfi^ 
the Antediluvian Penod, oy £. F. (1 
RosKNMULLER, D.D., transL from 
the German, with Notes, by die Rer. 
N. MoRRSN, A.M. £dinb., 1836, 9 
vols., pubL at 1 2s, 

One of the most useful of the series eotiM 
the Biblical Cabinet. The translator hM siv 
ably condensed whatever inCormation was hm 
connected with Scriptura, and refuted wteft- 
ever was loose or neolo^cal in the orifiBBL 
Besides a general description of each cmm- 
try, and a detail of the modem stale of tike 



U9 



SCRIPTURB GEOGRAPHY. 



350 



odtbiitMl Blet, brougiit down by the tramk- 
tor le the kteat date, tEere is also giTent huni- 
Moi dutch of the history of each kingdom. 

23. Gaietteer of the Old and New 
Tetttmenta : to which is added the Na- 
tonl Hiatory of the Bible, with an In- 
tzDd. Eiaay on the Importance of the 
Stady oi Sacred Geography, by Wil- 
fiam Flsmino, D.D. Edinb., 1838, 
rof. 8TO, 2 Tola., pubL at 26s. 

54. Biblical Cabinet Atlas, engraved 
hj Thomas Starling, with a General 
Index. London, 1832, 12mo, 6 pts. in 
1 Td., plain, 15«. ; or col'd, 21^. 

A Tcnr neat pocket Tolume. 

(1.) llie Bible Atlas, or Sacred Geography 
dtflBMSed, io a complete Series of (26) Sdip- 
tnal Maps, by Richard Palmsb. New £di- 
tioa eemeted. Roy. Sto, plain, 9t, or co- 
bmd, 12g. The reJierences to these maps are 
fcriHuied by a copious consulting index. 

(2.) The Scripture Adas, to which is added 
la A^hab. Index of Places, with their Lati- 
tude, Longitude and Scriptural References. 
Aoy. 410. plain, 2Sc: col'd, 36*. This atlas, 
pvUidied by Leiffh,had a very extensive sale. 
The iadex was sold separately. 

(3.) Geographia Sacra, or Scripture A.tla8 ; 
to wkidi is added a copious Index, containing 
tW Naaws of Places meatioo#d in the Maps, 
wirii thtir Latitudes and Longitudes, and 
SerntDal Refierences, by G. Wyld, Esq. 
Phn. 10>. ; ool*d, 15r. Several editions. 

(4.) A Seeies of Ten Scriptural Maps, en- 
graved bv Sidney Hall. 4to, publ. at 10*. 6d. 
ugrt\ed expressly for Scott s and Henry's 
CoouBcotaries, diou^ suitable for other edi- 
tioat of the Holy Smptures. 

(5.) The PoOet Bible Adas. Edinb.,1832. 
Eight ne^y executed maps, designed to be 
raad up with a pocket Bible. 

(<l) The Bible Athis, with Ancient and 
Modem Names, accomp. by an Index of all 
the Nsmes, shewing then* Latitude, Longitude, 
and die Plate in which they may be found, by 
SoaradAanowsMrTH. Imper. 8vo, col'd, pub. 
at I3«. or in 4to, foil col'd, at 21<. 

55. An Hittor. Map of Palestine, or 
the Holj Land, drawn bv Mr. Asshb- 
TOK, and engraved by Mr. Hall. A 
laige theet, 40 in. by 27h 15«. ; or on 
cHms, with rt^er, 2U. 

This map exhilnts a delineation of the pecu- 
BarfBoar. fieatures of the country, and of all 
pttees uemn, connected with Scriiyture his- 
tory: is inteftpened with 96 vi^pnettes illus- 
tnlvc of circumstances recorded in the O.and 
Hew Teitienta. The map is accompanied 
with a descriptive pamphlet (1.) An Out- 
fiae of the Histor. Map of Palestine, drawn by 
Mr. AsniTow, and engraved by Mr. Slxath. 
Alns sheet; die site of the original map, but 
wahoit the vwnettes, 5«. 

^) New Map of Palestine* with die Routes 
w^Modem TiavellerB, projected and engraved 
^ It Palmxx. a large sheet, 7<. 6d. This 
««a several times engraved. 



(3.) A Map of Palestine, exhibiting the 
Situation of the principol Places, Mountains, 
and Rivers, mentioned in Sacred Writ A 
sheet, 23 in. by 16f , cold, 2«. 6d. ; or on can- 
vas and roller, 5«. (4.) The Geograpiiy of 
the Holy Land, intended to serve as an Ex- 
planatory Key to the Map of Palestine, with a 
copious Index, and also a Map of Palestine, 
Plan of Jerusalem and its Environs, and PUn 
of the Temple and its Courts. 12mo, 4$. 

(5.) A Map of Palestine, in the time of our 
Saviour, illustrative of the Books of the Evan- 
gelists ; also containing the Principal Places 
mentioned in the Old Testament A sheets 
coloured, 2». 6d, For schools and hible classes. 

(6.) A Map of the Voyages and Travels of 
St Paul. A sneet, 2s, 6d. Intended as a com- 
panion to the Map of Palestine. 

26. Two Mape, one illustrating the 
Ministerial Journeys of our Saviour, 
the other the Travels of St. Paul, con- 
structed from the designs of the Rev. 
J. C. Crosthwaitk, A.m. by A. An- 
ROW8MITH. London, 1830. 

These two maps form a usefol supplement 
to the Atiases to tne Bible, hitherto publishtd. 

27. Charts, Tables, &c. by R. Mim- 

PRI88. 

Mimpriss' pictorial and skeleton' charts can 
hardly (ail to be accepteble to all who read 
and love the Bible— whether teachers or 
learners, whether old or young. 

(1.) A Pictorial, Geograpliical, Chronolo- 
grical and Historical Chart, being a Delinea- 
tion of the Rise and Progress of the Evan- 
gelical or Christian Dispensation from the 
Commencement of the Gospel Narrative to 
the Ascension of our Lord, by R. Mimpriss, 
with a Key. London, 1832. Ihis excellent 
chart, sixty-eight inches by thirty-six, arranged 
according to the Harmonia Evangelica of the 
Rev. Edward Greswell, B. D., contains 170 
vignettes, and about 600 references, and is 
en^ved in a very bold style by J. C. Zeitter. 
It IS mounted on canvas and roller, with 50 
marginal illustrations, and publ. at 7Zs.6d, 
unvarnished ; or varnished at 4/. Is. 6d. A sim- 
ple apparattn, consisting of a mahogany lath 
and balance weight, for raising and lowering 
the chart, may be had, price 7f. 6d. (2.) The 
Same Reduced, size 36 inches by 29, engpraved 
by J. C. Zeitter. Price 21«. on roller. (3.) A 
Series of Ten Skeleton Charts and I'ables, 13i 
inch, by 11, for the use of Young People study- 
ing the Gospel Narrative, as delineated in K. 
Mimpriss* Chart. London, 1834, 3<. 6d. ; on 
writing paper, 4<. 6d. ; on tinted paper, 7i,6d. ^ 
a Key to the same, 2s. (4.) A Skeleton Chart, 
36 inches by 28, to exhibit the whole Ministry 
at sight, with Tabular Columns. Price 3s. 6d. ; 
or mounted on cloth, 7s. 

(5.) A Pictorial, Geographical, Chrono- 
logical, and Historical Chart of the Acts of the 
Apostles, with the Epistles chronologically 
arranged, by R. Mimpbiss, being a continua- 
tion of the History of the Gospel Dispensation, 
and Companion to that of *' Our Lord*s Mi- 
nistry.'' London, 183—. This chart measures 
5 ft. 8 by 4 ft 2, is mounted on canvas and 
roller, and sold at 63». ; or, varnished, at 69*. 



351 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



352 



9 



The trmveb of the different Apoetles may be 
readihr distinffuished -by colours, shewing the 
periods to which they belonsr; the geogra- 
phies! arrangement is compiled from tm latest 
authorities, VIZ.— Smyih, Beaufort, Leake, Zan- 
noni, Guattiere, &c. by John Smith ; and the 
pictorial illustrations are chosen from the first 
masters, and engraved in bold outline by J. C. 
Zeitter. 

(6.) A Gospel Chart, widi an Histor. Table 
on the side, and directions for use on the Cliart, 
size 5 ft. 4 by 4 ft 4, by R. Mimpriss. Price 9$. $ 
or mounted on cloth and rollers, unvam., 16». 
7.) The same, 90 by 24 inches, on one sheet, 
rice At. ; or mounted on cloth and roller, 
unvarnished, 6». 6<L (8.) A Series of 34 Les* 
sons, to accompany the Gospel Chart, for 
Tablets, on half-sheets royal, price 6«. ; or in 
a vol., with black charts for illustration, fisc 
8vo, pp. 200, a«. (9.) The History of the 
Acts of the Apostles, as a Companion to the 
above, are to be had of the same sizes and 
at the same prices, lliese charts are prqected 
purposely for popular education. 

15. NATURAL HISTORY, &C. OF THB 

BIBLE. 

1. Phjrsica Sacra, hoc est Historia 
Naturalis Bibliae a Jo. Jac. Schbuch- 
ZBRo edita, et iconibus [750] ador- 
nata. Aug. Vind., 1731-5, fol., in 4, 6, 
or 8 vols., 7/. 7s. 

* Ce livre, volumineux et chere, est n6an- 
rooins encore indispensable auz naturalistes^ 
parcequ 'il contient beancoup de figures qm 
n'ont point €ii gravies ailleurs.' — Biog. 
Universelle. It is one of the most beauti- 
ful and useful works which has appeared on 
the natural history of the Bible. Tlie plates 
were executed by the most celebrated artists 
of the day. (1.) A German Translation. 
Augsburg^h, 1731-5, fbl., in 6 vols., 8/. 8t. 
This version is preferred to the Latin edition, 
having superior impressions of the plates. 
(2.) A French Translation. Amst., 1732-7, fol., 
in 4 voU., 5/. This is inferior to the preceding- 
editions, as respects the plates. (3.) A Dutch 
Translation. Amst, 1735, &c, fol., 8 vols., 845. 

2. Herbal for the Bible, by Lerinus 
Lbmnius, drawen into English by 
Thomas Nbwton. London, 1587> sm. 
Svo., 79, 6d. 

A curious volume containing ' a plain and 
fiuniliar exposition of such similitudes, para- 
bles, and metaphors, as are borrowed from 
herbs, plants, &c by observation of their 
virtues, qualities, natures, properties, obser- 
vations, and effects.' 

3. Guil. Adbri Enarr. de iEgrotis et 
Morbis in Evangelia. Toloss, 1620, 
Svo. 

In this Ader examines whether the maladies 
which our Saviour removed could have been 
healed by medicine, and decides in the nega- 
tive. The work will be found in the 5th voL 
of the Critici Sacri. 

(1.) An Histor. Essay on the State of 
Physio in the O. and N. T., and the Apocry- 
phal Interval, with a partic. Account of the 



Cases mentioned in Scripture, and Obserrs- 
tions upon them, by Jonathan HAauL Load., 
1739, Svo. 

(2 ) F. Simeon LiNDtvosB de Hebneonm 
Vet Arte Medica, et de Demone et Dmbo- 
niacis. Serv. et Leuoor., 1774, Svo. 

(3.) Ric Mead Medica Sacra^ sive dt 
Morbis insignioribus. qui in Bibkis meno- 
rantur, Comm^tarius. Lond., 1749, Sva 6i. 
In this valuable work Dr. Mead contends tkt 
the demoniacal possessions were a qiedcs d 
disease. (4.) Medica Sacra. . . transl. fron 
the Latin, by Thomas Stack, M.D. London, 
1755, Svo. (5.) Medicuusch-Hennean- 
tische Untersuchung der in der Bibel Vor- 
kommcnden Krankengeschlchten. Lips., 1794, 
Bvo. This medico-hermeneutical inquiry iato 
the history of the diseases which occur ia tlie 
Bible is recommended in Setter's Biblieil 
n ermeneutics. 

(6.) Medica Sacra; or, Short Expositiottof 
the more important Diseases mentioned ia the 
Sacred Scriptures, by Thomas Sbapyxe, M.D. 
Exeter, 1834, post Svo, publ. at 7s. An into- 
resting little volume. 

4. Hieroglyphica Animaliom Tenes- 
trium, Volatilium, Sec. ouie in Scri^uris 
Sacris inveniuntur, et plnri mOTom alio- 
rum, cum eorum Significatione, antore 
Arch. SiMSON. Edinb., 1622-4, 4to, 4 
pts., 7s. 6d. 

The object of this curious work isto ilhalnir 
the various subjects of natural history mo- 
tioned in the Soiptures. The author leU» m 
every thing, true and fabulous, that be coaU 
collect about the subject, and morahstt os 
every thing as he goes along.— Orme. 

5. Sam. BocHARTi Hieroxoicon,nTe 
Bipartitum Opos de Animalibus Skk 
Scriptune. Lond., 1663, foL, 2 toIs. 

A teamed and important work, indispeaMblf 
to the biblical scholar. It is to be founddw b 
Bochart's works. (1.) S.BocHABTiHieroxdieoa, 
recensuit, suis Notis adieotis, £. F. C. Rotrt* 
MOLLER. Lips., I793-0, 4to, 3 vols., 40*. Tbii 
edition has, says Orme, * enlar^ments sad re- 
trenchments. The latter diminish, while dn 
former increase the value of tlw work.* (%) 
Hierozoici ex Sam. Bocharto, Itinerariis rvm 
aliisque doctiss. Virorum Commentsritf stf 
Scriptiunculis, ad plurimorum usus eompastii 
Specimina tria, auctore Frid. Jac Scaoao* 
Tubings. 1784-6, Svo, 6«. 

(1.) Pnysiologus Syrus seu Historia Aaiais* 
hum xxxii m S.S.memoratoruro, SyriaoeeCod, 
Bibl. Vatic, nunc priroum edidit. vatit. ci 
illustravit Ol. Gert Ttscbbn. Host., 1795. 
sm. Svo, 4<. 6d. 

(2.) Bible Quadrupeds, or the Katonl 
History of the Animals mentioned in Scriptare« 
with 16 Engravings by S. Williams. Lob* 
don, 1837, pubL at St. 

6. Mat. HiLLBRi Hierophyticoii.sM 
Commentarius in Loca Scnpture Sicyvi*' 
quie Plantanim feciunt Mentionan; ml 
accessit Prsefatio — Pfistbri. Tr^n 
1725, 4to, 7«. 6rf. 



J 



353 



SCRIPTURE NATURAL HISTORY. 



354 



Uiller hm done for tbe plaoti whftt Bocbart 
Im for the unmAls mentioiied in Scripture. 

(1.) ObtenrftdooB on aeveral Plants men- 
tiooed IB Scriptore, and on the Fiaheg eaten by 
ov Samnr after his Resurrection, by Sir 
Thooas Bbown. In his collective works. 

7. OlaTi Cblsii Hiero-botaniccm, nve 
de Plantis Stcise Scriptune Disserta- 
tioiiM breves. UpsaL, 1745-7> et Amst., 
1748, 8vo, 2 vols., 40*. 

'TUs work was not esteemed as it deserved till 
ib totiior was no more. There having* been 
bit 300 copies printed, it is now very rare, and 
a one of those works which are oftener talked 
of than read.*-Sir J. £. Smith. ' Besides his 
bo^oioal knowledge, the author avails himself 
of bis lequamtance with Arabic literature in 
oondsctiiig his investigations. Hb work de- 
ttrres to occupy a place by the Hieroioicon of 
Boekait.' 

(L) The Scripture Garden Walk, compris- 
i&f the Botanical Exposition and NaturalHis- 
t^ of each Plant in the Sacred Scriptures, 
via tpfifopriate Reflections and original 
Poetry. London, 183-, post 8vo, pubL at 
l(k.6d. 

6. Scripture lUustrated principally on 
•lAjecta of Natural Philosophy, Natural 
Hwoiy, Geology, Botany, Sec, includ- 
ing t Sfstem. Arrangement of Natural 
History, with Plates. London, 1802, 
tto, 8 pto. in 1 roL, 24$, 

lUi farms the fourth vol of Taylor's un- 
prored Edition of Calmet's Dictionary of the 
Bible. Copiaa were sold separately. 

9. The Natural History of the Bihle, 
eoQacted from the Best Authorities, and 
j^P^ibetically arranged, with Plates, by 
Jnd, Mason Harris, D.D. Boston 

[MtmdmsBctts], 1820, 8vo, 7#. 

Aa excellent description of all the quadru- 
Pgkb ttdi, fishes, reptiles, and insects, trees, 
FPtt » flowers, gems* uid precious stones, 
"■c^tioned in die Sacred Scriptures, illustrated 
^ n any usefiil and instructive fbcts, obser- 
^^■NMnd reasonim^; and in the course of 
y^o tk Dr. Harris has introduced new trans- 
■VM of many detached pasaages and of some 
yecb apters of Scripture. The work is truly 
"""^TQgof the attention of the learned and the 
™Mn >ed reader, as containing all that can be 
^MVQ on the subjects which successively oc- 
^' Other editions, some of which are en- 
wBd 'A Dictionary of the Natural History 
•Mke BiWe*— London. 1824, 8vo, 6$. ; Lon- 
f^ 1K2S, l2mo, S».} a New Edition with 
^VMtioos and consid. Additions by Josiah 
(^ota, also 150 Wood-cuts. London, 1833 
•d 4. 12mo. pubL at 7$. 6d, 

Cm Scripture Natural History, or a De- 
JjWe Account of the Zoology, Botany, and 
"•jwry of the Bible, by Wm. Carpentkr, 
*«h Eagt aviBgrn. London, 1828. 8vo, 6i. 
^^notefi vol. is by some considered more 
'c^We than that of Harris, but the latter is 
^frenerally preferred. ( .) Fourth Edition, 
»«h « Engravingi. 12nio,5». 



(2.) Scripture Natural History for Youth, by 
Eraier Hewlett, now Copley, vrith 82 En- 
gravings. London, 18*28, 18mo, 2 vols., plain, 
publ. at 12«. ; col'd, 18t. A very pleasing and 
useful addition to the juvenile library. 

(3.) Scrii>ture Natural History, by Henry 
Althaus, with Wood-cuts. 2 vols,, 4f. Well 
adapted for youth. 

10. Scriptural Geology, or Geological 
Phenomena consistent only with the 
literal Interpretation of the Sacred 
Scriptures, upon the Subjects of the 
Creation and Deluge, [by the Rev. 
Greorge Buoo]. London, 1827, 8vo, 
2 vols., 14*. 

This woriL was written in answer to M. 
Cuvier's Essay on the Theory of the Earth, 
and to Prof. Buckland's Theory of the Caves, 
as delineated in his Reliquie Diluvianas. Mr. 
Bugg professes, both upon scriptural and ph^- 
sicfu principles, to have demonstrated there is 
not a fossil bone or fosal shell in existence 
which has been proved, or can be proved to 
be more ancient tnan the Noahic deluge. 

(1.) A Comparative Estimate of the Mi- 
neral and Mosaical Geologies, revised and 
enlargred with relation to the latest Publica- 
tions on Geology, by Granville Penn. Esq. 
Second Edition. London, 1825, 8vo, 2 vols., 
2Qr. ' In its present improved state Mr.Penn*s 
work forms a most powerful proof and vindi- 
cation of the harmony subastin^ between 
geological discoveries and the Mosaic history.' 
— Rev. T. H. Home. 

(2.) Popular Geology subversive of Divine 
Revelation : a Letter to the Rev. Adam Sedg- 
wick, being a Scriptural Refutation of the 
Geological Positions and Doctrines contained 
in his Commencement Sermon, by the Rev. 
Henry Cole. 8vo, publ. at 5», 

(3.) The Claims of Modem Geology to 
interin^t the Mosiac Account of the Creation 
investigated ; with an Examination of the 
Hypothesis of the Rev. G. S. Faber (founded 
upon the system of M. Cuvier, &c.), that the 
Six Days of Creation mean Six times six thou- 
sand Years. 8vo, 3s, 6d, 

(4.) A General View of the Geology of 
Scripture, by George Fairholmb, Eaq., with 
Plates. London, 1833. 8vo, pubL at 14#. * We 
strongly recommend this work to the religious 
reader, as an armoury of facts, whence he may 
choose defensive weapons against the attacks of 
the infidel.' — Evang. Register. 

(5.) The Mosaical and Mineral Geologies 
illustrated and compared by W.M. Hiooins. 
F.G.S. London, 1833. A dear and useful 
summary of the statementsof modem geologists. 

The greater portion of the first volume of 
the Rev. Jos. Townsend's Character of Moses 
is devoted to geological investigations, esta- 
blishing the credibiHty of a universal deluge. 



16. PICTORIAL OR GRAPHIC ILLUS- 
TRATIONS OF THB BIBLR. 

1. Bihlia Paupemm Historic V. et 
N. Testamenti. Sm. fol. 

2 A 



355 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



3Sd 



Ratpecting this curious production see 
Heinecken, Id6e g^^nerale d'une Coll. d*£8- 
tampesj Bninet, Manuel du Libraire; Ott- 
ley's History of Engraving, &c &c llie 
vdue of the different editions vary from 40 
to £60, according to condition. A copy of one 
of the editions produced £257. fit. at the sale of 
Willet's Library, in 1813. 

2. Passio Domini nostri Jesu ex 
Hieronymo Paduano, etc. per Fratrem 
Chblioonium collecta, cum FlgurlB 
Alb. DuRKRi. 1510, large folio. 

This vol. contains 12 wood«cuts, with a 
Latin text on the margin. The earlier im- 
pressions have no text ' Confining his labours 
almost wholly to religrious and legendary his- 
tories, Albert Durer turned the New Testament 
into the history of a Flemish village. The 
habits of Herod^ Pilate, Joseph, and their 
dwellings, utensib, and customs, were all 
Gothic and European^ his Virgin Mary was 
the heroine of a Kermis.' — Gould. (1.) Passio 
Christi ab Alb. Ditrero effigiata, 1509 et 
1510. Sin. 4to. This entitled ' Petite Pas- 
sion' consists of 37 wood-cuts, and has been 
frequently reprinted. (2.) Apocalypsis cum 
Figuris Alb. DuRERi. Nurenberg, 1498,large 
fol. This consists of 16 wood-cuts after 
Alb. Durer. Alb. Durer likewise engraved a 
* Passio Jesu,' 16 plates, on copper, which is 
greatly valued, and has been frequently copied, 
according to firunet The best among Durer*s 
wood-cuts, both in respect of invention and 
execution, are his Greater Passion, and the 
Revelation of St. John. He was an excellent 
engraver on copper and wood : his wood-cuts 
are masterpieces of the art, and considered 
equal to those of Hugo da Carpi. 

3. Historianim Veteris Testamenti 
Icones a Jo. Holbein. Lugd., 1538, 
4to. 

In the introduction to the edition of 1830, noticed 
below, the editor (Francis Douce) maintains 
the authenticity of these ' Images.' and gives a 
history of the earlier editions of tne work, and 
a comparative estimate of the different com- 
positions. ( 1.) The Images of the Old Testa- 
ment lately expressed, set forthe in Yng^lishe 
and French, with a playn and brief Exposition. 
Lyons, by Johnn Frellon, 1549, 4to, 305. The 
English explanations to this edition of Hol- 
bein's designs are in prose, the French are in 
verse. (2.) Icones Veteris Testamenti : 90 
Illustrations of the O. T., engraved on wood, 
from Designs by Hans Holbein [by John and 
Mary BynEU), with Texts in English, Latin, 
Italian, French, and Spanish]. Lond., 1830, 
sm. 8yo. publ. at 21s. ; or India proo&, 42«. 
Holbein s designs are of admirable invention 
and expression, and may be reckoned among 
the best things of the kind. 

There were a variety of wood-cut illus- 
trations to the Scriptures, publbbed in Paris, 
Lyons, &c. in the 15th and 16th centuries. 

4. Imagines V. et N. Testamenti a 
Kapha B LB Sancto Urbinato in Vati- 
cani Palado zystis mira picttme ele- 
gantia expressie, J. J. Rubbis emu ac 



sumptibus delineatie, indsae ac typb 
editae. Romse [16741, obL foL, I6s, 

This vol. contains 42 plates. 

(1.) Pinaootheca Hamptoniana: Eograriogi 
from the Cartoons of Raphael de Urhi&o 
at Hampton Court on 7 Plates, by NicoL 
DoRioNY, large fol. Raffael's Cartoons are 
grand illustrations of the Bible, TeprodvciBC 
many of its j^rindpal events with a vivid tren 
and expressiveness, that make the entfausiiBric 
in some sort contemporary witnesses, and 
bring to every mind a more immediate view of 
the scenes tlian vague meditatioa could pic^ 
ture.— Atheneum. 

(2.) The Seven celebrated Cartoons, painted 
by Raphael, engraved on copper, size 17| it. 
by 23. Published at 2b. plain, or colU. SSi. 
Kxplan. descriptions, with appropriate lesoas, 
accompany th^. 

(3.) The Book of the Cartoons, by the Rev. 
R. Cattsrmole, B.D. London, 1838, Svo, 
publ. at lOf. 6cf. ; la. pa. at 16*.. or Udis 
proo6, 4to colombier, at 2U. An exceDctt 
key to the originals at Hampton Court. 

(4.) Discourses on the Cartoons of Ra&d, 
by the Rev. W. L. Bowles. Salisbary. 183S. 
Bowles' work is of a verv fisrraginoas ostoR, 
comprising, besides the aiscou»t«, a Sermoi 
on K. Charles* Martyrdom; the Last Da^sof 
Chillinjipnrorth ; a Scene at Izaak Waltoa^ 
with divers contiov. notes and interpoladoaft 
of poetry. 

5. Mat. Mbriani Icones Biblkc 
pnecipuas S. Scriptmrse Historias repm- 
sentantes. Argent, l625-7> obL 4tD, 
4 pts. in 1 vol., 30i. 

Merian was a pupil of De Bry, and Went. 
Hollar was Menan s disciple. He was, myt 
Strutt, ' a man of grenius. His works iR 
usually etched in a li^t free style, and re- 
touched, as the occasion required, with the 
graver.* (1.) Historic Sacra V. el N. T., 
cum Fiff. Mat. Meriani. Amst., obL 410, 1&. 
This vol. contains 260 plates. 

6. Melch. Kysbl Icones BiblicaeV. 

et N. Testamenti- Aug. Vind., 1679* 
4to, 5 pts. in 1 vol., Zls, 6d, 

The vol. contains 250 plates, with dexrip- 
tions in Latin and German. ' There is lone- 
thing very a^peeable in the manner cf tiiis 
artist's engrevmjg, especiaUy when be ooniaed 
himself to subjects in which the 6gare» vt 
small.*— Strutt 

7. Pictune Chalcoffr. Historiam V. 
T. celeberr. Artificum Mann delinemtes, 
aere expresss a P. A. Kilian. FbKo, 

218, 

This vol. contains 130 plates— the descrip- 
tions are in German. Kilian*s engravinirs, w 
the opinbn of Strutt, * manifest great skill sad 
are well worth the notice of the curious coSkcr 
tor.* 

8. Historische Bilder-Bibd geseidi- 
net und in kupffer gestochen, von J. U. 
Kraussbn., Augsp. 1705,fol., 2 vols., 
42s. 



357 



PICTORIAL ILLUSTR. OF THE BIBLE. 



These vols, cimtaiii 255 plates, neatly eze- 
niteJ in a pecoliar style of art— ibe d^cnptioos 
are in German verse. 

9. Histoires lea plus remarquables du 
V. et da N. T. grav. en cuivre par Jean 
Liry KBN» ct ennchies d'une Description. 
AzDst, 1732, lar. fol., 30^. 

This ToL contains 62 large plates, five ditto 
■arked a, b, &c., and 29 vignettes. An Edi- 
tton, Amst., 1729, fol., 50». This, to which a 
Dttlch text is affixed, contains the best im- 
pwBOQs of the plates. Some copies were 
^ken off on a very l«rge folio site. (\,) 
Icoaes fiiblics V.et N. T. . . . invent^ et 
ffvivto par J. LmraaN. Amst., P. Mortier, 
nL This voL contains only the large plates. 
Laito has been styled 'the Callot, the Delia 
Bella,and Le Clerc of Holland.' 

10. Christ. WsiosL Scriptura loquens 
in Imajginibus. Norimb. [1695], fol., 
3 pis. in 1 vol. 

Tfab vi^nme contains 831 plates, printed four 
<n a page— at the back is a description in Ger- 
man. ( 1.) Historis celeb. V. et N. Testa- 
n<nli loonibos Cbr. Weicel reprsesentats, et 
fleJectis Epigramm. [Lat. et Germ.] exornats. 
Norimb, [1708], fol.. 2 pts. in 1 vol., 31*. 6d. 
This vol., differing from the former, contains 
261 plates. Some copies are dated 1712. (2.) 
Pisno Jcsa Christi neo-coelatis Iconibus Ch. 
WncH. ex]vesBa. Wien., 1693, 4to, 15*. 

11. Series of 24 Views (coloured) 
jnnslrative of the Holy Scriptures, se- 
lected from Sir Robert Ainslie's Col- 
lectioD of Drawings in Palestine, Egypt, 
Syria, Corinth, Ephesus, etc. 4to, 31*. 6rf. 

12. Histoire Sacr^ de PA. et du N. 
Testament r^pres. en Figures au nombre 
de 614, avec des Ezplic. tiroes des SS. 
P^es, par A. T. D. Bassinbt. Paris, 
1804, roy. Sto, 8 vols., valued at 250 fr. ; 
reOnm paper, at 500fr. 

13. Botdbll's Illustrations of Holy 
Writ; bang a Series of 100 Engravings 
from Designs of Isaac Taylor, jun. of 
Ongar. London, 1813, 4to, 20*., super- 
royal 4to, 25*., pubL at 6/. 6*. ; proofs 
onlndia pafier, 36*., publ. at 8/. 8*. 

The engravings are of a size to illustrate 
ciMes m 4lo, as likewise in Svo. 

14. Scripture Costume, by R. Satch- 
WBtL, with Biogr. Sketches and Histor. 
■ttnwks on the Manners and Customs 
rf Eastern Nations. London, 1819, 
eJep^ 4to, publ. at 5/. 5*. 
_T^ «ne» of engraving, representing the 
PWJpal perMnara mentioned in the Sacred 
WrtfingiB, was drawn under the superinten- 
<fca«ofBenj.Wesl,P.R.A. 

15. Engravings, from the Designs of 
CoEBouLD and Rilby, adapted to iUus- 



358 

tote the O. and N. Testaments. Lon- 
don, 1819, roy. 4to, publ. at 1/. 1*. 

16. Thirty-one Plates to illustrate the 
p. and N. T., engraved by C. Hbath 
from Ric. Wbstall's Designs. Co- 
lomb. 4to, proofs, 15*; India proofs, 20*; 
proofs before letters, 25*. 

17. Illustrations of the Bible, in a Se- 
ries of 20 large Mezzotint Plates, drawn 
and enffraved on steel by John Mar- 
tin. Larffe fol., publ. at £10 10*., re- 
duced to 3/. 3*. 

Martin's prints in illustration of the Scrip- 
tures are well known. His large engravinirs 
Joshua, the Fall of Babylon, the DcEge, &c! 
Mie 271 by 18i inches, are admirably adapted 
when framed and gkied, as decorations for' 
the drawmg room. 

18. Six Illustrations of the Exodus 
from Drawings taken on the spot [by 
W. Newnham], during a Journey in 
Arabia Petraea, engraved on Stone by 
Harding. Obi. 4to, 10*. 6d.; proofs, 
15*. 

Each view is accompanied by a brief topogr. 
descnptoon. and by the passages from sSip- 
ture which it is mtended to illustrate, fn 
the appendix, among other matters, is a sketch 
of Arab history. 

19. The Sacred Annual roy. 4 to, 
publ. at 25*. 

This splendid vol consists of 11 col'd fac- 
similes of original pictures by eminent livine 
artists. ^ 

20. The Biblical Annual London, 
1834, publ, in morocco, at 21*. 

This vol. contains 50 col'd engrarings of all 
the tribes and countries mentioned in sacrad 
history ; with plans of the city of Jerusalem 
and the Temple ; and a ^neral index exhibit- 
ing at one view all that is geographically and 
histoncally interesting in the Holy Scriptures. 

21. [96 wood-cut] Illustrations of the 
Bible, from original Paintings by Ri- 
chard Wbstall, R.A. and John Mar- 
tin, Esq., with descriptive Letterpress, 
by the Rev. Robert Cauntbr. Lond., 
1834-5, 8vo, 12 pts., publ at 1*.; roy. 
4to, at 2*. 6d, each. 

This vol. contains 144 subjects from the O. 
and N. Testaments. The illustrations though 
somewhat rude and coarse, are yet full of spirit 
and vigour. All Martin's celebrated pictures 
are given in this vol. in a reduced scale. 

22. Landscape Illustrations of the 
Bible, made from original Sketches 
taken on the Spot, engraved by W. and 
£. FiNDBN, accompanied by Descrip- 
tions by the Rev. T. H. Hornb, B.D. 



359 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



360 



London, 1834-6, super-roy. 8vo,24pt8., 
publ. at2«. 6d. each. 

A beautiful work, containing 96 views from 
drawings by J. M. Turner, A. W. Calloot, C. 
Stanfield, and other artists. Some copies, for 
the convenience of those who may desire to 
bind up the illustrations with any of the esta- 
blished and annotated editions of the Bible, 
are printed in other sizes, viz. in imper. 8vo, 
at 3f. 6d. ; in royal 4to, proofe, at 4*. ; in roy. 
4to, India proofe, 6#.; and m imper. 4to, 
proofs before the letters at It. 6d, each part. 
Taken alto^ther, the object of illustration, 
the associations connected with the scenes de- 
lineated, the high character of the artists em- 
ploy^, and the exquisite execution of the 
plates, combine to render this publication the 
most interesting work of the kind and of the 
time. 

23. Picture Bible for the Young. 
London, 1834-6, 2 vols., pubL at 6*. 

This, one of the publications of the Religious 
Tract Sociebr, contains sacred narratives in 
the words of the Holy Scripture, illustrated 
with engravings on steel and wood. ( 1.) Pic- 
ture Testament for the Young. 12mo. publ. 
at 6». This vol., a companion to the former, 
contuns a hannony of the Gospeb, and the 
Acts of the Apostles. 



(2.) Scripture Illustrations, with 7 Maps 
and 100 Wood-cuts. Publ. at 7*. An ap- 
proved work for Sunday schools and the 
young. 

(3.) Scripture Prints, First Series, consist- 
ing of 40 Subjects selected from the Old and 
New Testament, with Descriptions from Scrip- 
ture. Publ. at 21*. This and the two follow- 
ing are well adapted for Infant Schools, &c. 
(4.) Second Series, consisting of 14 Subjects, 
size 12 inches by 16. Publ. at 12*. plain, or 
24#. coloured. (5.) Third Series, consisting 
of 12 Subjects, size 26 inches by 18. Publ. at 
42#. plain, or 66*. coloured. 

(6.) Fifty Scripture Embellishments from the 
Old Masters, illustrating the Life of Jesus Christ, 
engraved by J. C. Zeftter, with Exercbes 
by Eliz. Maria Lloyd. London. 1833. ColM 
and mounted on cloth, or printed in colours on 
caids, in a case, publ. at 16*. A second and 
third edition have appeared. It is an inge- 
nious and well executed device for imparting 
to the young suitable instruction in the N. 1 . 
History. Tne Exercises are a very appro- 
priate series of questions and answers intended 
as aids for teachers, on which to ground suit- 
able examinations tor the easy attainment and 
permanent knowledge of the narratives of the 
Four Evangelists. 

(7.) Twelve Prints, 26 in. by 18. illustrative 
of the O. and N. T. copied from the Designs 
of the Great Masters. Publ. at 42*. plain ; or 
col'd at 66*. Intended for the use of infant 
schools and the young. (8*.) Twelve Prints, 
12 in. by 16, illustrative of the Bible from De- 
signs of the Great Masters. Publ. at 12*. 
plain ; col'd, at 24*. This collection varies 
fewn the former. Explanatory descriptions, 
with appropriate questions, accompany each. 

Many parents, says the Kev. E. Bickersteth, 
have found Scripture Pictures an advantage- 
ous mode of conveying scriptural knowledge 



to tiieir children. Dr. Doddridge's motfaer 
taught him the history of the Old and the New 
Testament before he could read, by the nvsl- 
ance of some Dutch tiles in the dumoey of die 
room where they commonly sat ; and W wiie 
and pious reflections on the stories there re- 
presented, were the means of making loae 
good impressions on his heart whidi were never 
effaced. 

24. The Biblical Keepsake for 1835. 
6, and 7. London, 1835. Sec,, 3 vok, 
in morocco, publ. at 21f. each. 

These vols., admirably adapted for a sAod 
prize or family pr^«nt, contam each 32 viewi 
of places mentioned in the Holy SciipUiws, 
engraved by W. a^id £. Finden, with descm- 
tions of the plates, arranged in the order ofrae 
chapters to the Bible, by the Rev. T. ILHorae. 
See above, no. 22. 

25. lUostrations of the Bible and 
Confirmations of Sacred History, ftom 
the Monuments of Egypt, by W.C. 
Taylor, LL.D. London, 1838, 12mo, 

publ. at 6s. 6d, 

This vol. contains 93 wood engravings se- 
lected fifom the magnificent and exoensm 
works of Rosellini, Champollion, and Cail' 
liaud. 

26. Scripture Dlustrations, &c. on 
steel and wood, iUustr. of the Geognpht 
and Topography of the Bible, Sec. witn 
Explanations and Remarks by the Rer. 
J. A. La Trobb. London, 1838^, 
4to, 12 pts. pubL at 2«. 6d. each. 

A series of engravings demontrating the 
truth of the Scriptures from the face of nature 
and the remains of the works of man. 

For other Pictorial Illustrations of the Hoh 
Scriptures see col. 131, nos. 73 and 77 ; «L 
306,no.65j col. 314, nos. 2. 3, andSa; coL 
351, no. 1. 

•^» The Rev. E. Bickersteth recommeods the 
formation of scriptural museums injM»e 
towns. ' Such a museum should compnhcM 
the best maps of the countries named ia die 
Scriptures, the best views that can he hid a 
the different scenes of nature, a collectioa « 
the various animals, plants, mincrahk and^^ 
cious stones alluded to, modete of the hoaacs, 
and instrumenti of war, aiid agriculton*. »• 
cient armour, ancient dresses, and dreaes w 
the High Priest, priests, and Lcvitea, mwjg j 
of the temple furmture, and of the tabemads, 
specimens of the coins mentioned^ ths mode « 
preparing books and ancient mas. 



301 



ECCLESIASTICAL POLITY. 



362 



n. ECCLESIASTICAL POLITY, 

RTTES, CEREMONIES, AND 

CREEDS. 

1. 0» TOLKRATION, ON THB RIGHT 
0? PBIVATB JUD6MSNT, AND ON 
THB POWBB OP THB MAGI8TRATB 
IN MATTBR8 OP RBLIGION. 

1. Discoone of the Liberty of Pro- 
phefjing, shewing the Unreasonableness 
of Prescribing to Other Men's Faith, 
asd the Iniquity of Persecuting diffe- 
rent Opinions, by Jer. Taylor, Bp. of 
Dofwn and CMinor. London, 1647, 4to, 
di. 

Frequestly reprinted. It is truly a splendid 
•od eloquent defence of toleration, and will be 
fimad to contain the substance of almoet every 
vgmeat that has been urged in modem times, 
QB Am great question of Religious Liberty. 
(L) An Edition, with an Introd. Essay, by the 
ncT. Richard CaiTEBMOLB. London, 1834, 
I2ai^ pabL at 6s. The editor's introduction 
faratnes the same catholic spirit as the original 
wwk. * Taylor's Liberty of Prophesyinjj', 
Ihoagfc written to procure toleradon for his 
own poKcuted communion, pleaded the rights 
of that toleration on grounds so universal, that 
the oppressors and the persecutors, when them- 
iebes dqvrcBsed, quickly learned to shelter 
IheoKeives under its protection. In short, to 
the principles of Bp. Taylor, first, perhaps, dis- 
Iilayed in tha admirable work, may be traced 
die itiU more clear and irrefragable reasonings 
of Lo<^, and finally the Toleration Act itself.' 
—<)aart. Review. 

3. Exhortation to Brotherly Commu- 
nion betwixt the Protestant Churches, 
by John Davbnant, Bp. of Salisbury. 
Lnid.^ 1641, 12mo, 4«. 

says the Rev. £. Bic^ersteth, is a de- 
httle work on the subject Baxter, 
jbes, Bp. StiUingfleet, and others, wrote 
vitktfaeaame views. 

3. Hug. Grotii de Imperio Summa- 
nan Poatestatom circa Sacra Commen- 
tSRis posthumus. Paris., 16479 8vo, 

Reprinted 1661, and also in Grothis' works. 
The Armtman persecution gave rise to this 
kvaed and eloquent treatise. It was ' perhaps 
Ike fifst advocation of religious liberty that 
■ned from any press. But Sir Thomas More 
had, lon^ before, supposed its existence in 
IHofaa-'—C. Butler. (1.) Verini Simplicii 
[Chiidii SaljiasiiI Judicium de libro Pos- 
OsBo Hog. Giotii. HagiopoU, 1646, 8vo, 

4. Treatise of Civil Power in Eccle- 
■itttica] Causes, shewing that it is not 
kwfol for any Power on earth to com- 
Del in Matters jof Religion, by John 
Milton. 

la Us Prose Works. 




5. Religion and Policy, and the Coun- 
tenance and Assistance each should give 
the other, with a Survey of the Power 
and Jurisdiction of the Pope in the Do- 
minions of other Princes, by Edward 
[Hyde] Earl of Clarendon. Oxford, 
1811, royal 8vo, 2 vols., 21f.; large 
paper, pub. at 8/. 8s. 

Of the 711 pa^ which this book contains, 
636 are occupied m an historical development 
of the use, progress, and decline of the Papal 
authority, beginning with the foundation of the 
Church of Rome, and endmg with the reign 
of Clement X, who was elected in 1670. The 
remaining 75 pages, are divided between a 
short introduction of 11 chapters, and a chapter 
entitled ' Concluding Observations upon the 
Pope's Usurped Supremacy, aud the Duty of 
Catholic Subjects to Protestant Sovereigns.' 
— An article, * Lord Clarendon on Cathoucs,* 
will be found in the Edinb. Review, xix, 435- 
63. 

6. Irenicum Irenicorum, seu Recon- 
ciliatoris Christianorum hodiernorum 
Norma triplex: sana omnium Homi- 
num Ratio, Scriptura Sacra et Tradi- 
tiones [auctore Dan. Zwickero]. 1658, 
8vo. 

* Ouvrage fort recherche, et qui renferme le 
corps de doctrine des Conciliateurs ou Tol^- 
rans.'-~De Bure. (I.) lo. AmosCoMENii Ad- 
mooitio de Irenico Irenicorum, hoc est^ de 
Condidonibus Pacis, a Socini Secta reliquo 
Orbi Christiano oblatis. AmsL, 1660, Svo. 
(2.) Irenicomostix victus et constrictus, seu 
Kefutatio duplex Comenii et aliorum Adversa- 
rionim [per D. Zwickerum]. Amst, 1661, 
8vo. (31) Irenicomastix iterate victus et con- 
strictus, imo obmutescens. 1667, 8vo. A com- 
lete copy, as above, is valued at 73s. 6d., in a 
kseUer's late catalogue. 



plet 
bool 



7. Irenicum ; a Weapon-salve for 
the Church's Wounds, or the Divine 
Right of particular Forms of Church 
Government discussed and examined, 
by Edw. Stillingfleet, Bp. of Wor- 
cester. London, 1662, 4to, 4^. 6d, 

Also in the second volume of the Bishop's 
Works. ' The injustice of intolerance is com- 
batted and exposed in a very brief and masterly 
manner, by Bps. Taylor and Stillingfleet Both 
plead for religious liberty; the one when it was 
violated by oppression, the other when it was 
in danger from fresh resentments.' — Bp. War- 
burton. 

8. Indulgence and Toleration consi- 
dered, with a Peace Offering, in an 
Apology and Humble Plea for Indul- 

Jence and Liberty of Conscience, by 
ohn Owen, D.D. London, 1668, 4to. 

9. Ger. Jo. Vossii Dissertatio Epis- 
tolica de Jure Magistratus in Rebus 
Eccleaiasticis. Amst., 1669, 4to, 3*. 

B B 



363 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



364 



The wofks of this leaned writer are ereoenlly 
considered of autbority. 

10. Philosophical Commentary on 
these words of the Gospel, Luke xiv, 23, 
'Compel them to come in, that My House 
maybe full/ by Peter Bat lb. Lon- 
don, 1708, sm. 8vo, 2 vols., 6$, 

'llie obiect of this work is not so much to 
illustrate the Bible, as to furnish a philosophi- 
cal defence of religious liberty.'—Orme. It 
was first printed in French, as ajpretended 
translation from the English, in 168o, l8mo, 2 
vols. 6s., reprinted Rott., 1713, 12mo, 2 vols. 

11. Private Judffement in Matters of 
Religion Defended, oy Richard Kidder, 
Bp. of Bath and Wells. Lond., 1686, 
4to. 

12. Letters (Four) on Toleration, by 
John LocKB. London, 1765, 4to, 
7s, 6d. 

Also in the different editions of Locke's 
works. The oppressive treatment of dissenters 
or sectaries caused this treatise, which, with 
those of Taylor and Stillingfleet, and tnat of 
Bayle ' should be carefully studied. They give 
a complete view of the subject Such who have 
wrote since in support of the divine principle of 
toleration, may be said, only, actum agere.'--Bp. 
Warburton. ' Locke's invaluable letter on To- 
leration appeared in 1689. It was, as might 
be expected, opposed ; and the controversy was 
continued in subsequent letters till 1706. Many 
exceedingly disliked it.' — Bickersteth. It hsis 
been frequently characterised as the most origi- 
nal of his, Ix)cke's, productions, and Lord 
Grenville pronounces tne work 'unanswerable.' 

13. Reasonableness of Toleration in- 
quired into, purely on Church Principles, 
by John Saob, Bp. of Edinburgh. 
London, 1705, 8vo, 6s, 

14. Three Discourses, transl. from the 
Latin and French of Dr. Samuel Wb- 
RBNPBLS, by Phileleutherus Cantabri- 
giensis [Thomas Hernb]. London, 
1718, 8vo, 3s. 6d. 

These discourses are — 1, a Defence of Pri- 
vate Judgment; 2, against the Authority of the 
Magistrate over Conscience ^ 3, some Conside- 
rations concerning the Reuniting of Protestants.' 

15. The Rights of the Protestant Dis- 
senters to Complete Toleration. 

A standard work among the dissenters. 

16. The Alliance between Church and 
State, or the Necessity and Equitv of an 
Established Religion and a Test aemon- 
strated, by Wm. Warburton, Bp. of 
Gloucester. Fourth Edition enlarged. 
London, 1766, 8vo, Ss, 

Also in the collective editions of the Bishop's 
works. Bishop Warburton's Altianoe of ue 
Church and State, and his Divine Lc^^on, 
however we may differ from some ,of his main 



prindpleiL cannot be read without boa^ 

sible of the vigour of his intellect, or widioai 
enlarging the mind.— Bickentedi. There is a 
review of the Alliance in Graves' Lectnra on 
the Pentateuch, ii, 1^2-54, and an eTaminstiwi 
and refutation of its theory will be fomid in the 
British Critic for July, 1827. 

17. Treatise on Religious Toleratioo, 
transL from the French of M. de Vol- 
TAiRB. Lond., 1764, 8vo, 3t. 6dL 

18. Reflexions Philos. et Polit. snrh 
Tolerance Religieusc, &c., par J. P. de 
N • • •. Pans, 1809, 8vo, 6*. 

This interesting vol. also contains RiBenam 
* sur la libre Ezercice de tous les Culte«» et sv 
rinquisition. les Moines, les divers C^libati, 
&c, consider^s, dans TOrdre Social, sow le 
Rapport des Moyens par lesqvels se maaife»- 
tent les Opinions Religieuses et aoos cehn da 
Progresdes Lumieres en Europe, etde leor Eu 
en France au Commencement du 19e Siede.' 
An article * Sur la Tolerance Rdigiease/ witk 
a notice of the work, appeared in die Ediab. 
Review, ivi. 413-30. 

19. Letter to the Conductor of the 
Critical Review on Religious Toleratioii, 
by Herbert Marsh, Bp. of PMk^ 
rough. Camb., 1810, 8vo, 1*. 6d, 

20. Popular Reflections on the Pro- 
gress of the Principles of Toleration, nd 
the Reasonableness of the Cadiolic 
Claims, by a Protestant [the Rev. Joha 
Wilson, of Irvine]. Newcastle, 1814. 

Observations on ' Toleration,' saggeMed br 
the perusal of this interesting work, appearal 
in the Edinb. Review, xxvi, 51.66. (1.) Se- 
cond Edition. 1820, 8vo, 6*. 

21. Dissertation on Church PoGt?, 
by Andrew Coventry Dick, Esq., Ad- 
vocate. Edinb., 1835, sm. 8vo, U. 6dL 

An excellent piece of sound and eloquc^ 
argumentation, well deserving of an atmtiTe 
perusal from all who wish to understand thr 
pending question between oompolsrves and tbr 
voluntaries. The dissertation is divided iato 
the foUowinir sections,—!. Authority of the 
Magistrate m Matters of Religion: 2aad3j 
I'he Argument from Scripture uid from Cmi 
Unity; 4, 5, 6, and 7, Idea. The Creed, The 
Endowment, and The Subordination «£ u 
Established Church; 8 and 9, An EstabbihiJ 
Church as a Scheme of Instructioa ; 10, Pd> 
tical Effects of an Established Charcfa. 

22. The Principles of Tolenrtioii, 
James Mill, Esq., Author (^ the Hi 
tory of British Incua. London, 1837. 

23. Inquiry into the Use of Cbi 
Authority, Tradition, and Private Jodgi 
ment in tbe Investigation of 
Truth: with a Catena Patrum, 
the Writiuffs of Anglican EHvines 
have regarded Scripture as Uie 



M 



COUNCILS. 



366 

in matters of Religion, by Andrew 

Mabvell. London, 1687, 4to, 6s. 

The author concludes thu«: ' I trust in the 

a)i.Ain«.~^JL7 Zt "^ "*^* ■»! w uiouiwiu uie Alnai^hty, that with us contentions are now at 

Mwnie r^ of pnvaUi judgment in opposi- the higrhest float; and that the day wUl come 

wity. Though purely (for what cause is there to despair?) when the 
n in a mild and tole. passions of men beimr RllniH mon ak.ii »;*i. 



Tert of the Dmne Will, by the Rev. 
Jolni Moore Capbs. London, 1838, 
8?o, pubL at 10». 6rf. 

kUtj**?? ^ ^ work is, to maintain tlie 



ten locodesiMtical authority. *uougopureiy 
cootrovOTal, u is written in a mild and tole- 

•The hatory of Toleration is still a desidera- 
Sr^i?" impojtant one ; for itaffoitls very 
Meful leswns both to Statesmen and Diyines 
MweflastopnTate Christiaus of aU denomina- 

&nM>eaid»some matter of curious speculation I 
to phBoBDDhenu'..EHtnk»«a.k l)^;..-!^ 



to phflo8oph«n.'-EdinbuiKh RetiewT 

2. COUNCILS OF THE ROMAN AND 
BSFOKMSD CHURCUBS. 

(1.) larraoDvcnox to, and treatises on 

TOE ADTHORITY, &C OP, COUNaLS. 

1. Traite de 1' Etude dee Conciles et 
«e leurs Collections, avec un Catalogue 
to Drincipaux Auteurs [par Fr. Sal- 
JiOK]. Pans, 1724, 4to, 7s. 6d, ; Paris, 
17x5, 8to, 6». 

^^^^ ******* A val^We chronology of 
««*w, mth a specificatbn of the purposes 

2L2^J?^5^^' ^^ conrened, will be 
to»d m Pkyfeir's Chronology. 

,^;lt«PI>e»8 to the author (the Rev. E. 
«<«witeUi> to bA-of httle value for the minis- 
y to go deeplv into councils. The Church 
drLa^ud jisstly asserts, diat 'things ordained 
•Tgeaou oounctls, as necessary to salvation, 
■«roer strength nor authority, unless it 
wg be declared, that they be taken out of 
*»*T Scripture.' 

2. Domin. Jacobatii, Episc.Lucer., 
« Conaho Tractatus. Roma, 1538, 

•Ce vdume £ut le xviii tome des Conciles du 

i^Labbe,ct est tres rare decette^tion. II 
■«e re-mpnmfc a Y^nise, et n'est pas estim^, 
P«ee q« il n ett pas correct'— Onnont. 



passions of men being allaid, men shall with 
ten tunes redoubled tokens of unfidnedly re- 
concUed love, show themselves each to other 
. . . .and upon this condition, let my book also 
(ye^ myself, if it were needful) be burnt by 
the hand of those enemies to the peace and 
tranquilhty of the religion of England.' 

6. Ronum Forgeries in the Councils 



dunng the First Four Centuries, with 
an Appendix concerning the Forgeries 
and Errors in the Annals of Baronius, 
by Thomas Combbr, D.D. Lond., 1689, 
4to, 6*. 

1 Jl® '^r^'^^^'TA*^^* 4to~the first appeared in 
lj'3, 8vo. Dr. Thomas James, in his Treatise 
?£io i-'®"?P^?°* ^ Scripture, 1611, 4to, and 
1688, 8yo, discloses also fraudulent alterations 
m the Councils. 

6. Bbnedicti XIV [Lambertini] de 
Synodo Diocesana Libri XIII, Editio 
post plurimas, praesertim Patris E. de 
Azevedo, aucta et castigata. Mechlin., 
1823, 12mo, 4 vols., 24*. 

Best edition. Others appeared — Roms 
1755, fol.: Lovami, 1763, 8vo, 4 vob.; Fer- 

I?"?' V^^..^^' 2 vols.; RomsB, 1767, 4to, 
2 vols., 7i. 6<i. 



Rwi. PoLi Card, de Concih'o 
Ronue, 



3. 

^?\J5P"®» }^^> tip- I «>na vois. contam uie History of the councils ; 

™ni«BUy f;epri^ed. The book 'de Con- the sue succeeding vols, contain a general ec- 
^*Lr*^ - by Philhps as 'a treatise, clesiastical history, divided into two sections— 
■'■.■■' pospicurty, good sense, and solid the first, political. comDrebendB thA cnrnm^n/..^ 



^»«fcr jwspMauty, good sense, and solid 

^2?°*' *. W*^ ^ ^ importance of the oc- 
cwoa on which it was written, and shows at 

!2l!z.!**^ jnd ease of the author's genius, 
■WfoodMs of h» heart. The preface by Paul 

r**^^ ' *• "*°f » and one of the most elegant 
■*"»o"tiooB in the Latin tongue.' 

4. P. Labbbi Concilionim General 

JJ^ioiL Ptovinc Dioces., cum Vitis 

^wowqoe Roman. Pontificum, His- 

w^^SjDopsis. Paris., 1661, 4to, 10*. 

TMi T^ ^i**!* ■P®<=™>«»» ^ die collection of 
jj^», which subsequently appeared, see 

* ». Historical Essay touching Gene- 
« Councils, Creeds, and Impositions 



7. L'Esprit de I'Eglise, ou Considera- 
tions Philos. et Polit. sur PHistoire des 
Conciles et des Papes, depuis les Ap6- 
tres jusqu'a nos Jours, par M. de Pot- 
TBR. Paris, 1821, 8vo, 8 vols., 40*. 

The author, according to the Revue Encycl., 
IS not a controversialist or an ultramontane ca- 
suist, but an historian seeking truth amidst a 
chaos of contradictions ; a philosopher who 
contemplates phenomena with judicious regard 
to their principles and effects. The first and se- 
cond vols, contain the history of the councils • 



the first, political, comprehends the commence- 
ment, the progress, and the overthrow of the 
sacerdotal powers: the second, religious, em- 
braces the dogmas, whether orthodox or hete- 
rodox, of the vanous sects; ^e history of 
schism ; the most remarkable doctrinal points * 
and accounts of the manners of the popes anci 
priesthood. 

(2.) BISTORT or COUNCILS. 

8. Dictionnaire des Conciles, conte- 
nant une Somme de tous les Conciles 
G^n^raux, Nationaux, &c., par Pons. 
Auff. Allbtz. Paris, 1773, 8vo. 

This edition is prefisrable to that of 1758, 
sm. 8vo. 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



367 

• The history of the councils J» iiwieed the 
most importaZt part of the pubhc Justorj of 
the Church. Tlie study of its records claims 
the days and nights of the ecclesiastic^ m- 
quu^r/and wUl reward his di^fence wi^ the 
most interesting and satisfactory knowledge. — 
Dowling. 

Q.Edm. RicHKEii Hietoria Conci- 
liorum Generalium; accesait ejusdem 
Demonatratio LibelU de ,Eccle«^ti^ 
et Politica Potestate. Colon., 1680-3, 

^%IA Uude, lectione, atque attentione 
di^nuCst.^Walch. According to Mosheun 
eEi Richer was the strenuous j^o^r of 
Swencroachments made by the PonUff on t^ie 
Ube^ of the GaUican Church. See col. 381, 

no. 10. 

10 lo. Cabassutii Notitia Ecclesi. 
asticaHistoriarum Conciliorum, et Ca- 
nonum inviccm collectorum, yetenimque 
juxta et recentiorum Ecclesiw Rituum. 
Luird.. 1685, fol., 15s. 

'6'un jn^ usa^ P0«' *? communs d« 
l^l^^LS^.'-^^Pi«- 'The account of the 
C^ncib W the learned Caba^tius, answ^ 
weU the purpose it was designed for. -Fhillips 
rUieStudTof^ file volume contwns 

TlS^Jj o?the Councils, from those of the 
^Dostles to that of Constantmople, 1642 ; to 
Eire added short I)«ertotions«.d^a 
complete index to the subjects. ( I.) Another. 
1702, fol., 165. 

11 Istoria Universale di tutti Con- 
cilii generali e particolari di Santa 
Chiesa, da Marco Battaglini. Ve- 

nezia, 1696, fol., 24*. ^ . „. • 

• Ex conciliorum voluminibus a Suno, Bimo, 

et Labbeo editis. nec^non ex ISBaromo ac 

Spondanc'-Walch. There are copies of the 

dates 1686, 1688, 1689, and 1704. 

12. Histoire des Conciles, ensemble 

les Canons deVEgliscrAbregmironol. 

de la Vie des Papes et leurs Decisions, 
avec des Notes, par M. Hermant. 
Rouen, 1730. 8vo.4 vols., 24s. 

Best edition. Others appeared 1695,1704, 
and 1716, 12mo, 4 vols, each 20i. 

13 Epitome of the General Councils 
of the Church, from the Council of 
Nice. 326, to the Conclusion of the Ro- 
man CouncU of Trent in 1563, with in- 
cidental Notices of other Councils, and 
an Appendix containing some Observa- 
tions on the first four General Councils, 
JewersApology,andNowers Catechisms, 
by the Rev. Richard Grier, D.D. 
DubUn. 1 828, 8vo, publ. at 9f . 

This volume was prepared by its author for 
the purpose of fumishingf assistance to candi- 
dates foVthe sacred ministry, who ' have en- 
larged Uie sphere of their m9Uine8 by inyej^- 
patlngthearchivesofthcpnmiUvechurch. The 



36« 



I Rev. E. BicKcTsteth pionoimce* rt t» be • 
very useful compendium, particulariy to ttais 
who have not an opportumty of consallu^ 
g^reat collections.* 

14. Henr.NoRis, Rom. Ecdes. Card., 
Dissertatio Historica de Synodo Quutti 
Oecumenica, cum Defensione qusdcm 

Dissertationis. Fol. 
In the first and fourth vols, of this authofi 

works. 

15. Vera Historia Unionis non vera 
inter Gnecos et Latinos, sive Histom 
Concilii Florentini Grsece scnpto per 
Sylv. Sguropulum, transtulit m S«m. 
Lat., Notasque adjccit Rob. Crbtoh- 
TON. Hag. Com., 1660, fol., I2i, 

* This remarkable work will aJ^y* be naj 
with a deep moral interest, mdepCTdently rt 
the usual sources of entertamment, bengsott 
an unusual conservation of intolerance,- • »CT 
Cerberus of theological bigotry. J^"™*' 
abigoted Greek, who relates, "fd bitteriyc«^ 
pla^ of, the bigotry of die Utms mo«on. 
Consciously iUu^tes and deUnls W«. 
and tlie editor, Robert Creyghtone, astmrt 
Protestant, Ubours m his ?wf^^«^»^ 
and not altogether '^^'^J'J^^^ 
bijrotry the lealots of Rome and Conrtwfr 
n^-Edinbuigh Review. ^ltiB«»d^ 
by the Romish cEurch as the h«r^ sc*^ 

of the council, and was «»J«^ J^jJ^l^ 
tins. Mosheim reckons it of much importantt. 

15 a. D. Tho. Ittigu Historia Con- 
cilii Nicaeni, edidit Christ. Luoovicr*, 
cum Praefatione, Annott., &c. upoe, 
1712, 4to. 

16. HistoireduConciledePisc,^^ 
ce qui s'est pass^ de plus m«nioiaWe 
depuis ce Concile jusqu'au Concik « 
Constance, par Jaques Lbnpant, w« 
Portraite. Amst., 1724, 4tn, 3 roil, 

15«.. large paper, 18*. ^ , ic 

ReprinL^^Utrechi. 1731 4to, 2 vok. \5^ 
Lenfant's history is commended by W alcft- 

17. Histoire du Concile de Consunec. 
par Jacques Lbnfant, avec Portmt^ 
Amst., 1714, 4to, 2volji., I6f. 

Reprinted Amst. 1727. 4to, 2 l^^^ 
large%per.27i. The Hbtonr ofthe Co^ 
ofConstknce . . . transl. by Stephen ^h^.; 
ULY. Lond.,1730,4to.2vols.,20.j5i»fc^» 
history is, says Mosheim, * composed win 
mat accuracy and elegance, ^ r«*. 

n.) Das ConciUum Brich gesdHaennC*- 
tenez . . . [von Ul. RiacHK«THAi.l. Aw«2; 
aSl W, 1483, fol.. 621. 6rf. 'WeW^ 
mus est qui insignia, secundum trttf ****7' 
regulas, descripta exhibet*— FwyttT^A^ 
cordmg to Lenfant, it contains aU qw'W' 
I'exterieur du concile. comme «• ctttw^ 
pubUques.rarriv6eet la reception «?^5*^ 
deurs, ou des deputez, les aclea du to. w «^ 
et armoiries des papes, des pn^ces, etc. ^^ 
Das ConciUum so zu Constant!. Angsiw^ 
1S36, sm. fol., 30». This editiou abu ooaoa* 



969 



COUNCILS. 



370 



coti of the arraoml bearings of all who at- 
icaded the oooncil, of the canooizatum of St 
Bridget, and also of Tarioos incideiitB which 
oecDRtd during the council. 

IS. Histoire de la Guerre des Hue- 
■tea, et du Concile de Basle^ par J. 
LiNPANT, ayec Portraits, &c. Amst., 
1731, 4to, 2 vols., 15*. 

Lenfant's histories are praised by Weisroann, 
Hid Gibbon obaerres they have been written 
widi a tolerable degree of candour, industry, and 
ckginoe, by a Piotestant minister. M.LenC&nt. 

Treatitcs respecting the Council of B^le, by 
i£oets Svlvius, aft. Pope Pius II, and by Nic. 
jleTadescnis, Archb. oiPanormi, will be found 
IB the respective author*s works. Of the latter 
Dopin observes ' mais le plus curieux de ses 
oavragcs, est son Traits du Concile de B&le. 
dau lequel il fiait lliistoire de ce qui s'est passe 
dao»ce Concile jusqu'a la suspension d* Eugene, 
et fiiit voir ensuite, premierement que le Con- 
cile de Bale est un Concile CEcumeni^ue ; se- 
eoodement que le Concile (Ecumetuque est 
ndeisus du Pape. Cet auteur traite la ques- 
tioQ de hi superiority du Conseil d'une maniere 
tres lolide, &c.' 

1^. Histories, Sec. of the Council of 
Trent 

The Council of Trent is of no authority with 
Protestants, but as exhibiting the true prin- 
ciples of Popery. It sat under five pontificates, 
•nd formed its decrees altogether under papal 
mflapnce. 

(1.) Uistoria del Concilio Tridentino di 
PiRro SoAVE Polano [Fra Paolo Sarpi], con 
Preiuione di M. Antde Dominis. Londra, 
1619, foL, 21«. Reprinted at Geneva, 1629, 
4to, l(k ; Quaita Ediz. riveduta e corretta 
daU' Aotore. Geneva, 1660, 4to, 10s. 6d. 
*Tbe style, and the way of writing, was so 
natural and masculine, the intrigues were 
■o foUy opened, with so many iudicious re- 
flections on all the parts of it, tnat as it was 
read with great pleasure, so it was generally 
looked on as the rarest piece of hi^ory the 
world ever saw.* — Burnet Sarpi is generally 
considered one of the shrewdest of modem his- 
torians. * He has My laid open scenes of du- 
photy, craft, and intrigue, which have seldom 
been equalled, but never surpassed, even in 
the tortuous politics of the Vatican.' — Quarterly 
Heview. * The fiicts recorded by Father Paul 
noma nmmpeached.' Bickersteth. (2.) Pe- 
tri SvAvu Polani Historie Concilii Tridentini 
IM VUI, Latine &cti ex Italico per Ad. 
KnrroN. Aug. Trinob., 1620. fol., lof. He, 
Sarpi, was, in the opinion of Charies Butler, a 
cooeealed Calvinist The work was brought 
into England by Ant de Dominis, Abp. of 
S^palsto m Dabnatia. (3.) Histoire du Con- 
rite de Trente, trad, de lltalien par Jean Dio- 
0AT1. Paris, 1666, foU, 21f. (3 a.) Histoire 
da Concile de Trente de Pietro Paolo Sabpi, 
M. par Dx LA ^othb Josssval, avec des 
Benarques Histor., Poht, et Morales par 
Aaelot de la Hovssa yb. Amst, 1683, 4to, lOi. 
Tkii translation was attacked by all the force 
^fj^ P*P^ partttau in France, and no less 
taan three memorials were presented to obtain 
^ rappresrion. It was reprinted 1686, 4to, 



lOi.. and 1704, 4to, \Q$, (4.) Critique de 
rHistoire du Concile de Trente de Fra^aolo, 
des Lettres et des Memoires de Vargas. 
Kouen, 1719, 4to, 7f. The purpose of the 
author, as stated by Le Courayer, ' n'est pas 
d*examiner si les faits de Thistoire qu*il attaque 
sont vrais ou non ; mais qu'il se propose unique- 
ment de montrer que Fra- Paolo n^ eu aucune 
des quaHtez necessaires & un historien, c*est & 
dire^ ni sagesse, ni moderation, ni jugement, ni 
habilet^.' (5.) Histoire du Concile de Trente 
. . . trad, avec des Notes Crit., Histor., et 
Theol., par P. F. La Covrayer, et Portrait 
Londres, 1736, fol., 2 vols., 30i. Courayer's 
version is more valued thai^the original. It 
was reprinted with portraits at Amst, 1736, 
4to, 2 vols..20i., and again, Amst. 1751, 4to, 
3 vols. (6.) Defense de la Nouvelle Traduc- 
tion de THistoire du Concile de Trente, par F. 
Le Cor raver. Amst, 1742, 12mo, 3«. 6d, 
(7.) L'Honneur de TEglise Catholique et des 
aouverains Pontifs d^fendu contre les Calom- 
nies, les Impostures, et les Blasph^es du Pere 
Courayer, rapandus dans sa Traduction . . . et 

Sirtic. dans les Notes qu*il y a ajout^es. 
ancy, 1749, 8vo, 7». (8.) The History of 
the Council of Trent, by P. Soavb Polano, 
transl. into English by Sir N. Brent. Lon- 
don, 1620, fol., lOi. Reprinted 1629, fol., lOs.: 
1640, fol., I2s., and agam, 1676, fol., 18s. This 
last IS the best edition. Twelve sheets of an 
English translation in 4to. of the wor^ by Dr, 
Sam. Johnson, were printed in 1738. 

(9.) Historia del Concilio di Trento, ove in- 
siemme riuitasi con autorevoli tertimonianze 
un'Istoria falsa divolgata nello stesso arg^omen- 
to sotto uome di Pietro Soave Polano, per il 
P. Sforza Pallaviuno. Roma, 1656-7, fol., 
2 vob.. 31». 6d. ; Milano, 1717, 4to, 3 vols., 
31s. 6d, This latter is considered the best 
edition. Card. Pallavicini. a Jesuit, contends 
that in the deliberations ot the councils there 
was an unanimity in ail points, which related 
to doctrine, or the reformation of manners. 
Weismann pronounces him, ' Scriptor inge- 
moBus et elegans, sed nimis sdSectatus et cama- 
liter prudens, lectione non indignus, se4 mani- 
feste prostituens Curiam Romanam in oculia 
Christianorum novo suo Evangelic, et oonfes- 
sionibus audadbus Politices Komanas, quasi 
necessaris et laudabilis. S. Polanum non tarn 
refutasse visus est, quam confinhasse, imo eum 
tanquam umbra lucem omarit; est tamen 
Historia ejus scriptum £oc Romanas de His- 
toria Reformationis primarium et dassicum.' 
(10.) Idem, ex Italico Latine reddita a J. B. 
GiATTiNo. Ant, 1673, fol., 3 vols, in I, 
21s. (11.) Idem, cum P. Fontxoonu Apo- 
logia pro Sacro Concilio Tridentino adv. J. 
F. Montanum. Augusts, 1775, fol., 3 vols, 
in 1. 3ls. 6d. 

(12.) Mart CHEMNmi Examen. Concilii 
.Tndeutmi. Francof. 1578, foL * A complete re- 
futation of the unchristian decrees and canons of 
the Council of Trent*— Bidcersteth. Chem- 
nitz's examination is also commended by Mo- 
.«heim and Leigh pronounces it ' that excellent 
work or rather most rich biblioth^ue, which 
contains both a reftitation of the uouncil of 
Trent, and also an explication of the whole 
doctrine of the churdi. Other additions ap- 
peared, Francof., 1580, sm. 8vo, 4 vols.; 



371 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



OT 



Genev.. 1034, ibl. ; Gener., 1641, IbL; and 
Franoot., 1707^ foL, 16*. each. 

(13.) Revision du Concile de Trente, conte- 
DaDt leB NuUitez d'iceluy, les Griefs des Rois 
et Princes Chretiens de I'Efflise Gallicane et 
autres Catholiques [par GmL Ranchin. Ge- 
neve] L'An de Grace, 1600, 8vo, 2 vok. 
7«. 6tf. The author was, althoucrh an orthodox 
Christian, suspected of Protestantism from thk 
work. (14.) A Review of the Counoell of 
Trent, transL from the French of Wm. Ran- 
CHiN, by Gerard Lanobaivb. Oxford, 1696, { 
ioL, 7«. 6d. AnL a Wood praises the woi^ 
as vindicating the rights of (Jhrisdan princes, 
and the liberties of particular churches from 
the growing usurpallion of Popes. 

(15.) Instruction et Lettres des Rois et de 
leurs Ambassadeurs, et autres Actes concer- 
nant le Concile de Trente, pris sur les Origi- 
naux. Paris., 1654, 4to, \2t. Of rare occurrence 
according to Vogt, and others. 

(16.) History of the Council of Trent, by 
P. JuRiEu, whereunto is prefixed Ilistor. Re- 
flections on Councils, and particularly on that 



xxxii and 380, pobL at 1^. 
and interesting memoiiB let ua more behind tk 
soenoi, in the whole transaotioQS of the Covaefl, 
protracted through 25 aeanons, than any imA 
that has yet appnred. 

^ (25.) A CompoMlious History of tibe Cova- 
cil of Trent, witti its Decrees and Caaaot, uA 
Remarks thereon, by the Rev. W. B. MatUaM, 
A.M., Chaplain of Bethesda. Dublin, IS)^ 
8vo, publ. at IQi. 6d. An excellent abridgne&i 
of the acts of this council. A brief history of 
the Council of Trent, atransl. of itsdecrfeL&e. 
will be found in Cramp's Text Book of Popery, 
printed 1831, 12mo, 6i. 



(3.) ACTS AND DECaSBS OP COUN CIL S. 



of the Council of Trent London, 1684, 8vo, 
6«. This is an epitome of Sarpi's history. 

(17.) [A. RsDiNon] Abbatis et Principis 
Einsidlensifl Tridentini Concilii Veritas ioex- 
tincta, ne apice quidem lesa ex presumpt. J. 
H. lieideggeri Anatome. Typis Monast 
Eiittidl., 1684, fol., 5 vols., 52i. 6d. ' Reding 
avoit beauooup de zele a combattre les erreurs 
des h^r^tiques, et ses ouvrages lui ont merits 
un rang distingu^ parmi nos auteurs.' — Bibl. 
des Auteurs de S. BeiMHt. Heidegger's work 
originally appeared in 1672, see next article, 
no. (18). 

(18.) J. H. Heideooxri Tumulus Triden- 
tim Concilii, juxta dusdem Anatomen sen 
Sceleton antehac exhibitum, noviter erectns. 
Tiguri, 1690, 4to, 2 vols., 12s. This is said to 
be an excellent expose. Calvin also wrote an 
antidote. 

(19.) The Council of Trent no Free Assem- 
bly, with an Introduction concerning Councils, 
by Michael Geddes, LL.D. Lond., 1697, 8vo, 
4t.6d^ Reprinted 1714, 8vo. 

(20. ) Histoire du Concile de Trente, par L. 
£. DupiN, avec Portraits. Brux., 1721, 12mo, 
2 vols., 7«. A reprint of what the^uthor had 
published in his Biblioth. des Auteurs Eccle- 
siastiques. 

(21.) Histoire de la R^ption du Concile 
de I'rente dans les differeas Etats Catholiques 
rparTAbb^ Mignot]. Amst. [Park.,], 1756, 
l2mo, 2 vols. 

(22.) Monumentorum ad Historiam Omci- 
lii Tridentini potissimum illustrundam spec- 
tantium ampHwiima CoUectio, studio et opera 
Jud. Le Plat. Lovanii, 1781-^, 4to^ 7 vols., 
80s. The onl^r complete collection of the do- 
cuments relative to this important council. 

(23.) BuUa Reforraationis Pauu Paps 3 
ad Historiam Concilii Trident, pertinens, con- 
cepta non vulgata, Annott. H. N. Clausen. 
Hauniffi, 1830, 4to, 5t. 

(24.) Memoirs of 4he Council of Trent, prin- 
cipally derived from ms. and unpublished Re- 
cords, namely. Histories, Diaries, Letters, and 
other Documents of the leading Actors in that 
Assembly, with Plates^ by the Rev. Joseph 
MEMDjiAig M.A. London, 1834, 8vo« pp. 



20. Concilia generalia Gnecoram eC 
Latinonim cum pleriaque Actis Syuodik- 
libua, adjunctis plurimis Pooitificaa 
Sanctionibus, edita studio Jac Mbb- 
LiNi. Colon., 1530, foL 2 vols, in 1, 

158. 

Now in little estimation. Other editioai 
appeared Paris, 1523-4, fol., 2 vols., and Paik, 
1535, 4to, 2 vols., 7s. 6<L 

21. Concilia Generalia et Pkrttcularii, 
edidit Petrus Crabbb, MediUniensis. 
Col. Agrip., 1551, fol., 3 voUi., 31#. 6dl 

A former edition appeared in 1538» foL, 2 
vols., 21s. 

22. Concilia Generalia^ Provindafia, 
atque Particularia, cura Laur. Sueii. 
Colon., 1567, foL, 4 toIs., 60#. 

23. Concilia omnia tam Generalia 
quam Provindalia, . . . eraditc No- 
tationes per Catholicos Thecdogos addi> 
tse. Venet., 1585, fol. 5 vols. 

Published ' auspicis Sixti V.' 

24. Concilia Genendia et Prtmncialia 
Grseca et Latina, item EpistolK Deere- 
tales et Roman. PontificumVits, stoAo 
Steph. BiNNii. Paris., 1636, fioL, 10 
vols., 84#. 

Best edition. An edition. Colon., 1606, foL. 
4 vols. ; another, 16)8, foL, 9 vols. It is caul 
that Binius has, in various parts, altered the 
text to suit his own religious views. 

(I.) Ad Sever. Biainium, Lovan. TbeoL. 
Epistola (Common, super ConciL Gener. Edi- 
tione ab ipso adomata, per quondam TheoL 
Candidatum ex Magna Britannia [GuL Ceas- 
havium]. Lond., 1624, 4to, 6». 

J 2.) A Treatise of the Fifth GeoenI Coaaca 
d at OmstaotiBOple, in 553, under Justioin 
the Emperor, in the time of Pope VigiUQ% by 
Richard Crakakthorp, with a Prefoee br 
Dan. FxATLT. Lond., 1634, foL, 10s. 6& la 
this, it is contended in opposition to Barooiw 
and Binnius, that the Pope a apost ooostit vd 
definitive sentence in matter of foith, was ooft> 
denmed as heretical by the Synod. 

25. Concilia Generalia Ecdesis Gi- 
tholicse, Gr. et Lat. Rome, 1608-12, 
fol., 4 vols. 

* Pauli v., Pont. Max. auctoritate edita.' 



m 



COUNCILS. 



374 



96. Concilloram mniiiam Genenlium 

et Pnnrmcialiuin CoUectio Regia. Paris., 

1644, foL, 37 toIb. 

A splciidid edition published under the aus- 
pices of Cardinal Richelieu. ' Non omnibus, 
•K in ipoa GalHa, illod se comroendaYit. De- 
faBBorilms sane libertatis gallicans id maxime 
dii^beiiil.quod qusdamoomplectator, in reges 
refnamque polestatem injuiiosa. Nee que in 
Bum tomis conciliorum vitiosa ezstant, plane 
eHiecta fberant.' — Waleh. 

27. CoUectio Maxima CondHoruiD per 
FluL La BBS et Gabr. Cobsartium, 
cmn Dominici Jacobatii et alionun 
Tractatibiis de Concilio, ad Regiam 
Bditionem ezacta. Paris., 1671-2, fol., 
18 ?ols.« £14. 

28. Steph. Baluzii CoDciliorum 

Non CoUectio. Paris., 1683, fol., vol. 

1, 2U. 

So more published. Some copies are dated 
1707. The volume forms a supplement to all 
pnceding colIectionB of councils. 

29. CondUonim CoUectio Regia 
Maifma Generalium ac ProvinciaUum, 
per Jo. Harduinum. Paris., 1715, 
UL, 12 vols., £8. 

An exoelkrat edition. See Walchii Bibl. 
TWoL, iii, 827-8. Some copies contain in the 
kA Tolome additions which the editor was 



ipcUed by the Parliament of Paris to make 
tobiawork. 

30. CoUectio SS. Conciliorum ad Reg. 
Edit exacta, curante Nic Colbto. 
Venet, 1728-33, foL, 25 vols., £25. 
' laacitB S;^ Baluiii et Jo. Harduini addita- 
insaper, ac observationibus ac ap- 
See Walchii Bibl. Theol., iii, 829-dO. 



31. Jo. Domin. Mansi Sanctorum 
CoDofionmi et Decretorum CoUectio 
Bora. Lucip, 1748-52, fol., 6 vols., 
£6.6#. 

32. Sacrorum Conciliorum CoUectio. 
E£tio novissima Additt. locupletata, ad 
MSS. perfecta ; accedunt Notas et Dis- 
•trtt adhoc desideratie. Florent. et 
Venct, 1759-98, fol., 31 vols., £40. 

Tbii is the latest and most complete edition 
rftht Councils. The whole of the labour of 
piu^J iny editor* is not only reviewed and 
onfolly corrected, but additions are made 
tknoghoat 

33. Analyse des Condles, Gr^^ux 
•t^rticnliers, avec des Notes, et un 
*V«H^ des Concfles en ^eneni, par le 
P. C. L Richard. Pans, 1772-7, 4to, 
5 volt., 42*. 

^Bfost nsefnl work for those who cannot 
Mvvcnieatly obtain the large ooUections. ' Le 
**T »ym chureet concise, la doctrine saine et 
***«4ae, la critiqve sage et judicieuse, les re- 



cherches curieusea, utiles et ezactes, les rai- 
sonnemens aolides et convaincans.' (1.) C.L. 
RiCHARDi Analysis Condi. Gen. et Part., in 
Lat. Idiom, transtulit J . A. Dalmasus. Augib., 
1778-82, 8vo, 6 vols., 26«. 

Summaries of the decrees of the different 
general councils will be found in Cave and 
Dupin« 

34. Simonis Starovolscii Epitome 
ConciUorum, tarn GeneraUum, quam 
ProvinciaUum, item^ue Vitarum Ro- 
man. Pontificum, Epistdarum Decreta- 
Uum et diversarum Sanctionum eorum. 

Romse, 1615, fol. 

' Liber rams ac memorabilis, eam imprimis 
ob caussam. ouoniam ex isto notitia synodorum, 
in Polonia naoitarum, sumenda est'— Walch. 

35. Synodorum GeneraUum ac Pro- 
vinciaUmn Decreta et Canones, Scholiis, 
Notis ac histor. Actorum Dissertatione 
illustrati a Chr. Lupo. Lov. et Brux., 
1665-73, 4to, 5 pts. in 3 vols., 24s. 

* Opus est, quod multam variamque auctoris 
eruditionem (Moiter atque industriam ostendit' 
— Walch. 'Ces dissertations sur les conciles 
sonttres estim^ fort s^avantes et pleines de 
recherches.' — Salmon. 

36. Delectus Actorum Ecclesiao Uni- 
versaUs seu nova Summa ConcUiorum, 
Epistolarum, Decretorum Pontificum 
Capitularium, &c. quibus Ecclesiae Fides 
et DiscipUna niti solent, cum Notis ad 
Canones [auctore Nic. Jos. Poisbon]. 
Lugd., 1706, fol., 2 vols. 

37. Jo. Lud. RuBLii et Jo. Lud. 
Hartmanni ConciUa iUustrata per Ec- 
clesiasticse Historise diegeticam DUuci- 
dationem, etc. Norib., 1675, 4to, 4 

vols., 368. 

* Enarrantur non sdum conciliorum decreta 
ac canones ; sedetiam interposits dissertationes 
lucem illis variisque antiquitatis ecclesiasticae 
capitibus ]»tebent' — Walch. 

38. Synodicon, sive Pandects Cano- 
num Ss. Apostolorum et CondUonm^ 
ab Ecclesia Greeca receptorum, necnon 
Canonicarum SS. Patrum Epistolarum, 
una cum Scholiis antiquorum singuUs 
eorum annexis, et Scriptis aUis hue 
spectantibus recensuit, Proleg. et Annot. 
auzit GuJ. Bbvbrkoius, Episc. Asaph. 
Oxon., 1 672, fol., 2 vols., 50s. 

'A book to be referred to on matters relating to 
the doctrines and discipline of the Church. Hp. 
Beveridge had a great attachment to antiquity, 
and thought the Apostolical Canons were com- 
posed near the end of the second century— a 
much later date is generally assigned to thiem.' 
— Bickersleth. Van Espen remarks that 
Beveridge*s notes contain ' much veir learned 
exposition of the canon law, and much instruc- 
tive matter on other subjects connected with 
the learning of the canons.' 



376 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



37« 



(1.). Car. Capelli Epitome Apostolicarum 
Constitutionum in CieU Insult repertanim, et 
e Grsco in Latinum translatarum ; adjecte 
sunt lis consona qusdam Apostolicorum Disci- 
pulorum Dionysii Aieop. et Polycarpii Testi- 
monia ^ et per oppoeitum, ex historic de notis 
Luthen, duorum aaoerdotum Carol. Stadii et 
Munceri GestR et EventuB. Ingoktadii, 1546, 
4to, 10k. 6d. 

(2.^ In Canones SS. Apostolorum et Sacr. 
Concdiomm, tarn (Ecum. quam Provlnc. 
Conimentarii, a Viris doctiaa. Latinitate donati 
et Annott. illustrati : a^jectum est Concilium 
Constantinopolitanum, sub Menna Patriarcha, 
una cum Constitutionibus Apostolorum, Gr. 
et Lat, opera Jo. ZoNAn^e. Paris, 1618, 
fol. 

(3.) Canones SS. Apostolorum, Conciljorum 
Gen^. et Provinc, SS. Patrum Epistols 
CanonicsB} quibus prsf. est Photii, Con- 
stant. Patnarchs, Nomocanon, i. e. Canon, et 
Lefnim Imper. Conciliatio, et in certos titulos 
Distributio. Omnia Comm. Theod. Balsamo- 
Nis, Andoch. Patr., ezplicata, et de Graecis 
conversa, Gent. Herveto interprete. Paris., 
1620, fol. 

(4.) Synopsis Canonum SS. Apostolorum, 
et Conciliorum (Ecumen. et Provinc, ab F.c- 
clesia Gneca receptorum: necnon Concil., 
Decret., et Legum Ecclesis Britan. et An^lo- 
SaxonicaB ; una cum Constitut. tarn Provmc. 
[scr. a Steph. L£ioHTON,ad Henr. Chichleiam] 
quam I^gatinis, &c. in Compendium redactis, 
a Laur. Howel. Lond., 1708-10, fol., 2 vols., 
20i. 

(5.) Job. Dallaei de Pseudepif^phis 
Apostolicis, seu Libris octo Apostolicarum 
Constitutionum Libri tres. Haraerv., 1653, 
l2mo, 4s. 6d. An esteemed work. 

(6.) St Clement's and St. Irenaeus*s Vmdi- 
cation of the A post Constit from several Ob- 
jections made ag-. them ; as also, an Account of 
the two ancient Rules thereunto belonging for 
the Celebration of Easter ; with a Postscript on 
occasion of Mr. Turner's Discourse of the 
Apost Con«tit, by Wm. Whiston. London, 
1716, 8vo, 3i. Whiston regarded ' the Apos- 
tolical Constitutions,' a work which, by the 
most judicious critics, is accounted of no earlier 
date than the fourth century, to be of equal 
authority with the books of the New Testament 

(7.) Canones Apostolorum et Conciliorum 
vetenim selecti, oollegit, &c., H.T. Bruns, 
eum Prsfatione D. Aug. Neakdri. Berol., 
1839, 8vo. 6». Of this work only the £rst vol. 
is yet puolished, containing the fourth, fiiUi, 
sixth, and seventh centuries. 

39. Orthuini Gratii Fasciculus Re- 
rum Expetendarum et Fugiendarum. 

ColoD., 1535, fol., 25«. 

A remarkable work in ecclesiastical history, 
'in quo continentur Concilium Basiliense, et 
prsterea summorum aliquot Virorum Epistols 
et Opuscula ejuadem argumenti.' The pur- 
port of it is to maintain that a council was para- 
mount to the Pope, and that a council was the 
only mean, at that juncture, of reconciling the 
diasentions in religion. (1.) Editio noya^ cum 
Appendice Veterum Soiptorum et Epistolis, 
edidit Edw. Browv. Lond., 1680, fol., 2 
vols., 3U. 6d, The marginal notes in this, by 



far the best edition, are mostly by the Pro- 
testant editor. 

40. Acta Synodi Florentiiii, ex Gneco 
Latine per Barth. Abra.mum, et alia ad 
Synodum pertinentia, etiam Latine ex 
Gneco. Koinse, 1526, fol., 42s. 

* Edition tre»-recherche6 des curienz.'— De 
Bure. 

41. lUustr. ac Potent. Regie, Senatua, 
Populique Angliie, Sententia et de eo 
Concilio, auod Paulus Episcopus Rom. 
Mantuae mturum simulavit; et de ea 
Bulla, quae ad Calendas Noyembres id 
prorogavit. Londini, T. Berthelet, 1537t 
sm. 8vo. 

A rare little volume relating to the CoancS 
at Mantua. ( 1 .) The Causes why the Germaas 
wvll not go, nor consente unto the Coonocil 
which the Paul die 3, now Bishop of Rone, 
hath called to be kept at Mantua, in Italy. 
Southwarke. James Nicholson, 1537, sm. 8vo. 
^ ^2.) The Actesof the Disputation in the Coon- 
cill held at Regensbtirg : tnat is to save, ail the 
Articles concemyng the Christen Relygioa, 
both agreed and not agreed upon : even as they 
were propowned of the Emmiour to be judged, 
del vvred, and debated ; also tne SentenceXowi». 
cell, and Advyse of the Emperor« of the A obles> 
and of tlie Legate concemyng these Actyi, and 
certen Prefacys of Melancton, and certen other 
thinges, set forth by M. Bucere and P. Me- 
lancton. Translated owt of Latyn into Eog> 
lissh by Mylys Coverdale. [ ] IMS, 

sm.8vO,31«.6(/. 

42. Canones et Decreta Concilii Tii- 
dentini. Rome, 1564, fol. 

' Editiones eorum, quarom ma^us est no- 
merus, non omnes ejusdem conditionis sunt ao 
pretii ; sed ita inter se differunt^ ut aKs abaa 
dictate sua, tamquam adcuratiores atque am» 
pkores, antecedant.'— Walch. Two editioaa 
appeared in 1564, which are considered typo- 
graphical curiosities, {Muticularly the first The 
Canons have been since reprmted in ev er y 
form, and in the opimon of the Rev. E. Bick- 
ersteth are ' a very necessary work far refer* 
ence in controversy with Romanists.' ' lite 
classical purity and severe simplicity of the 
style, in which the decrees of the councD are 
expressed, are universally admired, and are 
greatly superior to the language of any part 
of Justinian's law.' — C. Butler. (1.) Canooes 
et Decreta Concilii Tndentini, opera et stu- 
dio PhU. Labre. Paris., 1667, fol., 12«. (2.) 
Canones et Decreta Concilii Tridentini. opera 
et studio Jud. Le Plat. Lovanii, 1779^ roy. 
4to, 15#. Other editions have been publttbed 
in 4to, 8vo, 12mo, &c, the price varying 6^o>a 
2#.tol0f. * 

(3.) Canons and Decrees of the Coundl of 
Trent London, 1687, 4to, 7i. 6<i. 

(4.) A Godly and NecoBsary Admoaitioaof 
the Decrees and Canons of the CouncQ of 
Irent, lately transl. out of Latin. Loadan. 
John Daye, 1564. 4to, 12«. By Strype said 
'to be done by Abp. Parker, or his special 
order. The m^od of the book is to set down 



m 



COUNCILS. 



and then to sabioiQ observatbos 
to each.' 

43. Car. BoRROM^i Acta Ecclesue 
Mediolanensis. MedioL, 1599, foL, 2 
yqIs. 

44. Saocta Generalia Florentina Sy- 
nodiM, Gr. et Let., interprete Jo. Mat. 
Castophilo. Romae, 1638, 4to. 2 
vda^ 21#. 

45. ConcOia Antiqua Gallia, <nim ' 
Epistolis Pcmtificum, Prmcipum Conati- 
tatioiiibua, et aliia GallicanaB Rei Eccles. 
Monnaientis, opera Jac. Sibmondi. 
rwDM^ 1629, foL, 3 vola., 36*. 

SiriDODd's notes are considered excellent by 
|I«rwi. (1.) Supplemenu, opera et studio 
PtftideLAUiiioB. Paris., 1660, fol., 12i. 

46. CoUectio Maxima Conciliorum 
Hiapaniae et Novi Orbia, ex edit. Jos. 
Saena deAouiRRK, Cardinalis. Ronue. 
1693-4, i6L. 4 vola. 

Qtt« Gollectio uti opus est niagni laboris. 
"•g^CTPqationis atque utilitatis ; ita et aucton 
noo meAoeran Uudem atque existimationem 
^dUYiL — H alch. An analysis of Ayuirre's 
^^P^^ by Salmon in his «Trwt6 sur 
VvaoAt dcs Conales.' 

(1.) Collectio Canonum Ecclesia Hispan® 
ex pK*. et penret Codd. nunc primum m lii- 
E **^* f?**^ Matritensi Bibliotheca. 
jut, 1806, fi)L, eOi. Although printed in 
IW, It was not permitted to be pubfehed untU 
»e estabbriiment of the constitutional govern- 
?a«it m 1820, and on the return of Ferdinand 
■ »ai a^am snppreaaed. ' 

p^' . ^^' P*'r*«^ Sacra Concilia 
^cdeaiaB Romano-catholicae in Regno 
nm^pnx celebrata. Vien. et Poson.. 
1742, foL. 2 vola. 

• VolaiBiaA luec cum judicio lecenda sunt, 
jajaiBi^ mmium iadulget pravw animi ad- 
■gai M refagK MMs causa atque m lutheranorum 
J^raalormque sacrorum socios acerbius in- 

^. Joa. Catalan 1 Sacroaancta Con- 
qfia (Ecnmenica, Prolegomenis et Com- 
»eat«n» iUnstrata. Rom«, 1736, fol.. 
4?iok. 

, 49. Magnnm (Ectimenicura Constan- 
tmm Concilium de Univ. Ecclesia Re- 
wm^^. Unionc et Fide, ab Herm. 
v<m Der Hardt. R^c, 1697-1702. 
HH-, 6 vols, in 3, bis. 6d. 

A Tahiable and meful work, illustrated with 
nuaenms portraits, and armonal bearings, also 
Ti^Ktte news of towns and remarkable places 
•a ticnDany. 

50. CoBdUa Germaniae J. F. Schan- 
;at coH ggit, dein J. Hartzhbim con- 
TOwnt. Aotig, &c.. illuatr. cum Indice. 
•■^^ 1759-90, fol., 11 vola., 5/. 15*, 6d. 

A BKM oKittJ and important work. It not 



378 

only contains a history of the General Councils 
convened in Germany, from the fourth, through 
themtep^ng period of the Reformation, down 
to the eighteenth century, but also of all the 
ijynodical meetings whatsoever, whether of 
provinws, (hoceses, or monastic orders, as well 
as all those foreign councils at which any of the 
Oermap clergy assisted. And the whole, by 
what the authors caU • digressions and diiser- 
titions, IB made to form one extensive series of 
Ecclesiastical History. The last volume con- 
sists of an extensive index. 

51. Concilia SalisbuMrenaia Provin- 
cialia et Dioceaana, ed. F C. Dalham. 
Augsburg, 1788, fol., 18*/ 

52. Protestant Churches.—Concilia, 
Conatitutionea, et alia ad Eccleaiam An- 
glicanam spectantia. 

See Ecclesiastical Law of England. 

53. Conatitutiona and Canons Fccle^ 
aiastical . . . agreed upon . . . 1603 
. . . now publ. by his Maiestie's Au- 
thority. London, 1612, 4to, 4*. 6d. 

Frequently reprinted. The Constitutions and 
Canons of the Church of England will be 
found in the Clergyman's Assistant, and other 
works. 

54. Canons of the [Episcopal] Church 
of Scotland, drawn up by the Provincial 
Councils held at Perth, A.D. 1242 and 
1269. 

This, as likewise ' Historical Memorials con- 
cwnmg the Provincial CouncUs of the Scottish 
Uergy to the Era of the Reformation, by Sir 
p. I)ai.rvmplb, Lord HAiLEs,*will be found 
m his Lordship's Scottish Tracts, pubL in 1769 
4to. ' 

55. Acta Synodi Nationalis Dor- 
drechti habitse 1618 et 9; accedunt ple- 
nissima de Quinoue Articulis Theologo- 
cum Judicia. Lug. Bat, 1620, fol., 
21*. ; large paper, 31*. 6d, 

'The decrees of the Synod contain a very 
able, clear, and distinct statement of Calvinis- 
tac views. Thev are well worth attenUve study. 
Nothmg can be more unfeir than Tilenus' 
abridgment of them adopted by Heylin, Bis- 
hops Womock and Tomline. The acts at 
lagre, with the sentiments of the divines from 
different places appended to them, will amply 
repay the perusal.^-BickeFsteth. Bp. Haft 
decidedly approved of the Canons, and ob- 
servwl, I sImII live and die in the suffrage of 
the Reverend Synod,' &c ^ 

(h) Judicium Synodi Nationalis Reform. 
Lccles. Belgic. habitiB Dordrechti, 16J8 et 9 
de Qumque Doctrinae Capitibus in Eccles. 
Belgic. controversis, promulg. 6 Maii, 1619. 
Dordr., 1619, 4to. J t is to be found also in the 
oylloge Confessionum printed at the Claren- 
don Press. 

., <?:^.'^V Articles of the Synod of Dort, and 
its Rejection of Errors; with the History of 
invents which made way for that Synod, as pub- 
lished by the authority of the States-Genem), 
and tlie Documents confirroing its Decisions. 

c c 



379 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



360 



transhled from the Latin, with Notes, Remirks, 
and References, by Thomas Scorr, Rector ol 
Aston Sandford. London, 1818, Svo, 5f. A 
translation of a small portion of the volume of 
the Acts of the Synod at Dort The Rev. E. 
Bickersteth observes it contains ' many useful 
remarks, but commends too unreservedly this 
history of the Synod.' ,. ^ , 

(3.) AcUet Scripta Synodalia Dordracena 
Ministrorum Remonstiantium in Foederato 
Bel«o. Herder-uid, 1620, 4to, 12*. This 
book, published by the opposing party, con- 
tains, Mst, their account of the proceedings, and 
then their sentiments on the doctrines.-— Bick- 
ersteth. It should be read in conjunction with 
the Acta Synodi, published in IGSM). 

(4.) Letters and Expresses concemmg the 
Synod of Dort, by the ever-memorable John 
Hales. In his Golden Remains. * Mr. Hales 
and Dr. Balcanqual give various interesting 
particulars respectmg the Synod.'— Bickersteth. 
In Hales' letters * wUl be found a good account 
of this (ar-fiuned convention.' — Orme. 

Mudi valuable information respectmg the 
Synod of Dort will be found in Nichols Cd- 
vmism and Arminianism Compared, and m the 
firet vol. of his edition of the Works of Armi- 
nius, as also in AUport's transl. of Bp. Dave- 
nant's Expos, of the EmsUe of St. Paul to Ae 
Colossians. See also Walchu BibL Theol., ui, 
848-51. 



66. Synodicon in Gallia Reformata, 
or the Acts, Decisions, Decrees, end 
Canons of the National Councils of the 
Reformed Churches in France, collected 
out of the original ms. Acts of those 
Synods, by John Quick. London, 1692, 

fol., 2 vols., 24*. . . , . 

Much curious and mterestmpr information 
will be found in this work.— Bickersteth. It 
comprises a history of the rise and progress of 
the Reformation of France till the revocation 
of the Edict of Nantes, in 1685. 

(1.) Totts les Synodes Nationaux des Eg(li- 
ses Refbrm6es de France, auxquels on a joint 
del Mandemens Roiaux & nlusieurs Lettrw 
Politiques sur Matieres Synodales, &c. par M. 
Jean Atmon. A la Haye, 1710, 4to, 2 vols., 
20i. 

3. DI8CIPLINB AND OOVBRNMBNT OF 
THE CHURCH. 

1. Phil. Mblancthonis de Ecdesiae 
Authoritate et de Veterum Scriptis Li- 
bellus. Viteb., 1639, 18mo, 3*. 6rf. 

Also in the works of this distinguished divine 
and reformer of the church. (1.) OftheTrewe 
Auotoritie of the Churche . . . transl. out of 
Latyn into Englyshe. Ipswich, 1648, 16mo. 

2. Jo. JuBLLi, Episc. Sansb., Apolo- 
ffia Ecclesiae Anfflicanse. 

See, post, Popish Controversy, undw which 
head will be found other articles which might 
have likewise been mserted in this cUss. 

3. Confirmation de la Discipline Ec- 
desiastique observ^e es Egliscs Refor- 
ms du Royaume de France. (Paris) 
1666, sm. Svo, 7«. 6<2. 



4. An Admonition to the Pariiamem, 
by Thomas Cartwrioht. 1575. 

Written with the professed deagn of enbd- 
ing the Liturgy, and sabvertiiig at letA tk 
government of the Church by Bishops. See, 
post. Ecclesiastical History of England, vkre 
some others will be found, partly bekMigug to 
this class. 

6. Ric- CosiNi, Episc Dunhdm., 
Regni AnglilB sub Imp. Elixabe^ Be- 
li^o et Gubematio Ecdesiastica; das- 
dem Prima Lineamenta presentis Pdi- 
teise Ecdes. Angliae, edidit GuL Wekst. 
Lond., 1729, 4to, 6#. 
An esteemed wofk. « _i • 

(1.) Ric Cosiw, Epis. Dunh., Ecdcsa 
Angiicans FohteiamTabulas digeto. Oioj, 
1634, 4to. Otherworks by Bp-Co^nwia be 
found under the head of Eooles. Hiatory d 
England. 

6. Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Po- 
lity, Eigbt Books, by Richard Hoohb. 

MATjLondon, 16—, ioL 

Fast edition. Reprinted. 1692. 7, i»n6», 
fol., 2 vols., and 4to, 1 vol., in the drifao* 
editions of Hooker's woiks. He wasaa iWi 
champion for the ecclesiastical hi««reiiy. H» 
work displays immense learning, reflectws, •« 
eloquence, and is still referred to ts a mi »• 
thcmty upon the whole range of menu •» P^ 
litical prmciples. Of Hooker it has been wtf- 
ten, *Uiat should the English conrtitolMj,* 
Church and Stole, be unhappily rumed Jy 
some convulsion of extraordinary ?"pV? 
book alone probably contains maten aji w 
cient for repairing and rebundinff the sAittoJ 
fabric' (1.) An Analysis of Hooker iBs« 
Books of Ecclesiastical -Pohty, bythcM«».^ 
CoLUNSON. London, 1810. 8vo. 6i- ^bo- 
ceUent abridgment (2.) A Jurt andT«gj 
rate Defence of the Five Books of Ea*?^? 
Policie, by William Covejl, D.D. I^ 
1603, 4to. 154 pages, reprinted m Hi^«P 
Edition of the Works of Richard Hoote^ 
Ecclesiastical Polity has ft>n«hed, fcrMJJJT 
200 years, an invaluable delenoe « *"*f*p'^ 
to studious men; but we want. «J» ^'S 
E. Bickersteth. a popular work of tfce » 
sound, judicious, and evangehcal cbtn^J^ 
the establishment of the young and lsyia«»» 

general. , . __ a^ 

Hooker was not permitted to ©coipTj 
field of controversy alone. B»bon, Bttcj* 
Bridges, Cosins. ani I>^. Adrian 8srtT». • 
German beneficed in Enfirland. »PPew«i^*5 
same side. Bradshaw defended the csMf p 



the Puritans agamst Bilson. Fennff tgJJ" 
Bridges, Momce agamst Cosms. «n^^ 
against Saravia, although the Jw«»Tr««y 
against them by Uw. and their boob «•■ 
only be published by stealth.— Bogue. 

7. De diversis Minbtrorum GrtfiJ'* 
sicut it Domino fuenint instituti, et tt»- 
diti per Apostolos, ac pcrpetno omin^ 
Ecclesianim usu conEnnati, »»*• 
Hadr. Saravia, D.D. Londini, 159^ 

4to, 7*. 6*^. , • i«a 

An English translatwo appew^ » »»* 



II 



CHURCH DISCIPLINE AND GOVERNMENT. 



382 



S«r«m miblistied some odier woi^ (1.) 
». Bbjc lUspooiio ad TrBctat. de diTenis 
£iraDgelu Gradibis ab Adr. Sa- 
Geii.l(i9S»8TO,4i. 



8. PcrpeCual Goremment of Christ's 
'Chnrdt, by Thomas Bilson, Bp. of 
Wmdiester. London, 1610, 4to, 79, 6d. 

Tfaia it genermlly proDOunced to be ' a very 
•Ub defeooeof C^HMopacT.' In it ' are handled 
tht btberly saperiority wnich God fint estab- 
bftribed in the patriarchs for the goiiding of his 
dmrch, and after continued in the tribe of Levi 
and the Prophets; and lastly confirmed in the 
N. T. to the Apostles and their snooessors: as 
aSflo the points in question at this day, touching 
the Jewnh Synedrion ; the true kingdome of 
Chnt; the Apostles' commisBion; the Laie 
Ptatoeii c; tM distinction of Bishops from 
Piwbyten, and their succession from the Apos- 
tles' tinkes and hands: the calling- and mode- 
ntii» the ProuinciaU Synodes by Primates 
■ai MeCzopolitanes ; the allotting of Dioceses, 
•ad the poDular electing of such as must feed 
and «r«tcli the Flocke ; and diners other points 
c BQce f i un g the pastorall regiment of the House 
if God/ (1.) An Edition. London, 1693, 4to, 
7<.d^ (2.) Idem, Latine. Lond., 1611, 4to, 
ttk 

9. Bishop Ovkrall's Convocation 
Bod^ 16069 concerning the Government 
of God's CathoUck Church and the King- 
dom of the whole World. Lond., 1690, 
4to, 8«. 

ISil»lisbed by Abp. Sancroli— the portraits of 
bslk divines wUl be found in the volume. John 
DpcralL Bp. of Lichfield and Coventry, and 
li^y 01 Xorwich, was one of the translators of 
authorized venion of the Bible, and is pro- 
by Camden to have been 'a prodi- 
leamedman.' 



im 




10. Edm. RicHBRii Libelli de Eccle- 

et Politica Potestate, necnon 

Defeosio., cum Effigie. Colon., 

1701, 4to, 2 vols., 24«. 

Best edition. The first pubL at Paris in 
Mis, 8vo, was severely oenniied by the Court 
and defended by the French Parlia- 
but ultimately suppressed. This, of 
printed by permission of the Abp. of 
contains much valuable wod curious 
eoQDceted with the work and its author. 

11. Murd Ant. de Dominib de Re- 
■MiiB Ecdesiastica Libri cum duobus 
leonSras. Lond., 1617-20, et Hanov., 
11^ foL, 3 vols., 3U. 6d. 

'la quo id agit Antonius, ut deraonstret,Ile- 
p ahikag Ecdesiasticc, qualis est hodie apud 
Fswtificins. rationem, cum prima ilia etprisca, 
aM habere pror»QS similitudinis. — Reimann, 
'€jit ouna^ s €U oensur^, 1624, par la fa- 
— *^ dc tfaeologie de Paris, ^arce qu*il conte- 
bs maziines fiirorables a V inoependance 
s^cnfiers, et des principcai de tol^- 
Qoelques auteurs ont regard^ M. 
eomme noe iks plus illustres vie- 
da ruu|iiiiitkm.'^Peignot. (1.) Editio 




altera. Franc, 1681, fol., 3 vols., 27*. An 
edition of vol. 1 appeared Heid., 1618, and of 
vol. 3, Fraoco£, 16!28, fol. For some curious 
particulars respecting, and the various answers 
to, M. Ant. de Dominis' once celebrated work, 
see Walchu BibL Theol., i. 165; ii. 193, 209, 
210, 357. 

12. Geo. Down AM I Episc. Der.> 
Dissertatio de CrubOTnatione Ecclesias 
maximeque de Presbyterio et Episco- 
patu. Lond., 1618, 4to, 6s. 

Bp. Downame's works were chiefly contro- 
versial. (1.) The Diooesan*s Tryall. wherein 
aU the Sinews of D. Downame*s Defence are 
brought unto Three Heads, and orderly dis* 
solved by Paul Baynes. Lond., 1621, 4o, 6i. 

13. De DiscipUna Ecdesiastica brevia 
et modesta Dissertatio ad Ecdes. Scoti- 
cam, autore Gallo quodam Theologo 
Verbi Divini Ministro. Abredoniae, 1622, 
12mo, 18f. 

14. Petri Arcudii de Concordia Ec« 
desis Ocddentalis et Orientalis in Sep- 
tem Sacramentorum Administratione 
Lihri viii. Paris., 1626, foL 

15. Of the Church, Five Books, with 
an Appendix, by Richard Field, D.D. 
Oxford, 1635, fol., 18#. 

Best edition of a work, which is chiefly an 
elaborate defence of the doctrine, and polity of 
the Church of England. The first was pub- 
lished at London, 1606-10, fol., 9f., and re- 
printed at Oxford, 1628, fol., 10s. 6d, 

16. The name Altar, BwriamipioPf an- 
dentlv given to the Holv Table, by 
Josepn Mbdb, B.D., of Grantham. 
London, 1636, 4to, 4$, 6d, 

Also in this learned divine's works. (1.) A 
Coale from the Altar, or an Answer to a Letter 
written to the Vicar of Grantham against 
placing the Communion Table at the East 
End of the Chancell, by Peter Hbylyn, D.D. 
Lond., 1636, 4to, 4i. 6d, (2.) The Holy Table, 
Name, and Thing, more anciently, properiy and 
literally used under the New Testament than 
that of Altar [by John Williams, Bp. of Lin- 
coln]. Lond., 1637, 4to, 7f . 6d, In the title- 
page said to have been * written long ago by a 
minister in Lincolnshire in answer to Dr. Coal, 
a judicious divine of Queen Maries days. 
Lord Clarendon pronounces it to be ' a book so 
full of learning, and that learning so closely 
and solidly applied, that it gained him (the 
author) reputation enough to do him hurt.' 
(30 Antidotum Lincolniense, or an Answer to 
• The Holy Table, Name, and Thing,' by Peter 
Hevlin, D,D, Lond.. 1637, 4to^ 4». (4.) 
Altare Christianum, or the Dead Vicar's Plea, 
by John Pocelinoton, D,D, Lond., 1637, 
4to. (5.) A Quench-coale, or a brief Disquir 
sition and Inouuj, in what place of the Church 
or Chancell the Lord's Table ought to be ntua- 
ted, especially when the Sacrament is ad- 
ministered ; with an Appendix to it, in answer 
to the Arguments of Shelfbrde Reeve, and a 



383 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



384 



late Coale from the Altar touchini^ Altars, and I 
Bowing to or towards them^ by Wm. Pkynne. 
London, 1637, 4to, 6f. 

17. The Sacred Order and Offices of 
Episcopacy hy Divine Institution, Apos- 
tolical fradition and Catbolicke Practice 
asserted, by Jer. Taylor, Bp. of Down 
and Connor. Oxon., 1638. 

A learned and much esteemed work. Re- 
printed 1647. 4to^ 6s., and also in the collective 
works of Bisnop Taylor. 

18. Reformatio Legum Ecclesiastica- 
rum, ex authoritate primum Regis Hen- 
rici VIII incboata; deinde per Regem 
Edoardum VI provecta, adauctac^ue in 
hunc modum, atque nunc ad plemorem 
ipsarum Reformationem in lucem edita. 

Lond., 1640, vel 1641, 4to, ISs, 

Cranmer, Goodrich, Cox, P. Martyr, and 
four others were the commission appointed to 
prepare this code. * W hen the work was com- 
pleted. Dr. H addon, Reg. Prof, of Civil Law 
at Cambridgpe. and Sir John Cheke were com- 
missioned to translate it into Latin, lliese ex- 
cellent scholars took the pandects of Justinian 
as tlieir model, and thus avoiding the unclassi- 
cal terms used by Papal Canonists, they pro- 
duced a mass of Latimty worthy of an age long 
past' — Sofunes. It was, says the Rev. h. Bick- 
ersteth, a noble design, and is well calculated 
to show us the doctrines and views of the 
Reformers. 

19. Episcopacy by Divine Right 
asserted, by job. Hall, Bp. of Nor- 
wich. London, 1640, 4to, 5^. 

Also in his works. (1.) Bp. Hall's ' Epis- 
copacy by Divine Right asserted,' with Notes, 
by the Rev. Jusiah Pratt. London, 1806, 8vo, 
2s. ' In this the good Bishop endeavours to fix 
episcoiMicy upon the same basis of apostolical 
institution, and to demolish the system of the 
puritans, by demonstratiug that presbyterianism 
had no existence for the first 15 centuries of 
the Christian era, and that it owed its being to 
the inventive faculties of Calvin.'— Bogue. (2.) 
Irenaei Philadelpbi [Ludov. MolinaiJ 
Epistola ad Renatum Viridicum, in qua ape- 
ritur Mysterium Iniquitatis novissime in Anglia 
redivivum, et excutitur Liber Jos. Halli, quo 
asseritur LpLscopatum esse Juris Divini. £leu- 
theropoli, 1641, 4to. 

(3.) An Humble Remonstrance to the High 
Court of Parliament, by Jos. Hall, Bp. of 
Norwich. London, 164-. In this, and in A 
Defence of the Humble Remonstrance, Hall 
strenuously exerted himself to vindicate the 
authority of liturgies, and the celestial origin of 
diocesan episcopacy ; and claimed to the pre- 
lates the sole right of ordination and spiritual 
jurisdiction. — Bogue. ^4.) An Answer to * An 
Humble Remonstrance, in which the Originall 
of Liturgy [and] Episcopacy are discussed, and 
Qusres propounded concerning both ; the 
Parity of Bishops and Presbyters in Scripture 
demonstrated ; the Occasion of their Imparity 
in Antiquity discovered ; ihe Disparity of the 
Ancient and Modem Bisliops manifested ; the 



Antiquity of Ruling Elders in the Chnreh 
dicated ; [and] the PrelaticaU Church bovod- 
ed, by Smecttmnws [l e. Stenben Miasa* 
AL, Edmund. CAi^MY.lliomasVoinco, Mat- 
thew Newcomem, and William Spvkstow]. 
Lond., 1641, 4to, St. (&) A Ddeoeeafdie 
Humble Remonstrance against the Exoepdov 
of Smectymnvva, wherein the Right of Latu- 
gie and Episcopacie is vindicated, by tbeAa- 
tnor of the said Humble Remonstrance, [by 
Jos. Hall, Bp. of Norwich.] Lond., 1641, fto. 
In the above volumes the controversy between 
the episcopalians and presbyterians wu fiUIj 
investigated, and whoever will peruse then 
may make himself mastw of toe sulqeet— 
Bogue. Milton and others wrote on the coa- 
troversy. 

20. Of Reformation touchinff Chordi 
Discipline in England, by John milton. 

In Milton's Prose Works, where will be 
found some other works on the sul^ect of tbe 
church. 

21. The Original of Efusoopacj, hj 

Dr. Rainoldes, confimied bf JEines 

UsHBB, Abp. of Armagb. Lond., 

1641, 4to. 

Milton published his work of Prelatiol 
Episcopacy, 1641, 4to, 6f., in amwerto Ab^ 
Usher. (1.) Jac. Usserti, Archiep. Annaek., 
Opuscula duo — 1, de Episcoporwn ct Bfttro- 
politanorum Origine : 2, de Asm ProeMsa- 
lari: accedit Appendix de antiqua Eoeksis 
Britannics Libertate et Privilegiis. hooL, 
1687, 8vo, 4i. 6rf. 

22. Treatises relating to tbe Church, 
hj the Rev. Herbert Thorn dike. 
Lond., 1641, &c., 8vo, &c. 

* Those that would understand tlte controm^r 
concerning the rights of the church well, thtniA 
read Mr. Thomdike's works.*— Dr. Wonon. 
(I.) Of the Government of Churches, a Dis- 
course pointing at the Primitive Form, by U- 
TuonNDiKE. Camb., 1641, l2roo,2s.6^ (1) 
Of Religious Assemblies and the Pub&: Ser 
vice of God, by H. Thorn one Csmb., 1612, 
8vo. 4s. &/. (3.) A Discourse of the Rifto 
of the Church in a Christian State, widi in 
Appendix, by H. Thornoiki. Lood., 1619, 
8vo, 3s. (4.) Two Discourses, 1, oo the 
Primitive Government of the Churches ; 3, «f 
the Service of God at the Assemblies of U» 
Church, by H. Thorndike. Camb., 1660, 
8vo. (5.) Epilogue to the Tragedy of tU 
Church of England, in three Books, vii. </ 
The Principles of Christian Truth, of The 
Covenant of Grace, and of The Lawea of ^ 
Church, by H. Thorndikb. London, 1650, 
fol.. 12$. ; large paper, 20i. (6.) Just Weighti 
and Measures, that is, the Present State si 
Religion weighed in the Balance, and nieasurod 
by Uie Standard of the Sanctuary, by H. 
Trornoike. London, 1662, 4to, 4*. 6rf. ; re- 
printed 1680, 4to, 4s. 6d. (7. ) A Dimxhiiw of 
the Forb«BJtuice, or the Penalties which a dac 
Reformation requires, by H. THomywo- 
Lond.. 1670. sm. 8vo, St. (8.) Herb. Ti toe>- 
Dicn de Ratione ac Jure finiendi Coatrovosis* 
EcclesisD Disputatio. Lond., 1670, foL (9.) 
Herb. TiioRKDicn Origines Ecc]esiaslK£ five 



386 



CHURCH DISCIPLINE AND GOVERNMENT. 



386 



de Jure et Potestate ficcleds ChristaaDaB 
Ezercitationea. Lond., 1674, fol., 16«. (10.) 
Dseonne ooncenung the Worship of God 
lowards the Altar, by H. Tuorndike. Lond., 
1GB2, 12mo,3f. 6(/. 

23. Jo. Geo. Walchii Miscellanea 
Sacra, aire Comment, ad Histor. Ecdes. 
Sand. DiacipHnas pertinentium CoUec- 
tio. AmSL, 1644, 4to» 18«. 

24. Epiacopacy Asserted, by Jeremy 
Tati^b, Bp. of Down and Connor. 
Loodkm, 1647> 4to, 6s. 

Written by oommaiid of K. Charies L 

25. Model of Church Government, 
or the Groimda of the Spiritual Frame 
and Goremment of the House of God, 
by John DvRT. London, 1647, 4to, 
is.6<L 

Dury, one of the Assembly of Divines, la- 
botired hard to unite the Lutherans with the 
Calvimsts. His publications are numerous. 

26. Surrey of the Summe of Church 
Discipline, by Thos. Hopi^BR, of New 
England. London, 1648, 4to, 5^. 

27. Tabernacle of the Sun, or Ireni- 
enm Evangelicum : an Idea of Church 
Discipline, with an Account of Reli- 
gious Experiences, by John Rogers, 
of St. Thomas's, London. London^ 1 653, 
4lo, 6#. 

Dedicated to Oliver Cromwell. 

28. Du Gouvemement de I'Eglise, 
centre ceux qui veulent abolir I'usage et 
I'antorit^ des Synodes, par Moise Amy- 
RAULT. Salm., 1653, 8vo, 6s. 

Amyrmult is described by Mosheim ' as a 
iBan oif subtle understanding, and sound ge- 
■fw :' and by Ladvocat, as ' one of the most 
iDgenious men of his communion; greatly 
* ^ d, not only by the Calvinists, but by the 
Catholic Lords.' 



29. Rve Disputations of Church Go- 
Temment and Worship, by Ric. Bax- 
TKR. Lond., 1659, 4to. 

The works of this eminent nonconformist are 
i«in valued highly. (I.) Church History of 
the Government of Bidiops, and their Coun- 
cils abbreviated, by Ric Baxter. London, 
1680, 4to, lOt. ' I pray you read Baxter's 
Church History of Bishops and their Councils.' 
— Mather's Student. (1) Treatise of Epis- 
oopade.bv Ric. Baxter. London, 1681, 4to, 
10b. (3.) A Vindicarion of the Primitive 
Church and Dioceaan Episcopacy, in answer 
to Baxter's Church History, ... as also to some 

^rt of his Treatise of Episcopacy [by Henry 
ACBici, D.D.]. London, 1682, 8vo. 

30. The UnbishopingofUmothyand 
Titus, and the Angd of the Church of 
EpiMStts proving Uiem to be no Bishops, 



&c., by William Prynnb. London, 
1660, 4to. 

31. Account of Ancient Church Go- 
remment, with Reflections upon severa) 
Modem Writings touching tnis Subject 
[by Abraham Woodhbad, M.A.]. Lon- 
don, 1662. 

I'he work of aa able vmter of the Roman 
Catholic persuasion, of whom C. Butler ob- 
serves, ' among the polemic writers of the 17th 
cent, few are more generally read or respected 
than the celebrated Abr. Woodhead.^ (1.) 
An Edition. London, 1686, 4to. 6f. (2.) 
Church Government, Part the Fifth, concern- 
ing' the English Reformation, by Abraham 
WooDHEAD, M.A. Oxon., \6S7, (3.) Ani- 
madversions on the VIII theses laid down, 
and the Inferences deduced from them, in a 
Discourse entided ' Church Government,' 
Part V [by George Smallridoe, Bp. of 
Bristol]. Oxford, 1687, 4to, 3i. 

32. Defence and Continuation of the 
Ecclesiastical Politic. London, 1671» 
8vo, 3s. 6d. 

This work has no connexion with the work 
of Hooker. It is a caustic attack on noncon- 
formity, and especially against Owen, whose 
works, the author says, consist but of snreds of 
Latin and superannuated pedantry. 

33. Conformity de la Discipline Ec- 
cles. des Protestans de France avec celle 
des anciens Chretiens, par Mat. de Lar- 
ROQUB. Quevilly, 1678, 4to, *Is. 

An esteemc^d work. (1.) In English by Jos. 
Walker. Lond., 1691, 4to,6f. 

34. Episcopacy not Prejudicial to 
Regal Power, hy Rob. Sandbrson, 
Bp. of Lincoln, with a Portrait. Lond., 
1678, 8vo, 4*. 6d. 

An esteemed work, ' written in the time of 
the Long Parliament by command of the 
late King,' and reprinted in 1683, 4to. It 
fint appeared in 1661, 8vo, 2x. 6d. ( 1.) Rea- 
son and Judgment, or Special Remarvjues of 
the Life of Dr. Sanderson, together with 1^ 
Judgement for setling the Church. Oxford, 
1663, sm. 4to, 5«. 

3.5. Religion and Policy, by Edward 
Hyde, Earl of Clarendon. 
See col. 362, no. 5. 

36. Dissertations concerning the Go- 
vernment of the Ancient Church by 
Bishops, Metropolitans, and Patriarcha, 
by Wm. Cavb, D.D. London, 1683, 
8vo. 

37. Account of the Government of 
the Christian Church for the first 600 
Years, by Sam. Parker, Bp. of Ox- 
ford. London, 1683, 8vo, 4«. 

Still in some estimation. 
(1.) Religion and Loyalty, or a Demonstra- 
tion of the Power of the Christian Church 



387 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



388 



within itselfy the ' Supremacy of Sovereign 
Powers over it. Duty of Passive Obedience, 
or Non-ResiBtance to aU their Commands, ex- 
emplified out of the Records of the Church and 
the £mpire, by Samuel Parkxr, Bp. ofOx* 
ford. Lond., 1684, 8vo, 2 vols. 

38. Ludov. Ellies Dupin de Antiaua 
Ecdesis Disciplina Dissertatioiies UiB- 
toricse. Paris., 1686, 4to, 105. 6d, 

Best edition — some important passages were 
omitted in the subsequent ones. 

39. Vetus et Nova Ecdesiae Disci- 

plina circa Benefida et Beneficiarios, 

Opus Ludov. Thomassini. Paris., 

1688, foL, 3 vols. 

Another edition appeared, Lugd., 1706, fol., 
3 vols., 3lf. 6d»; and again, Mogunt, 1787, 
4to, 9 vols., 63«. (1.^ Ancienne et Nouvelle 
Discipline de TEgbse, par L. Thomassin. 
Paris, 1725, fol., 3 vols. (2.) Traits Dog- 
matique et Historique des Edits, et des autres 
Moyens spirituels et temporels pour etablir et 
pour maintenir TUnit^ de VEgliae Catholique : 
avec un Supplement, pour repondre a divers 
Ecrits seditieux et particulierement & I'Histoire 
de r£dit de Nantes, par L. Thomassin. Paris, 
1703,4to,3voU.,24f. 

40. Primitive Episcopacy, by David 
Clarkson, B.D. Lond.y 1689» 8vo, 

4s, 6d, 

' Evincing from Scripture and ancient records 
that a Bishop in the Apostles' times, and for 
the space of tne first three centuries of the Goe- 
I>el Church, was no more than a pastor to one 
single church or congregation.' The author 
was a nonconformist divine of considerable 
note. (1.) A Defence of Diocesan Episcopacy, 
in answer to Clarkson, by Henry Maurice, 
D.D. Lond., 1691, 8vo, 4«. 6ci.; reprinted in 
1700, 8vo, 48, 6d, 

41. The true Nature of the Gospel 
Church and its Government, by Jonn 
OwBN, D.D. London, 1689> 4to, 5s, 

Reprinted in 1801, 12roo, 2s. 6d. * Ihe ar- 
guments for independency may be sufficiently 
seen in the works of Dr. Owen.' — Bickersteth. 

(1.) An Enquiry into the Original, Nature, 
Institution, Power, Order, and Communion of 
Evangelical Churches, with an Answer to the 
Discourse of the Unreasonableness of Separa- 
tion, &c., by John OweNj^D.D. London, 
1681, 4to. Reprinted in 1696. It is an hn- 
portant work.— Orme. (2.) Plea for Scrip- 
ture Ordination, by John Owen, D.D. Lon- 
don, 1694, 12mo. 3f . (3.) Defence of Scripture 
Ordination, by John Owen, D.D, London, 
1697. 

42. Defence of Pluralities, or holding 
two Benefices with Cure of Souls, as 
now practised in the Church of Eng- 
land [by Henry Wharton, M.A.J. 
Lond., 1692, 8vo, 4s, 6d, 

Reprinted in 1703, 8vo, At, 6d. (1.) Plu- 
ralities Indefensible, by a Presbyter of the 
Church of England [Richard NewtonI. Lond., 
1743, 8vo, 4f . 



43. The Principles of the CyprianidL 
Age with regara to Episcopal Power 
and Jurisdiction, by John Saob, Bp. of 
Edinburgh. Lond., 1696, 4to. 

A learned woriu (1.) The Cyprianiek 
Bishop examined and found not to be a Dioce- 
san, with an Appendix in answer to ' The Fan* 
damental Charter of Presbytery/ by Gilbat 
Rule. Edinb., 1696, 4to. (2. ) A VimficatioDaf 
the Principles of the Cypnanic Age, in aosirer 
to G. Rule, by J. Sage, Bp. of Edinbiirgk 
London, 1701, 4to. (3.) Cyprianus IiotiiDiiL 
or J. Sa^*s Vindication of his PrindplM oC 
the Cypnanick Age confuted, by Wm. Jami- 
son, Prut of History, Glasgow. Edinb., 1705, 
4to. 

44. Enquiry into the Conatitotioii, 
Discipline, ana Worship of the Prtmitire 
Church [by Sir Peter King, Lord 

Oakham]. Lond., 1691, 8vo, 4s. 

Reprinted, 1713, 8vo, 4f. This work m wtH 
worthy of consultation on various points of 
early ecclesiastical hktory.— Orme. 'It hasbeea 
the text of many an ample diaseitation : it hM 
supphed weapons to innumerable deenden^ 
and stood the assault of a cloud of oppooentf ; 
nor has the flight o^ ^i™® oonsigrned it ettfaer lo 
obscurity or to neglect*— Eclectic Review. (1.) 
An Ori^al Draught of the Primitive (Imiea 
[by the Rev. Wm. Slater]. 8vo,4«.6(^ Se- 
veral editions. According to the British 
Critic, Lord King, on tte perusal of Urn 
reply, was induced to change his aentimeoilik 
The Ecclectic Reviewer discredits the state- 
ment, and considers the anonvmous reply eva- 
sive and sophistical. See Eclectic Review fior 
June, 1832, pp. 462-4. The two works 'aecm to 
exhaust the subject.* — Bickersteth. 

45. Ecclesiastical Cases relatiog to 
the Duties and Rights of the Qeigy 
and Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, by Edw. 
Stillingflbbt, Bishop of Worcester. 
London, 1698-1704, 8vo, 2 vols., 7s. 6d, 

Also in the third volume of the Bishop's ' 



46. Rights of the Christian Church 

asserted, with a Preface concerning the 

Government of the Church of Ei^isnd 

as by Law established [by Matthew 

Tindal]. 1706, 8vo, 4s, ei 

Wotton observes, 'this work was prohibited, 
and a bookseller indicted for selling a copv, yiA 
it went through three editions. Few books 
ever caused more stir among the clergy.* (L) 
Dialogue between Timothy and Philatheas^ 
which the Principles and Prtnects of 'The 
Rights of the Christian Church, &c. are fairly 
stated and answered. London, 1709, 8to, 3 
vols., 9«. Other works were published on the 
controversy. 

47, Discourse of Church Crovemmeaty 
wherein the Rights of the Church and 
the Supremacy of Christian Princes fire 
vindicated and adjusted, by John Pot- 
ter, Abp. of Canterbury. Load., 1707» 
8vo, Us, 



889 



CHURCH DISCIPLINE AND GOVERNMENT. 



390 



A maeli ctteemed work. (1.) Sixth Edi- 
boo. Loodoo, 1838, 8to, publ. at 7t. (2.) 
AiodbBr. London, 1838, ]2mo, 4f. 

48. Bibliotheca Scriptorom Ecclesis 
AnglicaDK, or a Collection of Tracts re- 
litmg to the Government and Authority 
of the Church. Lond., 1709> 8vo. 

Reoommended by George Hickes, D.D. 

49. Account of Church Crovemment 
md Governors, by Thomas Brbtt, 
LLD. London, 1710, 8vo, 3s. 6d. 

Best edition, (l,) The ladeiieiideDcy of 
the Clmrch apon the Stste as to its Spiritual 
Powers, by Thomas Brett, LL.D. London, 
1717, 8to, 3t. (2.) The Divine Riffht of 
lamcapmcy. by Thomas Brbtt, LL.D. Lond., 
Vm, 8to, 3s. ed. 

50. Two Treatises, one of the Chris- 
tian Priesthood, the other of the Dignity 
dihe Episcopal Order, by Geo. Hickbs. 
D.D. London, 171 1> 8vo, 2 vols., 8^. 

Beit edition of this celebrated book. 

51 . History of the Government of the 
Orarcb during the Three first Centu- 
ties, and the beginning of the Fourth, 
by Fnnds Bbokksbt. London, 1 7 1 2, 
8fOw 

52. Authority of the Church in Mat- 
ters of Religion, by Edward Synob, 
Abp. of Tuam. Lond., 1718, 8vo. 

53. Discourse on the Visible and In- 
visiUe Church of Christ, by John Ro- 
GBBs, D.D. London, 1719, 8vo, 3s. 6d. 

Reprinted 1720, 1738, and 1752, 8vo. Dr. 
Sykcs wrote in answer to Rogers, to which be 
rnlied. (1.) Vindication of the Ciril Esta- 
Wirf uBeul of Reli^rion, by John Rooees, D J>. 
Lood., 1728. 8to. 

54. Doctrina et Disciplina Ecclesise, 
ms vertns S. Codicum, Concilionun, 
Piitnim et vet. genuinomm Monumen- 
tonmi, secundum seriem temporum di- 
ffssta et ezpoeita, a L. Dumbsnil. 
Cohm., 1720, foL, 4 vols., eos. 

Tkii work fimns a complete collection of 
^ tothorities adduced in support of the vari- 
ewDogmas, Rites, and Forms of the Romi^ 
Chuth. 

55. Defence of the Doctrine and Dis- 

^ine of the Church of Ensland, by 

Wm. Nichols, D.D. Lond., 1730, 

8n>, 3t. 6d, 

OrMoally written in Latin, and published 
• 17ft, 12io. 

, 56. Jo. Laur. Moshbmii Disserta- 
tioomn ad sanctiores Disdplinas perti- 
veotium Syntagma; acced. G. Moylii 
^ F. KiMoii Dissert, de Legione Ful- 
'J^tttrice, ez Angl. Lat versie, additis 
Obserrationibus. Lips.. 1733, 4to, 10«. 
An esteemed work. (1.) Jo. Laur. Mo- 



SHSMii Vindicias Antique Christianonim Dis* 
ciplinsB, adv. Jo. Tolaodi Naiorenum. Hamb., 
1722, 8vo. 

57. Treatise of Ecclesiastical Bene- 
fices and Revenues, transl. from the 
Italian of Peter Paul Sarpi, by Tobias 
Jbnkins. West., 1 736, 8vo, 4s. 

This work, savs Orme, does gr^i honour to 
the talents and character of its amiable author. 
There are other editions Lond. 1727 and 1730, 
8vo, and Dublin, 1737, 8vo, 4s. each. 

58. Alliance between Church and 
State, by Wm. Wabbubton, Bp. of 
Gloucester. 

See coL 363, no. 16. 

59. Jo. Geo. Walchii Miscellanea 
Sacra, sive Commentat. ad Historiam 
Eccles. sanctioresque Disciplinas perti- 
nentium CoUectio. Amst, 1744, 4to, 
I2s. 

An esteemed work. 

60. J. L. Bbrti Opus de Theologicis 
Disciplinis, accedit Refutatio Librorum, 
quorum titulus Bajanismus et Jansenis- 
mus redivivi. Romse, 1760, fol., 3 vols., 
27*. 

61. Justini Fbbbonii de Statu Ec- 
clesiae et legitima Potestate Romani Pon- 
tificis Liber. BuUioni, 1765, 4to, I4s, 

This book created mudi controversy (1.) 
Traits du Gouvemement de TEglise, et de la 
Puissance du Pape par rapport a ce Gouveme- 
ment, par Just. Febronius. Venise, 1768, 
12mo, 3 vols., 9s. (2.) Actes du Consistoire 
tenu a Rome le jour de Noel 1779, a Tocca- 
sion de la Retraction de Justinus Febronius. 
Coloerne, [1779], 8vo, 2 vols., 6f . 

62. Essay on the Constitution of the 
Church of Christ, by the Rev. Wm. 
JoNBS, of Nayland. 8vo, and 12mo, 
2s, each. 

It is likewise to be found in the author's 
works, and in the 2d vol. of The Schohv 
Armed. 

63. Reflections on Ecclesiastical Es- 
tablishments, by Jos. MiLNBB, Dean of 
Carlisle, 8vo. 

In the second vol. of his History of the 
Church of Christ According to the Rev. £. 
Bickersteth he 'speaks with much power of 
mind and good sense on a difficult sulqect' 

64. Humble Attempt to exhibit a 
Scriptural View of Uie Constitution, Or- 
der, Discipline, and Fellowship oi: the 
Gospel Church, by the Rev. Archibald 
Hall. London, 1795, 8vo, 3s. 6d. 

Shows the arguments for presbyterianism.— 
Bickersteth. 

65. Guide to the Church, by the Rev. 
C. Daubbny, Archd. of Sarum. 

See, post, under division of Polemical Divi- 
nity. 



391 



RELIGION AND ITS HISTORY. 



39d 



66, Letters on Church Grovemment, 

by Clinch. Dublm, 1812, 8vo, 

6$. 

Dedicated to Dr. Troy, Cath. Abp. of Dublin. 

67' Treatise on the Churchy chiefly 
with respect to its Government, by Edw. 
Barwick. Belfast, 1813, 8yo, 9s. 

An able work, in which the divine right of 

?>i8Copacy is maintained, the supremacy of the 
ope proved contrary to the Scriptures and 
the Pnmitive Fathers, &c. 

68. Correlative Claims and Duties, or 
an Essay on the Necessity of a Church 
Establishment in a Christian Country, 
by the Rev. Sam. Charles Wilks. Lona., 
1821, 8vo, 6*. 

This vol., in the opinion of the Rev. E. Bic- 
kersteth, contains ' some good hints in favour 
of the established churcn, and many useful 
practical reflections.' (1.) Thouorhts on the 
Anglican and Anglo-American Churches, be- 
ing a Reply to Mr. WUks' Work, by John 
Bristed. London, 1821, 8vo, 4f. 

69. Analogical and Popular View of 
the Church of the Living God, its Mi- 
nistry and Service, by the Rev. Thomas 
Prubn. Lond., 1823, 8vo, 2 vols., 
108. 6d. 

' Shewing that a graduated threefold priest- 
hood is found no less under the Christian, than 
under the Jewish dispensation: and that the 
economy of that branch of the Church esta- 
blished m the British realms, on the principles 
of Diocesan Episcopacy, is in accordance with 
the pattern delivered from Mount Sinai; as 
this was acted upon by our Lord and his Apos- 
tles, as well as tneir successors — the Bishops of 
the Universal Church.* 

70. A. A. Pblliccia de Christianfle 
Ec